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GANSEy&'^'^^ L A N s 1 r; 











Historian of the New Kngland Historic-Genealogical Society; Librarian Kmeritus of Woburn Public 
of ArllnKton,- "BiblioKraphy of Woburn," etc.. etc.IJbrary; Author of "Tlie Cutter Family." "History 



President of Connecticut Valley Historical Society; Publisher of Pynchon Genealogy, "Picturesque 
Hampden." "Picturesque Berkshire." etc., etc. 



NEW VOKf'. - ,. . 



R itee L 

^4, - /T 04.0 

Cc;i'VKi(;nr 1910. 
.iwis MisidKHM. i'riu ishinh; Comvanv. 


lolin (iilbert. immigrant ances- 
GILBER'l" tor, was a resident of Dorches- 
ter, Alassachusetts, as early as 
i(.3f). lie is spoken of as a "grave, honest 
gentleman," and brought to this country with 
him two "well grown youths," his sons Thomas 
and John. He and his two sons were among 
the first purchasers of Taunton, aiul removed 
there. ' He was admitted a freeman December 
4. 1638, and was chosen constable in 1640. He 
was over sixty years of age in 1643, as he was 
excused from military duty then. In 1641 he 
received a grant of forty acres from the town. 

ith others 

"for their great charges in attend- 

ing courts, laying out lands and other occasions 
for the town." He was deputy to the general 
ct)urt. His house was in the meadow on the 
westward side of Taunton great river. In his 
will, dated .May 10, i'>54, directs his "body to 
be buried near my house at Pondsbrook upon 
the hill near the pine tree." He bequeathes to 
son Gyles, his farm of one hundred acres at 
Pondsbrook, together with buildings and cer- 
tain live-stock ; to sons Joseph and Thomas, 
daughter Mary Norcross and granddaughter 
Mary Xorcross ; to Xicholas Street and Rich- 
ard Williams, over.seers ; wife Winifred; he 
gives "10 bushels of Indian corn unto such as 
have most need of corn in the town to be dis- 
posed of at the discretion of the deacons of the 
church at Taunton." His wife Winifred was 
executrix, and the inventory was filed June 3. 
1657. Giihlren : i. Thomas, mentioned below. 
2. [ohn, returned to England ; was a first pur- 
chaser of Taunton. 3. Joseph. 4. (iyles. 5. 

Mary, married Xorcross. 

( II ) Thomas, son of John Gilbert, was born 
in England, in county Devon, and came to this 
country with his father. He settled in Taun- 
ton, where he was one of the first purchasers, 
and was admitted a freeman in 1643. He 
served as constable in 1648 and 1649; ^s select- 
man 1648 and 165 1 : was ileputy to the general 
court in i'i5i. In 1653 he returned to Eng- 
land, and died there in 1676. He married 
March 23, 163Q, Jane, daughter of Hugh Ros- 
siter, being the second marriage celebrated in 
Taunton. She and her children remained in 
Taunton, where she was a jjroprietor of the 
North Purchase, and she died there June 9, 
1691, aged seventy-seven. Children: i. En- 
sign Thomas, prominent man in Taunton ; con- 

stable in K177 ; surveyor, 1679-90-94; select- 
man, 1(199, 1707-13-15-18; died .April 20, 1725, 
aged eighty-two. 2. Mary, married Samuel 
\Viniams. 3. Elizabeth. 4. Jean. 5. Eliezer, 
mentionetl below. 

(HI) Eliezer, son of Thomas Gilbert, was 
born at Taunton about 1655. His wife's chris- 
tian name was Elizabeth : among their children 
was Eliezer, mentioned below. 

( 1\ ) Eliezer (2), son of Eliezer (ij Gil- 
bert, was born in Taunton about 1680, died at 
Sharon about 1760. He bought the land of 
Samuel Smith, Jr., and lived in that part of 
Taunton called the Xorth Purchase, later Nor- 
ton, on w'hat has since been called the Gilbert 
place. It is situated a little to the west of the 
lla\- road, a few rods northwest of thfe pond 
hole, and up the hill. He also owned eighty- 
three acres of land in Dorchester (now Shar- 
on), "a gore of land which Dorchester line 
cuts oft from the lot of land which Jeremiah 
Willes house stands upon." He married Mercy 
Wilmarth, Xovember 13, 1712; she was born 
Mav 2, 1689. Children: i. Joseph, born Sep- 
tember 22. 1713: baptized August 31, 1718. 2. 
Eliezer. born January 20, 1715; died young. 
3. Lemuel, born 171 5-16; resided in Xorton; 
served in Nova Sci>tia in 1735, as sergeant in 
Captain Xathaniel Perry's company, aged thir- 
ty-eight. 4. Timothy, born March 2. 1717, bap- 
tized .August 31, 1718; mentioned below. 5. 
Eliezer, baptized .\ugust 31, 1717-18; died Au- 
gust 20. 1726. 6. John, born October 5, 1719; 
resided at Xorton; died at Pomfret, Connecti- 
cut, 1790. 7. Ruth, born 1721. 8. Seth, born 
about 1725. 9. James, married, December 28, 
1749, Rebecca Wethrell ; (second), June 24, 
1 76 1, Elizabeth Williams, who died a widow, 
Xovember 12, T789, in her fifty-ninth year. 10. 

( \' ) Timothy, son of Eliezer (2) (iilbert, 
was i)orn in Taunton, or Norton, March 2, 
1717: baptized .\ugust 31, 1718, in Norton; 
died at Enfield, May 2, 1798. He settled in 
Easton, and served in the Erench and Indian 
war in 1758; re-enlisting April 2, 1759: on 
duty eighty-five weeks and six days, and was 
also in the train band in 1757. He married, 
I'ebruary 14, 1744, Mary Kieth. born at Eas- 
ton, Massachusetts, February 13, 1726, died 
181 1 ; she was the granddaughter of Rev. James 
Kieth. first minister of ancient P.ridgewater. 




From tlie prubate records of the estates of his 
sons. Lemuel and Timothy, we get most of our 
knowledge of the family of Timothy Gilbert. 
He refers to his share of the estate of his 
brother Lemuel. .\ letter is on file with the 
papers relating to the estate of Lemuel that 
will be of interest to all of the family, viz : "As 
Tiod in his providence hath called us to mourn 
together I hope we shall be so happy as to be 
united in our measures in settling the estate of 
our deceased brother ( Lemuel). It is my wish 
that you should take the administration upon 
yourself, if you are willing and it be agreeable 
to the widow, or if it should be more agreeable 
to you and her to take the administration with 
her I will be perfectly satisfied, and if you can- 
not take it, I wish you would be so good as to 
name some proper person and inform me by a 
letter and I will ac<|uiesce in anything which 
can be consistent that you shall point out. As 
you known my infirmities and the distance 
from the place, I hope you will e.xcuse me and 
take the business upon yourself. Let us live as 
brethren, and let no little thing break our 
friendship, that we may die in peace and reign 
with Christ in that world where sin, sorrow 
and Death shall disturb no more. H the widow 
agree to take a certain sum and give a quit- 
tance, I should be glad, but you will consult her 
and adopt the best plan." Dated Enfield, March 
22, 1817. and signed Lewis Gilbert. The widow 
Sarah declined to administer, April 17, 1817. 
Her dower was set ofT April 4, 1817, and the 
document had the signed approval of Timothy 
(iiliiert: Jonathan Webb was administrator. 
The judge of probate signed a decree October 
26, 181Q, ordering the residue of Lemuel's 
property divided among his six brothers and 
sisters. Unfortunately the names are not given. 
But Lewis sold to Increase Gilbert his share in 
the estate. May 12, 1819. Increase lived at 
Leveratt, Massachusetts. Some of the children, 
therefore, were: i. Timothy, mentioned below. 
2. Lemuel, born 1749 : lived in Hardwick ; mar- 
ried, February 15, 1768, Bethia Grover, at Nor- 
ton ; served in the revolution, as sergeant in 
Captain Macy William's company, 1775; died 
March 9, 1817. 3. Lewis, born April 4, 1754. 
4. Increase. The others were daughters : 
Eunice, born May 27, 1765: died February, 
1847, the \\ife of Daniel Shaw; and Mehit- 

(\'I) Timothy (2), son of Timothy (i) 
Gilbert, was born in Easton, January 25, 1747! 
died at Hardwick, December 11, 1825. He 
was a soldier in the revolution, in Captain 

Macy William's company, 1775, and in Captain 
James Perry's company, Sixteenth Regiment, 

1776. He deeded land in Hardwick to Will- 
iam Orkes. This land had been conveyed to 
him by deed of Seth Gilbert, November 21, 

1777. Seth also deeded land in the west part 
of Hardwick to Timothy, June 7, 1785. Timo- 
thy gave some of the Hardwick land to his son 
Joseph by deed dated August 14, 1808. Timo- 
thy's will was dated April 22, 1817, and filed 
January 3, 1826. He Ijequeathed to children, 
Timothy. Charles, Lemuel, William, Joseph 
(deceased); grandchildren Fanny, Jonathan 
and William Collins, children of his daughter 
Patty ; the heirs of Seth I'ebbles by his wife 
Rhoda ; children of daughter Polly by Ebenezer 
Collins ; all his Greenwich property to his son 
John and some in Hardwick. He disposed of 
what he was to receive from the estate of his 
brother Lemuel, mentioned above. He married, 
.\pril. 1771. Martha Rogers, born at Willing- 
ton, Connecticut, March 7, 1747, died at Hard- 
wick, January 30, 1824. He died February i, 
1825. Children, born in Hardwick: i. Timo- 
thy, March 13, 1772; mentioned below. 2. 
Charles, .\pril 6, 1773; married (intentions 
dated I-'ebruary 25, 1790) Lydia Warner. 3. 
J(i.sei)h, May i, 1774. 4- Patty, February 20, 
1771); married, June 21, 1798, Gamaliel Collins. 
5. Rhoda, .\prii 12, 1778; married, September 
2^. 1803, Seth Pebbles, of (Greenwich. 6. Polly, 
February 13, 1780; married (intentions dated 
September 28, 1800) Ebenezer Collins. 7. Me- 
hitable, .\ugust 7, 1781. 8. Lemuel, August I, 
1783. 9. .\bner, March 20, 1785. 10. William, 
January 14, 1787. 11. Jason, January 19, 1789. 
12. John, .\pril 11, 1792; selectman of Hard- 
wick; removed to Prescott, Massachusetts, and 
died there April 4, 1862; married. May 26, 
i8i6, Fanny Cummings. 

(VII) Timothy (3), son of Timothy (2) 
Gilbert, was born in Hardwick, March 13, 
1772 ; died May 24, 1838. He removed to En- 
field, Massachusetts. He married, September 
22. 1794. I'ear Shaw, born July 3, 1768, died 
January 14, 1852, a descendant of John Al- 
den. Children:!. Mary, born May 22, 1795: 
died June 12, 1870; married, December 13, 
1 8 19, Increase Gilbert. 2. Timothy, born 
January 5, 1797 ; died July 19, 1865 ; married 
(first), December i. 1825, Mary Weatherby ; 
(.second) .Mice Davis, of Buxton, Maine, 3. 
.\sahel, born November 27, 1798; died De- 
cember 2, 1870; married, December 2, 1827, 
Charlotte Thorndyke. 4. Eunice, born Janu- 
ary 29. 1801 : died March 17, 1892; married. 



Henr_v Safford. 5. Lemuel, born February 
10, 1804, died February 27, 1864; married, 
September 23, 1829, Louisa Levenseller. 6. 
Adelia, born November 23, 1810, died April 
30, 1890: married, January, 1850, Ransom 
Dickinson. 7. William Shaw, mentioned be- 
low. Timothy and Lemuel Gilbert were cele- 
brated piano manufacturers. 

(Vni) William Shaw, son of Timothy (3) 
Gilbert, was born in Enfield, Massachusetts, 
May 24, 1813, died May 10, 1884. He was 
educated in the public schools, and later en- 
gaged in business. He was a member of the 
Congregational church, and in politics a Re- 
publican. He married (first) May 26, 1839, 
Emily, daughter of Cyrus Cowles, of Had- 
ley, Massachusetts; she died October i, 1840, 
aged twenty-two years. He married (sec- 
ond) December 23, 1841, Martha Cummings, 
born October 5, 1807, died April 25, 1894, 
daughter of John G. Cummings ; she was a 
resident of Warren. Child by first wife : Tim- 
othy Warren, mentioned below. Children 
of second wife: i. Emily Maria, born De- 
cember 9. 1842 ; married, April 19, 1865, Giles 
Blodgett, of Warren : he died July 6, 1895, 
leaving three children : i. Emma Marie, born 
January 26, 1866: ii. Edith Frances, born 
Julv 8, 1875 : iii. Ralph Gilbert, born March 
23, 1882. 2. Mary Louisa, born November 
17, 1846, died June 5, 1908. 

(IX) Timothy Warren, son of William 
Shaw Gilbert, was born at Enfield, March 20, 
1840. W'hen he was twelve years old his 
father moved to the adjacent town of War- 
ren, Massachusetts, and he attended school 
there as well as in his native town. As a boy 
he was attracted to a sailor's life, and ran 
awav in order to gratify his desire to go to 
sea. He was seventeen years old when he 
came home. He attended school at Sunderland 
the following winter, and then learned the 
painter's trade at Warren. He came to 
Springfield as a journeyman painter, and 
worked about seven years for the firm of T. 
M. Walker & Company. Li 1870 he engaged 
in business as a painter and decorator on his 
own account under the name of T. W. Gil- 
bert, and has continued with uninterrupted 
success to the present time. He is the oldest 
man in this line of business in Springfield. 
He stands high in the esteem of his towns- 
men. He is a member of Hampden Lodge 
of Free Masons : the Springfield Board of 
Trade : Winthrop Club, and the Springfield 
Auto Club. He is a prominent member of 
the Baptist church. In the civil war he en- 

listed in the Thirteenth Heav\ Artillery for 
three years in 1863, and served until the end 
of the war. He is a member of Wilcox Post, 
Grand Army of the Republic. He married, 
January 10, 1868, Jennie F. Cobleigh, daugh- 
ter of Rufus N. and Mary E. (^Gleason) Cob- 
leigh, of Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts. 
They had one child, Alice, died in infancy. 

Oliver Hall, immigrant ancestor, 
HALL came from England and settled 

in Brookline, New Hampshire. 
He was a soldier in the revolution. He had 
sons: I. Uriah, lived in Patroons Manor, Al- 
bany, New York, and was engaged in the ice 
business. 2. Oliver, mentioned below. 

(II) Oliver (2), son of Oliver (i) Hall, was 
born April 7, 1776. He married, November 

11, 1800, Rebecca Spaulding, born May 31, 
1779, daughter of Daniel Spaulding. (See 
Spaulding, \T). She died September 18, 
1828. He married (second) July 7, 1831, 
Louise Edmands, born July 15, 1798, died 
August 4, 1850. He died July 17, 1850. Chil- 
dren of first wife: i. Oliver, born February 
2, 1802, mentioned below. 2. Benjamin, 
September 4. 1803. 3. Ozias, January 6, 
1805. 4- Amaziah. June 15,- 1807. 5. Son, 
born and died January 18, 1809. 6. Almenia, 
born May 16, 1810. 7. Adaline, June 15, 
1814. 8. Livona, May 31, 1817, died May 4, 
1818. 9. Rosilla, September 14, 1821. 10. 
Marinda, October 31, 1823. Children of sec- 
ond wife: II. Elizabeth, February 3, 1833. 

12. Rosella, May 5, 1834. 13. Louis, No- 
vember 8, 1835. 14- John, August 4, 1837. 
15. Child, February 5, 1839. 16. Child, Au- 
gust 16, 1840. 

(III) Oliver (3), son of Oliver (2) Hall, 
was born in Brookline, February 2, 1802. 
His parents removed to Bradford. New 
Hampshire, when he was an infant. He was 
educated there in the public schools. A few 
years after his marriage he came to Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, where he was em- 
ployed by Eliphalet Davis, the well-known 
soap manufacturer, for many years. He mar- 
ried Jane S. Brown, who was descended from 
President John Ouincy Adams through his 
mother, Sally (.\dams) Brown. Children : 
I. Angeline, born October 16, 1827; mar- 
ried Daniel Lewis ; had no children. 2. Sam- 
uel M., December 20, 1830; married (first) 
Anna Ross, of Portland : (second) Eliza Gib- 
bons, of Connecticut: children of first wife: 
Henry ; Walter ; Edwin Franklin (died Sep- 
tember 7, 1908, had two children) : Jennie 



M. ; George W. 3. Adaline, October 12, 
1831 ; married William A. Johnson, of Lunen- 
burg, Massachusetts, a cousin of President 
James A. Garfield ; had no children. 4. Jack- 
son E., October 8, 1833; married Lizzie T. 
Tilden, of Portland; children: Henry, Fan- 
nie, Winnie and Etta ; married (second) Ag- 
nes Davis ; four children ; married (third) 
Charlotte Loomis, of Pennsylvania, and had 
no children; (fourth) Mrs. Buck. 5. William 
Van Buren, November 29, 1835 ; married 
Sarah Sleeper, of Portland, and had thirteen 
children. 6. George, 1838, died young. 7. 
Abbie Bryant, January 19, 1841, died Sep- 
tember 26, 1909; she was a well known resi- 
dent of Cambridge, and a member of Old 
South Chapter, Daughters American Revo- 
lution ; married Melvin B. Ricker, of Somer- 
ville ; no children. 8. Edwin Adams, March 
12, 1846; unmarried; was janitor of Horti- 
cultural Hall, Boston, fourteen years ; he is 
now engaged in farming at Lunenburg, Mas- 
sachusetts ; he is a life member of Cambridge 
Chapter, Sons of American Revolution, also 
member of Boston Janitors' Mutual Benefit 

(The Spaulding Line; .see Edward Spaulding 1). 

(I\') Jacob Spaulding, son of Andrew 
Spaulding, was born in Chelmsford, Massa- 
chusetts. September 6, 1703, died March 4, 
1776. He lived in Chelmsford, and all his 
children were born there. He married, in 
1726, Susanna Pierce, born November 15, 
1705, died August 10, 1787. Children: i. Ja- 
cob, May 3. 1727. 2. Eleazer, November 12, 
1728, mentioned below. 3. Susanna, Septem- 
ber 28, 1730. 4. Rachel, June 22, 1732. 5. 
Abigail, August 31, 1735. 6. Joseph, May i, 
1737. 7. Joanna, March 29, 1739. 8. Benja- 
min, January 6, 1741. 9. Sybil, January 19, 
1743. 10. Olive, August 14, 1745. H- Jesse, 
September 14, 1747. 

(V) Eleazer, son of Jacob Spaulding, was 
born in Chelmsford, November 12, 1728, died 
in Townsend, November i, 1812. He was in 
the revolution and marched to Cambridge on 
the Lexington alarm, in 1775, and also entered 
the service June 23, 1775, and served as first 
lieutenant in Captain Joshua Parker's com- 
pany. He afterwards put in a petition asking 
for compen.sation for a gun lost at the battle 
of Bunker Hill. He married, October 30, 
1753, Elizabeth Proctor, who died October 12, 
1804. daughter of Daniel Proctor, of Chelms- 
ford. .\ private record says her name was 
Sybil. He settled in Townsend about 1753, 

and lived there the remainder of his life. Chil- 
dren born in Townsend: i. Daniel, August 13, 
1754, mentioned below. 2. Elizabeth, June 18, 
1756. 3. Thaddeus, June i, 1758. 4. Beza- 
leel, August 3, 1760. 5. Esther, November 12, 
1762. 6. Eleazer, August 23, 1764. 7. Sybil, 
March 3, 1767. 8. Jesse, September 5, 1769. 
9. Gains, October 14. 1771. 10. Luther, Oc- 
tober 16. 1774. 

(W ) Daniel, son of Eleazer Spaulding, was 
born in Townsend, Massachusetts, August 13, 
1754, and resided in Erookline, New Hamp- 
shire. He married, March 16, 1778. Rebecca 
Osgood, of Brookline. He was a soldier in 
the revolution in the company of Captain Far- 
well, of Milford, New Hampshire. Children : 
I. Rebecca, born May 31, 1779, married Oli- 
ver Hall. (See Hall, H). 2. Sally, married 
Sewell Wetherbee. 3. Betsey, married Dan- 
iel Gassett. 4. Daniel. 5. Benjamin, born 
March 22. 1803, in Farmington, Maine, died 
December 3, 1839, in Madison, Maine; mar- 
ried r^lary McLaughlin, of Stark, Maine, Oc- 
tober 23, 1826: she was born September 3, 
1805; children: i. Mahlon Day, born August 
18, 1827, at Anson, Maine ; ii. Franklin, born 
June 13, 1829, died March 2, 1832; iii. John 
Perrin, born July 10, 1832, at Stark; iv. Jus- 
tin, born February 27, 1838, in Madison, now 
resides in Chicopee, Massachusetts ; married 
Sarah Elizabeth Cooley, of Springfield. 

This line is said to come froniRicli- 
H.\LL ard. and later from Obadiah, Oba- 

diah (2), Obadiah (3), and Jo- 

(I) Joseph, eldest son of Obadiah and Han- 
nah Hall, was born in Northfield, New Hamp- 
shire, June 15, 1813, died June 30. 1872. He 
was a gun-maker in Laconia and Manchester 
during the civil war. He married Maria Brad- 
bury Parker, born April 3, 1813. Children: 
Marshall Parker, Joseph Newton and Arthur 

(H) Marshall Parker, eldest son of Joseph 
and Maria Bradbury (Parker) Hall, was born 
August II, 1838, in Guilford, now Laconia, 
New Hampshire, died in Manchester, Febru- 
ary 12, 1896. He was educated in the public 
schools of his native town and at Guilford 
Academy. On leaving school he served an ap- 
prenticeship of three years in the office of the 
Bclknaf Gazette at Laconia. subsequently 
working in the offices of the Manchester Dem- 
ocrat, bailv American. Nezv Haiiif'slnre Jour- 
nal of Medicine and various job printing offi- 
ces in Manchester from 1856 to 1858. He 



taught school in Scioto county, Ohio, from 
1858 to 1861, and printed the Nezv Hampshire 
Journal of Agriculture from 1861 to 1862, 
when his connection with the printing business 
ceased. At a meeting and banquet of the Press 
Association, held at Concord, January 19, 
1885, Mr. Hall, in a speech incidentally men- 
tioned that he employed the first women com- 
positors in the city of Manchester in 1861. 
From 1863 to 1865 he was city librarian, hold- 
ing the office three years. In the latter year 
he entered the counting room of the Amoskeag 
Manufacturing Company, where he was em- 
ployed until his death. He was the chief clerk 
and the oldest employed there in point of ser- 
vice with one exception. He bore the distinc- 
tion of having served the longest period upon 
the school committee of any member in that 
branch of the city government, his connection 
with the board extending over a period of 
twenty-five years, during a portion of which 
time he honorably filled the position of clerk 
and from 1890 that of chairman of the board. 
He was elected to his first term in the school 
committee in 1868 and served continuously on 
the board until his death with the exception of 
three years. 

At the time of Mr. Hall's death Superin- 
tendent Buck of the city schools said of him : 
"He has ever been foremost in very progres- 
sive movement for the good of our schools, 
notably in organizing and establishing the city 
training school for teachers, the evening me- 
chanical and architectural drawing school, and 
the manual training school ; in securing the ap- 
pointment of a truant officer, in making revi- 
sions of the course of study and the rules and 
regulations of the board, and in a plan for util- 
izing the city library by the public schools. To 
the accomplishment of these things, he has de- 
voted his best thoughts and utilized many 
I hours of his time. Mr. Hall was twice a mem- 
ber of our state constitutional conventions, and 
author of that amendment to the constitution 
(of 1876) which forever provides that no pub- 
lic funds shall be used for the support of de- 
nominational or sectarian schools. He had 
been a public school teacher. He well under- 
stood and highly appreciated the teacher's 
work ; and he was ever kind, considerate and 
liberal in his treatment of the fraternity. He 
was unusually well-informed by extensive 
reading upon all subjects. He might prop- 
erly be regarded as an expert account- 
ant, because of his practical experience 
as well as an accountant and his broad 
and extended studv of the whole sub- 

ject. He has left in manuscript a work in 
three parts, entitled, "Money, Accounts and 
Bookkeeping," designed especially for use in 
public schools, and it can safely be predicted 
that this work will be found exceptionally 
good, simple, direct, practical — like his way of 
doing all things. This book was subsequently 
issued by the publishing house of Silver Bur- 
dett & Company. In the death of Mr. Hall, the 
schools of this city have lost the services of a 
deeply interested, warm and very helpful 
friend ; and the community, the presence and 
example of a high type of the Christian gen- 
tleman ; but his influence for all that is good 
and noble will long abide. He was a promi- 
nent member of the Franklin Street Congre- 
gational Church, which he joined in May, 

1864, a devotee of art, and president of the 
Manchester Art Association, and in politics he 
was a Republican. March 6, 1896, the school 
board by a rising vote unanimously adopted 
the following resolutions : "Resolved, That in 
the death of Marshall P. Hall, the school com- 
mittee of Manchester, loses the valuable ser- 
vices of a man of marked ability, of exalted 
character, and of cheerful and constant devo- 
tion to the performance of all the duties that 
devolved upon him as a member of this board ; 
that the public schools of the city lose an active 
and faithful friend who was always interested 
in every movement which looked to their great- 
est efficiency and a higher standard of excel- 
lence ; and that the city itself suffers the irre- 
parable loss of a respected and honorable citi- 
zen. Resolved, that a copy of these resolu- 
tions be spread upon the records of the Man- 
chester School Board, that they be published 
in the city papers, and that a copy be sent to 
the family of our dear brother." 

Marshall P. Hall married in JManchester, 
New Hampshire, December 29, 1862, Susan 
Maria, born in Tamworth, New Hampshire, 
October 16, 1833. daughter of Moses and Ja- 
cintha (Mason) James, of Tamworth. Chil- 
dren: Newton Marshall, January 10, 1865; 
Herbert James, born in Manchester, New 
Hampshire. March 12, 1870, a resident of 
Marblehead, Massachusetts ; Irving Mason, 
May 10, 1876, died in infancy. 

(Ill) Rev. Dr. Newton Marshall, eldest 
child of Marshall P. and Susan M. (James) 
Hall, was born in Manchester, January 10. 

1865. He attended the public schools of 
Manchester and graduated from the high 
school in 1883. Entering Dartmouth College, 
he completed the course there and took the 
degree of A. B. in 1888, and A. :\I. in 1891. 



He graduated from Andover Theological 
Seminary with the degree of B. D. in 1891, 
and in iyo8 received the degree of D. D. 
from Dartmouth College. From 1891 to 
1893 he taught English literature in Iowa 
College, Grinnell, Iowa. In 1894 he became 
pastor of the First Presbyterian Church at 
Oneonta, New York, where he continued un- 
til 1899. In that year he accepted the pas- 
torate of the North Congregational Church 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, which he has 
now filled for more than ten years. He is a 
man of very active mind and a prolific writer. 
He is the author of the following named 
books: "Critical Study of the Bible", pub- 
lished by the Quaker Hill Conference, 1891 ; 
"The Bible Story", published in five volumes 
by King, Richardson and Company, 1896; 
"Adult Classes and How to Conduct Them" ; 
"Biblical Dramas"; "The Early Days of Is- 
rael" :- "The Days of the Kings of Israel", 
ptiblished by the Pilgrim Press. Dr. Hall 
has been president of the Connecticut Valley 
Congregational Club ; is now president of 
the Springfield Ministers' .Association and of 
the Reality Club ; member of the Country 
Club, the Theta Delta Chi Society; chaplain 
of George Washington Chapter of the Sons 
of the American Revolution, of which he was 
president for two terms. Newton M. Hall 
married in North Berwick, Maine, August 
20, 1891, Louise Buffum, daughter of Isaac 
and Phebe (Buffum) Barney, of North Ber- 
wick, Maine. They have one child, Louise 
IMarshall, born June 19, 1898. 

John Deane, immigrant ances- 
DEANE tor, was born in 1600, in Eng- 
land and died April 25, 1660. 
His will was proved June 7. 1660. He set- 
tled in Taunton, Massachusetts, and was ad- 
mitted a freeman of Plymouth colony Decem- 
ber 4, 1638. His wife Alice survived him and 
was living in 1668. Children: I. John, men- 
tioned below. 2. Thomas, married, January 
5, 1669, Katherine Stephens. 3. Israel, lieu- 
tenant in King Philip's war ; died 1677. 4. 
Issac, of Taunton; married. January 24, 1677. 
Hannah Leonard. 5. Nathaniel, died s. p.. 
1666-67. 6. Elizabeth, born about 1650; died 
1734; married Josiah Edson. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Deane, 
was born about 1637, and died at Taunton, 
February 18, 1677. He resided at Taunton, 
and tradition says that he was the first white 
child born in Taunton. He is buried on Sum- 
mer street, Taunton. He married, November 

7, 1663, Sarah, daughter of Deacon Samuel 
Edson, of Bridgewater, who probably sur- 
vived him. Children: i. Samuel, mentioned 
below. 2. Sarah, born November 9, 1668; 
married Major Jonathan Howard. 3. John, 
born July 26, 1670; died August 6, 1670. 4. 
Alehitable, born October 9, 1671 ; married Jo- 
seph Wilbore. 5. John, born September 18, 
1674: died July 31. 1724. 6. Elizabeth, born 
]\Iarch 15, 1676; died unmarried, March 15, 
1749. 7. ]Mary, born July 15, 1680; married 
Seth \\'illiams. 8. Susanna, born August 13, 
1683; died unmarried, 1716. 9. Israel, born 
August 4, 1685; married Katherine Bird. 

( III) Samuel, son of John (2) Deane, was 
born January 24, 1666-67, and died October 
I, 1731. He settled in Taunton, and was dea- 
con of the church there. He married Sarah 

. who survived him and died "before 

midnight" October 15, 1741, in her seventy- 
fourth vear. Children: i. Sarah, born Oc- 
tober 15. 1694; died young. 2. Bethiah, born 
January 7, 1697; died October 12. 1778; mar- 
ried Sanniel Clapp. 3. Samuel, born October 
17. 1700: married Mary Avery, Rachel 
Dwight, and ]\Iargaret King. 4. William, 
mentioned below. 5. Nathan, died July 11, 
1741 ; married Elizabeth Nicholson. 6. Isaac, 
died .April-27, 1734; unmarried, in his twenty- 
eighth year. 

CIV) William, son of Samuel Deane, was 
born August 19. 1702. and died October 26, 
1773. He married Esther Avery, born .A^u- 
gust 7, 1704, died May 9. 1773. daughter of 
William Avery. He built a house in Mans- 
field (then Norton and originally Taunton) 
and at last accounts it was still standing and 
occupied. He was at Alansfield some time be- 
fore he removed his wife and family thither, 
and one of his letters written while he was pre- 
paring the homestead is extant. He moved 
his wife and goods to his new home on a 
hand-sled. A pair of spectatcles made for 
him in 1749 is preserved by descendants. He 
was a farmer and useful citizen. Children: 
I. Isaac, born May 8. 1734. 2. William, De- 
cember 7, 1736. 3. Esther, September 19, 
1738. 4. John, March 21. 1739-40; mentioned 
beiow. 3. May, born October 31. 1741. 6. 
May, Mav 11, 1743. 7. Margaret, March 16, 

1745-46. ' 

(V) John (3), son of William Deane, 
(sometimes spelled Dean), was born in Nor- 
ton, March 21. 1739-40. He was a soldier 
in the revolution, from Mansfield. Massachu- 
setts, ensign in Captain Abel Clapp's 
company. Colonel John Daggett's regi- 



ment. in April, 1775; also first lieu- 
tenant in Captain Abel Clapp's com- 
pany (third), Colonel John Daggett's regi- 
ment (Fourth Bristol county), 1776, serving 
in the Rhode Island campaign; also in Cap- 
tain Josiah Keith's company, Colonel Dag- 
gett's regiment, in Rhode Island, 1778, and in 
Captain Isaac Hodge's company. Colonel 
John Hathaway's regiment, at Little Comp- 
ton, Rhode Island, 1779. He was captain of 
the Third company, (Colonel Dean's ( Fourth 
Bristol county) regiment, and in Colonel Isaac 
Dean's regiment in the Rhode Island cam- 
paigns in 1780. He was a farmer in ]\Ians- 
field and a prominent citizen. He married at 
Norton, September 19, 1769. Children, born 
at Alansfield: i. Rev. Samuel, of .Scituate, 
Massachusetts ; graduate of Brown Univer- 
sity, 1805; died August 9, 1834, aged fifty: 
pastor of Second Church of Scituate twenty- 
four years ; married Stella Washburn, daugh- 
ter of Hon. Seth, of Raynham ; an authority 
on colonial history, author of "History of 
Scituate". 2. Jacob, lived in house built by his 
father ; married ]\Iehitable Reed. 3. John, 
mentioned below. 

(VI) John (4). Deane, son of John (3) 
Deane, was born in Mansfield, June 4, 1774, 
and died at Norton January 7, 1841. He was 
of Mansfield when he married, April 4, 181 1, 
Elizabeth Carpenter, born ]\Iarch 9, 1785, died 
March 18, 1832. He settled at Norton. Chil- 
dren, born at Norton: i. John Jr., February 
28, 181 1 : of Dedham, master of transportation 
of Taunton branch railroad. 2. Maria, born 
October 25, 1813. 3. Isaac, March 28, 1815. 
4. Elizabeth. December 23, 1816, 5. Oliver, 
June II, 1818: mentioned below. 6. Pliny, 
November 17, 1819. 7. Calvin. February 17, 
1821, 8. Cornelia, October 10, 1822. 9. La- 
prelate, .\pril 9. 1824. 

(\'II) Oliver, son of John (4) Dean (or 
Deane), was born at Norton. June 11. 1818. 
He was educated in the public schools. He 
located in Canton, Massachusetts, where he 
bought a coal and ice business which he con- 
ducted until his death, and was numbered 
among the leading and most ]5rogressive and 
successful merchants of the town. He was 
interested in town afifairs but never sought or 
accepted public office. In politics he was a 
Republican, in religion a I'nitarian. He mar- 
ried, at Norton, January 21, 1844, Eliza Hunt, 
born 1821, died ^larch jt,. 1907, daughter of 
Oliver Hunt. 

(VIII) Edgar Hunt, only child of Oliver 
Deane. was born October 22. 1846, at Canton, 

and was educated there in the public schools.- 
He was associated from youth with his father 
in the coal and ice business, and succeeded to 
his father's large property and business inter- 
ests. Under his ownership and management 
the business has continued to grow and flour- 
ish. Mr. Deane is one of the leading business 
men of this section, upright in his dealings, of 
sound judgment and large influence in the 
community. He lends his aid, influence, time 
and money freely in the public interests, but 
has declined public office and honors. He is a 
member of no secret orders or clubs, and de- 
votes his time almost wholly to his business 
and domestic afifairs. He married, October 12, 
1873. .\bbie Mayhew ( Mereen ) Flynn, born at 
Whitneyville, Maine, June 17, 1849, daughter 
of John and Lucy Ann (Alayhew) Mereen. 
Her father was of French descent, the sur- 
name Morin, having been anglicized to Me- 
reen, and was born in 1805, at Kennebec, 
Maine, died in 181)3, at the age of eighty-eight 
years. Her mother, Lucy .\nn Mayhew, born 
1819, at East Machias. Maine, died 1862, at 
\\'hitneyville, Maine, was of an old New Eng- 
land family : children : Lorenzo Mereen : Hel- 
en ^lereen, married Jerome Berry: Abbie 
Mayhew Mereen, mentioned above; Augusta 
;\Iereen, married Edward Getchell : Orin 
Mereen: .\rno IVIereen. Mr. Mereen kept a 
small store and dealt in lumber. His father, 
John Alereen, was a resident of Bath, Maine, 
and died there ; married Rebecca Chandler. 
.\bbie Mayhew Mereen married ("first) Charles 
Flynn, born October 23, 1840, at Searsport, 
Maine, died in 1872, in Colorado. They had 
one child, Mereen Chester Flynn, born Octo- 
ber 23, 1870, at Sauk Rapids, legally adopted 
by her second husband. 

Children of Edgar H. and Abbie M. Deane: 
1-2. Eliza Bell and Oliver Lewis (twins) born 
January 26, 1883, at Dedham: Eliza Bell mar- 
ried July 15, lips, Harold Randolph Webb, 
M. E)., of Arlington, Massachusetts: child, 
Frank W. Webb, born April 26, 1909. Oliver 
Lewis died at the age of six months. 

This surname is derived, 
NICKERSON as are the names Nichol- 
son, Nickson, Nixon, etc., 
from the christian name Nicholas. The fam- 
ily is very numerous on Cape Cod, and nearly 
ail, if not all, persons of the name of Nicker- 
son are descended from the immigrant an- 
cestor mentioned below. 

(I) \\'illiam Nickerson, immigrant ances- 
tor, a weaver by trade, was born in England 



in 1604, and came from Norwich, England, 
in April, 1637, with his wife Anne and four 
children, sailing in the ship "John and Doro- 
thy," April 5, and landing in Boston June 20. 
He went to Watertown, Massachusetts, where 
he was admitted a freeman. May 2, 1638. Re- 
moving to Yarmouth about 1646, he was rep- 
resentative from that town to the general 
court of Plymouth Colony in 1655. He 
bought lands of the Indians at Manamoiet 
(Chatham) before December i, 1663, settled 
there soon after, and passed the remainder of 
his life in that place, dying about 1690. His 
sons-in-law, Robert Eldred (Eldridge), Tris- 
tram Hedges and Nathaniel Covell, were in 
court with him October 31, 1666, on account 
of a letter he had written alleged to be de- 
faming Governor Hinckley. In those days 
freedom of speech was not a reality in the 
colonies. As his lands were purchased with- 
out the persmission of the authorities of Ply- 
mouth Colony he was engaged in long litiga- 
tion, but finally he was allowed his lands. He 
married Ann, eldest daughter of Nicholas and 
Bridget Busby, of Norwich, who came over 
in the same ship as the Nickersons. Ann was 
born about 1609 ; she received a legacy from 
her father in 1660. Children: i. Nicholas, 
mentioned below. 2. Robert. 3. Elizabeth, 
married, October, 1649, Robert Eldred. 4. 
Ann, married, October, 1657, "Trustrum" 
Hedges. 3. -Samuel. 6. John. 7. William. 
8. Sarah, married, about 1662, Nathaniel 
Covell. 9. Joseph. 

(II) Nicholas, son of William Nickerson, 
was born in England about 1630. He settled 
permanently in Yarmouth, dying there March 
26, 1681-82. He married Mary, probably 
daughter of John Derbe (Derby) one of the 
earliest settlers of Cape Cod. Children: i. 
Hester, born October, 1656 ; married Jonathan 
White, son of Peregrine, of Marshfield, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1682-83. 2. \^'illiam, January 12, 
1658. 3. Elizabeth, December, 1662 (single 
in May, 1706). 4. John, September 10, 1664; 
married Elizabeth Baker, of Yarmouth, Au- 
gust 14, 1696. 5. Mary, July 6, 1668; mar- 
ried Simon Crosby, of Harwich, August 27, 
1 69 1. 6. Sarah, May i, 1674; married John 
Burgess, of Yarmouth, about 1694. 7. Pa- 
tience, April 3, 1682 (single in May, 1706). 

(III) William (2), eldest son of Nicholas 
Nickerson, was born January 12, 1658. He 
was a "soldier of Yarmouth, Fourth Expedi- 
tion," 1675-76. He lived in Eastham till about 
1696, then removed to Harwich. His wife, 
whom he married at Eastham, January 22, 

1690, was Mary, daughter of Mark and Jane 
(Prence) Snow. Her ancestors included Gov- 
ernor Thomas Prence ( Prince ) and Stephen 
Hopkins of "Mayflower" fame. Children: i. 
Mercy, born March 17, 1691-92; married Jo- 
seph Johnson, April i, 1714. 2. Nicholas, 
March 19, 1694-95. 3. Ebenezer, June 13, 
1697. 4. Jane, April 6, 1699; married Judah 
Baker, of Yarmouth, June 18, 1724. 5. 
Mary, August 13, 1701 ; married James Hard- 
in, October 8, 1724. 6. Thankful, July 26, 
1705; married Benjamin Burgess, June 15, 

(IV) Ebenezer, son of William (2) Nick- 
erson, was born in Harwich, April 6, 1697. 
He married, October 13, 1726, Elizabeth Ma- 
yo, great-granddaughter of the Rev. John Ma- 
yo, the first minister of the Second Church in 
Boston, and a descendant of Major John Free- 
man, Governor Prence and Elder Brewster. 
They lived in that part of Harwich which in 
1823 became the town of Brewster. He and his 
wife were admitted to the church March 24, 
1727-28. He moved to Provincetown where 
tradition says he had the fourth house built ; 
died there February 15, 1768. Children: i. 
Mary, born August 3, 1727; died young. 2. 
Hannah, baptized November 17, 1728. 3. 
Mary, baptized July 19, 1730. 4. Elizabeth, 
baptized August 13, 1732. 5. Seth, born Oc- 
tober 21, 1737. 6. Nathan, born November 

25. 1739- 

(V) Seth, son of Ebenezer Nickerson, was 
born in Harwich, October 21, 1737, and bap- 
tized two days later. Most of his life was 
passed in Provincetown. He married March 
19, 1761, Mary Smith, of Chatham, a descend- 
ant of "Mayflower" stock. He married ( sec- 
ond) Isabel (Eldridge) Dyer. He had sixteen 
children ; eight by each wife. The fourth child 
and second son was Ebenezer. 

(VI) Ebenezer (2), son of Seth Nickerson, 
was born in Provincetown, August 17, 1768. 
He married (first) Salome Collins, who bore 
him five children, one son and four daughters. 
He married (second) Eudoxa White, daugh- 
ter of Thomas White and Prudence Hayward, 
who lived in Phillipston, Massachusetts, and 
were of I,exington-Concord stock. By her he 
had thirteen children, six sons (the youngest 
named Thomas White) and seven daughters. 
Ebenezer Nickerson was one of the leading 
merchants in Boston of his time, and had ex- 
tensive shipping interests. Freeman's History 
of Cape Cod says of him : "His almost fastid- 
ious candor, truthfulness, and honesty com- 
manded the confidence and respect of all who 



knew him. Perhaps few private citizens were 
more generally known, or indeed, more pro 
verbially esteemed as an upright, honest man, 
throughout New England." 

(VH) Rev. Thomas White, son of Ebene- 
zer (2) Nickerson, was born in Boston, Janu- 
ary 6, 1826. In early life he was a merchant 
in Boston; in later life a clerg>'man of the 
Episcopal church in Massachusetts. He died 
November 14, 1905. He married, January 6, 
1848, Martha Tillinghast, daughter of Stephen 
and :\Iary Smith (Barker) W'estcott, and de- 
scended through Jeremiah, Samuel, Benjamin, 
Captain James and James, from Stukely W'est- 
cott, one of the original proprietors of Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island. Stephen W'estcott was a 
prominent and highly successful merchant in 
Boston. Thomas White Nickerson had six 
children: i. Florence, died young. 2. Ger- 
trude, married Rev. Charles Mcllvaine Nichol- 
son. 3. Archibald Stuart, married Hattie 
Bennett. 4. Stephen W'estcott. 5. Thomas 
White. 6. Philip Tillinghast. married Grace 
Livermore Tobev. 

(VIII) Rev. Thomas White (2), son of 
Rev. Thomas White ( i ) Nickerson, was born 
in Boston, June 25, 1858. He graduated from 
Phillips Academy, Andover, in 1876, and from 
Harvard College in 1880. He then entered 
the General Theological Seminary of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in New York 
City, graduating in 1884, and receiving his B. 
D. degree in 1886. He was ordained deacon, 
June 18, 1884, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
by Bishop Paddock, and ordained priest in 
New York City, May 31, 1885, by Bishop 
Henry C. Potter. From September, 1884, to 
June, 1887, Mr. Nickerson was assistant to 
the rector of Calvary Church, New York, Dr. 
Henry Y. Satterlee, later bishop of Washing- 
ton. From June, 1887, to June, 1895, he was 
rector of St. Paul's, Paterson, New Jersey, 
antl this initial charge developed a capacity 
for large service. He early established a mis- 
sion (now St. Luke's), and after his congre- 
gation grew to unwieldy proportions, divided 
the parish, thus founding the present St. 
Mark's Church. During his ministry a new 
church "^ite was mirchased by St. Paul's and 
the initial work generally accomplished which 
resulted in the erection of one of the most 
beautiful church edifices in New Jersey. His 
next charge was the rectorship of the Church 
of the Messiah, Boston, where he remained 
from 1895 to 1898. In the spring of 1900 he 
was secured as rector of St. Stephen's, Pitts- 
field, which he has since served with beneficent 

results to both congregation and community. 
His parish is in a most flourishing condition, 
and a recognized valuable factor in the moral 
uplift of the city. He has taken an especially 
active interest in the local Union for Home 
Work, serving as chairman of its executive 
committee. He is president of the standing 
committee of the Diocese of W'estern Massa- 
chusetts; a member of the Pittsfield Monday 
Evening and Park clubs, of the Colonial Wars . 
and Mayflower societies of Massachusetts, 
and of the Harvard Club of New York. He 
married, January 10, 1888, Mary Louisa Hoff- 
man. Her father was the distinguished dean 
of the General Theological Seminary of New 
York. He has one son, Hoft'man, born De- 
cember 6, 1888; a graduate of St. Mark's 
School, Southborough. now a student at Har- 
vard College. 

The Johnson family settled 
JOHNSON early at Leominster, Worces- 
ter county, Massachusetts. 
Those who have been traced of these first set- 
tlers were descendants of John Johnson, who 
settled as early as 1635 at Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts. He was a proprietor of that town, 
a shoemaker by trade. He bought land in 
1654 in Ipswich, removing later to the ad- 
jacent town of Rowley. He deposed in 1671 
that he was sixty-seven years old. He died 
January 29, 1685-86. 

( I ) Walker Johnson, doubtless a descend- 
ant, was born in Leominster, but removed 
when a young man to Westmoreland, New 
Hampshire. He was a soldier in the war of 
1812. He was killed while at work in a saw 
mill in 1829. He married Philena Pufifer, 
daughter of Benjamin and Sally (White) 
Puffer. (See Puff'er, VI). Children: Lydia, 
Martin, Charles F., Lewis, Sarah, Benjamin 
Walker, mentioned below. 

(II) Benjamin Walker, son of Walker 
Johnson, was born in Westmoreland, New 
Hampshire, December 6, 1828. He was edu- 
cated there in the public schools, and during 
his boyhood worked on his father's farm. He 
came to Hopkinton, Massachusetts, in 1848, 
and found employment in a boot and shoe 
factory. He followed the trade of shoemaker 
there until he retired in 1900. He was a Re- 
publican in politics and for a number of years 
was on the Republican town committee. He 
married, in 1851, Eveline D., daughter of 
Aaron Read. 'She died October 14, 1895. 
Children: i. Mary Elizabeth, born October 
I, 1856. 2. .\aron'L., :\Iarch 19, i860, men- 



tioned below. 3. Ellen B., March 15, 1862. 4. 
Charles, May 6, 1867. 

(III) Aaron L., son of Benjamin Walker 
Johnson, was born Alarch 19, i860, in Hopkin- 
ton. He was educated in the public schools of 
His native town, and began his business career 
as clerk in a drug store. In 1875 he became 
clerk in the office of a coal and lumber firm in 
Hopkinton and continued with the same con- 
cern for a period of twelve years. Then he 
came to (grange, Massachusetts, in 1887, and 
bought a grocery store, which he has con- 
ducted since then with uniform success. He 
served on the board of selectmen in Orange 
and has held other offices of trust and honor. 
In politics a Republican. He married. Febru- 
ary 23, 1888, Sarah L., born October 28, 1866, 
daughter of George W. and Lydia Brown. 
Children, born at Orange: i. Roland W., 
April 22, 1889. 2. Read, October 6, 1893. 3. 
Aaron W., .August 22, 1897. 

(The Puffer Line, see George Puffer 1). 

(IV) William, son of Jabez Pufl:'er, was 
born at Sudbury, February 25, 1720. He mar- 
ried, June 8, 1742, Abigail Treadway, born 
October 5, 1726, daughter of Benjamin Tread- 
way, of Framingham. Her father was a town 
officer from 1749 to 1753, and a farmer. Wil- 
liam Puffer settled in Framingham and died 
there in 1757. Children: i. Jabez, born at 
Sudbury, July 16, 1743, mentioned below. 2. 
Benjamin, Sudbury, August 2, 1746, 3. Mary, 
Framingham, 1747: baptized November 29, 
1747. 4. Thankful, Framingham, June 16, 
1749; married John [Mixer. 

(V) Jabez (2), son of William Puflfer, was 
born at "Sudbury, July 16, 1743. He resided on 
the Amasa Kendall place in Framingham. He 
married Rachel, daughter of Thomas and 
Mary (Treadway) Morse. He removed to 
Dublin, New Hampshire. Children, born at 
Framingham: i. William, March 4, 1764 
(non compos), 2. Benjamin, April 6, 1765, 
mentioned below, 3. Mary, July 22, 1766 
(non compos). 4. Rachel, January 5, 1768. 
5. John, April 26, 1769. 6. Nathan, baptized 
March 3, 1772; married Priscilla Hastings. 
7. Abel, born February 20, 1774 (non com- 
pos). 8. Abigail, January 13, 1776. 9. Jona- 
than, April 27, 1777, died July 25 following. 
10. Comfort, 1779, died November, 1803. 

(\T) Benjamin, son of Jabez (2) Pufifer, 
was born at Framingham, April 6, 1765. He 
went with his father's family to Dublin, New 
Hampshire, about 1772. He settled in West- 
moreland, New Hampshire, but removed to 

Richford, \ ermont, near the Canadian line,, 
about 1813, He died at the home of his eldest 
daughter, Mrs. Nancy Rogers, in Westfield, 
\'ermont, in 1859, He was a farmer. He 
married Sally White, who died in April, 1826. 
Children: i. Martin, born at Westmoreland. 
2. Erasmus, Westmoreland, August 11, 1793. 
died October 22, 1886. 3. Nancy, married 
Rogers and resided in Westfield, Ver- 
mont. 4. Philena, married Walker Johnson 
(see Johnson, I"). 

The name of Gibbs was well 
(jIBBS known in England before the 
emigration of the Puritans to 
America. William Gibbs, of Lenharn, York- 
shire, England, for signal service received a 
grant from the King of England, embracing 
a tract of land four miles square in the centre 
of the town. Tradition says he had three 
sons, the eldest of whom inherited the pa- 
ternal estate and remained thereon ; the 
younger sons learned the ship carpenter's 
traded and on arriving at majority received 
fluids from their elder brother, with which 
they came to Boston, Massachusetts, to es- 
tablish themselves in life. One of these was 
undoubtedly Matthew Gibbs, mentioned be- 
low. One tradition says that one settled on 
the Cape, and the other at Newport, Rhode 

(I) Matthew Gibbs, immigrant ancestor. 
was born in England. He settled in Charles- 
town, [Massachusetts, where he was livmg in 
1650-54. He removed in 1654 to .Sudbury 
and settled at Lanham, where he had a grant 
of land in 1659, and other grants in 1670. In 
1661 he bought of Thomas Reed Sr. one- 
third of a farm granted to Rev. Edmund 
Brown, near Doeskin Hill, and in 1673 and 
1678 he bought more of the same farm. He 
also owned Gookin and How land east of 
Indian Head. He died before 1(397. He mar- 
ried, about 165 1, Mary, daughter of Robert 
Bradish. She was admitted to the Charles- 
town church, September 23, 1652. Children: 
I. Mary, born 1652: married (first) John 
Goodridge ; (second) Thomas Frost Sr. 2. 
Hannah, ■X654; married Samuel Winch. 3. 
Mattlew, about 1655. 4. Thomas, December 
17, 1656. 5- Elizabeth, 1658; married John 
Russell. 6. Thomas, April 10, 1660 ; died 
1688. 7. John, mentioned below. 

(II) Jolin, son of Matthew Gibbs, lived at 
Lanham, and died there .April 2, 1718. He 
married (first) Anna, daughter of Thomas 
Gleason. He married (second) May 31, 1694. 

>C o c^.^1^ \r. A^i^A-ikjt^ 



Sarah Cutler, of Reading. Children: i. 
Thomas, born April 19, 1689, mentioned be- 
low. 2. Mercy or Alary, August 3, 1691 ; 
married, October 15, 1718, at Brooktield, 
James Eakins. 3. John. 4. Nathaniel, mar- 
ried Bathsheba Parmenter. 5. Isaac. 6. 
Sarah, December 6, 1701 ; married Daniel 
Winch. 7. Jacob. 8. Israel, July 11, 1706; 
married Mary Hamilton. 9. Ephraim, died 

(Ill) Thomas, son of John Gibbs, was born 
April 19, 1689. He built a house on the Dane 
or Chase place; removed later to Quabin. 
He settled in Brookfield and married (first) 

Hannah , who died December 19, 1717. 

He married (second) April 13, 1719, Sarah 
W'alcott. Child of first wife: i. Abigail, born 
December 5, 1717, died young, Children of 
second wife : 2. Abraham, born January 16, 
1719-20; married Keziah Atwood. 3. Han- 
nah, September 13, 1722. 4. Isaac, Novem- 
ber 22, 1724. 5. Jacob, April 21, 1727. 6. 
John, May 13, 1729. 7. David, June 9, 1731. 
8. Solomon, September 16, 1736. 9. Jesse, 
January 5, 1738. 10. Joshua, April 18, 1742. 
II. Joseph, mentioned below. 

( I\') Joseph, son or nephew of Thomas 
Gibbs, lived in Brookfield, He married, at 
Southborough, .August 23, 1754, Sarah Bruce. 
Joseph of Brookfield married, June 3, 1762, 
Anna Clark, of Spencer. Joseph of Mendon 
was a soldier in the revolution in Captain 
William Jennison's company on the Lexing- 
ton alarm, .\pril 19, 1775. Children: i. Dan- 
iel, mentioned below. 2. Willard, had son 
W'illard born before 1779, had guardian ap- 
pointed 1793 ; was then of Spencer. Probably 
others, perhaps in Mendon. 

{\ ) Daniel, son of Joseph Gibbs, was born 
probably at Spencer about 1760. He was a 
mo'occo tanner by trade, and settled when a 
young man at Charlestown, Massachusetts. 
Later in life he turned his attention to farm- 
ing. He lived to an advanced age. He mar- 
ried and among his children was John, men- 
tioned below. 

(VI) John, son or nephew of Daniel Gibbs, 
was born about 1780 in Charlestown. He re- 
moved to Thomaston, Knox county, Maine, 
and engaged in farming. Afterward he re- 
moved to Canatla and died there. The widow 
of John Gibbs married a man by name of 
Hadley, of Winterport, and had one child, 
John, whose children still reside at Winterport, 
Maine. Children of John Gibbs: i. Miriam, 
born 1804; married her stepbrother Aaron 
Hadley, and settled at Waldo, Maine. 2. John, 

mentioned below. 3. Amos, born in Rockland, 
Alaine, 1811-12. 

(VH) John (2), son of John (i) Gibbs, 
was born in Thomaston in 1807. He attended 
the public schools there and chose the profes- 
sion of teaching and followed it for nineteen 
years. Afterward he was a builder and contrac- 
tor and built several large mills. He finally 
turned to farming and located at Washington, 
Knox county, Maine, where he died in 1890, 
aged eighty-three years. His wife, Lucy (Jack- 
son) Gibbs, lived to the age of eighty-five. She 
was born in Warren, Maine, January 9, 1806, 
a daughter of William Jackson, whose wid- 
owed mother married a man by name of 
Standish ; she was the daughter of John Ding- 
le)-. John Gibbs was a Republican, and held 
various offices of trust and honor. He was a 
useful citizen and was held in universal re- 
spect. He was liberal in religion, gentle and 
kindly in manner. Children: i. Prentice M., 
born .March 19, 1833, in Warren, Maine. 2. 
Nathaniel, born January 9, 1835, in Union, 
Maine. 3. Omar, born in Washington, Maine, 
November 2~. 1836, died from wounds re- 
ceived in front of Richmond, 1862 ; was lieu- 
tenant colonel in Georgia cavalry. 4. Locero 
J., born July 16, 1844, mentioned below, 5. 
Esther H., born October 14, 1848, died April 
23, 1909 : was the wife of William G. Field, of 
New York City : he died in 1905. 

(VIII) Dr. Locero J., son of John (2) 
Gibbs, was born in Washington, Maine, July 
16, 1844. He attended the public schools of 
his native town and the Westbrook Seminary. 
He enlisted in Company B, Eleventh Maine 
Regiment, at the begining of the civil war and 
was discharged on account of physical disabil- 
ity at the end of his first year of service, in 
April, 1862. But he enlisted again in August 
of that year in Company B, Eighth Regiment, 
and served for three years. He took part in 
many battles and skirmishes and was severely 
wounded at the battle of Cold Harbor, June 4, 
1864, but he recovered in time to take part in 
the last campaign in front of Richmond and 
was present at Lee's surrender in 1865. He 
was mustered out with the rank of sergeant. 
After the war he entered the LTniversity of 
Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1872-73, and gradu- 
ated in the class of 1874 at Dartmouth College 
as M. D. He then studied medicine at the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, and at the 
New York Polyclinic, New York City. He 
paid his own way through college and the pro- 
fessional schools. He began to practice in the 
town of Epping, Rockingham county. New 



Hampshire. After seven years there he re- 
moved to Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts, 
where he has since practiced. He ranks among 
the foremost physicians of the county and has 
■ been eminently successful in his professional 
life. His office is located at 31 Broadway in 
a house built by him for this purpose and for a 
residence. He has been a member of the 
United States examining board for pensions of 
Springfield since 1900, acting as secretary of 
the board. In politics he is a Republican and 
has taken an active part in the duties of citi- 
zenship. He was a member of the school com- 
mittee three years ; selectman of the town two 
terms ; chairman of the local board of health 
for three years : four years member of board 
of aldermen and two years president of board. 
He is a member of Belcher Lodge, Free Ma- 
sons, of Chicopee Falls : past master of North 
Star Lodge, of Ashland, Massachusetts ; 
member of Otis Chapman Post, No. 103, 
Grand Army of the Republic. In religion he is 
a Unitarian. Dr. Gibbs has devoted himself 
exclusively to his profession, but has invested 
from time to time in real estate in Chicopee 
Falls and owned houses on Southwick street 
and other valuable property. 

Dr. Gibbs married (first) in 1879, Cora B. 
McClench, daughter of J. U. and Marian Mc- 
Clench, of Chicopee ; she died at the age of 
thirty-one years, leaving one child, Omar J., 
who died aged seven years. Dr. Gibbs married 
(second). Belle B. Chapin, born at Chicopee, 
daughter of Caleb Strong Chapin, of Chicopee 
Falls and later of Tennessee and Indiana. 

The ancestrv of the Brew- 
BREWSTER ster family in America 

dates froni the life and 
time of Elder William Brewster, the organ- 
izer and head of the Plymouth Pilgrims of 
1620. The name of Brewster appears among 
the old families in the reign of Edward III, 
as ranking among the "English landed gen- 
try". John Brewster was witness to a deed 
in the "parish of Henstead. in Suffolk, in the 
year 1375, and not long after, in the reign of 
Richard II, a John Brewster was presented 
to the rectory of Godwich, in the county of 
Norfolk. This Norfolk branch became con- 
nected bv marriage with the distinguished 
houses of DeNarburgh, Spelman, Gleane, and 
Coke, of Nolkham : and, in the county of Suf- 
folk, Robert Brewster, of Mutford, possessed 
also lands in Henstead, and it is stated that 
William Brewster, of Henstead. and Robert 
Brewster, of Rushmore, died possessed of 

these estates prior to 1482. From this Suf- 
folk connection a branch became established 
at Castle Hedingham, in Essex, and formed 
connection with several knightly families. 
Our William Brewster was probably of this 
connection, but of his immediate ancestry 
and place of birth no record has been discov- 
ered. It is supposed that Scrooby, a Not- 
tinghamshire village, was his birthplace, 
whither he went after leaving a responsible 
position in the service of Mr. William Davi- 
son, who was one of Queen Elizabeth's am- 
bassadors, and afterwards one of her princi- 
pal secretaries of state. 

(I) William Brewster was born about the 
year 1560, and was well educated at Cam- 
bridge, from whence he entered the public 
service as above mentioned. He lived at 
Scrooby some fifteen or twenty years, and 
held the office of post of Scrooby for about 
fourteen vears, occupying the manor house 
pertaiViing to the Archbishop of York, and 
associating with "the good gentlemen of 
those parts." Here was gathered the little 
band that afterwards constituted the Plym- 
outh Pilgrims. Mr. Brewster became a non- 
conformist, and in 1607 was imprisoned at 
Boston, Lincolnshire. He was liberated with 
great expense and difficulty and went to Ley- 
den with a company of sympathizers, and 
sharing their troubles, after losing most of 
his possessions, including valuable and choice 
books, through the treachery of a ship's cap- 
tain who had engaged to transport the com- 
panv from England, he supported himself by 
teaching English, and in 1620 was with them 
on their pilgrimage in the "Mayflower" and 
continued with them as their elder, preach- 
ing frequently, but not administering the sac- 
raments. He was loyal to the home govern- 
ment, and reluctantly accepted the fact that 
his conscientious scruples required his sepa- 
ration from the established church. LTntil his 
death, April 16, 1644, he was the acknowl- 
edged leader of the Plymouth dispensation, 
and was greatly venerated. He had by his 
wife Mary three sons: Jonathan, Love and 
Wrestling : and two daughters ; Patience, 
married Thomas Prince, in 1624, afterwards 
governor of Plymouth ; and Fear, married 
Isaac Allerton, first assistant to the governor. 

(II) Jonathan, eldest son of Elder William 
Brewster, was born at Scrooby in the county 
of Notts, on the road to Doncaster, in York- 
shire, from which it is only twelve or thirteen 
miles distant, in a manor belonging to the 
Archbishop of York, under which h''s grand- 



father was tenant under a long lease. His 
education was nbtained only from his father, 
either in luigland or in the twelve years' 
residence in Holland, where he was left by 
his father to take care of two sisters with his 
own family. He came to Plymouth, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1 62 1, without his sisters. In 
June, 1636. he had command of the Plym- 
outh trading house on the Connecticut river, 
and gave notice to John Winthrop, governor 
of the fort at Savbrook, of the evil designs of 
the Pequots. He removed to Duxbury, which 
in 1639 h^ represented in the general court, 
the earliest assembly of deputies in that col- 
onv. From Duxbury he removed to New 
London, Connecticut, before 1649, where he 
was selectman. In 1656 he formed the de- 
sign of returning with his family to England, 
but remained in New London, where he died 
before September, 1659. By his wife Lu- 
cretia he had William. Mary, Jonathan, Ben- 
jamin, Grace, Ruth, Hannah, and perhaps 

(III) Benjamin, third son of Jonathan and 
Lucretia fr)ldham) Brewster, was born No- 
vember 17, 1633, in Duxbury, died September 
14, 1710, in Norwich, Connecticut, and was 
buried on Brewster Plains. He settled upon 
the homestead of his father at Brewster's 
Neck, which he had acquired by purchase 
from his father and brother-in-law. This 
farm was originally in the town of New Lon- 
don, but the various changes in town bound- 
aries placed it successively in Norwich, Pres- 
ton, Groton and Ledyard. He was much in 
the public service, and served as deputv to 
the general court of Connecticut in 1668-69, 
1690, 1692-93-94-95-96-97, and was a lieuten- 
ant of the New London troop in 1673. and 
captain of the military company of Norwich 
twenty years later. He married, February 
28. t66o, Anne Darte, who may have been the 
widow of Ambrose Darte, of Boston. Am- 
brose Darte's wife was Anne Adis, daughter 
of William Adis. of Cape Ann. Benjamin 
Brewster's wife died May 9. 1709. Children: 
Mary, Anne, Jonathan, Daniel, William, 
Ruth, Benjamin and Elizabeth. 

(IV) Jonathan (2), eldest son of Benja- 
min (i) and Anne Brewster, was born No- 
vember 30, 1664, and resided at Brewster's 
Neck, where he died November 20, 1704. In 
1699 his father deed to him eight hundred and 
ten acres of land, with house and other build- 
ings, comprising the homestead, as his portion 
of the estate, and in consideration of the main- 
tenance of his parents in their old age. Flow- 

ever, both of them survived him. He mar- 
ried, December 18, 1690, Judith Stevens, of 
Norwhich, Connecticut; "Shee being then 20 
ycres of age, wanting seven dayes," probably 
daughter of James and Sarah (Smith) 
Stevens, of Hingham, baptized there Decem- 
ber 22, 1670. Children: Lucretia, Jonathan, 
Joseph, Sarah and Mary. 

(\') Jonathan (3), elder son of Jonathan 
( 2 ) and Judith ( Stevens ) Brewster, was born 
April 21, 1694. in Preston, and lived in that 
town, where he died about 1754. He mar- 
ried (first) Ruth jMorgan, who may have been 
the daughter of Captain John and Ruth 
(Shapley) Morgan, born at Groton, Connecti- 
cut, August 29, 1697. She was also a de- 
scendant of Elder William Brewster, through 
her grandmother, Ruth Brewster, daughter of 
Jonathan and granddaughter of William. He 
married (second) April 29, 1736, Lucy An- 
drews. The first wife was the mother of four 
children: Jonathan, Benjamin, Joanna and 
Simon. The second wife's children were, 
Sarah, Andrew, Judith, Joshua, Ezekiah, Lucy 
and Mary. 

(VI) Jonathan (4), eldest child of Jona- 
than (3) and Ruth (Morgan) Brewster, was 
born November 5, 17 19, in Preston, and died 
at Worthington, Massachusetts, April 13, 
1800. He removed to Worthington in 1777, 
and was a prominent citizen of that town 
through the remainder of his life. He served 
as .selectman in 1778-79-80, in 1784-85-86-87- 
88-89, i" 1790-91-92-93-94-95-96, was town 
clerk in 1784-85, and representative to the gen- 
eral court in 1778-79, 1782-84-85-86-87, 1793- 
94-95. He was also a deacon of the Congrega- 
tional church of Worthington. He married 
at Preston. Connecticut, August 26, 1754, 
Zipporah, daughter of Ephraim and Hannah 
(Witter) Smith, of Stonington, born July 10, 
1735, in Preston, died in Worthington. Janu- 
ary 19, 1795. Children: Elisha, Esther, Jona- 
than, Zipporah, Sarah, Jonah, Moses, Lydia 
and Hannah. The eldest daughter married 
Dr. Ezra Starkweather, of Worthington. The 
second became the wife of Major Joseph 

(\'U) Elisha, eldest child of Jonathan (4) 
and Zipporah (Smith) Brewster, was born 
February 25, 1755, in Preston, died in Worth- 
ington, September 25, 1833. He held various 
otifices of trust in the town of Worthington, 
and was representative to the general court 
in 1806. He served as a soldier in the revolu- 
tionary army, enlisting first in Captain .\bijah 
Powell's com])any of a regiment of Light 



Dragoons for and during the war, and served 
a period of seven years and six months. His 
regiment was exercised in cavalry tactics by 
Count Pulaski, the distinguished Polish dis- 
ciplinarian. At the time of Shay's insurrec- 
tion, he volunteered his services and was ap- 
pointed one of the aids to General Shephard, 
at Springfield in suppressing the uprising. He 
was subsequently employed by the government 
to administer the oath of allegiance to the late 
insurgents. During the revolutionary strug- 
gle, he participated in many fierce engage- 
ments, and led his men with an impetuosity 
and courage, which always brought victory. 
He is described as a handsome officer with 
great skill and daring in horsemanship. "As 
a civilian he retained that dignity and courtesy 
which so often marked the officer of the army 
and always bore with him in the intercourse 
with his fellowmen, that aft'ability and gen- 
tlemanly feeling which so eminently charac- 
terized his younger brother, Mr. Jonah 
Brewster." He married, April 24, 1788, Sarah 
Huntington, of Windham, Connecticut, daugh- 
ter of Rev. Jonathan Huntington. She was 
born about 1768, died November 22, 1841. 
Children: Theodosia, Minerva, Sally, Han- 
nah (died youngj, Eliza, Zipporah, Hannah, 
Lucy and Elisha Huntington. The fifth 
daughter married Benjamin Mills, and the 
eighth became the wife of Elbridge Hazen, of 

(Vni) Elisha Huntington, only son of 
Elisha and Sarah (Huntington) Brewster, 
was born August 5, 1809, in Northampton, 
died in that town, November 27, 1878. His 
education was supplied by the common 
school and Hopkin's Academy, and he re- 
mained in early life upon the paternal farm. 
In his thirty-third year, in 1842, he removed 
to the centre village of the town, and located 
a little south of the church and town house, 
where for many years he conducted a most 
successful mercantile business, in which his 
son became associated with him under the 
firm name of E. H. Brewster & Son. Mr. 
Brewster was a man of strong mind and 
much force of character, and was easily a 
leader of the community. In 1848 he was 
elected as a Whig to represent his town in 
the state legislature, and was again elected in 
1853. In 1852 he was chosen county com- 
missioner, and for sixteen years successfully 
filled that responsible position, being most of 
the time chairman of the board. He distin- 
guished himself in the performance of his 
duties by his excellent judgment, and at the 

height of his popularity and usefulness, in 
1868, he declined a renomination, although 
certain of election, much to the regret of the 
consti'tuency he had so faithfully and impar- 
tially served. In 1856 the party machinery in 
the nominating convention was opposed to 
him, and the nomination fell to another. His 
old neighbors and friends in Worthington 
and influential people throughout the county, 
almost against his wishes, insisted upon mak- 
ing him an independent candidate, and he 
was elected by a handsome majority. At the 
close of his service as county commissioner, 
he was tendered a supper by his townsmen as 
a testimonial of their appreciation of his 
faithful official service. On this occasion his 
former official associates, with whom he had 
served without sign of disagreement, pre- 
sented him with a gold-headed cane. This 
was left as an heirloom to his son, and is now 
in the possession of his grandson, E. H. 
Brewster, of Springfield. In 1871 the senate 
district composed of Berkshire and Hamp- 
shire elected him as its representative in the 
legislature, and in 1873 he was chosen a 
member of the council under Governor 
Washburn from the ei'ghth district, embrac- 
ing the counties of Hampshire, Hampden 
and Berkshire. While in this office he was a 
member of the committee of the council to 
receive General Grant, when the latter made 
an official visit to the state. He was also in 
council under Governor Talbott. Mr. Brew- 
ster was active in many ways in furthering 
the interests of his native state, and was a 
leader in the formation of the Worthington 
Agricultural Society, of which he was the 
first president. He was for many years a 
trustee of the Northampton Institute for 
Savings, and a director of the Hampshire 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company. Upon the 
organization of the Republican party, which 
was the natural successor of his former al- 
legiance, he was among its most active sup- 
porters. Though a strong partisan, he never 
permitted loyalty to his party to warp his 
judgment of measures and men, or to inter- 
fere with what he believed to be just and 
equitable. He was in some line of pubHc ser- 
vice from a very early period in life. He was 
justice of the peace and long held and dis- 
charged the duties of trial justice with dig- 
nity and impartiality. He was often chosen 
as referee in matters of contest, both at home 
and abroad, and especially in important road 
cases, after his retirement from the office of 
county commissioner. Though not educated 



as a lawyer, he possessed the legal tempera- 
n:ent, and was especially fitted by nature for 
the adjudication of difficult disputes. His 
judgment was frequently sought and gener- 
ously given in matters of business, and it is 
probable that he settled more estates in his 
day than any other man in Hampshire coun- 
ty. Though not a professing Christian, he 
was a regular attendant upon Divine wor- 
ship, and a liberal supporter of church work. 
He had an abiding faith in the underlying 
principles of Christianity, and for thirty years 
he sang in the church choir, of which he was 
chorister. In every thing that he did he was 
methodical and painstaking, and therefore 
accurate. His keen perception grasped at 
once the vital points of any issue, and he 
possessed great capacity for unravelling difii- 
<:ulties, and a diplomacy which easily recon- 
ciled dififerences among men. One who knew 
him well said: "He could not recall the time 
when he was otherwise than the perfect gen- 
tleman." With a fine physical presence and 
a kindly benevolent nature, he was born for 
a leader, and would be easily picked out as 
such in any gathering of men. When princi- 
ple required, he was a rock of firmness and 
was ah excellent presiding officer, in which 
capacity his graces and vi'rtues showed to 
best advantage. Despite his honors, he was 
modest and unassuming, and maintained the 
friendships which he formed in various ca- 
pacities, and when once one had been ac- 
cepted as his friend, he was always a friend. 
In him appeared in strong degree those quali- 
ties which distinguished his venerable and be- 
loved ancestor. Elder William Brewster. 

He married, August i, 183 1, Sophronia 
Martha, daughter of Isaiah and Luc}- (Dan- 
iels) Kingman, of Worthington. She died 
March 14, 1879, in Worthington, having sur- 
vived her husband less than four montlis. Chil- 
dren : Sarah Huntington, Elisha Kingman, 
Lucy Jane, Sophronia Kingman, Charles King- 
man. Helen Eugenia and Isabel Warner. 

(IX) Charles Kingman, second son of Eli- 
sha H. and Sophronia M. (Kingman) Brew- 
ster, was born June 11, 1843, '" ^^'orthington. 
where he resided, and died September 30, 
1908. He was a prominent citizen of his na- 
tive town, following in the footsteps of his 
father, and served as county commissioner of 
Hampshire county. He began his business 
career' as a clerk in his father's store, of which 
he subsequently became manager, and served 
as town clerk. He was the author of a revised 
edition of Rice's History of Worthington. He 

was a member of the legislature in 1889, was 
trustee of the Northampton Institute for Sav- 
ings and a director of the Hampshire Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company. He married at 
Worthington, February 22, 1866, Selina So- 
phia, daughter of Chauncey Baldwin, of that 
town. Children: i. Sophronia, died in her 
fourth year. 2. Grace, died in her fifth year. 
3. Elisha Hume, mentioned below. 4. Sarah 
Harriet, born March 6, 1874; wife of Leon 
Alartin Conwell, of Somerville, Massachusetts, 
and mother of two children, Agnes and 
Charles Russell. 5. Charles Huntington, Feb- 
ruary 14, 1877: engaged in business at Middle- 
town, Connecticut. 6. Howard Chauncey, De- 
cember 24, 1880. 7. Kingman. December 24, 
1883 ; graduated from Amherst in 1906, and is 
a member of the class of 191 2, at Dane Law 

(X) Elisha Hume, eldest son of (Charles K. 
and Selina S. (Baldwin) Brewster, was born 
September 10, 1871. in Worthington. and fitted 
for college at Williston Seminary at East- 
hampton. He graduated in law from the Bos- 
ton University in 1896. and was admitted to 
the Massachusetts bar in Northampton in the 
same year. He immediately began the practice 
of his profession in Springfield, and in 1899 
formed a partnership with Robert Knight, 
which relationship now exists. He was form- 
erly chairman of the city Republican commit- 
tee, and was a member of the state legislature 
in 1902-03-04. His club connections include 
the Winthrop, Springfield Country and Nayas- 
set. Mr. Brewster is a careful and conscien- 
tious adviser and is much employed by those 
who have recourse to the courts to redress 
their wrongs. No client ever lost any rights 
through his neglect of thorough preparation, 
skilful handling of witnesses in court, or the 
able presentation of the law and the facts. He 
married (first) June 20, 1900, Alice Thomp- 
son, of Springfield, who died June 6, 1904. 
Children: Alice, born May 12, 1902, Harriet 
and Elizabeth, (twins), June 5, 1904. Mr. 
Brewster married (second) Jessie Walden 
Cook, of Springfield. 

(For first generation see Hugh Calkins 1). 

(II) John Calkins, son of 
CALKINS Hugh Calkins, was born in 

1634 and died in January, 
1723. He lived at New London and in 1652 
helped to build the first mill dam there. He 
married at New London Sarah Ro3'ce, daugh- 
ter of Robert Royce. She died ^lay i. 1711. 
He was later in Norwich where he served as 



selectman in 1671 and as a juror as late as 
1691. Children: I. Hugh, born at New Lon- 
don. 2. Sarah, married Thomas Baldwin. 3. 
Mary, married Samuel Gifford. 4. Elizabeth, 
married Samuel Hyde. 5. Hugh, born June, 
1659. 6. John, married Abigail Burchard. 7. 
Samuel, mentioned below. 

(HI) Samuel, son of John Calkins, was a 
farmer at Lebanon, Connecticut. He married 
Hannah . Children : Samuel, born Octo- 
ber 17, 1699. 2. Nathaniel, August 17, 1703. 

3. Stephen, April 4, 1706, mentioned below. 

4. Aquila. June 4, 171 1. 

(I\') Stephen, son of Samuel Calkins, was 
bom in Lebanon, April 4, 1706. He removed 
from Lebanon to Sharon, of which he was an 
original proprietor, having lot No. 31, where 
Abraham Weed lately lived. Children : Ste- 
phen, Joseph, Elijah, Timothy, Amos, Justis, 
Daniel, mentioned below. 

(V) Daniel, son of Stephen Calkins, was 
born in Lebanon or Sharon about 1720. He 
married at Sharon, April 25. 1745, Ellen Way. 
Children, born at Sharon: i. Asa, January 8, 
1746-47, mentioned below. 2. Daniel, October 
2, 1749. 3. Lydia, October 12, 175 1. 4. Eliz- 
abeth, October 6, 1753. 5. Amos, July 12, 
175s (mother given as Lucy). 6. Jonathan, 
1760 (mother as Ellen). 

(VI) Asa, son of Daniel Calkins, was born 
January 8, 1746-47. He and Ezekiel Calkins, 
a relative, settled at Wilbraham, Massachu- 
setts. According to the first federal census in 
1790 Asa had three sons under sixteen and 
two females in his family. Older sons may 
have left home. 

(VH) Asa (2), son of Asa (i) Calkins, 
lived at Wilbraham. He married and among 
his children was George, mentioned below. 

(Vni) George, son of Asa (2) Calkins, 
was born at Massachusetts. He came to 
Palmer about 1848. He married at Palmer 
(intention dated August 6, 1840) Lucy 
Ann Brown. According to the census 
of 1790 James and Ezekiel Calkins 
were heads of families in Wilbraham. They 
were brothers. Asa Calkins (Corkins) was 
of the same family. He had three sons un- 
der sixteen and two females in his family at 
that time. Most of the Palmer family of this 
surname trace their ancestry to Ezekiel, 
though some are descended from James. Chil- 
dren : I. Romaro, born at Palmer, January 
20, 1848. 2. Frank. 3. James W., mentioned 
below. 4. Herbert. 5. Richard. 6. Jerome. 
7. Abel. 8. Frederick. 

(IX) James W., son of George Calkins, 

was born at Palmer, Massachusetts. He was 
educated in the schools of Wilbraham, Mas- 
sachusetts, and when a young man learned the 
trade of stone mason ; later he followed con- 
tracting and building and was also engaged in 
the real estate business. He was a Baptist 
in religion and a Republican in politics. He 
enlisted during the civil war for the state of 
Maine and is a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic. He married Lucia Burleigh, a 

native of Palmer, daughter of and 

Hannah (Cook) Burleigh. Children: i. 
Lucia, died aged sixteen years. 2. James, 
died in infancy. 3. Frank, died in infancy. 
4. Irving R., mentioned below. 

(X) Irving R., son of James W. Calkins, 
was born at Palmer, October 31, 1875. He 
attended the public schools and the Palmer 
high school. He was a student in Harvard 
College in the academic course, but did not 
graduate. He studied also at the University 
of Pennsylvania and the University of Ver- 
mont. He began the study of medicine under 
Dr. John Morgan, of Boston. He graduated 
in 1896 from the Baltimore Medical College 
with the degree of W. D.. and was an in- 
terne in the Maryland General Hospital one 
year. He began to practice in 1896 in Spring- 
field, making a specialty of surgery, and has 
taken high rank in his profession. He is a 
member of the Massachusetts Medical So- 
ciety, Springfield Academy of Medicine, 
American ATedical Association and Eastern 
Hampden Medical Association. He is on the 
surgical staff of Mercy Hospital, Springfield. 
He is a member of Springfield Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; Sons of the Revolu- 
tion ; Smith & Wesson Revolver Club ; United 
States Revolver Association, in which he has 
held championship honors and was one of the 
four to be selected to represent the Olympic in 
1908 for America and was high man in the 
fiualification for America ; Nayasset Club ; 
Springfield .Aero Club. In politics he is a Re- 
publican. He married, June 25, 1898, Lena 
May Watters, born June 20, 1877. 

This is a name found early 
BIGELOW in the New England records 
with a great variety of spell- 
ings. In some places it is written Boglo. An- 
other wide variation is Beguley, and various 
forms are given by various writers of the 
colonial days. The name has been' well rep- 
resented, both as to numbers and in the char- 
acter of citizenship throughout the country. 
It is from the .\nglo-Saxon biggan (big) and 



hleaw, hlaw (a hill, or barrow) ; the place of 
residence of the person who finally took it 
as a surname. 

(I) John Bigelow was baptized in England, 
February 16, 1617, and came to Watertown, 
Massachusetts, very early. He died July 14, 
1703, at the age of eighty-six years. He 
married, in Watertown, October 30, 1642, 
Mary Warren, who was also a native of Eng- 
land. She died October 19, 1691. He mar- 
ried (second) in 1694, Sarah Benis. He had 
six sons and six daughters, and was the an- 
cestor of numerous families of the name 
throughout New England. His sons were 
John, Jonathan, Daniel, Samuel, Joshua and 

(H) Sanuiel, fourth son of John and Mary 
(Warren) Bigelow, was born October 28, 
1653, in Watertown, and was an innkeeper 
there from 1702 to 1716. He was admitted 
to full communion March 4, 1688, and was 
made a freeman April 16, 1690, and repre- 
sented the town at the general court in 1708- 
09-10. He married, June 3, 1674, Mary 
Flagg, born June 14, 1657, died September 
7, 1720, a daughter of Thomas and Mary 
Flagg. They had ten children, nine of whom 
are given as follows : John, Mary, Samuel, 
Sarah, Thomas, Martha, Hannah, Isaac and 

(HI) John (2), son of Samuel and Mary 
(Flagg) Eigelow, was born May 9, 1675, in 
Watertown, and settled in Marlboro, Mas- 
sachusetts. In 1705 he was at the garrison 
house of Mr. Thomas Sawyer, and with Saw- 
yer and his sons was taken captive by the 
Indians and conveyed to Canada. Bigelow 
and Sawyer were both ingenious mechanics 
and they proposed to the governor of Mon- 
treal to erect a saw mill, and thereby ransom 
themselves from captivity. This was accept- 
ed, and after they had fulfilled their part with 
some delays, they were permitted to return 
with their friends. In token of his gratitude 
for deliverance from captivity, Mr. Bigelow 
named the daughters born after his return. 
Comfort and Freedom. He died September 
28, 1769, more than ninety-four years old. 
He married, June 12, 1696, Jerusha Garfield, 
who died January 16, 1758. Children: Je- 
rusha, Thankful, Joseph, John, Comfort, 
Freedom, Anna and Gershom, twins, Jotham, 
Benjamin and Sarah. 

(TV) Benjamin, son of John (2) and Jeru- 
sha (Garfield) Bigelow, was born in Marlbor- 
ough, October 8, 1724, died in Worthington in 
1773. He lived in Brookfield, Massachusetts, 

iv — 23 

until 1745, when he removed to Shrewsbury, 
Massachusetts, remaining up to 1752, when 
he went to Springfield, removing to Hartford, 
Connecticut, in 175(1. He was a ferryman 
here until he changed his residence to Worth- 
ington. He married, January 17, 1744, Levi- 
nah, born in Marlborough, August 15, 1721, 
daughter of William and Lydia (Eager) 
Thomas, who were the grandparents of old 
Robert B. Thomas, of almanac fame. Children 
of Benjamin and Levinah : Benjamin, Levi- 
nah, William, Edmund, Jonas, Lydia, Levinia, 
Sophia, a daughter and Polly. 

(V) Edmund, son of Benjamin and Levin- 
ah (Thomas) Bigelow, was born in Shrews- 
bury, died in Middletown, Vermont, 1824. 
When he was a very small boy his father re- 
moved to Springfield, then to Hartford, and 
finally to Worthington. He was administrator 
of his father's estate. He served in the conti- 
nental army as paymaster, and was at Ben- 
nington and Ticonderoga. After the war he 
moved to Middletown, Rutland county, Ver- 
mont, and settled where John P. Taylof now 
lives, and was one of the leading spirits in the 
new town ; made moderator of the first town 
meeting ; selectman for many years ; was the 
first justice of the peace; and was on the com- 
mittee to divide the town into school districts, 
and the subdivision then made remains practi- 
cally unchanged to this day. In this town of 
Middletown the Mormon religion is said to 
have had its origin, and Joe Smith, the Mor- 
mon leader, was born in the nearby town of 
Sharon. He married Olive Stone. They had 
the following family : Mary, Lefy, Sophy, 
William, James and Harriet. 

(VI) Hon. William, son of Edmund and 
Olive (Stone) Bigelow, was born in Middle- 
town in 1791, died in Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, April 10, 1863. He studied medicine 
with Dr. Ezra Clark, of Middletown, and re- 
ceived the degree of M. D. from Castleton 
Medical College. In October, 181 5, he settled 
in the practice of his profession at Fairhaven, 
X'ermont, and in 1838 changed his residence 
and practice to Bennington, same state. 
Though coming into a place where eminent 
physicians were already established. Dr. Bige- 
low took standing with the foremost and ever 
maintained it. He served the county as state 
senator. He was an impressive speaker to 
which gracefulness of mind and person con- 
tributed their part. His manner was dignified, 
and his feelings genuine. This talking faculty 
he frequently exercised in public gatherings of 
the town and church. He was not an ofif-hand 



speaker, but his remarks were prepared with 
care, deUberatioii and study, yet he was ahvays 
ready to talk on all occasions. He spoke as 
one with authority, though not overbearing, 
and his words carried great weight. He was 
that noble work of God, a christian physician. 
He early joined the church, and was constant 
in liis attendance upon the regular preaching 
services as well as the prayer and social meet- 
ings. He would never allow anyone in his 
presence to speak with levity or disrespectfully 
of religion unrebuked. He was prized as a 
townsman, a physician, and the poor always 
had in him a willing helper in their sickness. 
The friends he had clung to him with no com- 
mon attachment. He married Dorinda, daugh- 
ter of Orson and Zeruiah (Loomis) Brewster, 
who was descended from Elder William Brew- 
ster of the "Mayflower." She was born April 
4, 1795, died April 16, 1883. Children: Olive 
Stone, Emma Lorane, Edmund. Ellen, Wil- 
liam Henry, George Warren and Mary Sophia. 

(YH) Edmund (2), son of Hon. William 
and Dorinda ( Brewster) Bigelow, was born in 
Bennington, Vermont, died in Springfield, Au- 
gust 17. 1S75. He went to Troy. New York, 
early in life and learned the apothecary trade. 
In 1849 h^ came to Springfield and entered the 
business on his own account. He joined the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows in Troy, 
and was a member of the South Congrega- 
tional Church of Springfield. He belonged to 
the old fire conii)any. He married Lucy Par- 
rot, daughter of Donald Camp, of New York. 

( VIII ) Edmund (3), only child of Edmund 
(2) and Lucy (Camp) Bigelow that reached 
maturity, was born in Springfield, October 4. 
1852. He attended the public schools. In 1875 
he entered the offices of the Fire & Marine In- 
surance Company and is at present manager 
of the statistical department. He is unmar- 

This name is supposed to orig- 
DAWES inate from Daw, the diminutive 

or nickname of David. The an- 
tecedent of most of that name in this coun- 
try is William Dawes, who came over in 1635. 
His father had come over before this time, 
but it is said he did not remain long. Abra- 
ham Dawes, thought to be the English an- 
cestor, was one of the richest commoners in 
England, under Cromwell helped to support 
the royal family in exile, and upon the return 
of Charles Second to the throne was made 
baronet. William Dawes, grandson of the 
emigrant, born in Boston, 1745, won for him- 

self undying fame by being one of the two 
companions of Paul Revere, in his historic 
ride, and like that hero had much ado to 
dodge the British sentinels. 

(I) Samuel Dawes, of Pembroke, a de- 
scendant from the above-mentioned William, 
was born a little before the year 1700, and 
died in 1750. About 1714 he bought land in 
Bridgewater, Massachusetts, and by 1727 he 
had married Sarah Howland, of Pembroke, 
where he then lived, and had two children ; 
he removed to East Bridgewater, where his 
other children were born. After his death 
his widow married Captain Daniel Reed, of 
Abingdon, in 1765, and died January 2, 1775. 
Samuel and Sarah Dawes had children as 
follows: I. Robert, born about 1722: mar- 
ried Lydia Harden. 2. Samuel, see forward. 
3. Abigail, 1729; married Josiah Vini'ng. 4. 
Content, 1733. 5. Ann, 1735; married Dan- 
iel Reed. 6. ]\Iary, 1738; married Nathaniel 
Prior. 7. Jonathan, 1745 ; married Lydia 
Snell : went to the revolutionary war and 
never returned. 

(II) Samuel (2), second son of Samuel (i) 
and Sarah (Howland) Dawes, was born Feb- 
ruary 24, 1724, died November 5, 1794. Be- 
fore the revolution he removed from Abing- 
don to Hampshire county, and in 1755 mar- 
ried Abigail, daughter of Isaac Kingman, 
born May 19, 1730, died in February, 1808, 
and their children were: i. Ebenezer, born 
^Tarch i, 1756; married Elizabeth Bailey. 2. 
and 3. Betty and Sarah, twins, 1758. 4. Sam- 
uel, December 6, 1760; married Lydia Tor- 
rev. 5. John, March 4, 1763 ; married Dolly 
Shaw. 6. Howland, February 25, 1766: died 
unmarried in 1844. 7. Daniel, September 9, 
1768. 8. Abigail, September 17, 1770; mar- 
ried Hatch Noyes. 9. Mitchell, see forward. 

(III) Mitchell, sixth and youngest son of 
Samuel (2) and Abigail (Kingman) Dawes, 
was born August 15, 1772, and lived at Cum- 
mington, Massachusetts. He married Mercy 
Burgess, January i, 1805, and they had chil- 
dren as follows: i. Sally, born IMarcli 9, 
1808. 2. Louisa Warner, March 21, 1810; 
married Thomas Reed Rawson. 3. Sophronia, 
March 8, 1812: married W^illiam Rogers, 4. 
Lucretia, March 20, 1814; married Isaac W\\- 
liams. 5. Henry Laurens, see forward. 6. 
Francis Howland, May 11, 1819: married 
Melissa Everett. 7. Thomas Spencer, April 
23, 1822; married Elizabeth Russell. 

(IV) Henry Laurens, fifth child and eldest 
son of Mitchell and Mercy (Burgees) Dawes, 
was born October 30, 1816, died February 5, 



1903. He was graduated from Yale College 
in the class of 1839, after which he spent two 
years teaching school; later he became editor 
of the Greenfield Gazette, and still later of the 
Adams Transeript. He studied law in the of- 
fice of Wells & Davis, at Greenfield, Massa- 
chusetts, and was admitted to the bar in 1842, 
beginning his practice at North Adams; in 
1864 he removed to Pittsfield, Massachusetts. 
In 1848-49 he was a member of the two 
houses of State legislature; in 1850 and 1852 
of the state senate; in 1853 he was a member 
of the constitutional convention of Massachu- 
setts; in 1853 and to 1857 was district attorney 
for the western district of Massachusetts; he 
was nine time elected to the house of repre- 
sentatives ; in 1875 was elected to the United 
States senate to succeed Charles Sumner, 
whose unexpired term was filled by William 
B. Washburn; he was re-elected in 1881 and 
again in 1887; in 1893 he was appointed chair- 
man of the commission to the five civilized 
tribes of Indians, commonly known as the 
Dawes Commission, which place he held until 
his death in 1903. He was highly esteemed 
and held a distinguished place among the 
statesmen of his day. He was prominent in 
the house of representatives as chairman of 
the committee on elections through the diffi- 
cult period of the war and reconstruction, and 
as chairman of appropriations and ways and 
means, where he did distinguished service. 
He secured the passing of the first appropria- 
tions for the weather bureau and the fish com- 
mission, and the tariff bill of 1872 was passed 
by the house as he wrote it without amend- 
ment. In the senate he held various important 
positions, but was chiefly known for his ser- 
vice as chairman of the committee on Indian 
affairs for fifteen years. In 1887 he wrote 
and secured the passage of the act called the 
Indian Severalty Law which conferred land 
in severalty and citizenship on the American 
Indians. This is sometimes called the Indian 
Emancipation Act. and on this account "Dawes 
Day" is celebrated at Hampton. While a Re- 
publican in politics, he won the respect of all 
parties, and was the personal friend of every 
president from the time his first election to 
the legislature to the end of his service. He 
was a man of independent thought and ac- 
tion, and his ability as a speaker was equalled 
by his ability as a writer. In 1869 the degree 
of Doctor of Laws was conferred upon him by 
Williams College, and in 1889 by Yale Univer- 

He married Electa Sanderson, of Ashfield, 

Massachusetts ; children : i. Thomas Sander- 
son, born February 24, 1848, died September 
7, 1849. 2. Anna Laurens, May 14, 185 1; is 
a prominent author, greatly interested in edu- 
cational and sociological matters ; she was a 
member of the Massachusetts board of man- 
agers, the World's Columbian Exposition, also 
of board of lady managers of the Louisiana 
Purchase Exposition at St. Louis, and has 
published several books, her subjects being 
mainly educational and political. 3. Henry 
Laurens, April 13, 1853, died April 16, 1854. 
4. Chester Mitchell, July 14, 1855. 5. Robert 
Crawford, January 21, 1858, died September 
3, 1859. 6. Henry Laurens, January 5, 1863; 
resides in Pittsfield, Alassachusetts. 

(For preceding generations see Thomas Faxon 1). 

(\T) Nathaniel Faxon, son of 
FAXON James Faxon, was born in Brain- 
tree, April 29, 1749, some au- 
thorities say February, 1750, died October 23, 
1813. He resided in Roxbury, and kept an 
inn there, being licensed as a victualler at the 
time. He was bondsman for James Faxon, 
administrator of Richard Faxon's estate. He 
served in the revolution in Captain Thomas 
May Jr.'s company. Colonel Eleazer Weld's 
regiment, in December, 1779, on duty at Cas- 
tle Island. He married, December 31, 1770, 
Mary Vose, born September 21, 1755, died De- 
cember II, 1818, accordmg to the town rec- 
ords, while the family gives the date of her 
death as December 19, 1818. She was a daugh- 
ter of John and Mary Vose. John Vose, born 
November 21, 1725, was the son of Nathaniel 
Jr. and Rachel (Bent) Vose. Nathaniel Vose 
Jr., born March 31, 1699, was the son of Na- 
thaniel and Mary (Belcher) Vose. Nathaniel 
Vose Sr., born November 17, 1672, was the 
son of Edward and Abigail Vose, who came to 
New England in 1636. Children of Nathaniel 
and Mary Faxon, born in Roxbury: i. Mary, 
born February 5, 1780, died April 28, 1789. 2. 
Nathaniel, July 13, 1781, died July 24, 1782. 
3. William,' February 10, 1784, died September 
'7, 1785. 4. Charles. January 14, 1787, lost at 
sea December g, 1816. 5. Nathaniel, men- 
tioned below. 

(VII) Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel (i) 
Faxon, was born at Roxbury, September 9, 
1789, died February 12, 1825. He was a farm- 
er and marketman at Roxbury. He married, 
July 21, 1814, Sally Williams Craft, born Feb- 
ruary 19, 1794, died June 29, 1827, in Roxbury. 
She was the daughter of Captain Abner Craft, 
of Roxbury, who was a captain in the revolu- 



tion and saw much service. He was descended 
through Jonathan (4), Nathaniel (3), Samuel 
(2), from Lieutenant Griffin Craft, the ances- 
tor of the Craft family in America, who came 
over in the fleet with Winthrop, and settled in 
Roxbury. Children, born at Roxbury: i. 
Mary, March 23, 1815, died September 11, 
1815. 2. Charles C, December 14, 1817, died 
December 24, 1817. Born at Baltimore, Mary- 
land : 3. Ebenezer Rhodes, mentioned below. 

(\Tri) Ebenezer Rhodes, son of Nathaniel 
(2) and Sally W. (Craft) Faxon, was born 
August 23, 1819, in Baltimore, died January 
18, 1907. in Stoughton. He was a boot maker, 
residing in Stoughton, Massachusetts, where 
he lived from the age of seven years until his 
death. At the beginning of the civil war, in 
1861, he enlisted in Company I, First Massa- 
chusetts Cavalry, and two years later re-enlist- 
ed in the Thirty-third Regiment Veteran Re- 
serves, with which he served one year. His 
health was shattered by his military service, 
and he was afterward unable to engage in ac- 
tive business. He was a Universalist in reli- 
gion, and a Republican in politics. He mar- 
ried, January 16, 1844, Harriet Newell Hoit, 
born "May 27, 1824, died October 29, 1905, 
daughter of Benjamin and Jane (Burnham) 
Hoit, of Moultonborough, New Hampshire. 
Children : I. Harriet Augusta, born January 10, 
1845; married, January 13, 1861, James W. 
Richardson. 2. Ebenezer Rhodes, February 
15, 1849, died February 21, 1849. 3. Amy, 
May 7, 1850, died May 11, 1850. 4. William 
Otis, mentioned below. 

(IX) Dr. William Otis, youngest child of 
Ebenezer R. and Harriet N. (Hoit) Faxon, 
was born October 24, 1853, in Stoughton, and 
grew up in his native town, attending the 
public schools, and graduated from the high 
school, February 28, 1873. He entered the 
medical school of Boston University, from 
which he was graduated with the degree of 
AI. D., March i, 1876. He immediately be- 
gan to practice in Braintree, where he con- 
tinued until January i, 1881, when he re- 
moved to his native town and has there con- 
tinued in practice to the present time, being 
one of the leading physicians of this section. 
He is a member of the Massachusetts Medi- 
cal Society, the Massachusetts Medical Legal 
Society, and has been medical examiner for 
the county of Norfolk since 1895. Dr. FaxOn 
has taken an active part in the conduct of 
local affairs and has held many offices of 
trust and honor. He was representative to 
the general court in T905 and 1906, and for 

the two succeeding years was state senator, 
and was active in the committees on gas, 
water and railroads ; house chairman of water 
supply, senate chairman of railroads two 
years. Among the important matters upon 
which he took effective action were the reg- 
ulation of the supply of illuminating gas i'n 
Boston, the bills regulating the water supply 
of Springfield and Stoughton, the railroad 
merger question, Boston & Albany railroad 
lease and Springfield river front bill, all of 
which so strongly agitated Massachusetts in 
the years 1906-07-08. 

He devoted much time to the study o£ the 
situation in Boston, and gave earnest study 
to every problem that came before his com- 
mittee. Dr. Faxon took a leading position 
in the house, and all through the session 
made manifest his interest in every move- 
ment for the benefit of the whole state. The 
Springfield water problem had been under 
consideration for many years, and his influ- 
ence in bringing about a satisfactory solu- 
tion was appreciated by all concerned. He 
also laid the foundations for a bill of the 
future, which will look to the metering of 
water supplies, a system which will reduce 
water rates, and make a consumer pay only 
for what he uses rather than help to bear the 
burden of the extravagance or carelessness 
of others. "He has given to Stoughton and 
his whole district dignified representation at 
all times, and yet at a personal cost to him- 
self.'" Dr. Faxon has been for many years a 
leader in political affairs, and was for many 
vears a member of the Republican town com- 
mittee. He was a delegate from the Massa- 
chusetts Twelfth congressional district to the 
National Republican Convention in Chicago, 
June, 1908, that nominated William H. Taft 
"for president of the United States. He is a 
working member of the Masonic fraternity, 
affiliating with Rising Star Lodge, of Stough- 
ton : Mount Zion Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons ; Bay State Commandery, Knights 
Templar ; and Aleppo Temple of the Mystic 
Shrine. He is also a member of Stoughton 
Lodge. No. yi. Independent Order Odd Fel- 
lows : and was president of the Norfolk Club 
for seven vears. For three years he was a 
member of the parish committee of the 
Stoughton Universalist Church, of which he 
is a member. 

He married, July 10, 1878. Susan Reed 
Wales, born August 3, 1853, in Stoughton, 
daughter of Nathaniel (6) and Susan K. 
(Reed) Wales, of Stoughton (see Wales, 



VIII). Children: i. Dr. Nathaniel Wales, 
born August 12, 1880, at South Braintree ; 
was graduated from Harvard College with 
the degree of A. B. in 1902, and from Har- 
vard Medical School in 1905. He is now 
practising medicine in Stoughton. He mar- 
ried, September 22, 1905, Marie (Bassett) 
Conant, of Boston, and they are the parents 
of Nathaniel Conant Faxon, born February 
12, 1908, in Stoughton. 2. William Reed, 
December 26, 1884, died under two months 
of age. 

(The Wales Line, see Nathaniel Wales 1). 

(V) Nathaniel (4) Wales, son of Deacon 
Thomas Wales, was born in Braintree, Massa- 
chusetts, October 26, 1729. He settled in 
Soughton. He was a deacon of the church. He 

married Sarah . Children: i. Sarah, 

born October 30, 1747. 2. Mary, February 
17, 1749. 3. Nathaniel, May 30, 1750; served 
in the revolution. 4. Joshua, mentioned be- 
low. 5. Thomas, March 30, 1754. 6. Eliza- 
beth, March 20, 1756. 7. Eunice, January 28, 
1758. 8. John. 9. Theodore, December 25, 
1767. 10. Deborah, September 23, 1769. 11. 
Hannah, October 16, 1771. 

(VI) Joshua, second son of Nathaniel (4) 
and Sarah Wales, was born February 21, 
1752, in Soughton, where he lived all his life, 
and was a very successful farmer and market 
man, reaching a good old age. He was noted 
for his sound sense and unimpeachable hon- 
esty ; he was one of the defenders of the col- 
onies against British aggression, and in secur- 
ing their independence. His first enlistment 
was as private in Captain Simeon Leache's 
company. Colonel Benjamin Gill's regiment, 
and served two days, marching from Stough- 
ton to Braintree, March 21, 1776, when the 
British fleet was anchored in Boston harbor. He 
was a corporal in Captain Theophilus Wilder's 
company of Colonel Dike's regiment, enlisting 
December 30, 1776, from Stoughton, to serve 
until March i, 1777. He was also a private in 
a company commanded by Captain Robert 
Swan, of Stoughton, Colonel Benjamin Gill's 
regiment, which marched to Bristol, Rhode 
Island, .April 18, 1777, and served twenty-four 
days. He was married three time. 

fVII) Nathaniel (5), eldest child of Joshua 
Wales, was born September 11, 1788, in 
Stoughton, and resided in that town until 
1817, when he removed to North Bridgewater. 
He engaged in the manufacture of shoe lasts, 
being the first there in that business, the work 
being done by hand. He also kept a grocery 

store in the north part of the center village, 
and died there of consumption, February 8, 
1826, leaving an excellent business. He was 
an active member of the local militia, and rose 
to the office of Captain, which he resigned 
April 28, 1820. He was one of the first in 
the town to accept the religious teachings of 
the "New Church" founded by Swedenborg. 
He married, January i, 1815, Phoebe, daugh- 
ter of William and Mary (Perkins) French, 
of Stoughton, who survived him nearly thirty 
years, and died December 25, 1855, '" Barn- 
stable, Massachusetts. She was a woman of 
much force of character, cared for her hus- 
band's estate, and brought up her surviving 
son to be an execellent citizen. They had 
three children : i. Harriet Jane, born August 
17, 1816; married Chauncey Conant. 2. Na- 
thaniel, mentioned below. 3. Martha, died 
under two months of age. 

(VIII) Nathaniel (6), only son of Nathaniel 
(5) and Phoebe (French) Wales, was born 
November 25, 1819, in North Bridgewater, 
died in Stoughton, February 8, 1901. He at- 
tended the public schools, an academy and a 
normal school, and as a young man taught 
school in his native town and other towns 
nearby. He showed much energy and enter- 
prise, and was of much assistance to his 
widowed mother in conserving the family es- 
tate. He was but little past six years of age 
when his father died, and he was very early 
accustomed to assist in his own maintenance. 
After teaching in the rural schools, he be- 
came principal of the high school of Paw- 
tucket, Rhode Island, which he resigned in 
1848 to become a merchant at Stoughton, 
and for twenty-eight years continued success- 
fully in this occupation, having associated 
with him a part of the time a partner or part- 
ners : and from i860 to 1867 was postmaster 
at Stoughton. He resigned this ofifice to be- 
come United States assessor of internal rev- 
enues for the second district of Massachu- 
setts, in which he continued to serve until the 
ofifice was abolished. In 1862 he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Andrew to superintend 
the drafting of militia, Norfolk county, and in 
1863, President Lincoln appointed him a 
commissioner of the board of enrollment foi 
the second district of Massachusetts. This 
position he filled two years. From 1871 to 
1878 he was treasurer of the Stoughton Boot 
and Shoe Company. 'Mr. Wales was a man 
possessed of the legal instinct, and though 
not a lawyer by training, his business experi- 
ence and contact with the world gave him a 



grasp of governmental affairs not given to 
all. He was a member of the state senate in 
1879, a"d served on the committee on towns, 
labor and prisons ; the next year in the same 
body he was chairman of the committee on 
roads and bridges, and a number of those on 
military affairs and the state house. In 1881 
he was elected a member of the executive 
council, and in this position proved himself 
a valuable and sound official. He had not 
long been a voter when the Republican party 
was organized, and he was among its most 
earnest and enthusiastic supporters through 
life. In religion he followed the precepts of 
his father. He married (first) June 4, 1848, 
Jane Montgomery, daughter of Newton and 
Jane (Montgomery) Shaw, who died May 3, 
1849, leaving a son Nathaniel S., afterwards 
a citizen of Des Moines, Iowa. He married 
(second) August 18. 185 1. Susan Kingsbury 
Reed, daughter of Timothy and Susan P. 
(Kingsbury) Reed, of Barnstable, born 
]\Iarch 7, 1827, in Windham, New Hamp- 
shire. She died January 31, 1882, leaving a 
daughter Susan Reed, now the wife of Dr. 
William Otis Faxon, of Stoughton (see 
Faxon, IX). Other children of the second 
wife were : Ti'mothv Reed Wales, who died 
unmarried in 1871 ; and twin sons, who died 
in infancv. 

Lieutenant Samuel Smith and 
SMITH his wife Elizabeth, with children 

Samuel, Elizabeth, Mary and 
Philip, passengers of the ship "Elizabeth", 
of Ipswich. Mr. William Andrews, master, 
left England on April 30, 1634, and landed in 
Boston. He was probably a member of the 
transient settlers of Dorchester or its vicinity 
that joined the exodus to the Connecticut 
valley in 1635 and lived in Wethersficld up to 
1661, when he went up the river to Hadley, 
where he was an original settler of that town, 
established out of the new plantation near 
Northampton, May 22, 1659. Here he held 
important offices in the church whi'ch he help- 
ed to organize, and of the town which was 
co-existant with the church. He probably 
gained his title of lieutenant by holding that 
rank in the militia organized for the defence 
of the settlers against the Indians. As the 
inventory of his estate was published January 
17, 1681, he probably died in 1680, and was 
supposed to be seventy-eight years of age at 
his death, which would make him thirty-two 
vears of age when he left England, and make 
his birth vear about 1602. His widow, Eliz- 

abeth Smith, died March 16, 1686, at the age 
of eighty-four years. Children of Lieutenant 
Samuel and Elizabeth Smith: i. Samuel, 
born in England, about 1625 ; he was eight 
years of age when he was brought to New 
England, and he is supposed to have re- 
moved from Wethersficld to New London, 
and thence to Virginia, prior to 1664, he was 
accompanied by his wife, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Rev. Henry Smith, of 'Wethersficld, Con- 
necticut. 2. Elizabeth, born in England, 
about Tr)27; married, about 1646, Nathaniel 
Foote, of Wethersficld, Connecticut, she 
being his second wife ; after his death she 
married William Gull. 3. Mary, born in 
England, approximately in 1630 ; married in 
Wethersficld, John Graves. 4. Philip ; see 
forward. 5. Chileab, born in New England, 
probably Wethersficld, Connecticut, in 1635. 
6. John, born in Wethersficld, probably in 
1637, was slain by the Indians on the mead- 
ows of Hatfield, Massachusetts, May 30, 
1676, while defending his home and people. 

(II) Philip, second son and fourth child of 
Lieutenant Samuel and Elizabeth Smith, was 
born in England, about 1633. He was the 
youngest of their four children who with the 
father and mother made up the family when 
they came to New England, and was in his 
mother's arms at their coming. He was 
brought up in Wethersficld, Connecticut, 
where he married Rebecca, daughter of Na- 
thaniel Foote, and stepdaughter of his sister, 
Elizabeth (Smith) Foote. He removed with 
his father to Hadley about 1661, and with 
him helped to found the town and church. 
He was a deacon of the church, lieutenant in 
the town militia, and a representative in the 
general court of the Massachusetts Bay Col- 
ony. He was, according to the account left 
by Cotton Mather, "murdered with an hid- 
eous witchcraft," January 10, 1685, and his 
widow married Alajor Aaron Cook, on Oc- 
tober 2, 1688. She died in Hadley, April 6, 
1701. Children of Lieutenant Philip and Re- 
becca (Foote) Smith: i. Samuel, born in 
Wethersficld, Connecticut, in January, 1659. 
2. Child, died before being named, January 
2, 1661. 3. John, (q. V.) born December 18, 
t66i ; see forward. 4. Jonathan, born in 
Hadley, about 1663. 5. Philip, about 1665. 
6. Rebecca, about 1667 ; married, 1686, 
George Stillman, of Wethersficld and Had- 
ley : she died in Hadley, October 7, 1750. 7. 
Nathaniel, born about 1669. 8. Joseph, 
about 1671-72. 9. Ichabod, April 11, 1675. 

(III) Tobn. third child of Lieutenant Phil- 



ip and Rebecca (Foote) Smith, was born in 
Hadley, Massachusetts Bay Colony, December 
18, 1661. He was brought up in that frontier 
town, and was inured to all the hardships that 
visited the pioneer settlers of his time. He 
married, November 29, 1683, Joanna, daugh- 
ter of Lieutenant Joseph Kellogg, who immi- 
grated to Boston in 1659, was among the first 
settlers of Hadley in 1661, and commanded 
the troops from Hadley to the Great Falls 
fight in the King Philip war, 1675. Children 
of John and Joanna (Kellogg) Smith, born in 
Hadley, Massachusetts: i. John, December 3, 
1684: see forward. 2. Joanna, September i, 
1686: married, January 10, 1705, Ephraini 
Nash. 3. Rebecca, August 5, 1688 ; married 
Samuel Crow, January 11, 1710. 4. Joseph, 
July 19, 1690. 5. Martin, April 15, 1692 : 
married Sarah Wier, in 1715, and lived in 
Wethersfield, Connecticut. 6. Eleazer, Sep- 
tember 25, 1694, died October 3, 1721. 7. Sar- 
ah, November 18, 1696, died Decemljer 28, 
1697. 8. Sarah, November 9, 1698: married, 
May 22, 1724, Samuel Kellogg, and (second) 
in January, 1749, William Montague. 9. Pru- 
dence, March 15, 1701 ; married, March i, 
1722, Timothy Nash, of Longmeadow, Massa- 
chusetts, and (second) Deacon Ichabod Hinck- 
ley: she died April 18, 1774. 10. Experience, 
April 19, 1703: married, August 11, 1727, 
James Kellogg; she died August 23, 1762. 11. 
Elizabeth. October. 1705; married. May 22, 
1728, Stephen Nash, of Wethersfield, and died 
in 1790. 12. Mindwell, May 25, 1708: mar- 
ried Benoni Sacket, May 3, 1732. John Smith, 
the father of these chikken, died in Hadley, 
Massachusetts, April 16, 1726, and his wife, 
Joanna (Kellogg) Smith, survived him. 

(I\') John (2), eldest child of John (i) 
and Joanna (Kellogg) Smith, was born in 
Hadley, Massachusetts, December 3, 1684. He 
was brought up in that town, and married, 
probably in 171 1, Esther, daughter of Ephraim 
Colton, of Longmeadow, and they had eight 
children. He died in Hadley, December 25, 
1761, and his widow survived him and died 
at the age of eighty-four years. Children, 
born in Hadley: i. Philip, October, 1712: 
married Alice Jones, in 1743, and died without 
issue, about i8cx). 2. Ephraim, November 17, 
1714. 3. John, January 20. 1717. 4. Phine- 
lias, April 12, 1719. 5. Silas, February 2 or 3, 
1722; see forward. 6. Eleazer. January 27, 
1725. 7. Esther, November 2"]. 1726. 8. Jo- 
siah, removed to Brookfield, and died at the 
age of sixty-six years. 

(V) Silas, fifth son of John (2) and Esther 

(Colton) Smith, was born in Hadley, Massa- 
chusetts, February 2 or 3, 1722. He was 
brought up in his native place as a husband- 
man, which had been the occupation of his an- 
cestors. He was prominent in the First 
Church of Hadley. He married Sarah, daugh- 
ter of John Preston, and (second) Rebecca 
Allen, born February 19, 1731, died July 24, 
1804. He was prominent in the revolutionary 
movement among the colonists that led to the 
establishment of the United States of Ameri- 
ca, being a member of the committee that boy- 
cotted the use of East India tea, and resulted 
in tlie destruction of a ship's cargo of that 
heavily taxed commodity in Boston harbor. 
He was also a member of the committee of 
safety and correspondence, 1774-78. His 
name also appears on the muster rolls of 
South Hadley men who were on advance 
guard in the revolutionary movement. Chil- 
dren by his two marriages : I. Philip, married 
Achsah Chapin, and who died in Springfield. 2. 
Perez, born 1753. 3. Silas, November 30, 
1754, see forward. 4. Sarah, married Hugh 
McMaster, of Palmer, Massachusetts. 

(VI) Silas (2), third child of Silas (i) 
Smith, by his wife Sarah (Preston) Smith, 
was born in Hadley, Massachusetts, Novem- 
ber 30, 1754. He was a deacon in the church 
at South Hadley. His intention of marrying 
Asenath, born May 30, 1750, died November 
30, 1835, daughter of Phinehas and Bethiah 
Chapin, of Springfield, was published March 
18, 1780. She was born in Springfield, May 
13, 1750. Children of Deacon Silas and 
Asenath (Chapin) Smith, born in South Had- 
ley, Massachusetts: i. Horace, February 16, 
1781. 2. Rufus, March 2, 1782. 3. Allen, 
December 8, 1783. 4. Child, died August 29, 
1785. 5. Asenath, ]\Iarch 3, 1787; married, 
January 2, 1833, Colonel Samuel Seymour. 6. 
Laura, March 10, 1789; married, November 
23, 1812, Zebina Judd. of South Hadley. 7. 
Warren, September 25, 1790, died April 2, 
1820. 8. Hiram, September 23, 1793, see for- 
ward. Deacon Silas Smith, father of these 
children, died in South Hadley, Massachu- 
setts, March 23, 1813, and his widow died No- 
vember 30 or December i, 1835. 

(VII) Hiram, fifth son and eighth child 
of Deacon Silas (2) and Asenath (Chapin) 
Smith, was born in South Hadley, Massachu- 
setts, September 23, 1793. He early in life 
engaged in the transportation business on the 
Connecticut river, which at that time formed 
the onl)' highway for commerce with the 
ocean, and with its tributaries was a ready 



route of travel. The importance of this busi- 
ness and the readiness and skill exhibited by 
the inland navigator obtained for him the title 
of "King Hiram". He also interested him- 
self in town and state afifairs, and later in life 
in the care of his farm, and was an officer of 
the town and a representative from the town 
of South Hadley in the general court at Bos- 
ton. He married, June 2, 1817, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Colonel Eliphaz Moody, of South Had- 
ley, born August 13, 1796. Children of Hiram 
and Mary (Moody) Smith, born in South 
Hadley: i. Rebecca Allen, April 7. 1819; 
married, October 6, 1842, Moses Gaylord ; 
had five children ; she died December 10, 
1883. 2. Edwin, born June 26, 1822; died 
July 3, 1896; was a farmer in South Had- 
ley: married, February 26, 1851. Sarah Jane, 
daughter of Dr. Lucius Wright, of West- 
field; married (second) Laura E. Smith; had 
two children by second marriage. 3. Hiram, 
July 24, 1824, see forward. 4. Mary Jane, 
December 26, 1826; married William Stacy, 
February 23, 1848; she died July 29, 1892, 
and her husband died February 11, 1882. 5. 
Julia Aris, February 7, 1831 ; married Sep- 
tember 5, 1850, John Lyman ; he died March 
I, 1859: she died February 4, 1908. 6. Eliza 
Augusta, December 8, 1832: married. Decem- 
ber 15, 1853, Jotham Graves; he died Sep- 
tember 7, 1869; she died October 22, 1868. 7. 
Einily W'right, June 8, 1834. 8. Josiah 
Moody, March 21, 1837, died September 8, 
1839. Hiram Smith, the Connecticut boat- 
man, died in South Hadley, Massachusetts. 
March 6. 1873. His wife,' Mary (Moody) 
Smith, died January 27, 1871. 

(Vni) Hiram (2). second son of Hiram 
(i) and Mary (IMoody) Smith, was born in 
South Hadley, Massachusetts, July 24, 1824. 
He married, January 19, 1848, Harriette 
Sophia, daughter of Ellis and Ruby (.Mvord) 
Coney, and niece of Captain Broughton Al- 
vord, and they lived at South Hadlev Falls, 
where he was a member of the Congrega- 
tional church and active in town affairs, be- 
sides being postmaster and the leading mer- 
chant. He served as selectman during the 
years of the civil war and several terms after- 
ward, and was town treasurer at time of his 
death. Children of Hiram and Harriette 
Sophia (Coney) Smith, born in South Had- 
lev Falls: I. Elias Dwight. July 10, 1849. 
died April 22. 1851. 2. Hattie Victoria .^nn. 
July II. i8qo, died October 10. 1852. 3. Jen- 
nie Belle, November 22, 1858 ; married. No- 
vember 22, 1882. Elwyn D. Newcomb. 4. 

Fred Merwin, September 19, 1862; see for- 
ward. Hiram Smith, father of these chil- 
dren, died in South Hadley Falls, Massachu- 
setts, November 28, 1890, and his widow died 
October 14, 1902. 

(IX) Fred Merwin, only surviving son and 
fourth child of Hiram (2) and Harriette 
Sophia (Coney) Smith, was born in South 
Hadley Falls, Massachusetts, September 19. 
1862. He was graduated at the Williston 
Seminary, 1880. and at Amherst College, .\. 
B., 1884, where he was a member of the Delta 
Upsilon fraternity. He began active business 
life as a newspaper man, serving on the staff 
of the Springfield Union for three years. He 
next served as assistant treasurer of the Val- 
ley Paper Company of Holyoke for about 
five years, and for the same period of time 
served as treasurer of the Griffith, .\xtell & 
Cady Company, of Holyoke, after which he 
retired from active business. He served as a 
member of the school board from 1886 to 
1892 ; town treasurer from 1890 to 1902 ; rep- 
resentative in general court 1901-02. He 
affiliated with the Masonic fraternity, being 
a member of Mount Holyoke Lodge, of 
which he became past master ; Holyoke 
Chapter and Council of Holyoke; Springfield 
Commandery, Knights Templar ; Consistorv 
of Boston ; Melha Temple, Mystic Shrine, at 
Springfield : lona Lodge, Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, organized in 1908. He mar- 
ried, April 28. 1892, Evelyn H., daughter of 
Orsamus O. and Helen L. (Packer) Bard- 
well, of Shelburne, Massachusetts, grandaugh- 
ter of Joel and Lydia (Newhall) Bardwell. 
and of Rev. Daniel and Jemima (Jewett) 
Packer, of Mount Holly, \^ermont, and great- 
granddaughter of Gideon Bardwell. Evelyn 
H. Bardwell was born July 19, 1861. Chil- 
dren of Fred Merwin and Evelyn H. (Bard- 
well) Smith: i. Winthrop Hiram. June 30, 
1893. 2. Rachel Evelyn, September 17, 1804. 
died January 16. 1895. 3. Lincoln Bardwell. 
November 15, 1895. 4. Frederick Merwin. 
March 6, 1899. 

(The Alvord Line). 

The generations of the .\lvord line from 
whom Harriette Sophia (Coney) Smith, 
daughter of Ellis and Ruby (Alvord) Coney, 
and granddaughter of Calvin and Mary 
(Brewster) Alvord, is descended, is as fol- 
lows : 

(I) .Alexander Alvord, born in Somerset- 
shire, England, probably about 1620. came to 
Windsor, in the Connecticut Valley, with the 



earliest settlers of that ancient town, and 
about 1661 removed to Northampton, Mas- 
sachusetts Bay Colony, where he died Octo- 
ber 3, 1680. He married, October 29, 1646, 
Mary Voar, of Windsor, Connecticut. 

(II) Thomas, son of Alexander Alvord and 
Mary (Voar) Alvord, was born in Windsor, 
Connecticut. He married at Northampton, 
Massachusetts, March 22, 1681, Joanna Tay- 

(III) John, son of Thomas and Joanna 
(Taylor) Alvord, was born in Northampton, 
Massachusetts, October 19, 1685. He mar- 
ried, March 12, 1733, Dorcas Lyman. He 
settled on a farm at South Hadley, Massa- 
chusetts, and died there August 10, 1783. 

(IV) Gad, son of John and Dorcas (Ly- 
man) Alvord, was born on the homestead 
farm of his father in South Hadley, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1729. He married, November 17. 
1750, Lydia Smith, of South Hadley. They 
lived on the homestead and later moved to Wil- 
mington, Vermont, where he died. 

(V) Samuel, son of Gad and Lydia 
(Smith) Alvord, was born on the old home- 
stead of John Alvord, at South Hadley, Mas- 
sachusetts, November 27, 1751. He married 
Miriam White. They lived on the old home- 
stead and he died there July 19, 1814. 

(\ I) Calvin, son of Samuel and IMiriam 
(White) Alvord, was born on the old home- 
stead in South Hadley, Massachusetts, Au- 
gust 3, 1779. He married about 1800, Mary, 
born December 18, 1780, daughter of Jesse 
Brewster. They lived on the old homestead 
in South Hadley. Children: i. Broughton, 
born January 14, 1802, died July 16, 1886. 2. 
Ruby, January 22, 1805, see forward. 3. Cal- 
vin, March 14, 1810, died February 11, 1835. 
4. Mary Ann, January 4, 1814, died unmar- 
ried October 2, 1890. 5. Jesse Brewster, Au- 
gust 15, 1816, died November 22, 1863. Cal- 
vin Alvord. father of these children, died in 
South Hadley, Massachusetts, November 18. 
1857, and his wife died there June 30, 1837. 

(\TI) Ruby, first daughter and second 
child of Calvin and Mary (Brewster) Alvord, 
was born in South Hadley, Massachusetts, 
January 22, 1805, died November 10, 1836. 
She married (first) Ellis Coney, of Ware, 
born in that town November 4, 1799, died 
September 18, 1829, and they had one child, 
Harriette Sophia, who married Hiram Smith 
(see Smith. Mil). She married (second) 
Estus Cummings and they had one child, 
Mary Eliza Cummings. 

(VIII) Harriette Sophia, only child of El- 

lis and Ruby (Alvord) Coney, was born Oc- 
tober 2, 1827. She married, January 19, 1848, 
Hiram Smith, of South Hadley Falls, and had 
four children of whom Fred Merwin Smith 
was the youngest. 

The surname Gififing and Gififings 
GIFFIN is found at an early date in Eng- 
land. In Ireland a Protestant 
family named Gififen has been located in An- 
trim since the seventeenth century. There is 
good reason to believe that all the families 
spelling the name GiiTen or GifTin belong to 
this Antrim family. The coat-of-arms of the 
ancient Gififings family is : Azure fretty argent 
on a chief or two mullets gules. 

Among the Scotch-Irish that came to Wor- 
cester county, Massachusetts, in the great e.xo- 
dus to America from the north of Ireland 
were Robert and David Gififin and their sister 
Isabel, who located in the Spencer district, 
now the town of Spencer, Massachusetts. 
David Giffin was born in the parish of Bello- 
willing, county Antrim, Ireland, in 1686, died 
December 14, 1769; Robert was born there in 
1697, died in Spencer, July 16, 1770; Isabel 
was born there in 1695, died in Spencer, July 
29, 1770. They were frugal and industrious 
in their early years in this country and ac- 
quired property, but none of them married. 
David deeded his property to Robert and Isa- 
bel. Robert bequeathed to his "cousin" David 
Gilmore, then living with him, a comfortable 
support for life from the income of his real 
estate, which he gave, half to Thomas Kenady 
(or Cannady), son of Thomas Kenady, of 
Murrayfield, Hampshire county, Massachu- 
setts, and half to Robert Gififin, son of his 
brother John Gififin, late of county Antrim, 
Ireland. To get his share Robert must come 
to this country, however, and we find that he 
came; lived in Spencer and died there in 1795, 
having wasted his inheritance. The personal 
estate of Robert Gififin was divided between 
Thomas and Hannah Kenady, children of the 
said Thomas Kenady Sr., of Murrayfield. Isa- 
bel Gififin's will was dated May i, 1770, and 
John Cunningham was executor. She be- 
queathed to Thomas Cannedy Jr. (Kenady) 
then living with her, and to Robert Gififin, son 
of her brother John, late of county Antrim, 
deceased, providing for the support of David 
Gilmore, and giving her personal estate to 
Thomas Cannedy and his sister Hannah, also 
living with her. The estate was partitioned 
July 20, 1772, when Robert signed his assent 
to the division by which he received a half. 



There is a family of this name now in Antrim. 
In 1890 eight children of this name were born 
in that county, and but two of the name else- 
where in Ireland. 

(I) Simon GifHn, immigrant ancestor, was 
doubtless related to the quaint settlers in 
Spencer, but whether brother or nephew we 
have not discovered. Xo others of this name 
settled early in New England and Simon 
came a few years after the three mentioned, 
settling first in Bridgewater, Massachusetts, 
then as early as 1759 in Hardwick, Worcester 
county, in the vicinity of the home of the 
other three. By deeds dated within a month 
of each other in 1759, however, his residence 
is given as Halifax, Nova Scotia, where he 
lived before coming to Hardwick, and where 
he went after leaving Hardwick. He died in 
Halifax before 1795. Simon Giffin bought 
land in Hardwick of Joseph Green and Isaac 
Walker, March 3, 1759, and was called of 
Halifax, but the deed from Aaron and 
Stephen Forbush of land in Hardwick, April 
9, 1759, calls him of Bridgewater. Two of 
his sons, Simon and John, settled in Hard- 
wick, but we do not know that Simon (i) 
ever lived there. Possibly the Simon Giffin, 
of Bridgewater. was the son. John Pratt, of 
Sunderland, Massachusetts, sold land in 
Hardwick, part of the Colonel Dudley farm, 
April 3, 1759, to Samuel Giffin. Elisha Hig- 
gins, of Hardwick, sold to Simon Giffin, of 
Halifax, land he had taken on execution fol- 
lowing a judgment in the inferior court at 
Worcester in 1769. 

It is reasonable to place Robert Giffin, of 
.\bington, formerly part of Bridgewater, in 
this family ; he was a soldier in the revolu- 
tion, residing also in Dorchester, Milton and 
Boston, adjacent towns. He probably settled 
in Londonderry, New Hampshire, and mar- 
ried Agnes Taggat ; from them are descend- 
ed various New Hampshire and Vermont 
families. Children of Simon Giffin: i. Simon, 
born 1740, probably in Antrim, Ireland ; set- 
tled in Hardwick about 1759 and married 
there, March 24, 1761, Abigail, daughter of 
Elisha Higgins, formerly of Palmer ; he died 
at Wethersfield, Connecticut, November, 
1820, aged eighty : his wife died there Decem- 
ber 20, 1813, aged seventy-three; children, 
born at Hardwick: i. Edward, born Decem- 
ber 3, 1761 : ii. James, February 22, 1764; iii. 
David Dodge, September 8, 1766, died at 
Ogdesburg, New York, Alarch or April, 1840. 
2. John, mentioned below. 3. Daughter, 
married John Morrison. 

(II) John, son of Simon Giffin, was born in 
Nova Scotia, or in county Antrim, Ireland, 
in 1748. He settled on his father's land in 
Hardwick, Massachusetts, with his brother 
Simon Jr. He was a soldier in the revolu- 
tion, a musician according to the records. 
The history of Hardwick states that he was a 
drummer, serving from the beginning to the 
end of the war. He was in Captain Samuel 
Billings's company. Colonel Learned's regi- 
ment, October, 1775, and later; in Captain 
Timothy Paige's company, Colonel James 
Converse's regiment in 1777 at Bennington. 
In the continental army rolls of 1780 his age 
is given as thirty-two, height five feet four 
inches, and complexion light. He was in the 
campaign in New York in 1780. After the 
death of his father he bought the shares of 
his brother Simon, then of Wethersfield, 
Hartford county, Connecticut, a quarter in- 
terest in one hundred and ninety-four acres 
of land of their father Simon, late of Halifax, 
deceased, bounded by land of Jesse Snow 
and the west side of the town line, by deed 
dated March 4, 1795. On the same day a 
half right of this same property was deeded 
bv John !\Iorrison, of Enfield, Connecticut, 
to John Giffin, who doubtless himself owned 
the fourth share. Part of this land John 
deeded to his son, Calvin Giffin, in 1803, with 
a gore adjoining ; Calvin deeded it to his 
brother, Abner Giffin, September 14, 1803. 
.\11 of the Giffins were yeomen or farmers. 
John Giffin married, September 7, 1769, Mary 
Weeks, at Hardwick: (second) July 22, 1783, 
Keziah Smith, of Hardwick. Children, born 
at Hardwick: i. Calvin, March ii, 1770; set- 
tled in Hampshire county about 1802. 2. 
Janet, September 4, 1773. 3. Abner, Sep- 
teml)er, 1777, mentioned below. 4. Anson, 
1787; a painter and famous as a drummer; 
married Anna, daughter of Paul Paige, May 
30, 1809; removed to Hardwick, \'ermont, 
and later to North Brookfield, Massachu- 
setts, where he died August 9, 1870. 5. Fan- 
ny, married, March 25, 1810. Willard Clark. 

(III) Abner, son of John Giffin, was born 
in Hardwick, September, 1777. He married 
(intention dated I\Iay 3, 1801) Polly Strat- 
ton. who died September 4, 181 1, aged twen- 
ty-nine. He married ( second) (intention dated 
December 20, 181 3) Mary or Mercy Walker 
(Wicker), who died at ^^'are, January 29, 
1865, aged eighty years. He died at Hard- 
wick intestate November 4, 1836. Ebenezer 
Burr Jr. administered the estate on petition 
of the widow Mercy, appointed November 



24, 1836. The probate records show that John 
W. was the only child then of age in the 
county. Children, born at Hardwick: i. 
Alma, 1802, died November 26, 1809. 2. 
John \\'atson, 1804, mentioned below. 3. 
Child, 1810, died November 12, 1815. 4. 
Lauriston. 5. Samantha, married, November 
8. 1832, ^^'i^iam Woodward, of Ware. 6. 
James F., about 1823; married, December 12. 
1848, Elvira A. Newton; one son, Elbridge ; 
daughter Elvira Augusta, born August 3, 
1856, married, December 8, 1875, William A. 
Xewton, of Dana, Massachusetts. 

(IV) John Watson, son of Abner Giffin, 
was born in Hardwick in 1804, died in Barre, 
^Massachusetts, May 20, 1874. He married, 
at Hardwick, December 25. 1834, Achsah 
Berry, bom at Prescott, Massachusetts. 1810, 
died in Barre in 1884. He was a farmer in 
Barre all his active life. Children, born in 
Barre: i. Lucius Oren, September 24, 1836; 
resides at New Salem; married (first) 
Rosepha A. Paige, of Winchester, New 
Hampshire; (second) Mrs. Jane (Smith) 
Webster, of New Salem, ^Massachusetts ; has 
son and daughter, Charles and jMarian ; Lucius 
Oren is a fine violinist, and both wives were 
excellent pianists. 2. Julia ]\L, 1837, died 
October, 1839, at Barre. 3. Lauriston, Oc- 
tober 2-], 1841, died at Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, June 9, 1889; married Louise Conkey, of 
Hardwick, Massachusetts ; had two sons, Fred 
and Harry. 4. Mary Ellen ( twin ) , February 
22, 1845, died August 22. 1879: married John 
D. Fisher, of Dana, Massachusetts. 5. ^lar- 
tha Helen (twin), February 22, 1845, died 
May 9. 1904: married Albert H. Flagg, of 
Dana. ^lassachusetts. had a daughter Delia. 
6. William Herbert, mentioned below. 

(V) William Herbert, son of John Watson 
Gififin, was born at Barre, January 19, 1832. He 
was educated in the public schools of his native 
town, and served an apprenticeship at the car- 
penter's trade. About the time he came of 
age he began business on his own account as a 
carpenter and builder. He was employed by 
large contractors as superintendent and sub- 
contractor for nearly forty years. The fol- 
lowing buildings were constructed under his 
supervision : ]Memorial Hall and church at 
Rockville. Connecticut, and the Wakefield 
church. He had the contract for the Leo- 
minster town hall, a church at Hartford and 
many other private residences and public build- 
ings in the vicinity of his home. He has been 
connected with the building firms of Flint 
Building & Construction Com]5any, Palmer & 

Darling Brothers; Cutting & Bardwell, Wor- 
cester, Massachusetts. Li recent years he has 
been occupied chiefly in the lumber business, 
buying standing timber and wood-lots, cutting 
the timber and dealing in lumber, shingles and 
other building material. He has made his 
home in Greenwich, Massachusetts, since 1879. 
He is a Republican in politics and has been 
a selectman three terms and is at present hold- 
ing that office. In religion he is a Congrega- 
tionalist. He married, at Hardwick, June 29, 
1875, Eliza J., born 1856, daughter of Joseph 
W. and Elizabeth (Richardson) Stevens. (See 
Stevens, VII). Their only child, Grace Eliz- 
abeth, was born at Hardwick, Alarch 7, 1877, 
died May 11, 1891. They have adopted a son 
of Mrs. Giffin's sister, Linwood J., born 
March 21, 1892. 

Sergeant John Stephens or 
STEVENS Stevens, immigrant ancestor, 

was a proprietor of Salisbury 
in 1640; was a commoner and taxed in 1650- 
52-54. He received land in the first division, 
and his name appears on petitions of the town. 
He was born about 161 1, died February, 1688- 
89. He was a member of the Salisbury church 
in 1687. His will was dated April 12, 1686, 
and proved November 26, 1689. He was a 

farmer. He married Katherine , who 

died July 31, 1682. Children: i. Thomas 
(probably), mentioned below. 2. John, born 
November 2. 1639; married. February 17, 
1669-70, Joanna Thorn. 2. Elizabeth, Alarch 
7, 1641, died 1641. 4. Elizabeth, February 4, 
1642; married, October 14, 1661, Morris 
Tucker. 5. Nathaniel, November 11, 1645; 
married (first) Mary ; (second) Decem- 
ber 20, 1677, Mehitable Colcord. 6. Mary, 
1647; married (first) November 5, 1668, John 
Osgood; (second) Nathaniel Whittier. 7. 
Benjamin. February 2, 1650; married, October 
28, 1673, Hannah Barnard. 

(II) Deacon Thomas, probably son of John 
Stevens, was born about 1637, died April 14, 
1729. John Stephens Senior, of Salisbury, 
deeded to him in January, 1667-68, land on the 
west side of the Powow river. On this ac- 
count, probably, he was not mentioned in his 
father's will. He resided first in Salisbury, 
but was granted a common right in Amesbury 
in March. 1668-69, and in October, 1669, 
bought a house and land there of Ezekiel 
Wathen. He took the oath of allegiance in 
1677 and was a member of the train band in 
1680. He was selectman in 1686 and was ad- 
mitted a freeman in 1690; schoolmaster in 



1693. His will was dated November 29, 1723, 
and proved April 28, 1729. He married, April 
15, 1670, at Newbury, Martha Bartlett, who 
died September 8, 1718. Children: i. Abi- 
gail, born January 22, 1673-74 ; married, June 
19, 1694, Abel ]\lerrill. 2. Roger, mentioned 
below. 3. Son, died young. 4. Martha, mar- 
ried, December 4, 1701, Robert Hoyt. 5. Sar- 
ah, married Thomas Chase. 6. Mary, mar- 
ried, December 17, 1702, Thomas Sargent. 7. 
Hannah, married, July 28, 1709, Nathaniel 
Merrill. 8. John, born November 15, 1686, 
died June 26, 1687. 9. Thomas, April 18, 
1688; married. May 12, 1709, Mary Davis. 
ID. Ebenezer, March 26, 1690; married, Janu- 
ary II, 1710-11, John Blaisdell, Jr. 

(HI) Roger, son of Deacon Thomas Stev- 
ens, was born in Amesbury and settled in 
Northborough, where he was a clothier. He 
bought of John Perry a house lot in Brookfield 
November i, 1729. He died December 26, 
1730. He married, November 24, 1698, Sarah 
Nichols. Children: i. Abigail, born July 17, 

1705 ; married Rowell. 2. Roger, May 

22, 1708. 3. Sarah, January 31, 1709-10; mar- 
ried Hartshorn. 4. Thomas, Novem- 
ber 21, 171 1, mentioned below. 5. Jacob, Oc- 
tober 24, 1713. 6. Nehemiah, May 26, 1715. 
7. Martha, September 27, 1717. 8. Christo- 

(TV) Thomas (2), son of Roger Stevens, 
was born in Marlborough, Massachusetts, 
November 21, 171 1, but removed with his 
father to Brookfield in boyhood. He deeded 
to his brother, Jacob Stephens, a farm of 
forty acres in Brookfield, formerly owned by 
John Wolcott. Both Jacob and Thomas lived 
soon afterward in Hardwick, an adjacent 
town. Thomas sold eighty-four acres of land 
in the west part of the town to Ephraim 
Cleveland, March 27, 1761, and probably re- 
moved from town. He married at Brookfield 
(intentions dated January 15, 1748-49) Eliza- 
beth Perkins. Children, born at Hardwick : 
I. Mary, October 3, 1749. 2. Nehemiah, 
March 5, 1752. 3. Thomas, March 27, 1754, 
mentioned below. 4. Elizabeth, November 
20, 1756. 

(V) Thomas (3). son of Thomas (2) Stev- 
ens, was born in Hardwick, March 27, 1754- 
He lived at Hardwick and in that part of 
Hardwick set off as Dana. His will is dated 
January I, 181 7, and proved June 2, 1 8 19. 
He married (intention dated November 18, 
1815) Abigail Hale, of Dana, doubtless his 
second wife. He died June 15, 1819. His 
will names his son Jacob as executor ; be- 

queaths to the children named below. His 
widow Abigail had a son Barnard obligated 
to support her by a contract made before her 
marriage. Children: i. Robert, married, Oc- 
tober 9, 1794, Abigail Davis. 2. Jacob, mar- 
ried, 1796, Hannah Thayer; lived in Hard- 
wick where he died April 16, 1833. 3. Caleb. 
4. Daniel, mentioned below. 5. Polly, mar- 
ried, November 28, 1793, William Thayer. 6. 
Abigail. 7. Lucinda, married Free- 
man. 8. Deborah, married (intention dated 
March 22, 1819) Seth Whipple. 

(\T) Daniel, son of Thomas (3) Stevens, 
was born at Hardwick, about 1789-90, died 
there May, 1864. He married (intention 
dated April 14, 181 1) Rebecca, daughter of 
Moses Whipple. She died at Dana, Decem- 
ber 7, 1873, aged eighty-three. Children: i. 
Lewis, born May 11, 1813, died February 14, 
1850. 2. Cyrus Washburn, October 15, 1815; 
married, December 31, 1837, Lucy Richard- 
son, of Dana, and died there November i, 
1866. 3. Joseph Whipple, October 18, 1817, 
mentioned below. 4. Almon Gififin, July 28, 
1824; married, .-X.pril, 1852, Malvina Roberts. 
(VH) Joseph Whipple, son of Daniel Stev- 
ens, was born at Hardwick, October 18, 1817. 
He was a farmer in Hardwick all his life. He 
died September 22, 1861. He married, March 
23, 1843, Elizabeth C, daughter of Seth and 
Alice (Johnson) Richardson, born January 
22, 1824, died May 19, 1893. Children: i. 
Son, born November 12, 1843, died ne.xt day. 
2. .\lbert Augustine, January 31, 1850; re- 
sides in Greenwich village. 3. Elizabeth 
Adelia, February 23, 1853, died June 2-j , 1856. 
4. Eliza Jane, May 11, 1856; married, June 
29, 1875, William H. Giffin. (See Giffin, V). 
Elizabeth C. (Richardson) Stevens married 
(second) August 21, 1862, Philip Johnson; 
child, Alice M. Johnson, born September 11, 
1863, died June 28, 1892. 

James Bowker, immigrant an- 
BOWKER cestor, came from Sweden to 

Scituate, Massachusetts, about 
the time of King Philip's war. His wife Mary 
died there September 12, 1686. His farm was 
laid out east of the Burnt Plain and west of 
Samuel Bryant's land. His house was near 
the corner of the field a few rods west of the 
house of his late grandson, Edmund Bowker. 
Children: i. James, mentioned below. 2. 
Mary, baptized 1686. 3. Lazarus, 1686. 4. 
Mary, May 27, 1705. 5. Elizabeth, May 27, 
1705. 6. Edmund. 

(H) James (2), son of James ( i ) Bowker, 



was born in Scitiiate probably about 1685. He 
was baptized with his son Lazarus, June 28, 
1719, in the Second Church of Scituate. He 
succeeded to his father's homestead at Scitu- 
ate. He married, 171 7, Hannah Lambert, 
baptized June 28, 1719, with her husband and 
son, and joined the church in full communion, 
August 5, 1733. His sons, Lazarus, James, 
John and Edmund, settled on the original 
homestead ; Joseph moved to Maine. Chil- 
dren : I. Lazarus, baptized June 28, 1719, 
mentioned below. 2. James, May 20, 1722. 3. 
John, May 23, 1725. 4. Joseph, removed to 
Maine. 5. Edmund, born August 20, 1732, 
died at the age of ninety- four in Scituate. 

(HI) Lazarus, son of James (2) Bowker, 
was born in Scituate and baptized there June 
28, 1719. His wife Abigail joined the Second 
Church of Scituate, May 13, 1744. He was 
a soldier in the revolution, sergeant in Captain 
John Clapp's company. Colonel John Bailey's 
regiment, on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 
1775. He was then an old man for military 
duty, and possibly this service should be credit- 
ed to his son. He was a member of the Sec- 
ond Church. Children, born at Scituate and 
baptized in the Second Church: i. Lazarus, 
baptized March 11, 1743, mentioned below. 2. 
Abigail, born November 30, 1745. 3. Ger- 
shom, baptized October 4, 1747. 4. Bartel, 
baptized in private, September 12, 1748. 5. 
Demmick, born April i, 1750. 6. Jonathan, 
baptized June 7, 1752. 7. Jonathan, baptized 
March 30, 1754. 8. Lemuel, baptized Febru- 
ary 16, 1755. 9. Nabby, baptized March 26, 
1757- (See p. 62, N. E. Reg. 1906). 

(IV) Lazarus (2), son of Lazarus (i) 
Bowker, was baptized in Scituate, March 11, 
1742. He was a soldier in the revolution and 
was called "Jr." to distinguish him from his 
father; was a private in Captain Thomas 
Collomer's company. Colonel John Cush- 
ing's regiment (Plymouth county), Decem- 
ber 8, 1776, from Scituate. He was a 
member of the Second Church of Scitu- 
ate in 1810, and lived in Scituate to an ad- 
vanced age. His wife Sarah died at }iIilton, 
Massachusetts, September 11, 1775, and he 
then resided in Scituate; married (second) 
January 18, 1781, Ruth Daniels. His wife, 
probably Ruth, died at Scituate, October 18, 
1787, aged forty-one years. He was then 
called "Jr.", indicating that his father was liv- 
ing. The church records from 1757 to 1791 
have been lost and the baptismal records of 
his children are wanting. Among the chil- 
dren was Lazarus, mentioned below. 

^ (\ ) Lazarus (3), son of Lazarus (2) 
Bowker, was born in Scituate. He was edu- 
cated there in the common schools and learned 
the trade of mason. He became a prominent 
mason and built and was the contractor for the 
first JNIinot Ledge lighthouse built bv the gov- 
ernment. He constructed the first tombs built 
in Mount Auburn cemetery, near Boston. He 
had many large and difficult contracts. He 
lived in Boston. He married Martha Cushing. 
Children: i. Desire, married James Vinal, a 
hardware merchant having a store in Dock 
square, Boston; their child, James \\\ Vinal, 
succeeded to the business, married Amelia 
Webster. 2. Perez, married Eunice Jordan; 
children : i. William, died young ; ii. George, 
married Anne Stedman and had two children^ 
of whom one died in infancy and the other, 
George E., died at the age of twenty-one years, 
unmarried; iii. Celementina, married George 
Ripley, of Plingham, Alassachusetts. 3. Al- 
mira, married John Henry Jones, of Scituate; 
children: i. Abbie; ii. Ella; iii. Sarah Ada- 

Ime, married Morse, a school teacher ; 

iv. Emma Dora. 4. Abbie, married Stephen 
Greenwood: children: Edward, Frank, Alin- 
nie. 5. Martha, married William Green, of 
Boston; children: William and Maria. 6. 
Joseph, died young. 7. Winslow Lewis, men- 
tioned below. 

(\T) Winslow Lewis, son of Lazarus (3) 
Bowker, was born in Boston, October 25, 
1825, in the family home on Myrtle street. He 
was educated in the public and high schools of 
his native city. .A.t graduation from the Frank- 
lin grammar school he received one of the first 
medals ever given out. At the age of seven- 
teen he began to work in the store of Henry 
Fay, a flour dealer of Boston. Later the busi- 
ness was conducted by the firm of Fay & 
Farwell and he continued in various positions 
with this house for a period of twenty years. 
He then engaged in business on his own ac- 
count as a fire insurance broker, having his of- 
fice with the firm of Hovey & Fenno, Congress 
street, Boston. He was agent for the Hart- 
ford Fire Insurance Company of Hartford, 
Connecticut. He had an extensive and profit- 
able business. In 1896 he retired on account 
of failing health, and died at his home in Cam- 
bridge, December 15, 1904. He was a mem- 
ber of Mizpah Lodge of Free Masons, of 
Cambridge, Massachusetts. When a young 
man he became acquainted with the chaplain 
of the state prison at Charlestovvn and for a 
time taught a Sunday school class in that in- 
stitution. He had an exemplary character, a 



fine presence and an attractive personality, 
and made many friends. 

He married Susan E., daughter of William 
and Sally (Drake) Swain, of Chichester, New 
Hampshire. Her mother is said to have been 
descended from Sir Francis Drake, the fa- 
mous navigator of England. William Swain's 
father was William Swain. William and Sal- 
ly (Drake) Swain had children: i. Elmira, 
unmarried: ii. George, died young; iii. Abra- 
ham, married Elmira Eaton, of Pittsfield, New 
Hampshire : iv. Emeline, married John C. 
Morrill ; v. Olive, married James Brooks, of 
Lewiston, Maine: vi. Sarah; vii. George, 
married Mary Saunders, of Epsom, New 
Hampshire; viii. David; ix. Mehitable, mar- 
ried Harrison E. Maynard, of the firm of H. 
Maynard & Son, of Boston, wholesale flour 
merchants of Boston ; he had the finest private 
collection of paintings, etc., in the city. x. 
Mary Ann, married Herbert Sanborn, of Chi- 
chester, New Hampshire; xi. William; xii. 
Susan. The only child of Winslow Lewis and 
Susan E. (Swain) Bowker was Arthur Liver- 
more, mentioned below. 

(VH) Arthur Livermore, son of Winslow 
Lewis Bowker, was born in Cambridge, Sep- 
tember 2, 1 86 1, died there June 4, 1908. He 
was educated in the public schools of his na- 
tive city and became a professional auditor 
and accountant. At the time of his death 
he stood in the front ranks of his profession. 
In politics he was independent. He married, 
January 17, 1889, Gertrude, daughter of 
George and Augusta S. (Martin) Cooke, of 
Newburyport, Massachusetts. They had one 
child, Helen, born January 10, 1892, now a 
student in Howard Seminary of West Bridge- 
water, Massachusetts. 

Francis Rand, immigrant ances- 
Rx-\ND tor of this branch of the family, 

was one of a company of men 
sent to America in 1631 to settle in the Pis- 
cataqua section. He settled in Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, and had lands granted to 
him in that part of the town which became 

Rye. He married Christina . who was 

killed by Indians while her husband was away 
at the mill. He was killed by Indians, Sep- 
tember 29, 1691. His will was dated in 1689, 
snd proved February 19, 1(591-2. Children: 
T. Thomas, mentioned below. 2. Samuel. 3. 
John, born 1645 ; married Remembrance 
Ault. 4. Nathaniel. 5. Sarah, married 

Herrick. 6. Mary, married 


(II) Thomas, son of Francis Rand, lived in 
Rye, New Hampshire. His will was dated 
February 25, 1731-2. He married Elizabeth 

. Children: i. Thomas, married. May 

22, 1722, Hannah Pray. 2. William, married 

Betsey . 3. Joshua, mentioned below. 

4. Samuel, married Sarah Dowrst. 5. Han- 
nah. 6. Christina, married Shute. 7. 

Mary, married, November 2-j, 1729, William 
Chamberlain. 8. Elizabeth. 9. Lydia, mar- 
ried Foss. 

(III) Joshua, son of Thomas Rand, was 
born in Rye, and married, November 23, 
1738, Mary Aloses, of Portsmouth. He lived 
in Rye, and died about 1787. Children: i. 
John, born 1742; mentioned below. 2. Mary, 
born 1744; married (first) Samuel Hunt; 
(second) Joseph Marden. 3. Joseph, mar- 
ried. May 24. 1764, Susannah Goss. 4. 
Sarah, born 1749; married August 18, 1767, 
Levi Goss ; died September 17, 1808. 4. 
Hannah, born 1752; married, July 26, 1772, 
Benjamin Marden. 5. Rebecca, married, 
July 6, 1773, Alexander Morrison. 6. 
Joshua, born 1758; mentioned below. 7. 
.Samuel, born 1762; married, January 5, 1784. 
Hannah Dolbear. 

(IV) Joshua (2), son of Joshua (i) Rand, 
was born in 1758, and died March 13, 1791. 
He was in the revolution, in Captain Na- 
thaniel Rand's company, in 1776. This com- 
pany was afterwards assigned to the First 
regiment, and then to various other regi- 
ments. Joshua Rand's name appears on a 
petition of members of the company asking 
that thev be allowed to become again an in- 
dependent company, or to remain with the 
First regiment, as they had been "so many 
times changed that they were worn out with 
travelling". He married Ruth Seavey, who 
died July 2, 1829, daughter of William 
.Seavey. Children: i. Joshua, born 1780; 
married Betsey Houston ; served in war of 
1812. 2. William S., born 1781 ; married, 
August 12, 1804, Dolly Rollins ; died June 22, 
1854. 3. Samuel, born 1783; mentioned be- 
low. 4. Theodore, baptized April 15, 1787; 
unmarried ; died at sea. 5. Hitty, baptized 
1788; married James Elkins. 6. Moses, bap- 
tized August 30, 1789: died June i, 181 1, of 
smallpox. 7. James, died November 23, 
1807, knocked overboard at sea. 8. Mary, 
married Nicholas Mason. 9. Daniel, bap- 
tized December 25, 1777; died October 10, 
1851; married, February 24, 1801, Dorothy 

(V) Samuel, son of Joshua (2) Rand, was 



born in Rye, in 1783, and died in 1822. He 
married (first) in i8c8, Martha Locke; (sec- 
ond) her sister, Hannah Locke. He was a 
shoe-maker, and conducted a successful busi- 
ness until his death. He and his family were 
members of the Universalist church. He 
married (first) in 1808, Martha Locke, a na- 
tive of Portsmouth ; (second) Hannah, sister 
of his first wife. Child of first wife : i. Aaron 
L., a painter by trade ; children : i. Martha 
H., died a young woman, unmarried ; ii. Mar- 
garet, died unmarried, aged about thirty-five 
years ; iii. Georgiette, died unmarried, a 
young woman ; iv. .\bbie Slater, died unmar- 
ried ; V. Eliza, died unmarried, a young 
woman ; vi. Samuel Abbot, succeeded to his 
father's business as painter, and resides in his 
native city, Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 
Children of second wife : 2. Samuel G., died 
young. 3. Ruth Seaver, died unmarried. 4. 
Joshua, died unmarried, in middle life. 5. 
Martha S., married Edward Anderson. 6. 
Albert, died unmarried. 7. Samuel Streeter. 
mentioned below. 

(VI) Samuel Streeter, son of Samuel Rand. 
was born June i. 1819, at Portsmouth. He 
Avas educated there in the public schools, and 
learned the trade of tinsmith. He worked 
one year as journeyman after completing his 
apprenticeship at Portsmouth, then removed 
to Holderness . New Hampshire, where he 
worked from 1849 to 1851. He then engaged 
in business in Claremont, New Hampshire, 
on his own account. For a period of thirty- 
five years he continued in active business, en- 
joying a large trade and substantial success, 
and attaining a prominent position among the 
business men of Claremont and vicinity. He 
retired in 1886 and continued to live at Clare- 
mont until 1903, since when he has resided at 
Roslindale, Boston, with his son Fred. He 
enjoys his faculties and health, to an unusual 
degree, notwithstanding his age, and his kindly 
and cheerfiu disposition and sterling character 
have made many friends for him in his present 
home. He married, July i, 1848, Lucinda 
Brown, a native of Claremont, born March 6, 
1819, died there April 13, 1865. Children: i. 
Edgar E., born Alay 17, 1849: died in middle 
life, leaving three sons. 2. Oscar B., born July 
8, 185 1 : a successful and enterprising hard- 
ware merchant at Claremont : unmarried. 3. 
Hattie L., born November 18, 1855 : died un- 
married, at her father's home, November 
18. 1893. 4. Fred DeForest. mentioned be- 

(VH) Fred DeForest. son of Samuel 

Streeter Rand, was born in Claremont, April 
3, 1859. He was educated there in the public 
schools and was in the stove, tinware and 
plumbing business in his native town until 
1890. when he established a grocery store at 
Roslindale, in Boston, Massachusetts. He 
built up a large trade by ceaseless industry and 
great energy, and for some years has been 
counted among the most successful business 
men of the place. His store has attracted the 
patronage of the best families of that section, 
and in many respects is a model grocery. He 
has invested to some extent in real estate in 
Roslindale. Besides his own residence at the 
head of Conway street, he has two other 
houses on the same street. He has few inter- 
ests outside his business and home. In politics 
he is independent. 

He married, at Concord, Xew Hampshire, 
March 5, 1899, Alice Bradbury Morrill, born 
at Sanbornton, January 25, 1863, daughter of 
Bradbury Alorrison and Anne ( Proctor ) Mor- 
rill. Mrs. Rand holds membership in 
the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion through two ancestors who fought 
in the revolutionary war — James Proc- 
tor and Nathan Morrill ; and she is 
an active member of Bunker Hill Chapter. 
She is also a member of the Roslindale Wo- 
man's Alliance and much interested in its 
work. She is an active member of the Uni- 
tarian Church. Mr. and Mrs. Rand have one 
child, Harold Morrill, born February 9, 1891, 
now a student in the Mechanic Arts High 

Abraham Morrill, immigrant 
MORRILL ancestor, came to Cambridge, 

Massachusetts, from Eng- 
land, before 1636, when he appears on the list 
of proprietors of that town. He was in Cam- 
bridge in 1632, according to some authorities, 
and may have come on the same ship or at the 
same time with his brother, Isaac Morrill. We 
know that the latter embarked on the ship 
"Lion". June 22, 1632, and arrived at Boston, 
September 16, 1632. Isaac was a blacksmith 
by trade ; settled at Roxbury ; was admitted 
freeman March 4, 1632-33 ; was member of 
the Roxbury church, and of the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company of Boston ; was 
constable and one of the four richest men in 
the town; he died December 18, 1661. aged 
seventy- four years. Abraham was fined in 
1 641 for "selling his time to a servant" one 
of the peculiar offenses under the Puritan 
code. Possibly the servant was a prisoner of 



war. Morrill removed to Salisbury, and was 
a proprietor there in 1640. He owned land in 
Haverhill in 1649. He was also a blacksmith 
and iron founder as well as planter. He had 
grants of land in the first division at Salisbury 
in 1640-44-54; was a commoner, and taxed in 
1650. He signed a petition of the inhabitants 
of Salisbury in 1658. He married, June 10, 
1645, Sarah Clement. He fell sick while on a 
visit to his brother in Roxbury, and died there 
June 20, 1662. His will was dated June 18, 
and proved October 14, 1662. The widow con- 
veyed to Thomas Bradbury and her brother 
Job Clement certain property in trust for her 
daughter Hepsibah (born after her father's 
death) by deed dated November i, 1665. The 
widow married (second) October 8, 1665. 
Thomas Mudgett. Children: i. Isaac, born 
July 10, 1646; married November 14, 1670, 
Phebe Gill. 2. Jacob, born August 24, 1648; 
mentioned below. 3. Sarah, born October 14, 
1650; married (first) January 5, 1670, Philip 
Rowell; (second) July 31, 1695, Onesiphorus 
Page; (third) May 29, 1708, IDaniel Merrill. 
4. Abraham, born November 14, 1652 ; mar- 
ried Sarah Bradbury. 5. Moses, born Decem- 
ber 28, 1655; married (first) Rebecca Barnes; 
(second) Mary . 6. Aaron, born Au- 
gust 9, 1658; died January 31, 1658-59. 7. 
Richard, born February 6, 1659-60. 8. Lydia, 
born March 8, 1660-61 : married, November 
9, 1682, Ephraim Severance. 9. Hepsibah, 
born Januarv, 1662-63; married (Taptain John 

(H) Jacob, son of .Abraham Morrill, was 
born August 24, 1648, and died April 23, 1718. 
He was a Quaker. He was a householder of 
Salisbury, and took the oath of fidelity and 
allegiance in 1677, was admitted freeman in 
1690; he commanded a garrison at his house 
in 1 69 1, and was a soldier at Wells in 1696. 
His will was dated March 20 and proved May 
26, 1718. He married, July 15, 1674, Su- 
sanna, daughter of Thomas Whittier. She 
died February 15, 1726-27, and her son Israel 
administered her estate. Children: i. Ezekiel, 
born September 29, 1675 ; married, January 
22, 1704-05, Abigail Wadleigh ; (second") 
Sarah Clough, widow. 2. Ensign Thomas, 
married, June 7, 1705. Hannah Allen; died 
June 13, 1728. 3. Hannah, married January 
14, 1701-02, Joseph Stockman. 4. Ruth, born 
October 9, 1686; married (first) probably 

Henry Young; (second) Edwards. 5. 

Jacob, born May 2, 1689 ; mentioned below. 
6. Aaron, married (first) January 21. 1718-10, 
Joanna (Dow) Heath, widow; (second) 

Eleanor Jones. 7. Susanna, born June 14, 
1696; married, November 25, 17 14, Israel 
Webster. 8. Israel, born March i, 1698-99; 
married Mary Adams. 

(Ill) Jacob (2), son of Jacob (i) Morrill, 
as born in Salisbury, May 2, 1689, and bap- 
tized, an adult, August 3, 1712. He was a res- 
ident of Kingston, New Hampshire, in 1740, 
and as late as 175 1. He married (probably 
first) February 2, 1709-10, Mary, daughter of 
John Webster. She died before 1732, and it 
is said that he had another wife Mary. Chil- 
dren: I. Susanna, born August 5, 1714; mar- 
ried (first) February 10, 1731-2, John Collins; 
(second) September 27, 1737, Jacob Gale. 2. 
Henry, mentioned below. 3. Apphia, mar- 
ried December 13, 1735, Joseph Swasey. 4. 
Jacob, married Abigail . 

( I\' ) Deacon Henry, son of Jacob Morrill, 
was born about 1715, and died October 9, 1799. 
His will was dated February 10, 1792. He 
lived in Kingston and Hawke, New Hamp- 
shire, and signed the Association Test in 1776. 
He married (first) Susanna P'olsom, who died 
November 17, 1778, in her fifty-seventh year, 
daughter of Nathaniel Folsom ; (second) 
March 18, 1779, Anne (Tuxbury) Colby, wid- 
ow of Moses Colby, of Hawke, and she prob- 
ably survived him. Children: i. Susanna, 
married December 22, 1763, Timothy Blake. 
2. Aphia, married, December 6, 1770, Nehe- 
miah Sleeper. 3. Miriam, married, December 
23, 1777, Simeon Hoyt. 4. Sarah, married 
Noah Weeks. 5. Nathaniel, born November 
I, 1762; mentioned below. 6. Henry, born 
March 13, 1768: died young. 

(V) Nathaniel, son of Deacon Henry Mor- 
rill, was born November i, 1762, and died in 
1844. He was a soldier in the revolution, from 
Hawke, New Hampshire, a recruit in the Con- 
tinental army in 1780, mustered at Kingston, 
by General josiah Bartlett, and sent to Wor- 
cester, Massachusetts. He gave his age in 
1780 as eighteen. He resided at*Hawke and 
Sanbornton, New Hampshire. He was tax 
collector of Hawke before removing in 1801 
to Sanbornton, where he owned lot 40, second 
division, near the Pennigewasset. He was a 
farmer, kind, benevolent and industrious. He 
married (first) June, 1783, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Edward Eastman. She died November 
15. 1 84 1, aged seventy-nine years. Her grave- 
stone quotes the lines ; "Welcome day that 
ends the cares of my declining years." He 
married (second) Sally (Johnson) Flanders, 
widow of Eliphalet Flanders. He died Janu- 
ary 20, 1844, of paralysis, aged eighty-two 



years, and was buried on the farm. From his 
epitaph we quote : 

"I've come to rest from mortal cares 
Beside the partner of my years." 

Children of first wife, born at Sanbornton, 
except the eldest : i. Henry, May 5, 1784, bap- 
tized at Hawke. 2. Sarah. July 5, 1786 ; mar- 
ried David Shaw. 3. Susanna, December 14. 
1788; married Samuel George. 4. Edward, 
June 21, I7fli. 5. Nancy, May 9, 1793; mar- 
ried May 31, 1819, John Colby Jr. 6. Oba- 
diah Eastman, March 21, 1786. 7. Folsom, 
December 9. 1798; mentioned below. 8. Bet- 
sey, Alarch I, 1801 ; married John Simonds. g. 
Huldah Weeks, October 3, 1804; married Dea- 
con Joseph F'ellows. 10. Nathaniel. December 
13, 1807. 

(V'l) Folsom, son of Nathaniel Morrill, was 
born at Hawke, New Hampshire, December 
9, 1798. He inherited half his father's home- 
stead at Sanbornton, and bought the other 
half of his brother Edward Morrill. He built 
a house north of his father's on the bank of 
the Penningewasset. He was a farmer and 
lumberman, and became one of the wealthiest 
and most influential men of his native town. 
He married, March 10, 1825, Rosilla, daugh- 
ter of Bradbury Morrison. She died Febru- 
ary 16, 1874, in her seventy-second year. 
Children, born at Sanbornton: I. Asa Morri- 
son, April 4, 1836; died July 8, 1849. -■ ^^- 
thaniel Folsom, April 26, 1829 (twin) ; mar- 
ried Catherine A. Wilder, of New Ipswich; 
born April 20, 1834; resided 1875-80 in Wel- 
lesle}', ^Massachusetts. 3. Bradbury Morri- 
son, (twin with Nathaniel), mentioned below. 
4. .\mbrosia Rosilla, November 24, 1836; 
married. December 31, 1873, Rev. Elisha H. 
Wright, born October 22, 1835 ; he was the 
Christian Baptist minister at Manchester and 
Hill, New Hampshire, in Connecticut, and 
Bristol, Rhode Island ; after 1850 officiated at 
Hill, New Hampshire: children: i. Robert 
Wright, born October 3, 1877. 5. Obadiah, 
February ir, 1844: insurance broker at Con- 
cord; married, January i, 1874, Lilla W. Put- 
nam, of Worcester, Alassachusetts. 

(VII) Bradbury Morrison, son of Folsom 
]\Torrill. was born at Sanbornton, April 26, 
1829. He was educated in the public schools 
of his native town. He served two years and 
a half in the Twelfth New Hampshire Regi- 
ment in the civil war, and was wounded in 
the wrist at the battle of Gettysburg. He was 
first lieutenant of his company, when he re- 
signed on account of disability caused bv his 
wound. In early life he was a daguerreotype 

iv— 24 

artist, and lived in various towns in New 
Hampshire. He became an insurance agent 
at the bridge ; was associated with his father 
at farming on the homestead in 1875-77. He 
removed to Claremont in 1878. His last years 
were spent at the home of his daughter at 
Roslindale, JNIassachusetts, where he was kill- 
ed in a railroad accident, April 26, 1892. In 
politics he was a Republican, and in religion 
a Universalist. He married (first) June 25, 
1851, Ellen S. Sumner, died July 7, 1853, in 
her twenty-fourth year, daughter of George 
W. Sumner, of Hill, New Hampshire. He 
married (second) September 4, 1856, Anne 
E. Proctor, born May 14, 1834, died June 5, 
1873, aged thirty-nine, sister of Professor 
John Carroll Proctor, of Dartmouth. Chil- 
dren by second wife, born in Sanbornton: i. 
Ellen S., August 11, 1857; died November 
29, 1859, of scalding from an accident. 2. 
Harvey Folsom, April 27, 1861. 3. Alice 
Bradbury, January 25, 1863 ; married Fred 
DeForest Rand, of Roslindale, Massachu- 
setts. (See Rand). 

The first settler in New Eng- 
SIMPSON land by the name of Simpson 
was John of Watertown, 
Massachusetts, although about the same time 
Henry Simpson came from England and set- 
tled in York, Maine. He was there before 
1640, and his only known son, Henry Simp- 
son, was born about 1647 and died in 1695. 
From Henry Jr. most of the Simpsons of 
Maine are descended. The Simpson family of 
Nottingham, New Hampshire, traces its an- 
cestry to Andrew Simpson, who was born in 
Scotland in 1697, married Elizabeth Patten, 
who was killed by the Indians; married (sec- 
ond ) Widow Brown, of York, Maine. 

According to the history of Windham, New 
Hampshire, two more immigrants named 
Simpson are the progenitors of the Windham 
families of this name. Alexander Simpson, a 
\veaver by trade, was the immigrant ancestor 
of most of them ; was of Scotch descent com- 
ing from Ulster, Ireland, to Windham, where 
he bought land of James Wilson, November 
24, 1747, with his brother-in-law, Adam Tem- 
pleton, a maker of spinning wheels. 

(I) William Simpson, the other immigrant, 
according to the Windham history, came also 
from the north of Ireland, of Scotch Presby- 
terian stock, and settled in Greenland, form- 
erly Portsmouth, New Hampshire. His rela- 
tionship with Alexander is not known, but it 
is likely that he was a nephew or cousin, in- 



ferred both from the fact that they hved in 
the same town and from the similarity of 
names and close affiliation of the families. Jo- 
seph Simpson, who settled at Pembroke, was 
probably a brother of William : two of his chil- 
dren married Simpsons from Greenland. It is 
presumed that Joseph Simpson, of Pembroke, 
William Simpson, of Greenland, and perhaps 
Thomas Simpson, of Haverhill, New Hamp- 
shire, were sons of a brother of Alexander, of 
Windham, and related to .\ndrew Simp- 
son, of Nottingham. There were sev- 
eral of the name William Simpson in the 
revolution from New Hampshire. William 
Simpson, of Newmarket, perhaps this \\'il- 
liam later of Greenland, was a shipwright en- 
listed in the army ; William Simpson, of Not- 
tingham, was a soldier, and likewise \\'illiam. 
of Pembroke, of whom we know nothing fur- 
ther. \\'illiam Simpson, of Greenland, was an 
active patriot, and in 1781 was one of the 
selectmen of that town. William Simpson 
married Mary Haynes, of Portsmouth. Chil- 
dren : I . Joseph, came to Windham about 
1788 and lived where the T. W. Simpson 
house now stands ; built Simpson's mills soon 
afterward ; married Jemiie \\'ilson. 2. George. 

born in Grecnlant 

767 ; removed to Wine 

ham in 1783, and tu Rumney, New flamj)- 
shire, in 1809; married Mary, daughter of 
Thomas Lang, of Lee, New Hampshire. 3. 
Samuel, mentioned below. Probably others. 

(H) Samuel, son of William Simpson, was 
born July 13, 1779, in Greenland, New Hamp- 
shire, and came in 18 12 to Rumney. a few 
years after his brother George settled there. 
He resided on the farm owned later by Blais- 
dell Merrill. His widow Sarah lived to be a 
great-great-grandmother. She was born 
April 25, 1782. died February 7, 1880. Her 
maiden name was also Simpson and she be- 
longed to the Greenland family, doubtless first 
or second cousin of her husband. Her sister 
Lydia married Nathan Clifford (6), Nathaniel 
(5), Isaac (4), Israel (3), John (2), George 
( I ), and was the mother of seven children, of 
whom Hon. Nathan Clifford was a justice of 
the supreme court of the United States. At 
West Rumney Samuel Simpson cleared the 
farm now known as the B. H. Merrill place 
of one hundred acres, built first a log cabin and 
later a frame dwelling house. Afterward he 
also owned a farm in Groton, New Hamp- 
shire. He was the first farmer in this section 
to make- a business of raising mules for which 
he found a good market at Portsmouth. Chil- 
dren : I. Hugh B., mentioned below. 2. Ben- 

jamin, married Charlotte Smith and had two 
children, Warren, and Arthur, whose son re- 
sides at Lockport, New Hampshire. 3. James 
M., settled in Charlestown, Massachusetts ; 
married (first) ; (second) Olive E. Simp- 
son, who is now living at Charlestown: chil- 
dren of second wife: .A.lice. Lizzie, Nellie, all 
school teachers. 4. Samuel, resided on the 
farm in Rumney : married Fannie Elliott and 
had five children. 5. Albert, settled- at Charles- 
town, Massachusetts : married Caroline Whit- 
tle : children : I. Carrie, unmarried : ii. Albert 
of Rutland, \>rmont : iii. Alabel. 6. John. 7. 
Uylsses. 8. David. 

(Ill) Hugh B., son of Samuel Simpson, 
was born in Greenland, New Hampshire, 
about 1800-05. He came with his father to 
Rumney in 1809. He attended the district 
schools of Rumne\' and left home when a boy 
to enter upon a mercantile career in Boston. 
For a time he studied for the L'niversalist min- 
istry, but his health failed. He returned to 
Rumney and cared for his parents in their old 
age. He bought a hotel at West Rumney and 
conducted it, in addition to his farm and gen- 
eral store there, until he sold out to his son, 
Clinton B. Simpson, in 1861. He was a Demo- 
crat in politics and held various offices of trust 
and honor. He was appointed postmaster of 
Rumne\' by President Ikichanan : was select- 
man of the town and represented it in the 
state legislature. He died in 1879. He mar- 
ried in 1836, Sarah A., born December i, 1811. 
dieil .\u.gust 3. 1882, daughter of John and 
Alarv (Murray) Edmunds, of Charlestown. 
Children: I. Clinton B., born July 10, 1840: 
succeeded his father in business in Rumney 
and is a prominent citizen there : married Elvi- 
ra Smith : children : Edward H., Charles Al- 
bert, Carrie M., Arthur H. : married (second) 
in 1882, Augusta X'alentine : children : Edith, 
Hattie, Clinton. 2. Charles E.. March 2, 1845, 
mentioned below. 3. Marv C. 1849, died in 

(I\") Charles Everett, son of Hugh B. 
Sim])son. was born in Rumney, March 2, 1845. 
He attended the jniblic schools in his native 
town. In T864 he came to Charlestown and 
for ten years was in the employ of the Mid- 
dlesex Railway Company. He their engaged 
in the retail grocery business in Somerville, 
Massachusetts. In 1882 he established him- 
self in the confectionery business at Cam- 
bridge. Afterwards he became a member of 
the firm of H. J. Bushway Ice Company. .At 
the end of five years he sold his interests in the 
ice business to Mr. Bushwav and retired from 




active business. He is a member of Putnam 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons; Cam- 
bridge Chapter, Royal Arch ]\Iasons: of Cam- 
bridge Commander)'. Knights Templar ; Aleppo 
Temple, Mvstic Shrine: Howard Lodge, In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows: Bunker 
Hill Encampment of Charlestown; Cambridge 
Lodge, Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks. He married, October 15, 1873, Florence, 
born September 18, 1852, daughter of David 
and Tabitha (Lewis) Simpson. Their only 
child, Lewis Everett, born :March 23. 1879, 
died voung. 

Joseph Morse, immigrant an- 
MORSE cestor of this branch of the 
family in New England, was 
born in England about 1587. He settled in 
Ipswich, Massachusetts, where he was a pro- 
prietor in 1637. He was a planter. His son 
Joseph, who was also in Ipswich, later of 
Watertown, came earlier. Joseph, the father, 

married, in England, Dorothy . His 

will, dated .\pril 24, 1646, bequeathed to wife 
Dorothv and sons Joseph, John, and daugh- 
ter Hannah. Children: i. Joseph, mentioned 
ijelow. 2. John, died 1694-95 : married 

Dinah ; resided in Ipswich, Groton 

and Watertown. 3. Hannah, married, June 
8, 1665, Thomas Newman, at Ipswich. 

(II) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) ]^Iorse, 
was born in England, in 1610, and came to 
America in the ship "Elizabeth", of Ipswich, 
England, sailing April 30, 1634. He settled 
finally at Watertown. Massachusetts. He was 
then twenty-four years old. In 1636 he was 
one of the proprietors of Watertown. He 
died there March 4, 1690, and his estate was 
administered by his son John. He married 
Esther, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
Pierce, of Watertown. Children: i. Joseph, 
born April 3, 1637. 2. Deacon John, born 
February 28, 1639, mentioned below. 3. 
Jonathan, buried May 12, 1643, at Water- 
town. 4. Jonathan, born November 7. 1643, 
died Tulv 31. 1686: town clerk of Groton, etc. 
5. Esther, born March 7. 1645-46, married, 
December 22, 1669, Jonathan Bullard : lived 
at Watertown. 6. Sarah, married, June. 
1669, Timothy Cooper: lived at Groton. 7. 
Jeremiah, died September 2~. 1719. at New- 
ton: proprietor of Groton. 8. Isaac, lived 
at Newton : wife died in 1714. 

(III) Deacon John, son of Joseph (2) 
Morse, was born in Groton, February 28. 
1639, died in Watertown, July 23, 1702. He 
served as ensign in the militia. He was con- 

stable and as commissioner in 1689 and 1694. 
In 1681 he was tithingman, and in 1694 and 
1697 sealer of leather, showing that he was 
probably a tanner or cordwainer by trade. 
In 1692 he was serving in the army and the 
court ordered that his wife should be allowed 
a part of his wages while he was in the ser- 
vice. The name of his first wife is unknown. 
He married (second) in Watertown, April 
27, 1666, Abigail Stearns, who died October 
15, 1690, daughter of Isaac and Mary (Bark- 
er) Stearns. He married (third) Sarah , 

who as his widow gave bonds on his estate, 
which was administered by his son James. 
Children: i. Lydia, born April 6, 1660, died 
young. 2, John, bom April 7, 1664, died 
voung. 3. John, born in Watertown, May 
10, 1666, died young. 4. James, born No- 
vember 25, 1668, married, April 27, 1699, Abi- 
gail Morse: died 1718. 5. John, born March 
15, 1669-1670, married (first) January 8, 1689, 
Elizabeth Godding ; (second) Hepsebeth 
Stone. 6. Joseph, born August 25, 1671, 
mentioned below. 7. Abigail, born Decem- 
ber 23, 1673, died March 6, 1674. 8. Abigail, 
born August 6, 1677, married John Park- 
hurst; died October 18, 1726. 9. Isaac, born 
January 7, 1679. died November 25, 1694. 10. 
Samuel, born June 21, 1682. 11. Nathaniel, 
baptized January 29, 1687-88. 

(I\') Joseph (3), son of Deacon John 
Morse, was born August 25, 1671, died while 
on a visit to Guilford, Connecticut, June 24, 
1709. He married, August 25, 1691, Eliza- 
beth Sawtelle, who administered his estate 
August 12. 1709. She married (second) Feb- 
ruary 16, 1713-14, Benjamin Nourse, of 
Framingham. Children: i. Elizabeth, born 
i6c)i, married, October 24, 1712, John 
Thacher. 2. Joseph, born August 19, 1693, 
married Elizabeth Park. 3. Abigail, born 
January r. 1696. married, 1718, Joshua Hem- 
ingway. 4. Zachariah, born August 12, 1699, 
married, Novemljer 16, 1724, Huldah \Miit- 
ney. 5. Samuel, born July 7, 1702, mentioned 
below. 6. Jonathan, born February 10, 1704, 
married. May 17, 1734, Mary Cloyes. 7. 
Elizabeth, baptized March 6, 1708, married, 
December 10, 1730, John Cloyes. 

[\ \ Samuel, son of Joseph (3) Morse, 
was born in Watertown, July 7, 1702, died 
April 25, 1782. His will was dated January 
I, 1778. He settled in Wrentham. where he 
was a blacksmith. He married (firsts June 7, 
1732, Sarah Hill, born in Sherborn, November 
ir, 1705. daughter of John and Hannah 
( Rockett) Hill. He married (second) in 



Wrentham, Alay 12, 1741, Sarah Puffer, who 
died February 8, 1772. He married (third) 
June I, 1778, Sarah Parker. Children: i. 
Samuel, born May 4, 1733, mentioned below. 
2. P.enoni, born April 23, 1734. 3. Sarah, 
born May 16, 1735, married Ebenezer Allen. 
4. Hannah, born August 20, 1736, married, 
Xovember 27, 1755, Dr. Ebenezer Metcalf. 

(\T) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) 
]\Iorse, was born in Wrentham, May 4, 1733, 
died in Franklin, June 3, 1798. His home 
was in that part of Wrentham which was in- 
corporated as Franklin. He was a blacksmith 
by trade. Fie married in Wrentham, June 15, 
1758, Sarah Day, who died January 23, 1 800, 
daughter of Samuel and Sarah Day. In 1773, 
with his wife Sarah, he deeded one-half his 
property in Wrentham to his son Samuel. 
Children, born in Wrentham and Franklin: i. 
Samuel, born June 10, 1759, died in the arm} 
at Fort George, July 26, 1776. 2. David, born 
January 10, 1761, died September 7, 1778. 3. 
Jason, born October 19, 1762. 4. Sarah, born 
December 17, 1764. 5. Peggy, born Decem- 
ber II, 1766. 6. Levi, born October 30, 1768, 
married, November 17, 1790, Keturah Fisher. 
7. Joseph, born June 18, 1770. 8. Susannah, 
born January 10, 1773, died September 19, 
1778. 9. Lois, born January 3. 1775, died 
September 19, 1778. 10. Samuel, born Janu- 
ary 3, 1779, mentioned below. 11. Hannah, 
born June 3, 1783, married, Xovember 6, 
1806, Solomon Blake; died November 24, 

(VII) Samuel (3), son of Samuel (2) 
IVIorse, was born in Franklin, Massachusetts, 
January 3, 1779. He settled in Waldobor- 
ough, Maine. He married, ATay 22, 1808, 
r)live Pond, born January 17, 1786, daughter 
of Robert and Olive ( Richardson ) Pond, of 
Franklin. Her father was born at Wren- 
tham, December 29, 1755, died October 19, 
1839; married, October 12, 1780, Olive Rich- 
ardson ; was a soldier in the revolution in Cap- 
tain Elijah Pond's company in 1775 ; in Cap- 
tain Asa Fairbank's company. Colonel Ben- 
jamin Hawes' regiment : in Captain John 
Gale's company. Colonel Eben Francis's regi- 
ment; in Captain John Metcalf's company, 
IMajor Seth Bullard's regiment, in Rhode Is- 
land, 1780. Ezra Pond, father of Robert Pond, 
was born February 2, 1720, died August 24. 
1758; married, January 14, 1714-15, Rachel 
Adams; lived on the estate of his grandfather. 
Robert Pond, in what is now Franklin ; his 
second wife Rebecca died March 8. 1805. Ezra 
Pond, father of Ezra Pond, was born in Wren- 

tham and lived in the part set off as Franklin ; 
was town clerk; married, November 26, 1718, 
Abigail Farrington, who died April 19, 1759; 
married (second) April i, 1761, Margaret 
Metcalf. Robert Pond, father of Ezra Pond 
Sr., was born at Dedham, August 5, 1667, and 
settled at Wrentham ; was a carpenter by 
trade ; married ( first ) Joanna ( Lawrence ? ) ; 
(second) January 16, 1728-29, Abigail Fisher; 
(third) November 17, 1747, Sarah Shuttle- 
worth; he died July 3, 1750. Daniel Pond, 
father of Robert Pond, was the immigrant; 
he settled in Dedham ; married Abigail, daugh- 
ter of Edward Shepard. Children of Samuel 
and Olive ( Pond ) Morse, born at Waldobor- 
ough: I. Eliza A., born May 4, 1809, married 
James Hovey, of Waldoborough. 2. Sarah 
B., born November 18, 181 1, married Franklin 
Brooks, of Coolege Hill or Cincinnati, Ohio. 
3. Susan P., born December 4, 1814, married 
W'illiam liarnard, of \\'aldoborough. 4. Olive 
Richardson, born January, 1817, married Dea- 
con Selwyn Bancroft, of Lowell, Massachu- 
setts. 5. Alary Jane, born November 12, 1820, 
married Warren Ellis, of Newton Center, 
Massachusetts. 6. Harriet Newell, born Jan- 
mentioned below. 

(VIII) Samuel Mills, son of Samuel (3) 
Morse, was born in Waldoborough, December 
8. 1829. He attended the district school, and 
worked in his father's tannery and on the 
homestead during his boyhood. He was twen- 
ty years old when he left home to join a party 
of Forty-niners bound for the gold fields of 
California. He sailed from Boston in Janu- 
ary, 1850, on the ship "Rob Roy", making the 
voyage around Cape Horn in one hundred and 
ninety-six ■ days, encountering much rough 
weather and many dangers. For three years 
he remained in the mining districts of Cali- 
fornia, and in 1853 sailed from San FranciscO' 
to Australia, where he spent nine months in 
Sidney and Melbourne. Then he proceeded 
to the Australian gold fields. He went from 
Australia to Callao, Peru, and then by steamer 
to Panama, crossed the isthmus by mule back, 
and sailed from Aspinwall to New York,, 
whence he returned to Waldoborough. In 
1855 he engaged in shipbuilding in his native 
town, and continued until that industry suf- 
fered a decline, also conducting a general' 
hardware business. In order to give his chil- 
dren better educational advantages, he moved 
to Nashua, New Hampshire, in 1872, and 
there established himself in the book and sta- 
tionery business, contiiuiing there for the fol- 
lowing eleven years. In 188:; he located at 



Orange City, Florida, and engaged in growing 
and shipping oranges. He has made his home 
there to the present time. In poHtics Mr. 
Morse was first a Whig, but upon the forma- 
tion of the Republican party joined its ranks 
and served as mayor of Orange City, Florida. 
He is a Congregationalist in religion, and 
while in Nashua, New Hampshire, served as 
deacon. He married (first) November 2, 
1858, Frances Boyd, born September 20, 1835, 
at Hadley Hill, Gofifstown, New Hampshire ; 
she died September 22, 1879. He married 
(second) Sarah Louise Dunkley, born in Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, August 18, 1838, died 
July 2, 1907. He married (third ) Mrs. 
Frances E. Alanville, of Orange City, Florida. 
Children of first wife: i. Charles Hadley, 
born at Waldoborough, July 18, 1862. 2. 
Mary Olive, Waldoborough. August 28, 1864, 
graduate of the Nashua high school, student 
one year at Wellesley College ; teacher at Eau 
Claire, Wisconsin, one year; returned home 
for a time and is now and has been since 1889 
principal of the National Normal School at 
Mendoza, Argentine Republic, South Amer- 
ica. 3. Fred Samuel, born July 31, 1866, 
mentioned below. 4. Edna F., born April 26, 
1870, died aged four months. 

(IX) Fred Samuel, son of Samuel Mills 
Morse, was born in Waldoborough, July 31, 
1866. He left Waldoborough with the family 
when he was six years old and attended the 
public schools of Nashua. At the end of his 
second year in the Nashua high school he left 
to engage in the lumber business at Burling- 
ton, Vermont, where he spent the following 
four years. He was in the employ of the Jack- 
son ^Manufacturing Company of Nashua in the 
winter of 1887-88, of the Export Lumber 
Company of Boston in 1888-89, ^^d from 
1889 to 1895 was with A. C. Button (whole- 
sale lumber), of Springfield, Massachusetts. 
During the following four years he was a trav- 
eling salesman for the lumber firm of Rice & 
Lockwood Lumber Company, with headquar- 
ters at Springfield, Massacliusctts. In 1899 
he engaged in the wholesale lumber business 
on his own account with offices in Springfield. 
In 1905 his business was incorporated as the 
Fred S. Morse Lumber Company, of which 
he is the president, treasurer and general man- 
ager. In religion he is a Congregationalist and 
in politics a Republican. He is a member of 
Springfield Lodge, Free and Accepted INIa- 
sons ; ]\lorning Star Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons ; Springfield Commandery, Knights Tem- 
plar : Edward A. Raymond Consistory, thirtv- 

second degree, of Nashua, New Hampshire, 
and Melha Temple, Ancient Arabic Order No- 
bles of the Mystic Shrine. He married, Feb- 
ruary 21, 1900, Nellie Gloyd, born December 
10, 1870, daughter of Benjamin Mahlon and 
Emily Frances (Booth) Gloyd. They have 
one child, Samuel Boyd, born August 28, 1907. 

This has been a leading fam- 
RUMRILL ily in the Connecticut Valley 

since the "memory of man 
runneth not to the contrary". It has ever 
furnished its quota of soldiers to its afflicted 
country when soldiers were needed, and in 
the piping times of peace it has been con- 
cerned in the railroad development of west- 
ern Massachusetts and in material and in- 
tellectual growth of the splendid city on the 
banks of the tide-seeking Connecticut. With 
its cross-currents and comingling of the 
Pierce, Bliss and Chapin stock, it has an an- 
cestral tree to be proud of. To-day the fam- 
ily stands for what is best in the social, finan- 
cial and educational growth of Springfield. 

(I) Simon Rumrill was of Enfield, Con- 
necticut, as early as 1672; in that year he was 
a fence-viewer. In 1680 he was granted thirty 
acres on Great river, and in 1683 lot No. 39, 
including five acres of meadow and two of 
field : in 1885 was granted a home lot of five 
acres in the south field, also a lot on the 
Scantuck river, and another lot in Spring 
Meadow in 1698. He was a constable and 
tything man. In 1691 he was called to ac- 
count for not working out his highway tax, 
and fined. He died before 1715. for in a deed 
given by his sons that year he referred to 
him as deceased. His wife-was Sarah, daugh- 
ter of John Fairman. Children : Sarah, born 
February, 1693 : Simon, 1696 ; Ebenezer, 
1701 ; John, mentioned below. 

(II) John, youngest son of Simon and Sarah 
(Fairman) Rumrill, was born September 15. 
1704, in Enfield, and died November 28, 1770, 
and his widow, January 21, 1772. He was a 
fence-viewer in 1737-39 and 1760, and sur- 
veyor of highway. He was granted nine 
acres of land on the south side of Great 
Brook in 1732, nine acres by "ye common- 
ers," and the same year eleven acres on "ye 
inward commons". He was witness to the 
will of Isaac Chandler, May 28, 1787. His 
registered brand-mark for cattle was a half 
penny on the underside of the near ear. In 
1756 he served in the French war in Major- 
General Phineas Lyman's regiment, Captain 
Samuel Chandler's company, and was in the 



expedition to Fort William, Fort Henry and 
Crown Point, and in 1760 served eight 
months in the expedition to Canada. He 
married, February 14, 1728, (by Rev. Peter 
Raindals), Abigail, daughter of Henry and 
L\dia Chandler, of Enfield, who died in 1777. 
Children: I. John, born August 16, 1728; 
died January 19, 1809. 2. Abigail, March i, 
1730, died February, 1787. 3. Martha, Oc- 
tober 14, ,1731. 4. Neheniiah, September 5, 
1733; see forward. 5. Sarah. June 6, 1735, 
died December 11, 1805. 6. Lydia, February 
18, 1737. 7. Mehitable, April 6, 1739, died 
November 11, 1809. 8. Hannah, March 19, 
1741, died 1809. 9-10. Simeon and Henry, 
born July 3, 1743- "• Ebenezer, July 16, 
1745, died December 17, 180T. 

(HI) Nehemiah, second son of John and 
Abigail (Chandler) Rumrill, was born in En- 
field, as above, and died January 14, 1805, at 
Longmeadow, Massachusetts. He served in 
the revolutionary war in Captain David 
Burke's company. General Phineas Lyman's 
regiment, in the expedition against Fort Ti- 
conderoga in 1758; also seventeen days in 
Captain Jonathan Pettibone's company, in 
the taking of Fort Edward ; also in the reduc- 
tion of Fort Louis, at Oswego, and the cap- 
ture of Alontreal in 1759. He married Alice, 
daughter of Nathaniel and Alice Parsons of 
Enfield, Alice Rumrill died November 18, 
1804. Children: i. Penelope, born August 
13, 1759. 2. Alice, November 27, 1761, died 
Julv 28, 1767. 3. Levi, born June 29, 1768. 
4. Susannah, January 14, 1771. died Febru- 
ary 27, 1786. 5. Alexander, born August 18, 
1773. 6. Lucy, February 13, 1776. 7. Ruth, 
December 21, 1778. 8. Margaret, April 11. 

( IV ) Alexander, eighth child of Nehemiah 
and Alice (Parsons) Rumrill, was born in 
Longmeadow, August 18, 1773. He was a 
farmer, and served in the war of 181 2. He 
married, September 29, 1798, Margaret, 
daughter of Gad and Abiah PjHss of Spring- 
field. Children : Alexander and James Bliss 
(mentioned below). 

(V) James Bliss, second son of .\lexander 
and Margaret (Bliss) Rumrill, was born in 
Springfield. Mav I, 1812, and died in New 
York city, Ajiri'l 7, 1885. Mr. Rumrill left 
Springfield in his youth to make his own way 
in the world, first at Providence, and then at 
New York, where his older brother Alexander 
was alreadv established in 1)usiness. Soon af- 
ter his settlement in New York he became as- 
sociated with Alfred G. Peckham in the manu- 

facture of gold chains, and the firm of Peck- 
ham & Rumrill was widely known as the larg- 
est then engaged in this business in the coun- 
trv. When Mr. Peckham retired the firm be- 
came and remained until Mr. Rumrill's own 
retirement. Arthur Rumrill & Co., the senior 
partner being William C. Arthur, a brother of 
T. S. Arthur, the well-known writer. They 
had factories both in New York and Spring- 
field, the one in the latter place being located 
for many years on Maple street, opposite Mr, 
Rumrill's house, and run by water from a 
pond that lay behind it. About 1870 the pond 
was filled up and a new factory was built on 
}iIorris street, which is now occupied by the 
;\Iedlicott woolen company. In 1848 Mr. Rum- 
rill moved from New York to Springfield, and 
bought the old Dr. Peabody homestead on Ma- 
ple street, where he lived barring an occasional 
winter spent in New York. He was a director 
in the Pynchon, Chicopee and John Hancock 
national banks. He travelled extensively in 
Europe collecting art treasures and rare books. 
He was a great lover of art, and in his fre- 
quent trips abroad gathered a considerable col- 
lection of art treasures. He was also a con- 
stant reader and fond of good books, and took 
much pride in his library. To Shakespeare he 
was particularly devoted, and for years always 
carried a copy of the great bard's works with 
him on his travels. He was a man of broad 
mind and Catholic tastes, and had a singularly 
genial and sunny nature, and a generous heart 
that could never cherish animosity or resent- 
ment of any kind. He had a passionate love 
for little folks, and of recent years has found 
unfailing delight in his grandchildren. He 
married' in 1834, Rebecca Pierce, of Provi- 
dence. Rhode Island, who died .\pril 2, 1890. 
^Irs. Rumrill was prized as a kind hearted and 
generous woman, a leader in the Unitarian 
church, and a most agreeable member of socie- 
ty in every way. Their children were : James 
A., (mentioned below) : Grace, married, by 
Rev. .A. D. Mayo, September 17, 1874. to 
Charles P. Miller, of the New York bar. Both 
Mr. and Mrs. Miller died of typhoid pneumon- 
ia at Waterford. Connecticut, within a few 
hours of each other, Mr. Miller going first, 
and a double funeral was held at Springfield. 
He was fortv-one and she thirty-eight. 

Mr. :\Iiller was born at Bay Ridge, Long Is- 
land. His father, who died" when he was a 
voung child, was an engineer of reputation 
and built one of the first experimental rail- 
wavs in this country, at Charlestown, South 
Carolina. The son attended the Polytechnic 



Institute at Brooklyn, and woukl probably 
have followed in the footsteps of his father in 
the choice of a profession, but the breaking 
out of the war kindled his patriotism and he 
abandoned the pursuit he had partly entered 
upon, and at the age of seventeen obtained a 
commission as second lieutenant in the New 
York Volunteers. The life of a soldier in ac- 
tive service suited his energetic disposition so 
well tiiat he endeavored to obtain a commis- 
sion in the regular army. He was met by the 
difficulty that to obtain it he must either aban- 
don the'.field and pursue the ^^'est Point course 
or enlist in the regular army as a private and 
take the chances of promotion. Most men, 
brought up as he had been, would have de- 
clined to subject themselves to the roughness 
and hardships of a common soldier's life. But 
throughout his career he never allowed feel- 
ings of personal pride or false shame to stand 
in the way of any laudable object he sought to 
attain. He resigned his commission and en- 
listed as a private in the United States regular 
' army. His pluck and patriotism were re- 
warded in a few months by a commission as 
second lieutenant in the Seventh Infantry, 
where he remained in active service until the 
close of the war, when he was promoted to 
first lieutenant. In 1868 he was placed on the 
retired list. He subsequently returned to New 
York, and in 1870 commenced to study law in 
the office of A. P. Whitehead, and afterward 
with Martin & Smith. The following year he 
entered Columbia College Law School, at the 
same time acting as clerk to John M. Scrib- 
ner. He graduated in 1871 and was admitted 
to the bar. He was then about twenty-five 
years old, and excepting as mentioned, his ca- 
reer from the time he left school to enlist had 
not tended to prepare him for legal work. 

In 1875 he was appointed an assistant to the 
corporation counsel by E. Delafield Smith, and 
remained in that office under Mr. Smith and 
his successor, \\'i!liam C. Whitney, until 1880, 
when he resigned and went into ]irivate prac- 
tice. From that time until his death his pro- 
gress was very rapid. He was in private prac- 
tice but seven years. Each year saw a steady 
progress and an increased clientage. Three 
years before his death he found his practice 
greater than he could cope with alone, and 
took into partnership \\'allace MacFarlane. 
Before he died his practice was on as firm a 
basis as that of many a firm of high standing 
built up by the faithful efforts of generations 
of capable men. Only those intimately ac- 
quainted with Mr. Miller and who closely 

watched his career, know the actual facts, and 
can fully realize the extent of the practical 
success attained during this brief period, as 
measured by the important and varied inter- 
ests intrusted to his charge. Those few years 
were those of greatest mental development. 
The scope of his mind seemed to expand in 
full proportion to the increased responsibilities 
thrust upon him. He was engaged during this 
period in many weighty private litigations to 
which the attention of the public was not es- 
pecially directed. He was also quite often be- 
fore the public. Tie rendered conspicuous ser- 
vices as counsel to the Roosevelt investigating 
committee and subsequently as counsel to the 
Gibbs committee. For the former he received 
due credit. For the latter his efforts were 
never appreciated. He first fell upon the trail 
of the Broadway railroad aklermanic scandal. 
The results of his exhaustive investigations 
were never made ])ublic as connected with him. 
The (Jibbs committee would not proceed as he 
desired, and he therefore retired as counsel, 
but the senate committee of the following year 
and the district attorney's office were both in- 
debted to him for information of great value 
which did much to bring about the convictions 
which followed in the notorious bribery cases. 
The children of Mr. and Mrs. Miller were: 
Philip L., a graduate of Harvard: James R., 
who studied in Switzerland : is vice-president 
of the Chapin National Bank of Springfield; 
Rebecca; :\Iary and Grace Rumrill (twins), 
the latter of whom was drowned at Quogue, 
Long Island. 

(M) Colonel James A., only son of James 
Bliss and Rebecca (Pierce) Rumrill, was born 
in New York City. At twelve years of age 
he removed with his parents to Springfield. 
:\lr. Rumrill fitted for college at Phillips 
Academv. Andover, graduated from Harvard 
in 1859, and entered the law ofiice of Chap- 
man & Chamberlain in Springfield, being a 
fellow-student with Messrs. Gideon Welles 
and T. M. Brown. After spending one year 
in the office and one year at the Cambridge 
Law School, he was admitted to the bar on 
examination early in 1861. Mr. Rumrill 
made corporation law a specialty and was 
first attorney of the old Western road, and 
then upon its consolidation with the Boston 
and Worcester in 1867, became solicitor of 
the Boston and Albany road. When Vice 
President Lincoln died, Mr. Rumrill was 
elected to fill the vacancy, and continued in 
that position until 189 1, when on account of 
his health he was obliged to retire. At the 



Vime, one of the local papers said: "The re- 
tirement of -Mr. Rumrill removes from the 
iield of actual railroad work a man who for 
'more than a quarter of a century has been 
connected with railroad affairs, and who has 
become a recognized leader therein. Gifted 
with good common sense, supplemented by a 
fine education and a thorough legal training, 
he was well equipped for the position he so 
ablv filled." During the period of his con- 
nection with the railroad, Mr. Rumrill saw 
manv changes and improvements, none of 
which interested him more deeply than the 
successful completion of the Main street arch 
and the new passenger station. • It is well 
known that he had much to do with these 
great betterments, and it has been to him an 
especial pride as being essentially the work 
of his most intimate friend and classmate, the 
late H. H. Richardson. Colonel Rumrill was 
one of the negotiators in the effort to turn 
over the Connecticut River road to the Con- 
solidated, but the Boston & Maine finally cut 
the melon. 

Until recently Mr. Rumrill was in the di- 
rectory of the Union Pacific, and was for- 
merly a director and general manager of the 
old Ware River road and the Pittsfield & 
North Adams. He was a director in the 
Chapin and Agawam national banks, the 
New Haven Steamboat Company and the 
Springfield Gas Light Company. He was 
also a trustee of the Church of the Unity, of 
the City Hospital, and vice-president of the 
City Library. He has always taken a great 
interest in this institution and has done much 
to increase its efficiency. In politics Mr. 
Rumrill was an old line Democrat of the 
stam]5 of Governor Gaston and President 
Cleveland, both of whom he greatly admired 
and whose friendship he enjoyed. Colonel 
Rumrill defined his own views when he de- 
clined the Democratic nomination for Con- 
gress in the Springfield district : "My family 
cares have increased unexpectedly", he said, 
"and mv duty is plain ; I cannot think of en- 
tering political life for several years yet. It 
would be unjust to my family, myself and my 
constituents. I believe an office should be 
considered as exacting as any business trust, 
and if chosen, a man ought to be ready to 
spend his time in Washington. Politically," 
added I\Tr. Rumrill, "I call myself a Demo- 
crat, for I have voted with that party. I am 
in certain senses an indejjcndent, however, 
for I voted for Lincoln when he was renom- 
inated, and I refused to vote for Butler — I 

should not vote for him if he was running for 
office again. I am heartily in sympathy with 
the administration, and am convinced that 
the Democrats are fighting for a real princi- 
ple. You may be assured that my decision 
not to be a candidate this year is positive and 
final." He served on Governor Gaston's staff 
as aide de camp with rank of cclonel, and re- 
ceived the appointment from General W. B. 
Franklin as one of the judges at the Paris 
exposition. He was one of the original 
founders of the Springfield Club, a member 
of the Somerset and St. Botolph dubs of 
Boston; the University, Metropolitan and 
Harvard clubs of New York; a life member 
of the Metropolitan Museum of Fine Arts. 

He was married, by Rev. Francis Tiffany. 
May 22, 1861, to Anna, daughter of Chester 
W. and Dorcas (Chapin) Chapin. Mrs. Dor- 
cas Chapin was a daughter of Colonel Abel 
Chapin, of Chicopee, and was from Japhet 
Chapin on her mother's side, and from Henry 
Chapin on the father's side — both sons of the 
original Deacon Samuel Chapin, so that she 
is a Chapin of the Chapins. Her husband was 
from Henry Chapin. Children of James .\. 
and Anna Rumrill : i. Rebecca, married Pro- 
fessor Louis H. Dow, of the faculty of Dart- 
mouth College. 2. Anna, married Edward C. 
Hammond ; two children : Mary I. and James 
Rumrill. 3. Chester Chapin, born in Spring- 
field, February 29, 1876; graduated from Har- 
vard A. B., class of 1897, and was with Lee. 
Higginson & Co., of Boston, until his return 
to Springfield on account of his father's 

Philip Devens, immigrant an- 

DE\^ENS cestor, settled in Charlestown, 

Massachusetts, where he was in 

business as a shipwright. He married Abiel 

. Children: i. Philip, Jr., baptized in 

Christ Church, Charlestown, March 19, 1738- 
9. 2. Richard, mentioned below. Perhaps 

(II) Richard, son of Philip Devens, was 
born in 1721, probably not in this country, and 
it is not known where his parents lived before 
coming to Charlestown. He was a cooper by 
trade, and as early as 1743 was in business in 
Charlestown as cooper, ganger and packer. To 
use his own language, "out of extreme pover- 
ty" he "progressed through a mechanical avo- 
cation to the opulence of a highly prosperous 
merchant." He was one of the most influen- 
tial and wealthy merchants of his day, and 
was interested in many public enterprises of 



moment. He was a prominent stockholder in 
the Middlesex Canal Company, the Boston 
Bank, the South Boston Bridge, the Oiarles 
River Bridge, the Union Insurance Company. 
He died September 20, 1807, aged eighty-six 
years. His will was dated November 16, 1802; 
proved September 29, 1807. He owned a 
large amount of real estate, and his inventory 
amounted to $119,237, a sum relatively equiva- 
lent to a million at the present time. He 
■owned half a pew in the old South Church 
and a pew in the Baptist Chmxh. He made 
some interesting public bequests when such 
legacies were rare indeed. He gave eight 
shares of the United States Bank stock to the 
Baptist Church ; ten shares each of the insur- 
ance company stock to the Baptist Educational 
Society, the Connecticut Alission Society, the 
Society for Propagating the Gospel, Dr. Em- 
mons' Missionary Society, and the Hampshire 
Missionary Society. He bequeathed his house 
and the income of four shares of the Charles 
River bridge stock and a hundred shares of 
the Union Bank stock to his wife; half of his 
Cornhill house to his daughter Mary Harris, 
and also four sixty-fourths of the Central 
Wharf Corporation ; to his daughter Elizabeth 
his house on Newbury street, Boston, also two 
shares of bank stock and land in Trainingfield 
land, formerly her grandfather Townsend's ; 
to the children of his daughter Rachel Green 
two houses on Middle street, Boston, and a 
house near the Green Dragoon Tavern ; to 
the heirs of his son David half the Cornhill 
house, etc. ; to his son Richard, house he 
bought of Mr. Sweetser, and six shares of 
United States bank stock : to Deacon Miller a 
share of bridge stock and ten of insurance 
stock : to grandson D. Devens one-fourth of 
Long Wharf in Charlestown : to his grand- 
children the residue of his estate. His por- 
trait by Sargent is in the public library of 
Charlestown. ;\tr. Devens was an ensign in 
Captain Brigden's company in the French and 
Indian war in 175": commissary-general of 
Massachusetts during the revolution, and 
member of the committee of safety atid cor- 
respondence in Charlestown. He was living in 
Boston during the war. 

He married (first) Mary Townsend, in Oc- 
tober, 1745 : she died December 27, 1778, aged 
fifty years and her gravestone is standing in 
the Granary burying ground, Boston. He 
married second ( intention dated March 20, 
1782) Elizabeth Harris April 14, 1782. She 
died August 5, 1807, aged eighty years. Chil- 
dren of first wife: i. Mary, born October 3, 

1746 : died October 23, 1749. 2. David, born 
December 29, 1747; mentioned below. 3. 
Richard, October 23, 1749. 4. Samuel, April 
(), 1751. 5. Philip, born April 10, 1753; died 
November 19, 1753. 6. Philip, born Septem- 
ber 4, 1754: died September 23. 1755. 7. Mary, 
born April 18, 1756; married, 1776, Jonathan 
Harris. 8. Elizabeth, baptized January 15, 
1758, buried March 6, 1759. 9. Elizabeth, 
baptized May 27, 1759. 10. Abigail, baptized 
March 8, 1761 ; married Jonathan Chapman. 
II. Rachel, baptized January 9, 1763; married 
James Green. 

(Ill) David, son of Richard Devens, was 
born in Charlestown, December 29. 1747. He 
was a successful merchant. He married 
(intention dated January 13, 1772) Eliza- 
beth Goodwin; and she married (second) in 
1796, Deacon Thomas ]\Iiller. He died of 
fever Februar)- 21, 1792, aged forty-five. Chil- 
dren, born at Charlestown: i. Elizabeth, May 
2, 1773; died December 15, 1818. 2. Polly. 
born February i, 1775. 3. David, January 10. 
1777. 4. Samuel, March 24. 1779. 5. Mary. 
April 20, 1781. 6. Richard, September 2, 1784. 
7. Nancy (twin), bom October 15. 1786. 8. 
Mary, twin with Nancy ; died May 29, 1858. 9. 
Timothy, born October 4, 1788. 10. Charles, 
mentioned below. 

(R') Charles, son of David Devens, was 
born in Charlestown, March 7, 1791. He was 
educated there in the public schools. He was 
a prominent citizen, town clerk for a number 
of years, and of large and wholesome influ- 
ence in the community. He was a prosperous 
hardware merchant. He married, April 12, 
1819, at Augusta, Maine. Mary, daughter of 
Arthur and Martha Lithgow. She was born 
at Winslow, Maine, December 5, 1797, and 
died at Greenfield, Massachusetts, October 
5, 184.8. He died at Roxbury, November 24, 
1876. Children born in Charlestown : i. Gen- 
eral Charles, April 4, 1820; mentioned below. 
2. Arthur Lithgow, April 26, 1821 ; mentioned 
below. 3. Mary, August 23, 1823. 4. Horace, 
May 5, 1826; died 1826. 

(i\') General Charles Devens, son of 
Charles Devens, was born in Charlestown, 
April 4, 1820. He was a member of the Bos- 
ton Latin School, and graduated at Harvard 
College in 1838, having among his classmates 
James Russell Lowell and William W. Story, 
the noted sculptor. He studied at the Harvard 
Law School, receiving the degree of LL.B. 
in 1840. He continued the study of law in 
the office of Hubbard & Watts, Boston, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1844. He prac- 



ticed for some time at Northfield and later at 
Greenfield, and in 1848-9 was state senator 
from I'Vanklin county. In 1849 President 
Tavlor appointed him United States marshal 
of the District of Massachusetts, which office 
he held for four years. It was during this 
time that the Fugitive Slave Act was passed, 
and it became the duty of Devens to return 
to slavery one Sims, who had escaped from 
Georgia. He believed it was his duty to carry 
out the law, even if by so doing he was acting 
against his private views and feelings. Gen- 
eral Devens, however, made a great effort to 
secure the freedom of Sims, and raised money 
for his purchase but was unable to carry out 
his plan. Later he furnished the whole sum 
necessary to free Sims, but the condition of 
the country at the time rendered this aid un- 
necessary. General Devens removed to Wor- 
cester in 1854, and soon afterwards formed a 
partnersliip with George F. Hoar and J. 
Henry Hill, and did an extensive law busi- 
ness. In 1856 he was made city solicitor of 
Worcester, holding the office three years. 

In April, 1861, when the call came for 
troops for the civil war. General Devens was 
trving a case in court. He at once asked for 
another lawyer to take charge of it, and of- 
fered his services in defence of the govern- 
ment. The Third Battalion of Rifles, com- 
posed mostly of Worcester men, chose Dev- 
ens as major, and in a few days went to Fort 
IMcHenry, Maryland, where it was stationed 
for a short time. July 24, 1861, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Andrew to the com- 
mand of the Fifteenth Regiment Alassachu- 
setts \'olunteers, and with it went into camp 
at Poolesville, Maryland, as a part of the 
.\rmy of the Potomac. His regiment took 
part in the fight at Ball's Bluff, where he was 
distinguished for his courage and coolness 
under fire, and although wounded he con- 
ducted himself in such a manner as to receive 
high praise from General McClellan. Shortly 
after, Devens was made brigadier-general of 
volunteers, his brigade being part of the 
Fourth .^rmy Corps under General Couch. 
With his command he was in the desperate 
fight near the Chickahominy Bridge, where 
he was again wounded. General Couch, in 
his report of the engagement, said of Dev- 
ens: "He held his own firmly ... se- 
verely wounded he remained bravely on the 
field until the last gun was fired." In July, 
1862. his division was assigned to the Sixth 
Corps, under General Franklin, and later un- 
der General John Xewton. In the movement 

against Fredericksburg, in December, Dev- 
ens's command was in the advance, and also- 
covered the retreat. The commanding offi- 
cer, in making his report, said : "My obliga- 
tions are due especially to Brigadier-General 
Charles Devens, who commanded the ad- 
vance and rear guard in crossing and re- 
crossing of the river." General Devens was 
later appointed to the command of a division 
in the Eleventh Corps, under General Han- 
cock, and took part in the disastrous battle 
of Chancellorsville, where he was severely 
wounded. At the battle of Cold Harbor, June 
3, 1864, he was disabled by rheumatism, but 
remained on duty during the fight, being car- 
ried about on a stretcher, but was obliged to 
leave his command the next day on account 
of illness. He was able, however, to return 
to take part in the great campaign of General 
Grant against Richmond. He was in com- 
mand of the Third Division of the Twenty- 
fourth Corps, and had the great honor of 
leading the first Federal troops into the capi- 
tal of the Confederacy, and was placed in 
command of the city after the surrender. 
Later he was for some time in command in 
South Carolina. He was mustered out of 
service in 1866. 

Returning to Boston to resume the practice 
of his ])rofession, he was soon after appointed 
bv Governor .Alexander H. Bullock to the bench 
of the superior court of ^Massachusetts, serv- 
ing in that capacity for about six years, when 
he was promoted to the bench of the supreme 
judicial court by Governor Washburn. For 
four years he remained on the bench ; to the 
great satisfaction of the bar and of the com- 
munity generally. In 1877 he was offered a 
])osition in the cabinet of President Hayes, as 
attorney-general, which he was at first dis- 
posed to decline, but finally accepted, and re- 
tained the office till the close of the adminis- 
tration of Hayes. In 1877 Judge Devens re- 
ceived the degree of LL. D. from Harvard 
College, and at the same time honorary de- 
grees were confirmed upon President Hayes 
and Phillips Brooks. At the close of Presi- 
dent Haye's administration. Devens returned 
to Massachusetts, and was soon after re-ap- 
pointed to the bench of the supreme court of 
the state. 

Eminent as General Devens had been in 
militarv life, he was still more so in civil life, 
and attained a high rank as a judge and a 
member of the bar. .As an orator, too, he 
achieved distinction, standing in the front 
rank of the public speakers of his day. His 



oration on General Meade, before the Society 
of the Army of the Potomac, at New Haven, 
in 1873, and that at the dedication of the Sol- 
diers' Monument at Worcester, in 1874, were 
most eloquent and scholarly, and show that he 
was a man of genuine patriotic impulses. His 
brilliant address, June 17, 1875, on the occa- 
sion of the centennial anniversary of the bat- 
tle of Bunker Hill, will long be remembered 
by those privileged to have heard it, as 
marked by strong and felicitous language, 
most suitable for the occasion. Other orations 
worthy of mention were those on General 
Grant, at Worcester, in August, 1885, and, as 
president of Harvard College Alumni, on the 
two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the 
founding of the college, both of them being 
unsurpassed in sentiment and in their courtly 
and polished delivery. Mention should also be 
made of the very graphic and appropriate ad- 
dress made to his comrades on the battlefield 
at Gettysburg in June. 1886, on the occasion 
of the dedication of the monument to the 
Fifteenth Massachusetts Regiment. Judge 
Devens was always a gentleman, treating all 
with whom he came in contact with courtesy 
and in such a manner as to command their re- 
spect. He was especially considerate of the 
men under his command, and while in the field 
was often sending not only words of friend- 
ship but material aid to comrades in arms 
whom he thought in need. To his intimate 
friends he was always most cordial, kind and 
thoughtful, and they felt sure that the friend- 
ship they so much prized was steadfast and 

General Devens died January 7. 1891, very 
suddenly, after a brief illness, surrounded by 
his immediate relatives. His funeral was from 
Trinity Church, Boston, January 10, 1891. 
The services were conducted by Rev. Phillips 
Brooks, LL.D., and the burial was at Mount 
Auburn Cemetery, with military honors. The 
bench and bar were represented in large num- 
bers, and the Order of the Loyal legion, of 
which he had been president for several vears. 
attended in a body. Two of the most artistic 
and impressive statues in the commonwealth 
have been erected in his honor and to his mem- 
ory. One of them is in the grounds of the 
state house in Boston, the other in his home 
city. Worcester. The movement for the latter 
memorial was instituted originally by late 
United States Senator George F. Hoar, a 
friend and associate of General Devens in poli- 
tics and law. A large popular subscription was 
augmented by an appropriation of $5,000 from 

the county of Worcester, $7,500 from the city 
of Worcester, and nearly $4,000 from thirty- 
nine different towns of the county, ranging in 
amount from $25 to $450. At a meeting of 
the commission in charge of the memorial held 
July 12, 1902, it was voted to contract with 
Daniel C. French and E. C. Potter for an 
equestrian statue of General Devens for a sum 
not exceeding $30,000. The inscription on the 
pedestal of the statue indicates its character as 
a county monument to the men as well as the 
leader. It is : "To General Devens and the 
men of ^^'orcester County in the War for the 
Union, 1861-1865." On the west end is a brief 
summary of the career of General Devens in 
civil and military life. The statue was form- 
ally dedicated July 4, igo6. A body of two 
hundred and fifty of the militia of Worcester 
and a thousand civil war veterans took part in 
the parade and exercises. Governor Curtis 
Guild made an eloquent address. The statue 
was formally presented to the county by the 
president of the commission. General William 
F. Draper, and the statue unveiled by Charles 
Devens Osborne, a grandnephew of General 
Devens. General Stewart L. Woodford, of 
New York, was the orator of the day. Among 
those present was President Taft. then Secre- 
tary of War. We quote from General Wood- 
ford : "He was a citizen in all that citizenship 
means and implies. He was jurist in the large 
and true sense of the word. He was a wise, 
broad, great lawyer. He was an orator whose 
full, rich and classic eloquence lives on the 
printed page as it enchained our enraptured 
sense when spoken. But above all, Charles 
Devens was, as no man whom I have known, 
the essential type of the citizen soldier and 
soldier gentleman." General Devens never 

(IV) Arthur Lithgow, son of Charles De- 
vens, was born in Charlestown, April 26, 1821, 
and died July 22, 1867. He attended the pub- 
lic schools of Charlestown and the Boston Lat- 
in School, entered Harvard College and was 
graduated in the class of 1840, studied his pro- 
fession in Harvard Law School, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1842. He began to prac- 
tice his profession, but found business more to 
his liking, and became selling agent of the Otis 
^Manufacturing Company, of Boston. He be- 
came a partner in the firm of J. W. Paige & 
Company of Boston, and was also treasurer 
of the Appleton & Hamilton Manufacturing 
Company at the time of his death. He was a 
member of the Union and Somerset clubs of 
Boston. In the midst of a promising and sue- 



cessfnl career he was cut off in the prime of 
life. In pohtics he was a RepubHcan after the 
organization of that party. In religion he was 
a member of the Episcopal Church. He mar- 
ried, July 20, 1852, Agnes Howard, daughter 
of Abijah and Ann Maria (Howard) White, 
of an old Watertown family. She is a sister 
of the first wife of James Russell Lowell. ( See 
White family). Children, born at Ware, Mas- 
sachusetts: I. Arthur Lithgow, June 3, 1853; 
mentioned below. 2. Bessie, November 29, 
1855; died December 23, 1855. 3. Mary, May 
ig, 1857; resides with her mother in Cam- 
bridge. 4. Agnes, born in Boston, June 17, 
1865; died March 26, 1896; married, October 
2-j, 1886, Thomas Mott CJsbourne, of Auburn, 
New York ; children : i. David Munson, born 
November 20, 1887: ii. Charles Devens, No- 
vember 22, 1888; iii. Arthur Lithgow, born 
April 2, 1892: iv. Robert Klipfel, February 

3- 1897. 

(V) Arthur Lithgow, son of Arthur Lith- 
gow Devens, was born June 3, 1853. He at- 
tended private schools of Boston, and fitted 
for college at the school of E. S. Dixwell. He 
graduated from Harvard College in the class 
of 1874. He is a partner in the banking firm 
of Devens, Lyman & Company, of Boston. In 
politics he is a Republican, and in religion an 
Episcopalian. He married, December 27, 
1876, Agnes Russell Elwood, of Rochester, 
New York, born October 4, 1852. Children : 
I. Agnes Dorothy, born June 3, 1878 : mar- 
ried Paul Mascar'ene Hamlen, of Boston, De- 
cember 6, 1901. 2. Arthur Lithgow Jr., born 
November 15, 1879; married, April 6, 1907, 
Wenonah Wetmore, of New York. 3. Eliza- 
beth Elwood, born April 12, 1881 : married, 
September 28, 1907, Gerald Dorr Boardman, 
of Boston. 

(The "Wliite Line). 

(I) Andrew White was born about 1670, 
and may have been an immigrant. On Febru- 
ary 27,1712-3, Andrew White and Nathaniel 
St'earms, of Watertown, bought for four hun- 
dred pounds a house and thirty-six acres of 
land of Elisha Cook and his wife Elizabeth of 
Boston. He also bought eleven acres in 
Cambridge. The farm remained in the White 
family for many generations. He married, in 
Woburn, February 4, 1695-6, Sarah Sander- 
son, born March 17, 1668-9, died December 
31, 1749, daughter of William and Sarah San- 
derson. He clied May 13, 1742. Children: I. 
Sarah, born November 17, 1696. 2. Andrew, 
December 2C), 1700: mentioned below. 3. 

William, December 18, 1702; married, July 
7, 1726, Sarah Cutting. 4. Hannah, January 
15, 1708-9; married, December 2, 1730, Jon- 
athan Learned. Children of Andrew and 
Mary White, (probably a second wife: 5. 
Samuel, born August 12, 1717. 6. Marcy, 
February zj, 1720. 7. John, March 18, 1725. 
(II) Andrew (2), son of Andrew (i) White, 
was born December 29, 1700, and lived in 
Watertown. He was selectman there in 1751 
and 1762. He married, December 12, 1722, 
Jane Dix, born November 18, 1704, died De- 
cember 31, 1793, daughter of John and 
Martha (Lawrence) Dix, granddaughter of 
John and Elizabeth (Barnard) Dix, and great- 
granddaughter of Edward Dix, the immi- 
grant, and Jane Wilkinson, his wife. Chil- 
dren: I. Jonas, born December 18, 1724; 
mentioned below. 2. Samuel, born April 9, 
1726; died June 19, 1810. 3. Ruth, born 
:\Iarch 17, 1727-8; married June 2, 1748, Jo- 
seph Peirce. 4. Sarah, born Alay 27, 1730; 
married August i, 1754, Nathan Kendall. 5. 
Martha (twin), born May 2-], 1730; married 
April II, 1 75 1, Nathaniel Livermore. 6. Han- 
nah, born January I, 1731-2. /. Lydia, born 
August 14, 1733; married May 8, 1753, 
Ephraim Peirce. 8. Jedediah, born Febru- 
ary 3, 1734-5; married Elizabeth Wellington. 
9. 'Lucy, born December 5, 1736; married 
November 17, 1757, Paul Wyman. 10. Abi- 
gail, baptized August 20, 1738; married Oc- 
tober 29, 1761, Samuel Fiske. 11. Andrew, 
baptized May 3, 1741 : married April 20, 1769, 
Marv Cutting. 12. Eunice, baptized March 
27, 1743. 13- Elijah, baptized May 26, 1745. 

(III) Jonas, son of Andrew (2) White, was 
born December 18, 1724, and died December 
22, 1798. After 1764 he was a trader at 
Watertown. He married. May 2, 1749, Lois 
Stearns, born January 18, 1722-3, died No- 
vember, 1796, daughter of John and Abigail 
(Fiske) Stearns, granddaughter of Samuel 
and Hannah (Manning) Stearns, and great- 
granddaughter of Isaac and Mary Stearns, 
the immigrants. Children: i. Abijah, born 
Mav 22, 1750. 2. Jonas, June 7, 1752; men- 
tioned below. 3. Joel, July 15. I7S4- 4- 
Lois, October 8, 1756. 5. Josiah, November 
5, 1758. 6. Abigail, baptized August 10. 
1760. 7. Lois, born February 4, 1764: mar- 
ried August 31, 1786, James Robbins. 

(IV) Jonas (2), son of Jonas (i) White, 
was born June 7, 1752. He was representa- 
tive to the general court in 1803 to 1807, and 

180Q. He married Ruth . Children: 

I. Abijah, born June 21, 1777; died Septem- 



ber, 1778. 2. Abijah. boni June 2. 1779; men- 
tioned below. 3. Lucy, born February 20, 
1781. 4. Jonas, May 19, 1782. 5. William, 
November 6, 1784. 6. Josiah, Alarch 16, 
1787. 7. Henry, April 22, 1789. 

(V) Abijah, son of Jonas (,2) White, was 
born at Watertown, June 2, 1779, and died in 
1846. He acquired a large estate. He mar- 
ried Ann Alaria Howard. Child : Agnes 
Howard, married, July 20, 1852, Arthur Lith- 
gow Devens (see Devens I\ ). 

About the middle of the seven- 
DRISKC ) teenth century there was a con- 
siderable immigration of Scotch 
people along the southern coast of Maine, and 
it is probable that this name came to America 
at that time. There is a family tradition that 
the name is of Polish origin, but this arises 
probably from the present form of the name 
rather than from any basis of fact. It may be 
a variation of the name Driscoll, and is found 
in the meagre traces discovered in New Eng- 
land, with the spellings, Drisco, Driscoe, and 
Driscow. In searching through the annals of 
New England but fleeting glimpses of the 
name appear, and none of the genealogical au- 
thorities make reference to it at all. The "His- 
tory of Wells, Maine," gives the name of John 
Drisco among those who lived in that town be- 
tween 1 64 1 and 1687. It was probably very 
near the latter date that his name is found 
there, as it appears near the end of the list, and 
other circumstances would also indicate the 
fact. There were persons of the name living 
in Rye, New Hampshire, in 1753 and 1756. 
The name iirst appears in Scarboro, Maine, in 
1729, when Sarah Drisco was married to John 
Sharp. Two years later Elizabeth Drisco was 
married to Isaac McKenncy in the same town. 
It is probable that they were daughters of the 
John Driscoe who was in W^ells about 1687. 
A Jeremiah Drisco was married in Dover as 
early as 1682 and he was probably the father 
of Sarah Drisco, married in 1706, and of Cor- 
nelius Drisco who was married in the same 
town as early as 1715. It is presumable that 
Jeremiah Drisco, of Dover, was a brother of 
John Drisco, of W'ells. The first settlers along 
the Maine coast and in the vicinity of Ports- 
mouth and Dover, New Hampshire, were not 
of the same character as those who settled 
farther south upon our shores. They did not 
come hither to escape religious persecution, 
but to engage in the fisheries and lumbering 
industry, which offered promises of a liveli- 
hood and of some gains. This is true to a 

considerable extent of those who went thither 
from other points along our coast. Such rec- 
ords as were made by the pioneers in this re- 
gion were mostly destroyed in the numerous 
Indian outrages which burned their homes and 
drove them away. They were a brave people 
however, and most of them again returned to 
build up their fortunes upon the original loca- 
tions. The records of the seventeenth century 
in the district now available are extremely 
meagre and scattered. •■ 

(I) John Drisco resided in Wells, Maine, 
but how long cannot now be ascertained. He 
probably came there as a single man, and there 
married, and for aught that can now be dis- 
covered there ended his days. 

(II) John (2), undoubtedly a son of John 

( 1 ) Drisco, was residing in Scarboro, Maine, 
as early as 1734. On August 18 of that year 
his wife, May Drisco, was admitted to the 
First Church of Scarboro by baptism, and on 
the same date her daughters, Judith and Joan- 
na, were baptized. It is presumable that 
Moses Drisco, whose parentage is not given 
and who was baptized at the same church. 
May 9, 1735, was also their child. Presuma- 
bly they had other children before coming to 

(III) Joseph Drisko was a resident of Scar- 
boro in 1743, and was probably a son of John 

(2) and Mary Drisco. His wife's name was 
Elizabeth, and there is evidence that her maid- 
en name was Gatchel, but no record shows the 
fact. They had children baptized at the Scar- 
boro church: John, January 9, 1743; Samuel 
Gatchel, August 13, 1749; Elizabeth, March 
16, 1757. No doubt there were others, but 
these are all that appear in the church records. 

(IV') Joseph (2), born about 1739, probably 
a son of Joseph ( i ) and Elizabeth Drisko, 
was married at the First Church in Scarboro, 
November 22, 1760, to Olive, daughter of 
Thomas and Abigail Larrabee, baptized June 
12, 1743. Not long after his marriage he pro- 
ceeded farther into the wilderness and es- 
tablished a home in the wilds of Addison, 
Washington county, Maine, where he began 
to clear up land and engaged in farming. He 
was surrounded by wild animals, and much of 
his living was afforded in the earlv years by- 
the game of the forest. Not many years after 
he had established his homestead there, he 
passed away in the prime of life, leaving four 
sons and three daughters : John, Josiah, Joseph, 
Jeremiah, Hannah, Polly and Lucy. This fam- 
ily was especially remarkable for longevity. All 
of the seven lived to be over eighty years of 



age. and most of them neared their ninety-mile 
post. All were married except the last named. 
The family records say that their mother was 
a Miss Wilson, a native of Martha's Vine- 
yard. If so, the father must have been twice 
married. She lived to be ninety-nine years of 

(V) Jeremiah, youngest child of Joseph 
(2) Drisko, was born April 17, 1790, in Ad- 
dison, Maine, and died there early in 1871. 
He was early accustomed to the labors of the 
homestead farm, but soon after attaining his 
majority, engaged in ship building and became 
in time one of the most successful ship build- 
ers on the Maine coast. At the same time he 
continued to till a large farm in his native 
town not far from the old home, of which he 
was the owner, and here his death occurred. 
In many respects he was a remarkable man, 
and he commanded the respect of all with 
whom he came in contact. He was known 
along the Maine coast as an honest and up- 
right citizen. He possessed great strength of 
character, being strong and energetic with 
great determination, and these qualities en- 
abled him to carry through large undertak- 
ings. He was an old line Democrat, and took 
an active interest in town and state politics. 
His religious beliefs were firmly fixed, and he 
was a devoted member of the Baptist church, 
and was ever ready to further any interest 
calculated to advance his home community. 
He married, in Maine, Anne, born in St. An- 
drews, New Brunswick, of English and Scotch 

parentage, the daughter of John and 

( Rose ) Frankland. They were probably mar- 
ried in the old country before coming to New 
Brunswick. John Frankland was a man of 
exceptionally "fine nature, well educated, some- 
thing of a genius, and possesing many artistic 
and interesting c|nalities. He was a ship- 
wright and caulker, well known to a large 
community for his genial nature. Mrs. 
Drisko was among the eldest of their fifteen 
children. She was the mother of four sons 
and three daughters : i. Anne F., born in i8ig ; 
married John Barton, who died when thirty 
years old; she married (second) Greene B. 
Stevens, a successful brick mason of Maine : 
- she had three children : Dora \V., Howard 
M. and William; she died at the age of seven- 
ty years. 2. Benjamin F., born 1821, died 
in Maine when a little past seventy years 
of age ; he was a carpenter ; he mar- 
ried Nancy Plummer and had children : How- 
ard, Julia and Eliza ; both are now deceased. 3. 
l\-rry Cook, born in 1823-24; was for twen- 

ty-one years master of a sailing vessel, and 
visited nearly every important port on the 
globe ; he is yet living, residing in Province- 
town, Massachusetts, and has a son, Henry B., 
born of his first wife, who was formerly 
Frances Plummer, of Maine. 4. Ormander. 
was a ship carpenter early in life and 
removed to Boston, where he became 
a house carpenter; he is now retired, 
living a part of the time in Boston and the re- 
mainder in Maine ; he married ( first) Cath- 
erine Wass, who left two sons, Frederick and 
Alonzo; married (second) Mrs. Celia (Long) 
Knowles, who bore him two sons and two 
daughters. 5. Alonzo S., mentioned below. 
6. Margaret L., born in 1831, died at the age 
of about seventy years; she was the wife of 
Captain Charles Union, who raised a com- 
pany of soldiers in Maine, which he com- 
manded through several years of active ser- 
vice in the civil war, participating in many en- 
gagements, and is now deceased ; they left a 
son, Frank L. 7. Emma, born in 1835; be- 
came the wife of John Hinckley, a former sea 
captain ; she survives him and is now living 
on a farm in Idaho, where he settled some- 
time before his death ; they had five children : 
Merrill, .\lbert, Perny, Mable and Aland. 

(\'T) Alonzo Shaw, fourth son of Jeremiah 
and Anne (Frankland) Drisko, was born Oc- 
tober 2, 182Q, in Addison, where he grew up 
to the age of twenty years. In the spring of 
1849 he went to Boston to seek employment 
at any honorable occupation which offered ; 
he learned the trade of house carpenter, serv- 
ing faithfully for three years as an apprentice, 
and subsequently for some time as a journey- 
man. In time he set up business on his own 
account, and by his skillful workmanship and 
honest methods rapidly proved himself 
worthv as a citizen and business man. He 
was energetic and industrious and built a 
great many business places and residences in 
Old Boston. After the fire of 1872 he con- 
structed fifty-one stores in the burned dis- 
trict, and from that time was a very success- 
ful building contractor up to the time of his 
retirement in 1903. Mr. Drisko has always 
taken an active interest in the development 
of his home city, and he has ever been ready 
to forward any plan that promised to pro- 
mote the general welfare. Since the organ- 
ization of the Republican party in 1856 he 
has been one of its most staunch supporters, 
and is proud of the fact that his first presiden- 
tial vote was cast for John C. F"remont. Both 
he and his wife have been affiliated with the 



Universalist church. He married. June 23, 
1853, in Boston, Alvina Wass, born May 25, 
1832, in Addison, died December i, 1906. at 
their beautiful home on Warren street, Rox- 
bury. She was a daughter of Chapman and 
:\[arv (Curtis) Wass. both natives of Maine, 
where they hved active Hves, and died at the 
ages of sixtv-five and seventy years respec- 
tively. IVIrs. Drisko was reared in her native 
town to maturity, and was a good wife and 
mother, devoted to her home and the up- 
building of the best interests of the com- 
munitv" She was the mother of three chil- 
dren : Ella C, Laura, and Clara M. The first 
died at the age of twenty-six years, the sec- 
ond at nineteen, and the third at twenty-two : 
all unmarried. 

"It appears", writes the late 
COOLIDGE H. G. Somerby, "in the 
Rolls of the Hundreds, 
time of Edward the First, that William de 
Coolidge held lands in Cambridgeshire, from 
which one can reasonably infer that the fam- 
ilv were seated in that county at that time. 
The practice of adopting hereditary sur- 
names from manors and localities originated 
in Normandy about the close of the tenth 
century or the beginning of the eleventh. 
Possessors of land took them from their own 
estates, a practice in which the Xormans 
were soon imitated by the English, particu- 
larly after the Conquest. Alany families of 
Saxon origin copied the example of their 
conqueror and prefi.xed to their names in a 
few instances the preposition "de," still re- 
tained : but, generally speaking, it was drop- 
ped from surnames about the time of Henry 
\l. Thus, instead of William de Coolidge, 
the landed gentrv wrote themselves William 
Coolidge. The custom of takirig name from 
towns and villages in England is sufficient 
proof of the ancient descents of those families 
who bear them. That the name Coulinge 
(Coolidge) is derived from the village of 
Couling, or Cowling, in Suffolk, there is not 
the least doubt, and it continued so to be 
spelt with occasional variations until after the 
familv settled in Arrington. Probably Collins 
is derived from the same source. The family 
of Coolidge of Cambridgeshire is the only 
one in England that adopted their peculiar 
wav of spelling the name : the corruption 
being in consequence of there being no fixed 
mode of spelling in those days, and persons 
wrote names as thev sounded to the ear. In 
_ Burke's "Dictionarv of Arms" are several 

varieties in the spelling of the name, evidently 
of one common origin, from the similarity 
of the arms, the griffin being always intro- 
duced in some form or another, either in the 
arms or crest. The fleur-de-lis seems an- 
cientlv to have been connected with the fam- 
ilv arms. In the year 1327 Walter Coulin 
and Ralph Couling of Wimpole (adjoining 
the parish of Arrington), county Cambridge, 
were assessed to the King's subsidies. The 
name has undergone various orthographic 
changes from the time of its adoption from 
the village of Cowling in Suffolk on the bor- 
ders of Cambridgeshire, the first of the name 
being styled de Cowling, or de Cooling, as 
lordof the manor there, soon after removed 
to Cambridgeshire, and spelt the name, at 
different periods. Couling. Cullings. Colynge, 
Cullidge, Coledge, Cowledge, Cooledge, 
Coolidge, etc. 

(I) Thomas Colynge, of Arrington, first of 
the authentic pedigree of the Coolidge family, 
died 1498. His will was dated February 11. 
1545 and was proved in the Bishop's Court of 
Ely' the same year. Children: i. William, 
married ^largaret Bell, whose will was dated 
April 18, 1538, proved January 31, 1538: liis 
will was dated January 12, 15 19, and proved 
Alay 27, 15 19. 2. John, mentioned below. 3. 
Agnes, married Hill. 4. Alice. 

(II) John, son of Thomas Colynge, lived at 
Arrington: will dated December 6, 1524, 
jiroved December 10, 1524; wife .Alice died be- 
fore him. Children: i. Roger, probably died 
unmarried, 2. Thomas, mentioned below. 

(III) Thomas (2), son of John, mentioned 
in his father's will, 

(I\') John (2), son of Thomas (2) Colynge, 
was a legatee in the will of his grandfather 
John, in 1524. Children: i. Son. father of 
Thomas. 2. Simeon, mentioned below. 3. 
Thomas of Downani. 

(\') Simeon Cooledge (note change of 
name), son of John (2), hved in Cot- 
tenham, where he was buried Novem- 
ber 10, 1590. His will was dated No- 
vember 6, and proved November 23, 1590. He 

married (first) Jane . who was buried 

at Cottenham, December 15, 1584; (second) 

Agnes , who survived him. Children: 

I. .Alice, married, October 14, 1537. Robert 
^^■hitehead. 2. William, of Cottenham, buried 
(3ctober 25, 1618: (see forward). 3. John, 
died October, 1622: married Frances Fabram, 
who died November. 1603. 4. .Agnes. 5. 
Edith, baptized December 5, 1574. fi. Thomas, 
baptized July 26, 1579: died .August, 1599. 



( VT) William, son of Simeon Cooledge, was 
born about 1560, and was buried at Cotten- 
ham, October 25, 1618. His will, dated Octo- 
ber 21, 1618, was proved the last day of same 
month. He married, at Cottenham. June 23. 
158S, Margaret ]\Iayse. who was buried there 
February 11. 1620. Children, with baptismal 
dates: i. Richard, January 4, 1590; married 
May 5, 1615, Elizabeth Ezzex ; six children. 2. 
William, January 4, 1590. 3. Jane, December 
27, 1593; buried ]\Iarch 22, 1596. 4. Thomas. 
July 22, 1595; buried July i, 1597. 5. Eliza- 
beth, May 22, 1598. 6. Simon, June 15, 1600. 
7. Margaret, September .19, 1602. 8. John, 
mentioned below. 

(VH) John (3) Coolidge (note change of 
name), son of William Cooledge, was bap- 
tized at Cottenham, England, September 16, 
1604. He was one of the earliest settlers of 
Watertown, Massachusetts, probably in 1630, 
and a proprietor in 1636. He was admitted a 
freeman May 28, 1636. He was a prominent 
citizen, selectman many times between 1636 
and 1677; deputy to the general court in 1658; 
was often called upon to witness and draft 
wills, make inventories and settle estates. His 
will, dated November ig, 1681, proved June 
16, 1691, bequeathed to wife Mary, sons John. 
Stephen, Simon. Nathaniel and Jonathan, and 
granddaughters Sarah and Mary Mixer. His 
inventory amounted to 237 pounds seven shil- 
lings. Grace, widow of Roger Porter, in her 
will calls Coolidge her brother. His homestall 
in 1642 was bounded on the north by the Cam- 
bridge line, west by land of William Paine, 
east by land of David Fiske, and south by the 
highway to the pond. In 1673 he bought the 
homestead of Fiske of his son, David Fiske 
Jr. He died at Watertown, May 7, 1691, aged 
eighty-eight, according to town records. His 
widow Mary died August 22, 1691, aged eigh- 
ty-eight. Their gravestones are yet standing 
in Watertown. Children: i. John, probably 
born in England. 2. Elizabeth (?), married 
June, 1656, Gilbert Crackbone. 3. Mary, born 
October 14, 1637: married, September ig, 
1655, Isaac Mixer Jr. 4. Stephen, born Oc- 
tober 28, 1639: wife Rebecca died April 15, 
1702: he died 1771, without issue. 5. Simon, 
born 1632; mentioned below. 6. Obadiah, 
horn April 18, 1642 : died 1663 unmarried. 7. 
Nathaniel, died 171 1. 8. Jonathan, born 
March 10, 1646-7: (see sketch). 

(\Tn) Simon, son of John (3) Coolidge, 
was born in Watertown, in 1632, and died in 
1693. He married (first) Hannah Barron, 
who died July 14. 1680, daughter of Ellis and 

Hannah (Hawkins) Barron; (second) Janu- 
ary 19, 1681-2, Priscilla Rogers, who died 
1694. Children: i. Alary, born December 
II, 1660; married, July 21, 1681, Nathaniel 
Bright. 2. Obadiah, born and died July,. 
1663. 3. Obadiah, born 1664; mentioned be- 
low. 4. Joseph, born May 31, 1666; died De- 
cember 17, 1737. 5. Hannah, born Decem- 
ber 7, 1671 ; married, November 3, 1693, 
Daniel Smith ; (second) Deacon Nathan 
Fiske. 6. Stephen, born June i, 1674. 7. 
Lydia, born and died 1676-7. 8. Sarah, mar- 
ried, July 10, 1701, Samuel Hastings; died 

(IN) Obadiah, son of Simon Coolidge„ 
was born in Watertown, in 1664. He mar- 
ried, February 28, 1686-7, Elizabeth Rouse,, 
of Hartford. He settled in Sudbury, and re- 
turned to Watertown about 1694. His will 
was dated February 18 and proved June 19,. 
1706. His widow married (second) February 
16, 1714, John Cunningham. Children: i. 
Elizabeth, married, December 5, 171 1, John 
Sawin. 2. Joseph, died August 15, 1721. 3. 
Hannah, married, April 29, 1714, Daniel 
Bond. 4. Obadiah, born in Watertown, Au- 
gust 27, 1694; see sketch. 5. Sarah, born 
April 8, i6g6: married, June 4, 1730, Samuel 
Furbush. 6. Abigail, born August 17, 1698;. 
married Joshua Grant (?). 7. Mary, married,, 
September 20, 1733, John Mead. 8. Lydia, 
l.)orn February 5, 1701-2. 9. Simon, born 
June 12, 1704; mentioned below. 10. Ste- 
phen, born November 2, 1705; died young. 

(X) Simon (2), son of Obadiah Coolidge,. 
was born in Watertown, June 12, 1704. He 
was a bricklayer and mason by trade. He 
married, January 9, 1725, Abia, born Febru- 
ary 4. 1706, daughter of John and Hannah 
(Stratton) Sanderson. Children: i. Joseph,, 
born June 18, 1730; mentioned below. 2. 
Lydia, born December 31, 1731. 3. Lois, 
born November 9, 1733; married, October 
14, 1765, Samuel Brown. 4. Anne, born No- 
vember 20, 1736: married, December 18, 1756, 
Thomas Rand. 5. Sarah, born August 11, 
1738: married, June 12, 1759, Simon Has- 
tings. 6. Eunice, born March 10, 1739-40. 
7. Simon, born December 29, 1741 ; married,. 
Decemlier 25, 1764, Mary Jennison. 8. Me- 
hitabel, born February 7, 1747. 9. Mercy, 
June 9, 1749. 

(XI) Joseph, son of Simon (2) Coolidge, 
was born June 18. 1730. and was killed in the 
battle of Lexin.gton, April 19, 1775. He mar- 
ried. September II, 1753, Eunice Stratton, 
born December 27, 1727, daughter of John 

~Z^a/f'n .Jn//f/in// VJOfi/fr/o 




and Abigail Stratton, of Watertown. Chil- 
dren: I. Mercy, born August 10, 1754; mar- 
ried, 1795, Richard Merrit. 2. Elizabeth, 
born January 15, 1757; married, January 16, 
1785, Justin Bliss. 3. Joshua, born Septem- 
ber II, 1759; mentioned below. 4. Joseph, 
born February 25, 1791. 5. Eunice, baptized 
October 2;^, 1763; married, June 26, 1783, 
Newton Ba.xter. 6. Lucy, baptized August 
10, 1766. 7. John, baptized April 16, 1769. 

(XII) Joshua, son of Joseph Coolidge, was 
born September 11, 1759, in Watertown. He 
was in the revolution, in Captain John Wal- 
ton's company, Colonel Eleazer Brook's regi- 
ment, 1776, also January 12 to Februarj- 3, 
1778, guarding troops of convention. He 
married, December 11, 1783, Jemima Nor- 
cross, born May 11, 1766, died August 18, 
1849, daughter of Josiah and Elizabeth 
(Child) Norcross. Children: i. Betsey, 
born June 14, 1784; married William Stone. 
2. Joshua, born September i, 1785. 3. Josiah, 
born April 5, 1787. 4. David, born March 23, 
1789; mentioned below. 5. Jesse, born Feb- 
ruary 25, 1791. 6. John, married Miss Bond, 
and their descendants are living in Watertown, 
Massachusetts; Sarah, married Joshua Stone; 
Ann, married John Dana, of Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, and had a son, Charles, an artist ; 
George Coolidge, of Watertown, had a daugh- 
ter, Ellen, who married Mr. Pratt, of Walker 
& Pratt, stove manufacturers of Watertown, 

(XIII) David, son of Joshua Coolidge, was 
born in Watertown, March 23, 1789, and died 
November 28, 1876. He settled first in Rox- 
bury, and then in Brookline, where he bought 
a large tract of land which he devoted prin- 
cipally to gardening purpose, raising early 
vegetables and fruits. He married, May i, 
1814, Susan Griggs, born September 2, 1793, 
died May 30, 1886, daughter of Joshua Griggs, 
of Brookline. Children: i. Susan, born Feb- 
ruary 17, 1815: married, April 5, 1838, Isaac 
Dearborn. 2. David Sullivan, born July 10, 
1816: mentioned below. 3. Charles, March 4, 
1818. 4. James Winchell, July 23, 1826. 5. 
Francis Henry, August 6. 1828. 6. Stephen 
Griggs. 1832. 7. William Dexter, December 
16, 1834. 8. George Henry. May 8. 1837. 

(XI"V) David Sullivan, son of David 
Coolidge, was born in Roxbury, July 10. i8t6, 
and died October 24, 1887. He removed when 
young with his parents to Brookline, where 
he was reared and educated. He bought land 
of his father and built a house, in which he 
lived after his marriage and until his death, 

iv— 25 

for forty-six years, and carried on general 
husbandry until his' death. He was identified 
with the Whigs in his early manhood, but 
later was an earnest supporter of the Republi- 
can party. He was quite influential in local 
affairs, and served a number of years as se- 
lectman. He built and kept a grocery store at 
Brookline, at what is now known at Coolidge 
Corner, corner of Beacon and Harvard streets. 
His brother, William D. Coolidge, was asso- 
ciated with him in the store for many years. 
He married, January 6, 1841, Caroline Griggs, 
daughter of Deacon Thomas and Harriet 
(Fuller) Griggs of Brookline. Both were 
members of the Baptist church. Children: i. 
Henry Sullivan, born January 6, 1842; men- 
tioned below. 2. Walter G., born February 
2;^, 1844; married November, 1872, Georgette 
Robinson, of Brooklyn, New York ; resides in 
Chicago; children: i. Winthrop, married 
Mary Knowlton of Freeport, Illinois, and had 
\\'inthrop Knowlton and Dexter K. ; ii. Con- 
stance ; iii. Helen, iv. Louise, v. Hazel. 3. 
Harriet M., born February 20, 1847, died 
April 19, 1902. 4. Ellen G., born February 9, 

(X\') Henry Sullivan, son of David Sulli- 
van Coolidge, was born at Brookline, January 
fi. 1842. Lie received his education in the pub- 
lic schools of his native town, graduating at 
the high school. He engaged in the produce 
business in Boston, which he continued suc- 
cessfully until after the death of his father. 
.Since that time his entire attention has been 
devoted to the care of his real estate interests 
in Brookline. He has built and sold a large 
number of houses, his transactions in this line 
being quite extensive, and he is considered one 
of the most enterprising and progressive citi- 
zens of the town. He is a sound Republican 
in politics, and he and his family are attend- 
ants of the Baptist church. He married June 
13, 1872, Harriet Russell, born July 23, 1844, 
daughter of Jeremiah and Louisa Russell, of 
Watertown. Her father was a well-known ice- 
dealer of that place. Qiildren: i. Linda G., 
born August 13, 1875; married March 27, 
iqoi, Louis Hood, of Seneca Falls, New York, 
and died August 30, 1901. 2. Russell, born 
September 25, 1881 : resides at home. 

(The Griggs Line). 

Thomas Griggs, immigrant ancestor, born 
in England, and was a householder in Ro.x- 
bury. ^lassachusetts, in 1636. His first wife, 
!\Iary, was buried November 29, 1639, and he 
married (second) August 26, 1640, Mary 



Green. She married (second) Jasper Rawl- 
ings. He had an allottment of land at jNIuddy 
River (Brookhne). He died after a Hngering 
sickness, May 23, 1646, and the inventory of 
his estate was taken May 25, 1646. Children : 
Daughter, born 1633, died 1645 ; John ; Joseph, 
mentioned below. 

(H) Joseph, son of Thomas Griggs, was 
born in England, about 1625, and came to New 
England with his father. He settled at Muddy 
River, having sold his Roxbury property in 

1652. He resided in what was known as Rox- 
bury District, or Punch Bowl Village. He be- 
came a member of the Roxbury church June 
20, 1653 : was admitted a freeman May 18, 
1653; was deputy to general court 1681, and 
selectman of Roxbury, 1677-80-83-87-88. As 
a member of that board he was active in pro- 
curing a grant of land from the legislature to 
establish the town of New Roxbury, now 
Woodstock, Connecticut. He served on the 
grand jury in 1689. Previous to 1739 he was 
joint owner in a grist mill, and sold to Joseph 
Belknap, who' proceeded to use the water priv- 
ilege in such a manner as to damage the citi- 
zens of Brookline and Roxbury in neglecting 
to do as much grinding as was necessary for 
home consumption. Accordingly, application 
was made to the selectmen for relief, which 
was arranged. Mr. Griggs enjoyed the con- 
fidence and esteem of his fellow citizens 
throughout a long and useful life. He died 
February 10, 1714-5, aged ninety years. He 
married (first) Mary Crafts, died June 30, 

1653, daughter of Grififin Crafts, of Roxbury ; 
(second) November 8, 1654, Hannah Davis, 
died January 9, 1683, daughter of Samuel and 
Anna Davis. Children, all by second wife: i. 
Samuel, born 1656 ; died 1657. 2. Mary, born 
1657 ; died young. 3. Hannah, born 1659. 4. 
Joseph, born 1661. 5. Benjamin, born 1668; 
removed to Connecticut. 6. Joanna, born 
1672. 7. Ichabod, born September 27, 1675 ; 
mentioned below. 8. Mary, born 1682. 

(HI) Ichabod, son of Joseph Griggs, was 
born September 27, 1675, and was a farmer. 

He married Margaret . Children: i. 

Hannah, born 1702. 2. Samuel, 1704. 3. 
Elizabeth, 1705. 4. Joseph, 1708. 5. Esther, 
1710. 6. Sarah, 1712. 7. Nathan, 1714. 8. 
Thomas, 17 15-6; mentioned below. 9. Icha- 
bod, 1718. 

(IV) Thomas (2), son of Ichabod Griggs, 
was born February 25, 171 5-16, and died July 
7, 1782. He settled in the lower parish of 
Roxbury, now a part of Brookline. He was 
a cordwainer, and worked for many years at 

his trade in what is known as the Downer 
House, which he built. He afterwards sold 
the estate and bought the one later owned by 
Deacon David Coolidge, on Harvard street. 
He married, September i, 1743, Margaret 
Williams, of Roxbury. .Children: i. Sarah, 
born 1744; died young. 2. Elizabeth, born 
1745. 3. Moses, 1747; settled in Brighton. 
4. Thomas, 1750; settled in Sutton. 5. Sam- 
uel, 1753; mentioned below. 6. John, 1756. 
7. Joseph, 1760. 8. Joshua, 1763. 9. Sarah, 
1765. 10. Nathaniel, 1770. 

(V) Samuel (2), son of Thomas (2) Griggs, 
was born December 23, 1753, died January 
16, 1 8 14. He settled on the homestead, which 
was purchased from Captain John Winches- 
ter, and which is still owned and occupied by 
a descendant. He married, December 7, 1780, 
Beulah Hammond, who died August 21, 
1847, aged ninety, daughter of Daniel and 
Lucy (Jones) Hammond of Newton. She was 
one of the organizers of the Baptist denom- 
ination of Brookline. Children: i. Joseph, 
born 1781 ; married Sarah Fuller, of Need- 
ham, January 12, 1827, and had a daughter, 
Emeline, who married Edward Wilson and 
resides in Brookline. 2. Samuel, born July 
18, 1784; married (first) Caroline Bacon; 
(second) Abigail Sawin. 3. William Jones, 
born March 19, 1786; died October 24, 1804. 
4. Thomas, born April 5, 1788; mentioned 
below. 5. Susan, born January 29, 1790; 
died November, 1874 ; married (first) Deacon 
Aaron Hayden, of Eastport, Maine ; (second) 
Ephraim Jackson, of Newton. 6. Lucy, born 
August 10, 1792 ; died April 20, 1883 ; mar- 
ried David R. Griggs. 7. John, born Decem- 
ber 30, 1794; married November 23, 1820, 
Sarah Davies Williams. 8. Stephen, born 
1796; married Caroline Fish, and was drown- 
ed at Rockport, Massachusetts, August 16, 
1850. 9. Margaret Williams, born November 
29, 1800; married Henry Wood of Boston. 
She died December 24, 1887; had a daughter 
Elizabeth, who married James A. Penfield 
(see Penfield). 

(VI) Deacon Thomas (3). son of Samuel 
(2) Griggs, was born April 5, 1788, and died 
September 20, 1886. He inherited a part of 
the homestead of his father, which consisted 
of about forty acres of land extending from 
Harvard street to the top of Corey Hill, and 
bought the interests of the other heirs. At 
one time he was the owner of over a hundred 
acres, including the land extending from his 
residence to Coolidge's store. At the time of 
his ownership of Corey Hill the north side 



was covered with a large growth of cedar 
trees, which he removed and prepared the 
land for cultivation. He also cleared the 
land in the rear of his house on Washington 
street from Park street to land of Deacon 
John Robinson. In 1834 he built the house 
on Washington street, where his son, Dea- 
con Thomas B. Griggs, afterward resided, 
where he lived for twelve years, and then re- 
moved to present house on Washington 
street, which he built and where he resided 
until his death. The land on which it was 
built consisted of alders, barberry bushes, 
and every other kind of swamp bushes, and 
is now the most fertile land in Brookline. 

Deacon Griggs was a prominent man in 
town affairs. He was selectman, assessor, 
overseer of the poor, representative to the 
general court. In politics he was a Whig, later 
a Republican, always firm and unwavering in 
his public duty. He often served as modera- 
tor of town meetings. In 1810 he commenced 
attending the First Baptist Church in Newton, 
when Rev. Joseph Grafton was pastor, and was 
baptized and united with this church in De- 
cember, 1817. During that month he with 
twenty-two others, removed their church re- 
lation to Cambridgeport for the purpose of 
constituting a Baptist church in that place. He 
remained there under the ministry of Rev. 
Bela Jacobs for four years. In March, 1821, 
with others, he helped to constitute the First 
Baptist Church in Ro.xbury, uniting with the 
Boston Baptist Association. Here he was ap- 
pointed deacon, and remained with them seven 
years. In 1828, with three others, feeling de- 
sirous of having a church nearer home, he 
took measures to introduce a Baptist church 
in Brookline. He was one of the first deacons 
of the church thus formed, and continued in 
that office until his death, an honest and 
worthy church officer. His whole course of 
life was one of deep religious principle, firmly 
implanted within him, of doing good. One 
proof of his sincerity was the sacrifice made 
by him in riding six or more miles to attend 
church, and assisting to organize others that 
they might also receive the benefits of a church 

During the war of 1812, Mr. Griggs acted 
as ensign and commanded a company at Fort 
Independence, Boston Harbor, doing good 
service. Deacon Griggs was ever a valued 
friend and neighbor. He early acquired habits 
of industry, was earnest and honest, calm and 
deliberate in all matters of judgement, of a 
quiet and retiring disposition, unassuming in 

his deportment, never desiring to be con- 
spicuous. His disposition was always cheer- 
ful. In his later years his health was remark- 
ably good, and his memory did not fail him. 
He was financially successful, promptly meet- 
ing all his obligations. Although for fifty years 
he was troubled more or less with rheumatism, 
he never failed in his church attendance, and 
at the age of ninety-six drove his own horse 
regularly to church. He died September 20, 
1886. Deacon Thomas Griggs married Febru- 
ary 9, 1819, Harriet Fuller, who died August 
13, 1867, aged seventy years, daughter of 
Jonathan and Mary (Broad) Fuller, of Need- 
ham. She was the eldest of six children, and 
died first, the others dying in the order of their 
birth. Children of Deacon Thomas Griggs : 

1. Caroline, born January 27, 1820, died 
September 18, 1905, married January 6, 1841, 
David Sufiivan Coolidge { see Coolidge ) . 

2. William Jones Griggs, born June 6, 1821 ; 
died May 5, 190(3 ; married, January 14, 1864, 
Mary Eaton Gipson, of Boston ; children : i. 
Mary Ellen, born May 5, 1866, married Dr. 
Scott Dow ; ii. Sarah Louisa, born March 18, 
1868, married Charles H. Dyer; iii. Lucy 
Anna, born January 13, 1870, married Dr. 
Everett M. Bowker (see Bowker) ; iv. Walter 
Allan, born February 25, 1871. 

3. Alary Jane, born September 18. 1822; 
married, August 10, 1847, Hezekiah Shailer, 
of Haddam, Connecticut, whose birth occurred 
there. He was a graduate of Brown Univer- 
sity. He conducted a preparatory school for 
boys in Brookline, Massachusetts, for five 
years, after which he went to New York and 
formed a partnership with a Mr. Colby, a 
bookseller. Later the firm sold out and it be- 
came Sheldon, Lombard & Company, changing 
to Sheldon, Blackman & Company, and sub- 
sequently to Sheldon & Company, school book 
publishers, of New York. Mr. Shailer was 
connected with these firms until his death. July 
6, 1878. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Shailer: 
i. Emma Jane, born August 13, 1848, died in 
New York, May 11, 1864; ii. William Griggs, 
born August 24, 1850; married Mary Virginia 
Shailer, daughter of General Alexander Shail- 
er, of New York, and they have two children : 
Sumner Shailer, a physician of Newark, New 
Jersey, and Alarion Shailer. married a Mr. 
Barton, a lawyer of Brooklyn, New York; iii. 
Cora Louise, born August 3, 1862; married 
Charles H. Dow, of Brookline, and they have 
two children : Margaret and H. Shailer Dow. 

4. Ellen Griggs, born May 5, 1824; died 
March 27, 1904; married February 22, 1853, 



Charles Jewett Saxe, of Highgate, Vermont ; 
children: i. Charles Jewett Saxe, born Feb- 
ruary 21, 1855, died July 11, 1862; ii. William 
Arthur Saxe, born Alay 3, 1857 ; iii. Thomas 
Edward Saxe, born July 6, i860; iv. John 
Walter Saxe (twinj, born December 2, 1863 ; 
V. James Alfred Saxe (twin), born December 
2, 1863; vi. Mary Ellen Saxe, born Decem- 
ber 17, 1865; died May 11, 1903. 

5. Thomas Baldwin Griggs, born May i, 
1826; married (first) December 11, 1851, 
Ann Elizabeth Stearns ; children : i. Annie 
Beulah, born July 27, 1853 ; died October 
14, 1898; ii. Margaret Wood, born May 15, 
1855 : married Harry W. Waite, of Brook- 
line ; iii. Sarah Louise, born March 22, 1861, 
died August 31, 1867; iv. Thomas, born 
December 13, 1863; married ; v. Har- 
riet Fuller, born November 21, 1867. Thomas 
Baldwin Griggs married second, October, 
1892, Mrs. Susan \^ining Eldredge. 

6. Amanda, born May 26, 1828: died June 
10, 1881 ; married August 30, 1858, Hezekiah 
Smith Chase, of Boston, died March, 1892. 
Children: i. Hezekiah G. Chase, born June 11, 
1861 ; married Nina Dempsey of Boston ; he 
resides in Santa Barbara, California: ii. 
Marion Chase, born March 2, 1869 ; married, 
June, 1893, William Paulton, of Sioux Falls, 
North Dakota. 

7. Francis Henry Griggs, born November 
14, 1834; married October 8, 1861, Candace 
Watson ; children : i. Elizabeth Hasselman, 
born April 22, 1866, married Rev. Mr. Judy 
of Davenport, Iowa, where they reside ; ii. 
Thomas XA'atson, born February 14, 1875; 
resides in Davenport, Iowa. 

(For early generations see Thomas Colynge 1). 

(VIII) Jonathan, son of 
COOLIDGE John (3) Coolidge, was 

horn in Watertown, March 
ID, 1646-7. He married, December 3, 1679, 
Martha Rice, born January 14, 1662, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Mercy (King) Rice, of Sud- 
bury, granddaughter of Edmund, the immi- 
grant. She died December 25, 1695. His 
will, dated February 12, 1723-4, proved 
March 16, 1723-4, bequeathed to sons Jona- 
than and John, daughter Martha and grand- 
daughter Martha Spooner. Children: i. 
IMartha, born at Watertown, June 6, 1683 ; 
died unmarried, 1753. 2. Rebecca, born April 
20, 1685; married Peter Spooner. 3. Mary, 
born April 16, 1687. 4. Jonathan, born Janu- 
ary 19, 1688-9: married, August 15, 171 5, Ruth 
Holland. 5. John, born February 4. 1690-1 ; 

mentioned below. 6. Josiah, born August 11, 
1695 ; died 1699. 7. Joseph, baptized 1698 ; 
soldier in French War; died unmarried, 1724. 

(IX) John (3), son of Jonathan Coolidge, 
was born in Watertown, February 4, i6_)0-9i. 
He settled in Boston, where he married, April 
14, 1713, Hannah Ingram. Children, born in 
Boston: i. John, married in Boston, October 
12, 1736, Margaret Storer. 2. Benjamin. 3. 
Joseph, mentioned below. 4. Hannah, married 

Burt. 5. Martha, married — — — 

Pool. 6. Sarah, born March 30, 1727. 7. 
Mary, born March 6, 1728-29; died young. 8. 
William, born January 5, 1730-31 ; died young. 
9. Jonathan, born February 18, 1732-33; died 
young. 10. Mary, born November 13, 1734. 
II. Lydia, born November 27, 1753; died 
young. 12. Lydia, born October 3, 1737. 

(X) Joseph, son of John (3) Coolidge, was 
born February 10, 1718-19, and married, No- 
vember 18, 1746, Marguerite Olivier, born in 
Annapolis, Nova Scotia, November 8, 1726, 
daughter of Antoine Olivier, a French Hugue- 
not. Her father moved from Boston to Nova 
Scotia, but after a few years returned. Jo- 
seph Coolidge died September 14, 1771, and 
his widow, then of Lancaster, late of Boston, 
married, December 9, 1775, Captain Israel 
Jennison, of Worcester. She married (third) 
Dr. Joseph Wheeler, of Worcester, and she 
died December 25, 18 16, aged ninety years. 
Children, born in Boston: i. Joseph, 1747; 
mentioned below. 2. Margaret ; died young. 
3. John, married. May 20, 1772, Lydia Dawes, 
who died July 22, 1815 ; he died June 2, 1796; 
they have many descendants. 4. Benjamin, 
born 1752, merchant, of Boston; died in Wo- 
burn, 1819; married Mary Carter Brewster. 
5. Margaret, married Jacob Sweetser of Lan- 
caster. 6. Mary, married Zechariah Hicks, of 
Boston. 7. Anna. 8. William, born 1750; 
died September 17, 1752. 

(XI) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) 
Coolidge was born in 1747, in Boston. He 
was active in the Sons of Liberty, and took 
part in the famous Boston Tea Party. He 
signed a petition that was acted upon by the 
council in December, 1776, for the incorpora- 
tion of the Boston Independent Corps. Later 
his name appears on the list of those subscrib- 
ing to the regulations for the formation of this 
independent company to be raised in Boston. 
The officers of the company were commis- 
sioned December 7, 1776, Major General John 
Hancock being in command. Colonel Henry 
Jackson having the rank of lieutenant-colonel. 
When the company was called into service in 



the Rhode Island campaign, Coolidge was ser- 
geant ; the company was in the service from 
April 17, to May 5, 1777. Joseph Coolidge 
was an eminent merchant. He died October 
6, 1820, aged seventy- four years. He mar- 
ried (first) June, 1772, Elizabeth Boyer, by 
whom he had seven children; (second) April 

2, 1788, Catharine, sister of his first wife, and 
had one child. Children: i. Joseph, born 
March 15, 1773; mentioned below. 2. Daniel, 
died in London, 1801, aged twenty-eight years. 

3. Elizabeth, died young. 4. John, died 
young. 5. Ann, died young. 6. Charles, died 
September 14, 1821 ; married Mehitable Tem- 
pleman, of Georgetown, D. C. 7. George, died 
young. 8. Edward, died young. 

(XII) Joseph (3), son of Joseph (2) Cool- 
idge, was born in Boston, March 15, 1773; 
■died November 15, 1840. He married, Sep- 
tember 20, 1796, Elizabeth Bulfinch, born June 
29, 1777, daughter of Dr. Thomas Bulfinch Jr., 
and granddaughter of Adino Bulfinch, of Bos- 
ton. Her mother was a daughter of Charles 
Ward and Griselda (Eastwick) Apthorp. The 
maiden name of Charles \\\ Apthorp's mother 
was Susan Ward, of the family of Lord Ward, 
of Bexley, England. The maiden name of his 
wife's mother was Griselda Lloyd. Children, 
born in Boston: I. Elizabeth, 1797; died Jan- 
iiary 27, 1880; married Tasker H. Sweet, Esq., 
of Boston ; children : i. Elizabeth Little Sweet, 
married, March 31, 1846, Horace Binney Sar- 
gent ; children : Horace Binney Sargent, Lu- 
cius Manlius Sargent, Elizabeth Hazzard Sar- 
gent, married B. H. McCalla ; ii. Joseph Cool- 
idge Sweet, altered legally to Joseph Sweet 
Coolidge: married, November 7, 1851, Mary 
Louise Coolidge ; iii. William Bourne Sweet ; 
married Susan Heard Winthrop. 2. Joseph, 
mentioned below. 3. Thomas Bulfinch, grad- 
uated at Harvard, 1819: died ^lay 3, 1850: 
married Susan Elizabeth, daughter of Robert 
H. and Eliza Goldsborough. of Myrtle Grove, 
East Shore, Maryland ; no issue. 4. Susan A., 
died young young. 5. Susan Bulfinch, born 
March 6, 1812, died December 23, 1896: mar- 
ried, April 27, 1841, Joseph Lyman, of North- 
ampton ; no issue. 6. Anna, died young. 7. 
Anna S., born August 3, 1819, died July 13, 
1881 : married Colonel W. E. Prince. 

(XIII) Joseph (4), son of Joseph (3) 
Coolidge, was born in Boston, October 30, 
1798, died December 15, 1881. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools, and at Harvard 
College where he was graduated in 1817. He 
was one of the prominent citizens of Boston, 
and a prosperous shipping merchant, transact- 

ing business with foreign countries, principally 
with China. He accumulated a fortune 
through great industry, shrewdness and enter- 
prise. He married, May 27, 1825, Eleanora 
Wayles Randolph, born October 30, 1796, died 
April 30, 1896, daughter of Thomas Mann and 
Martha (Jefferson ) Randolph, and grand- 
daughter of President Thomas Jeft'erson of 
Monticello, X'irginia. Children: i. Ellen Ran- 
dolph, born March 30, 1826, died May 9, 1894; 
married, January 24. 1855, Edmund Hight. 2. 
Elizabeth Bulfinch, horn 1827, died June 9, a 
child. 3. Joseph Randolph, born December 
29, 1828; see forward. 4. Algeron Sidney 
(twin) born .\ugust 22, 1830; see forward. 5. 
Philip Sidney (twin), born August 22, 1830; 
died September 19, 1863. 6. Thomas Jeffer- 
son, born August 26, 1831 : mentioned below. 

(XIV) Joseph Randolph, eldest son of Jo- 
seph (4) Coolidge, was born in Boston, De- 
cember 29, 1828, and was taken abroad in his 
early youth and educated in schools in Swit- 
zerland and Germany, among others the Royal 
Saxon Militar}- Institute. After preparing in 
Paris for admission to the Ecole Polytech- 
nique, he returned to this country and entered 
the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard, 
where he studied for two years, being one of 
its first pupils. He began active work as a 
civil engineer, and was employed in the laying 
out of railroads in the south, among others the 
Baltimore & Ohio and Richmond & Danville 
roads. After three years of engineering he re- 
turned to Boston and entered the Harvard 
Law School, graduating therefrom in 1854. He 
practiced law in Boston for a number of years, 
at first in partnership with the late George O. 
Shattuck, then with the late Judge Scudder, 
and afterwards independently, retiring from 
active professional work in 1884. 

On the death of his father, Mr. Coolidge 
and his brothers presented to the L^nited States 
government the desk upon which their great- 
grandfather wrote the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. The presentation was made by 
Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, and the desk is 
now in the safekeeping of the State Depart- 
ment at Washington. The desk bears the fol- 
lowing inscription, which Jefferson himself 
wrote : "Thomas Jefferson gives this writing 
desk to Joseph Coolidge Jr. as a memorial of 
effection. It was made from a drawing of his 
own by Benjamin Randall, cabinetmaker of 
Philadelphia, with whom he lodged on his ar- 
rival in that city in May, 1776, and is the iden- 
tical one on which he wrote the Declaration of 
Independence. Politics as well as religion has 



its superstitions. These gaining strengtli with 
time, may one day give imaginary value to this 
relic for' its association with the birth of the 
Great Charter of our Independence." 

J. Randolph Coolidge married, December 
18, 1880, Julia Gardner, daughter of John 
Lowell Gardner, a leading East India mer- 
chant of Boston, and Catherine Elizabeth Pea- 
body, daughter of Joseph Peabody, of Salem, 
who was also very prominent in the East In- 
dia trade. Their children are: i. Joseph 
Randolph Coolidge Jr., born May 17, 1862; 
graduated from Harvard College, 1883 ; he is a 
practicing architect in Boston. He married, 
in 1886, Alary Hamilton, of Boston. 2. John 
Gardner Coolidge, born July 4, 1863: gradu- 
ated from Harvard College, 1884. He served 
as vice consul of the United States in Pre- 
toria during the Boer war: first secretary to 
United States Legation in Pekin, 1902-1907; 
first secretary to U. S. Embassy in Mexico, 
1907-1908; L'nited States Minister to Nica- 
ragua in 1908. 3. Archibald Cary Coolidge, 
born March 6, 1886; graduated from Har- 
vard College, 1887; received Ph.D. from 
Freiburg University in Baden. Appointed 
professor of history in Harvard L'niversity, 
1906, and gave the course of Harvard lectures 
at the Sorbonne in Paris in 1907. Published 
in 1908, "The United States as a World 
Power." 4. Harold Jefferson Coolidge, born 
January 22, 1870, graduated from Harvard 
College, 1892, and from Harvard Law School, 
1896. He is practicing law in Boston. He 
married, 1903, Edith Lawrence, daughter of 
Amory A. Lawrence, a Boston merchant. 5. 
Julian Lowell Coolidge, born September 28, 
1873: graduated from Harvard College, 1895; 
received degree of B. S. from Oxford, 1897, 
and Ph.D. from Bonn, 1904. Appointed as- 
sistant professor of mathematics at Harvard 
University, 1907. Married, 1901, Theresa 
Reynolds^ daughter of Dr. John P. Reynolds, 
of Boston. 

(XIV) Algernon Sidney, second son of Jo- 
seph Coolidge, was born in Boston, August 22. 
1830. He was educated abroad, and received 
the degree of M. D. from Harvard Aledical 
School in 1853. He afterwards studied medi- 
cine in Vienna, and served as a surgeon in the 
earlier days of the civil war. Subsequently 
he practiced medicine for many years in Bos- 
ton. He married. July 15, 1856, Mary Lowell, 
daughter of Francis Cabot Lowell, of Boston. 
His children are: i. Algernon Coolidge Jr., 
born January 24, i860 ; graduated from Har- 
vard College, 1881 ; Harvard Medical School, 

1886 ; afterwards studied medicine in Vienna. 
He is a practicing physician in Boston. He 
married, 1896, Amy Lothrop, daughter of 
Thornton K. Lothrop, of Boston. 2. Francis 
Lowell Coolidge, born November 20, 1861 ; 
graduated from Princeton. 1884. Is a cotton 
broker in Boston. Married, 1901, Alice 
Brackett White, daughter of Charles T. 
White, of Boston. 3. Sidney Coolidge, born 
Alarch 6, 1864: attended Harvard College. Is 
engaged in manufacturing business in Boston. 
.Married. 1890. Mary L. Colt, of St. Joseph, 
Missouri. 4. Ellen Wales Coolidge, born Jan- 
uary 24, 1866. 5. Mary Lowell Coolidge, 
born August 14, 1868 ; married, June 14, 1898, 
Frederick O. Barton, of Worcester. 

(XIV) Philip Sidney, twin brother of Al- 
gernon S. Coolidge above mentioned, was born 
August 22, 1830, and was educated in Europe. 
Was an assistant in the Harvard Astronomical 
Observatory, and received an honorary degree 
of A. M. from Harvard in 1857. Served as 
major in the Sixteenth United States Infan- 
try. Killed at battle of Chickamauga, Sep- 
tember 19, 1863. 

(XI\') Thomas Jeft'er.son. son of Joseph 
(4) Coolidge, was born in Boston, August 26, 
183 1. The early education of Mr. Coolidge 
was obtained in the schools of France and 
Germany. Returning to this country when 
about fifteen years old, he entered Harvard 
College, and was graduated in the class of 
1850. Soon afterward he entered partnership 
with Joseph Gardner under the firm name of 
Gardner & Coolidge in the East India trade, 
and the business returned large profits. In 
1858 he was chosen president of the Booth 
Manufacturing Company of Lowell, Massa- 
chusetts, then in financial straits, and within 
three years had rebuilt its cotton mills and 
placed the business upon a paying basis. 

After spending three years in France, he 
returned to this country, and from 1868 to 
1880 managed the Lawrence Manufacturing 
Company as its treasurer. For many years 
also he was treasurer of the Amoskeag Com- 
pany of Manchester. New Hampshire, the 
larg' manufacturing corporation in the 
countrv, having a capital of $4,000,000. own- 
ing a plant worth $8,000,000, operating sixteen 
mills manufacturing cotton and flannel goods 
and employing eight thousand men and 
women, controlling the water power of the 
Alerrimac river at Manchester. In 1880 Mr. 
Coolidge became interested in railroad invest- 
ments and demonstrated extraordinary ability 
in the management of great railroads. He was 



made president of the Atchison, Topeka & 
Santa Fe Railroad Company at a time when 
that corporation was in desperate straits. He 
saved the property, and when prosperity seem- 
ed at hand resigned his task to other hands 
and took the presidency of the Oregon Rail- 
way & Navigation Company, after spending a 
3'ear abroad. After this company had also 
been put into satisfactory condition, Air. Cool- 
idge resumed the presidency of the Amoskeag 
Manufacturing Company. He acquired large 
interests from time to time in other cotton 
mills, including the Emery Company, the 
Lawrence Manufacturing Company, and the 
Dwight Manufacturing Company, of Chico- 
pee, Massachusetts, being president of the lat- 
ter. He was president of the Boston & Lowell 
railroad before it was absorbed by the Boston 
& Maine railroad: was also a director of the 
Chicago, Burlington & Ouincy railroad and 
the Kansas, Fort Scott & Memphis and allied 
railroads. He invested also in various other 
railroads and industrial corporations of New 
England. He was for many years a director 
of the Merchants' National Bank and of the 
Old Colony Trust Company of Boston. He 
belonged to the University and Harvard Clubs 
of New York City. 

Air. Coolidge has always taken an active in- 
terest in the civil affairs of the country. He 
became a Republican in 1882. His public ser- 
vices include service in the Pan-American 
Congress, at which he brought in a minority 
report against the free coinage of silver, which 
was accepted. He was one of the original 
Park Commissioners of Boston when those 
officials served without salary. When White- 
law Reid resigned as minister of the United 
States to France, in i8c;2. President Harrison 
appointed Mr. Coolidge as his successor. The 
wisdom of the choice was at once recognized, 
and various favorable comments appeared in 
the press, not only of Massachusetts, but of 
the country at large. The Boston Journal 
voiced the popular sentiment when it said : 
"President Harrison has made an excellent 
selection in nominating Mr. Thomas Jefferson 
Coolidge to succeed Mr. Whitelaw Reid as 
minister to France. It is an appointment 
which reflects great honor upon the state 
which claims Mr. Coolidge as one of its dis- 
tinguished citizens. He possesses in a marked 
degree the intellectual and social qualities 
which are essential in an American minister 
in the most brilliant capital in Europe, and he 
has besides ample wealth for the discharge of 
those important social functions which the 

United States appears to have overlooked 
when it fixed the remuneration of its foreign 
representatives. There is a rare historic fit- 
ness in the appointment also, for it sends the 
great-grandson of Thomas Jefferson to the 
post which he himself occupied from 1784 to 
1789 with conspicuous credit to his native 

Air. Coolidge filled this responsible position 
acceptably until relieved by a change in the ad- 
ministration at Washington. As he had 
travelled extensively and spoke French fluent- 
ly, he represented the United States with all 
the polish of a gentleman of the old school. 
In the spring of 1897 his name was pressed 
upon President AIcKinley's attention by promi- 
nent members of the Republican party, as well 
fitted for a position in the cabinet. The exe- 
gencies of the situation, however, demanded 
the nomination for a citizen of another state. 
He was appointed in 1899 on the Joint High 
Commission for arbitration with Canada. 

Air. Coolidge was one of the overseers of 
Harvard College, to which he gave the Jeffer- 
son Physical Laboratory at a cost of $115,000. 
He also gave a stone library building to the 
town of Alanchester, Alassachusetts. Mways 
noted for his philanthropy, he was one of the 
largest contributors to the various charitable 
societies of Boston. 

He married, November. 1852. Hetty S. 
Appleton, daughter of William .-Xppleton, 
one of the greatest merchants of Boston 
in his day. Children: i. Thomas Jeffer- 
son Jr., mentioned below. 2. Alaria A., mar- 
ried Lucius Sargent. 3. Eleonora R., married 
Fred Sears Jr. 4. Sarah L., married Thomas 

( X\ I ) Thomas Jefferson Coolidge, son of 
Thomas Jefferson Coolidge, was educated at 
Harvard College, where he was graduated in 
the class of 1884. He is now chairman of the 
board of directors of the Old Colonv Trust 
Company of Boston. 

(For early generations see preceding sketches), 

(X) Obadiah (2), second 
COOLIDGE son of Obadiah (i) and 
Elizabeth (Rouse) Coolidge, 
was born August 27, 1694, at Watertown, 
Alassachusetts, and by occupation was a cord- 
wainer ; he removed in 1728 to Framingham, 
thence in 1732 to Alarlboro, and in 1740 to 
Westborough. He married, July 24, 1717, 
Rachel, daughter of Josiah and Rachel (Davis) 
Cioddard, niece of Hon. Edward Goddard, born 
in Watertown. April 13, 1699. Children: Jo- 



-siah; Hannah, born June 2, 1720, Lydia, born 
1725, married Jacob Bartlett, of Rutland; 
Obadiah; Rachel, born June 16, 173 1, in 1760 
married Seth Rice, and died in Northborough, 
January 5, 1766. 

(XI) Josiah, eldest son of Obadiah (2) 
and Rachel (Goddard) Coolidge, was born 
July 17, 1718, in Watertown, and died Decem- 
ber 25, 1780, in Lancaster, Massachusetts; 
May 12, 1747, he was living in Bolton, with 
his wife Mary and several children. His name 
is given in the list of revolutionary soldiers 
from Lancaster, Massachusetts. Children: 
Mary, married, March 25, 1762, in Bolton, 
Massachusetts, Amos Fuller ; Josiah Jr., mar- 
ried May 22, 1772, in Bolton, Molly Hough- 
ton; John, and Obadiah. 

(Xn) Captain John (4), from records and 
family papers appearing to be second son of 
Josiah and Mary Coolidge, was born 1756, 
probably in Bolton, Massachusetts, and died 
March 23, 1822, at Plymouth, Vermont. From 
the records it appears he served in the revolu- 
tion, in Captain Artemus Howe's company, on 
Lexington alarm, in 1775, in Captain Robert 
Longley's company, in the siege of Boston, 
and at Bunker Hill in 1775; in Captain An- 
drew Haskell's company, June 8 to December 
I, 1776; in Captain David Nourse's company 
in New Jersey, 1777; and in Captain David 
Moore's company in the Rhode Island expe- 
dition, 1780. His intentions of marriage are 
entered upon the Lancaster town records Au- 
gust 14, 1779. where, September 8, I779. 'le 
married Hannah, daughter of James and Han- 
nah (Lawrence) Priest (see Lawrence). In 
1781 he removed to Saltash, now Plymouth, 
Vermont, where he cleared land and took up 
a permanent residence. His children were 
Calvin, Luther, Oliver, Polly, who became 
Mrs. Sprague ; Katy, became Mrs. Sawyer. 

(XIII) Calvin, son of John (4) and Han- 
nah (Priest) Coolidge, was born March 27, 
1780, and died April 30, 1853 ; he married, De- 
cember 21, 1 814, Sarah Thompson, born April 
3, 1789, in Plymouth. Vermont, died Novem- 
ber 19, 1856, and they had a number of chil- 
dren, only two of whom lived to maturity, 
Calvin Galusha, and Sally Maria, born Janu- 
ary 19. 1822, died June 24, 1849. 

(XIV) Calvin Galusha, son of Calvin and 
Sarah (Thompson) Coolidge, was born Sep- 
tember 22, 1815, at Plymouth, Vermont, and 
died December 15, 1878; he was a farmer by 
occupation ; in 1859-60 served in the \'ermont 
legislature ; married Sarah A. Brewer, March 
3, 1845 ; she was born December 17, 1823. in 

Ludlow, Vermont, and died January 2, 1906. 
Their children : Colonel John C. ; and Julius 
C, born January 2, 1851, died March 14, 1870. 
(See Brewer). 

(XV) Colonel John C, son of Calvin G. 
and Sarah A. (Brewer) Coolidge, was born 
March 31, 1845, at Plymouth, "Vermont, and 
received his education in the public schools 
and at Black River Academy. He has held 
most of the offices of the gift of his native 
town, and has made himself a prominent place 
in its affairs. For a number of years he was 
engaged in mercantile business in Plymouth. 
In 1866 he was captain of Company K, Tenth 
Regiment Vermont Volunteers, raised for 
guard duty. In 1872 he was honored by be- 
ing elected to represent his town in the Ver- 
mont legislature, and was re-elected twice. 
William W. Stickney, governor of Vermont, 
appointed him on his staff for two years in 
1900. He married. May 6, 1868, Victoria 
Josephine Moor, daughter of Hiram D., born 
March 14, 1846, died March 14, 1885. They 
had two children: Calvin; and Abbie Grace, 
born April 15, 1875, died March 6, 1890. Col- 
onel Coolidge married (second) September 9, 
1 89 1, Carrie A. Brown, born Tanuary 22, 


(XVI) Calvin (2), son of Colonel John C. 
and Victoria J. (Moor) Coolidge, was born 
July 4, 1872, at Plymouth, Vermont. He re- 
ceived his early education in the public schools, 
in 1890 was graduated from Black River 
Academy, entered St. Johnsbury Academy, 
and then afterward attended Amherst Col- 
lege, .\mherst, Massachusetts, from which he 
was graduated in 1895 with the degree of A. 
B. : out of a class of eighty-five members he 
was one of three speakers chosen as orators 
for commencement, and also won distinction 
in historical studies. He represented Amherst 
in the intercollegiate contest open to Ameri- 
can colleges for the best essay on the subject, 
"Principles Fought for in the American Rev- 
olution," and at Christmas time, 1895, he re- 
ceived the gold medal, valued at one hundred 
and fifty dollars, with the inscription, "Octo- 
ber, 1875. April, 1889,' showing that Amherst 
had won over all other colleges. Mr. Coolidge 
is a member of the Phi Gamma Delta college 
fraternity. After his graduation he went to 
Northampton, and read law in the offices of 
Hammand & Field, and was admitted to the 
bar in July, 1897. He then opened an office, 
and by his diligence and strict attention to the 
interests of his clients has built up a large and 
lucrative practice. On the death, in 1903, of 



William H. Clapp, clerk of courts of Hamp- 
shire county, Mr. Coolidge was appointed to 
that position by the supreme court of the state, 
but declined to fill this office permanently, 
preferring to practice law at the bar. He was 
elected to the city council of Northampton in 
1899, the next two years was city solicitor, 
and in 1904 was chairman of the Republican 
city committee. He was elected to the legis- 
lature in 1906, and has been on the following 
committees : mercantile affairs, constitutional 
amendments, banks and banking, and ju- 
diciary. In 1907 he was re-elected. His ex- 
perience and training made him a valuable 
member and gave Northampton a prominent 
place in the general court. He was recognized 
in the house as a sound lawyer and an able de- 
bater. Mr. Coolidge has a very retentive 
memory, which he has taken care to retain, 
and has found this a valuable asset in his pro- 
fession and public life. He owns considerable 
real estate in the city of Northampton, and 
takes great interest in everything that tends 
to its improvement ; he is one of the vice-presi- 
dents of the Nonotuck Savings Bank, of which 
he is also counsel. December 9, 1909, he was 
elected mayor of Northampton, to take office 
January 3, 1910. He is a member of the 
\'ermont Association of Boston, and the [Mid- 
dlesex Club. }ilr. Coolidge married, October 
4, 1905, Grace A., daughter of Andrew I. and 
Lemira (Barrett) Goodhue, born at Burling- 
ton, \'ermont, and a graduate in 1902 of the 
University of Vermont, and they have two 
children: John, born September 7, 1906, and 
Calvin Jr., April 13, 1908. 

(The Lawrence Line). 

(H) Deacon Nathaniel, third son of 
John (q. V.) and Elizabeth Lawrence, 
was born October 15, 1639, at \Vatertown. 
Massachusetts, in later years lived in Groton, 
and at an advanced age removed to Charles- 
town Farms, where he died April 14, 1724. 
He was early chosen deacon, was representa- 
tive of Groton, and was often found on the 
records of that town, where he became a prom- 
inent citizen. He married, in Sudbury, March 
13, 1660-1, Sarah, daughter of John and Han- 
nah (Phillips) Morse, of Dedham, born Sep- 
tember 16, 1643, died at Groton, in 1684, and 

he married (second) Hannah or Anna , 

who died after 1701, as in that year she and 
her husband signed a deed. By his first wife 
he had nine children and by his second wife 
three, as follows: Nathaniel, born April 4. 
1661, at Sudbury; Sarah, 1662-3, <iied soon; 
Hannah, July 3, 1664, died young ; John, July 

29, 1667 ; Mary, March 3, 1669-70, died young ; 
Sarah, May 16, 1672 ; EUzabeth, July 6, 1674, 
died October 20, 1675 ; Elizabeth, married Ab- 
ner Harris; Deborah, March 24, 1683; Han- 
nah, April 26, 1687; Mary, October 16, 1690; 
Jonathan, June 14, 1696. 

(HI) Nathaniel (2), eldest son of Na- 
thaniel (I )and Sarah (Morse) Lawrence, 
was born April 4, 1661, at Sudbury, Massa- 
chusetts, lived at Woburn ; married Hannah 
Rutter ; children : Nathaniel ; Hannah, born 
April 26, 1687; Mary, October 16, 1690; Su- 
sanna, 1691 ; Jonathan, and Sarah. 

(IV) Jonathan, second son of Nathaniel 
(2) and Hannah (Rutter) Lawrence, was 
born June 14, 1696, lived in Charlestown, 
where in 1729 he was taxed, afterwards re- 
moved to Stoneham, and died about 1774. By 
his wife Joanna he had children: i. Hannah. 
2. Jonathan, born December 27, 1724. 3. Ju- 
dith, married (first) Jacob Richardson, (2) 
James Wyman and (3) Jonathan Smith. 4. 
Ebenezer, married \\'idow Sarah Bason. 

(V) Hannah, eldest daughter of Jonathan 
and Joanna Lawrence, was born February 25, 
1721-2, at Charlestown, and died March 29, 
1825, at Plymouth, Vermont. In 1750 she 
married James Priest, their marriage being 
published at Woburn, Massachusetts. Among 
their children was Hannah. 

(VI) Hannah, daughter of James and Han- 
nah (Lawrence) Priest, married September 8, 
1779, John Coolidge. (See Coolidge VI). 

(The Brewer Line). 

This name has been quite common in Mas- 
sachusetts since its first settlement, and those 
who bore it have done their share towards 
clearing the wilderness and bearing the hard- 
ships of pioneer life ; many of them removed 
to New Hampshire when the revolution was 
over, and there helped to settle new towns, 
thence some became citizens of Vermont and 
other states. Many of this name fought in the 
revolution, where they bore themselves credit- 
ably. In the old records this name is found 
spelled Breuer, Bruer, and in several other 

(I) It is not known when John Brewer, of 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, emigrated, but he 
was living in that town in 1642, where in that 
year his son John was born ; he removed to 
Sudbury before 1647, where his last three chil- 
dren were born. His first wife Ann bore him 
two children : John, born September 10, 1642, 
and Hannah, January 18. 1644-45. He mar- 
ried (second) October 23, 1647, Mary, daugh- 



ter of John Whitmore, of Lynn; children: 
Mary, born September 23, 1648; William, 
October 6, 1653 ; Sarah. March 27. 1658. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) and Ann 
Brewer, was born September 10, 1642, at 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, and died January 
I, 1690-91, at Sudbury. He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth 
(Moore) Rice, of Sudbury, born .August 4, 
1648; children: John, born 1669, lived at 
Weston; Elizabeth, 1671 : Hannah: James, 
1675, married (first) Elizabeth Grout, (sec- 
ond ) Abigail Smith, ( third ) widow Joanna 
Singletary; Sarah, January 14. 1678, married 
November 26, 1700, Caleb Bridges: Mary, 
1680, married March 29, 1704, Benjamin Ball; 
Abigail, April 5, 1682, married David Par- 
menter ; Martha, Alarch 5, 1685 ; and Jona- 

(III) Jonathan, third and youngest son of 
John (2) and Elizabeth CRice) Brewer, was 
"born June 21, 1689, and died in 1752. In 17 17 
he purchased sixty-two acres of common land 
in Framingham, Massachusetts, and there Iniilt 
a house. By his wife .Arabella, whom he mar- 
ried April 17. 1717, he had children: Samuel; 
Abner, bom July 10, 1718; Peter, April 17, 
1720, died 1794: married December 22, 1748, 
Elizabeth Pratt : Elizabeth, June 2, 1722, mar- 
ried May 20, 1745, David Pratt Jr.; Abigail, 
baptized March 29, 1724, married January 16, 
1755. Edmund Towne ; Jonathan, born Feb- 
ruary 3, 1725-26, married Frances Buckmin- 
ster; Moses, born March 26, 1728, married 
Elizabeth Davis; David, December 24, 1731 ; 
Martha, June 16, 1734; and Eliab, May 14, 


(R') Samuel, eldest son of Jonathan and 
.Arabella Brewer, was born November 4, 1716, 
and settled in Framingham, Massachusetts, 
from which place he removed in 1744 to Rut- 
land, where his children are recorded. He 
was adjutant general under General Thomas 
in 1775. was wounded at the battle of Bunker 
Hill. June 17, that year; was commissioned 
colonel of Twelfth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Tanuarv i, 1777, in General John Nixon's bri- 
gade: was at Stillwater in the fall of 1777: at 
-Albany, October 31, of that year ; and his name 
is found in General Patterson's brigade in July, 
1778. He was cashiered September 29, 1778. 
He married, March 10, 1740, Martha, daughter 
of John and Hannah (Rice) Bent, born March 
7, 1720: children: I. Jason, born September 
24, 1 741. 2. Martha, .August 9, 1743, married 
January 24, 1760, Thomas Temple Jr. 3. 
Lucy, born 1745. 4. Nathan, 1747. 5. John. 

6. Abigail, 1752. 7. Samuel, 1758. 8. Eliab, 
1760 (Paul in baptism). 

(V) Eliab, fifth son of Samuel and Mar- 
tha (Bent) Brewer, was born in 1760, at Rut- 
land, Massachusetts ; married Sally Rice, and 
among their children was Israel Putnam 

(\T) Israel Putnam, son of Eliab Brewer, 
married Sarah Brown (see Brown VTI). 
They lived in Ludlow and Plymouth, Ver- 
mont. They had eleven children, of whom the 
oldest was Sarah Almeda Brewer. About 
1855 they moved to Wisconsin with all their 
family except Sarah. 

(VTI) Sarah Almeda, daughter of Israel 
Putnam and Sarah ( Brown j Brewer, was 
born at Ludlow, \'ermont, December 17, 1823, 
and married Calvin G. Coolidge, March 3, 
1845. <See Coolidge XIV). 

(The Brown Line). 

There were many of this name who came to 
New England in the earliest colonial times, 
many of this name took part in colonial wars, 
also in the revolution, and the name of John 
Brown is found many times in the lists of 
passengers to come from England prior to 
1650. John Brown, who led the famous raid 
on" Harper's Ferry in the civil war, was a de- 
scendant of the family here described. 

(I) Tohn Brown, who lived in Ipswich, 
Ma-^sacinisetts, in 1641, is supposed to be the 
John Brown from Badstow, in Essex, Eng- 
land, who came to America in the ship "De- 
fence," from London, in 1635, aged twenty- 
seven. That he died prior to 1679 is shown 
by a deed which was dated January 6 that 
vear, in which John Brown, deceased, is de- 
scribed as having purchased, with his son 
John, a tract of land, of one Richard Hub- 
bard, which land is by this deed made over to 
Nathaniel, son of John Brown, deceased ; this 
deed was acknowledged by Richard Hubbard 
and Sarah his wife. January 3, 1680. By his 
wife Sarah he had children : Nathaniel ; Sarah ; 
John ; Simon ; .Adam ; James : Thomas, born 
julv 14, 1657, at Hampton: Benjamin: Jacob, 
i)orn 1653; Stephen, born at Hampton, 1659, 
killed by Indians, July 29, 1677, at Scarbor- 
ough: Elizabeth: and Mary. 

(II) Nathaniel, probably eldest son of John 
and Sarah Brown, lived at Ipswich, and in his 
will, dated October 10, 1716. proved June 17 
the following year, names his three eldest sons 
executors, namely: John, Nathaniel and 
Jacob, to the first-named giving "my right in 
"our pue in our new meeting-house in our pre- 



cinct," which right was one-half of said "pue;" 
also names his daughter, Elizabeth Hasy, de- 
ceased, and her sons William, Nathaniel and 
Joseph, and his daughters Alary Hubbard and 
Hannah Coggswell. By his first marriage he 
had a daughter born April 25, 1688, and he 
married, December 16, 1673, Judith Perkins, 
by whom he had children: John, Nathaniel, 
Jacob, James, Elizabeth, Mary and Hannah. 
Both Nathaniel Brown and his father, John 
Brown, are described as "yeomen." 

(HI) Jacob Brown, of Ipswich, gentleman, 
was probably the eldest son of Nathaniel and 
Judith (Perkins) Brown, died in Ipswich, 
where his will, dated March 25, 1762, proved 
April 24, 1769, makes his sons Simon and 
Adam sole executors, and entrusts to his son 
Adam the provision for his second wife, EHz- 
abeth, in confirmation of the agreement made 
at the time of their marriage. The amount of 
his inventory, which covered three large folio 
pages, is given as 1387 pounds 17 shillings 7 
pence, and includes real estate, notes and 
bonds, and personal estate, among the last- 
named being described "i Great Blue Coat, i 
Straight Bodyed Cinnamon Colored Coat, 
Pair Cinnamon Colored Breeches Silver 
Buckles, Books, Pewter, etc." He married 
(first) January 10, 1708, Sarah, daughter of 
John and Sarah Burnham, granddaughter of 
Deacon John and Mary Burnham, and ( sec- 
ond) Elizabeth -, named in his will. His 

children were : Jacob, John, Nathaniel, Adam, 
Simon and James, and perhaps he had daugh- 
ters also, though none mentioned in his will. 

(I\') Adam, son of Jacob Brown, was bap- 
tized at Ipswich, Massachusetts, April 15, 
1721, and there entered his intentions of mar- 
riage July 17, 1743, in Ipswich, to Esther 
Parkman, of Wenham. He made no inventory 
of his estate but his son Jacob was granted ad- 
ministration September 13, 1775, and made in- 
ventory November 6. 1775, in which Adam 
Brown, deceased, is described as "late of 
Moultonborough, in the county of Straiiford, 
of New Hampshire, yeoman," and part of his 
estate is described as lying in Ipswich, Alassa- 
chusetts. .'Kdam Brown had also a son Adam. 

(V) Adam (2), son of Adam (i) and Es- 
ther (Parkman) Brown, was born at Ipswich, 
where he entered his intentions of marriage, 
June 12, 1772, and married December 3, 1772, 
Priscilla, daughter of Deacon Tarrant and 
Priscilla ( Baker) Putnam, born August 22, 
1751, and at the time of her marriage living 
at Sutton. She died October 6, 1837, aged 
eighty-six years. They soon after removed to 

Moultonborough, New Hampshire, where his 
father was living, and he served in the revolu- 
tion. He was sergeant in Captain Sias's com- 
pany. Colonel David Oilman's regiment. New 
Hampshire, enlisted December 5, 1776, service 
three months eleven day : served as corporal in 
Captain Nathaniel Ambros's company. Colonel 
Welsh's New Hampshire regiment, said to 
have "marched from Mouhonborough and 
towns adjacent. September 30, 1777, joined 
the Continental army under General Gates at 
Saratoga, and after the surrender of General 
Burgoyne, marched with the guard as far as 
Northampton, in the state of Massachusetts 
Bay, and were there discharged," In the pay- 
roll his length of service is described as twen- 
ty-nine days. In 1780 and 1781 he paid taxes 
in I'lymouth, New Hampshire, and later re- 
moved to Plymouth, \'ermont, where in 1787 
he was elected the first town clerk. Children 
of Adam and Priscilla (Putnam) Brown: i. 
Priscilla, born in September, 1774; married, 
1790, Nathan Jones Jr., and settled at Jay, 
New York ; her grandson, Nathan H. Jones, 
of Poultney, Vermont, has in his possession 
several deeds recorded by Adam Brown when 
town clerk of Plymouth, bearing his official 
signature. 2. Lydia, married a Mr. Betts ; 
settled in New York state. 3. Israel Putnam. 
4. Elijah, married Sally Preston : settled in 
Keene. New York ; ten children, among them 
Hiram, whose daughter Mary .\nn married 
■W^illiam Thompson, one of John Brown's 
Harpers Ferry raiders, one of the seven whose 
remains have been removed to North Elbe to 
rest beside those of that hero. 

(\\) Israel Putnam, elder son of Adam 
(2) and Priscilla (Putnam) Brown, was born 
in 1781, at Plymouth, New Hampshire, and 
died November 9, 1867. He married Sally 
Briggs, and settled in Plymouth, Vermont. 
She died July 31, 1826, aged forty-two years. 
Among their children was Sarah. He is the 
ancestor of Senator Arthur Brown, of Utah, 
and of Dr. B. A. Brown, of Milwaukee, Wis- 
consin. His second wife was Sally Derby, 
who died December 22, 1866, aged eighty-six 

(VII) Sarah, daughter of Israel P. and 
Sallv (Briggs) Brown, was born at Plymouth, 
\'ermont. She married Israel Brewer. (See 
Brewer). Among the children of Israel and 
Sarah (Brown) Brewer was Sarah Almeda. 
who married Calvin Galusha Coolidge (see 



(For preceding generations see Tliomas Colynge 1). 

(VIII) Nathaniel, fifth 
COOLEDGE son of John and Mary 

Cooledge, was born about 
1635, at Watertown, Massachusetts, where he 
became a prominent citizen, and in 1677 was 
selectman. By occupation he was a tailor, and 
he also owned mills in Watertown. In 1661 
he purchased fishing rights in the Charles 
river, and two years later purchased of John 
Stone all his rights to the river and fishing 
wears in Watertown, which was one-half of 
same. October 15, 1657, he married Mary, 
daughter of Deacon Henry and Anne (Gold- 
stone) Bright, born April 23, 1639, at Water- 
town; children: Abigail, born and died 1658; 
Nathaniel; Samuel, born February 15, 1661- 
62; Henry, May 16, 1664; Henry, August 6, 
1665 ; Mary, June 16, 1666-67 ; Elizabeth, born 
and died in 1669; Thomas, born April 24, 
1670; Jonathan, about 1672; John, about 
1674; Joseph, Hepzibah, February 27, 1681 ; 
and Anna. 

(IX) Nathaniel (2), eldest son of Na- 
thaniel (i) and Mary (Bright) Cooledge, was 
born May 9, 1660, at Watertown, and settled 
in that part of the town now called Weston, 
where he died January 29, 1732-33. He was 
one of the earliest members of the church at 
Weston. He married. Jaiuiary 2, 1687-88, 
Lydia, daughter of Josiali and Lydia (Tread- 
well) Jones, born at Watertown, August 25, 
1668, died May 21, 1718; children: Samuel, 
born September 30. 1688: Lydia, baptized 
1690; Josiah ; Alary, born January 6, 1695; 
Abigail, baptized September 22, 1700; Thank- 

(X) Josiah, second son of Nathaniel (2) 
and Lydia (Jones) Cooledge, was born in 
1693, '" Weston, Massachusetts, where he was 
engaged in farming; he died January 16, 1788. 
He married (first) June 11, 1719, Deliver- 
ance, daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth 
(Whitney) Warren, born October 10, 1699, 
died February 25, 1764 (second), 1766, pub- 
lished June 20. Sarah (Walker) Muzzey, 
widow of Joseph Muzzey, of Sudbury. Chil- 
dren, all by first marriage : Nathaniel ; Paul, 
born May 8, 1727, died July i, 1731 ; Lydia, 
born September 20, 1731 ; Anna, August 13, 
1734; Delight, February i, 1736-37, died Oc- 
tober 7, 1753; Daniel, born October 23, 1741 ; 
and Josiah, July, 1744. 

(XI) Nathaniel (3), eldest son of Josiah 
and Delievance (Warren) Cooledge, was born 
October 20, 1724, at Weston, Massachusetts, 
where he resided; he married, Februarv i. 

1749-50, Sarah, daughter of Joshua and Parnel 
Parker, born at Sudbury, July 14, 1726; chil- 
dren: Susanna, born April 12, 1750, married 
Lot Jennison ; Paul ; Lucy, born August 5, 
1753; Silas, November 14, 1755; Anna, Oc- 
tober 5, 1757; Eunice, September 24, 1759; 
LTriah, February 16, 1762 ; Abigail ; Sarah ; and 

(XII) Paul, oldest son of Nathaniel (3) 
and Sarah (Parker) Cooledge, was born Oc- 
tober 20, 1 75 1, at Weston, Massachusetts, and 
married, April 19, 1784, Martha, daughter of 
Abraham and Mercy (Gale) Jones, born in 
1760, removing after his marriage to Hills- 
borough, New Hampshire, where is found re- 
corded the birth of three sons : Isaac, July 
30, 1785; Samuel, October 15, 1786; and 

( XIII) Daniel, third son of Paul and Mar- 
tha (Jones) Cooledge, was born March 10, 
1789, at Hillsborough, New Hampshire, and in 
1809 removed to Antrim, same state. He 
bought a farm there which he made his home 
and where he died, February 25, 1869, a re- 
spected member of the community, and leav- 
ing a family well known for their piety and 
good works. He married, September 20, 1808, 
Polly, daughter of Deacon Jacob and Mary 
( Barker) Spalding, of Hillsborough ; children: 
Mary, born 1809, married William S. Foster; 
Abigail, born 181 1; Charles, 1813; married 
Alary P. Covill, and died August 2, 1872; 
Clarissa, born 1816, married Benjamin Spald- 
ing, of Chelmsford, Massachusetts ; Daniel ; 
Sarah, born 1821, died unmarried, 1868; 
Isaac, died young; Franklin S., born 1826, 
married Anna Burrill, and removed to Lowell, 
Massachusetts; Jacob S., born 1829, married 
Mary ^^^ Raymond, and removed to Lowell ; 
and Martha J., born 1831, unmarried. 

(XIV) Daniel (2), second son of Daniel 
(i) and Polly (Spalding) Cooledge, was 
born in 1818, in Antrim, New Hampshire, 
and died August 29, 1869. After being edu- 
cated in the public schools of his birthplace, 
he removed to Lowell, Massachusetts, where 
with J. M. Bullens he formed the firm of 
Bullens & Cooledge, manufacturers of ma- 
chinery. In 1864 he moved to Chicopee Falls, 
Massachusetts, where he invented the single 
thread tight-stitch sewing machine. He was a 
Republican in politics, and a deacon in the 
Congregational church. He married, in Lowell, 
Massachusetts, Lucy W. Ray, of Lowell ; chil- 
dren : Charles, born in August, 1847; Henry 
M. : and Edward, born in May, 1857. 

( XV) Henry M.. second son of Daniel (2) 



and Lucy W. (Ray) Cooledge, was born July 
II, 1851, at Lowell, Massachusetts, and re- 
ceived his education there and in Chicopee 
Falls. In 1866 he became employed in the of- 
fice of the Hampden Mills, being promoted to 
the position of paymaster in 1869. In 1878, in 
company with Mr. John E. Chase, he formed 
the firm of Chase & Cooledge, dealers in man- 
ufacturers' supplies. They incorporated in 
1898 under the name of the Chase & Cooledge 
Co., and have become one of the leading com- 
panies in Massachusetts in the line of mill 
equipments and supplies. Mr. Cooledge holds 
the offices of president and treasurer of the 
company. He is a past chancellor in the Con- 
necticut \'alley Lodge Knights of Pythias, a 
charter member of the Bay State Club, and a 
member of a number of the other social or- 
ganizations of Holyoke. Mr. Cooledge mar- 
ried, April 30, 1879, Amanda S., daughter of 
Robert M. and Charlotte Wilson, of Holyoke, 
Massachusetts, where they now reside, with 
their two children, Lucv and Ruth. 

Edmund Rice was born in Berk- 
RICE hamstead, England, in 1594. He 

probably came to America early in 
1638. He settled in Sudbury, and was a pro- 
prietor and selectman there in 1639. The vil- 
lage plot of Sudbury, now Wayland, was laid 
out in the fall, and he was one of the first to 
build his house there. His house lot was on 
Old North street, near Mill Brook. He re- 
ceived his share in the river meadows divided 
September 4, 1639, April 20 and November 
18, 1640. He shared also in all the various 
divisions of uplands and common lands, re- 
ceiving altogether two hundred and forty- 
seven acres. He built a second house in the 
south part of the town between Timber Neck 
and the Glover farm, near the spring. He 
sold some land there to Thomas Axtell and 
Philemon Whale, both of whom built their 
houses there. He sold his home September i. 
1642, to John Moore, and September 13, 1642, 
took a six year lease of the Dunster farm on 
the east shore of Lake Cochituate. He bought 
land between that of Mary Axtell and Phile- 
mon Whale and his son, thus locating his 
homestead at Rice's Spring. Then he bought 
Whale's house and nine acres, forming the 
nucleus of the Rice homestead, which he sold 
finally to his son Edmund, and which was oc- 
cupied by Edmund and his descendants down 
to a recent date. He leased September 26, 
1647, for ten years, the Glover farm, which is 
within the present limits of Framingham. He 

bought April 8, 1657, the Jennison farm of 
two hundred acres, extending from the Dun- 
ster farm to the Weston line, and June 24, 
1659, he and his son bought the Dunster farm. 
Besides these grants and purchases, the gen- 
eral court gave him fifty acres at Rice's End, 
m 1652, and eighty acres near the Beaver Dam 
in 1659. He was a prominent citizen and an 
educated man, as legal documents in his hand 
writing still in existence, prove. On Septem- 
ber 4, 1639, he was on the first committee to 
apportion the meadows ; selectman 1639, 1644, 
and later at various times; deacon, after 1648; 
deputy to the general court 1654-56, and one 
of the petitioners for Marlborough, and re- 
ceived a house lot and moved there in 1660. 
He died May 3, 1663, aged sixty-nine, accord- 
ing to one record. He gave his age as sixty- 
two in 1656. He married (first) in England, 

Tamazine , who died June 13, 1654. 

He married (second) March i, 1655, Mercy 
(Heard) Brigham, widow of Thomas Brig- 
ham. Children, all by first wife: i. Henry, 
born 1616; married Elizabeth More. 2. Ed- 
ward, born 1618. 3. Thomas, mentioned be- 
low. 4. Matthew, married Martha Lamson. 
5. Samuel, married Elizabeth King. 6. Jo- 
seph, born 1637. 7. Lydia, married Hugh 
Drury. 8. Edmund. 9. Benjamin, born May 
31, 1640. 10, Ruth, married S. Wells. 11. 
Ann. 12. Mary. 

(II) Thomas, son of Edmund Rice, was 
probably born in England. He married Mary 

, and resided in Sudbury until 1664, 

when he moved to the adjacent town of 
Marlborough. Six of his children were born 
in Sudbury, the rest in Marlborough. He 
died November 16, ifiSi. His family was re- 
markable for the longevity of the children ; 
an interesting but not entirely reliable article 
on the family, appeared in the Boston Ga::ctte 
December 26, 1768. His will was dated 
November 11, 1681, and proved April 14, 
1682. He bequeathed to Thomas, Peter, 
Nathaniel and Ephraim. His widow made 
her will May 10, 1710; it was proved April 
II, 1715, and mentions sons Thomas Rice of 
Marlborough ; Peter, Nathaniel, Ephraim, 
Gershom, James, Jonas, Elisha ; daughters 
Mary White, Sarah Adams, Frances Allen. 
Grace Moore. Children: i. Grace, died at 
Sudbury, January 3, 1653-4. 2. Thomas, 
born June 30, 1654. 3. Mary, born Septem- 
ber 4, 1656 ; married Josiah White. 4, Peter, 
born October 24, 1658 : married Rebecca 
How, 5. Nathaniel, born January 3, 1660; 
married Sarah . 6. Sarah, born Jan- 



uary 15, 1662. 7. Ephraim, born April 15, 
1665 ; married Hannah Livermore. 8. Ger- 
shom, born ^lay 9, 1667; married Elizabeth 
Haynes. 9. James, born March 6, 1669 ; 
married Sarah Stone. 10. Frances, born 
February 3, 1670-71 ; married Benjamin Al- 
len. II. Jonas, born March 6, 1672-3; mar- 
ried Mary Stone. 12. Grace, born January 
I5> 1675; married Nathaniel Moore. 13. 
Elisha, born December 11, 1679; mentioned 

(HI) Elisha, son of Thomas Rice, was 
born December 11, 1679. He resided in Sud- 
bury, and married, February 10, 1707-8, Eliz- 
abeth Wheeler. He had a thirty acre grant 
of land in Worcester in 1718, and was a pro- 
prietor in 1719, and his fifth child was re- 
corded there. He returned to Sudbury, 
where he died intestate in 1761. His eldest 
son, Eliakim was administrator of his estate. 
Children: i. Eliakim, born February 27, 
1709: married Mehitable Livermore. 2. Eli- 
sha, born March 2. 171 1 : died young. 3. Eli- 
sha, born November 3, 1713. 4. Julia, born 
March 30, 1716. 5. Silas, born November 7, 
1719 ; married Copia Broughton. 6. Elijah, 
born March 5, 1722; mentioned below. 7. 
Zebulon, born January 5, 1725, died Decem- 
ber 26, 1799; married December 7, 1749, Su- 
sanna Allen. 

(IV) Elijah, son of Elisha Rice, was born 
March 5, 1722, and died at Holden, in 1818, 
in his ninety-seventh year. His will was dated 
April 8, 1799, and proved April 7, 1818. He 
resided at Shrewsbury, in that part now 
Boylston, and removed to Holden after the 
birth of his children. He married Huldah 
Keyes, born 1727, died at Holden, March 
1799, daughter of Ebenezer and Tamar 
(Wheelock) Keyes. Children, born at 
Shrewsbury: i. Elijah, born September 11, 
1749; married Relief Williams. 2. Lois, born 
September 19, 1751 ; married January 17, 
1770, Edward Goodnow. 3. Tryphena 
(twin) died young. 4. Joseph (twin) died 
young. 5. Ebenezer, born RIarch 12, 1756; 
married (first) Sarah Taintor ; and (second) 
Ruth Eveleth. 6. Zerviah, born August 6, 
1760; married Simon Stickney; (second) 
Thaddeus Colburn. 7. Lettice, married July 
18, 1782, Thomas Davis. 8. Huldah, married 
Asa Raymond. 

(V) Elijah (2), born September 11, 1749, 
son of Elijah (i) Rice, was a soldier in the 
revolution, a private in Captain James Davis' 
company of minute-men. Colonel Doolittle's 
regiment, on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 

1775. He married Relief Williams, of 
Princeton, Massachusetts, at Lancaster, 
January 27, 1772, and settled at Holden, Mas- 
sachusetts, whence he removed to Shrews- 
bury in January, 1799. He died at Shrews- 
bury. January 3, 1827, in his seventy-eighth 
year. His widow Relief died at Newton, 
Massachusetts, at the home of her daughter, 
Azubah Pratt. Children, born at Holden : 
I. Joseph, born January 19, 1773; married 
Mary E. Eldridge. 2. Tryphena, born April 
28, 1774; married, November 29, 1798, Rufus 
Holman, of Sterling, 3. Nahum, born Octo- 
ber 27, 1775 ; married Nancy Young, at Bos- 
ton, May 21, 1803; he died July 25, 1832. 4. 
Lucy, born July 25, 1777; married Stephen 
Woods. 5. David, born March 8, 1779; 
mentioned below. 6. Martin, born ^larch 8, 
1781 ; married, December 16, 1803, Lucy 
Wheeler, of Holden ; resided at Leicester, 
Massachusetts, and Stanbridge, Canada. 7. 
Azubah, born August 14, 1784; married Ru- 
fus Pratt, of Newton, in 1818; removed to 
Fitchburg, thence to Sudbury, where he died 
March 23, 1849. 8. Elijah, born December 5, 
1786: married Martha Goddard. 9. Alexan- 
der, born December 27, 1788; married Sarah 
Drury. 10. Olive, born October 6, 1790; 
married Billings Briggs. 11. Abner, born 
September 7, 1792; married Lucy Wheeler, 
of Kingston ; resided at Thomaston, Maine. 
12. Lois, resided in Boston. 

(VI) David, son of Elijah (2) Rice, was 
born in Holden, Alarch 8, 1779, and died in 
Baltimore. Maryland, December 13, 1830. 
He resided during his youth in Holden, then 
went to Shrewsbury, and finally to Boston, 
where he lived for many years on Hamilton 
street. Fort Hill. About 1817 he formed a 
co-partnership with David Henshaw, after- 
wards collector of the port of Boston, and a 
distinguished and prominent citizen, under 
the name of Rice & Henshaw, which con- 
tinued until 1826. David Rice built the first 
bridge between Boston and South Boston; 
an entire block of granite buildings on South 
Market street, Boston, and many important 
buildings and public works. In later years 
he resided on the corner of Broad and F 
streets. South Boston, and owned the top of 
Dorchester Heights, where the Battery stood 
during the siege of Boston. He married, 
April 26, 1806, Hannah Thompson Bangs, 
born June 13, 1790. Children, born in Bos- 
ton : I. Frances Ann, born March 22, 1808; 
married William F. Whitney, 2. Alvira W., 
born December 16, 1810, died July 3, 1813. 3. 


C^^i^O^j^^J^e^-t^^ ^^t^^2^ , 



David \\'.. born April 2, 1812, died unmar- 
ried, April, 185 1. 4. Edward Everett, born 
July 10, 1814 : mentioned below. 5. Henry 
A., born December 13, 1816; married Eliza 
M. Putnam. 6. Jane R., born May 31. 1819 : 
married Richard Pitts, of Boston, February 
2, 1841. 7. Harriet L., born October 13, 
1821 ; married, March 26, 1839, Charles L. 
Thayer, of Boston. 8. (jeorge \\'., born July 
14, 1828 ; married Adelaide Walker. 

(VH) Edward Everett, son of David 
nice, was born on Hamilton street, Fort Hill, 
Boston, July 10, 1814. He was educated at 
a private school in Bolton, and in Boston, 
Massachusetts. He was in the office of Hall 
J. Howe & Company, dry goods commission 
house, of Boston, afterwards in the firm of 
Tenney & Rice, ship chandlers, afterwards, 
the firm of McFarland & Rice, importers and 
dealers in indigo and dye stuffs. Later he 
established the firm of Edward E. Rice & 
Company, corner of Milk and Kilby streets. 
Boston, which was always prosperous. In 
the great fire of 1872 the firm lost its entire 
stock, but immediately resumed business on 
Central Wharf, Boston, later at 221 State 
street, then at 297 Franklin street, then at 
the corner of Batterymarch and Franklin 
streets, where Mr. Rice continued in business 
to the time of his death, and on the exact 
spot where he was born in 1814, only some 
sixty feet below the top of Fort Hill, which 
had been razed to its present level. He was 
a prominent merchant of Boston, and was 
widely known and highly respected. His suc- 
cess was due to his own sagacity and enter- 
prise. He was upright and honorable in all 
his dealings and of exemplary personal char- 
acter. In politics he was a Republican, and 
lie took a keen interest in public affairs, hav- 
ing decided convictions on the questions of 
the day, but he never sought public honors. 
He was an active member and liberal support- 
er of the Unitarian church. He gave freely, 
not only to the church and charitable organi- 
zations, but poor and unfortunate who came 
to him. He died April 8, 1888. 

He married ffirst) November 14, 1838, 
Priscilla Derby Goodridge, born 1819, died 
August 1861, daughter of Samuel Goodridge. 
He married (second) Elizabeth Heath 
(Weld) Bartlett. Children of first wife: i. 
Frances Priscilla, born September 18. 1839: 
married George Hatch Quincy, of Boston ; 
children : i. Priscilla Rice Quincy, married 
Richard D. Peters (deceased), and lives in 
Boston, having children, G. Quincy Peters 

and Richard Dudley Peters; ii. Elsie Robin- 
son Quincy, married Henry Gilman Nichols. 
2. Edward David, born November 19, 1844; 
mentioned below. Child of second wife: 3. 
Charles F. ( deceased ) married Lillie Wilder. 
(\TII) Edward David, son of Edward 
Everett Rice, was born November 19, 1844. 
He was educated at Chauncey Hall School, 
Boston, graduating in the class of 1862. In 
1865 he became a partner in the firm of Ed- 
ward E. Rice & Company, and has continued 
the business to the present time. He is one 
of the leading merchants in the dyestuffs and 
chemical trade of Boston. He owns and oc- 
cupies the historic property formerly owned 
by Sir Francis Bernard, the colonial gov- 
ernor of ^lassachusetts Bay colony, 1760-69, 
located near Jamaica Pond, with grounds five 
acres in extent. He is a member of the Coun- 
try Club, the Eastern Yacht Club and the 
Veteran Cadet Association. In religion he 
is a Unitarian, and in politics, a Republican. 
. He married, in Salem, Massachusetts, 
April 30, 1872, Eliza Grafton Brookhouse, 
born at Salem, September 2, 185 1, daughter 
of Robert Brookhouse 2d, and Anna Osborne 
(Sutton) Brookhouse. (See Brookhouse 
family). She was educated in Miss Ward's 
School, Salem. She is popular in social life 
in Jamaica Plain. Children: i. Lila Brook- 
house, born December 23. 1873 ; married, Oc- 
tober 4, 1904, Charles Miller Barker, a prom- 
inent lumber merchant of Boston. 2. Mabel 
Sutton, born March 23, 1876: resides with 
her parents. 3. Edward Everett, born No- 
vember 29, 1882; graduate of Harvard Col- 
lege, in the class of 1907; now with the firm 
of Catlin Company, cotton goods commis- 
sion merchants, of New York, Philadelphia, 
Chicago, and Boston; member of Battery A, 
Light Artillery, Massachusetts Volunteer 

(The Brookhouse Line). 

Brookhouse is an old English family. While 
not a numerous family, either in England or 
America, many of the men have been distin- 
guished in business and public life. 

(I) Robert Brookhouse, the ancestor, was 
born in England, about 1720. He settled in 
Salem, Massachusetts, and was a prominent 
mariner. He was active during the revolution, 
in the American service. He served in 1776 
in Captain Addison Richardson's company, of 
Salem, Colonel John Alansfield's regiment. In 
1777 he was commissioned by congress, lieu- 
tenant of the privateer schop'ner "Lively," of 



Salem, Captain John Simmons, and April 15, 
1778, he was commissioned captain of this ves- 
sel, which had a notable record in the navy. 
His son Nathaniel became captain of the same 

privateer in 1783. He married Sarah . 

He was an Episcopalian, and his children were 
baptized in the Episcopal church at Salem. 
In 1790 his widow Sarah had three sons over 
sixteen, and two daughters living with her, 
according to the census. Children: i. Na- 
thaniel, baptized October 9, 1757; mariner, 
and commanded the "Lively" in 1783, and the 
"Junius Brutus" in 1781 ; in 1790 he was the 
only male head of the family in Massachusetts, 
and had in his family three males over sixteen, 
four under sixteen, and two females ; chil- 
dren : i. Nathaniel, baptized October 29, 1780; 
ii. Mary, baptized October 29, 1780; iii. J. 
Mugford, baptized March, 1783; iv. Robert, 
baptized February 5, 1786 ; v. Daniel Webb, 
baptized July 13, 1788; vi. Benjamin Webb, 
baptized September 5, 1790; Benjamin Webb, 
baptized December 8, 1794. 2. Mary Mug- 
ford, baptized December 5, 1758. 3. John, 
baptized June 22, 1761 ; in the navy in the rev- 
olution, a boy on the "Tyrannicide," in 1776- 
78. 4. James, baptized January 22, 1764. 5. 
Mary, baptized September 7, 1766. 6. Lydia, 
baptized September 18, 1768. 7. Sarah, bap- 
tized November 25, 1770. 8. John ( ?) (ac- 
cording to the record, probably an error as 
John was in the revolution as mentioned above, 
baptized April 19, 1772. 9. Robert fpost- 
humous), born December 8, 1779. 

(H) Robert (2), son of Robert (i) Brook- 
house, was born in Salem, December 8, 1779, 
and died June 10, 1866. He was a prominent 
citizen of Salem and in 1822 was one of the 
charter members and directors of the famous 
old society called the Association for the De- 
tection of Tliieves and Robbers, organized in 
that year. He was a prominent ship owner, 
engaged at first in the South America trade 
and in the trade with Madagascar, and for a 
long period embracing most of his business 
life, in trade with Africa, dealing in palm oil, 
gum copal, ivory, etc. He was one of the 
first to establish the public charities in Salem, 
and gave to the town the house for the Old 
Ladies' Home, an association for the relief of 
aged and destitute women. He also gave the 
first building of the Seamen's Orphans' and 
Children's Friend Society, two institutions 
which are still doing good work. He lived in 
a brick house at the corner of Washington 
and Lynde streets, which he bought of John 
Derby, trustees in 1835. He married (first) 

Martha Farley, May 21, 1805. She died No- 
vember 10, 1817, and he married (second) 
May 10, 1818, Eliza Woodbridge Grafton, 
who died May 28, 1825. He married (third) 
March 6, 1826, Mary Follansbee, who died 

. Children of first wife: i. Robert, 

died young. 2. Martha, died s. p. 3. John, 
died s. p. Children of second wife : 4. Eliza- 
beth Grafton. 5. Robert, mentioned below. 
Child of third wife : 6. Alary Follansbee, died 
aged five months. 

(HI) Robert (3), son of Robert (2) Brook- 
house, was born in Salem, March 23, 1823, 
and was educated in the public schools. He 
was a ship owner and African merchant in 
Salem. He married, April 24, 1845, Anna 
Osborne Sutton, born in Peabody, June 15, 
1825, daughter of General William Sutton, of 
Danvers, a prominent citizen of high social 
standing and wealth. Children: i. Robert, 
born May 11, 1846. 2. William Sutton, born 
July 31, 1848; died January 2, 1878. 3. Eliza 
Grafton, born September 2, 185 1 ; married 
Edward David Rice (see Rice family). 4. 
Arthur, born July I, 1855; died December 
19, 1890. 5. Albert, . born September 10, 
i860; died April 6, 1897. 

(For early generations see Bernard Capen 1). 

(IV) Samuel Capen (2), son of 
CAPEN Samuel (i) and Susannah (Pay- 
son) Capen, was born in Dor- 
chester, Alarch I, 1686. He married, March 
28, 1722, Lydia, born May 13, 1700, died May 
30, 1726, daughter of Robert and Sarah 
(Lewis) Waterman, of Hingham. They re- 
sided in Dorchester, Massachusetts, and 
were the parents of two sons : i. Josiah, bap- 
tized November i, 1722. 2. Robert, men- 
tioned below. Perhaps other children. 

(V) Robert, son of Samuel (2) and Lydia 
(Waterman) Capen, was born in Dorchester, 
Alassachusetts, May 30, 1724. He lived on 
the Ponkapoag plantation lands in what af- 
terward became Stoughton and now is Can- 
ton. His home was near the meeting house, 
and in 1760 he was one of the "English abut- 
ters whose lands lay adoining Indian lands." 
He was a private in Captain Peter Talbot's 
company. Colonel Lemuel Robinson's regi- 
ment, which marched on the alarm, April 19, 
1775, and served five days; also private in 
Captain Simeon Leach's company, Benjamin 
Gill's regiment, which marched to fortify 
Dorchester Heights, March 4, 1776; service 
five days ; also private in Captain Leach's 
company of guards. Colonel Gill's regiment. 



and marched from Stoughton to Braintree, 
March 21, 1776, when British ships lay in 
Boston Harbor; service two days. Robert 
Capen was styled "gentleman'' in two com- 
missions received from George HI in 1763- 
68, which commissions are in possession of 
Mr. Edward N. Capen. He married, Novem- 
ber I, 1744, Jane Lyon, born 'Slay 2, 1721, 
daughter of Peter and Waitstill (Wyatt) Ly- 
on. Children, all born in Stoughton: i. 
Samuel, born about 1745, died December, 
1809 ; married, about 1767, Elizabeth With- 
ington. 2. Lydia, February 27, 1747. 3. Ro- 
bert, February 28, 1748, died February 9, 
1749. 4. Robert, August 11, 1750, died Au- 
gust, 1752. 5. Sarah, April 12, 1751, died 
May 7, 1755. 6. Robert, .\ugust 2, 1752. 7. 
Waitstill, September 25, 1733. 8. Bethiah, 
September 19, 1756. 9. Andrew, November 
22, 1757, mentioned below. 10. Hannah, 
1759, died 1811. 

(VI) Andrew, son of Robert and Jane 
(Lyon) Capen, was born in Stoughton, No- 
vember 22, 1757, died June i, 1846. He 
owned and lived on the farm purchased in 
1793 from the heirs of Captain Asahel Smith, 
and which half a century before had been 
purchased by Deacon Badlam from Roger 
Sherman, and the dwelling converted into a 
public house. During Andrew Capen's oc- 
cupancy the old tavern was finally closed, al- 
though the house remained standing until 
within the memory of persons now living. The 
property passed from Mr. Capen into pos- 
session of the town and now forms part of 
the town farm. Andrew Capen is remem- 
bered as having been very fond of music, and 
is mentioned as one of the "singers of tenor" 
in the "list of scholars at William Billings 
Sacred Music Singing School at Stoughton" 
in January, 1774, and in 1836 he was present 
at the fiftieth anniversary of the Stoughton 
Musical Society. Mr. Capen married, April 
16, 1789, Hannah Richards, born January i, 
1770, died November 23, 1843, daughter of 
Benjamin and Mary (Belcher) Richards, of 
Sharon, the marriage ceremony being per- 
formed by Rev. I\Ir. Curtis. Children: i. 
Robert, born October 12, 1790, died Novem- 
ber 6, 1853. 2. Jane, June 17, 1792, died De- 
cember II, 1794. 3. Hannah, July 16, 1794. 
died June 20, 1796. 4. .'\ndrew Jr., October 
I5j 1796, died June 26, 1863. 5. Benjamin. 
October i, 1798, died April 10, 1799. 6. Jane, 
March i, 1800, died January 23, 1875. 7- 
Benjamin, April 9. 1802. died June 15, 1823. 
8. Nahum, April i. 1804, mentioned below. 9. 

iv— 28 

John, May 14, 1806, died February 7, 1824. 
10. Mary, June 22, 1808, died ]\Iarch 24, 
1893. II. Hannah, ]\larch 19, 181 1, died 
April 24, 1842; married Sawyer Stone. 

(VH) Nahum, son of Andrew and Han- 
nah (Richards) Capen, was bom in Canton, 
Massachusetts, April i, 1804, died January 8, 
1886. He received a good, practical educa- 
tion, and during young manhood manifested 
an inclination of literary pursuits. In 1823, 
at the age of nineteen, he wrote "Plutarch's 
Lives" with such brief reflections upon each 
as the words and deeds of their eminent sub- 
jects suggested to him, and also in the same 
year wrote a series of articles in favor of 
free trade. In 1825 he became a partner in 
the book publishing firm of ]\Iarch, Capen & 
Lyon, Boston, and there found ample oppor- 
tunity for the indulgence of his tastes and the 
gratification of his literary ambition. He was 
one of the first publishers to propose the en- 
actment by congress of a copyright law, and 
presented his memorial to that body setting 
forth his own views on the subject. In addi- 
tion to this he wrote letters to Daniel Webster 
and Henry Clay upon the subject. He was 
in all respects a man of the times, and several 
important advances in the public service re- 
sulted from suggestions originally made by 
him. One of his letters was considered by 
congress of sufficient importance to be pub- 
lished by the senate, and it led to the estab- 
lishment of a permanent census bureau in 
Washington. The firm of March, Capen & 
Lyon engaged the most distinguished writers 
of that day to prepare works for them, among 
whom may be mentioned Bishop Potter, of 
Pennsylvania ; Professors Silliman and 01m- 
stead : Washington Irving; Judge Buel, of this 
country, and also the most eminent writers of 
the old world. Mr. Capen was selected by 
Hawthorne to read his first book which was 
published anonymously, and he was the only 
man who kept a meteorological journal for 
publication in Boston, 1825-26-27, showing 
all the changes of the barometer and ther- 
mometer. He was also deeply interested in 
the various systems of metaphysics, theology 
and the history of religious sects. In 1827 
Mr. Capen wrote a description of the solar 
microscope and its wonders. He lectured upon 
metaphysics, phrenology and other branches 
of education. 

During the visit of Spurzheim to this coun- 
try in 1832, he became much interested in Mr. 
Capen and finally chose him for his critic, con- 
fidential friend and adviser, although Mr. 



Capen was only twenty-eight years of age and 
Mr. Spurzheim was fifty-six. This relation 
continued until the death of Mr. Spurzheim, 
at which time there remained in the hands of 
Mr. Capen a number of thousands of dollars 
which was later turned over to his heirs in 
England. Mr. Capen also prepared an exten- 
sive biography of Mr. Spurzheim and edited 
his works on phrenology and insanity. In 1835- 
36 Mr. Capen visited' Europe, where he be- 
came acquainted with the most prominent and 
distinguished men of the old world, including 
Sir Charles Bell, Sir James Clark, Dr. Arnott, 
the Duke of Sussex, Professor Nichols, and 
was made a member of many scientific associa- 
tions. He was also personally acquainted with 
Andrew Jackson, Daniel Webster, John Ouin- 
cy Adams, John C. Calhoun, Alartin Van 
Buren, Longfellow, Bryant, Dickens, Audu- 
bon, and a large number of other leading men 
of the day. 

LIpon his return from England Mr. Capen 
brought with him documents on the subject of 
life insurance, and was the first to prepare a 
mutual company in Boston, and when the 
present New York Mutual Life Insurance 
Company was organized his suggestions were 
followed. In 1840 he wrote and published the 
"Republic of the United States", dedicated to 
James Buchanan. He edited the "Massachu- 
setts State Record" for the years 1847 to 
1851 inclusive, and the "Record of Inventive 
Genius of the Country" from 1790 to 1849. 
In 1861 he wrote a letter to Peter Cooper en- 
titled the "Indissoluble Nature of the Ameri- 
can Union" which was published in a pamphlet 
of thirty-six pages and extensively circulated. 
In addition to what has already been mention- 
ed, Mr. Capen edited a translation of the 
works of Dr. Gall, "Annals of Phrenology" 
and the "Writings of Hon. Levi Wood- 
bury, LL.D." At the time of his death 
he was engaged in the preparation of what 
perhaps was his best work, "History of 
Democracy". The first volume of nearly 
seven hundred pages was published in 
1875, following which extended chapters on 
political economy and subjects of practical im- 
portance, abundantly illustrated by noted men, 
were continuously published until the time of 
his death. In the prosecution of this work, 
Mr. Capen read and indexed the "Ecclesiasti- 
cal, Political and Civil History of the World", 
as well as the "Science of Government and 
Political Economy", and published an enor- 
mous mass of valuable material. 

On June 4, 1857, Mr. Capen was appointed 

by President Buchanan, postmaster of Boston, 
and held that office until 1861. He was the 
first postmaster in the country to introduce 
street letter boxes for the collection of letters, 
now a popular system throughout the country, 
and worked out the free delivery system for 
the post office department. During the year 
1827 there were conferred upon him all the 
degrees of the Masonic bodies, including the 
chapter, encampment and grand lodge. He 
delivered a number of Masonic addresses be- 
fore the Grand Lodge at different times, and 
was corresponding secretary of that body 
from 1833 to 1840. For a time in early life 
Mr. Capen studied medicine with his elder 
brother, Dr. Robert Capen, but abandoned 
that profession on account of ill health. In 
1840 Mr. Capen purchased the beautiful resi- 
dence of Rev. Dr. Thaddeus Mason Harris in 
the town of Dorchester, which he named 
Mount Ida. 

Mr. Capen married, October 14, 1830. Eliz- 
abeth Ann. born December 17, 1806, daughter 
of William and Sarah Moore (Rand) More. 
Mrs. Capen died July 7, 1897. They had four 
children: I. Nahum, born November 12, 1831, 
died April 10, 1834. 2. Elizabeth Sprague, 
born February 12, 1835, married, January 30, 
1865, Shelton Barry ; five children : Caroline 
Shelton, Elizabeth Capen, Shelton, married 
Alice Kimpton ; Martha Worthing, married 
Edward McKim Hagar ; Edmund Drinan, 
married Catharine Clapp Humphreys ; they 
have one child, Charles Humphreys Barry. 3. 
Edward Nahum, born June 24, 1838, formerly 
of the firm of Capen, Sprague & Company, 
now and since 1885 with the Standard Oil 
Company. 4. Mary Anna, born July 7, 1840; 
married. May 23, 1861, Alfred Churchill 
Thacher ; three children : George Churchill, 
Maria Howard, Elizabeth More. 

John Gilmore, progenitor of 
GILMORE the Wrentham and Franklin, 

Massachusetts, families, came 
from sturdy Scotch ancestors. He was born 
at Glasgow, Scotland, about 1660. It is sup- 
posed that his parents emigrated to the north 
of Ireland, where he was reared according to 
the strict Protestant ideas. Here he came to 
manhood, taking up the toil of the farmer's 
lot, and as was the custom of many of those 
sturdy settlers to learn some kind of trade. 
At exactly what parish he came from we have 
not been able to state, but his children were 
all born in Ulster county, province of Ulster, 
Ireland. About the year 1700, imbued with 



the spirit of religious freedom and to seek a 
home in the new land, he emigrated with his 
family to America, landing at Weymouth, 
Massachusetts. How long he remained there 
cannot exactly be determined. His sons, An- 
drew and James, settled at Raynham, Mas- 
sachusetts, and it is supposed their father and 
mother came there with them, as both died 
there. Their son Andrew settled at Bedford, 
New Hampshire, where he had numerous de- 
scendants. John Gilmore was a Presbyterian 
by faith, and brought his family up in the 
same faith, his son David being an itinerant 
preacher. He died at Raynham, July 24, 

1 74 1. He married Agness , doubtless 

of Scotch birth ; she died at Raynham, March 
8, 1752; they were buried side by side in the 
old burial ground at North Raynham. Chil- 
dren : Andrew, settled at Bedford, New 
Hampshire ; James, mentioned below ; David ; 
Agnes; Thankful; Nona. 

(H) James, son of John Gilmore, was born 
in Ulster county, north of Ireland, about 1697, 
died at North Raynham, Massachusetts, No- 
vember 19, 1773. He emigrated with his fath- 
er's family to America about 1700, settling 
for a time at Weymouth, Massachusetts. He 
removed to Raynham previous to 1730 or 
possibly later, his father and mother evidently 
having moved there also. He was a yoeman 
and cordwainer by trade. He is said to have 
had ten children, some of them dying in in- 
fancy. He left a noble posterity, many of 
whom are now settled in the nearby towns of 
Wrentham, Franklin and Raynham. Like his 
father, he was of the strict Presbyterian faith. 
His wife Thankful and he are buried at North 
Raynham, and their gravestones are in a good 
state of preservation. He married, Septem- 
ber 20, 1725, Thankful Tyrel, born 1705, died 
February 20, 1789, daughter of William Jr. 
and Abigail Tyrrel, of Abbington, Massachu- 
setts. (Thankful is mentioned in her father's 
will). Children: i. Andrew, named for his 
uncle, born 1727, died August 10, 1806. 2. 
Adam, born about 1734, baptized at Bridge- 
water, 1742. 3. Agnes, born about 1735, bap- 
tized at West Bridgewater, 1742. 4. Thank- 
ful, born 1738. 5. William, mentioned be- 
low. 6. Tyrrel, born March 24, 1744, died 
May, 1775; marched on Lexington alarm, 
April 19, 177s; married Hannah Book, of 
Foxboro ; children : i. Samuel, born Wren- 
tham, Massachusetts, August 11, 1765, died 
at Holden, Maine, February 27, 1845 ! he was 
a soldier in the revolution under Captain 
Hunt's company. Colonel Creatore, and later 

Colonel Jackson's regiment ; married, January 
10, 1788, Reumah Hathorn, of Taunton, born 
in Taunton, September 11, 1767, died at 
Holden, Maine, January 26, 1864; children: 
David, born September 8, 1789, died April 
12, 1868, and John Smith, born September 30, 
1812, died February 6, 1905 ; ii. William ; iii. 
Hannah, married Richard Fisher, of Frank- 
lin ; iv. Hachel, married Eben Crowning- 
shied, of Cumberland, Rhode Island. 

(Ill) William, son of James Gilmore, was 
born in 1740, died at Franklin, Massachu- 
setts, April 21, 1789. He and his wife are 
buried in the old West Wrentham cemetery. 
They came to Wrentham before 1766 and set- 
tled in the west part of the town, now called 
the "Mount," now Franklin. He was a yoe- 
man and cooper by trade. May 20, 1771, he 
owned land, a dwelling and tanyard, and was 
allowed i3 12 shillings for land taken to con- 
struct a road near his homestead and those 
of David Gilmore and Joseph Hills, having 
been voted by the town to lay out a road by 
request of Ebenezer Guild and others. His 
widow Mary resided at Medfield when his 
estate was inventoried, June 2, 1789, amount- 
ing to ^478 14 shillings 10 pence. It included 
sheep, geese, swine and herd, seventy-two 
and a-half acres of home farm, and seven and 
a-half acres of outland. June 20, 1804, $165 
of his estate "now under improvement of his 
widow" was paid by his son William to Nath.- 
an, another son. He was private in Captain 
Fairbank's company, which marched on the 
alarm of April 19, 1775 ; also same company. 
Major Metcalf's regiment, entered service 
December 8, 1777, to December 11, 1777; 
company marched from Wrentham to Provi- 
dence and Warwick, Rhode Island, on alarm 
of December 8, 1777; roll endorsed Colonel 
Wheelock's regiment. He married, at Reho- 
both, Massachusetts, January i, 1761, by 
Rev. Robert Rogerson, Mary Peirce, born at 
Rehoboth, February 23, 1743, died October 
18, 1824, daughter of Joseph and Mary (Wil- 
lard) Peirce, of Rehoboth. Children: i. Tyr- 
rel, born 1762. 2. Israel, born 1763, died 
May 26, 1789. 3. Rebecca, born January 16, 

1766, married McLane. 4. Peirce, 

born February 8, 1769, died October 4, 1775. 
5. William, mentioned below. 6. Otis, born 
January i, 1778, died June 9. 1778. 7. Na- 
than, born March 4, 1779, died July 16, 1855 ; 
married, October 5, 1797, Nancy Fisher. 8. 
Sanford. born January 10, 1782. 9. Ruhama. 
(IV) William (2), son of William (i) Gil- 
more, was born at Franklin (then Wren- 



tham), December ii, 1772, died at Franklin, 
February 12, 1841. He early kept a general 
store, being a bright, energetic business man. 
He had a fine education for his times. He 
was the first man in P>anklin to go to New 
York to buy goods. He later settled on a 
farm on King street, near Union street, 
Franklin, where he built his homestead and 
barn, these being next to the present home of 
Edward Dean. In his will he left his daugh- 
ters $500 apiece, his son Samuel receiving the 
homestead. He amassed considerable prop- 
erty, and had a large stock of cattle, sheep 
and horses, being a shrewd trader in these. 
He was a rank Whig and loyal to the cause 
of right. His will is dated September 26, 
1830. Samuel Gilmore, his son, was sole ex- 
ecutor. His wife, Molly (Hills) Gilmore, re- 
ceived one-third, and to his several children 
sums of money. The remainder of the estate 
was given to sons. Philander S. and Samuel. 
December 31, 1841, Philander S. Gilmore, 
for the sum of $1500, quitclaims all his fath- 
er's estate to Samuel his brother. William 
Gilmore married, October 10, 1798, Molly 
Hills, born November 20, 1776, at Wren- 
tham, died February 14, 1839, at Franklin, 
daughter of Captain Joseph and Mary 
(Ware) Hills. Captain Joseph Hills was born 
April 20, 1720, died June 10, 1815; he was 
sergeant in Captain Asa Fairbank's com- 
pany and marched to siege of Boston under 
Washington ; he was later captain. Children : 
I. William, born 1798, died December 3, 
1821. 2. Joseph Hills, born 1801, died April 
16, 1821. 3. Mary Ann, married, Ji-ine 24, 
1828, Horace B. Hall. 4. Philander Smith, 
mentioned below. 5. Abigail Charlotte, born 
October 24, 1812; married (first) August 2, 
1835, Leonard A. Arnold, of Cumberland ; 
(second) Henry Richards. 6. Samuel Tyrrel, 
born May 3, 1814, at Natick, died February 
22, 1886. 7. Albert, born October 26. 1817, 
died October 29, 181 7. 8. Olive Maria, born 
June 5, 1819, at Natick, married, April 4, 
1840, Elbridge Howe. 9. Adeline Jane, born 
June 30, 1820. 

(V) Philander Smith, son of William (2) 
Gilmore, was born at Franklin^ Massachusetts, 
died at Medway, Massachusetts, and was 
buried at Franklin. He worked on his father's 
farm, attending the district school then situ- 
ated on King street, going during the winter 
terms. He remained on the farm up to early 
manhood. He was a rugged man until his 
health became impaired by typhus fever. He 
owned the farm afterward known as the Al- 

bert Bacon place, later worked the farms ol 
Jason Tower, Alden Mann and Comfort 
Whipple on halves, then settled at South 
Franklin, where he leased a farm for a time, 
subsequently removing to Franklin Center, 
and conducted the H. M. Green boarding 
house, adjacent to Dean Academy, he and his 
wife managing the same for five years. He 
then removed to Lawrence, Massachusetts, 
and entered the employ of his son, Joseph H. 
F. Gilmore, in his bleachery, where he re- 
mained four years, subsequently removing to 
Medway, Massachusetts, after retiring from 
all active business, and there lived with his 
daughter. His death occurred there. He was 
a strictly temperate man, never having tasted 
liquor. He was a faithful member of the Uni- 
versalist church at Franklin. He was honest 
to a fault, and never known to take advantage 
in any of his dealings. He became an author- 
ity on the Scriptures, and was a well informed 
Universalist, being a charter member of that 
church. He served in the early militia. He 
married, October 27, 1831, Nancy Clark, born 
at Franklin, December 27, 1812, died at Chel- 
sea, daughter of Nathan and Nancy (Payson) 
Clark, of Franklin. Nathan Clark was a 
butcher by trade. Children: i. Nancy Maria, 
born at Franklin, May 14, 1832, died there 
May 31, 1851. 2. William Smith, born at 
Franklin, March 15, 1834, died at Methuen; 
married Lucy Wormel. 3. Joseph Hills, men- 
tioned below. 4. Martha Louisa, born at 
Franklin, April 23, 1840, died at Chelsea; 
married Abion Leslie Ruggles ; children: 
Arthur, Annie, William, Mabel, Gilbert, Lil- 
lian, Carrie, Dimond. 5. Theron Gilbert, born 
at Franklin, April 22, 1847, d'^d October 24, 
1852. 6. .\lbert Philander, born October, 
1850, died September 16, 1852. 

(VI) Joseph Hills, son of Philander Smith 
Gilmore, was born at Franklin, Massachusetts, 
.•\pril 10, 1836, on what was then known as the 
old Colonel Thurston farm, on the road to 
Unionville. He was educated in the district 
school up to the age of eighteen, working 
meanwhile on his father's farm. He then en- 
tered the straw shop of H. M. Green & Baker, 
where he became a hat presser, remaining up 
to .\pril I, 1861, when he removed to Law- 
rence, Massachusetts, entering the employ of 
James Gilmore in his hat and bonnet bleach- 
ery, and after three months purchased his em- 
ployer's interest and conducted the business 
about two years, selling out to his brother, 
William S. Gilmore; the business was located' 
on Essex street. He then removed to Bangor,. 



Maine, where for three years he conducted a 
bleachery, residing at Brewer, Maine. He 
later disposed of this business, and traveled 
through Aroostook county, buying and selling 
horses, swine and farm products ; most of his 
business, as far as selling was concerned, was 
in Bangor. Subsequently he returned to Law- 
rence, Massachusetts, and purchased a farm 
at Methuen, where he remained about four 
years. He then disposed of this and removed 
to Worcester, Massachusetts, where he took 
the agency of the Aetna sewing machines, in 
1876. He had a store at the lower end of 
Main street, residing at New Worcester. He 
later made a medicine for scrofula, also a 
German liniment, and with these traveled 
through the country, selling them extensively, 
meeting with marked success. At the end of 
five years residence at Worcester he removed 
to Natick, where he was proprietor of a drug 
store for six years. He then removed to Chi- 
cago, where he was engaged in renting rooms, 
and later had a coal office, and was also en- 
gaged in the fruit, confectionery, bakery, ice 
cream and other lines of business. He remain- 
ed in Chicago eighteen years. After his third 
marriage, in 1897, he removed to Swartwout, 
Mississippi, near the Alabama line, thirty 
miles from Mobile. Here he farmed and raised 
poultry, sugar cane, figs and oranges. In 1904 
he disposed of his property and came to 
Franklin, Massachusetts, the home of his 
birth. He purchased the old Elias Blake place, 
a part of the Harding farm, situated in the 
"Mount", about two miles from the Center. 
Mr. Gilmore is a successful poultry raiser, 
having erected the best improved poultry 
houses, carrying a large stock of mixed breeds 
from the eggs, for which he finds a market in 
Boston and Franklin. Since 1856 he has been 
affiliated with the First Universalist Church at 
Franklin, having been a charter member. 
Shortly after his last marriage he accepted 
Christian Science, Mrs. Gilmore being a de- 
voted member of that sect, both attending the 
branch of the Mother Church of Boston, now 
in Franklin. He is a Republican in politics. 
He is strongly opposed to liquor selling and 
gambling. He was formerly a member of the 
Knights of the Golden Cross and the Royal 

He married (first) at Brewer, Maine, No- 
vember 12, 1863, Emma Gilmore, born at 
Hoklen, Maine, July 5, 1841, died at Natick, 
Massachusetts, daughter of John Smith and 
Martha (Couch) Gilmore. John Smith Gil- 
more was the voungest son of Samuel and 

Rheumah (Hathorn) Gilmore, born Septem- 
ber 30, 1812, died February 6, 1905. Chil- 
dren: I. Charles Smith, born July 13, 1865, 
died at Chicago, November 4, 1906; married, 
July 15, 1886, Sarah Herrmann; children: i. 
Edwin Munroe, born April 18, 1887, died 
April 7, 1888; ii. Edwin Frances: iii. Charles 
Herrmann : iv. Joseph Smith, born July 27, 
1892; V. Pascal Munroe, born March 28, 
1895. 2. Edwin Munroe, mentioned below. 
3. Ada May. Mr. Gilmore married (second) 
Barbara Elizabeth Ralston, born 1843, died 
November 25, 1895. He married (third) 
April 16, 1897, at Chicago, Mrs. Alice Mayo 
(Stevens) Bowman, born September 11, 1853, 
widow of George Elmer Bowman, daughter of 
James and Harriet Boynton (Mayo) Stevens, 
of Bristol, England. James Stevens was a 

(VH) Edwin Munroe, son of Joseph Hills 
Gilmore, was born at Mariaville, Maine, Au- 
gust 24, 1867. He removed when an infant 
with his parents to Lawrence, Massachusetts, 
where they remained but a short time, remov- 
ing to Methuen, Massachusetts, subsequently 
removing to Medfield, Massachusetts, thence 
to Worcester, Massachusetts, where he be- 
gan his educational training in the public 
schools. At the age of nine his parents re- 
moved to Natick, where he attended public 
schools until seventeen years old. He later 
took a course in the commercial college of 
Bryant & Stratton, at Boston, and shortly af- 
terward entered the employ of the Davis cof- 
fee mills on Essex street, Boston, remaining 
four years. From the experience gained there 
he decided to enter into the same line of busi- 
ness, and hired quarters at 12 Blackstone 
street, dealing in coffee and tea. He now oc- 
cupies an entire floor in this block, doing his 
own grinding and packing. His trade ex- 
tends throughout the New England states. 
Mr. Gilmore resides at Natick, and has recent- 
ly erected a residence at Wellesley Hills for 
himself and family, which they will occupy 
shortly. He is a member of the First Baptist 
Church of Natick, as is also Mrs. Gilmore. 
He is a Republican in politics. He is fond 
of sports, being an enthusiastic fisherman and 
gunner, and each year spends some time hunt- 
ing in Maine. He is a member of Meridian 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, having 
joined in 1894; was exalted in Parker Chap- 
ter, Royal .Arch Masons, in Natick : was made 
a member of Natick Commandery, Knights 
Templar, April 14, 1902 : is a member of 
Aleppo Temple, Order of Mystic Shrine, at 



Boston ; he and his wife are members of Au- 
rora Chapter, No. 9, Order of the Eastern 
Star, at Natick. He married, December 24, 
1 89 1, Ehzabeth Rebecca Downs, born Decem- 
ber 23, 1 87 1, daughter of James and Re- 
becca Angus (Baxter) Downs. James Downs 
is a caterer. Children: i. Mildred Ada, born 
August 4, 1894. 2. Robert Downs, born June 
9, 1896. 

(The Cowell Line). 

The coat-of-arms of the Cowell family is 
a shield with deer standing. Motto: "Pax 
et amicitia". The name according to Lower 
(the authority) possibly came from the dis- 
trict of Cowal, Argyleshire, England, when 
surnames were derived from districts or 
county seats. 

(I) Captain Edward Cowell, emigrant an- 
cestor of the Cowells of \\Ventham, Massa- 
chusetts, was born about 1620 in England, 
died September 12, 1691. He, with his wife 
Margaret, were of Boston in 1645. He was a 
cordwainer by trade. He was also one of the 
Narragaiisett grantees, and a prominent man 
in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He was 
witness to the will of Thomas Williams, No- 
vember 5, 1646. He was a debtor to Robert 
Button's estate November 10, 1653. and to 
William Peacock's, March 29, 1661. He was 
captain of horse in King Phillip's war, and 
took part in the march and battle with ^lo- 
hegans and Pequots under General Winslow 
in the Xarragansett campaign at Quaboag 
(Brookfield). He was allowed three pounds 
six shillings for horse meat, the company hav- 
ing been reduced to such straits as to eat 
horse flesh. He was in the Sudbury fight, com- 
manding eighteen men, four of whom were 
killed and one wounded. When returning 
from Brookfield via Marlboro his band was 
rescued by Captain Prentice's dragoons. The 
account of the fight will be found in "His- 
torical and Genealogical Register", vol. xi. pp. 
400-403, and vol. xiv, p. 117. In his will he 
is named )-eoman, and gives to sons John and 
Joseph, and Mary at Hingham, and to Sarah 
his wife, his housing, out housing, lands in 
Boston, shop goods, etc. Will in "Copy of 
wills, Suffolk County court house at Boston", 
vol. viii, p. 74, dateci March i, 1682, probated 
March 24, 1691. The inventory of Captain 
Edward Cowell's property. May 11, 1696, in- 
cluded dwelling house, barns, stables, brew 
house and lands situated on west side of 
street leading to Roxbury, and dwelling house 
on east side. He married (first) ^Targaret 

; (second), June, 1668, Sarah Hobart, 

at Hingham; she died prior to May i, 1696. 
Children: i. Joseph, born about 1640, men- 
tioned below. 2. John, baptized June 26, 
1653 : was a blacksmith at Boston ; died De- 
cember, 1693. 3. Edward, baptized June 26, 
1653, died September 7, 1662. 4. Elizabeth, 
born August 17, 1653, died August 7, 1654. 
5. William, born June 28, 1655. 6. Mary, 
born January 2^, 1657. 

(For ancestry see Richard Lyman XI). 

(XHI) John (2), third child of 
LYMAN John (i") and Dorcas (Plumb) 
Lyman, was born in Northamp- 
ton, August I, 1660. died there November 8, 
1740. He lived at what was then known as 
the South Farms and had a public house near 
Smith's Ferry. He married, April 19, 1687, 
Mindwell Pomeroy, born February 24, 1666, 
widow of John Pomeroy, whom she married 
April 30, 1684, and daughter of Mary (Wood- 
ford) Sheldon, of Northampton. She died 
April 8, 1735. Children: i. Mindwell, born 
August 30. 1688. 2. Dorcas, 1690. 3. Ham, 
April 2, 1692. 4. John, October 12, 1693, see 
forward. 5. Esther, February 15, 1698. 6. 
Gideon, March 19, 1700. 7. Elizabeth, De- 
cember 8, 1702. 8. Phineas, May, 1706. 9. 
Eliza. May, 1710. 9. Gad, May, 1713. 

(XIV) John (3), son of John (2) and 
Mindwell (Pomeroy) Lyman, was born in 
Northampton, Massachusetts, October 12, 
1693, died November 9, 1797. He was of 
Hockanum, Massachusetts, and lived many 
years on the plains, so called, where all of his 
children were born. He was called Captain 
John Lyman, but the character of his military 
service is not known, although it is probable 
that he took part in some of the Indian wars 
which began soon after 1700, during Queen 
.Anne's reign and afterward. On the night 
of December 8-9, 1747. his house was destroy- 
ed and with it two of his children were burned 
to death. This misfortune is said to have been 
one of the reasons which impelled him to re- 
move to Hockanum, where he made large pur- 
chases of land and where he spent the remain- 
ing years of his life. Captain John Lyman 
married ( in 1718, .\bigail Mosely, of 
\\'estfield. ^Massachusetts, who died November 
9, 1750. He married (second) Theoda Shel- 
don, widow, whose family name was Hunt. 
Ca]itain Lyinan had nine children, all born in 
Northampton and of his first marriage: I. 
Zadoc, born 1719, see forward. 2. Mindwell, 
1721, died October 9, 1797: married Ebenezer 



Pomeroy. 3. John, October 7, 1723; married 
Hannah Strong. 4. Abigail, 1725 ; was burn- 
ed to death. 5. Dorcas, 1727; married (first) 
Noah Clapp ; (second) Josiah Moody. 6. 
Sarah, 1730: married Supply Clapp. 7. Han- 
nah, 1733. burned to death. 8. Eleanor, 1735; 
married (first) Stephen Pomeroy, (second) 
Oliver Morton. 9. Caleb, June 21, 1738; mar- 
ried, 1763, Mehitable Strong and removed to 
New York province. 

(XV) Zadoc, eldest son and child of John 
(3) and Abigail (Mosely) Lyman, was born 
in Northampton in 1719, died in Hockanum, 
October 14, 1754. He lived in Hockanum and 
kept public house there for the entertainment 
of travellers, besides carrying on a farm. He 
married Sarah Clark, who survived him and 
married for her second husband John Wright, 
of Xorthampton. She had three children by 
her second husband, and died in Williams- 
burg, Massachusetts, in 1795. Zadoc and 
Sarah (Clark) Lyman had four children, all 
born in Hockanum: i. Israel, February 7, 
1746, see forward. 2. Azariah. December, 
1747: married Jemima Kingsley. 3. Abigail, 
1751 : married Ephraim Wright, of Easthamp- 
ton. 4. Luke. 1753; married Susanna Hunt. 

(X\T) Israel, eldest son and child of Zadoc 
and Sarah (Clark) Lyman, was born in Hock- 
anum, February 7, 1746, died there June 8, 
1830. He married, January 4. 1770, Hannah 
Beals, born June 8. 1747. died December 27, 
1824; children, all born in Hockanum: i. 
Sarah, September 12. 1770, died September 
19. 1835 ; married Stephen Johnson. 2. 
Rachel, Alarch 10, 1772, died September 2j, 
1803: married Elijah Montague. 3. Zadoc 
Samuel, March 26, 1774: married Hannah 
Watson. 4. Israel, August 9, 1775, died Au- 
gust 10. 1775. 5. Israel, 'October 17, 1776; 
married Sally Moody. 6. Achsah, April 27, 
1778. died Xovember 21, 1819: married Ches- 
ter Clark. 7. Cynthia. April 8, 1780, died De- 
cember 2. 1839: married Aaron Graves Ly- 
man. 8. Amaziah. February 13. 1782: mar- 
ried Elizabeth Alford, of South Hadley. 9. 
Hannah, October 9, 1783: married Perez 
Smith, of South Hadley. 10. Elijah, X^ovem- 
ber 13, 1785. died June 30, 1786. 11. Elijah, 
May 23, 1787; married Hadassah Moody, of 
South Hadlev. 12. Eiios, January 2, 1790; 
married Lydia \^'adswnrth. 13. George, see 

(X\^II) George, youngest son and child of 
Israel and Hannah (Beals) Lyman, was born 
in Hockanum, Massachusetts, December 13, 
1792. died in Ellington, Connecticut, April 14, 

1866. He lived at Hockanum in IMassachu- 
setts and Granby and Ellington in Connecti- 
cut, and was a farmer, owning good lands irr 
the towns in which he lived. He married 
Laura Wadsworth, who died January 19, 
1782, having borne him seven children: i. 
Lorenzo W., born September 18, 1820, see 
forward. 2. John, April 17, 1822, died 
March i, 1859; was a farmer and lived in 
Amluirst, Massachusetts; married Julia A. 
Smith. 3. Laura S., Xovember 19, 1823, died 
June 25, 1825. 4. George J., September 13, 
1826; married Pamelia J. Taylor and lived 
in South Hadley. 5. Laura S., July 6, 1828, 
died in Xovember, 1838. 6. Warren Israel, 
October 19, 1830; lived in South Hadley and 
Hadley and was a carpenter and wagonniaker ; 
enlisted in 1 861 and remained in service until 
May, 1862, when he was discharged for 
wounds ; removed to Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, and became quite famous as an inven- 
tor : married, June 11, 1854, Emeline Eliza- 
beth Miller. 7. David, .August 7, 1835 ; a 
farmer ; married, April 27, 1859, Hattie J. 

(X\'Iir) Lorenzo W.. eldest son and child 
of George and Laura (Wadsworth) Lyman, 
was born September 18, 1820, probably in 
Hockanum, and died in South Hadley Falls, 
Massachusetts. During the early part of his 
life he worked on a farm and afterward for 
several years was a clerk in a store. He then 
returned to farming and made that his chief 
occupation. He was a Republican, but did 
not take an active interest in public affairs ; 
in religious preference he was a consistent 
member of the Congregational church. He 
married. October 30, 1844, Sarah, who died in 
July. 1858, daughter of Morris Williams. 
Children: i. Clara Sarina. born September 
19, 1845. f'ied .August 15, 1847. 2. Erskine 
Leroy, July 12, 1847. 3- George Morris, June 
6. 1849. 4- Ella Williams, July 6, 1851. 5. 
Laura Irena, December 16, 1853. 6. John, 
.April 7. 1856. 7. Edson Lorenzo, see for- 

(XIX) Edson Lorenzo, youngest son and 
child of Lorenzo \V. and Sarah (Williams) 
Lyman, was born in South Hadley, Massa- 
chusetts, .April 15. 1858. He attended school 
and worked on his father's farm until he was 
seventeen years old. He then made an agree- 
ment to pay his father the sum of one hun- 
dred dollars for his "time" and this sum he 
earned while working for his brother, who 
was engaged in the ice business. When this 
was accomplished and the money paid to his 

'2 1 64 


father, young Lyman began business on his 
own account and became a dealer in meats. 
In 1884 he opened a market in the city of 
Holyoke and then laid the foundation of his 
present extensive business. He is known 
throughout the community as a capable and 
straightforward business man and richly de- 
serves all of the success which has rewarded 
his efforts. He is a Republican in politics, 
an Odd Fellow, and attends service at the 
Congregational church. On January 19, 1882, 
Mr. Lyman married Margaret, born July 30, 
i860, daughter of Adam and Elizabeth (Wil- 
liamson) Ramage. i. Ralph W., born Oc- 
tober 22, 1882; now in business with his fath- 
er. 2. Edson R., September 11, 1884. 3. 
Ruth E., October 29, 1888. 4. John, Novem- 
ber 21, 1896. 

Warren ancestry — Norman. 

WARREN (I) Rollo Rolf or Rov, a 
Scandinavian rover, born A. 
D. 860, died 930, made himself independent 
of Harold of Norway, visited Scotland, Eng- 
land and Flanders in plundering expeditions, 
and about A. D. 912 established himself on 
the river Seine and laid the foundation of the 
duchy of Normandy, through grants obtained 
through rulers in France. He was the first 
Duke of Normandy ; and had a son 

(H) William, second Duke of Normandy, 
surnamed "Longsword", ruled from 927 to 
943 ; and he had a son 

(HI) Richard the Fearless, third Duke of 
Normandy, from 943 to 947: and he had a 

(IV) Richard the Good, fourth Duke of 
Normandy, 997 to 1027, had a son 

(V) Robert the Magnificent, fifth Duke of 
Normandy, died 1035; and he had a natural 

(\T) William the Conqueror, King, born 
Falaise, Normandy, 1027, died September 9, 
1087, whose mother Helena was daughter of 
Fulbert, a tanner of Falaise. October 14, 
1066, William declared himself king of Eng- 
land and ruled from 1066 to 1087. 1052 he 
married Matilda, of Flanders, daughter of 
Baldwin V. One of William's daughter was 

(VII) Gundreda. married William de 
Warren I, a kinsman of her father and who 
was in command at the battle of Hastings. 
As a reward of his valor he was made earl by 
William and granted a large estate in lands. 
He selected a site for his castle on an eminence 
near the village of Lewes, in Sussex. He 
erected a cluniac priory, or convent, in the 

town of Lewes, and he and his wife were 
buried in the priory, side by side, and in 1845, 
when laborers were excavating through the 
site for the purpose of building a railroad 
their remains were discovered, each enclosed 
in a leaden box, or coffin, and surrounded 
with rock pebbles of small size. On one 
of these boxes was the name William, and on 
the other the name Gundreda, both perfestly 
legible, although they had lain buried more 
than eight centuries, for the earl died 1088, 
and the princess 1045. They had a son 

(VIII) William de Warren, second Earl 
of Surry and Mortimer, in Normandy. He 
was born about 11 14, died 11 38, and after 
1 1 18 was Robert, Earl of Leicester. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth (Isabel), daughter of Hugh, 
Count of Vermandois, son of Henry I of 
France, a descendant of Henry the Great. (See 
XII Saxon line, where this line merges). 

Warren ancestry — Saxon. (I) Ealhmund 
of kent, King of England, had a son 

(II) Egbert, succeeded Brithric in the 
kingdom of Uessex, A. D., 800. He married 
Raedburk and died 836, leaving a son 

(III) Ethelnolf, reigned from 836 to the 
time of his death, 856; married Osburh, 
daughter of Osalf, his cup-bearer, and had a 

(IV) Alfred the Great, King of England, 
crowned March 23, 872. During his reign he 
formed and promulgated a code of laws, es- 
tablished a system of trial by jury, organized 
an army and navy, caused the kingdom to be 
surveyed and subdivided, adopted measures 
for the encouragement of learning, and thus 
brought about the culminating power and 
glory of Saxon England. In 869 he married 
Aleswitha of the royal house of Mercia, by 
whom he had three sons and three daugh- 
ters. King Alfred the Great was born 849 
and died October 24, 901. His second son 

(V) King Edward the Elder, became king 
of the West Saxons and died 924. He mar- 
ried three times, and by his first wife had a 

(VI) Princess Edguia, married Charles 
III. King of France, who died October 27, 

982, and had a son 

(VII) Louis D'Outremer (Louis IV), 
King of France, married Gerberger, daughter 
of Henry I, of Germany, and died September 
10. 954. leaving a daughter 

(VIII) Princess Gerberger, married Al- 
bert I, Count of Vermandois, born 943, died 

983, leaving a son 



(IX) Herbert HI, born 968, died 993, 
leaving a son 

(X) Herbert IV, Count of Vermandois 
and Valois, died 1080, leaving a daugliter 

(XI) Adela de Vermandois, married Hugh 
the Great, son of Henry I, of France, and 
Count of Vermandois and Valois. They had 
a daughter 

(XII) EHzabeth (Isabel), married Wil- 
liam de Warren, second Earl of Surry, and 
Warrenne and Mortimer in Normandy. He 
was born about 1040 and died 1130. They 
had a son 

(XIII) Reganal de Warrenne, married 
Adela, daughter of Ro'ger de Mowbray. They 
had a son 

(XIV) William de Warren, married Isa- 
bel, daughter of Sir William de Hayden, and 
had a son 

(XV) Sir John de Warren, who married 
Alice, daughter of Roger de Townshend, and 
Iiad a son 

(XVI) John de Warrenne, married Joan, 
■daughter of Sir Hugh de Post, and had a son 

(XVII) Sir Edward de Warrenne, married 
Maud, daughter of Richard de Skeyton, and 
had a son 

(XVIII) Sir Edward de Warren, married 
Cicely, daughter of Sir Nicholas de Eaton, 
and had a son 

(XIX) Sir John de Warren, married Ag- 
nes, daughter of Sir Richard Wynnington, 
and had a son 

(XX) Sir Laurence de Warren, married 
^largery, daughter of Hugh Bulkley Esquire, 
and had a son 

(XXI) John de Warren, married Isabel, 
daughter of Sir John Stanley, and had a son 

(XXII) Sir Lawrence de Warren, married 
Isabel, daughter of Sir Robert Leigh, in 1458, 
and had a son 

(XXIII) William de Warren, by wife Anne 
had a son 

(XXIV) John de Warren, by wife Eliza- 
beth had a son 

(XXV) John \\'arren of Headbury, Devon- 
shire, England, who had a son 

(XXVI) Christopher Warren, who had a 

(XXVII) William Warren, married Anne 
Mable, and had a son 

(XX VIII) Christopher Warren, married 
Alice Webb, and had 

(XXIX) John Warren, married in Eng- 
land, Margaret, and came to New England in 
1630, in the same fleet with Sir Richard Sal- 
tonstall, and settled at Watertown, Massachu- 

setts, where he died in December, 1667. He 
was made freeman, 1631, was a selectman from 
1636 to 1640, and also was commissioner for 
laying out roads in the town. He owned a 
houselot of twelve acres, and possessed other 
lands to the e.xtent of one hundred and seven- 
ty-six acres. In October, 1651, John Warren 
was fined twenty shillings for not complying 
with the law relating to baptism, and in 1661 
the houses of "Old Warren" and "Goodman 
Hammond" were ordered to be searched for 
Quakers. John and IMargaret Warren had 
four children: i. John, born 1622. 2. Mary, 
born in England, 1625: married, October 31, 
1642, John Bigelow. 3. Daniel, born Eng- 
land, 1628. 4. Elizabeth, born England, 
1630; married, about 1654, James Knapp. 

(XXX) John Warren, son of John and 
Margaret Warren, was born in England in 
1622, came to New England with his father 
in 1630, and married, Jul)' 11, 1667, Michal, 
daughter of Robert Jennison and widow of 
Richard Bloise. They had seven children: i. 
Margaret, born I\Iay 6, 1668. 2. Sarah, Janu- 
ary 25, 1671, died young. 3. Eliza, July 18, 
1673 ; married, October 18, 1705, Daniel Har- 
rington. 4. j\Iary, May 25, 1675 ; married, De- 
cember 30, 1690, Joseph Pierce. 5. John, 
May 21, 1678. 6. Grace, March 12, 1680. 7. 
Samuel, January 23, 1683; was called captain, 
and died 1703. 

(XXXI) John Warren, son of John and 
JMichal (Jennison-Bloise) Warren, was born 
May 21, 1678; married (first) Abigail Hast- 
ings, died July 19, 1710; married (second) 
May 14, 171 1, Lydia, daughter of Nathaniel 
Fisk. John Warren had five children by his 
first and four by his second wife: i. John, 
April 3, 1701. 2. Sarah, September 20, 1702. 
3. Samuel, March 18, 1704. 4. Thomas, De- 
cember II, 1706. 5. David, June 22, 1708. 
6. Benjamin, April 4, 1715. 7. David, Janu- 
ary 8, 1717. 8. Abigail, October 28, 1719. 9. 
Lucy, October 26, 1721; married, June 21, 
1744, James Leland, of Grafton, son of 
James and Hannah f Earned) Leland, and 
brother of Phineas Leland, who married for 
his second wife Sarah, daughter of Samuel 
Warren, half-brother of Lucy Warren. 

(XXXII) Samuel Warren, son of John 
and Abigail (Hastings) ^^^arren, was born 
March 18, 1704, died January 26, 1776. In 
1730 he removed from Weston to Grafton, 
and died in the latter town. He married, Au- 
gust 26, 1728, Tabitha Stone, born 1702, died 
Grafton, April 21, 1765, and by her had ten 
children: i. Samuel, April 20, 1730. 2. 



Sarah, December 24, 1731, the first child bap- 
tized in Grafton. 3. Rebecca, April 16, 1733. 
4. Abigail, April 29, 1735. 5. John, August 
8, 1736. 6. Tabitha, August 6, 1739. 7. Wil- 
liam, May 29, 1740; settled in Conway. 8. 
David, March 24, 1742. 9. Joseph, April 22, 
1745. 10. IMartha. May 31, 1749. 

The \\'arrens of Ireland are an important 
branch of the English family of that surname 
whose ancestry is traced in preceding pages, 
but on account of imperfect records in the 
offshoot branch the connection between them 
cannot be made with present available data. 

(I) John Warren, immigrant ancestor of 
the particular family here treated, was of 
Irish birth and parentage and came to Amer- 
ica when he was a young man. He lived in 
Holyoke, Massachusetts, and was engaged in 
merchantile pursuits in that -city until the time 
of his death, in 1882. He married Julia 
Healey, and by her had nine children : John, 
James, Edward (died young), ]\Iary, Rose, 
Edward D., and three others who died in in- 

(II) Dr. Edward Dane Warren, son of 
John and Julia ( Healey I Warren, was born 
in Holyoke, May 13, 1881, and received his 
earlier literary education in the public, gram- 
mer and high schools of that city. His pro- 
fessional education was acquired in the Bal- 
timore Medical College, where he completed 
the course and graduated with the degree of 
M. D., in 1902. After that he took a thor- 
ough practical course of eighteen months dur- 
ation in the ^Maryland General Hospital, and 
with a splendid e(|uipment for professional 
life he returned to Holyoke and began a geti- 
eral practice in medicine and surgery which 
has been gratifyingly successful. In connec- 
tion with his professional employments Dr. 
Warren is a member of the staff of the House 
of Providence, Holyoke, and of the Holyoke 
Cit)' Hospital, and also is surgical electro- 
therapeutist to the latter institution. For two 
years he was city physician of Holyoke. He 
is a member of the college societies, Nu Ep- 
silon and Psi Chi, the Springfield Medical So- 
ciety, Holyoke Medical Society, the Ancient 
Order of Hibernians, the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, and in politics is a 

James Davis, immigrant ancestor, 
DA^'IS was born in England about 1583- 

88, and was among the early set- 
tlers of Haverhill, Massachusetts, whence 
about 1640 he removed to Haverhill, where he 
was one of the first board of selectmen in 

1646. He was probably a brother of Thomas 
Davis, lawyer, born about 1602, who came 
from Marlborough, England, in the ship 
"James", April, 1635, and settled in Newbury; 
was admitted a freeman June 2, 1641 ; re- 
moved to Haverhill where he was a proprietor 
and town officer ; his wife Christian died April 
7, 1668, and he died July 27, 1683, having no 
descendants of the male line, as far as we 
know. James Davis was excused from train- 
ing by the county court at Hampton (New 
Hampshire) in 1650, on account of his age. 
His sons James Jr. and John were also pro- 
prietors of Haverhill. His wife Cicely died 
there May 28, 1673, and he died, aged about 
ninety-six years, we are informed, Janu- 
uary 29, 1676. His will was dated March 
17- •'''75- with codicil of July 22, 1675, 
and proved 1680, naming sons John, 
Ephraim, Samuel and James ; davighter Sarah 
Page; grandchildren, James, son of John; 
Stephen and Ephraim Davis, sons of Eph- 
raim ; James Guild or Gile, son of Samuel. 
Children: i. James Jr., the eldest, married, 
December i, 1648, Elizabeth Eaton. 2. John, 
born about 1623, married, December, 1646, 
Jane Peaslee. 3. Judith, married. September 
I, 1647, Samuel Gile (Guild). 4. Ephraim, 
died September 25. 1679 ; married, December 
31, 1659, Mary Johnson, who married again 
November i. 1682, Edward Clarke. 5. Sam- 
uel, mentioned below. 6. Sarah, married, 
June 18, 1683, John Page. 

( II) .Samuel, son of James Davis, was born 
about 1640. He married, December 17 (Hav- 
erhill record) or December 19 (Salisbury rec- 
ord 1, 1663, Deborah Barnes. He was in Hav- 
erhill as early as 1672 ; took the oath of al- 
legiance and fidelity at .\mesbury, December, 
1677. He died September 10. 1696, at Haver- 
hill. His will dated at Amesbury, September 

7, 1696, was proved September. 29, following. 
His widow Deborah died January 14, 1718-19, 
at Haverhill. Children: 1. Samuel, born Jan- 
uary 26, 1666-67, received land in Amesbury 
by will of his father. 2. Deborah, born about 
1668, died September 25, 1669. 3. Rachel, 
born August 3, 1670. 4. Joseph, born May 3, 
1673, mentioned below. 5. William, born 
February 20. 1674-75, married, December 31, 
1700, Mary Kelly: inherited land from father 
at Haverhill. 6. Rebecca, married, January 5, 
1696-97, .A.biel Kelly. 7. Ephraim, born No- 
vember 8, 1679, inherited land at Haverhill. 

8. Sarah, born November 8, 1679 (twin). 9. 
Amos, born June 15, 1683. died April 25, 1686. 
10. Mary, born May 16, 1685. 

(III) Joseph, son of Samuel Davis, was 



born in Haverhill. May 3. 1673, married. June 
14. 1698. Jemima Eastman. He inherited land 
in Amesbury under his father's will, 1696. 
He was a cooper, living in West Amesbury, 
Massachusetts ; was a member of the "snow- 
shoe" military company in 1708. He was bap- 
tized and renewed his convenant with the 
church. July 24, 1726. and joined in full com- 
munion, July 12, 1730. He or his son Joseph 
sold land" in' Kingston in 1738 and 1743. His 
wife Jemima died April 15, 1748. His will 
was made March 2. 1744. and proved April 
14. 1755. Children, born at Amesbury: i. 
Xathaniel, born September 12, 1699. 2. Jo- 
seph. February 2t,. 1701-02. mentioned below. 
3. Jemima, January 25. 1705-06. married, 
April 12. 1726, Abner Whittier. 4. Rebecca, 
Mav 20. 1708. married, January 17. 1732-33, 
Thomas Fowler Jr. 5. Elizabeth, September 
26, 171 1, married (first) May 21. 1734. Elijah 
Colby, (second) November 26, 1746, Abra- 
ham Chase, of Plaistow. 6. Samuel, April 27, 

(R') Joseph (2), son of Joseph ( i) Davis, 
was born in Amesbury, February 2^. 1701-02. 
He lived at Amesbury until 1749 and then per- 
haps at Methuen, ^lassachusetts. and Kings- 
ton. New Hampshire. He married. January 
28, 1724-25, Sarah Colby, who was received 
in the Second Amesbury Church, May 12. 
1728. He was baptized, an adult. August 20. 
1727. He or his father, probably both, owned 
land in Kingston. Joseph Jr., of Amesbury, 
bought land in ^Methuen in 1737. He gave 
land in Methuen, then of New Hampshire, 
in 1743. to his son-in-law, Joshua Bagley, and 
wife Sarah. He sold land in Methuen in 
1745 to Robert Davis, of Haverhill. His fath- 
er was a proprietor of Rumford. Xew Hamp- 
shire, in 1726, and had a house finished there 
in 1731 ; but there is no proof that he re- 
mained there. Rumford was a large section 
including several towns besides Hopkinton, 
Xew Hampshire. In his will Joseph (3) be- 
queathed a town right in Rumford to his son, 
Joseph Davis (4). and grandsons Joseph and 
"William, the sons of Joseph (4). Six chil- 
dren, among whom were: i. Isaac, men- 
tioned below. 2. Sarah, born Xovember 2. 
1725. at Amesbury, married. May 3, I743- 
Joshua Bagley. 3. Joseph, born July 23. 1737, 
settled at Rumford, Xew Hampshire, and was 
a signer of the association test at Hopkinton 
in 1776. 4. William, also signed the associa- 
tion test at Hopkinton in 1776. 

(\) Isaac, son of Joseph (2) Davis, was 
born in \\'ales (West of England), 1724. died 

in Bradford, Xew Hampshire, 1808. He was 
taken into the British army during the reign 
of King George the second, whose reign was 
from 1727 to 1760, and sent with the King's 
forces to America in 1740, serving in the 
French and Indian wars and also in the war 
of the revolution. He was the eldest of six 
children, and was in the field at work with 
his father when the officer of the press gang 
came along to secure men for the army; he 
was the selection of said officer, who said in 
response to his father's objection that he was 
too young and unsuited for the service that he 
was perfectly satisfactory and that the father 
could better take care of the mother and five 
vounger children. Isaac Davis was the first 
settler of the town of Bradford known in 
earlv history as "New Bradford". Hillsbor- 
ough county. New Hampshire, but later in the 
county of Merrimack. He served as one of 
the selectment of Bradford, 1786, and assisted 
in taking the census of that year, one hundred 
and twenty-eight whites and two negro'es. He 
was also a tythingman and on the committee 
to audit selectmen's accounts. 

"To whom it may concern, this is to certify 
that in the years A. D., 1759-1761 visited the 
farm known as Old Homestead, Massassecum 
Lake, Bradford, "Isaac Davis" who made set- 
tlement finally in 1762. As he had selected 
and occupied' said farm for a portion of the 
vears mentioned, then said Davis homestead 
'will date from the first date and it will be safe 
to call it from 1759 making it a period of 
one hundred and thirty-five (135) years as 
the Davis Homestead, or from 1759 to 1894. 
Located in the famous valley of ]\Iassassecum, 
eight hundred feet above the level of the sea, 
here is where the old soldier found rest and 
peace and departed this life. A. D., t8o8, at 
the age of eighty-four. And as peace hath its 
victories no less renowned than war, a full 
record of the lives of his descendants justify 
the conclusion that he made a good selection 
for his early home and his family in among 
the life giving hills and valleys of the Old 
dranite State." The foregoing is a copy. 

He married Katuria Woodward, who died 
in Bradford. New Hampshire. 181 1. Chil- 
dren: I. Betsey, born December 29. 1760, 
married Stephen Ward, of Bradford: chil- 
dren : i. Eben ; ii. James, married , 

and was the father of James ]\Iadison. Ste- 
phen Russell, Horace J. and Adeline Ward ; 
iii. Samuel, married Polly Day; children: 
Proctor D. and Joseph W. Ward, now living 
in Bradford. 2." Molly, born May 31, 1762, 



married Abner Ward, of Bradford. 3. James, 
born February 24, 1764, married Sally Brown, 
daughter of John Brown, of Bradford ; chil- 
dren : i. Daniel, married Betsey Davis, of 
Charleston (borough), New Hampshire; ii. 
Polly, married Samuel Jackman, of Enfield, 
New Hampshire ; iii. Katy, married Isaac 
Ward, son of Abner Ward ; iv. Betsey, never 
married; v. Sally, married John Ward, son of 
Abner Ward; settled in Claremont, New 
Hampshire ; John Ward died in Claremont, 
February 14, 1886, aged ninety-two years; 
vi. Dolly, married Heman Burpee, of Enfield, 
New Hampshire; vii. James B., married Lucy 
B. Davis, of Charleston (borough). New 
Hampshire; daughter of Jesse A. Davis; she 
was a member of the Congregational church, 
and was highly esteemed for her womanly vir- 
tues ; Dr. James A. Davis, of Lebanon, New 
Hampshire, is son of James B. and Lucy P. ; 
viii. Sophronia, married Benjamin Davis, son 
of Josluia Davis, a farmer ; ix. Stephen, went 
to Virginia ; was one of General Winfield 
Scott's staff officers in the Mexican war, 
served in the war of the rebellion and lost his 
life ; the picture of General Scott and his 
staff in Mexican war shows Stephen Davis ; 
X. Jonathan, settled in Virginia. 4. Daniel, 
born February 4, 1766, mentioned below. 5. 
John, born December 21, 1768, died young. 
6. Susan, born January 7, 1770, married 
Moses Bailey, who fought at Bunker Hill ; re- 
moved to Washington, Vermont ; children : 
Sally, William and Calvin. 7. Sally, born 
April 17, 1772, never married. 8. John, name 
changed to John Washington, born August 
14, 1774, married Sally Ward, sister of 
Stephen and Abner Ward ; children : John 
Shepard, Calvin, William Harrison, Mason, 
Fanny, Hannah, Julia. 

(VI) Daniel, son of Isaac Davis, was born 
at Bradford. New Hampshire, February 4, 
1766, died November 6, 1842. He married 
Mary Brown, daughter of John Brown, of 
Bradford, and sister of Sally Brown. Chil- 
dren : I. Samuel, born March 19, 1790, died 
September i, 1866. 2. Enoch, born August 
22, 1791, died March 22, 1792. 3. Enoch, 
born January 6, 1793, died September 17, 
1832. 4. Dorcas, born January 25, 1795, died 
February 28, 1796. 5. Eliphalet, born De- 
cember 16, 1796, mentioned below. 6. Lydia, 
born January 4, 1799, died August 20, 1821. 
7. Dimond, born April 25, 1802, died Decem- 
ber 5, 1861. 8. Hiram, born February 24, 
1807, died February i, 1872. 9. Lyman, born 
October 11, 1809, died April i, i860. 10. 

Isaac, born June 18, 181 1. 11. Curtis, men- 
tioned below. 

(VII) Eliphalet, son of Daniel Davis, was 
born at Bradford, December 16, 1796, died 
May 15, 1879. He attended the district 
schools in his boyhood, and worked on his 
father's farm. He came to Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, when fifteen years old, and found 
employment in the soap factory of Artemas 
Putnam. Afterward he worked several years 
for Deacon Livermore, another soap manu- 
facturer. When he came of age he embarked 
in the manufacture of soap and kindred com- 
pounds on his own account, with a place of 
business at the corner of Cherry and Main 
streets, Cambridge. This was the beginning 
and foundation of the Davis soap business 
which grew to mammoth proportions in after 
vears. A few years later he gave part of his 
business, the family soap trade, to his young- 
er brother, Curtis, and continued to manu- 
facture fancy soaps. He had a large and 
prosperous business. He was for eighteen 
years chorister of the Universalist Church of 
Cambridge and an active member of the so- 
ciety, but afterward he joined the Unitarian 
Church in Cambridge. He was married Oc- 
tober 8, 1822, bv the Rev. Paul Dean, in Bos- 
ton, to Anne Bemis, born July 19, 1801. Chil- 
dren : I. Mary Ann, born October 22, 1824, 
was married by the Rev. J. F. W. Ware, in 
Cambridgeport, Massachusetts, September 7, 
1847, to Josiah Bigelow Hagar ; one child: 
Eugene Bigelow, born September 23, 1850. 
2. George Marshall, born July 22, 1826, died 
March 14, 1856. 3. Thomas Mason, born 
March 22, 182S, was married by the Rev. Mr. 
Gulliver, in South Sutton. New Hampshire, 
April 30, 1857, to Esther M. Gee ; children : i. 
Josephine Harris, born November 27, 1857; 
ii. Thomas Winslow, .A.ugust 25, 1859 ; iii. 
(ieorge Henry, born September 2, 1861 ; iv. 
Lela Corinth, born February i, 1865, de- 
ceased; V. Ella Ermina, born April 26, 1867; 
vi. Walter G. ; vii. Frank Adelbert ; viii. Guy, 
deceased. 4. Curtis Warren, liorn June 20, 
1830, died November 13, 1833. 5. Caroline 
Webster, born October 11, 1832, was married 
by Rev. William Stearns, in Cambridgeport, 
Massachusetts, May 5, 1853, to Samuel Por- 
ter' Adams; children: i. Annie Brooks, born 
October 5, 1854 ; ii. Samuel Bigelow, June 
24, 1857, died June 11, 1859; iii. Carrie Eliz- 
abeth,' March "20, 1859. 6. William Henry, 
born August 26, 1834. 7. Charles Freder- 
ick, born Januarv 30, 1837, was married by 
the Rev. John F. W. Ware, at Cambridge- 

S/t'^i^a/e^ y/^ai't':^ 



port, Massachusetts, January 29, i860, to 
Frances Sawyer George, born December 7, 
1838, in Topsham, X'ermont ; children : i. 
Clara J. Allen, born at Cambridgeport, 
March "26, 1861, died March 19, 1868; 
ii. Florence Bartlett, Cambridgeport, August 
17, 1863 ; iii. Lewis Warner, Green's Land- 
ing, Maine, August 21, 1865, died there 
March 24, 1866; iv. Arthur Wilson, Clare- 
mont. New Hampshire, Alarch 7, 1867 ; v 
Ida Carlton, Bradford, April 6, 1869 ; vi, Ma- 
rian Frances, Bradford, May 29, 1871. 8. 
Sarah Wilson, married a Mr. Peters, a mis- 
sionary. 9. Eliphalet Francis, born Novem- 
ber 12, 1839. 10. Adelaide Harris, born No- 
vember 12, 1841. 

(VH) Curtis, son of Daniel Davis, was 
born in Bradford, February 11, 1814. He at- 
tended the public schools of his native town, 
and during his boyhood worked on his fath- 
er's farm. When he came of age he left 
home with an ambition to enter business and 
a determination to succeed. His brothers 
were already prosperous soap manufacturers 
at Cambridge, Massachusetts, and he fol- 
lowed them, working for a time for his broth- 
er Eliphalet. After a short time he returned 
to Bradford, where he worked at farming a 
year, returning afterward to Cambridge and 
continuing in the soap business. He learned 
the business thoroughly and in 1834 bought 
out the soap business of his brother Hiram. 
He sold out the following year, but embarked 
in business again immediately in a larger 
factory and in 1837 admitted to partnership 
Alexander Dickinson. This firm continued 
until 1851, after which Mr. Davis continued 
the business alone. Mr. Davis bought and 
enlarged the buildings known for a genera- 
tion as the Curtis Davis Soap Works, the 
largest in New England and the best known. 
In 1864 Air. Davis admitted to partnership 
his son-in-law, James Mellen, who took 
charge of the Boston office and salesroom, 
and who succeeded to the business after the 
death of Mr. Davis. He was one of the lead- 
ing citizens of Cambridge. He was a Demo- 
crat of the old school and in later years gave 
his earnest support to President Grover 
Cleveland. He was a member of the com- 
mon council of Cambridge two years. He 
represented the district in which he lived in 
Cambridge for three terms in the general 
court, serving on important committees. The 
citv of Cambridge and, particularly Cam- 
bridgeport, where his factory was located, 
owes much to his energy and enterprise. He 

co-operated in every movement tending to 
promote the growth and welfare of that busy 
section. He was a director in the Citizens 
Insurance Company and in the Cambridge 
Bank for many years, but he had very few 
intersts outside his business. He was a Uni- 
versalist in religion. He died at his home in 
Cambridge, January 30, 1887. He married, No- 
vember 29, 1835, Martha Kemp, born at 
Pomfret, Vermont, April i, 1818, died April 
25, 1889, sister of Lysander Kemp, a well 
known soap manufacturer of Cambridge. 
(See Kemp sketch). Mr. and Mrs. Davis 
were fifty-two years married when Mr. Davis 
died. Children: i. Christina Van Ness, 
born April 15, 1840, married James Mellen 
(see Mellen family). 2. Ermina Frances, 
born 1842, died December 25, 1854. 3. Cur- 
tis Rockwell, born .April 30, 1845, died Feb- 
ruary 24, 1876. 4. Mary Elizabeth, born De- 
cember 7, 1846, died February 3, 1898; mar- 
ried Samuel Noyes Jr. ; child, Curtis Davis 
Noyes, born October 7, 1868, married Carrie 
Belle Frasier, of Cambridge ; one child, Cur- 
tis Davis Noyes Jr., born March 19, 1891. 5. 
Edwin Albert, born 1849, died July 8, 185 1. 

Richard Mellen, immigrant an- 
MELLEN cestor, was an early settler of 
Charlestown, Alassachusetts. 
He was admitted a freeman September 7, 
1639, and had doubtless been in the colony for 
several years before that. He removed to 
Weymouth in 1642 or 1643 ^nd probably did 
not live long afterward. Savage calls atten- 
tion to the difificutly of tracing the name 
because of the great variety of spell- 
ing found in the records. It is found 
spelled Mellins, Mullins, Mallins, Melling, 
Melen and even Meles. Richard Mellen 
had a land grant in Weymouth in 1642 
and 1644 on the back side of Kingoak Hill, 
but removed from there or died soon after, as 
his name does not appear again on the rec- 
ords. Some of his children: i. James, born 
in Charlestown, June 3, 1642. 2. Sarah, born 
in \\'eymouth, April 4, 1643. 3. Mary, mar- 
ried, at Charlestown, 1662, Daniel Whitte- 
more. 4. Simon, perhaps born in England, 
mentioned below. 

(II) Simon, son of Richard Mellen, was 
born about 1644 in New England or before 
1639 in Old England. He was in Charles- 
town in 1660 and resided in Maiden in 1668. 
In 1687 he was a grantee of the plantation of 
Quinsigamond in Worcester. He settled finally 
in the southern part of Framingham. He had 



religious privileges in Sherborn. and left de- 
scendants there. He died December 19, 1694, 
and when his estate was settled in 1695 all his 
children were mentioned. His widow, Mary 
Mellen, died in Framingham, June i, 1709, 
aged seventy years. Children: i. Simon, 
born September 25, 1665, mentioned below. 
Born at Maiden: 2. Thomas, August, 1668. 
3. Richard, January 2, 1671-72, married, De- 
cember 6, 1695, Mary Gleason. 4. James, 
1681. 5. John, January 29, 1685-86. All the 
children were baptized at Watertown, Decem- 
ber 5, 1686. 

(HI) Simon (2), son of Simon (i) Mel- 
len, was born at Winnisimmet, Boston, Sep- 
tember 25, 1665, died August 30, 1717. He 
lived on his father's homestead and was select- 
man. He married, December 27, 1688, Eliza- 
beth Fiske, daughter of John Fiske, of Water- 
town. Children: I. Simon, born May 16, 
1690, mentioned below. 2. Mary, June 4, 
1695, died April 30, 171 1. 3. James, March 
8, 1698. 

(IV) Simon (3), son of Simon (2) Mel- 
len, was born May 16, 1690, and resided on 
the homestead. He served as selectman. He 
married (first! April 23, 171 1, Esther Town, 
daughter of John Town. He married (sec- 
ond) October 11, 1744, Susanna Haven, who 
survived him. In 1795 she was living with 
Nathaniel Pike, of Hopkinton, who gave a 
bond to the Oxford selectmen to support her 
through life, and giving her former residence 
as Oxford. Children: i. Mary, born March 
28, 1712, married, September 30, 1731, Jona- 
than Mores, of Framingham. 2. Dr. John, 
May 13, 1714. 3- Simon, June 10, 1716, mar- 
ried, April 27, 1742, Abigail Ball. 4. Jona- 
than, November 25, 1718. 5. David, March 
10, 1721-22, mentioned below. 6. Esther 
(twin), born March 22, 1724-25. 7. Israel 
(twin), March 22, 1724-25. 

(V) David, son of Simon (3) Mellen, was 
born March 10, 1721-22, died October 10, 
1801, at Oxford. He was taxed in 1771 at 
Oxford, where they removed after the birth 
of the first child, and in 1776 was chosen 
grave digger and served until 1782 at least. 
He married, June 20, 1744, Mary Maverick, 
daughter of James Maverick, of Sudbury. 
Children, the first born in Framingham, the 
remainder at Oxford: i. Ann, February 8, 
1745. 2. John, August 10, 1750, served in 
the revolution. 3. Mary, March 19, 1753. 4- 
Lucy, 1756. 5. David, mentioned below. 

(VI) David (2), son of David (i) Mellen, 
was born in Oxford, May 14, 1759, died in 

Charlestown about 1830. He is called labor- 
er in the records. He served in the revolu- 
tion in the Continental army from July 4 to 
December 6, 1780. He resided in Charles- 
town, Oakham, North Brookfield and Ox- 
ford. He married Grace Stoddard, of Hing- 
ham. Children, born in Charlestown: i. 
Samuel, died at Oakham, 1823. 2. Abel, 
married (first) 1826, Charlotte Perkins ; (sec- 
ond) Mary A. Helms. 3. Adeline, married 
John Chamberlain. 4. Ira, born September 
17, 1799. married, November 16, 1825, Mary 
A. Gillard : died September 5. 1837. 5. David, 
born at ( )akham, ]\Iarch 15, 1804, married, 
August 20, 1827, Sarah Ann Hilton; died 
November 16, 1835. 6. Thomas Snell, born 
at North Brookfield, 1807, married (first) Au- 
gust 31, 1830, Rebecca Perry; (second) Eliza 
Turner. 7. George Washington, born at 
Oakham, married Sophia Ballard. 8. Cath- 
erine, born July 15, 1812. at Oxford, lived in 
the family of Otis Stone ; died about 1829. 9. 
Mary M., born .August 6, 1814, married John 
Chamberlain, of Charlestown ; died there 
about 1836. 10. James, mentioned below. 

(VII) James, son of David (2) Mellen, was 
born November i, 1815, in North Brookfield. 
He was educated in the public schools. He 
removed to Charlestown and later to Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, and had a large busi- 
ness as building-mover, in Boston and vicin- 
ity. He married, September 10, 1837, Sarah 
Ann (Hilton) Mellen, died February 12, 1908, 
widow of his brother. David Mellen Jr., de- 
scendant of an old colonial family of Maine. 
Children: I. James, born April 9, 1838, men- 
tioned below. 2. David Jr., November 24, 
1839, di'^cl September 18, 1852. 

(VIII) James (2), son of James (i) Mellen, 
was born in Charlestown, now part of Bos- 
ton, April 9, 1838, died at Cambridge, Janu- 
arv 5, 1896. He attended the public schools 
of Charlestown and Cambridge. He began 
his business career in the building moving 
business in association with his father and 
displayed great energy and capacity. He en- 
tered the employ of his father-in-law, Curtis 
Davis, the famous soap manufacturer, after 
his marriage, and in 1864 was admitted to 
partnership, taking charge of the Boston of- 
fice and salesrooms, and contributing his full 
share to the conspicuous growth and profita- 
bleness of the concern. At the time of the 
death of the senior partner the business of 
the Curtis Davis Company had reached enor- 
mous proportions. The goods of the com- 
pany found a market in all parts of the world 



and had a reputation for quality second to 
none. Mr. Mellen succeeded to the business 
and carried it on until his death, with ever 
increasing trade and facilities. Mr. Mellen 
was an independent Republican in politics 
and interested in public affairs but never ac- 
tive in partv matters. He was for a few years 
member of the common council of the city of 
Cambridge. He was a member of the Colon- 
ial and Newtown clubs of Cambridge. Mr. 
Mellen had the respect and friendship of his 
fellow-citizens and business associates, in- 
cluding his employees, to an unusual degree. 
His frank, unassuming, engaging manner in- 
vited confidence and friendship, and those 
who knew him appreciated and cultivated his 
friendship. His ability was recognized and 
his integrity appreciated in the business 
world. His good nature and kindliness were 
proverbial. He resided on Washington ave- 
nue, where he had a beautiful home, in which 
his family lived until 190". He built a sum- 
mer home on the north shore. He married, 
November i, i860, Christina \'an Ness Dav- 
is, daughter of Curtis and Martha (Kemp) 
Davis. (See Davis family). Children : born 
at Cambridge: i. Edwin Davis, born No- 
vember 23, 1861, graduate of the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology ; was associated 
with his father in the soap manufacturing 
business ; since the sale of that business to an 
English syndicate he has been engaged in 
a mining and promoting company, residing 
in Cambridge, but making frequent trips to 
the west where his mines are located ; mar- 
ried Adele Lods, born in Paris, France, June 
26, 1862 : children : i. Lucile Christina, born 
July 5, 1886: ii. James Edwin, born June 7, 
1897: iii. Richard .\dams, born June 3, 1900; 
iv. Adele Louise, born October 29, 1903. 2. 
Mary Elizabeth, born August 19, 1863, mar- 
ried, November i, 1886, Frederick L. Cun- 
ningham, of Lunenburg. Massachusetts, born 
November 4, 1838: child, James Mellen Cun- 
ningham, born January 16, 1888. 3. Louise 
Maria, born September 18, 1865, married 
Walter Emerson Stone ; child, Edward Rus- 
sell Stone, born December 16, 1892. 4. Mar- 
tha Davis, born November 13, 1868, mar- 
ried Aquilla Beales Rich, born Alarch 13, 
1866, at Brooklyn, New York ; children : i. 
Christina Rich, born November 28, 1891, 
died April 5, 1892; ii. Aquilla Beales Rich, 
born at Stow, ]\rassachusetts, August 9, 1900. 
5. Sarah Agnes, born November 13, 1869, 
resides with her mother in Cambridge. 6. 
Nettie Christina, born July 15, 1870, died July 
14, 1871. 

There were four immigrants to 
KEMP Massachusetts of the Kemp fam- 
ily, probably closely related, be- 
fore 1640. Of John Kemp there is but a single 
record, when he was before the general court 
in 1639. Mr. William Kemp came in the 
ship "James", April 5, 1635 ; settled at Dux- 
bury, Massachusetts, where he became a pro- 
prietor and juryman ; admitted freeman March 

5, 1638-39: grant of land January 7, 1638-39; 
administration granted to widow Elizabeth, 
November 21, 1641. Robert Kemp settled in 
Dedham ; was admitted to the church April 24, 
1639, and his wife was admitted October 11, 

1639- . . 

( I ) Edward Kemp, tlie other mimigrant, 

also settled in Dedham, and was probably 
brother of Robert. He was a proprietor there 
August 28, 1638; admitted freeman March 13, 
1638-39. He removed to Wenham, Massa- 
chusetts, and declined the office of deacon in 
1651. He removed to Chelmsford in 1655. 
His will, dated January 27, 1667, proved April 

6, 1669, bequeathed to daughter Esther, her 
husband Sanniel Foster and child Samuel Fos- 
ter; to kinsman Samuel Kemp of Groton. 

(H) Samuel, doubtless nephew of Edward 
Kemp, as mentioned above, was probably a 
son of Robert Kemp, of Dedham, mentioned 
above, and reared in the family of Edward. 
Samuel Kemp received a grant of a five acre 
lot or half a single share, "seventy acres of 
land, be it more or lesse, lying on loes plaine, 
loese (Lowe's) meadow being contained with- 
in and is part of the number, but it is reckoned 
to him as three acres of meadow land ; this 
land is bounded by ye commons ; wets, by ye 
churches farm on ye south ; and ye highway 
which parts Jacob Browne and him, north ;" 
The road to Deacon Edmund's place, known 
anciently as Marshall's lane, was near if not 
the same as the north bound of Kemp's lot. 
He remained there until 1668 and then sold 
to Thomas Ross, removing to Groton. He 
married. May 23, 1662, Sarah, daughter of 
Sergeant Thomas Foster, of Braintree. Chil- 
dren : I. Samuel, born February, 1662-63; 
resided in Groton. 2. Abigail, born March 
27, 1664-65. 3. Zerubbabel, born about 1666; 
mentioned below. 4. Jonathan, born April 6, 

1668; married Mary . 5. Mehitable, 

born January 4, 1673. 6. Bethia, July 9, 1683. 
(HI) Zerubbabel, son of Samuel Kemp, was 
born about 1666. He settled in Groton. He 
and his wife Mary were baptized and admitted 
to the covenent, and had two children baptized 
at Groton, May 15, 1709. Children, born at 
Groton: i. Ebenezer, February 28, 1704. 2. 



Zerubbabel, October 12, 1705, baptized May 
15. 1709- 3- John. January 18, 1707-08, bap- 
tized May 15, 1709; mentioned below. 4. 
Mary, born April 8, 1713. 5. Dorothy, bap- 
tized February 11, 171 1. 6. Hezekiah, born 
August 14, 1715. 7. Sarah, August 3, 1718. 

(IV) John, son of Zerubbabel Kemp, was 
born in Groton, January 18, 1707-08, and died 
there. He married, at Groton, November 4, 
1731, Sarah Holden, born September 5, 1717, 
daughter of John and Sarah (Davis) Holden, 
granddaughter of Stephen Holden, born July 
19, 1642, great-granddaughter of Richard and 
Martha ( Fosdick ) Holden. Martha was 
daughter of the immigrant, Stephen Fosdick. 
Sarah (Davis) Holden, born September 22, 
1694, died November 22, 171 5, was daughter 
of John and Mehitable Davis, granddaughter 
of Samuel and Mary Davis. Children of John 
and Sarah (Holden) Kemp; born at Groton: 
I. John, June 4, 1732. 2. Lawrence, Septem- 
ber 24, 1733; mentioned below. 3. Oliver, 
July II, 1735. 4. Jabez, March 19, 1736-37. 

5. Stephen, September 19, 1739. 6. Lucy, 
April 24, 1742. 7. Amasa, May 21, 1744. 8. 
Sarah, May 29, 1746. 

(V) Captain Lawrence, son of John Kemp, 
was born September 24, 1733, and died at 
Groton, October 2, 1805. He was a soldier 
in the French and Indian war, in Captain Cles- 
son's company, of Deerfield ; was captain in 
the thirteenth company. Colonel David Field's 
(Fifth Hampshire) regiment, commissioned 
May 3, 1776, and was at Ticonderoga in 1777; 
also captain in Colonel David Well's regiment 
in Burgoyne campaign. He removed from 
(jroton to Deerfield and thence in 1767 to 
Shelburne, Massachusetts. He married, July 
12, 1756, Dorothy Stebbins, died October 5, 
1820, aged eighty-two years. Children, born 
at Deerfield and Shelburne: i. Oliver, De- 
cember 15, 1757. 2. Solomon, May 23, 1759; 
died August 20, 1762. 3. John, 1766; mar- 
ried, March 29, 1786, Hannah Wells. 4. 
Dorothy, baptized 1766, married, 1787, .\bel 
Wilder. 5. Hannah, died February 12, 1766. 

6. Lawrence, mentioned below. 7. JNIehitable, 
born August 9, 1779. 

Dorothy (Stebbins) Kemp, wife of Captain 
Lawrence Kemp, was born January 6, 1738, 
daughter of John and Hannah (Allen) Steb- 
bins, granddaughter of John and Dorothy 
(Alexander). John Stebbins, born January 
28, 1647, died December 19. 1724, served in 
King Phillip's war under Captains Lothrop 
and Mosely, and was only survivor of Bloody 
Mas.sacre. son of John Stebbins, born 1626, 

died J\Iarch 9, 1679, and grandson of the im- 
migrant Riwaland Stebbins (see Stebbins). 
Dorothy (Alexander) Stebbins was born 
about 1660, daughter of John and Beatrice 
Ale.xander, and granddaughter of the immi- 
grant, John Ale.xander, who came from Scot- 
land before 1640. Hannah (Allen) Stebbins, 
born February 12, 1698-99, daughter of Ed- 
ward Allen, born May i, 1663, died Novem- 
ber 24, 1683, married Mary Painter, February 
10, 1740, and granddaughter of Edward Allen 
Sr., 1663, died November 21, 1696, married 
November 24, 1658, Sarah Kimball, daughter 
of Richard Kimball, the immigrant (see Kim- 

(\T) Lawrence (2), son of Lawrence (i) 
Kemp, was born at Shelburne, Alassachu- 
setts, March 3, 1776. He settled in Shel- 
burne, and died there August 3, 1821. He 
married, October 9, 1799, Alehitable Ellis, 
of Buckland, Massachusetts, daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Lois (Mann) Ellis, granddaughter 
of Reuben and Mehitable (Scott) Ellis, and 
also of Thomas Mann (3), Samuel (2), Wil- 
liam (i). Benjamin Ellis, born May 7, 1751, 
was son of Reuben Ellis, born November 5, 
1728, died April 21, 1786, of Ashfield and 
.Sunderland, Massachusetts ; married Mehita- 
ble Scott, born May 3, 1722, daughter of 
Richard Scott and Elizabeth (Belding) Scott. 
Elizabeth (Belding) born December 28, 1658, 
died October 6, 1720, daughter of Stephen 
and Mary (Wells) Belding, granddaughter of 
Samuel and Mary Belding, and grandson of 
Richard Belding (see Belding). Reuben El- 
lis was son of Rich'^rd Ellis, the first settler 
of Ashfield, Massachusetts, "^nd his wife Jane, 
daughter of Captain John and Elizabeth 
(Drake) Phillips, granddaughter of Richard 
and Elizabeth (Packer) Phillips, and great 
granddaughter of Richard Phillips. Eliza- 
beth Drake was daughter of Thomas Drake ; 
Richard Scott was son of William and Han- 
nah (Allis) Scott, grandson of William and 
Mary Allis, of Hatfield. 

Children of Lawrence and Mehitable (El- 
lis) Kemp, was born in Deerfield: i. Sum- 
ner, born February 12, 1800; died at sea on 
a whaling voyage. 2. Lawrence, born Sep- 
tember 21, 1802, mentioned below. 3. Abner, 
born February 12, 1804; went west. 4. John 
Stebbins, burn February 6, 1806; died in 
Heath. 5. Lucinda, born January 25, 1808; 
married. October 18, 1827, Orin Dole. 6. 
Benjamin Ellis, born December 9, 1810; mar- 
ried' Sarah W. Eddy, November 28, 1834. 7. 
Joseph,' born .\ugust 30, 1813; lived at Ann 



Arbor, ^lichigan. 8. Noah C, born Febru- 
ary 16, 1817; died unmarried, at Coleraine. 

(\'II) Lawrence (3), son of Lawrence (2) 
Kemp, was born in Deerfield, September 21, 
1802, died July 14, 1850, aged forty-seven 
years, seven months and twenty-two days. 
He married Mary, daughter of Enos and Lu- 
cretia (Clark) Stewart ; she died in Needham, 
December 13, 1885. Children: i. Mary Ann, 
born January 4, 1831 ; married, October 6, 
1852, Asahel G. Matthews, son of Silas and 
Hannah (Gilbert) Matthews ; children : i. 
Mary Ella ; ii. Anna Lizzie ; iii. Florence 
Maria, married, September 14, 1882, Harry 
Gaylord Collins and has two children : Hazel 
G. and Frances ^L Collins. 2. Sumner, born 
February 6, 1833; married, December 25, 
1856, Hannah Button ; children : Eva, Cora, 
Alary, a son died young and Charles Kemp. 

3. Horace, born .\ugust 17, 1835, mentioned 
below. 4. Lucretia, born March 24, 1838; 
married Eben Phelps ; died in Xeedham, De- 
cember 7, 1891. 5. Charles S., born August 

4, 1840; died in Coleraine, November 12, 
1862, unmarried. 6. Ann Jeannette, born 
February 10, 1845; died July 31, 1845. 7. 
Elsie Cordelia, born July 20, 1847; died in 
Springfield. Massachusetts, September 14, 

(\ HI) Horace, son of Lawrence (3) Kemp, 
was born at Shelburne, August 17, 1835. He 
was educated in the public schools, and has 
been engaged in farming in Coleraine. He 
married, .\pril 22, 1858. Eliza Ann, daughter 
of Walter and Salome (Shepardson) Bell (see 
Bell, HI). Children: i. Elsie, born at Ley- 
den, March 18, 1859; married, December 20, 
1874, AL Dayton Miner, son of Cyrus and 
Freelove (Packard) Miner ; he is a carpenter 
and builder at Leyden ; children : i. Arthur 
Horace Miner, born April 21, 1876, at North 
Adams. ALissachusetts ; married, October 7, 
1900, Bertha Mayor Packard, daughter of 
Davis Hayward and Frances La Von (Tyler) 
Packard ; children : a. Kenneth Packard 
Miner, born at Fairhaven, Massachusetts, 
September i, 1901 : b. Arthur Dayton Miner, 
born at Atlantic, Massachusetts, December 
7, 1903 ; c. Winchester Rutledge Miner, born 
at Yonkers, New York, January 28, 1907 ; d. 
Margaret Miner, born at Yonkers, New 
York, October 13, 1909. ii. .^nnie Vesta 
Miner, born at Leyden. August 4, 1878 ; mar- 
ried, February 2, 1898, George Deane Bol- 
ton, a farmer of Leyden ; child : Charles Bell 
Bolton, born October 24, 1900. iii. Homer 
Dayton Miner, born at Leydon, July 7. 1886. 

Iv— 27 

2. Ida Grace, born at Coleraine, May 31, 
1861 ; married, March 13, 1881, Charles Dew- 
ey Miner, a farmer of Coleraine, son of Whit- 
man Miner: child: Mavie Lucretia Miner, 
born at Coleraine, August 12, 1884; married 
Thomas White, April 2/, 1901. 3. Walter 
Horace, born at Coleraine, July 2, 1863 ; a 
prosperous farmer of his native town ; he is 
a member of the board of selectmen and is 
prominent in the affairs of the town ; he was 
assessor for many years and a member of 
the school board ; married Alae Sophia Mar- 
tin, daughter of William and Ellen (Shep- 
ardson) Martin ; children : i. Bessie Mae, 
born June 22, 1883 ; ii. George Walter, born 
July 25, 1884; iii. Howard Martin, born Jan- 
uary 8, 1887; iv. Nellie Martiel, born Janu- 
ary 21, 1896. 4. \\'illiam Sumner, born No- 
vember 16, 1870, mentioned below. 5. Har- 
vey Lawrence, born at Coleraine, December 

(IX) William Sumner, son of Horace 
Kemp, was born in Coleraine, November 16, 
1870, on the old Walter Bell homestead. He 
attended the public schools of his native town 
and the Powers Institute at Bernardston, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he was graduated in the 
class of 1889, of which he was president. 
During his youth he worked on his father's 
farm. In the winter of 1889-90 he taught 
school in the south district of Leyden and re- 
turned to farming in the spring. In August, 
1890, he went to Grand Island, Nebraska, as 
messenger in the office of the Grand Island 
Banking Company, and from time to time was 
promoted. At the end of three years he re- 
signed the position of assistant teller in this 
bank to accept a position as messenger in the 
Brookline National Bank of Brookline, Mas- 
sachusetts, September i, 1893, but immediate- 
ly afterward was made bookkeeper, and Janu- 
ary I, 1894, teller. He continued in this office 
until November 2, 1898, when he became the 
cashier. After si.x years he resigned as 
cashier of this bank to accept the responsible 
office of treasurer of the Holtzer-Cabot Elec- 
tric Company of Brookline, and he has con- 
tinued with this concern, of which he is also 
secretary and director of the corporation, to 
the present time. The company manufactures 
electric motors, telephones and electrical ap- 
paratus. The home office and factory is at 
Brookline, Massachusetts, the Chicago office 
at 395-97 Dearborn street. He was active in 
organizing the Brookline Co-operative Bank 
and has been secretary, treasurer and vice- 
president and is still a member of the board of 



directors. He is master of Betlihoren Lodge 
of Free Masons. In religion he is Unitarian 
and in politics Republican. He has never mar- 

The Bell family of this sketch is 
BELL of very ancient Scotch ancestry. 
Before the year 1300 the family 
was established in Dumfriesshire, Scotland, 
and there flourished for many generations. It 
is reputed to be of Anglo-Norman origin and 
the surname is thought to have been from the 
French Bel. A branch of this family settled 
in Ireland when King James colonized tlie 
north of Ireland with Scotch Presbyterians 
and English Episcopalians in 1610 and later. 
The first of the name found on the Irish rec- 
ords was Andrew Bell, a tenant of John 
Hamilton, who had a grant of five hundred 
acres in 1619 in the precinct of Fewes, county 
Armagh, Ireland. There may have been oth- 
ers of the Bell family, coming later, or he may 
have been the progenitor of all the family 
which is still numerous in that section of Ire- 
land. In the counties of Armagh, Antrim, 
Down and Tyrone, all of Ulster there were 
one hundred and si.xty-nine births in the Bell 
families, indicating a population in this com- 
paratively small territory of 7,500 of the name 
of Bell, and establishing the standing of the 
family as one of the most numerous of Scotch- 
Irish families in Ireland. Several of the fam- 
ily came to New England from the Scotch 
counties of Ireland in 1719 and during the 
years following when the Scotch-Irish were 
seeking homes in this country in large num- 

John Bell, progenitor of the ninth, thirteenth 
and forty-first governors of New Hampshire, 
was born in the vicinity of Coleraine, prob- 
ably in the parish of Ballymony, county .An- 
trim, Ireland, in 1678, and died in London- 
derry, New Hampshire, July 8, 1743, aged 
sixty-four years. He was not of the first com- 
pany of Scotch-Irish who founded Nuffield, 
now Londonderry, New Hampshire, in April, 
1719, but he was there in 1720, and received 
a grant of sixty acres in the .A.iken Range, 
where he and his son John afterward lived. 
He returned to Ireland in 1722, having cleared 
his farm and prepared a house, and brought 
his wife and two surviving daughters, two of 
his children having died in infancy. He was 
a useful and respected citizen and held vari- 
ous offices. He drew lands amounting in all 
to three hundred acres. He married in Ire- 
land, Elizabeth Todd, daughter of John and 

Rachel (Nelson) Todd, sister of Colonel An- 
drew Todd. She died August 30, 1771, aged 
eighty-two years. Children: i. Samuel, born 
September 28, 1723; removed to Cambridge, 
New York. 2. Letitia, married Deacon 
George Duncan. 3. Naomi, married Captain 
William Duncan. 4. Elizabeth, married James 
Duncan. 5. Mary, married George Duncan. 
6. John, married Mary Ann Gilmore. 

W illiam Bell, of Palmer, Massachusetts, 
said to be John's son by the history of Palmer, 

married Elizabeth and had a large 

family of children between 1736 and 1757. The 
list of children as given above is on the au- 
thority of Parker's history of Londonderry. 
If William were a son of John, Thomas, men- 
tioned below, may be also. Both were certain- 
ly related to the Londonderry settler very 
closely. Many of the Londonderry people 
came to Palmer and Colerain to settle. 

(I) Thomas Bell, immigrant ancestor, son 
or nephew of John Bell, mentioned above, was 
bom in Ireland, doubtless at Ballymony, near 
Coleraine, county Antrim, in 1717. He died 
September i, 1789, aged seventy-two, at Cole- 
raine, Massachusetts. He married in Boston, 
October 18, 1743, Esther Bell, sister of James, 
who was cousin of Thomas Bell. She died at 
Coleraine, April 17, 1782, aged sixty-five 
years. The history of East Boston by Somers 
states that he went to Derry (Londonderry), 
New Hampshire, and afterward lived at Rox- 
bury, Massachusetts. There was another 
family of this name at Roxbury and another 
Thomas Bell of about the same age. The two 
may readily be confused. But we know that 
Thomas Bell who went to Coleraine and was 
related to the Scotch-Irish Bells of New 
Hampshire was the lessee of Noddles Island 
in Boston Harbor. This lease was executed 
November 4, 1760, by Thomas Bell and Sam- 
uel Cochran. Bell sold his moiety to his son- 
in-law, Henry Howell Williams, June i, 1763. 
Cochran died May 9, 1763, and the island was 
leased to Bell and Williams, November 15, 
1764. This lease came into the possession of 
John Avery, of Lowell, Massachusetts, who 
gave it to Harvard College library. The his- 
tory of Coleraine informs us that Thomas and 
William Bell came to Coleraine from Rox- 
bury. Presumably this William is the same 
mentioned above, called a son of John Bell, of 
Londonderry, but possibly a nephew and very 
likely a brother of Thomas. Thomas Bell had 
a lot of land in the second division of Cole- 
raine in 1 75 1, but it was after 1765 when he 



came there with his family and settled perma- 

The inventory of his estate was filed at 
Northampton, October 2^, 1789. Three Scotch 
neighbors, Hugh McClellan, Jonathan McGee 
and William Caldwell, were appraisers. It 
shows only his personal estate. As he left no 
will he doubtless deeded his lands to his sons. 
He was a delegate to the provincial congress 
in 1775. Much information about the chil- 
dren of Thomas has been gleaned from the 
will of his son James, who bequeathed to his 
wife and brothers and sisters, having no issue. 
To his wife James bequeathed land he pur- 
chased of Samuel Cochran in 1786 and land 
he bought of Thomas Bell (his father) in 
1763, the latter being his homestead. He own- 
ed the farm on which his brother Thomas 
lived, and gave him a life interest in it. He 
gave a similar interest to his brother Walter 
and sisters Elizabeth Williams and Polly 
Mathews in other lands. All his property was 
in Coleraine. .\fter the death of his brothers 
and sisters, he provided that the estate should 
be equally divided among their children. The 
will was dated March 9, 1791, and proved 
December 4, 1798. 

Children of Thomas Bell: i. Polly, married 
John Mathews and lived at Coleraine. 2. 

James, married Margaret ; died 1798; 

left no children (see will mentioned above), 
3. Thomas, born 1750; soldier in the revolu- 
tion from Coleraine from 1775 to 1780 almost 
continuously ; in 1780 gave his age as thirty 
years ; height, five feet, five inches ; com- 
plexion, ruddy. 4. Walter, born May 18, 
1759: mentioned below. 5. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Henry Howell Williams, son of Joseph 
(Joseph 3, Stephen 2, Robert i Williams of 
Ro.xbury) of Noddles Island and Coleraine. 

(II) Walter, son of Thomas Bell, was born 
May 18, 1759, according to a family Bible. 
He died December 12, 1851. He married Sal- 
ly Bell, daughter of James and Sally (Crouch) 
Bell. She was born September 8. 1763, ac- 
cording to the same Bible. She may have 
been descended from the English family of 
Bells, mentioned above, though she is said 
to have been a cousin of her husband. She 
died August 10, 1848, aged eighty-five years. 
A\"alter Bell was a soldier in the revolution, a 
private in Captain Hugh McClellan's com- 
pany of Coleraine, Colonel David Wells's 
regiment, from September 22, to October 18, 
1777, in the northern army. He lived at 
Coleraine. In the census of 1790 he had two 
sons under sixteen and six females in his 

family. His brother Thomas had three sons 
under sixteen and five females in his, family. 
His brother James had three sons over si.x- 
teen, one under that age, and three females in 
his family. 

Children of Walter and Sarah Bell: r. Pa- 
tience, born February 24, 1780. 2. Elizabeth, 
April 5, 1782. 3. Margaret, February 27, 

1784. 4. Sarah, July 3, 1786; married — 

Prouty; she died September 2, 1829. 5. 
Thomas, March 31, 1788, died October 2, 
1815, aged twenty-seven years, five months, 
twenty-eight days. 6. Harriet, February i, 
1790. 7. Walter Jr., December 15, 1792, 
mentioned below. 8. James, Mav 8, 1795; 
married, March 15, 1821, Sarah' Stedman, 
daughter of Philemon and Sarah Stedman. 
9. Henry W.. July 2, 1798. 10. Nancv, June 
I, r8o — , II. John A., May 17, 1807-08; mar- 
ried, May 21, 1826, Desire Mixter, daughter 
of Joseph and Elizabeth Mixter : wife died 
September 25, 1830, aged twenty-four. 12. 
William, January 27, 1810 ; married Mary 

(Ill)' Walter (2), son of Walter (i) Bell, 
was born in Coleraine, December 15, 1792. 
This record and those given of his father's 
family are from a famity Bible now in the 
possession of Grace Dunnells. He married, 
December 16, 1821, Salome Shepardson, 
daughter of Joseph Shepardson. She was 
born August 26, 1803, died August i, 1882. 
Children: i. Joseph Shepardson, born June 
4, 1823. 2. Sarah Survier, December 17, 
1824, died June ir, 1825. 3. Mary Sophia, 
April 19, 1826-27. 4. James Packer, October 
27, 1828. 5. Augustus Warren, December 
12, 1832. 6. Eliza Ann, June 7, 1835 ^ mar- 
ried Horace Kemp (see Kemp, VIII). 7. 
Harriet Gertrude, August 31, 1844. 

The name Newcomb is said 
NEWCOMB to be of Saxon origin, 

"Combe" signifying a low 
situation, a vale, a place between two hills. 
Newcome is defined by Hallowell as "strang- 
ers newly arrived", but the family of this 
name, who trace back to Hugh Newcome, of 
Saltfleetby, county Lincoln, in the reign of 
Richar Coeur de Lion, (1189-92) are not 
parvenues in this or any other sense. The 
name is doubtless the same as Newcombe, 
though the locality from which it is derived is 
unknown. In early records in this country the 
name is found written Newcom, Newcome, 
Newcomb, Newcombe, Newcum, Newkum, 
Newkom, Newckum, Nucom, Nuccome, Nu- 



comb, Nuccombe, Nucum, etc., in some in- 
stances in two or more ways in the same doc- 
ument. Now it is usually spelled Newcomb. 
The records of baptisms, marriages, etc., at 
Saltfleetby, where the family has been seated 
seven hundred years, begin in 1558, and are 
written in Lat'"- In these records the name 
is written Newcomen. 

(I) Captain Andrew Newcomb, progenitor 
of the largest branch of the family in Amer- 
ica, tradition says, emigrated from the west 
of England, perhaps Devonshire or Wales. 
First mention of him was made in 1663, in 
Boston, Massachusetts, when he married his 
second wife, Grace, widow of WiUiam Rix 
(or Ricks). He was a mariner or sea captain, 
and it is probable that this had always been his 
occupation. In 1679 he was "Master of ye 
Sloope Edmund and Martha", then in New 
York, bound for "Boston in New Eng," prob- 
ably from Virginia, a part of his cargo being 
tobacco. Suffolk deeds contain a copy of an 
agreement dated February 14, 1672, in which 
Andrew Newcomb and wife Grace are to 
enjoy during life the old dwelling house, "now 
in the tenure and occupation of the said New- 
comb", formerly of William Ricks, deceased. 
Andrew Newcomb signed his name both New- 
comb and Newcombe. His will, dated Janu- 
ary 31, 1682-83, entered December 9, 1686. be- 
queathed to wife, daughter Grace Buttler, 
grandson Newcomb Blake, and others. Chil- 
dren of first wife: i. Andrew, born about 
1640; mentioned below. 2. Susannah, mar- 
ried Philip Blake, of Boston; second, 

Prichett, or Pritchard. Child of second wife: 
3. Grace, born October 20, 1664, in Boston ; 
married James Butler; (second) April 15, 
1692, Andrew Rankin. 

(II) Lieutenant Andrew (2), son of Cap- 
tain Andrew (i) Newcomb, was born prob- 
ably in England, about 1640. He was doubt- 
less living at or near the isle of Shoals in 1666. 
The earliest record of his purchase of land in 
this country bears date April 20, 1669, in 
which it appears that Andrew Newcomb of 
Kittery, York county, Maine, fisherman, 
bought a house in Kittery and six acres of 
land ; sold this July 7, 1674, to John Cutt, of 
Portsmouth. The place is still in Kittery, 
about half a mile north of Portsmouth, and 
is owned and occupied (1874) by Miss Sally 
Carter. Andrew Newcomb was constable in 
1671, at the isle of Shoals. He removed about 
1675, and settled in Edgartown, Massachu- 
setts, where he was a proprietor, and at vari- 
ous times received shares in the division of 

lands in the town. He served as juror several 
times ; constable 1681 ; selectman 1693 ; over- 
seer 1693 ; assessor 1695. He was chosen lieu- 
tenant April 13, 1 69 1, and the same year was 
in command of the fortification. He owned 
the land on which the court house now stands, 
in the village of Edgartown. He died some- 
time between March 7, 1703-04, and October 
22, 1708. He married (first) about 1661, 

Sarah , died about 1674; (second) in 

1676, in Edgartown, Anna Bayes, born about 
1658, daughter of Captain Thomas and Anna 
( Baker ) Bayes. She survived her husband 
about twenty-five years, dying in 1731, aged 
about seventy-three. Children of first wife: 

I. Simeon, born about 1662; sometimes also 
written Simon ; resided in Eastham, now 
Truro, Massachusetts. 2. Andrew, born about 
1664; died June, 1687. 3. Simon, born 1666; 
mentioned below. 4. Thomas, born about 
1668; married Elizabeth Cook. 5. Sarah, 
born about 1670; married, January 9, 1690- 
91, Joshua Conant. 6. Mary, or Mercy, born 
about 1672; married, October 4, 1694, Cap- 
tain Thomas Lumbert, of Barnstable. 7. 
Peter, born about 1674 ; married Mercy Smith. 
Children of second wife: 8. Anna, born 1677; 
married Lieutenant Matthew Mayhew, of 
Edgartown; died April 16, 1723. 9. Eliza- 
beth, born about 1681 ; married, March 5, 
1 699- 1 700, Captain John Atkins, of Eastham. 
10. Joseph, born 1683 ; married Joyce Butler. 

II. Emblem, born about 1685; married, April 
8, 1703, Samuel Atkins. 12. Tabitha, born 
about 1688; married Peter Ray. 13. Hannah, 
born about 1694; married, October 14, 1714, 
Thomas Dumary. 14. Zerviah, born 1698- 
99; married, November 2, 1716, Josiah Bearse. 
15. Mary, born about 1700; married, June 13, 
1728, Jonathan Pease, of Edgartown. 

(Ill) Simon, son of Andrew (2) Newcomb, 
was born about 1666, probably at Kittery, 
Maine. He went with his parents to the Isle 
of .Shoals, and thence to Edgartown, where 
he lived until 1713, removing then to Leba- 
non, Connecticut, where he lived until his 
death, January 20, 1744-5, in his seventy- 
ninth year. He was a proprietor of Edgar- 
town, and owned several shares in the island 
of Chappaquiddick, where he kept large num- 
bers of catde and sheep. He owned land in 
Tisbury, and his name appears frequently in 
real estate transactions there, and a path 
there is still known as "Simon Newcomb's 
Path." His first purchase of land at Leba- 
non was of Mary and Israel Phelps, Septem- 
ber 26, 171 T, about 160 acres on the east side 



of the town, with buildings, orchards, gar- 
dens, fences, fencing stuff and fruit trees 
thereon, also fifty acres common right, and 
thirty acres common at the village. The farm 
is situated on the south side of Windham 
road, near Phelps Hill. He took the free- 
man's oath at Lebanon, and was elected high- 
way surveyor in 1714; grand juryman 1718; 
fence viewer 1741 ; appointed guardian to Ca- 
leb Jones in 172 1 ; was also a member of var- 
ious committees on town affairs. His will 
was dated July 23, 1741, and recorded March 
17, 1745. He died January 20, 1744-5, in 
his seventy-ninth year. He married Deborah 
. who died June 17, 1756, in her ninety- 
second ^•ear. Their graves are marked by 
stones. Children: i. John, born about 1688- 
9; married Alice Lumbert. 2. Thomas, born 
1691-2: married (first) Eunice Manning; 
(second) Judith Woodworth. 3. Hezekiah, 
born 1693-4; mentioned below. 4. Obadiah, 

born 1695 ; married (first) Abigail ; 

(second) Mrs. i\Iary Post. 5. Deborah, born 
1696-7 ; married Captain Timothy Hatch. 6. 
Sarah, born about 1698; married, January 13, 
1719-20, Ebenezer Nye. 7. Benjamin, born 
about 1700; married Hannah Clark. 8. 
Elizabeth, born 1701-2; married, April 20, 
1721, Ebenezer Wright. 9. Simon, born 
about 1705 ; married (first) Jerusha Lathrop ; 
(second) Jane Worth. 

(I\') Hezekiah, son of Simon Newcomb, 
was born in Edgartown, Martha's Vineyard, 
in 1693-4, and removed at the age of ten with 
his parents to Lebanon, Connecticut. He 
learned the trade of carpenter and joiner, 
probablv at New London, where he joined 
the church and was baptized December 25, 
1716. At the time of his marriage he settled 
in Lebanon, and was admitted to the church 
March 22, 1719, his wife on November 20, 
1720. He took the freeman's oath and held 
various town offices. He made no less than 
tw^elve purchases of land in Lebanon, and 
also became a proprietor of the town of Fall- 
town, now Bernardstown, Massachusetts, 
which he deeded to his grandson Hezekiah 
Newcomb, of Lebanon, for good-will and ef- 
fection. He never lived there, though his 
■sons Silas and Peter were there four or five 
years. Later some of his grandsons settled 
there. He was a very pious man, and said to 
have been a deacon in the church. It is re- 
lated that Submit (Downer) Newcomb. wife 
of his son James, said that "during the whole 
time of her having ten children in his (Heze- 
kiah's) house, she never heard him speak an 

angry word. The whole day long he would 
most always have his Bible in his hands." He 
died suddenly August 15, 1772. His will was 
dated August 30, 1770, and proved Septem- 
ber I, 1772. The inventory included "a pare 
of Silver Shue Buckles, one pare of Gould 
Buttens, one firelock, one Sword, 3cwt. of to- 
baco. Grate Bible, etc." The gold buttons 
mentioned were doubtless the ones worn by 
him at his first marriage, which were owned 
afterward by his grandson John, son of Silas, 
who transformed them a hundred years after- 
ward into a Masonic emblem now or lately 
owned by Daniel R. Strong, of LeRoy, New 
York. He married (first) November 14, 
1716, Jerusha Bradford, baptized in Nor- 
wich May 28, 1693, died November 5, 1739, 
daughter of Thomas and Anne (Smith) 
Bradford, granddaughter of Major William 
and Alice (Richards) Bradford, and great- 
granddaughter of Governor William and 
Alice (Carpenter Southworth) Bradford. All 
the descendants of Hezekiah and Jerusha 
Newcomb are eligible to membership in the 
Mayfiower Society. He married (second) in 

1741, Hannah . who after his death 

lived several years with her stepson, Peter 
Newcomb, and died in 1794, in what is now 
Columbia, Connecticut. Children, all by first 
wife: I. Silas, born September 2, 1717; mar- 
ried Submit Pineo. 2. Peter, born Novem- 
ber 28, 1718: mentioned below. 3. Anne, 

born March 4, 1720; married Smith. 

4. Hezekiah, born December 27, 1722; died 
young. 5. Thomas, born September 3, 
1724; married Ann Hibbard. 6. Jerusha, born 
March 24, 1726; married Ezra Cleveland. 7. 
Elizabeth, born December 19, 1727; married, 
April 21, 1747, John Barstow ; died July 31, 
1801. 8. Samuel, born September 2, 1729; 
died September 9, T748. 9. Jemima, born 

December 14, 1730, married (first) 

Lamb; (second) June 12. 1755, Joseph I-Cinne. 
10. James, born February 7. 1732-3 ; married 
Mrs. Submit (Downer) Davis. 

(V) Peter, son of Hezekiah Newcomb. 
was born in Lebanon. November 28, 1718, 
and baptized January 20 following. He set- 
tled in F'alltown, now Bernardston, Massa- 
chusetts, and was on a committee September 
23, 1741, for building a bridge over Fall riv- 
er. He bought land there in addition to his 
original lot, but was compelled to abandon 
his home on account of Indian hostilities 
four or five years later. He returned to Leh 
anon in 1744-5. and settled two miles east of 
the present village of Columbia, on the road 



to Windham. The liouse which he built stood 
on the north side of the road and a few rods 
east of the cross roads leading to Hartford. 
A barn stands near the site of the house. 
The well still yields an abundance of water. 
Peter Newcomb was a carpenter and cabinet 
maker, and a chest of drawers which he made 
is still in possession of his descendants. He 
owned a large amount of real estate. He was 
surveyor of highways 1748; tax collector 
1753; assessor 1760: assessor and surveyor 
1761 ; surveyor 1766 and 1772; hayward 1777. 
He was a member of the Lebanon Church. 
His will was dated September 9, 1779, and 
proved October 11 following. He died Sep- 
tember 26, 1779. His gravestone bears the 
following sentiment. "He was Beloved in 
Life & Lamented at Death he bore his Dying 
Pains with Christian Patience & Left the 
World in the Comfortable Hope of a Blessed 

"Behold the place 
Where I repose my head 
And where I rest 
Till Christ shall raise the dead." 

He married, November 2, 1740, Hannah 
English, born September 19, 1722, died Janu- 
ary 9, 1796, daughter of Richard and Mary 
English. Rev. Eleazer Wheelock, afterwards 
first president of Dartmouth College, per- 
formed the ceremony. Children: i. Phebe, 
born in Falltown, September 15, 1741 ; mar- 
ried, November 15, 1759, Captain Nathaniel 
Cushman; died July 15, 1785. 2. Hezekiah, 
born May 6, 1747; mentioned below. 3. 
Samuel, born October 23, 1749; married Mary 
Crandall. 4. William, born March 19, 1752; 
married Elizabeth Connable. 5. Jemima, 
born October 24, 1756; married, 1788, Cap- 
tain Gideon Clark; died October 13. 1844. 6. 
Joseph, born ]\Iay 3, 1762; married Elizabeth 

(VI) Hezekiah (2), son of Peter New- 
comb, was born May 6, 1747, in Lebanon, at 
the homestead, and died January 25, 1821. A 
number of years before his marriage he lived 
with his grandfather, Hezekiah Newcomb. He 
was executor of his father's will in 1779. He 
removed to Bernardston before December 6, 
1773. when he was a freeholder of that place-. 
He was on a committee to plan the pews of 
the meeting house and to seat the meeting. In 
June, 1776, he was employed by the town to 
hire three men for nine months to serve in 
the Continental army. He was justice of the 
peace many years, selectman and assessor four 
years, town treasurer two years, deputy to 

the general court three years. He married, 
September 15, 1768, Lydia Hunt, born in Nor- 
wich, January 20, 1750, died in Bernardston, 
March 19, 1834, daughter of Thomas and 
Mary (Smith) Hunt. Children: I. Heze- 
kiah, born June 12, 1769; mentioned below. 2. 
Richard English, born October 31, 1770; mar- 
ried Phebe Cushman; (second) Mrs. Mary 
(Warren) Lyman; (third) Mrs. Elizabeth 
( \^'oodbridge) Hunt. 3. Lydia, born Septem- 
ber 24, 1772; married, September 24, 1801, 
Cotton Graves; died October 22, 1837. 4. 
Sarah, born August 8, 1774; married Hon. 
Samuel C. Allen; died January 22, 1797. 5. 
William, born June 18, 1776; married Mary 
Purple. 6. Mary, born May 5, 1778; died un- 
married, May I, 1843. 7- Jemima Harriet, 
born January 10, 1780; married, September 
19, 1802, David Carpenter; died September 
I, 1828. 8. Peter, born October 3, 1781 ; mar- 
ried (first) Abigail Parmenter; (second) 
Tirzah Smead; (third) Sarah Cushman. 9. 
Dalton, born December 26, 1783; married 
(first) Harriet Wells; (second) Caroline 
Wells. 10. Horatio Gates, born September 
27, 1785; married (first) Maria Pratt; (sec- 
ond) Almira Wells. 11. Sophronia, born 
January 10, 1788: married, February 14, 1815, 
Rufus Graves; died August 23, 1838. 12. 
Charles Jarvis, born April 29, 1790; married 
Philena Scott. 13. Zebina Curtis, born Au- 
gust 25, 1791 ; married (first) Martha Lydia 
Goodale ; (second) Mrs. Sarah (Lawrence) 

(VII) Hon. Hezekiah (3) Newcomb, son 
of Hezekiah (2) Newcomb, was born June 12, 
1769, in Lebanon, in the part now Columbia, 
on the homestead. When young he removed 
with his parents to Bernardston, Massachu- 
setts. He settled on a farm in the western 
part of the town, now the town of Leyden, 
where he died August 19, 1844. He married, 
at Bernardston, Ruth Burnhani, born Decem- 
ber 6. 1766, died April 9, 1846. He was a 
justice of the peace over thirty years, and rep- 
resentative to the general court more than 
twenty years. Children: i. Matilda, born 
May 10, 1790; married, March 6, 1810, Elijah 
Fuller; died May 11, 1862. 2. Hezekiah, 
born February 27, 1792; married Nancy A. 
Rounds. 3. Cooley, born November 13, 1793; 
married Lectania Bullock. 4. Rosalinda, born 
May 22, 1796; married, ]\Iay 20, 1816, Daniel 
Perry Rounds. 5. Theodore, born March 10, 
1798; married Mary Carman. 6. Sarah, born 
June 24, 1800; married, January i, 1826, 
Origin Hill; died November 4, 1856. 7. John 



Adams, born September 8, 1802; married 
Louisa Mima Rounds. 8. Maria Ruth, born 
January 6, 1805; married, Marcli 16, 1826, 
Almond Clark; died October 8, 1851. 9. 
Thomas Jefferson, born January 16, 1807; 
mentioned below. 10. James Madison, born 
March 7, 1809; died February 12, 1812. 11. 
Sophronia, born November 23, 181 1 ; died un- 
married, October 7, 1838. 

(\TII ) Thomas Jeft'erson, son of Hezekiah 
(3) Newcomb, was born in Leyden, Massa- 
chusetts, January 16, 1807, and died in ]\Iarch 
1886. He was educated in the public schools, 
and settled in Leyden, where he succeeded to 
the homestead of his father. In 1870 he re- 
moved to the adjoining town of Bernards- 
ton, where he spent the remainder of his 
days. He was a prosperous farmer and use- 
ful citizen. In his later years he was a trav- 
eling salesman. He and his wife were de- 
voted members of the Methodist church. He 
was a Republican in politics. He married, 
November zy, 1832, Euphemia S. Grennell, 
born in Leyden, F'ebruary 14, 1813, died Sep- 
tember 8, 183.4.: (second) March 8, 1835, Re- 
becca S. Hitchcock, born in New York, Feb- 
ruarv 22, 1814. daughter of David and Lvdia 
(Roberts) Hitchcock. She died in 1886. Child 
of first wife: i. Ruth Survitor, born Novem- 
ber 30, 1833 ; died December 1898 ; resided at 
Easthampton, Massachusetts, and Lansing, 
IMichigan ; married October, 1859, Amasa S. 
Cowles, of Goshen, Massachusetts ; child : 
Clark Willis Cowles. Children of second 
wife : 2. Sarah Eliza, born February 23, 
1836; married, September 7. 1856. George 
Harrison, son of David and Lydia (Barber) 
Bixby, born in Haverhill. New Hampshire, 
]\Iarch 12, 1827, a mechanic: resided in New 
Britain, Connecticut, and in Bernardston, on 
the H. W. Hale farm ; child : Eleanor Lydia 
Bixby, born .\pril 4, 1859, married Hendrick 
A. Slate. 3. Son, born and died February 16, 
1838. 4. Lydia Sophronia. born June 8, 
1839: married. May 9. 1861, Joel Hudson 
Nash, a farmer, born at Greenfield, Massa- 
chusetts. July 31, 1827: resided at Leyden. 5. 
Rosalinda Maria, born July 27, 1841 : died 
September 9, 1842. fi. Ellen Maria, born 
September zj, 1843: died December 2^. 1845. 
7. Daughter, born November 12, 1845: died 
December 4, following. 8. .-Mma Ella, born 
November 27, 1847 : died unmarried, June 23, 
1870. 9. Thomas Hezekiah, liorn June 3. 
1849 ; resides at Shelton, Connecticut : super- 
intendent of Derby Silver Company : mar- 
ried, October 14. 1873, Elsie B. Taylor. 10. 

Eugene Adelbert, born November 17, 1851; 
partner in Sheldon & Newcomb, dealers in 
hardware: treasurer of Franklin county;, 
water commissioner of the town, a leading 
citizen : married, ]\Iay 10, 1873, Hannah, 
daughter of W^illiam Deakin, of Greenfield, 
born in Sheffield, England, January 23, 1853. 
Children : i. William Jefferson, born January 

12, 1874, resides at Shelton; ii. Edith Ther- 
esa, born August i, 1875 ; iii. Eugene Robert, 
born December 4, 1882: Rebecca. 11. Elwyn 
Dwight, born March 13, 1854: mentioned be- 
low. 12. Estella Rebecca, born September 
19. 1857: married 1883, Edward Wells: she 
(lied in 1885. 

(IN) Elwyn Dwight, son of Thomas Jef- 
ferson Newcomb, was born in Leyden, March 

13, 1854. He was educated in the public 
schools. .\t the age of twelve years he be- 
gan to work on his father's farm in Leyden, 
and worked at farming during his youth. 
When he was twenty years old he engaged 
in the grocery business in Chicopee, coming 
to Holyoke two years later and continuing 
in the grocery business there ; built up a large 
and flourishing trade and became one of the 
leading merchants of the city. He retired in 
1898, and made his home in South Hadley 
Falls, ^Massachusetts. In politics he is a Re- 
iniblican. but has never sought public office. 
In religion he is a Congregationalist. He 
married Jennie Belle Smith, born November 
22, 1858, daughter of Hiram and Harriette 
Sophia Coney Smith (see Smith family). Chil- 
dren : I. Ruby Harriette Newcomb, born 
Julv 2J. 1892. 2. Ruth Belle Newcomb, born 
January 6, 1897. 

is compounded of two Nor- 
RL'SSELL man and French words — roz, 

castle, and el, a synonym for 
eau, water. The name was first given to a 
castle in 1045 i" 'ower Normandy, and im- 
plied a tower or castle by the water. Hugh, 
son of \\'illiam Bertrand, was invested with 
this strong hold and took its name, calling 
himself Hugh Rozel, from which came Rosel, 
Rousel, and the present orthography. The 
Bertrand ancestry is traceable as far back as 
the seventh century, to the Norwegian Zarls, 
to Rerick. the first King of Normandy, down 
through King Harold, who reigned there in 
883. William Bertrand and his sons Roger, 
Hugh, Theobold and Richard, accompanied 
William on his first expedition to England, 
and received large grants of the public domain 
confiscated from the subjugated Saxons. 



These were the founders of the Enghsh Rus- 
sels. John Russell, who lived in the sixteenth 
century, was of this descent, a son of James, 
in the west of England. He rose in favor 
with Henry VHI, held many offices, and ^yas 
one of Henry's executors. Upon the accession 
of Edward VI he continued near to the throne 
and distinguished himself at St. Mary's Cyst, 
and was created Earl of Bedford. The 
fourth Earl of Bedford was a Georgian 
statesman, and Lord John Russell was 
premier of England in 1846 and again 
in 1865. William H. Russell, the famed war 
correspondent, known as "Bull Run" Russell, 
is another of the name and lineage. In this 
country we have had the Hon. John E. Rus- 
sell, and William A. Russell, Massachusetts 
congressmen, and Governor William E. Rus- 
sell. The armorial bearings of the Russells 
was: Crest: a demi Hon, rampant, collared 
sable, studded or, holding a cross of the shield. 
Conspicuous representatives appear in the pro- 
fessions, in civil affairs and in the annals of 

(I) Robert Russell, by tradition from Scot- 
land, was the immigrant ancestor of a numer- 
ous and distinguished family of New England 
and several western states. He was born in 
1630, and is found of record at Andover, 
Massachusetts, as early as July 6, 1659, when 
he married Mary, daughter of Captain Thom- 
as, of Lynn. He lived in the part of Andover 
known many years as Scotland District, where 
he died December 3, 1710, aged eighty years, 
being the first to be interred in the South Par- 
ish burying grounds. His farm was near Holt 
Hill, the early homestead of the Holt family 
of Andover, and he seems to have been a large 
land holder, and in the deeds where he ap- 
pears as grantor or grantee the land is de- 
scribed as a part of Scotland farm. He lived 
for a short time in Billerica before moving to 
Andover. His name was on a petition to the 
general court from the last named town re- 
questing the allotment of additional land. In 
April, 1664, he served on a coroner's jury and 
in the signature to the verdict he made his 
mark. This is said to have been the first 
coroner's inquest held in this country. He 
took the oath of allegiance and fidelity Febru- 
ary II, i6g8. and is of record as a freeman 
in i6gi. His wife, who was baptized in 1642, 
died January 16, i/ifi. Children: i. Mary, 
married Nicholas Holt. 2. Thomas, lived in 
Andover, and was father of Robert, of Read- 
ing, Massachusetts, and Peter, of Litchfield, 
New Hampshire. 3. James, mentioned be- 

low. 4. Joseph, died young. 5. Sarah, mar- 
ried John Ingalls. 6. Benjamin. 7. Hannah, 
married Oliver Holt. 8. John, married Sarah 
Chandler. 9. Elizabeth, wife of Moses Holt. 
10. Robert, died a soldier in the garrison at 
Great Island. 

(II) James, second son of Robert and Mary 
(Alarshall) Russell, was born September 16, 
1667, in Andover and succeeded his father on 
the homestead, where he died I\Iarch 7, 1717. 
He married, December 18, 1707, Priscilla Os- 
good, born April i, 1681, in Andover, daugh- 
ter of Christopher and Hannah (Barker) Os- 
good. She married (second) January 31, 
1722, John Eaton, of Reading, who died in 
1727. She returned to Andover, where she 
died a few years later. Children of James 
Russell: i. James, born 1710; married Lucy 
Farrer : lived in Ash ford and Willington, Con- 
necticut, and about 1770 moved to Walpole, 
New Hampshire, where he died October 8, 
1784. 2. Mary, married Samuel Appleton, of 
Haverhill. 3.. Priscilla, died young. 4. 
Thomas, mentioned below. 5. Priscilla, mar- 
ried Edward Kirkham, of Reading. 6. Aquil- 
la, died young. 

(HI) Thomas, second son of James and 
Priscilla (Osgood) Russell, was born June 18, 
1714, in Andover, and is called Dr. Russell in 
the old annals of .\ndover. He was, however, 
a farmer, rather than a physician, and the title 
was probably given him in recognition of his 
knowledge of the properties and skill in the 
use of medicinal herbs. He died in 1753. He 
married, April 15, 1742, Abigail Ballard, born 
.August 17, 1718, daughter of Uriah and Eliz- 
abeth (Henshaw) Ballard of Andover. Chil- 
dren: I. Uriah, mentioned below. 2. Thomas, 
born 1747. 3. Elizabeth, twin of Thomas, 
married Gideon Foster, of Andover. 4. 
James, born 1749, probably died young. 5. 
Abigail, born 1750, married Henry Williams, 
of Salem, Massachusetts. 6. Priscilla, born 
1751, died unmarried, 1842; she was a famous 
nurse, whose good works and garden of herbs 
are still remembered by many aged relatives. 

(IV) Uriah, eldest child of Thomas and 
Abigail (Ballard) Russell, was born 1743, in 
.\ndover, and died there November 9, 1822. 
He probably inherited the original homestead, 
as it was occupied by his son, Deacon Joel, 
further mentioned below. He married, Au- 
gust 15, 1771, Lydia Abbott, born March 7, 
1745, daughter of Barachias and Hannah 
(Holt) Abbott, of x\ndover. She was an ex- 
cellent woman, and died July 10, 1829. Chil- 
dren : I. LTriah, born 1772. 2. Thomas, 1775, 



died young. 3. Lydia, died young. 4. James, 
1778, lived in Maine. 5. Thomas, twin of 
James ; married Abigail Bell ; lived in Andover 
and later removed to Albany, Maine. 6. Har- 
riet, 1780, wife of Nathan Abbott, of An- 
dover. 7. Lydia, 1785, married Joseph Faulk- 
ner. 8. Joel, mentioned below. 9. Abiel, 
1789 ; soldier and pensioner of the war of 
1812; married Sarah (Ballard) Abbott, and 
died in 1881. 

(V) Deacon Joel, fifth son of Uriah and 
Lydia (Abbott) Russell, was born 1787, in 
Andover, and lived and died on the home- 
stead first owned by the imigrant, Robert Rus- 
sell, which has been owned continuously by 
the latter's descendants. At considerable ex- 
pense for the time, he erected a commodious 
house thereon. He was a good neighbor and 
a useful townsman, noted for his high charac- 
ter, and died July 22, 1871. He married, April 
18, 1805, in Middleton, Massachusetts, Sallie 
Curtis, born October 16, 1782, daughter of 
Israel and Elizabeth Wilkins Curtis, of that 
town. She was noted for her pious character, 
and died February 6, 1857. Children: i. 
Uriah, born 1805, lived in Holyoke, Massa- 
chusetts, and died in 1830. 2. Sallie. 1806; 
married Ebenezer Jenkins. 3. Joel, mention- 
ed below. 4. Ammon, 1810 ; married Abigail 
Spear, and died in Andover, 1894. 5. Levi, 
1812; married Zorah Bailey, and died in Bid- 
deford, Maine. 6. Israel Curtis, married Isa- 
bel, daughter of Thomas and I^Iary (Gray) 
Emery of Biddeford, Maine. 8. Phoebe, 1818, 
married a Chandler, of Andover. 9. Samuel, 
1820, lived in Haverhill, Massachusetts. 10. 
Amos, 1S24, lived in West Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts. II. James, 1826. died unmarried. 
12. Henry Warren, 1828. 

(VI) Joel (2), son of Deacon Joel (i) and 
Sally Russell, was born in Andover. He 
learned the machinist's trade, and when a 
young man removed to Manchester, New 
Hampshire, then a small manufacturing city, 
and became superintendent of the machine 
shop. .Afterward he located in Biddeford, 
Maine, and later took up his abode in Hol- 
voke, Massachusetts, where he was a promi- 
nent townsman. .\ Republican in politics ; 
he held the office of selectman by repeated 
elections, and served the town in that capaci- 
ty during the exciting period of the civil war. 
All his public acts were dictated by a sense 
of loyality to the nation in the struggle 
through which it was passing, and he was 
instrumental in raising and equipping re- 
cruits. He married IMary Poore, of Exeter, 

New Hampshire, who possessed the highest 
womanly qualities. Children : Mary Ann, 
married John Q. Adams, a well known Bidde- 
ford lawyer; Robert, who is successfully en- 
gaged in the hardware business in Holyoke ; 
and George A., mentioned below. 

(VII) George A., youngest son of Joel (2) 
and Mary (Poore) Russell, was born in Man- 
chester, New Hampshire, December 16, 1847. 
His education was gained in the public 
schools of Holyoke, whither his people re- 
moved when he was two years of age. He 
entered Williston Seminary at Easthampton, 
from which he was graduated in 1866. His 
first employment was in an envelope factory 
as a bookkeeper. In a few years the con- 
cern was transferred to Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, Mr. Russell going with them. The 
business vi^as eventually absorbed by the Un- 
ion Envelope Company, and was known as 
the National Papeterie Company and capi- 
talized at $100,000, and Mr. Russell was 
made its first president and treasurer. The 
company did business in leased quarters on 
Hillman street, but soon outgrew these ac- 
commodations and erected commodious fac- 
tories at the juncture of Ouincy, Orlean 
and Tyler streets, for the conduct of its grow- 
ing needs. It gives employment to two hun- 
dred persons and keeps fifteen salesmen on 
the road. Its output is papeterie and fancy 
goods. To Mr. Russell is given a large share 
of the credit for the success of this gigantic 
enterprise. Also, Mr. Russell is president of 
the Blake Manufacturing Company, giving 
employment to two hundred persons ; of the 
Warwick Cycle Company, with a capital of 
$200,000, employing three hundred skilled 
workmen ; of the Rush Cutlery Company, 
furnishing work for fifty persons. Also he 
was president of the Springfield Envelope 
Company until its absorption by the trusts. 
Likewise he organized and was a director in 
the National Envelope Company of Milwau- 
kee, which had a daily capacity of three mil- 
lion envelopes. In addition he has been a 
director in the Platner & Porter Manufactur- 
ing Company of Unionville, Connecticut, and 
of the Rowland Falls Pulp Company of How- 
land, Maine, which turns out sulphite pulp. 

In politics he is a Republican, and has 
served Ward Five on the board of alderman 
at two different elections, the last of_ which he 
was honored with the office of president. In 
church affairs he has been active, being a loy- 
al member of the State Street Baptist Church 
in which he has served as deacon and super- 



intendent of the Sabbath school. Also he 
has been president of the Young Men's 
Christian Association, in which he has always 
evinced an abiding interest, and contributed 
liberally toward its support. He is a public 
spirited man, a whole-souled giver, and takes 
a deep pride in the splendid growth of his 
adopted citv. He married, in 1867, Abbie 
Sophia .\llen, of Holyoke, and they are the 
parents of five children: Mary Evangeline, 
married W. W. Tapley ; .Vrthur (deceased); 
Irving S., married Florence Ikigbee; Marion, 
died in infancy : Gertrude, resides at home. 

(For preceding generations see Benjamin Cooley 1). 

(HI) Daniel (2), son of Dan- 
COOLEY iel (i) and EHzabeth (Wol- 
cott) Cooley, was born March 
23, 1683. He first settled in Enfield, where 
the births of his first five children were re- 
corded, and afterward removed to \\'est 
Springfield. November 7, 1710, he married 
Jemima Clark, who died October 29, 1732. 
Children: i. Daniel, born September 11, 
1711. 2. Jemima, Januarys, 1713. 3. Eliza- 
beth, July 28, 1714; died July 30, 1742. 4. 
Ann, April 20, 1716. 5. Noah, October 12, 
1718. 6. i\lary, September 20, 1720. 7. 
Thomas, February 13, 1723. 8. Sarah, May 
25, 1725; died March 3, 1765. 9. Azuma, 
October 7, 1728. 

(IV) Daniel (3), son of Daniel (2) and 
Jemima (Clark) Cooley, was born September 
II, 171 1 ; married Frances ]\IcKintree ; one 
son, William ; perhaps other children. 

(V) Captain William, son of Daniel (3) 
and Frances (McKintree) Cooley, was born 
March 17. 1736: died April 14, 1825. He 
settled in Granville. Massachusetts, where he 
organized a military company for service in 
the revolutionary war. His commission as 
captain, issued April 26, 1776, signed by Perez 
Morton, secretary, assigns him to the Fifth 
Company, Third Regiment, Hampshire county 
militia, John Moseley, colonel. November zj, 
1759, he married Sarah Mather, born Novem- 
ber 26. 1734. died December 2, 1822, daughter 
of Timothy Mather, of Windsor, Connecticut, 
and a descendant of Rev. Richard Mather 
(see forward). The children of this union 
were: \. Sarah, born 1762. 2. William, 1763. 
3. Abigail, May 3, 1765. 4. Triphena, May 
8. 1767. 5. Dorothy, April 22, 1768. 6. Tim- 
othy IMather, D. D. 7. Alexander, May 2, 
1775. 8. James, December 2, 1779. 

Timothy IMather, son of Rev. Richard 
Mather (q. v.), was born in Liverpool, Eng- 

land, in 1628; died in Dorchester, Massachu- 
setts, January 14, 1684. Being the only son of 
Richard who was not a preacher, he is called 
the "Mather farmer". His first wife was Cath- 
erine, daughter of ^lajor-General Humphrey 
Atherton ; his second wife, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Amiel Weeks. Children: i. Rev. Sam- 
uel. 2. Richard, born December 22, 1653. 3. 
Catherine, January 6, 1655-6. 4. Nathaniel, 
September 2, 1658. 5. Joseph, May 25, 1661. 
6. Atherton, < October 4, 1663. 

Rev. Samuel, son of Timothy Mather, was 
born in Dorchester, July 5, 1650: died in 
Windsor, Connecticut. March 18, 1727-8. He 
was graduated from Harvard in 167 1 ; became 
pastor of churches in Deerfield, Massachu- 
setts: Milford and Branford, Connecticut, and 
in 1682 was called to the church in Windsor, 
Connecticut, where he resided the rest of his 
life. In 1700 he was one of the ten principal 
ministers of Connecticut chosen by general 
consent of the clergy to be the founders of 
Yale College. He married Hannah, daughter 
of Governor Robert Treat. Children: i. 
Samuel, born 1677. 2. Hannah, September, 
1862. 3. Rev. Azariah, August 29, 1685. 4. 
Ebenezer, September 3, 1687. 5. Joseph, 
March 6. 1698. 6. Elizabeth, January 12, 
1691. 7. Rev. Nathaniel, May 30, 1695. 8. 
Benjamin, September 29, 1696. 10. John, 
September 22, 1699. 

Dr. Samuel JNIather, of Windsor, son of 
Rev. Samuel, was born 1677, died February 
6. 1746. He was graduated from Harvard in 
1698, and in 1702 was licensed to practice 
medicine by the general assembly. He was 
noted as a jihysician and a scholar, and held 
many civil and military offices. His first wife 
was Abigail, daughter of .Samuel Grant, 
granddaughter of Matthew Grant ; he married 
(second) Hannah, daughter of Nicholas Buck- 
land. Children: i. Eliakim, born February 
ID. 1705. 2. Samuel, M. D., January 6. 1706. 
3. Timothy. 4. Abigail. September i, 1714. 

5. Nathaniel. August 8. 1716. 6. Joseph, May 
31. 1718. 7. Charles. February 16, 1720. 8. 
.Mjigail (2d), March 6. 1 72 1. 9. Hannah, 
August 12, 1727. 10. Lucy, February 18, 
1729. 11. Elizabeth, January 22, 1731. 12. 
Eliakim, September 26, 1732. 

Timo^thy Mather, son of Dr. Samuel, was 
born in W'indsor, April 23, 1710, died April 

6, 1752. He was a lifelong resident of Wind- 
sor. He married Sarah Marshall: children: 
I. Sarah. 2. Dorothy, born 1740. 3. Cotton, 
1745. Sarah, daughter of Timothy and Sarah 



(Marshall) Mather, married Captain William 
Cooley, as previously stated. 

(VI) Rev. Timothy Mather Cooley, D. D., 
son of Captain William and Sarah (Mather) 
Cooley, was born in Granville. Massachu- 
setts, March 13, 177.2. A serious illness in 
his childhood incapacitated him for the ardu- 
ous life of a farmer, and possessing a natural 
desire for learning he mastered the Latin 
grammar in his boyhood without the aid of 
an instructor. Having prepared for college 
under the direction of a private tutor, he was 
graduated from Yale in 1792. The succeed- 
ing two years he devoted to teaching schools 
in New Haven and Litchfield, Connecticut, 
and then began the study of theology with 
Rev. Charles Backus, D. D., of Somers, that 
state. He was licensed to preach by the as- 
sociation of Xew Heaven county in 1795. Re- 
ceiving simultaneous calls to Congregational 
pastorates in Salisbury, Connecticut, and 
East Granville, [Massachusetts, he chose the 
latter, and was ordained February 7, 1798. 
The church in East Granville was the only 
pastoral charge he ever held, and he retained 
it for a period of fifty-eight years. A man of 
strong convictions and possessing an earnest 
desire for the betterment of his fellow-men. 
he availed himself of every opportunity to 
advocate the suppression of wrong-doing, 
both in his own state and the country at large 
and in matters relative to religion, morality 
and politics he exercised a far-reaching influ- 
ence. In connection with his pastoral labors 
he conducted a preparatory school in which 
he fitted eight hundred boys for college. He 
was the first vice-president of Williams Col- 
lege. His homestead in Granville was lo- 
cated upon land previously owned by Cotton 
Mather, his uncle, and is still in the family's 
possession. Rev. Dr. Timothy blather Coo- 
ley died December 14. 1859. May 14. 1796, 
he married Content Chapman, born in Gran- 
ville, April 29, 1776, daughter of Isaac and 
Ruth (Roljinson) Chapman. She was a de- 
scendant in the eighth generation of Robert 
Chapman of Saybrook, Connecticut, the im- 
migrant, through John (2), Joseph (3), Levi 
(4)'; Levi (3), Levi (6), Isaac (7). Isaac Chap- 
man (7), born May 9, 1747. entered the Con- 
tinental army in 1776, and died of camp fev- 
er at Ticonderoga the year. He was in the 
company of Granville volunteers commanded 
bv Captain William Cooley. father of Rev. 
Dr. Timothy Cooley. Children of Rev. Tim- 
othy Mather Cooley: i. Timothy Chapman, 
born Alarch 5. 1797. 2. Isaac Augustus, De- 

cember 12, 1798. 3. William Bates, August 
14, 1800. 4. Eliza Content, June 28, 1802. 
5. Phineas Robinson, June 14, 1804. 6. Har- 
riet, July 10, 1806. 7. Susannah Robinson, 
August 8, 181 1. 8. Samuel Mather; see for- 
ward. 9. Jane Ruth, August 11, 1815. 10. 
Mary Ann Bates July 13, 1817. 

(\TI) Samuel Mather Cooley, son of Rev. 
Dr. Timothy M. and Content (Chapman) 
Coolev, was born in Granville, September 12, 
18 1 3. Having prepared himself for a busi- 
ness life he became a successful merchant in 
western New York ; later going to New Or- 
leans, Louisiana, he carried on business in 
that city for a number of years. Upon his 
return north he became associated with the 
firm of Spellman Brothers at Albany, New 
York, and later conducted a grocery business 
in Pittstield, Massachusetts. Politically he 
acted with the Republican party. In his re- 
ligious belief he was a Congregationalist. He 
died in Pittsfield, July 14, 1887. He married, 
December 2, 1850, Elmira Louisa Tillotson, 
born on April 21, 1831, daughter of Timothy 
Cooley and Susan (Chester) Tillotson, who 
were married February 22, 1827. She is a de- 
scendant of John Tillotson of Yorkshire, who 
arrived at Boston from Southampton in the 
ship "James" in 1635, locating first in Row- 
ley, Massachusetts, later in Newbury, Massa- 
chusetts, and finally settled in Saybrook, Con- 
necticut. Timothy Cooley Tillotson was son 
of Abel and Sarah (Cooley) Tillotson ; Sarah 
Cooley was daughter of Captain William 
Coolev (5) previously mentioned. Mrs. El- 
mira L. Cooley is a niece of Rev. Eliphalet 
Nott, D. D., the first president of Union Col- 
lege, Schenectady, New York. Her mother, 
Susan (Chester) Tillotson, was born June 24, 
1799. Samuel M. Cooley had children: i. Hat- 
tie born January 27, 1852 : married John M. 
Stevenson. 2. Phineas Chapman, August 
2-], T854; died December 15, 1854. 3. Clara 
Louisa, born April 21, 1856; died December 
21, 1861. 4. Arthur Nott. 

(VIII) Arthur Nott Cooley, son of Samuel 
M. and Elmira L. (Tillotson) Cooley, was 
born in Granville, February 17, 1858. He 
prepared for college at Pittsfield, Massachu- 
setts, and was graduated from Yale with the 
class of 1878, of which President William H. 
Taft was also a member. He subsequently en- 
gaged in the carriage business at Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts, which he carried on success- 
fully for a number of years, and having 
acquired a competency he retired. For 
some years after his withdrawal from 



business he resided in the south, and 
since his return to Pittsfield he has been 
occupied exckisively in the management of 
his property and financial interests. He is a 
director of the First National Bank. Mr. 
Cooley is unmarried, and resides with his 
mother. He is a Master Mason ; is connected 
with the Boys Club and the Crane Museum, 
in each of which he takes more than an ordi- 
nary interest ; is one of the leading members 
of the Country Club "and holds some of its 
most important offices. He attends the First 
Congregational Church. 

(For first generation see Benjamin Cooley 1). 

(H) Eliakim, third son of 
COOLEY Benjamin and Sarah Cooley, 

was born January 8, 1648, in 
Long Meadow, and died there December i, 
171 1. He married, March 12, 1679, Hannah 
Tibbals, died Deceinber 16, 171 1, fifteen days 
after her spouse. Children: i. Hannah, born 
December 24, 1679; married, February 20, 
1701, Hezekiah Parkins. 2. Eliakim, men- 
tioned below. 3. Mercy, born April 26, 1689 ; 
married, January 14, 1714, John Morgan. 

(HI) Eliakim (2), only son of Eliakim 
(i) and Hannah Tibbals, was born March 
19, 1681, in Long Meadow, and died there 
February 6, 1755. He resided in that town, 
where his house was struck by lightning, so 
injuring his eldest daughter that she never 
fully recovered from the effects, and died un- 
married. Eliakiin Cooley married, Septeinber 
14, 1706, Griswold Beckwith, of Lyme, Con- 
necticut. Children: i. Eliakim, born Sep- 
tember 27, 1707. 2. Griswold, December 3, 
1709, died January 26, 1764. 3. Matthew, 
born January 27, 1712. 4. Josiah, May 10, 
1714, died young. 5. Luke, mentioned below. 
6. Hezekiah, born August 17, 1720, died 
March 27, 1796. 7. Hannah, born November 
26, 1722. 8. Gideon, November 21, 1724, died 
young. 9. Elizabeth, born March 19, 1727. 
10. Esther, October 15, 1729. 

(IV) Luke, fourth son of Eliakiin (2) and 
Griswold (Beckwith) Cooley, was born No- 
vember' 17, 1718, in Long Meadow, and set- 
tled in Somers, Connecticut, where he died 
January i, 1777. He married, in Long 
Meadow, January 8, 1739, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Thomas (2) and Johanna Colton. She 
was born December 23, 1716, in Long 
Meadow, and died August, 1877, in Somers, 
surviving her husband seven and a half 
months. Children, recorded in Somers: i. 
Nathan, born January 19, 1745. 2. Hannah, 

August 21, 1 75 1. 3. Luke, November i, 
1752. 4. Louisa, September 21, 1755. 5. 
Lucy, May 11, 1759. 6. Dina, born February 
18, 1762. 

(V) Luke (2), second son of Luke (i) 
and Elizabeth (Colton) Cooley, was born No- 
vember 1. 1752, in Somers, and passed his life 
in that town, but no record of his death ap- 
pears. He married, December 6, 1779, Phoebe 
Wiston (Weston) of Lincoln, Massachusetts, 
who died in Somers, April 28, 1785. At that 
time her husband was probaly living. The 
Somers records show the birth of two chil- 
dren; Luke, born October 24, 1780, and Wes- 
ton, mentioned below. 

(VI) Weston, son of Luke ^2) and 
Phoebe (Weston) Cooley, born August 27, 
1785, in Somers, and was a farmer. He died 
July 30, 1858. He married (first) February 
27, 1810, Mary, daughter of Jonathan and 
Elizabeth (Weston) Warren. Elizabeth Wes- 
ton was a daughter of Stephen and Lydia 
Weston, the latter of whom lived to the age 
of ninety-one years, dying September 13, 1820, 
and having at that time eleven children, fifty - 
one grandchildren, one hundred and twenty-one 
great-grandchildren, and eleven great-great- 
grandchildren, making one hundred and nine- 
ty-four descendants. Her husband, Stephen 
Weston, died May 6, 1776. Mary (Warren) 
Cooley was born July 11, 1785, and died before 
1840. Weston Cooley married (second) June 27, 
1840, Zeriah Hunniston. Children of first 
marriage: i. Mary, born December 17, 1810, 
died February 9, 1888. 2. Eliza F., July 31, 
1813. 3. Jane J., April 16, 1816, died June 
22, 1845. " 4- Eucla N., April 28, 1819, died 
May 25, 1893. 5. LuceHa W., May 29, 1829; 
married Albert Amsden, and died June 21, 
1890. 6. Zelotus J., mentioned below. 7. Al- 
bertus L., March 3. 1828 ; married Sarah H. 
Briggs, born December 28, 1836, died Septem- 
ber 2, 1883; he died in 1905. 

(VII) Zelotus J., elder son of Weston and 
Mary (Warner) Cooley, was born April 15, 
1824, in Dana, Massachusetts. He learned 
the carpenter's trade, and resided for some 
time at (irecinvich. He married, April 30, 
1850, \'erlina, daughter of Charles and Mary 
(Floyd) Hannum. She was born October 
21, 1824, in Greenwich, and died there Febru- 
ary 18, 1864. Children: i. Mary V. 2. Carius 
Marius. 3. Flarriett M. 4. Herbert Weston. 
5. Emma. Mr. Cooley married (second) 
Frances .Stratton : one child, Gertrude L. 

(VIII) Herbert Weston, son of Zelotus J. 
and ^'erlina (Hannum) Cooley, was born 



December 11, 1858, in Greenwich, and was 
educated in the public schools of his native 
town. At the age of eighteen years he went 
to Holyoke, Massachusetts, where he took em- 
ployment as clerk in a grocery store, which as- 
sociation continued for a period of nine years. 
At the end of that time he engaged in the same 
line of business for himself and continued 
thus six years. Having disposed of his busi- 
ness, he engaged in the real estate and insur- 
ance business in Holyoke for sixteen years. 
In 1908 he opened an office in Springfield, 
Massachusetts, and is still interested in that 
undertaking. He has been active and influen- 
tial in the growth of Holyoke, and has built 
several apartment houses, among which are 
the Hobert, Suffolk and Eurania buildings, the 
Sonoma, the Elm, and the Highland Block, 
besides forty houses. Mr. Cooley is a Congre- 
gationalist in religious belief, and adheres po- 
litically to Republican principles. He married, 
October 24, 1882, Alary L., daughter of Au- 
gustus and Sarah J. (Smith) Tuttle, of Hol- 
yoke. Children: i. Eurania I., born October 
21, 1885; married Frank E. Taylor; resides 
in Grand Rapids, Michigan. 2. Mae Hor- 
tense, born December 26, 1887. 3. Chauncy 
Herbert, July 4, 1890. 4. Josephine Lucille, 
July 24, 1894. 

(The Weston Line — see John Weston 1). 

(IIII Stephen, fourth son of John and 
]\[ary (Bryant) Weston, was born December 
I. 1692, in Reading, and died May 6, 1776. 
He removed to Concord about 1726. The 
name was generally spelled Wesson m Con- 
cord, and this form is found more or less in 
all branches of the family in early records, and 
is still preserved by some of the descendants. 
Stephen Weston was one of the founders of 
the Lincoln church in 1747, his brother Tim- 
othy being also a charter member, and Stephen 
was the first treasurer of the church, elected 
in 1746. It was formally organized August 
18. 1747. He married Hannah Flagg, born 
December 5, 1692. Children : Stephen, men- 
tioned below; Sarah, born November 11, 1727, 
in Concord ; Benjamin, died young ; Hepsibah, 
born April 3, 1743. Probably other children 
born in Lincoln. 

(IV) Stephen (2), eldest child of Stephen 
(i) and Hannah (Flagg) Weston, was born 
November 26, 1720, in Reading or vicinity, 
and lived in that part of Concord set ofif as 
Lincoln, where he joined the church by pro- 
fession of faith in 1750. He married, No- 
vember 27, 1746, in Concord, Lydia Billings, 

and the births of their first three children are 
on record in Concord, namely: Lydia, 1747; 
Elizabeth, mentioned below ; Hannah, June 2, 
1752. Lydia Weston died September 13, 
1820, aged ninety-one years, and left at that 
time eleven children, fifty-one grandchildren, 
one hundred twenty-one great-grandchildren 
and eleven great-great-grandchildren, making 
one hundred ninety-four descendants. 

(V) Elizabeth, second daughter of Stephen 
(2) and Lydia (Billings) Weston, was born 
.\pril 8, 1750, probably in Lincoln, and mar- 
ried, April 23, 1776, Jonathan Warren, born 
December 18, 1751. Children: John W., born 
September 20, 1781 ; Betsey, March 11, 1784; 
Mary, mentioned below ; Charles, died young ; 
Charles, September 7, 1788 ; Jonathan, Sep- 
tember 25, 1790. 

(\T) Mary, second daughter of Jonathan 
and Elizabeth (Weston) Warren, was born 
July II, 1785, and married, February 27, 
1810, Weston Cooley, of Somers, Connecticut 
(see Cooley VI). 

(The Hannum Line). 

While this name, spelled Hannam, Hanum, 
and various other ways, occurs infrequently 
in Colonial Records, there are few names as- 
sociated much earlier with the history of 
Massachusetts. The American ancestor of 
this family emigrated from England, and has 
left a name that ever stands for honesty and 
integrity of character and good citizenship. 

(T| William Hannum, emigrating from 
England about 1630, settled first at Dorches- 
ter Massachusetts, where his first child John 
was born, prior to 1639, and then removed to 
W^indsor, where his other children were born. 
In 1655 he removed to Northampton, where 
he died in June, 1677; his will, dated May 15, 
1677, leaves most of his property to his son, 
John. By his wife Honor he had children : 
John; Abigail, baptized November 22, 1640; 
Joanna, baptized July 24, 1642 ; Elizabeth, 
born April 24, 1645 • J^Iary, born April 5, 
1655. It is probable that Joanna died young. 

(II) John, only son of William and Honor 
Hannum, was born about 1636, at Dorches- 
ter, Massachusetts, and died February 19, 
17 1 2. He married, November 20, 1662, Sar- 
ah, daughter of Richard Weller, by whom he 
had six children ; his wife died March 30, 
1673, and he married (second) April 20, 1675, 
Esther, daughter of George Langton, by 
whom he had nine children. His children 
were: Abigail, born August 16, 1664: Han- 
nah, October 12, 1667; Sarah, October 4, 



1669, died young: Sarah, December 9, 1671 ; 
Mindwell and Experience, twins, March 24, 
1673, both died young; John, 1676; Eleazur, 
1678; Ruth, 1680; daughter, 1683, died 
young; Esther, 1685, died young; Esther, 
1687, died young ; Joanna, 1688 ; WiUiam, 
1690; Samuel, 1692. 

(III) XA'ilHam (2), third son of John and 
Esther (Langton) Hannum, was born in 1690. 
In 1732 he removed to Belchertown, Massa- 
chusetts, where he remained until his death in 
1756. He married Alary Hutchinson, a na- 
tive of Northampton, JMassachusetts, who 
died in 1785, aged ninety-three. Children: 
Moses, born 1718, at Northampton: Aaron; 
Gideon, born 1726. Probably other children, 
whose names cannot be found. 

(IV) Aaron, second son of William (2) and 
Mary (Hutchinson) Hannum, was born in 
1722, at Northampton, Massachusetts. In 
1732 he removed to Belchertown with his 
father, and died there in 1776. 

(V) Caleb, son of Aaron Hannum, was 
born in 1749, at Belchertown. and died in 
1833, at Greenwich. He married (first) Lidia 
Warner, died in 1789; (second) Abigail 
Drake, died January 6, 1834. By his first wife 
he had ten children, by his second wife five, 
as follows: i. Achsah, born 1770, died Janu- 
ary I, i85o;.married, January 19, 1815, John 
D.' Curtis. 2. Aaron, born 1772, died 1790. 
3. Josiah, March 16, 1774, died December 9, 
1835 ; married (first) Dolly Bannister, Janu- 
arv 2, 1798, and (second) Nancy Day, Octo- 
ber 31, 1812. 4. Esther, born 1776, married 
Levi Park. 5. Othniel, February 18, 1778, 
died October 23, 1863; married, October 13, 
1803, Martha Bassett. 6. Charlotte, born 
1780, died 1834: married, November 28, 1807, 
Gains Hannum. 7. Lydia, born 1782, died 
1847 • married Eleazor Stanley. 8. Caleb, 
March 25, 1785, died June 14, 1849; married 
December i, 1808, Hepzibah King. 9. Ra- 
chel, born 1787, died 1807. 10. Mark, born 
1789, died 1700. II. Charles. 12. Perez. 13. 
Park. 14. Sophia, born May 26, 1799, died 
October 10, 1826; married. April 18, 1821, 
Hart Newcombe. 15. Sarah, born April 10, 
1801, died April 3, 1842; married, April 17, 
1842, Hart Newcombe. 

(VI) Charles, sixth son of Caleb Hannum 
by his wife Abigail Drake, was born October 
23, 1793, and died January 13, 1869. He mar- 
ried, December i, 1814, Mary Floyd. Chil- 
dren: I. Harriet, born July 17, 1817, died 
1841. 2. Maria, August 29, 1819, died June 
13, 1842. 3. Charles, March 26, 1822, died 

May 8, 1858: married, November 6, 1843, 
Marv A. Johnson. 4. \'erlina. 5. Amanda, 
November 13, 1826: married, December 19, 
1850. Henry Robbins. 6. Park, April 23, 
1830: married Alary C. Pierce. 

(\'II) Verlina, third and youngest daugh- 
ter of Charles and Alary (Floyd) Hannum, 
was born October 21. 1824, and died Febru- 
ary 18, 1864. She married, April 30, 1850, 
Zelotus J. Cooley (see Cooley MI). 

This name is found in the 
HASKELL early records of Massachu- 
setts with a great variety of 
spellings, one of the most prominent forms be- 
ing Hascol. It is also spelled Haskal, and in 
manv other forms. It is believed that the 
present usage is universal in the form herein. 
The name is found in Salem, Alassachusetts, 
about 1637, when \Mlliam Haskell, with his 
brothers, Roger and Alark, arrived. They 
settled in that part of Salem which is now 
Beverly, and William Haskell removed to 
Gloucester in 1643. ^o connection can be 
discovered between this family and the Plym- 
outh county family. 

(I) John Haskell, born about 1640, was a 
resident of Aliddleboro, Alassachusetts, before 
1666. He married, in January that year. Pa- 
tience, daughter of George Soule, of Middle- 
boro. He was one of the twelve freemen of 
the town before 1689. and was a large land 
owner, dying Alay 15, 1706, aged sixty-six 
years. His widow purchased the old meeting 
house in Aliddleboro in 1701, and died March 
15, 1705. Among the land owners of Middle- 
boro appears mention of John Haskell Jr., 
undoubtedly a son of this couple. An ex- 
tended search has failed to discover one or two 
generations intervening between John (2) 
Haskell and Roger. 

(ID Roger Haskell, mar;-ied Judith Nelson, 
at Middleboro, February 28, 1765. 

(Ill) Simeon, son of Roger and Judith 
Haskell, was born January 10, 1767, in Mid- 
dleboro, and died in Oakham, Massachusetts, 
March 25, 1847, aged eighty years. He was a 
farmer and blacksmith, and purchased land 
in North Brookfield in 1793. He continued to 
reside there until 1804, when he sold his prop- 
erty and removed to Oakham, where he was a 
prominent citizen and served many years as 
selectman. He married, at North Brookfield, 
November 7, 1793, Ruth Haskell, probably a 
first cousin. She was born March 22, 1770, 
in North Brookfield, third daughter and 
fourth child of Deacon Samuel and Elizabeth 



(Macomber) Haskell, of North Brookfield. 
Deacon Samuel Haskell was born February 
17, 1734, in Bridgewater, and his wife Eliza- 
beth was born October 14, 1737, in North 
Brookfield. He died in the same town, No- 
vember 15, 1820. Ruth, wife of Simeon 
Haskell, died April i, 1814, in North Brook- 
field, and he married (second) April 11, 1816, 
in Oakham, Alary Hall, born December 18, 
1777, in Raynhani, Massachusetts. Children: 
Loring, born June 8, 1794; Thomas S., men- 
tioned below; Nelson, March 19, 1798: Daniel. 
February n, 1800; Betsey. October 15. 1803: 
Judith, April 26. 1808: Elijah P., February 
22, 1810: Mark, June 13, 1813. 

(I\') Thomas" S., second son of Simeon 
and Ruth (Haskell) Haskell, was born Febru- 
ary 2, 1796, in North Brookfield, and lived 
there most of his life. He was drafted as a 
soldier in 1814 and sent a substitute for three 
months' service. Later he was lieutenant in 
the famous company of grenadiers belonging 
to Oakham, and New Braintree, which 
marched to South Boston to meet an expected 
British incursion. He married (first) April 
2, 1821, Maria Pepper, of Oakham; (second) 
March 17, 1861, Alvira Crawford. No record 
of his children appears except that the family 
records show him to have been father of 
Henry W., Wilder, and Sandford, and there 
was probably a daughter, Charlotte. 

(V) Henry W., eldest son of Thomas and 
IMaria (Pepper) Haskell, was born August 21, 
1822, probably in North Brookfield, though a 
record made, probably by the family, subse- 
quent to his death, states that he was born in 
Spencer, Massachusetts. He died in 1870, in 
Georgetown, Florida. He was a printer, and 
was employed for a time in Greenville, Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, subsequently in Washing- 
ton, D. C, whence he went to Florida. He 
married, December 25, 1848, in Whately, Mas- 
sachusetts, Juliana Beals, born June 8, 1824, 
in Whately, died May 8, 1883, in Holyoke. 
Children : Henry Arthur, born August 24, 
1850; Ida Jennette, November, 1854; Charles 
Frederick, December 9, 1856; Homer Frank- 
lin, mentioned below ; Flora Isabella, Septem- 
ber I, 1862; Walter Herbert, November 19, 
1864; Minnie ]\Iay, March 17, 1867. The 
first two were born in Hartford, the next four 
in W^ashington, and the next in Blackenburg, 
Prince George county, Maryland. The sec- 
ond son was drowned May 20, 1895, in 
Afethow Rapids, in the Columbia River, 

(VI) Homer Franklin, third son of Henry 

W. and Juliana (Beals) Haskell, was born 
August 29, 1859, in Washington, and began to 
support himself at the age of thirteen years. 
He had many kinds of employment such as 
farming and mill work, and acted as janitor 
of a church. In 1881 he went to Holyoke, 
Massachusetts. He subsequently became an 
electrician for sixteen years. He is now agent 
in Holyoke for the General Electric Company, 
and handles all sorts of supplies manufactured 
by that establishment. Air. Haskell maintains 
settled opinions and is fearless in their sup- 
port. He is an ardent Prohibitionist, and has 
long been a leader of the party of that name 
in the city of Holyoke. He married. May 16, 

1883, at Chester, \"ermont, Fanny, daughter 
of Orrin S. and Sophronia (Wheelock) Saw- 
yer, born October 31, 1856, in Reading, Ver- 
mont. Children : Frank E.. born August 6, 

1884, and Henry William, January 27, 1886. 
Orrin Spaulding Sawyer was born in Reading 
or Plymouth, \'ermont, and died in April, 
T895, in the former town. Sophronia Whee- 
lock was probably a native of Cavendish, Ver- 
mont, and died June 5, 1889. 

The first of the name in Con- 

PENFIELD necticut, was William Pen- 
field, of Aliddletown, as 
early as 1663. Very little is known about him. 

(il) John, son of William Penfield, Hved in 
Aliddletown, Connecticut. He married Ann, 
daughter of David Cornwall, who died in 
June, 1725. Penfield was one of the adminis- 
trators. (Page 492, Vol. I, Probate Records 
of Hartford, etc.) His sons appear to be: i. 
Benjamin, living in Aliddletown in 1728. 2. 
Stephen, died 1749: bequeathing to widow Je- 
ruslia and children, Jeremiah, Benjamin, John, 
Jerusha and Samuel. 3. Peter, mentioned be- 
low. An Isaac Penfield lived at New Haven 
and had by wife Elizabeth (Howe) Penfield, 
daughter Elizabeth, January 2. 1717. 

( HI) Peter, son of John Penfield, was born 
in Aliddletown, Connecticut, about 1690. He 
settled at Fairfield, Connecticut, and with wife 
Mary was admitted to the church, March 21, 
1730-31. Children, baptized in the Fairfield 
Church: i. Mary, April 25, 1731. 2. James, 
September 24, 1732. 3. Samuel, December 8, 
1734. 4. Hannah, November 3, 1737. 5. 
Sarah, May 25, 1740. 6. Lydia, February 21, 
1741-42. 7. Peter, September 18, 1743 : sol- 
dier in the revolution. 8. Ann, July 21, 1745. 
9. John, mentioned below. 

(IV) John (2). son of Peter Penfield, was 
baptized at Fairfield, Connecticut, November 



29, 1747. John Penfield was major of the 
Twenty-third Connecticut Regiment in the 
revok:tion, May, 1775; heutenant colonel in 
October, 1776, resigned 1781 ; credited to 
Chatham, Connecticut. The Pittsford history 
states that he was in the revolution. He came 
to Pittsford, Vermont, from Connecticut, in 
1790, and bought of Ebenezer Hopkins the 
grist mill that Nehemiah Hopkins built, by 
deed dated September 7, 1795, and conducted 
a public house there from December, 1795, to 
181 1. He died at Pittsford, December i, 1829. 
In 181 1 he built the house occupied later by 
John Stevens. Children, born probably at 
Fairfield, Connecticut: I. Sarah. 2. Eunice. 
3. John, married Patience Anthony. 4. Eliz- 
abeth. 5. Abigail. 6. Sturges, born Septem- 
ber I, 1780: married Laura Giddings. 7. 
Thomas. 8. Allen, mentioned below. 9. 
Abel, born November 12, 1787. 10. Char- 

(V) Allen, son of John (2) Penfield, was 
born at Fairfield, July 3, 1785, died at Crown 
Point, May 12, 1858. He succeeded his fath- 
er in the hotel business in the house later 
owned by William B. Shaw, at Pittsford, Ver- 
mont. He continued in the hotel business at 
Pittsford until 1828 when he removed to 
Crown Point, New York, selling his property 
to German Hammond. He was active in es- 
tablishing the Congregational church, of 
which he was deacon for many years. He 
was a clever, energetic and reliable citizen 
and accumulated a fortune. He was a farm- 
er, merchant, and lumber and iron manufac- 
turer. His last days were spent with his 
daughter, the wife of Dr. Nichols, of Burl- 
ington, A'ermont. He married, December 
27, 1810, Anne, born March 24, 1789, died at 
Crown Point in 1872, daughter of Thomas 
Hammond. (See Hammond IX). Children, 
born at Pittsford: i. Daughter, born and 
died June 17, 1812. 2. Son, born April 30, 
1813, died May 12, 1813. 3. Samuel Allen, 
August 23, 1814, died September i, 1814. 4. 
Daniel Hammond, November 6, 18 15, died 
May 9, 1841. 5. Stephen D., November 25, 
1817, died August 11, 1819. 6. Hannah Ann, 
August 16, 1820 : married Allen P. Harwood. 
7. Caroline Keith, July 23. 1823; married, 
December 27, 1849, Harvey Spencer. 8. 
James Allen, January 31, 1826, mentioned 
below. 9. Lucy Jane, March 17, 1828, died 
September 18, 1829. 10. Lucy Hammond, 
April II, 183 1 ; married, November 14, 1850, 
Benjamin S. Nichols. 

(\T) James Allen, son of Allen Penfield, 

was born in Pittsford, Vermont, January 31, 
1826. When he was about three years old his 
parents removed to Crown Point, where he 
was educated in the public schools, and after- 
wards was associated with his father in farm- 
ing, lumbering and in iron works. In 1861 
he enlisted in Captain John Hammond's com- 
pany at Crown Point; in October, 1861, the 
company went to New York City and were 
mustered in as part of the Fifth New York 
Cavalry under Colonel Othniel DeForest. He 
was second lieutenant of his company, which 
was originally known as the Ira Harris 
Guards, formerly the First Ira Harris Guards. 
The regiment served in the Fifth Corps, De- 
partment of Annapolis, also in the Depart- 
ment of the Shenandoah and the Second 
Corps, Army of Virginia. It was in Stahel's 
division in the defense of Washington from 
September, 1862, until March, 1863; after- 
ward in the Third Brigade, Third Division, 
Twenty-second Army Corps. He was pro- 
moted to first lieutenant September 25, 1861, 
and captain September 26, 1862; major and 
brevet-lieutenant colonel March 29, 1864. He 
was wounded in the head by the stroke of a 
sabre at Hagerstown, Maryland, July 6, 1863 ; 
was taken prisoner of war and confined for 
ten months in Libby Prison ; at Danville, 
\'irginia ; Macon, Georgia ; Charleston, 
South Carolina ; and Charlotte, North Caro- 
lina. He came back to the Union lines near 
\\'ilmington, North Carolina, March i, 1865, 
and was sent to Annapolis, Maryland, for 
one month. He resigned from the service 
May 2, 1865, at the close of the war. He re- 
turned to Crown Point after the war and con- 
tinued in business. In 1872 he removed to 
Boston. He is a member of the Military Or- 
der of the Loyal Legion, and John A. Andrew 
Post, No. 15, Grand Army of the Republic. 
Fie and his family attend the Park Street 
Congregational Church of Boston. In pol- 
itics he is a Republican. He married, No- 
vember 28, 1866, Elizabeth Richards, born 
March 4, 1828, daughter of Henry and Mar- 
garet Williams (Griggs) Wood. They have 
one child, Anna Scott, born October 23, 1868. 
Margaret was the daughter of Samuel Griggs 
of Brooklinc. Massachusetts, who married 
Beulah, daughter of Daniel and Lucy (Jones) 
Hammond, of Newton. Henry Wood was a 
son of Amos Wood, of Concord, Massachu- 
setts ; was a merchant of Boston, where he 
died in 1863, aged seventy years ; his widow 
died December 24, 1887. 

^y^ti/cr Jr<^me6 S^. ^y^MJcem 



John Hammond lived in 

HAMMOND Melford, England, and 
there is little doubt that he 
was John Hammond, the fuller and cloth 
manufacturer who is mentioned in the Alel- 
ford records, and who was named as executor 
in the will of John Hammond the elder, of 
Melford, dated August 4, 15 17, proved April 
22, 1528. He may have been the son of this 
John, although he is not mentioned as a son 
in the will. John the elder was of the Law- 
shall family of Hammonds who trace their an- 
cestry back to the year 1400. In any event 
he was undoubtedly a near relative and with- 
out doubt a descendant of the John Ham- 
mond of Lawshall whose will was proved De- 
cember 19, 1440, and who was born before 

(H) John (2) Hammond, of Lavenham, 
was son of John (i) Hammond, the fuller, 
and was born about 1500. His will was dated 
December 22, 1550. He married Agnes 

, who died at Lavenham, January 6, 

1576-77. Children: i. William, mentioned 
below. 2. Thomas, married Rose Tripp and 
had a son William who came to America. 3. 

Elizabeth. 4. Margaret, married 

Jollye. 5. Joan. 

(HI) William, son of John (2) Hammond, 

resided at Melford and married Mary . 

He had a son Thomas, mentioned below. 

(IV) Thomas, son of William Hammond, 
was the immigrant ancestor of this branch of 
the family. He was baptized at Melford, 
county SufToIk, England, with his twin 
brother John, September 2, 1603. He was a 
first cousin of William Hammond, who set- 
tled in Watertown, Massachusetts. He was 
one of the first settlers at Hingham, Massa- 
chusetts, and had land granted him there in 
1636. He took the freeman's oath March 9, 
1636-37. He was a member of the grand 
jury in 1637. W'ith several others he re- 
moved to a site near the boundary line be- 
tween what are now the towns of Newton 
and Brookline. He probably removed to 
Cambridge A'illage, now Newton, about 
1650, but held lands in Hingham for 
some years after that date. His homestead 
in Newton was near the Brookline boundary 
near a sheet of water which has since been 
called Hammond's pond. This homestead re- 
mained in the family for many generations. 
Thomas Hammond was a large land owner 
and one of the wealthiest men of the town in 
his day. He died in 1675, leaving an unsigned 
will which was admitted to probate Novem- 

ber 5, 1675. He married in Lavenham, Eng- 
land, November 12, 1623, Elizabeth, born in 
Great Welnetham, daughter of Robert and 
Prudence (Hammond) Cason, and grand- 
daughter of Robert and Elizabeth Hammond, 
of Great Welnetham. It is said that a silver 
coin is still in the possession of descendants 
which was stamped by her when on a visit to 
the mint in England when she was a young 
girl. Children: i. Thomas, mentioned be- 
low. 2. Elizabeth, born about 1633-34. 3. 
Sarah, baptized September 13, 1640. 4. Na- 
thaniel, baptized March 12, 1643. 

{\') Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) Ham- 
mond, was born about 1630 in England, died 
at Newton, Massachusetts, October 20, 1678, 
of smallpox. He was a farmer and lived on 
the homestead which was left him by his 
father. He married, December 17, 1662, Eliz- 
abeth Stedman, who died in 17 1 5, probably a 
sister of Nathaniel Stedman, who married 
Sarah Hammond. Children: i. Elizabeth, 
born November 3, 1664. 2. Thomas, Decem- 
ber 16, 1666, mentioned below. 3. Isaac 
(twin), December 20, 1668. 4. Sarah (twin), 
December 20, 1668. 5. Nathaniel, February 
3, 1671 ; probably died young. 6. John, April 
30, 1674. 7. Eleazer, November 13, 1677. 

(\T) Thomas (3), son of Thomas (2) 
Hammond, was born in Newton, December 
16, 1666, died in 1720, when administration 
was granted on his estate. He was a farmer 
in Newton, and owned considerable land. He 
served as selectman of the town. He married 
(first) June 15, 1693, Mehitable Very, of Bos- 
ton, who died in 1704. He married (second) 
August 8, 1705, Mary Bacon, of Roxbury. 
Children of first wife : i. Mehitable, born Jan- 
uary 29, 1695 ; married James Petty. 2. John, 
May 16, 1696, mentioned below. 3. Thomas, 
July 10, 1698. 4. Caleb, July 4, 1700. Chil- 
dren of second wife: 5. j\Iary, May 13, 1707. 
6. Samuel, July 9, 1709. 

l\'II) John (3), son of Thomas (3) Ham- 
mond, was born in Newton, May 16, 1696, 
died there June 27, 1763. He was a farmer 
in Newton. His will was dated March 25, 
1763, proved June 27, 1763. He married, De- 
cember II, 1718. Margaret Wilson, born Au- 
gust 28, 1699, died 1788, daughter of Samuel 
and Experience (Trowbridge) Wilson, of 
Newton. His farm in Newton he bought of 
Rev. Jared Eliot in 1746. and contained three 
hundred and seventy acres. Children : i. 
John, born July 25, 1719. 2. Joshua, March 
10. 1721. 3. Thomas. April 23, 1723, died 
February 15, 1737-38. 4. Mary (twin), Oc- 



tober 7, 1725, died young. 5. Margaret 
(twin), October 7, 1725. 6. Daniel, October 
18, 1727, mentioned below. 7. Samuel, June 
14, 1730. 8. Abijah, November 5, 1732. 9. 
Enoch, October 29, 1734. 10. Anna, Septem- 
ber 23, 1736. II. Martha, April 10, 1738, 
died October 12, 1757. 12. .-Xbigail, 1741. 

(VIII) Daniel, son of John (3) Hammond, 
was born in Newton, October 18, 1727, died 
there in 1777. He was a soldier in the French 
war in the expedition against Cape Breton. 
In the siege of Louisburg in 1758 he con- 
tracted rheumatism from exposure, which 
eventually made him a cripple, and for the 
last fifteen years of his life he was bedridden 
most of the time. The following verses are 
part of an anonymous poem called The Neiv- 
ton Patriot: 

'"Tis one of these yeoman whose praises I sing ; 
At Louisburg's siege he had fought for the King; 
Adjoining the pond honoured still by his name 
In Newton he lived — although unknown to fame. 

He shouldered his musket — his crutch laid away — 
And marched with the Newton Alarm Men that day, 
Although for nigh fifteen long years he had lain 
Prostrated since Louisburgh's trying campaign. 

Hark, Hark, 'Tis the signal. Now up and away. 
■ 'Tis the British are marching to Concord today.' 
Then old Daniel Hammond reached out tor his gun, 
And waving his cocked hat he cried, 'Count me one.' " 

He was in Captain Brown's company, Col- 
onel William Williams' regiment, in 1758 in 
the expedition against Canada; in Captain 
William Angler's company. Colonel Joseph 
Frye's regiment, in 1759 and again in 1760 
in service in Nova Scotia. He was a mem- 
ber of Captain Amariah Fuller's company 
which marched to Cambridge on the Lexing- 
ton alarm, April 19, 1775. His family be- 
came almost destitute on account of his in- 
firmities, and some of the children were 
bound out. He married, April 17, 1751, Lucy, 
born in Worcester about 1727, died in Pitts- 
ford, Vermont, 1799, daughter of Captain 
Nathaniel and Mary Jones. She was a most 
exemplary woman, beloved by all who knew 
her. Children: i. Lucy, born July 25, 1752. 

2. Thomas, June 6, 1753, died Julv 31, 1763. 

3. Phineas, June 4, 1755. 4. Beulah, May 11, 
1757- 5- Thomas, February 20, 1762, men- 
tioned below. 6. Ann, June 28, 1764. 7. 
Sarah. December 19, 1766. 

(IX) Colonel Thomas (4), son of Daniel 
Hammond, was born in Newton, February 
20, 1762, died at Pittsford, Vermont, April 4, 
1847. At an early age he was apprenticed 
to a distant relative, a well-to-do farmer of 
Leicester, and remained with him from the 
age of four until he was twenty-one vears of 
age. He is said to have enlisted in the conti- 

nental army in 1778, wheu he was but sixteen 
years of age, and to nave served nine months, 
but no official record of such service has 
been found. He enlisted July 5, 1780, in Cap- 
tain Frothingham's artillery company, and 
served until December 11 of that year. He 
is described as of Leicester, aged eighteen 
years, stature five feet, ten inches, complex- 
ion light. He served in New York and was 
present at the execution of Major Andre, 
October 2, 1780. At the age of twenty-one 
he set out on foot and went from Leicester to 
Shaftsljury, Vermont, and went to work for 
Colonel Ichabod Cross, whose daughter he 
married. Colonel Cross gave him a tract 
of land in Pittsford, where he settled in 1786. 
He became one of the leading citizens of the 
town and held many town offices. He was 
a delegate to the constitutional convention in 
1791. In 1794 he was elected to the state 
legislature, and served ten years between that 
time and 1813. He was active in the militia 
and rose to the rank of colonel. He was as- 
sistant county judge six years, and a member 
of the executive council of the state four 
years. In 1812 he, with a few others, organ- 
ized the Pittsford Manufacturing Company 
for the manufacture of woolen cloth, and 
was president of the company. He rose from 
a penniless and ill-educated youth to a posi- 
tion of eminence, affluence and honor in the 
state. He married (first) March 25, 1784, 
Hannah, born at Mansfield, Connecticut, 
April 20, 1763, died February 2, 1819, daugh- 
ter of Colonel Ichabod Cross. He married 
(second) September 19, 1819, Mrs. Sarah 
Stewart, who survived him. Children, all by 
first wife: i. Sally, born December 27, 1784, 
died September 21, 1793. 2. Tamesin, Janu- 
ary 4, 1787. 3. Anne, March 24, 1789; mar- 
ried, December 27, 1810, Allen Penfield. (See 
Penfield, V). 4. Thomas D., August 16, 1791. 
5. German, December 21, 1793. 6. Amelia M., 
January 17, 1796. 7. Charles F., April 24, 
1798. 8. Augustus, June 5, 1800. 9. Daniel, 
October 7, 1803, died February 6, 1806. 10. 
John C, September 22, 1805. 

(For English ancestry see p. 26). 

(I) James Cary, immigrant, drap- 
CARY er of Bristol, Somersetshire, Eng- 
land, son of William Cary, sheriff 
of Bristol, 1599, and mayor of the city, 161 1, 
was born in that city about 1600, and died in 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, November 2, 
168 1. He came to America in 1635 and lived 
for a time in the Plymouth colony, but was of 
Charlestown in 1639, was admitted to the 



church there in 1647, and chosen town clerk 
in 1663. He married Eleanor (Elinor) Haw- 
kins, who was admitted to the church in 
Charlestown in 1642, and died November 9, 
1697, aged eighty years. Children, all born in 
Charlestown: i. Mehetable, about 1640; mar- 
ried Welsted. 2. John, 1642. 3. 

James, 1644. 4. Nathaniel, 1645. 5. Jona- 
than, 1646-7. 6. Elizabeth, 1648. 7. Joanna. 
(H) Deacon Jonathan, son of James and 
Eleanor (Hawkins) Cary, was born in 
Charlestown, Alassachusetts, January 15, 
1647, and died June 4, 1738. He was a mill- 
wright, and owned Noodle's island, and also 
became possessed of several other tracts of 
land. He was admitted to the church May 7, 

1682, and was one of its deacons. He mar- 
ried (first) in 1675, Hannah Windsor, who 
joined the church in 1682-3, and died Decem- 
ber 14, 1715, aged sixty-nine years. He mar- 
ried (second) Abigail . His children: 

1. Hannah, born 1676, died 1679. 2. Eleanor, 
1677, died soon. 3. James, December 7, 1679, 
died young. 4. Abigail, 1681. 5. Samuel, 

1683. 6. Ebenezer, 1684. 7. James, April 

2, 1686. 8. Freelove, February 20, 1687. 9. 

(in) Samuel, son of Jonathan and Han- 
nah (Windsor) Cary, was born in Charles- 
town, Massachusetts, in 1683, and died Feb- 
ruary 28, 1740. He was a ship chandler, and 
may have followed the sea, for he was fre- 
quently called captain. He married (first) 
December 19, 1712, Mary Foster, who owned 
the covenant December 9, 1712, was admitted 
to the church June 30, 1713, and died Decem- 
ber 23, 1718, aged twenty-six years eight 
months. He married (second) in Boston, 
February 21. 1722, Mary Martyn, who died 
February 28, 1740-41, aged fifty-eight years. 
He had three children by his first and eight by 
his second wife, and all born in Charlestown : 
I. Samuel, November 29, 1713. 2. Richard, 
February 17, 1716-17. 3. Jonathan, baptized 
November 30, 1718, died young. 4. Sarah, 
born February 5. 1723; married, 1743. Rev. 
Edward Barnard. 5. IMary, February 20, 
1725-6: married, 1744. Richard Russell. 6. 
Nathaniel, November 7, 1727. 7. Hannah, 
January 5, 1729-30: married, 1759, John 
Soley. 8. Edward, October 2. 1731, died 
young. 9. Abigail, September 21, 1735. 10. 
Elizabeth, April 18, 1737. 11. Edward, July 

(IV) Captain Samuel (2), son of Samuel 
(i) and Mary (Foster) Cary, was born in 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, November 29. 

1713, and graduated from Harvard College in 
173 1. He followed the sea and was known as 
Captain Cary. It is not certain at just what 
time he took up his residence in Chelsea, 
where his death is mentioned in the church 
records as December 7, 1769, although Wy- 
man gives it as the 4th and his burial on the 
7th, ''from his brother Richard's house in 
Charlestown''. Samuel Watts in his memor- 
andum book says : "Capt. Cary Dyed betwen 
the 3d & fourth of December, 1769". The 
family genealogy gives the date of his death 
as December 8. He married, December 24, 
1741, Margaret Greaves, born July 19, 1719, 
died October 18, 1762. She is described as 
"small in person, plain, being pitted with 
smallpox, but very intelligent and active, and 
assisted her father frequently in his apothe- 
cary shop". Her great-grandparents were 
Thomas Greaves (or Graves) and Katherine, 
daughter of the widow Coitmore. 

Thomas Greaves was born in Ratclift'e, par- 
ish of Stepney, county of Middlesex, England, 
June 6, 1605, and was baptized at the church 
of St. Dunsten in that parish June 16 same 
year. He came early to America, was made 
freeman in 1640, owned land both in Woburn 
and Charlestown, and with his wife was ad- 
mitted to the church in 1639. Before coming 
to this country he had been a sea captain, and 
after his settlement here followed the same 
occupation. During the protectorate of Crom- 
well, while on a mercantile voyage, he sig- 
nalized himself in an engagement with a 
Dutch privateer, which he captured. The 
owners of the vessel presented him with a sil- 
ver punchbowl which is still preserved in Ash- 
ford Hall, England, and Cromwell promoted 
him to the command of a ship of war, with 
the title of rear-admiral. Thomas Greaves, 
grandson of Thomas and Katherine Greaves 
and father of Margaret Greaves, who married 
Samuel Cary, married (first) Sybil Avery, 
who was the mother of all his children, and 
married (second) the widow of Edward 
Watts, of Chelsea. .'Xfter her death he mar- 
ried (third) Phoebe, widow of Edward 'Vas- 
sal!, of Boston. It was through the widow 
Watts that the Chelsea farm came into the 
Cary family, a subject which will be more 
fully mentioned in a later paragraph. 

Captain Samuel and Margaret (Greaves) 
Cary had four children: i. Samuel, born Sep- 
tember 20, 1742. 2. Thomas, October 7, 1745. 
3. Jonathan, October 21, 1749. 4. Abigail 
Coit. In this connection it is well to mention 
that Captain Gary's will was dated November 



14, 1763, and was admitted to probate Decem- 
ber 29, 1769. After a gift of a liouse in Bos- 
ton to Iiis eldest son Samuel, he left the re- 
mainder of his estate, including the Cary farm 
in Chelsea, to his three sons — Samuel, then 
in business in St. Kitts, Granada ; Thomas, 
minister at Newburyport ; and Jonathan. 

(V) Samuel '(3) Cary, Esquire, eldest son 
of Captain Samuel (2) and Margaret 
(Greaves) Cary, was born September 20, 
1742, and died in Chelsea, Massachusetts, Au- 
gust I, 1812. He was educated at Harvard 
College, and fitted especially for mercantile 
pursuits. Soon afterward he went to St. 
Kitts, Granada, where for many years he was 
engaged in buying and selling cargoes, but 
finally became a planter. On one of his visits 
home he became acquainted with Sarah, only 
daughter of Ellis Gray, of Boston, born 1753, 
whom he married November 5, 1772. They 
began their married life in the old mansion in 
Chelsea, which had been suitably furnished 
for them. The next summer Mr. Gary re- 
turned to Granada, leaving his wife and her 
mother presumably at Chelsea, for there she 
joined the church August i, 1773, and there, 
according to the family genealogy, their son 
Samuel was born October 7, 1773. During 
the following winter she left her infant son 
with her mother in Chelsea, joined her hus- 
band in Granada, and lived there for the next 
eighteen years. Having accumulated what he 
considered a comfortable fortune, Mr. Cary 
returned to Chelsea July 2, 1791, leaving his 
eldest son to carry on the business, but bring- 
ing with him his wife and their seven chil- 
dren, born in Granada, and three black ser- 
vants, of whom only one, Fanny Fairweather, 
ended her days in Chelsea. Mr. Cary remod- 
eled the old house in Chelsea at a cost of $12,- 
000, making it a splendid specimen of colonial 
architecture. At that time there were no trees 
about the place, but he soon planted the east 
and west avenues with elms, bordered the 
grounds between Broadway and Washington 
avenue with hawthorn shrubs which grew to 
trees, made a dyke across Chelsea creek, 
which gave him a fine fishing pond, and other- 
wise so improved his lands that in due time 
the estate, known as "The Retreat", became 
one of the most beautiful in the vicinity of 

The Cary farm in Chelsea has an interest- 
ing history. It is the largest and most favor- 
ably situated of the Eellingham farms, and 
fairly divided into upland and meadow it was 
the most productive of them; unlike manv of 

the great Chelsea farms, in its earlier days 
and later days it was occupied by its proprie- 
tors, and four generations of Carys were born 
or have lived on it. By deed of sale dated 
February 27, 1634, "Sam Maverick and Amias 
his wife, and John Blackleach and his wife, 
granted and sold to Richard Bellingham and 
his heirs a messuage called Winnisimmet, with 
appurtenances ; also his interest in the ferry." 
Governor Bellingham's son Samuel, a widow- 
er with one daughter, married in London a 
widow named Elizabeth Savage. He inherit- 
ed from his father estates in Chelsea, then 
called Winnisimmet, and this property was 
placed in trust for Mr. Bellingham and his 
wife, and at her death was to go by will to 
whomever she made her devisee ; or failing in 
any way, to her next of kin. She died at sea, 
and her will being decided to be invalid, the 
estate passed to her sister, Mrs. Watts, who 
afterward married Thomas Greaves of 
Charlestown. Mrs. Watts left her property 
of three hundred and sixty-five acres to her 
stepdaughter Margaret Greaves. (Cary Let- 

Margaret Greaves became the wife of Cap- 
tain Samuel Cary, whose heirs sold the estate 
to The Cary Improvement Company for $150,- 
000. On February 2, 185 1, Henry Cary, Anne 
M. Cary, Harriet Cary, Thomas G. Cary, 
George B. Cary, Robert H. Cary and William 
T. Cary, seven of the surviving children of 
Samuel and Sarah Cary, each owning one 
tenth of the estate, and the four surviving 
children of .Sarah Tuckerman, widow of Rev. 
Joseph Tuckerman and daughter of Samuel 
and Sarah Cary, conveyed their interests in 
the farm to Charles Cary, for $120,000. He 
acquired another one-tenth share from the as- 
signees of Margaret Cary, and on September 
5, 185 1, he conveyed the farm to Joseph W. 
Clark, for the consideration of $150,000. On 
May I, 1852, Joseph Clark, of Dedham, con- 
veyed the same to The Cary Improvement 
Company. Charles S., Ann M. and Harriet 
Cary retained the mansion house and 38,164 
square feet of land. So far as the records 
show, the lands of The Cary Improvement 
Company in 1852 were identical with the farm 
set ofif to Thomas and Ann Greaves in 1728, 
not withstanding the fact that in 1765 the 
farm was estimated to contain 365 acres ; in 
1728, 300 acres. ("Chelsea History"). 

In the course of time, however, misfortune 
befell Samuel Cary, the Granada merchant 
and planter. The negro insurrection of 1795 in 
the West Indies imperilled and chiefly de- 



stroyed the value of his large property 111 
Granada, and in the hope of saving it he went 
there, but on the voyage was taken prisoner 
by the French and only with great difficulty 
saved his own life. On his return to Chelsea 
he was obliged to accommodate himself to 
new conditions, and two of his sons assisted 
him with the work of cultivating his farm. 
He died August I, 1812. His wife died in 
1825. They had thirteen children, the first 
one and last four of whom were born in Chel- 
sea, the other eight at Granada:, i. Samuel, 
born Chelsea, October 17, 1773, died at sea, 
1810. 2. Margaret, 1775, died 1868. 3. 
Charles Spooner, 1778, died 1866. 4. Lucius, 
1782, died in England, 1826. 5. Sarah, 1783, 
died Boston, 1838; married Rev. Joseph Tuck- 
erman. 6. Henry, 1785, died Florence, 1857. 
7. Ann Montague, 1787, died 1882. 8. Ed- 
ward, 1789, died 1808. 9. Harriet, 1790, died 
1873. 10. Thomas Greaves, 1791. 11. George 
Blankern, 1792, died 1880. 12. Robert How- 
ard, 1794, died 1867. 13. William Ferdinand, 
1795, died 1881. 

(\T) Thomas Greaves, son and tenth child 
of Samuel (3) and Sarah (Gray) Gary, was 
born at Chelsea, Massachusetts, in the year 
1 79 1. He went to school at Billerica, and was 
a graduate of Harvard College. He began life 
in the practice of the law, but was led by cir- 
cumstances to become a partner in the busi- 
ness firm of his elder brother, Henry Gary, 
in New York. Later he became partner in 
the house of Perkins & Co. in Boston. After 
the dissolution of this celebrated firm, he was 
appointed treasurer of the Hamilton & Apple- 
ton Companies in Lowell, offices which he 
held until the time of his death. 

In the year 182 1, on a Friday in May, 
Thomas Greaves Gary married Mary Anne 
Gushing, daughter of Thomas Handasyd and 
Sarah Elliot Perkins. In spite of the omi- 
nous day chosen for the wedding, the marriage 
was highly blessed with mutual affection, 
prosperity and a numerous family. Of the 
seven children, Mary Louisa married Cor- 
nelius Conway Felton, professor of Greek, 
and later president of Harvard LTniversity. 
Elizabeth Cabot married Louis .Agassiz, of 
Neuchatel, Switzerland, founder of the 
Zoological Museum at Harvard, and author 
of many celebrated works on Zoology and 
Paljeontology. Thomas Graves Cary. Caro- 
line Gardiner who married Charles P. Curtis. 
Sarah Gray Cary. Emma Forbes Cary. Rich- 
ard Cary married Helen Eugenia, daughter 
of Philo and Georgiana Albertina Homer 

Shelton. He was captain in the Second ]\Ias- 
sachusetts Regiment of Infantry and died on 
the field of Cedar Aiountain, August 11, 1862. 

Thomas Greaves Cary was a man of scholar- 
ly tastes, wrote with ease and elegance, and 
was an attractive speaker. Several pamphlets 
written by him to meet the political or com- 
mercial crisis of his day were considered by 
the leading men of the times to be of great 
value. His memoir of Thomas Handasyd 
Perkins is an interesting work, giving a vivid 
picture of one of the eminent merchants of 
old Boston. 

Mr. Cary was president of the Boston 
Athenreum from 1844 to 1859. He was con- 
nected with the management of the "Perkins 
Institution for the Blind," (as it was then call- 
ed) and of various other works of philan- 

This useful life ended on the third of July, 


Thomas Handasyd Perkins, father of Mary 
Perkins, who married Thomas Greaves Cary, 
was born in Boston, December 15, 1764, and 
died in Brookline, Massachusetts, January 11, 
1854. His father, James Perkins, was a Bos- 
ton merchant, a man of influence and large 
means, and married December 29, 1755, Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of Thomas Handasyd Peck, 
importer, and dealer in furs and hats, of Bos- 
ton. Children of James and Elizabeth (Peck) 
Perkins, all born in Boston : Elizabeth, Janu- 
ary 18, 1756; Ann Maynard, May 25, 1759; 
James, March 30, 1761 ; Thomas, December 
15, 1764; Samuel, May 24, 1767; Mary, May 
24, 1769; Esther, March 28, 1771 ; Margaret, 
March 27, 1773. 

Thomas Handasyd Perkins was educated 
in Boston public schools and privately, and 
after passing several years in a Boston count- 
ing house, visited his brother Tames in Santo 
Domingo, in 1785, and soon became associated 
with him in business pursuits. However, the 
climate of that region proved injurious to his 
health, and he soon returned to Boston and 
devoted his attention to the interests of the 
firm in this country. In 1789 he went as su- 
percargo to Batavia and Canton, and in the 
latter citv established the firm of Perkins & 
Co., and had charge of its business there ; he 
also made a number of successful ventures in 
the Pacific, on the northwest coast of Amer- 
ica. The principal firm of which he was a 
member was that of J. & T. H. Perkins, which 
for thirty years was remarkable both for the 
magnitude and success of its enterprises, al- 
though during the negro insurrection in the 



West Indies in 1795 the firm suffered very 
heavy losses. 

James Perkins, senior partner of the firm, 
died in 1822, and soon afterward Mr. Thomas 
H. Perkins retired from active business pur- 
suits. In 1805 he was elected to a seat in the 
senate of the general court of Massachusetts, 
and during much of that time for the next 
eighteen years represented Boston in one or 
the other of the branches of that body. In 
1827 he was the principal founder and incor- 
porator of the Quincy railroad, for which the 
claim is made that it was the first railroad 
constructed and operated in this country. 
About this time he was commissioned lieuten- 
ant-colonel of Massachusetts militia, hence the 
title of Colonel, by which he was familiarly 
addressed. In 1823 he gave his house and lands 
in Pearl street, Boston, a property conserva- 
tively estimated to be worth $50,000, for what 
afterward became known as the Perkins In- 
stitution and ^Massachusetts Asylum for the 
Blind. The only condition of this munificent 
gift was that the sum of $50,000 should be 
raised by popular subscription for its main- 
tenance, which was done, although he also 
contributed to that fund. He was one of the 
largest donors to the fund for the establish- 
ment of the Massachusetts General Hospital, 
the largest contributor to the Mercantile Li- 
brary Association, and with other members of 
his family gave more than $60,000 to the Bos- 
ton Athenjeum. He also took an active part 
in the erection of Bunker Hill monument, and 
likewise was deeply interested in urging for- 
ward the work of completion of the Washing- 
ton monument. While living; in Europe and 
at other times he wrote diaries and autobio- 
graphical sketches which in part were publish- 
ed in Air. Thomas Greaves Gary's memoir of 
him. In 1788 Thomas Handasyd Perkins mar- 
ried the only daughter of Simon Elliot, Es- 
quire, and this was a union which lasted more 
than sixty years. It was begun with the ne- 
cessity for rigid economy, but the connection 
doubtless gave an important turn to his busi- 
ness career, for it led to an intimate acquaint- 
ance with Captain James Magee, a relative of 
Mrs. Perkins, who had made one voyage to 
China ; and it was in the ship ".\strea," Cap- 
tain Magee, master, that he sailed as super- 
cargo, bound for Batavia and Canton in 1789. 

The surname Guild, Guld, Guide 
GUILD or Guile, is of Scotch origin, the 

records showing the surname as 
early as 1449, when one Alexander Guide 
owned property at Sterling. In the sixteenth 

century we find the family in Dundee, and in 
the seventeenth in Forfarshire and Perth. The 
Scotch family may have descended from the 
Guille family of the Isle of Guernsey, the 
original seat of which was on the bay called 
Saint, in the parish of St. Martin. Accord- 
ing to tradition they were there before or at 
the time of the Conquest. At the dedication 
of the St. Pierre du Bois Church, in 1167, 
John Guille is mentioned as one of the honor- 
able gentlemen present. The name of Guille 
is said to be Xorman, probably the Norman 
form of the Latin Acgidins, or Giles, in Eng- 
lish. The Scotch coat-of-arms of Guilds 
closely resembles that of the Guernsey family 
named Guille. 

The American families of Guild and Guile 
are descended from two brothers, John Guild, 
mentioned below, and Samuel Guild, who with 
their sister Ann arrived in Massachusetts 
about 1636 and settled in Dedham. They were 
probablv quite young when they came, and it 
is conjectured that Ann was the oldest, being 
about twenty, John about eighteen, and Sam- 
uel sixteen years of age. Ann married, March 
16. 1638, James Allen, and in 1649 settled in 
INIedfield. Massachusetts, adjoining Dedham. 
Samuel Guild went in 1640 to Newbury, Alas- 
sachusetts, and soon afterward joined the set- 
tlement at Haverhill. 

(I) John Guild, immigrant ancestor of this 
branch of the family, was born probably in 
England about 161 6, and came to America in 
1636, with his brother Samuel and sister Ann. 
He was admitted to the church at Dedham, 
July 17, 1640, and the same year bought 
twelve acres of upland upon which he built 
a house, which was occupied by himself and 
descendants for more than two hundred years. 
He was admitted a freeman May 10, 1643, 
and as one of the original grantees was as- 
signed three roods and twelve rods of land, to 
which he added by further grants and pur- 
chases much real estate in Dedham, Wren- 
tham, ]\Iedfield and Natick. He was thor- 
oughly honest in all his dealings, industrious 
and frugal, modest in his deportment, and re- 
tiring in his habits. He never held any of- 
fice, and the town records show that he at- 
tended town meetings but once in several 
years, and then on an occasion of considerable 
excitement in relation to making alterations 
and additions to the meeting house. He mar- 
ried, June 24, 1645, Elizabeth Crooke, of Rox- 
bury, who died August 31, 1699. She was dis- 
missed from the Roxbury church July 4. 1649. 
He died October 4, 1682. His will is dated 
October 3, and proved November 3, 1682. 



Children: i. John, bom August 22, 1646; 
died young. 2. Samuel, born November 17, 
1647; mentioned below. 3. John, born No- 
vember 29, 1649; married Sarah Fisher. 4. 
Eliezur, born November 30, 1653; died June 
30, 1655. 5. Ebenezer, born December 21, 
1657; died April 21, 166 1. 6. Elizabeth, born 
January 18, 1660. 7. Benjamin, born May 
25, 1664; died young. 

(II) Samuel, son of John Guild, was born 
in Dedham, Massachusetts, November 7, 1647, 
and died there January i, 1730. He was a 
soldier in King Philip's war in 1675, a pri- 
vate in Captain Mosely's company. He was 
admitted a freeman at Salem in T^Iay, 1678, 
and in 1703 was one of a committee to invest 
and manage the school funds ; was selectman 
of Dedham, 1693 to 1713; and deputy to the 
general court in 1719. He married, Novem- 
ber 29, 1767, Mary Woodcock, born March 9, 
1631-32, daughter of Samuel and Ann (Her- 
ring) ^\'oodcock, of Dedham. Children: i. 
Samuel, born October 12, 1677; married 
Sarah Hartshorn. 2. Nathaniel, born Janu- 
ary 12, 1678; mentioned below. 3. Mary, 
born May 9, 1681 ; died May 27, 1768; mar- 
ried. May, 1 7 14, John Euller, of Dedham. 4. 
John, born June 18, 1683; died October 29, 
1684. 5. Deborah, born September 16, 1685. 
6. John, born October 2, 1687; married Abi- 
gail Robinson. 7. Israel, born June 11, 1690; 

married Sarah . 8. Ebenezer, born 

July 2^. 1692 ; married Abigail Daggett. 9. 
Joseph, born September 13, 1694: married 
Abigail Fisher, Hannah Curtis and Beulah 
Peck. 10. Elizabeth, born April 14, 1697. 

(III) Nathaniel, son of Samuel Guild, was 
born in Dedham, January 12, 1678, and died 
there January 28, 1774. He was appointed by 
Governor Belcher. October 10, 1736, ensign in 
Captain Eben Woodward's Second Foot Com- 
pany. He married ?^Iehitable Farrington, or 
Hartshorn, who died February 10. 1771. Chil- 
dren: I. Mehitable, born February 18, 1707- 
08; married, September 23, 1726, Jacob Ellis. 
2. ]\Iary, born October 24. 1709; married 
John Alorse. 3. Nathaniel, born March 20, 
1712: married (first) Mary Boyden ; (second) 
Ann Rhodes. 4. Susanna, born November 
23, 1 713; died September 2, 17 14. 5. Sus- 
anna, born Jime 6, 1717; died September 13, 
1742; married December 11, 1735, Jacob Hart. 
6. Samuel, born July 13, 1719. 7. Rebecca, 
born September 6. 1721 : died .April 21, 1793: 
married, January 28, 1742. Deacon Samuel 
Cony. 8. Sarah, born April 18, 1723 ; married, 
November i. 1748, Jonathan Billings Jr. 9. 

Moses, born Alay 14, 1725; married Rhoda 
Mann. 10. Aaron, mentioned below. 

(1\') Aaron, son of Nathaniel Guild, was 
born in Dedham, April 5, 1728, died at South 
Dedham, February 3, 1818. He was known 
as Esquire Aaron, and more commonly as 
Major Aaron. He was in the Revolution, in 
Captain Fales' company. Colonel Nichols' 
regiment, as ensign, and answered the Lex- 
ington alarm. The family genealogy says that 
when the news of the war came, he with his 
son Aaron was plowing in a field in front of 
the house, and that he left his oxen and 
plough standing in the furrow to hasten to 
the scence of action, arriving in time to fire 
upon the British, who were fleeing towards 
Boston. During the war he held various of- 
fices. Member of committee of safety, 1774; 
muster master, 1775 ; in 1779 was a member 
of the committee to make provisions for the 
families of non-commissioned officers and sol- 
diers, and in 1780-81 served on the commit- 
tee of correspondence and safety. He mar- 
ried (first) June i, 1752, Sarah Cony, born 
April 18, 1733, died February 18, 1755, 
daughter of Nathaniel Jr., and Sarah Cony. 
He married (second) Anna Cony, born Sep- 
tember 2^. 1728, daughter of Nathaniel Sr. 
and Abigail ( Ayer ) Cony. He married 
(third) December 11, 1777, Sarah May, 
of Stoughton, a widow, who died June 6, 
1812. He is said to have brought her home 
with her three daughters and household goods 
in an ox cart. Children of first wife: i. 
Aaron, born January 4, 1753; married Lydia 
Bacon. 2. Oliver, born January 29, 1755 ; 
married Anna liullard. Children of second 
wife: 3. Sarah, born August 27, 1757, died 
January 2;^. 1842; married, October 18, 1778, 
Abiathar Fales. 4. Jacob, born April 23, 
1760, married Chloe May. 5. Annah, born 
^larch 19, 1762; married, March 18, 1784, 
Jonathan Fuller. 6. Joel, born January 20, 
1765; mentioned below. 7. Abner, born May 
28, 1767; died May 12, 1792. 8. Priscilla, 
born April 2^, 1770: married November 24. 
1789, David Lewis. 9. John, born August 5, 
1772; married Rebecca Eaton. 10. Nathaniel, 
born June 23, 1775; married Hannah Tyler. 

(V) Joel, son of Aaron Guild, was born 
in South Dedham, January 20, 1765, and died 
there January 14, 1842. He was a farmer 
and blacksmith at South Dedham. He mar- 
ried, January 4, 1789, Hannah Weatherbee, 
born May 13, 1766, died January 14, 1842. 
Children, born in South Dedham: i. Clar- 
issa, born June 23, 1792; died March 3, 1854; 



married, September 7, 181 5, Jesse Morse. 2. 
Reuben, born September 20, 1793; married 
Olive Morse. 3. Joel, born February 11, 
1796: mentioned below. 4. Abner, born No- 
vember 27, 1798; married Mary Fairbanks. 5. 
Benjamin, born June 14, 1800; married Electa 
A. Keith. 6. Horace, born November 24, 
1802 ; married Amelia Fisher. 7. Hannah, 
born May 25, 1805 ; married, June 25, 1825, 
Rufus Ellis. 8. Warren, born :\Iay i, 1808; 
married Julia A. Woodward. 9. Louisa, born 
June 2, 1811; married (first) February 4, 
1829, Lewis Ellis; (second) November 20, 
1843, Samuel Green. 

(VI) Joel, son of Joel and Hannah 
(\\'eatherbee) Guild, was born in South 
Dedham, February 11, 1796, and died in Nor- 
wood (formerly South Dedham), December 
3, 1865. He was a blacksmith and fanner, and 
lived in that part of Dedham which became 
Norwood. He married, at Holliston, June i, 
1822, Lucretia Phipps, born May 15, 1801, 
died January 14, 1890, daughter of William 
and Lucretia (Plympton) Phipps, of Ashland. 
Children: i. Joel Anson, born April 13, 
1823 ; mentioned below. 2. Lucretia Jane, 
born September 27, 1825 ; married, April 24, 
1854, John Newell Smith, of South Walpole, 
who died April 15, 1881 ; children: i. Walter 
Newell, born May 19, 1855, married Sarah 
Chase, of Taunton, Alassachusetts, in August, 
1883: ii. ]\Ielville Guild, born 1857, died 1908, 
married, in 1887, Hattie Lawrence Bennett, 
of Providence Rhode Island, died 1891 ; chil- 
dren : Carl Ellis, 1888-1891, and Hattie Law- 
rence, 1891-1891 : iii. Lillian Jane, born July 
19, 1859. married ]\Iay 22, 1879, Charles Her- 
bert Carter, of Franklin, Massachusetts ; chil- 
dren : Blanche Newell, born September 17, 
1 88 1, married H. Howard Noyes, of Chicago, 
April 24, 1907, child Newell Carter born July 
15, 1908: Florence Putnam, November 4, 
1883— September 6, 1884; Herbert Melville, 
born January 2, 1891 ; iv. Ada Estella, born 
March 19, 1870, married, October, 1894, 
Charles Heritage Woodbury, who died April 
26, 1907, aged 27; child, Marion Guild, born 
May 5, 1903. 3. John Phipps, born March 
23. 1828, died young. 4. Emily Augusta, born 
October 3, 1836; married, February 11, 1856, 
Lyman B. Nichols, of West Amesbury ; chil- 
dren : i. Emma Alcena, born March 26, 1857, 
married, November 24, i88r, Charles F. Foss ; 
child. Dr. Ralph Emery, born January 22, 
1883, now of Peabody; ii. Horace Lyman, 
born February 22, i860, died February 11, 
1864: iii. Herbert Foster, born August 6, 

1862, died February 6, 1864; iv. Lizzie Alice, 
born December 12, 1864, married William 
Farmer, of Salem, who died at Thomas Hos- 
pital, in Peabody, Massachusetts, October 27, 
1909; child, Ruth Nichols, born in Salem, Oc- 
tober 5, 1890; V. Louis Lyman, born April 
2, 1867, married, June 16, 1897, Mary Louise 
Teague, of Peabody; children: Philip Gard- 
ner, born in Peabody, April 7, 1899, and John 
Teague, born in Peabody, December 15, 1905; 
vi. Jennie Florence, born C)ctober 31, 1869; 
vii. Edmund Sargent, born October 8, 1872, 
married, October 5, 1898, Alice Merrill Saw- 
yer, of Peabody; children: Horace Sawyer, 
born in Peabody, July 2, 1899, and Emily 
Guild, born in Peabody, March 12, 1901 ; viii. 
Marion Rogers, born August 7, 1875 ; ix. 
Harry Guild, born June 15, 1883, married, 
October 14, 1908, Grace Silsbee Kezar, of Sa- 
lem ; child : Kezar Guild, born 1909. 5. 
Susan Elizabeth, born February 11, 1842. 

(VII) Joel Anson, son of Joel Guild, 
was born at South Deadham, (now Norwood) 
Massachusetts, April 13, 1823, died in Brook- 
line, March 15, 1890. He was educated in pri- 
vate schools and lived on the homestead. On 
the death of his father in 1865, his mother 
continued to live on the place a short time, then 
moved to the Phipps homestead in Ashland, 
Massachusetts, and afterwards lived with her 
daughter, Mrs. Emily Nichols, in Peabody, 
Massachusetts, until her death in January, 
1890, at an advanced age. When a young man 
he worked in the office of the registrar of 
deeds at Dedham, and later for Benjamin 
Boyden, in South Dedham, as clerk in his 
grocery store. He purchased a grocery busi- 
ness of Jerry Davenport near the old Punch 
Bowl Tavern, in Brookline, Massachusetts, in 
1847, and for many years conducted it with 
success. He erected a brick business block 
which bears his name, at the corner of Wash- 
ington and Boylston streets, Brookline, a few 
years later, and located his store there, build- 
ing up a very extensive business, which he 
conducted until his retirement in 1876, when 
he sold his interest to Francis H. Bacon. Mr. 
Guild held many positions of public and pri- 
vate trust, being on the board of assessors of 
the town of Brookline for a period of eleven 
years, previous to 1876 for a number of years 
a prominent member and treasurer of the 
First Parish Church, also treasurer of the 
Bethany Sunday School building fund for 
two years, a member of Beth-horon Lodge of 
Free Masons until his death, having served as 
treasurer of the same for a long period. He 



■l^ O-VL-'^'t^^l'^'^'^' 



was also treasurer of the Brookline Social 
Club, vice-president of the Brookline Savings 
Bank for several years, president of the First 
National Bank from its organization until his 
death, and treasurer of the Brookline Electric 
Light Company for two years before its con- 
solidation with the Brookline Gas Company. 
He was faithful to every trust and efficient in 
every office that he filled. It was a lifelong 
habit to give to every duty and task that fell 
to his lot the very best of his powers, working 
conscientiously and thoroughly. His final ill- 
ness was caused by overwork at a time when 
the burden of the assessor's office fell chiefly 
upon him. Those who were in his employ were 
among his most sincere friends, for he was 
considerate and just and never unreasonable 
in his demands or harsh in his dealings with 
employees. He possessed to the fullest degree 
the love and respect of those intimately asso- 
ciated with him in social and business life. He 
was pleasant and agreeable as a companion, of 
uniform good temper and kindly disposition. 
He was distinctly popular in all walks of life, 
and had many friends among the humble as 
well as the influential, the poor as well as the 
rich. He was especially devoted to his family 
and honored and beloved in his home. He 
loved music and sang for many years in the 
famous Handel and Haydn Society of Bos- 
ton. In politics he was a Republican, and for 
a considerable period was active and influen- 
tial in the choice of candidates and in the sup- 
port of the policies of his party. He was a 
lover of nature, and cultivated flowers in his 
garden as a form of recreation, enjoying 
the work. He was a member of the Massa- 
chusetts Horticultural Society. He loved ani- 
mals, especially dogs and horses, and owned 
some fine thoroughbreds. He was fond of 
hunting and fishing, spending many happy 
hours in the woods, and numbered many 
sportsmen of similar tastes among his friends. 
During the funeral services the stores in 
Brookline were closed as a mark of honor, and 
flags floated at half mast on all the public 
buildings. The inscription on his monument 
is "Well done, good and faithful servant". 

He married (first) December 22, 1851, Sus- 
anna Howard Foster, of Brookline, born Oc- 
tober 22, 1822, died April 22, 1873, daughter 
of Lemuel and Sarah (Ford) Foster. He 
married (second) September i, 1874, Sarah 
Ella ]\Iaynard, born at Portsmouth, Rhode Is- 
land, March 28, 1850, daughter of William 
and Patience (Brownell) Maynard, of Ports- 
mouth. By his first wife he had one child, 

Sarah Foster, born in Brookline, July 12, 1855, 
married, October 29, 1878, George Rogers, 
of Brookline, born in Boston, Alay 29, 
185 1, died at Bar Harbor, Maine, August 13, 
1908. Children: i. Madelaine Guild, born 
September 16, 1879, a student at Smith Col- 
lege. 2. Grace Hovey, born January 31, 
188 1. 3. Ethel Dana, born September 23, 


John Rogers, grandfather of George Ro- 
gers, aforementioned, was born in Gloucester, 
December i, 1748. He was a graduate of 
Harvard College, 1767, and died in Boston, 
November 24, 1827. 

Obituary notice of Joliii Rogers Esq., who 
died at Gloucester, November 24, 1827: The 
death of the venerable John Rogers Esq., of 
this town, has already called forth expressions 
of respect for his character, and gratitude for 
his public services and Christian example, 
which are awarded only to "the memory of 
the just". But our fellow-citizens will not 
be satisfied without a public record of his vir- 
tues, and of the principal services which he 
rendered to the community. We shall trace 
his history to Rev. John Rogers, of London. 
Prebendary of St. Paul's, Vicar of St. Sepul- 
chre's, and Reader of Divinity. This eminent 
defender of Protestantism was one of the 
principal authors of the first English trans- 
lation of the Bible.- His learning and zeal ren- 
dered him a dangerous opponent of the 
Church of Rome ; and he was selected as the 
first martyr in Queen Mary's reign. He was 
burnt at Smithfield, February 4, 1555. 

(I) John Rogers, of London, left ten chil- 
dren. It is not known from which of these 
the family was descended, to which our friend 
belonged ; but there are several facts, which 
lead us to suppose that his name was John. It 
is known only that some of them were minis- 
ters, and that the one to which we refer, died 
at an early age. 

( III) Rev. John Rogers, of Dedham, in 
Essex, was educated by one of his uncles. He 
was first settled at Haverhill, in Suffolk, but 
for the last thirty-one years of his life was a 
highly distinguished preacher at Dedham. 

(IV) Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, second son 
of John Rogers, of Dedham, was born at Ha- 
verhill, England, about the year 1598, and was 
educated at Emanuel College, Cambridge. Af- 
ter preaching about ten years he removed to 
America, to avoid the storm of persecution. 
He arrived in November, 1635: and in 1638, 
February 20th, was ordained colleague pastor 
with Mr. Ward or Mr. Norton, of the church 



at Ipswich. Massachusetts. He died July 2nd, 
1655, aged 57. Nathaniel Rogers possessed 
a slender constitution and feeble health ; but 
he was eminently distinguished for his learn- 
ing and piety. Cotton Mather says of him: 
"He was one of the greatest men that ever 
set foot on the American strand." 

(V) Rev. John Rogers, eldest son of Na- 
thaniel, was born in England, about the year 
1630; came with his father to New England, 
and was educated at Harvard College. He 
preached occasionally at Ipswich, but devoted 
most of his time to the practice of physic until 
1683, when he was chosen president of Har- 
vard College. He died on Commencement 
day, July 2nd, 1684. 

(VI) Rev. John Rogers, born July 7th, 
1666, was eldest son of the former. He was 
educated at Harvard College, and settled as 
colleague pastor with Rev. Jabez Fitch, at Ips- 
wich. He was an eminent preacher, and a 
pattern of virtue, and continued in the min- 
istry till his death, December 28th, 1745. 

(VII) Rev. John Rogers, eldest son of the 
former, was born January 19th, 1692; was 
educated at Harvard College, and settled at 
Kittery. He died October i6th, 1773. 

(Vlin Rev. John Rogers, pastor of the 
church in the Town Parish, Gloucester, was 
the eldest son of Mr. Rogers of Kittery. He 
was born August 7th, 1719'; educated at Har- 
vard College, and died October 4th, 1732. 

(IX) John Rogers Esq., was the eldest son 
of Rev. John Rogers, of Gloucester. He was 
born at Gloucester, December i, (old style) 
1748; was educated for college partly by his 
father and partly by his grandfather at Kit- 
tery, and graduated at Cambridge in 1767. He 
died November 24th, 1827. Immediately after 
he graduated he commenced teaching a school 
in Manchester. He afterwards engaged in the 
same employment at Gloucester, and continued 
in it for more than forty years. In 1782 he 
was elected town clerk, and continued faith- 
fully to perform the duties of that office till 
the time of his death, a period of almost forty- 
six years. His integrity and the stability of 
his principles were so well known and highly 
appreciated, that his claims to this office were 
scarcely disputed, even in times of the highest 
political excitement. It has been justly re- 
marked, that this fact is also highly creditable 
to his fellow-citizens. 

Mr. Rogers held the office of notary public 
for many years; and discharged the duties of 

Note. — The dates mentioned in the above notice, 
which occurred before the alteration of the Style, are 
given in Old Style. 

several temporary offices with uniform pro- 
priety. As a man of business, he was dis- 
tinguished for punctuality and exactness. 
These, added to his integrity and a mind clear, 
prompt, and vigorous, were the qualifications 
which he brought to every duty. It was easy 
at all times to discover in him that indepen- 
dence of principle, which rendered his ances- 
tors so eminent in times of persecution. It is 
not common in these days, when all opinions 
are tolerated and the way to heaven is ren- 
dered so broad that few or none can miss it, 
for any one to find occasion to manifest the 
boldness and inflexibility which distinguished 
the martyrs ; but in ;\Ir. Rogers they showed 
themselves so fully, even in the smallet con- 
cerns, as to leave no doubt that his virtue 
was equal to any trial. 

His education was designed to prepare lum 
for the ministry, but he entertained doubts of 
his spiritual preparation, and these continued 
to embarrass his mind even to an advanced 
age. About ten years since, a striking im- 
provement took place in his feelings and ha- 
bits ; and since that period he has given ample 
evidence to his friends and the world that 
Christian faith and charity were living and 
abiding principles within him. But, by sev- 
eral causes, he was prevented from making a 
public profession of religion till about a year 
before his death. All who knew him in- 
timately will bear witness, that his soul was 
refreshed with the elements of life, and that 
he has enjoyed peace in believing. The ex- 
ample of Mr. Rogers is highly valuable, when 
we consider him as the friend of civil, social, 
and religious order : as the zealous and faith- 
ful supporter of public worship ; as the warm 
friend of the ministry ; as one who delighted 
to tread the courts of the Lord. 

The children of ]\Ir. Rogers were four sons 
and four daughters ; two only of the latter sur- 
vive him. His affection for his children and 
for his family connections was very remark- 
able : but were we to attempt a description of 
his domestic virtues our failure would but add 
to the pain which his death has inflicted. He 
retained his reason even in his last moments, 
and employed them in giving the most salutary 
advice to his children and friends. His mind 
was perfectly calm. — the glorious morning of 
the resurrection seemed to be dawning upon 
his soul ; he welcomed it as the messenger sent 
to prove his love, and replied "Lord Thou 
knowest all things ; Thou knowest that I love 

"Though round his breast the rolling clouds were spread 
Eternal sunshine settled on his head." 

f / 

Ltms Hisiorical Fu-l Co 



George Rogers, father of George Rogers, 
aforementioned, was born in Gloucester, 
June 17, 1792, died July 30, 1863. He 
was reared in Gloucester, prepared for 
college in its public schools, and was 
proficient in Hebrew and Greek. He 
studied law with Judge Abbott, and had as 
associates Rufus Choate, Albert Treat and 
other eminent men. He was one of the incor- 
porators of the Douglas Axe Manufacturing 
Company, becoming its treasurer and later its 
president, in which latter position he con- 
tinued until his death. He took a deep inter- 
est in religious matters and was deacon of 
Xehemiah Adams Union Church and later 
was connected with the old Essex Street 
Church. He was a man of sound judgment 
and good business qualities, and was at differ- 
ent times appointed administrator and settled 
a number of estates. He died July 30, 1863. 
He married for his third wife Mrs. John 
Doane, whose maiden name was Sarah Caro- 
line Hovey, born in Charlestovvn, Massachu- 
setts, June 19, 1809, died in Brookline, Au- 
gust 25, 1898. She married (first) October 
4, 1830, John Doane of Charlestown, Massa- 
chusetts, by whom she had five children: i. 
John Francis, born September 21, 1831, de- 
ceased. 2. Arthur Somerville, born October 
8, 1833, married Alarch. 1887, Sara Hatha- 
way Rowan, of Mississippi ; in engraving bus- 
iness on Kilby street, Boston. 3. Frederick 
Henry, born October 30, 1835, resides in Par- 
sons, Kansas ; married Selena Harlan, of Mis- 
souri ; children, Frederick, deceased, and 
Adele. 4. Sarah Hovey, born June 22, 1839, 
married Samuel A. Wheelright, of Boston, 
since deceased ; children : i. Isabelle, married 
Edward W'estcott Peckham, of Rhode Island, 
children : Margaret and Ellen ; and ii. Harral, 
deceased. 5. Heman, died in infancy. Chil- 
dren of George and Sarah Caroline (Hovey 
Doane) Rogers: i. Isabel, died in infancy. 
2. Caroline Frothingham, born May 23, 1847, 
died September 7. 1866. 3. George Jr.. see 
forward. 4. Grace Adams, born February 
22, 1856: married November 5, 1879, Joseph 
Daniefs Leland, of Boston, who died January 
17, 1887: children, Amory, born in Boston, 
August 15, 1880; Elizabeth Carter, born in 
Longwood, Massachusetts, October 8, 1883; 
Joseph Daniels, born in Longwood, June 16, 
1885, a student at Harvard College. 

George Rogers, aforementioned as the hus- 
band of Sarah Foster Guild, was born in Bos- 
ton, May 29, 185 1, and educated in the pub- 
lic schools there. Although urged by his 

father to enter Harvard College and study for 
the ministry, he preferred a business career, 
and when a young man became engaged in the 
boot and shoe business as a traveling sales- 
man, remaining for a short period of time. 
He then entered the Douglas Axe Manufac- 
turing Company, of which his father was 
formerly president and treasurer, and re- 
mained with this company until it dissolved. 
Later he took a position with the N. Boynton 
& Sons Company, now Wellington, Sears & 
Company, remaining with them until 1907, 
when because of failing health he retired and 
established an agency at Xo. 120 Milk street 
for the sale of coal for concerns having offices 
in Charlestown, Cambridge, Boston and 
Brookline, which business he continued up to 
the time of his death. He took an active in- 
terest in the public affairs of Brookline and 
filled the office of auditor for several terms. 
He was a charter member of the Riverdale 
Casino of Brookline. His favorite diversion 
was fishing, and he was also a devotee of 
tennis and of various indoor games such as 
bowling and billiards. The house in Garland 
street, Boston, where he was born, is the 
original "Hale House." It has been used by 
that organization for several years, and still 
remains in the possession of the Rogers fam- 
ily. Mr. and "Sirs. Rogers celebrated the an- 
niversary of their silver wedding, October 29, 
1903. The minister who married them. Rev. 
Howard N. Brown, now of King's Chapel, 
Boston, and all the ushers were present, an 
unusual occurrence. 

The following was written by Mr. Charles 
F. Read, of Brookline, Massachusetts, on Mr. 
Rogers' death. August 13, 1908, and was pub- 
lished by him in the Brookline Chronicle of 
August 22, 1908: "The news of the death of 
Mr. George Rogers brought sorrow to a large 
circle of relations and friends; to the writer, 
who had been close to him for almost fifty 
years, his passing caused grief exceeded only 
by that of his immediate family. Although 
Mr. Rogers' health had steadily failed for 
several months, it was hoped that he might 
yet be restored to health and regain the 
particularly fresh and manly vigor that had 
been his for so many years. He was happiest 
in his home life when surrounded by his fam- 
ily, and they were to him pleasant moments 
when his friends were partaking of his hos- 
pitalitv. Although not a native of Brookline, 
he had learned by long residence to love the 
town and its institutions and it was to him 
a pleasant place to dwell in. He was also glad 




to serve the municipality in an official capacity 
and he did the service skillfully and faith- 
fully." In recognition of his services as audi- 
tor, the flag on the town hall was at half- 

The surname of this family, 
TAPPAN originally written Topham, or 

De Topham, was assumed 
from a place of that name in Yorkshire, up- 
on the introduction of surnames in England. 
The family of Topham anciently possessed 
the greater part of the vale of Coverdale, in 
Yorkshire, and Richard Topham, from whom 
there has been a continual male succession, 
held the lordship and property of Caldburgh, 
in Coverdale, during the time of Henry V., 
1420. The earliest mention of the family in 
the registry of the Archbishop of York is 
found in the will of John Topham, of Pately 
Bridge, West Riding of Yorkshire, dated 
May r, 1403. It divides his property between 
his wife Elizabeth and his sons and daugh- 
ters. In England the name is spelled Top- 
han, Topham, Toppan and Tappan ; in Amer- 
ican the two spellings of Tappan and Toppin 
are in common use. 

(I) Robert Topham resided at Linton, near 
Pately Bridge, Yorkshire, England. His will 
made in January, 1550, proved in the archbi- 
shop's court at York in February same year, 
mentions sons Edward, Thomas, John, Wil- 
liam and Robert ; daughter Agnes ; a legacy 
to Ellen Topham ; and appoints his son Rob- 
ert executor. 

(II) Thomas, second son of Robert Top- 
ham, was of Arnecliffe in Craven, and died 
in 1589. His will was dated April 24, 1588, 
and in it he desires to be buried in the church 
of Arnecliffe ; mentions wife Isabel ; sons Ed- 
ward, Anthony, Eawrence, Henry and Wil- 
liam ; daughter Isabella ; and legacies to each 
of his grandchildren. Of his children, Ed- 
ward will be mentioned below ; Anthony was 
also of Arnecliffe, and his will, dated July, 
1623, mentions wife Agnes, son Anthony, 
daughter Isabel and brother Lawrence ; Law- 
rence, from whom are descended Sir William 
Topham and the Tophams of Holderness and 
Middleham Hall, was of Calbridge in Cover- 
ham, and his wife's name was .\gnes. 

(HI) Edward, eldest child of Thomas and 
Isabel Topham, was of Aiglethorpe, near 
Linton. His pedigree is recorded in the Col- 
lege-of-Arms with the following armorial 
bearings : Arms : Ar. chev. gu. between three 
cranes' heads, cr. sa. Crest: Two serpents en- 

twined about a Maltese cross, patee, fichee. 
Motto: Cruce non prudentia. The Tappan 
coat of arms may be seen in the public li- 
brary in Newburyport, Massachusetts. His 

wife's name was Margery . Children : 

I. Henry, reader of Gray's Inn, London, Es- 
quire, parish of St. Martyne, city of York. His 
will is dated April 29, 1612, and he married 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Darley, of Kill- 
inghunt. 2. Edward, counsellor of Gray's 
Inn, Esquire, married Anne, daughter of 
John Scroope, of Danby; had six children, 
one of whom, Erancis, married Mary, daugh- 
ter of Sir Edward Payler, Baronet ; another 
Henry was slain at Marston Moor, 1644. 3. 
Matthew, an alderman of the city of York, 
died 1633. 4. William, see forward. 5. Chris- 
topher, of York, died 1626. 6. Godfrey. 7. 

(IV) William, fourth son of Edward and 
Margery Topham, resided some time at Cal- 
bridge. He spelled his name Toppan, or 
Tophan. He had wife Cecelia, and children : 
Abraham, see forward ; Cecelia (Cicely), bap- 
tized February 27, 1608 ; Isaac, died January, 

(\') Abraham, son of William and Cecelia 
Toppan, was baptized April 10, 1606, lived 
for some time in Yarmouth, county Nor- 
folk, and died November 5, 1672, in the house 
on "Toppan Lane" which he had built about 
1670 for his son Jacob ; this house was still 
standing in 1907, and until recently was 
owned and occupied without interruption by 
his descendants. May 10, 1637. Abraham 
Toppan, his wife, two children, his wife's 
mother and servant, Anne Goodin, sailed 
from Yarmouth in the ship "Mary Ann" 
("Rose"?) for New England. He was ad- 
mitted into the township of Newbury, Massa- 
chusetts, October 16, 1637, and at various 
times in the following year grants of land 
were made him, and he built his dwelling 
house near the meeting house, a few rods 
north of the house of Richard Adams, and 
between that house and another, owned by 
the heirs of the late Joseph Toppan, a de- 
scendant. He made sundry voyages to the 
Barbadoes, some of which were profitable, 
bringing home sugar, cotton, wool and mo- 
lasses. In his will, dated June 30, 1670, he 
savs he has done for his son Peter more than 
he can for the other children. He married 
Susanna Taylor, born in 1607, died March 
20, 1689, daughter of Susanna Taylor, who 
inherited considerable property from a sec- 
ond husband. John Goodale, of Yarmouth, 


220 1 

and who died in Newbury, April 8, 1647. Chil- 
dren : I. Peter, see forward. 2. Elizabeth, 
born in England, October 16, 1635 > married, 
March 21, 1657, Samuel Alighill, of Rowley. 
3. Abraham, born in Newbury, 1644 ; mar- 
ried, November 9, 1670, Ruth, daughter of 
John Pike ; children all died young at Wood- 
bridge, New Jersey. 4. Jacob, mentioned 
elsewhere. 5. Susanna, born in Newbury, 
June 13, 1649. 6. John, born in Newbury, 
April 23, 165 1 ; married (first) September 3, 
1688, J\Iartha Brown : (second) 1717, Ruth 
Heard. 7. Isaac, born in Newbury, removed 
to W'oodbridge, Middlesex county. New Jer- 
sey, with his brother Abraham, under the au- 
spices of the colony in charge of Rev. John 
Woodbridge, in the summer of 1665 ! married 
(first) September 29, 1669, Hannah Kent ; 
(second) March 27, 1691. Mary [March. Many 
of his descendants are now in New Jersey, at 
Liberty, Indiana, and in the middle west. 

(VI) Dr. Peter Tappan, eldest child of 
Abraham and Susanna (Taylor) Toppan, was 
born in England, in 1634, and died November 
3, 1701, from the effects of a fall. He was a 
physician in Newbury and a member of one 
of the five companies into which the sheep 
owners of Newbury were divided, being the 
third largest owner, with eighty sheep. "He 
traded at sea," and was the owner of a negro 
slave valued at thirty pounds. He subscribed 
to the oath of allegiance in 1678. His sons 
Peter and Samuel were administrators of his 
estate, appointed ]\Iarch ti. 1708. He mar- 
ried, April 3, 1661, Jane, daughter of Chris- 
topher and Anne (Bayton) Batt (now Bates). 
She was born in England about 1634. In the 
record of deaths at Salisbury, Massachusetts, 
is the name of "Mrs. Ann Batt, sister to 
Abraham Toppan of Newbury." In her will, 
dated March 14, 1678, she mentions Ann, 
wife of Edmund Angier, of Cambridge, and 
Jane, wife of Peter Toppan, "to have lands, 
etc., in Salisbury and Amesbury." Children : 

1. Peter, born December 8, 1662, died young. 

2. Elizabeth, October 13, 1665 ; married, De- 
cember, 1685, NathanieE Clark, of Newbury. 

3. Peter, December 22, 1667; married, April 
28, 1696, Sarah Greenleaf. 4. Samuel, born 
in Newbury, June 5, 1670, died there, Octo- 
ber 30, 1750: married, June 3, 1701, Abigail, 
born March 20. 1681, died January 28, 1771, 
daughter of Rev. Michael Wigglesworth, of 
Maiden, Massachusetts ; the house in which 
thev lived was built in 1700 and was still 
standing in 1879. 5. Christopher, see for- 
ward. 6. Jane, born January 4, 1674. 

(VII) Rev. Christopher Toppan, A. M., 
D. D., fourth son and fifth child of Dr. Peter 
and Jane (Batt) Toppan, was born in New- 
bury, December 15, 1671, and died July 23, 
1747. He was graduated from Harvard Col- 
lege in 1691, and ordained fourth pastor of 
the Eirst Church in Newbury, September 9, 
1696. Coffin, in his "History of Newbury" 
says: "Dr. Toppan was a man of talents, en- 
ergy, and decision of character, and 'would 
speak his mind.' An instance of this latter 
trait is as follows : A man and his wife pre- 
sented a child for baptism. Not having con- 
fidence in the man's sincerity, he addressed 
the congregation in these words, while per- 
ferming the rite : T baptize this child wholly 
on the woman's account.' " On his monu- 
ment in the graveyard opposite the church 
on High street, in Newbury, is the following 
inscription : "Here lies buried the body of 
Rev. Christopher Toppan, Master of Arts, 
fourth Pastor of the First Church in New- 
bury; a Gentleman of good learning, con- 
spicuous for Piety and Virtue, shining both 
by his Doctrine and Life, skilled and greatly 
improved in the Practice of Physick and Sur- 
gery, who deceased July 23, 1747, in the 76th 
year of his age and 51st of his Pastoral Of- 
fice." Pie married (first) December 13, 1698, 
Sarah, daughter of Edmund Angier, of Cam- 
bridge. Children: i. Christopher, see for- 
ward. 2. Edmund, born in Newbury, De- 
cember 7, 1 70 1 ; graduated from Harvard 
College, 1720; married, July 29, 1727, Sarah 
Wingate. of Hampton, New Hampshire. 3. 
Bezaleel. March 7, 1705; graduated from 
Harvard College, 1722; was one of the pro- 
prietors of Concord, New Hampshire, re- 
maining there two years ; it is said that he 
preached the first sermon in Concord, 1728, 
under an oak tree. He settled in Salem, 
[Massachusetts, as pastor and physician ; 
married Sarah Barton, of that town, and died 
in 1762. 4. Sarah, in 1707, married October 
9, 1735, Ezekiel Mighill. 5. Eunice, born in 
1710, married September 6, 1739, Eleazer 
Pierce. 6. Susanna, married April 12, 1739, 
Benjamin Woodbridge, a descendant of Gov- 
ernor Thomas Dudley. Rev. Christopher 
Tappan married (second), January 28, 1739, 
Elizabeth Dummer. 

(\'III) Christopher (2). eldest child of Rev. 
Christopher (i) and Sarah (Angier) Toppan, 
wns born in Newbury, February 24, 1700, 
and settled in North Hampton, New Hamp- 
shire. He married Rachel . of Ken- 
sington, New I-Iampshire (?), and had: Chris- 



topher, concerning whom see forward. His 
widow married (second), October 9, I739' 
Benoni Selly (Cilley), of Salisbury and Sea- 
brook, whose first wife was EHnor Getchell, 
and had: Mary, born March 8, 1740, and Abi- 
gail, born February 9, 1742. 

(IX) Christopher (3), only child of Chris- 
topher (2) and Rachel Toppan, was born in 
Exeter, New Hampshire in 1725, and died in 
Sandwich in 1806. He was one of the origi- 
nal proprietors of Sandwich, New Hamp- 
shire, to which he removed from Exeter in 
1768, where he was a farmer and cabinet 
maker. In the old Toppan house in Sand- 
wich, now owned by his descendant, Daniel 
L. Tappan, of Arlington, Massachusetts, are 
many pieces of furniture and a clock made by 
him or his son. He married Sally Eaton, of 
Salisbury, Massachusetts, born July 23, 1726, 
died in Sandwich in 1807, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Hannah (Worthen) Eaton. Children: 
Hulda, christened August 20, 1749: married 
Menjamin Scribner. 2. John, christened No- 
vember 17, 1754, died young. 3. Samuel, 
christened May 14, 1758, died in Tamworth ; 
was a farmer and a representative to the leg- 
islature. 4. John, christened July 6, 1760, 
died in New Haven, Connecticut : married 

Lydia , of that town, and had one 

child. 5. Abraham, see forward. 6, Sarah, 
born in Exeter; married (first) Luther Cook, 
(second) William Page. 7. Rachel, born in 
Sandwich ; married Samuel Fairfield. 8. 
Elisha, born in Sandwich, died young. 

About this time several branches of this 
family agreed to make the spelling of the 
family name uniform, and write it Tappan. 
Among those who adopted this spelling were 
the brothers Arthur, Lewis, Benjamin and 
John Tappan ; Weare Tappan, of Bradford, 
New Hampshire, father of Mason W. Tap- 
pan, attorney general of the state of New 
Hampshire ; and Abraham Tappan, men- 
tioned below. 

(X) Abraham Tappan, fourth son and fifth 
child of Christopher ('3) and Sally (Eaton) 
Toppan, was born in Exeter, New Hampshire, 
March 8, 1763, christened March 13, and died 
in Sandwich, May, 1839, he and his first wife 
being buried in the Free Baptist graveyard at 
Centre Sandwich. In 1768 he accompanied 
his father to Sandwich, where he was reared 
on the farm and received a common school 
education. Like his father he was a cabinet 
maker by trade, and followed this calling 
throughout the active years of his life, in ad- 
dition to farming. He married (first), March 

6, 1784, Ruth, died in Sandwich, April, 1804, 
daughter of James and Ruth (Carr) Hazzard, 
of Chester, New Hampshire, who were of 
Scotch-Irish descent. Children: i. Anne, 
born in Sandwich. 2. Betsey, born in Sand- 
wich. 3. John, born in Sandwich. 4. Sally, 
born August 20, 1794, died 1866; married, 
November 28, 1821, Moses Hoit, born 1791, 
died 1875; children: Rhoda, married Benja- 
min Fry; Eliza; James Tappan, born 1822, 
died January 27, 1892; Sarah, married Hub- 
bard Leach, of Moultonborough ; Moses, 
married Lvdia Smith, of Sandwich. 5. Ruth, 
born in Sandwich, died young. 6. Mary, born 
in Sandwich, died in 1830. 7. James Haz- 
zard, born May 18, 1798, died in Moulton- 
borough ; married Dolly Smith, of New 
Hampton ; children : Charles, born 1826, died 
young : George, married Bethia Bennet, and 
David Rowe, of North Sandwich ; Smith, died 
young; Susan, born June 25, 1828, married 
had two children ; Mary, married Charles 
Hunttress, of Moultonborough ; Eliza, mar- 
ried Nathaniel Fry, of Sandwich; Harriet; 
Smith, living in Moultonborough ; Sarah, 
married John Fry. 8. Jonathan, born March 
16, 1800, died March 14, 1880; married, 
March 8, 1823, Dorothy Beede, born January 
5, 1803, died October 28, 1880, daughter of 
Charles and Lucy (March) Heard, of Sand- 
wich ; children : i. Admund March, born Sep- 
tember 3, 1824, died in Lawrence, Massachu- 
setts, December 12, i860; he was graduated 
from Dartmouth College in 1852, was prin- 
cipal for a time of Geauga Seminary, Chester, 
Ohio, and was ordained in Foster, Rhode Is- 
land, August 18, 1832; he married, August 
15, 1849, Lucretia Logee, born May 7, 1822, 
in Burrillville, Rhode Island ; children : An 
infant son of Eva ]\Iarch ; ii. Ruth Ann, born 
April 3, 1826, married, March 30, 1845, 
Stephen Vittum, born September 10, 1817; 
children : Louisa Everline, Mary Elizabeth, 
Clara .\nna, Edmund March and Bertha ; iii. 
Charles Langdon, born in Moultonborough, 
New Hampshire, June 26, 1828, died in Con- 
cord, February 23, 1902 ; was graduated from 
Amherst College in 1858, in East Windsor 
Theological Seminary until i860, and was 
graduated from Andover Theological Semin- 
ary in 1861 ; ordained in St. Paul, Minnesota, 
January 28, 1864; married. May 18, 1876, Al- 
mira Remington, born August 24, 1833, died 
August 8, 1899, daughter of Samuel and Al- 
myra (Sprague) Rice, of Natick, Rhode Is- 
land, and granddaughter of Governor Sprague 
of that state; iv. Jonathan, born in Moulton- 



borough, October 18, 1830, died May 14, 1832 ; 
V. Lucy March, born October 27, 1832, died 
in San(^\vich, November 15, 1896; married 
(first j, April 11, 1858, Samuel Wallace Jr., 
born July 6, 1823, died June 11, 1867, chil- 
dren : Freeman Leslie, Flora, Flora Eda and 
Ira Tuttle; married (second), March 12, 1875, 
Orrin Clough, of Ashland, who died in De- 
cember, 1 88 1 ; vi. Caroline Isabel, born Oc- 
tober 31, 1835, married, March 10, 1859, 
Asahel .\dams Wallace, born May 16, 1825, 
died ]\Iarch 24, 1896; children: Charles 
Langdon, Christopher Tappan, Emma Lizzie, 
Marcellus Copelyn, Margery \ictoria, Dolly 
Heard, Mary Huntress, Asahel Horace, Fred- 
erick William and Almira Rice; viii. Dolly 
Annette, born April 8, 1840, died July 13, 
1865; married, December 16, 1858, William 
Chase Mudgett, of Sandwich, born February 
23, 1834; children: Josephine, Leonard and 
an infant son; ix. Ceville Corlin, born Sep- 
tember 4, 1843, d'^d November 12, of the 
same year; x. William Leslie, in Sandwich, 
September 15, 1844, enlisted in the Union 
army, September 12, 1864, discharged June 
7, 1865, and died in Sandwich, September 14, 
1866, from the effects of a disease contracted 
while in service. 9. Ruth, born in Sandwich 
in 1802, died young. 10. A son, born in 
Sandwich in 1804, who lived but three weeks. 
Abraham Tappan married (second;, Ann 
Blanchard. Children: 11. Lucy, born Au- 
gust 8, 1805, died April 8, 1887; married Eben 
Tilton; children. Albert, born September, 
1825, died August, 1895, married Sarah Holt, 
of Moultonborough ; I^Iartha Ann, married 

— Woodman ; Mary, married Frederick 

Williams, of New York, and had one child, 
Flora; Azubah, born November 3, 1835, died 
young; Alvin. 12. Abraham, born December 
16, 1806, died December 23, 1878; married, 
June 9, 1840, Dorothy Ann, born September 
I, 1820, died August, 1905, daughter of John 
Folsom and Sarah (Fogg) Tilton; children: 
i. Alpheus Crosby, born March 8, 1842, died 
June 9, 1879; married, 1863, Caroline Turner, 
of Charlestown, ^Massachusetts ; children : 
Jennie and Emma; ii. Abraham Edwin, born 
December 22, 1845, served in a New Hamp- 
shire regiment throughout the civil war; mar- 
ried, 1865, Abbie, daughter of Russell Graves, 
of Sandwich ; children : Elizabeth, Frederick, 
Amy Tilton, Annie Libby, Minnie Katherine, 
Edwin and Dorothy Evelyn ; iii. Elizabeth 
Frances, born May 21, 1849, married October 
10, 1866, Edgar Franklin Shaw, of Boston; 
children: Frank Lester, Frederick King and 

Burton Tappan ; iv. Frank Taylor, born April 
21, 1857, is president, general manager and 
largest shareholder in the Tappan Shoe Manu- 
facturing Company : v. Katherine, born Au- 
gust 5. i860, is unmarried and a resident of 
Coldwater, Michigan. 13. John, born De- 
cember, 1808 : married Sarah Ann Bennett, of 
Moultonborough; children: Alfred; Sarah, 

married Leach ; John ; Alice, married 

Charles Huntress ; Selden Knowles ; Frank ; 
Lucy ; died young. 14. Daniel, see forward. 
15. Ruth, died young. 16. Susan, died young. 
(NI) Daniel, third son and fourth child of 
Abraham and .A.nn (Blanchard) Tappan, was 
born in Sandwich, New Hampshire, October 
17, 1810, and died .\ugust 13, 1887. He at- 
tended the district school of his native town, 
and worked on the farm of his father until 
after he had attained his majority. For some 
years he was then associated with his broth- 
ers, Abraham and John, in the manufacture 
of paper, under the firm name of Tappan 
Brothers. Their mill was located on the 
road between Sandwich and Moultonbor- 
ough, and though their business flourished, 
they lost their plant twice by fire, and not 
having it insured sufficiently to cover their 
losses, the firm was finally dissolved and the 
business abandoned. Daniel Tappan then 
started manufacturing basket-bottomed 
chairs in his mill at Sandwich and continued 
this successfully until his death. He also 
owned the old Worthen place which he pur- 
chased shortly after his marriage. He was 
retiring in manner, domestic in his habits 
and tastes, of a jovial disposition and fond of 
a joke. He was a member of the Baptist 
church and an earnest advocate of temper- 
ance principles. In politics he was a Whig 
and Republican, and in his youth a member 
of the militia. He married (first) September, 
1836, Naomi Vittum. Children: i. Emily, 
died young. 2. Daniel, died young. 3. Em- 
ily Hutchinson, born June 11, 1843. 4. Anna 
.\bby, January 19, 1844. 5. Daniel, died 
young. Daniel Tappan married (second) No- 
vember 7, 1847, Rhoda Straw Hadley, born 
April 23, 1819, in Sandwich, died May 12, 
1895, daughter of Winthrop and Sybil 
(Worthen) Hadley, of Sandwich. Children : 
6. Julia Ellen, born October 7, 1848; mar- 
ried Warren L, Pittman, of Alexandria, New 
Hampshire. 7. Samuel .\mbrose, January 
29, i8=;o: residing at North \\^oodstock. New 
Hampshire. 8. Winthrop Hadley, March 3, 
1851, of Sandwich, 9. Fanny, June 16, 1852; 
unmarried ; residing in Sandwich. 10. Dan- 



iel Langdon, mentioned below, ii. JMary, 
November 2t,, 1856; married Frank Chase. 
12. Augusta. April 5, 1858, wife of John S. 
Ricker, of Rochester, New Hampshire. 13. 
George Henry, September 9, 1859; lumber- 
man of Farmington, New Hampshire. 14. 
Clara, May 3, 1861, wife of George White- 
house, of Lovell, Maine. 15. Walter Scott, 
July 26, 1862 ; lumberman of Sandwich. 

(XH) Daniel Langdon, fifth son of Daniel 
Tappan and fifth child of his second wife, 
Rhoda Rhoda Straw Hadley, was born May 
16, 1855, in Sandwich, and was educated in 
the district schools and a private high school 
under Daniel D. Beede. In 1875, at the age 
of twenty years, he went to .Arlington, Mas- 
sachusetts," and soon entered the employ of 
Boyd, Leeds & Company, wholesale grocers, 
of Boston, remaining there several years as 
clerk and salesman. He subsequently worked 
for the wholesale grocers, ^Moulton & Good- 
win, and next became traveling salesman for 
the firm of Sanborn & Parker, packers of 
pickles andTanned goods, with stores in New 
York and Boston. He afterward traveled 
some years for the Central Park Pickle Com- 
pany of New York, his route extending over 
the greater part of the United States and 
Canada. In 1887 he decided to give up trav- 
eling and engage in the market gardening 
business in Arlington, where he has one of 
the largest and most flourishing establish- 
ments of the section. Mr. Tappan is also in- 
terested in the building of houses to let. He 
now owns the old Tappan homestead in 
Sandwich, formerly the Worthen farm, the 
property of his maternal great-grandfather, 
Amos Worthen. He attends the Arlington 
Baptist Church, and is a member of the so- 
ciety : he served on the building committee of 
the 'church. In politics, he is a Republican. 
He belongs to the Arlington Boat Club, the 
Boston Fruit and Produce Exchange, and 
the Boston Market Gardeners' Association. 
He is a member of Hiram Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Arlington. He mar- 
ried, December 22, 1884, at .Arlington. Ethel 

Eugenia Fisher, born 2fi. 1861, at 

Arlington, a graduate of RadclifTe College, 
1883. Their only child is .\rthur Newell Tap- 
pan, born December 6, 1885. He was edu- 
cated in the schools of Arlington, graduating 
from the high school and subsequently from 
Bryant & Strattan's Commercial School of 
Boston. He then entered the wholesale dry 
goods house of Brown-Durrell Company of 
Boston, where he is now (1909) employed as 

salesman. He is a member of Bethel Lodge, 
No. 12, I. O. O. F., of Arlington, and of Hi- 
ram Lodge, A. F. and A. M. 

(For early generations see preceding sketch 1. 

(VI) Lieutenant Jacob Tap- 
TAPPAN pan, son of Abraham Tappan 
(Toppan) was born in 1645. 
He lived in Newbury, in the house on "Top- 
pan's Lane", built for him by his father about 
1670. He owned the large tract of land 
through which Toppan street, later called 
Toppan lane, was cut before 1650, and in 
1694 he built the present house, long known 
as the old Toppan house. He left it to his 
son .Abraham, who in turn bequeathed it to his 
son Edward and he to his son Enoch. In Mr. 
Currier's "Ould Newbury" there is a picture 
of this ancient mansion. He was admitted 
a freeman May 23, 1677 ; was fence viewer 
1680-8; tithing man, 1687; selectman, 1688, 
and perhaps other years. He was on a com- 
mittee "to stint as to herbage" Cfor cattle) 
elected January 21, 1701-02. He took the pre- 
scribed oath of fidelity to England, May 13, 
1669. He was ensign in Captain Noyes's com- 
pany in 1683, and was under arms in the war 
in 1690, under Captain Daniel Pierce. He or 
his son Jacob was sergeant under Captain 
Caleb Moody, in 1708. He had the rank of 
lieutenant late in life. He married, .\ugust 
24, 1670, Hannah, daughter of Henry Sewall. 
She died at York, Maine, November 11, 
1699, and he married (second) Hannah (Fes- 
senden) Sewall. widow of his brother-in-law 
John Sewall. Judge Sewall, his brother-in- 
law, calls him "cousin and brother" in his 
famous diary. He often mentions the arrival in 
Boston of some member of "Brother Jacob 
Tappan's family." He went to Ram's Island, 
May 12, 1 716, "with Brother Tappan and Cap- 
tain Greenleaf ; dined at Brother Tappan's ; vis- 
ited my relations." He visited Tappan's home 
May 10, 1707, and laid the foundation of the 
mee'ting house at Pipe Staff Hill. Children 
of Jacob, by first wife: i. Jacob, born May 
20, 1671 : married Sarah Kant. 2. Samuel, 
born 1672: died 1691, of small pox. 3. Jane, 
born 1674. 4. John, 1677; married. 1704, Ju- 
dith Moody. 5. Hannah, born 1679. 6. Eliz- 
abeth, 1680; niarricd, 1701, Cutting. 7. 

Abraham, 1684: mentioned below. 8. Anne, 
1686; married, 1710, Nathaniel Rolfe. 

(VII) Abraham, son of Jacob Tappan, 
was born at Newbury, in 1684. He was in 
the famous military company which had to be 
provided with snow-shoes for fighting Indians 



in the winter of 1706. He married, October 
21, 1713, Esther, daughter of Michael Wig- 
glesworth, widow of John Sewall. Children: 
I. Edward, born 1715; mentioned below. 2. 
Ehzabeth, 1718. 3. Patience, .\pril 20, 1720. 
4. Samuel, 1722. 5. Jacob, 1725. 6. Michael, 

(Vni) Edward, son of Abraham Tappan, 
was born in Newbury, in 171 5; married, Sep- 
tember 7, 1743, Sarah Bailey, of an old Essex 
county family. Children, born in Newbury : 
I. Abraham, 1744; married Sarah Parker. 2. 
Anna, 1746: died 1753. 3. Sarah, 1748; mar- 
ried Colonel Josiah Little. 4. Mary, born 
1750: married" Nathaniel Little. 3. Patience, 
1752; married Closes Moody. 6. Edward, 
1754; married Rachel Smith. 7. Joshua 
(twin) 1756: died 1780. 8. Stephen, twin with 
John; married Edna Little. 9. Enoch, 1759; 
married (first I February 21, 1794: Mary Cof- 
fin; (second) August 19, 1797, Mary Merrill. 
10. Anna, 1761 ; married Jonathan Harris. 11. 
Abner, 1764; mentioned below. 12. Judith, 
1768; married, December, 1791, Joseph Coffin; 
their son Joshua Coffin was the distinguished 
historian of Newbury. 

(IX) Abner, son of Edward Tappan, was 
born in 1764. He married, in 1791, Elizabeth 
Stanford. He was a cabinet maker and fol- 
lowed his trade in Newburyport, formerly 
Newbury, Massachusetts. He was indus- 
trious and frugal, enterprising in business, 
employing a number of apprentices and jour- 
neymen in his shop. He was well known and 
highly respected. The work of his hands is 
still to be found in the homes of the old fam- 
ilies of the citv. Children, born at Newbury- 
port: I. Sophia, 1792; married Oliver 
Crocker. 2. William. 3. Abner, 1797; mar- 
ried, June 2, 1828, Ann C. Nestor. 4. Rich- 
ard S., 1800; lost at sea, 1817. 5. Elizabeth, 
1802 ; married, 1820, James Ruggles. 6. 
Arianne, 1804 : married, 1839, Serena Davis. 
7. George, mentioned below, born 1807. 8. 
Harriet. i8to: married John Paul J. Haskell, 
of Rochester, ^Massachusetts. 

(X) George, son of Abner Tappan, was 
born at Newburyport, January 7, 1807. He 
was educated in the public schools of his na- 
tive town, and learned the trade of cabinet 
maker of his father. He worked at his trade 
for a time, but was obliged to relinquish it, 
owing to the fact that his eyesight was affected 
by the dust from the cherry wood which was 
used extensively in his work. He removed to 
New Bedford about 1830 and opened a 
crockery store on Union street, and this was 

iv — 29 • 

the beginning of a large and lucrative busi- 
ness which he carried on all his life. By his 
thrift and energy he accumulated a compe- 
tency, and his store was considered the best 
of the kind in the city. About a year before 
his death he erected the building called China 
Hall, which was the best in New Bedford at 
that time, and removed his business there. 
During the last part of his life his health be- 
came impaired, and while en route for New 
York on the steamer "Metropolis", he was 
stricken with heart disease during a collision, 
and died August 15, 1857. Mr. Tappan was 
a selfmade man, of high character and pur- 
pose. He established a reputation for fair and 
honorable dealing in public and private life, 
and enjoyed the confidence of all who knew 
him. He always advocated right principles, 
and was not afraid to uphold what he be- 
lieved was right, even in the face of opposi- 
tion. In politics he was a Republican, and in 
religion a LTnitarian. He married, at New- 
buryport, November 10, 1829. Serena Da- 
vis, born at Newburyport, January 17, 1808, 
died at Hyde Park, February 5, 1896, daugh- 
ter of Aaron and Sarah Moore (Smith) Da- 
vis. Her father was an apothecary and doc- 
tor in Newburyport. Children: i. George 
Aaron, born November i, 1830; died Novem- 
ber 17, 1830. 2. Sarah Ann Davis, born Oc- 
tober 6, 1831 ; died December 13, 1893; mar- 
ried, January 22, 1857, William Crapo, of 
New Bedford ; had Henry H. Crapo, born De- 
cember 31, 1862, and Stanford T. Crapo, born 
June 13, 1865. 3. George Aaron, born Au- 
gust 29, 1832; died May 13, 1835. 4. Serena 
Davis, born June 18, 1834: died May 11, 1838. 
5. Charles A., born November 13, 1838; died 
September 26, 1839. 6. William Crocker, 
mentioned below. 

(XI) William Crocker, son of George Tap- 
pan, was born at New Bedford, Massachu- 
setts, April 17, 1842. He attended the 
Friends' .-\cademy, a private school then kept 
by Abner J. Phipps, and Mr. Gleason's pri- 
vate school, from which he graduated in 1857. 
He then entered his father's store as clerk to 
learn the business. After the death of his 
father the business passed into the hands of 
Henrv J. Taylor, and William C. Tappan re- 
mained in the store about five years. He then 
went to Boston in the spring of 1861, and 
with Alfred \Miitney as a partner bought out 
the interest of his brother Luther Whitney at 
15 Winter street, who was engaged in the gas 
fixture business. The new firm was called 
Whitney & Tappan. and did a successful busi- 



ness for twelve years. At this time he sold 
his share in the business to his partner and 
became a partner in the commission house of 
Rawson & Company, glassware, where he re- 
mained a year. Under the firm name of Mel- 
len & Tappan he entered the fancy crockery 
business witht Moses Alellen, for four years, 
and then became a partner of George N. Sea- 
man in the business of Japanese fancy goods 
on Boylston street. Subsequently he was two 
years salesman of Jones, McDuffy & Strat- 
ton, and for ten years manager of the crock- 
ery department of the store of William H. 
Zinn. He made his home in Dorchester. He 
has since acted as clerk of the vaults with the 
International Trust Company, on Milk street. 
He has resided at 20 Albion street, Hyde 
Park, for the last fourteen years. In politics 
Mr. Tappan is a Republican, and he is a 
member of the First Unitarian Church at 
Hyde Park. He was a member of the 
Knights of Honor for nineteen years, and 
is now a member of the Boston Bank 
Officers' Association. He married, Septem- 
ber 16, 1868, at Boston, Adelina Isabella 
Baker, born August 19, 1846, daughter of 
Philander and Rosanna (Harding) Baker, of 
Boston. Children: i. George, born July 26, 
1870; died November 5, 1870. 2. Sarah 
Crapo, born June 27, 1873; married (first) 
October 9, 1895, Guy Burton Carter, of Dor- 
chester, who died September 11, 1896, son of 
Frank H. and Frances (Burton) Carter; mar- 
ried (second) Richard Coe, of Durham, New 
Hampshire, son of Joseph W. and Harriet S. 
(Churchill) Coe, of Durham. 3. Harold 
Harding, born February 19, 1883 ; died July 
4, 1883. 4. Stanford Davis, born August 12, 
1885; graduate of Dartmouth College. 1908; 
mill agent with the Hyde & Company cotton 
commission house. 

(For ancestry, see Robert Topham 1.') 

(VII) Peter Toppan, son of 
TOPPAN Dr. Peter Toppan, was born 
December 22, 1667. He mar- 
ried, April 28, 1696, Sarah Greenleaf. Chil- 
dren, born at Newbury: i. Peter, February 
2, 1698. 2. Timothy, February 2, 1698 
(twin) ; mentioned below. 3. Jane, 1700; 
married Benjamin Knight Jr. 4. Elizabeth, 
1702; married Samuel Todd. 5. Mary, 1704. 

6. Richard, 1707; married Scott. 7. 

Hannah, 1710; married John Moody Jr. 
(VIII) Timothy, son of Peter Toppan, 

•This branch of the family maintains the Toppan 
form of the family name. 

was born at Newbury, February 2, 1698, and 
died there September 2, 1796, aged ninety- 
eight years seven months. He married (first) 
Eleanor Coffin, died July 25, 1749; (second) 
Jane Harriman. Children, born at Newbury, 

by first wife: i. Enoch, 1723; married 

Coleman. 2. Moses, mentioned below. 

(IX) Moses, son of Timothy Toppan, 
lived in Newbury. He married (first) Mary 
Lunt, in 1754; (second) 1759, Anne Browne. 
Child of first wife, born in Newbury: i. 
Francis. Children of second wife: 2. Ben- 
jamin, born 1760; married, February 12, 
1784, Mary Hidden; eleven children. 3. 
Joshua, born 1762; mentioned below. 4. 
Moses, born 1767. 

(X) Joshua, son of Moses Toppan, was 
born in Newbury, in 1762, and died at New- 
bury port, September 4, 1811. He resided on 
the homestead, was educated in the common 
schools, and assisted his father in the farm. 
His farm was situated on Mulberry street, 
and he deeded it to his son Joshua. He owned 
valuable real estate on State street which 
brought him a handsome income, and made a 
business of lending money, and became gen- 
erally known as "ready-money Josh". His 
house on Orange street was one of the finest 
in the town. He sold land for the meeting 
house. He served in the revolution, in Cap- 
tain Richard Titcomb's company. Colonel Na- 
thaniel Wade's regiment, July 4 to October 
10, 1780. The company was raised in Essex 
county to reinforce the army of the North. 
He married . 

(XI) Henry, son of Joshua Toppan, was 
born at Newburyport, April 2, 1798, and died 
February 16, i860. He attended the common 
and high school of his native town, and pre- 
pared for Harvard college. Owing to the 
death of his father he gave up his college 
course and went to work for several of the 
grocers in N^ewburyport. He inherited his 
father's estate, and soon afterward started in 
the grocery business on State street, later lo- 
cating on the corner of Pleasant street and 
Hollis Court. After being in business a num- 
ber of years his health became impaired and 
he sold his store and retired from active work. 
He owned much real estate in the business sec- 
tion of the town, and was a citizen of influ- 
ence. In politics he was in early life a Whig, 
and later a Republican. He attended the Old 
South Congregational church at Newbury- 
port, and was a great Bible student. His 
memory was remarkable, and it is said that he 
never forgot a face. He married, March 26, 



1 82 1, Mary Brooklings, born June 7, 1801, 
died January 25, 1843, daughter of Samuel and 
Eunice (Maclntrye) Brookings. Children: 
I. Mary Elizabeth, born December 12, 1821 ; 
married l\Iarch 12, 1846, James E. Foster. 2. 
Henry Philip, born December 30, 1822; mar- 
ried, April 7, 1853, Anna Choate Knapp; chil- 
dren: i. Marianna, born October 2, 1854; 
ii. Carrie, June 16, 1857, died October 8, 1858; 
iii. Alice White, born January 25, 1862; iv. 
Henry Choate, February 12, 1864, married, 
April 8, 1888, Lucetta Stevens, and had Helen 
Stevens, born June 24, 1892. 3. Franklin 
Lafayette, born May 26, 1824; married Eliza- 
beth Horton ; children : i. Frank W. ; ii. Wil- 
lard L., married Lola Burns, and had Mau- 
rice; iii. Josephine, married Thomas Lith- 
gow, and had Josephine, Anna and Toppan 
Lithgow ; iv. Florence ; v. Emma, married 
William Sayles, and had Chester Sayles. 4. 
Albert Brookings, born August 29, 1827; mar- 
ried Angeline Persis Jacobs ; children : George 
Albert, born November 29, 1859, married, 
1884, Lizzie Stevens Hervey, and had Albert 
Brookings, born July 10, 1884, William Her- 
vey, November 19, 1886, Edith, March 2, 
1891, Helen, September i, 1895, and Fred 
Lawrence, May 21, 1906; ii. Fred Lawrence, 
born August 10, 1863 ; iii. Arthur Wellington, 
married Lena Clough, and had Evelyn and 
\\'ellington Clough. 5. Charles William, born 
June 20, 1832. 6. Ellen Maria Winship, born 
July 10, 1833 ; died July 19, 1834. 7. Ellen 
Maria, born July 30, 1839 '' died November 5, 
1908; married 'V\'illiam E. Nash; children: i. 
\VilIiam E., Henry Nash. 8. Francis Brown, 
born March 10, 1836; mentioned below. 9. 
Caleb Cushing, born January 16, 1838; mar- 
ried Harriet Eliza Russell. 10. Lewis W., 
born July 18, 1842 ; married (first) Sarah 
Winkley ; (second) Cordana Cool edge ; chil- 
dren: i. Carrie Lillian, born July 18, 1865, 
died September 18, 1865 ; by second wife : ii. 
Lillian : iii. Edward Cooledge. 

(XH) Francis Browne, son of Henry Top- 
pan, was born at Newburyport, March 10, 
1836, and died at Brookline, Massachusetts, 
April 25, 1901. He received his education in 
the public schools, and in early manhood re- 
moved to Chicago and found employment as 
a clerk in what was then the largest clothing 
store in the city. He returned east and went 
into business with his brother. Lewis W. Top- 
pan, in Portland, Maine, as a clothing dealer, 
the firm name being F. B. Toppan & Co. Af- 
ter some years of success the firm was dis- 
solved, and Mr. Toppan went to Boston and 

entered the employ of L. D. Bayee, a clothier 
at 154 Washington street. Soon afterwards 
he opened a trunk store on Washington street, 
keeping it but a short time and then becoming 
clerk for D. O. Goodrich, a fancy goods deal- 
er at 302 Washington street, whose store was 
known as the Boston Bazaar. Mr. Toppan 
bought out his employer, and the firm was 
known as Toppan & Thomas, and later as 
Townsend & Toppan, in 1865, with a store at 
296 Washington street. In 1869 he purchased 
his partner's interest and became sole pro- 
prietor, removing to 637 Washington street 
and making his home at Brighton. In 1S70 he 
removed again to 19 W'est street. In 1877 he 
enlarged his store by adding the one at No. 23, 
carrying a line of Japanese goods. From 1872 
to 1876 he made his home at 40 Dwight street, 
and then removed to Newton. From 1879 ^ 
1883 he lived at 12 Berwick Park. During 
1883, owing to the large increase of business, 
he moved his store to 144 Tremont street, 
where he did a large and profitable business 
until 1898, when he retired from active life. 
From 1885 he lived for four years at 119 St. 
Botolph street, then at 194 Huntington ave- 
nue, then removed to 836 Beacon street, then 
to Brookline, where he died. In politics he 
was a Republican, and he attended the Orth- 
odox Congregational church. He was a prom- 
inent Boston merchant for forty-five years. 
His exceeding good taste and his faculty for 
acquiring unique things made him well known 
in all parts of the country. After his retire- 
ment from business his services were eagerly 
sought for by many of the leading firms of 
Boston as buyer, but he declined all oflfers, 
preferring to spend his last years in the enjoy- 
ment of his home. He married, at Newbury- 
port, Mary Caroline Horton, born in New- 
buryport, died in Boston, February 14, 1902, 
daughter of John and Maria (Boynton) Hor- 
ton. Her father was a leading manufacturer 
of gold beads. Children: i. William Jourdan, 
born July 11. 1872; mentioned below. 2. Car- 
oline Hortense. born October 5, 1879: mar- 
ried, September 9, 1902, Joseph Dean Evans, 
son of George Edwin and Jane (Priest) 
Evans ; children : i. Joseph Dean Evans, born 
June 12, 1903: ii. Caroline Toppan Evans, 
January 12, 1909. 

(XIII) William Jourdan, son of Francis 
Browne Toppan, was born in Boston, July ri, 
1872. He attended the Rice school in his na- 
tive city, and the Prince school, from which 
he was graduated in 1889. He then entered 
the English high school of Boston, and gradu- 



ated in the class of 1892. His parents desired 
him to go to college but he preferred a mer- 
cantile career, and he entered his father's em- 
ploy as a salesman. When his father retired 
from business he became clerk in the transfer 
department of the American Loan & Trust 
Company, State street. After three years with 
this concern he entered the employ of Shreve, 
Crump & Low Co., Tremont street, the lead- 
ing jewelers of Boston, as salesman in the art 
department, and soon became manager and 
buyer of the department. He has been active 
in the state militia from youth. He was first 
sergeant of the military company of the Eng- 
lish high school when he enlisted as privat^e 
in the First Corps of Cadets, Company C, 
May 16, 1892, was elected corporal March 24, 
1898, sergeant June 6, 1899, and served later 
on the non-commissioned stafif. At his own 
request he was returned to his company in 
January, 1903, as a private. He was made 
quartermaster-sergeant of the company De- 
cember 24, 1903, and in the spring of 1908 be- 
came senior duty sergeant. Lie is a member 
of the Sons of the Revolution of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts. He is a Repub- 
lican in politics and a Congregationalist in re- 

The name Hulbert is spelled 
HLXBERT in different ways, Hulbert, 

Hulburt, Hulbut, LIurlbut, be- 
ing among those most commonly used. The 
coat-of-arms of the English family is: Quar- 
terly argent and sable in the sinister chief and 
dexter base, each a lion rampant, or, over all a 
bend gules, charged with the amulets of the 

(I) Thomas Hulbert (or Hurlbut) came to 
America early, and was a soldier under Lion 
Gardiner in the fort at Saybrook, Connecticut, 
in 1635. It is supposed that he came with 
Gardiner in a fishing vessel, July 10, 1635. 
In an encounter with the Pequot Indians in 
1637, he was wounded by an arrow, almost 
through the thigh. An account of this skirm- 
ish was left in a manuscript by Lion Gardiner, 
he being urged to write it. as he said, by Rob- 
ert Chapman, Thomas Hurlbut and Major 
Mason. They were a company of ten men 
and were attacked by about a hundred In- 
dians, whom they successfully held off until 
they reached their homes. Thomas Hurlbut 
was a blacksmith by trade, and after the Pe- 
quot war established himself in Wethersfield, 
Connecticut, where he was one of the early 
settlers. He was clerk of the train band in 

1640; deputy to the general court, grand juror, 
and constable in 1644. He had grants of land 
in Wethersfield for his services in the Indian 
wars. It is said that the house occupied in 
1888 by Miss Harriet Mitchell in Wethers- 
field was on the site of his house. He mar- 
ried Sarah . Children : Thomas, John, 

mentioned below, Samuel, Joseph, Stephen, 

( II ) John, son of Thomas Hulbert, was 
born !\Iarch 8, 1642. He learned the trade of 
blacksmith of his father. He worked at 
Wethersfield and at Killingworth. At the age 
of twenty-seven he received a proposition 
from the town of Middletown to locate among 
them, and contracted to work for the town 
seven years from October 25, 1669. He be- 
came a large landholder and leading citizen of 
the town. He was admitted a freeman in 
1 67 1 and was called sergeant. He died Au- 
gust 30, 1690. He married, December 15, 
1670, Mary, born 1655, daughter of John and 
Honor (Treat) Deming, of Whethersfield. 
Children: i. John, born December 8, 1671. 

2. ^lary, baptized April 7, 1673, died young. 

3. Thomas, born October 20, 1674. 4. Sarah, 
November 5, 1676. 5. Mary, November 17, 
1678. 6. Mercy, February 17, 1680-81. 7. 
Ebenezer, January 17, 1682-83. 8. Margaret, 
February, 1684-85. 9. David, August 11, 
1688, mentioned below. 10. Mehitable, No- 
vember 23, 1690. 

( III ) David, son of John Hulbert, was 
born in Middletown, August 11, 1688, died 
October 29, 1773. He was a blacksmith by 
trade, and settled first in Cromwell, Connec- 
ticut, then Middletown LTpper Houses. He 
had a grant of four acres of land there, March 
15, 1712. In 1727, with Samuel Tracy, he 
rented a grist-mill for eight years. In 1734 
he sold his property and removed to Chatham. 
He married (first) September 22, 1709, Mary, 
born February 11, 1691, daughter of John Jr. 
and Mary Savage. In 1744 he removed to 
Groton, and bought land there in 1746, but re- 
turned to Chatham after 1760. He married 
(second) in Chatham, Mercy . Chil- 
dren of first wife: i. INIary, born December 
15, 1709. 2. Mercy, February 22, 171 3. 3- 
Abigail, June 2, 1714.. 4. David Jr., Novem- 
ber I, 1716. 5. William, November 28, 1718. 
6. Honor, April 25, 172 1. 7. Gideon, Janu- 
ary II, 1723, died January 16, 1724. 8. 
Stephen, mentioned below. 9. Thankful, 
April 26, 1727. TO. Gideon, June 9. 1729. 11. 
]\lercy, April i, 1731. 

I TV) Stephen, son of David Hulbert, was 

^^eo?'ae :7ut//:er/ 



born in AJiddlstown about 1725, and lived to 
an advanced age. He received from his fath- 
er land in Middle Haddam. and in 1756 
bought thirtv-five acres with a house, and later 
other parcel's of land. It is said that durhig 
some five years he was engaged in whaling 
vovages. During the revolution he was a 
royalist, and sold his farm and with nine or 
more of his sons went to Nova Scotia and 
purchased land. After the war he returned 
to [Middle Haddam. About 1793 he removed 
with his family to \Mntonbury, about four 
miles from Hartford, in what was since the 
town of Bloomfield, where he died. He mar- 
ried Susannah . Children: i. Anna, 

baptized June 2, 1745. 2. Sarah, January 24, 
1748. 3. Stephen, April 8, 1750. 4. Jonah, 
May 20, 1753, mentioned below. 5. Thank- 
ful,' March 14, 1756. 

( \' ) Jonah, son of Stephen Hulbert, was 
baptized" in Middle Haddam. Connecticut, 
May 20, 1753. He was a royalist and went 
with his father to Nova Scotia during the 
revolution. He returned to Middle Haddam 
and subsequently removed to Bloomfield, and 
later to Great Harrington, Massachusetts. He 

married (first) , who died in Antigoni- 

she. Nova Scotia; (second) Jerusha D., 
daughter of Thomas Shepherd, of East 
Hampton. She married (second) John Burg- 
hardt, of Great Harrington, and died there in 
1822. Children of first wife: i. Stephen, 
born April 4, 1777. 2. Russell, December 12, 
1779. 3. Statira, November 19, 1780. 4. 
Gardiner, March i, 1783, mentioned below. 5. 
Silas, June 12, 1785. 6. Palmer, August 18, 
1787. By second wife: 8. John Mason, Feb- 
ruary 22', 1793. 9. Sylvester, December 30, 
1794. ID. Jerusha Amelia (twin), February 
8, 1797. II. Jonah Alden (twin), February 
8, 1797. 12. Hannah, April 9, 1799. 

(VI) Gardiner, son of Jonah Hulbert. was 
born probably in Nova Scotia, i\Iarch i, 1783. 
He probably came to Connecticut when his 
father returned, but returned to Nova Scotia 
and lived there. He married Harriet Irish. 
Children: Charles, William. John, George, 
mentioned below, Edward, Joseph, Harriet, 
Margaret, Mary. 

(\TI) George, son of Gardiner Hulbert, 
was born in Antigonishe, Nova Scotia, July 
II, 1825. When he was about eighteen years 
of age he went to Boston, Massachusetts, and 
was employed by Hugh Currier, an upholster- 
er in Cornhill, with whom he learned the trade. 
Later he worked in the carpet house of Park- 
er. Fowle & Sons, Washington street, Bos- 

ton. When the firm was changed to Torrey, 
Bright & Capen. Mr. Hulbert remained with 
them. He was a member of Amicable Lodge, 
Free ]\Iasons, of Cambridge. He died Decem- 
ber 14, 1902. He married. July 24, 1854, 
Maria Louisa, daughter of Samuel A. and 
Louisa (Dow) Ketchum. Her father was son 
of John Ketchum, and was born in St. John, 
New Brunswick, July 4, 1797, died April 6, 
1873; was a stair builder, came to Boston 
when a young man and engaged in carpenter- 
ing and' building: married, November 29, 
1827. Louisa Dow, of Atkinson, New Hamp- 
shire, born August 18. 1798. died July 24, 
1865, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth 
( Tones ) Dow : children : i. Child, born Sep- 
tember 14, 1828, died yotmg; ii. Maria Louisa, 
born August 20, 1829, mentioned above ; iii. 
George Frederick, October 23, 1831, died Sep- 
tember 21, 1832; iv. George Frederick, July 
19. 1834, died November 12, 1880: married 
Elizabeth Anderson, was an actor in the Bos- 
ton [Museum for many years ; v. Harriet Au- 
gusta, December 29, 1836, died October i, 
1890: married James Whitney and had daugh- 
ter Nellie Whitney, married Herbert Read, of 
Providence. Rhode Island, where she resides; 
vi. Jane Slater, May 14, 1839, died April 18, 
1892: married James Smith, of Cambridge; 
vii. Rachel Wright, August 23, 1843; "tar- 
ried Charles Walker (deceased), and had .An- 
gle Walker, married William F. Stevens, son 
of Dr. E. H. Stevens, of Cambridge, and had 
Edmund Walker Stevens, born June 17, 1900; 
viii. Charles James, May 21, 1846, died Sep- 
tember 3, 1846. 

(The Dow Line.) 

The surname Dow is of ancient English 
origin, dating back to the very beginning of 
the use of family names. 

(I) John Dow, English ancestor to whom 
the Anierican family traces its ancestry, died 
at Tylner, Norfolk county. England, in July, 
1581^ and was buried July 7, 1581. His will 
nientions two brothers. William and Thomas 
Dow, and children : Thomas, mentioned be- 
low, John, Edith. 

(II) Thomas, son of John Dow, was born 
in Tylner. England, and lived afterward in 
Runh'am, Norfolk. He married Margaret 
. Children: i. Henry, mentioned be- 
low. 2. Christopher, had nine children. 3. 
Daughter, married Stephen Farrar. 4. Daugh- 
ter, married March. 

(III) Henry, son of Thomas Dow, was 
born in county Norfolk, England, and resided 



at Runham in that county. He married Eliz- 
abeth . Children: i. Thomas, men- 
tioned below. 2. Henry, born about 1608; 
settled in Hampton, New Hampshire. 3. 
Edward. 4. Mary. 5. Francis. 6. William. 

(IV) Thomas (2), son of Henry Dow, 
was immigrant ancestor of this branch. He 
was a nearly settler of Newbury, Massachu- 
setts, and was admitted a freeman June 22, 
1642. He bought a house and land there in 
1648. Later he removed to Haverhill, where 
he died May 31, 1654. His nuncupative will 
was dated Alay 29, 1654, proved February 2, 
1656. He married Phebe , who mar- 
ried (second) John Eaton, of Haverhill, No- 
vember 20, 1661. Children: i. John. 2. 
Thomas, died June 21, 1676. 3. Stephen, 
born March 22, 1642. 4. Mary, April 26, 
1644. 5. Martha, June i, 1648. 

(V) John (2), son of Thomas (2) Dow, 
was born about 1640; married, October 23, 
1665. Mary Page, who died November 2, 
1672. He lived at Haverhill and was ances- 
tor of the Atkinson, New Hampshire, fam- 
ily of Dow. He had a son John, mentioned 

(VI) John (3), son of John (2) Dow, 
was born at Haverhill, November 26, 1672 ; 
married, May 23, 1696, Sarah Brown. They 
had a son John, mentioned below. 

(VII) John (4), son of John (3) Dow, 
was born August 19, 1707, at Haverhill. With 
others he settled at what is now Atkinson, 
New Hampshire, formerly part of Haverhill. 
Massachusetts. He married Mehitable Haines, 
June 23, 1728. Children: i. Abraham, men- 
tioned below. 2. Job. 3. John, married 
Anna Atwood. 4. Moses. 5. James. 

(VIII) Abraham, son of John (4) Dow, 
was born about 1730. He settled in Salem, 
New Hampshire, formerly part of Haverhill. 
In 1774 he was released from church taxes 
because he belonged to the Church of Eng- 
land. He was selectman in 1768 and in 1797; 
justice of the peace, 1789-90. In 1781 he was 
a witness before a trial conducted by the com- 
mittee of safety. He married Susanna . 

Children, born at Salem, New Hampshire: i. 
Thomas, August 19, 1753, mentioned below. 
2. Susanna, April 19, 1756. 3. Mehitable, 
September 8, 1761. 

(IX) Lieutenant Thomas (3), son of 
Abraham Dow, was born at Salem, August 

19, 1753. He was a soldier in the revolution; 
selectman of Salem, 1797-98. He kept a tav- 
ern in the house owned later by Seth M. Pat- 
tee, from 1775 to 1780 or later. He married. 

December 2, 1773, Elizabeth Jones, at Salem. 
Children, born at Salem: i. Abraham, 
March 10, 1775. 2. Child, October 17, 1776. 
3. Abraham, October 23, 1777. 4. Rachel, 
February 24, 1780. 5. Evan, December 5, 
1 78 1. 6. Child, August 9, 1783. 7. Betty, 
September 9, 1784. 8. Susanna, March 12, 

1786; married Hoyt. 9. Amos, May 

17, 1787. 10. Moses, March 23, 1789. 11. 
Relief, March 25, 1791. 12. Jones, April 27, 
1792. 13. Hezekiah, July 18, 1794. 14. Re- 
lief, June 29, 1796. 15. Louisa, August 18, 
1798, died July 24, 1865; married, Novem- 
ber 29, 1827, Samuel A. Ketchum. (See Hul- 
bert VII). 

The Crane family of Massachu- 
CRANE setts, numerously represented in 
its various generations, has been 
conspicuous in the history of the Common- 
wealth, along the most useful lines, and num- 
bers among its members the founders and 
managers of some of the most important in- 
dustries, and those who have rendered to the 
State and Nation distinguished official ser- 

(I) Henry Crane, immigrant ancestor, was 
born in England, in 162 1, and died in Mil- 
ton, Massachusetts, March 21, 1708. He set- 
tled in that part of Dorchester set oflf as Mil- 
ton, his home being on the road from Rox- 
bury to Braintree, and he was living there be- 
fore September i, 1654, was selectman 1679- 
80-81. and one of the trustees of the first 
meeting house. He was engaged in the iron 
manufacture in Milton and Dorchester, and 
accumulated considerable wealth. An auto- 
graph letter written by him May 7, 1677, is 
preserved in the Massachusetts archieves : it 
is his reply to the order of the colonial gov- 
ernment for him to dispose of three Indian 
servants. He married (first) Tabitha, daugh- 
ter of Stephen Kinsley; (second) 1683, Eliz- 
abeth . Children by first marriage: i. 

Benjamin, born about 1656; was in King 
Philip's war, and wounded in Swamp fight. 2. 
Stephen, see forward. 3. Henry Jr. 4. John, 
born January 30, 1658-59; was one of the 
brothers who started the first iron forge in 
America ; married Hannali, daughter of Cap- 
tain James Leonard. 5. Elizabeth, born Au- 
gust 14, 1663; married Eleazer Gilbert; (sec- 
ond) George Townsend. 6. Ebenezer, born 
August 6, 1665. 7. Mary, born November 
22, 1666; married Samuel Hackett. 8. Mercy, 
born January i, 1668. 9. Samuel, born June 
8, 1669. 10. Anna, removed to Taunton. 


221 r 

( II ) Stephen, second son of Henry and 
Tabitha (Kinsley) Crane, was born in that 
part of the town of Dorchester, Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony, called Uncataquissett, set 
off as the town of Milton, May 7, 1662. The 
date of the marriage of his parents and of the 
birth of their first three sons — Benjamin, 
Stephen and Henry — are not recorded in the 
town books. The date of the birth of the 
fourth son John is fixed as the 11 mo. 30, 
1658, which would make the approximate 
year of birth of Stephen 1655-56. He was 
brought up on his father's estate, and prob- 
ably continued in that occupation during his 
entire hfe. He married (first) July 2, 1676, 
Mary Denison, born in 1660, died June 17, 
1721. Children, all born during the life of 
father: r. Mary, July, 1680. 2. Tabitha, 
October 7, 1682, died November 13, 1682. 3. 
Elizabeth, March 14, 1684; married Samuel 
Fuller, January 15, 1718. 4. Samuel. May 
23. 1687. 5. Zerviah, November 30, 1690. 6. 
Benjamin, mentioned below. Stephen Crane 
married (second) Comfort, widow of Samuel 
Belcher, of Braintree, August 13, 1723; no 
children. He died at Alilton, Massachusetts, 
July 20, 1738, and his widow died in Milton, 
December 21, 1745. 

(HI) Benjamin, youngest child of Stephen 
and Mary (Denison) Crane, was born in that 
part of the Blue Hill lands as were divided 
between Braintree and IMilton, May 30, 171 2, 
December 17, 1692. He married, December 
27, 1722, Abigail Houghton, He was, like 
his father and grandfather, a farmer, and 
brought up his eight children on the farm. 
Children, born in IMilton, Norfolk county, 
Massachusetts: r. Joseph, February 28, 1724. 
2. Mary, January 23, 1727. 3. Benjamin, 
June 4, 1728. 4. Abigail, August 16, 1729. 5. 
Amariah. March i. 1731. 6. Seth, July 22, 
1732. 7. Stephen, mentioned below. 8. 
Abijah, August 11. 1736. died July 4, 1737. 
Benjamin Craine died in Milton, Massachu- 

fIV) Stephen (2), son of Benjamin and 
Abigail (Houghton) Crane, was born in Mil- 
ton, Massachusetts, May 19, 1734. He re- 
moved to that part of Stoughton which after 
February 23, 1797, was known as Canton, 
Massachusetts, where he erected a house on 
the shore of Punkapoag Brook, near the junc- 
tion with the Neponset river. A paper mill had 
been erected there in 1730, a short distance 
below the site of this house, by a company 
which included Daniel Henchman, a well es- 
tablished bookseller and publisher in Boston. 

This mill had been run for a few years and 
then discontinued, as it did not prove profit- 
able. In 1760 the mill was again started up 
by James Boies, of Boston. He was induced 
to do this through a knowledge of the willing- 
ness of one Hazelton, a soldier in an English 
regiment, then stationed in Boston, who was 
by trade a paper maker, to operate the mills 
if he could procure a furlough. This was ef- 
fected, and the mill was set at work and con- 
tinued to manufacture paper in small quan- 
tities until the revolution. Stephen Crane fur- 
nished from his family two workmen in his 
sons Stephen (3) and Zenas, and they, under 
the direction of Hazelton, became adept paper 
makers and pioneer manufacturers of paper 
in New England, Stephen building a mill of 
his own at Newton Lower Falls, ten miles 
west from Boston. 

Stephen Crane married, November 13, 
1762, Susannah, daughter of Nathaniel and 
Susannah (Tucker) Badcock. She was born 
in Milton, Massachusetts, February 7, 1742. 
Children, born in Milton: i. Luther, March 
10, 1764; married. May, 1806, Jane Morton; 
he died October 6, 1843. 2. Stephen, Janu- 
ary 2, 1766; married Elizabeth Gardner, of 
Brighton, Massachusetts ; built a paper mill 
at Newton Lower Falls, said to have been the 
second in Massachusetts; he died 1802. 3. 
Philemon, January 7, 1769, died February 12, 
1769. 4. Susannah, June 7, 1770. 5. Na- 
than, May 15, 1774; married, October 19, 
1806, Avis Harrington, of Watertown, Mas- 
sachusetts ; she died !March 16, 1813, and he 
married (second) Susan Hastings, of Wal- 
tham, December 25, 1813; she was born Oc- 
tober 18. 1787, and died July 25, 1862. Na- 
than Crane died September 21, 1826. 6. 
Zenas, mentioned below. 

(V) Zenas, son of Stephen (2) Crane, 
was born May 9, 1777, and died in Dalton, 
June 20, 1845. He began learning the paper 
making business in the mill of his brother 
Stephen, at Newton Lower Falls, and made 
further advancement in General Burbank's 
mill at Worcester. In 1799 he journeyed west- 
ward on horseback in quest of a location for 
a mill. At Springfield he found a mill, estab- 
lished before 1788, probably by Eleazer 
Wright. Going further west, he reached the 
upper Housatonic, passing his first night at 
an inn near the border line between Dalton 
and Pittsfield, Berkshire county, not far from 
where his sons, Zenas M. and James B. 
Crane, afterwards built fine mansions, and 
where the Crane mills continue to turn out 



products that have a world-wide as well as a 
national fame. 

In 1799 Dalton had nearly one thousand in- 
habitants, chiefly engaged in agriculture. 
Among them were such men as William Wil- 
liamson, the distinguished loyalist ; Colonel 
and Judge Israel Williams, of Hatfield, and a 
cousin of Ephraim Williams, founder of Wil- 
liams College, who entrusted to him chiefly 
the execution of his plans; Calvin Waldo, 
graduate of Dartmouth, and a prominent law- 
yer; Dr. Perez March, graduate of Harvard, 
and a county judge; and other men of like 
character. At that time the nearest mills were 
at Springfield, Massachusetts ; Bennington, 
\'ermont ; Troy, New York ; and Hartford, 
Connecticut. While the site was selected in 
1799, the mill was not built until the spring 
of 1 80 1, as is shown by the following adver- 
tisement in the Pittsfield Sun of February 8, 

Americans ! 

Encourage your own Manufactories, and tiiey wili 


Ladies, fave your RAGS. 

As tlie Subfcribers liave it in contemplation to erect 

a PAPER MILL in Dalton. the enfusing fpring ; and 

the bufiness being very Ijeneflcial to the community at 

large, they flatter themselves that they shall meet with 

due encouragement. And that every woman, w'ho has 

the good of her country, and the intereft of her own 

family at heart will patronize them, by faving their 

rags, and fending them to their Manufactory, or to the 

neareft Storekeeper — for which the Subscribers will 

give a generous price. 

Worcefstcr. Feb. S. ISfil. 

IMartin Chamberlain, a son of Joseph, was 
an early settler of the town, was at first ap- 
parently skeptical and would give only oral 
permission to erect a building and make the 
experiment, but finally (December 25, 1801 ) 
executed a deed to Henry Wiswell, Zenas 
Crane and Daniel Gilbert, for about fourteen 
acres of land, with a paper mill and append- 
ages thereon standing, for $194. Gilbert had 
taken the place of John Willard. The build- 
ing was a one-vat mill, and its main part was 
of two stories, the upper one used as a drying 
loft. Its capacity was twenty posts, a post 
being one hundred and twenty-five sheets of 
paper. When the mill started there were two 
weekly newspapers in the county, and one of 
them purchased much of its supply from this 
mill. In 1779 there were only five postofiices 
in Berkshire county, and in 1801 only seven. 
The nearest one to Dalton was at Pittsfield, 
where Mr. Crane received his mail matter un- 
til 18 1 2, when the Dalton Postoffice was es- 

Mr. Crane conducted the mill since known 
as the "Old Berkshire" until 1807, when he 
sold his undivided third to his partner, Wis- 
well, and went into the mercantile business in 
the eastern part of town, in which he con- 
tinued until 1810. In that year (April 28), 
he bought David Carson's interest in what was 
later known as the "Old Red Mills", which 
was run for a time by Crane, Wiswell, Cham- 
berlain and Cole until 1822, when Mr. Crane, 
who had from the date of his purchase been 
superintendent and chief manager, became 
sole owner. In 1842 he transferred his inter- 
est in the Old Red Mill to his sons, Zenas 
Marshall and James Brewer, who were al- 
ready his partners. That year the B. & A. 
railroad was opened. In the fall of 1870 the 
mill was burned but was rebuilt. In 1879 the 
firm was awarded the contract for supplying 
the United States government with paper for 
■bank bills, bonds, etc. To fill this contract the 
firm bought the brick mill which had been 
built a few years before by Thomas Colt, in 
Pittsfield, very near the Dalton line, not far 
from the site of the inn where the first Zenas 
Crane passed his first night in Berkshire. It 
is now known as the Government Mill. Sev- 
eral of its employees are detailed from the 
Treasury Department at Washington, and not 
the slightest irregularity has ever come to 
light, such is the perfection of the system em- 

The introduction of silk threads into the 
fibre of the paper was the discovery of Zenas 
Marshall Crane in 1846, but he did not ap- 
ply for a patent at the time, although his idea 
was adopted by several state banks. Twenty 
vears later, when the United States Govern- 
ment adopted the plan, an Englishman en- 
deavored to establish a claim as the patentee, 
but the fact that the state banks could show 
issues made by them at an earlier date saved 
the government much more in royalties than 
any profits the Cranes may have received. 

In 1850 the firm of Crane & Wilson leased 
a stone factory which had been built in 1836 
as a wooden factory, between the Old Red 
Mill and the Government Mill, the youngest 
son of the pioneer, Seymour Crane, being then 
a member of the firm. In 1865 the property 
was rented by Zenas Crane Jr., eldest son of 
Zenas M. Crane. The mill was burned May 
13. 1877, ^"fi rebuilt on a larger scale, and has 
since been operated by Z. and W. M. Crane. 

Mr. Crane sat in the legislature several 
times after i8ii, and in Governor Everett's 
council 1836-37. He was first a Federalist 



and then a Whig in pohtics. Mr. Crane mar- 
ried, November 30, 1809, Lucinda, daughter 
of Gains and Lucretia ( Babcock) Brewer, of 
Wilbraham, Massachusetts. Children: i. 
Lucinda, born March 19, 1813. 2. Zenas 
Marshall; see forward. 3. James Brewer, 
born April 30, 1817; married Eliza B. Thomp- 
son; (second) Mary E. Goodrich. 4. Lind- 
ley Murray, born March 17, 1822. 5. Sey- 
mour, born September 16, 1826. Of the sons 
of Mr. Crane, Lindley Murray, in 1847, es- 
tablished a paper mill at Ballston Spa, New 
York, where he died 1879. Robert B. and 
James, sons of James B. Crane, as Crane 
Brothers, established mills at Westfield, Mas- 

(VI) Zenas Marshall, second child and eld- 
est son of Zenas Crane, was born in Dalton, 
Massachusetts, January 21, 1815, and died 
March 12, 1887. His business training was 
under his father, and included a minute prac- 
tical knowledge of the details of paper manu- 
facturing as it was conducted at that early 
time. In 1842 he and his brother succeeded 
to the business of the father, and they, like 
bim, were successful to such a degree that 
they found it necessary to enlarge their plant 
from time to time. Much of their success was 
due to the fact that they constantly installed 
the most modern machinery, yet with saying 
this, the great business ability and practical 
skill of Zenas M. Crane, the senior partner, 
must not be overlooked. During the course 
of his business life many inventions changed 
paper making processes, and not a few of 
these were the results of his own ingenuity. 
He invented an attachment to the Fourdinier 
machine to regulate the flow of paper and 
create an even surface, and in 1846 he de- 
signed a method of introducing into the fibre 
of bank bills, numbers corresponding to their 
value, in order to prevent the raising of their 
denomination without detection. He did not 
apply for letters patent on the latter ingenious 
contrivance, but some twenty years later, 
when the national banking system was estab- 
lished, the practical men at the head of finan- 
cial afifairs adopted a plan essentially the same 
as Air. Crane's, in order to prevent the coun- 
terfeiting of paper. Soon after the govern- 
ment had adopted his ideas in this regard, an 
Englishman came to Washington as claimant 
of the invention, but, as the Mahaine Bank in 
Great Barrington, and some others, had adopt- 
ed Mr. Crane's invention long before the date 
of the Englishman's patent, it saved the gov- 
ernment from paying royalty to the foreigner. 

If Mr. Crane had secured patents on his vari- 
ous inventions, they would undoubtedly have 
brought him a liberal fortune in themselves. 
However, this neglect inured to the advantage 
of various paper manufacturers who utilized 
the fruits of his genius, and without expense. 
As a paper manufacturer he had no peer in 
the country. 

Mr. Crane was strong not alone in the field 
of manufacture and invention, but as a man 
and a citizen. His was an ideal life. With 
large brain and large heart, lie was strong in 
intellect, in sympathy, in all that goes to make 
up the best in man which we call character. 
In him was no sham, nothing that could be 
criticised as on a low plane. He never reached 
down, except to grasp the hand of the lowly 
who needed lifting up. He was ever reaching 
for the good, the true, and the beautiful. It 
was not in his nature to do a man a wrong, 
and on everv hand there is evidence to show 
that all these elevating characteristics were 
his. The living men and women in Dalton 
who were connected with the Crane paper 
mills during any part of the time he conduct- 
ed them, are even now ever ready to speak of 
his kindness and generosity, praising the man 
who had for so many years employed them at 
good wages, had looked after them in times 
of their sickness or misfortune, and who 
never turned one of them away unless for 
some great misdeed which could not be over- 

But in a far broader sense can Mr. Crane 
be spoken of in such connection. Outside of 
his business, he was a man who held a high 
and honored place. The paper trade, from 
one extreme of the country to the other, knew 
him for a man of the highest integrity and 
strictest honesty. Those who had dealings 
with him knew that, when he told them he 
would manufacture for them a paper of a 
certain quality, it would not fall below the 
grade he had promised. In short, he was a 
man of his word, not only in business, but in 
all things entering into his long and eventful 

His charities and benefactions were greater 
than was ever known during his life, so un- 
ostentatiously were they bestowed. One of 
the most lasting monuments to his memory is 
the Old Ladies' Home in Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts. This substantial and artistic brick 
edifice, one of the ornaments of South street, 
was his gift, though his will made no provi- 
sion for its erection. In conversation with 
his son, only a short time before his death. 



he expressed a wish to donate to his native 
county such a Home, making it so plain that 
he intended to make such provision by will, 
that, after his death, his family made the fact 
known, and proceeded to carry out his design. 
The result was the erection of the Berkshire 
County Home for Aged Women. It may be 
here said that out of the love they bore him. 
and their sympathy for his purpose, the widow 
and children of Mr. Crane carried out his 
wish to the letter, providing a Home which 
ever keeps his memory in grateful recollec- 
tion, and which is regarded with pride by the 
people of the city and county. Mr. Crane 
made a bequest of $5,000 to the House of 
Mercy, Pittsfield. He lived in a generous 
style, and was an excellent entertainer, al- 
though not upon a pretentious scale. His resi- 
dence and grounds were among the most at- 
tractive in the beautiful Berkshires. 

In his early life Mr. Crane was an ardent 
Whig. At the formation of the Republican 
party in 1856 he became one of its most zeal- 
ous supporters, and maintained his connec- 
tion with it throughout the remainder of his 
life. He became one of its leaders, not only 
in his county, but throughout the state, and 
he was honored by election to the state sen- 
ate in 1856 and 1857. It cannot be said that 
he was ambitious politically, for he assisted 
others to position rather than himself. He 
was a staunch friend of the late Senator 
Dawes, and whenever the latter was a con- 
gressional candidate, he was one of the most 
influential in promoting his success. Mr. 
Crane was a lifelong personal and political 
friend of the late Judge James Robinson, of 
North Adams, and when the latter came to 
Pittsfield to hold court, Mr. Crane usually 
came in from Dalton, and they spent hours 
together, talking over political aflfairs and in- 
dulging in reminiscence. These conversa- 
tions at times resulted in furnishing Judge 
Robinson themes for his editorials in his 
North Adams Transcript, and this was es- 
pecially true during the administration of 
President Cleveland, when Judge Robinson 
editorially delivered his memorable philippics 
against the president. 

Mr. Crane took an intensely patriotic part 
during the war of the rebellion. During the 
administration of Governor Andrew he was 
a member of the executive council, in 1862- 
63, and in that position exhibited the same 
qualities of sound sense, business ability and 
adherence to principle that so strongly char- 
acterized him in private life, and which were 

of great assistance to the famous "War (mv- 
ernor" during the most critical period of the 
national history. 

Mr. Crane rnarried, at Lee, Massachusetts, 
August 29. 1839, Caroline E. Laflin, born 
]\Iay 31, 1818, died January 16, 1849. He 
married (second) Louise F. Laflin, born July 
I, 1830, sister of his first wife. His children: 
I. Zenas. born December 6, 1840. 2. Kate F., 
born October 17, 1843. 3- Caroline L., born 
April 26, 185 1. 4. Winthrop Murray, born 
April 2T,. 1852. 

(VII) James Brewer Crane, third child 
and second son of Zenas and Lucinda (Brew- 
er) Crane, was born in Dalton, Massachu- 
setts, April 30, 1817, and died August 4, 1891. 
He succeeded to a share in his father's busi- 
ness, and was identified with the phenomenal 
growth of the Crane paper manufacturing in- 
dustry, which engaged his attention through- 
out his life. Mr. Crane was a man of broad pub- 
lic spirit and bountiful benefactions. Among 
his generous gifts to meritorious institutions 
in his lifetime, he left in his will $15,000 to 
the Home for Aged Women, and $10,000 to 
the House of Mercy, both in Pittsfield, be- 
sides $22,000 for public purposes not spe- 
cifically designated. He married (first) Eliza 
Barlow Thompson, of Dalton; children: i. 
Robert B. 2. James. 3. Lizzie L., married 
Dr. William L. Paddock, a leading physician 
of Pittsfield, Massachusetts. 4. Jennie L., 
married Dr. Frank M. Crouch, a prominent 
physician in Dalton. Mr. Crane married 
(second) Mary E. Goodrich, who died Octo- 
ber 10, 1904. Children: Frederick G.. of 
whom further ; and MoUic, married Rev. Her- 
bert S. Johnson, a well known Baptist minis- 
ter in Boston. 

(\TII) Frederick Goodrich, only son of 
James Brewer and Mary E. (Goodrich) 
Crane, was born in Dalton, ^Massachusetts, 
and received his education in the public 
schools of that town. He was early intro- 
duced to the paper manufacturing business, 
with which he has been actively identified 
throughout his life, and is ofificially connected 
with the Crane Company. He is a director in 
the Agricultural Bank. The family are mem- 
bers of the Congregational Church of Dalton. 
He is a member of the Park Club, and in poli- 
tics is a Republican. He married Rose 
Paddock, born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 
daughter of Dr. Frank K. and Anna (Todd) 
Paddock. Three children were born of this 

In the maternal line, Frederick G. Crane 



comes from the Goodrich family, of English 
origin, through the following line : 

(I) William Goodrich, American ancestor, 
was born in or near Bury St. Edmunds, Suf- 
folkshire, England, and came to America, 
presumably with his brother John, as early as 
1643. He was admitted a freeman of Con- 
necticut in 1656, was an early settler at 
Whethersfield, and deputy to ' the general 
court at Hartford, May 15, 1662, and a 
grand juror. In 1663 he was appointed en- 
sign of the train band, and is called "En- 
sign" in 1676, just after the close of King 
Philip's war. On October 4, 1648, he mar- 
ried Sarah Marvin, who came in the ship "In- 
crease", from London, in 1635, at the age of 
three years, with her parents, Mathew and 
Elizabeth Marvin ; a brother and three sisters. 
Her father was original proprietor in Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, in 1638, one of the original 
grantees of Norwalk, same colony, in 1653, 
and representative the next year. His daugh- 
ter Sarah, wife of William Goodrich, w^as 
christened at Great Bentley England, Decem- 
ber 21, 1 63 1. The ]\Iarvin family is elabor- 
ately written of in "]\Iarvin English Ances- 
try," published by William I. R. ^Marvin, in 
1900. William Goodrich died in 1676, having 
been the father of nine children. His widow 
married (second) Captain William Curtis, of 
Stratford, and died in 1702. 

(II) John, son of William Goodrich, was 
born May 20, 1653, and died September 5, 
1730. He married, ;\Iarch 28, 1678. Rebecca 
Allen, born February, 1660, and to them 
were born nine children. Rebecca (Allen) 
Goodrich was daughter of Captain John and 
Sarah Allen, of Charlestown, Massachusetts. 
Her father came from Kent, England, with 
his wife Ann, in 1635, in the ship "Abigail", 
each aged thirty years. His wife died, and 

he married (second) Ann . He joined 

the church May 21, 1641, was admitted free- 
man in June, 1642, was of the artillery com- 
pany 1639, in 1657 was the wealthiest man in 
the town, and captain and representative in 

(III) Allyn, seventh child of John Good- 
rich, was born in Wethersfield, Connecticut, 
November 13, 1690. and died April 8, 1764. 
He removed to that part of Farmington call- 
ed "Great Swamp \'illage," where he was a 
blacksmith. He married, December 29, 1691, 
Elizabeth Goodrich, born November 19, 1691. 
died at Farmington, Connecticut, August 25, 
1726. daughter of Colonel David and Hannah 
(W'right ) Goodrich. Her father was born 

May 4, 1667, son of William Goodrich (i), 
so that Allyn Goodrich and his wife were 
cousins : Colonel Goodrich was a lieutenant- 
colonel in the old French war. Allyn Good- 
rich married (second) December 10, 1729, 
Hannah Seymour, born March 28, 1707, 
daughter of Samuel and Hannah (North) 

(IV) Elisha, son of Allyn and Elizabeth 
(Goodrich! Goodrich, was born September 
2, 1712, and was on the town list of Pitts- 
field, November 16, 1772. He married, No- 
vember 21, 1734, Rebecca Seymour, born June 
25, 171 1, daughter of Samuel and Hannah 
(North) Seymour, and sister of his step- 
mother. Her father was son of Richard and 
Hannah (Woodruff) Seymour, and grandson 
of Richard Seymour, one of the original pro- 
prietors of Hartford, in 1639. Elisha Good- 
rich and his wife were admitted to the church 
June 5, 1722; they had two children. 

(V) Josiah, son of Ehsha Goodrich, was 
born in Wethersfield. Connecticut, January 
15, 1740, and died in Pittsfield, Massachu- 
setts, October 24, 1798. He married, Sep- 
tember ID, 1767, Ruth Gilbert, born August 
14, 1743, died August 4, 1777. He married 
(second! in Wethersfield, Connecticut. Feb- 
ruary 25, 1779, widow Abigail (Wolcott) 
Wright, born in Wethersfield, April 21, 1752, 
died at South Hadley, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 24, 1 83 1, daughter of Samuel and 
Mary ('\\'yatt) ^^'olcott, widow of Levi 
Wright. Pittsfield church records show that 
Josiah Goodrich was admitted a member, 
"September. 1781, by letter from church in 
Glastonbury, Connecticut. Josiah Goodrich 
had one child by his first wife, and seven chil- 
dren by his second wife. 

(VI) Levi, son of Josiah and Abigail 
(Wolcott- Wright) Goodrich, was born in 
Pittsfield, Massachusetts, December 9, 1785, 
and died August 8, 1868. He was active and 
successful as a farmer, builder and contractor, 
having contracts on the Harlem. Housatonic, 
Western and North Adams railroads. He was 
many times called to official position. He mar- 
ried, February 27, 1806. Wealthy Whitney, 
born January 6, 1788, died July 24, 1858, 
daughter of Joshua and Anna (Ashley) 
Whitney, of Pittsfield. Levi Goodrich and wife 
were admitted to the Congregational church in 
1832, at Pittsfield, where they resided. They 
had ten children. 

(VII) Noah Whitney, son of Levi Good- 
rich, was born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 
]\Iay 17, 181 1, and died January 9, 1875. He 



married, September i6, 1832, Abigail Porter 
Goodrich, and they resided on Summer street, 
Pittsfield. Uoth were admitted to the Con- 
gregational church there, in 1832, the year 
of their marriage. Mr. Goodrich, having 
passed his entire life in Pittsfield, was well 
acquainted with the history of that town, and 
recognized as an authority in the matter of 
roads and boundaries. He was a most es- 
timable man. Children of Noah Whitney and 
Abigail Porter (Goodrich) Goodrich: i. 
Harriet, born June 6, 1834. 2. Levi \\'., born 
May 31', 1836; married Alice Battle. 3. Mary 
E., born June 21, 1838; married James Brew- 
er Crane" (q. v.). 4. Lydia L., born August 
24, 1840; married William H. Cooley. 5. 
Lydia W., born September i, 1842; married 
John Feeley. 6. Frank Hinsdale, born April 
"7, 1846; married Elda Hoyt. 7. Fanny, born 
May 4, 1835; married Frank A. Robbins. All 
were born in Pittsfield. 

Abigail Porter Goodrich, wife of Xoah 
Whitney Goodrich, was born November 28, 
1812, and died September 2, 1891, daughter 
of Butler and Lydia (White) Goodrich. Hus- 
band and wife were fourth cousins. While 
Mr. Goodrich was descended from William 
Goodrich, the immigrant, through his son 
John, his wife was descended from the same 
ancestor through another son, Ephraim, whose 
wife was Sarah Treat, daughter of Richard 
Treat, and granddaughter of Richard Treat. 
an early settler in Wethersfield. Ephraim 
Goodrich had a son Gideon, who married 
Sarah , and had a son Caleb, who mar- 
ried Huldah Butler, and they were the par- 
ents of Butler Goodrich, whose wife was Ly- 
dia White. Lydia \Miite was descended from 
Elder John White, who came from England 
in the .ship "Lion", in 1632, settled in Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, and removed to Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, in 1636. Her father. 
Ebenezer White, leased the mill privilege in 
Pittsfield in 1778. He was admitted to the 
church in 1776, and his wife Abigail in 1774; 
she was daughter of Abraham Porter, of 
Hartford, Connecticut. 

The surname Atwater ap- 
ATWATER pears very early in English 

records, in the English langu- 
age in various forms, and in the Latin, which 
was long the language of all scholars in 
Britain, as ad A qua in and de Aqua, the 
name implying that its possessor lived at or by 
a stream or other body of water. The earliest 
mention of the name, so far as traced, is in 

the county of Kent, in the parish of Stone, 
where the name Godefried ate Water occurs in 
connection with the Manor of Eylvarton be- 
fore the year 1257. 

The early Atwaters in America were the 
offspring of sturdy, upright, God-fearing peo- 
ple, of whom all who bear the name may well 
be proud. The colonial history of Connecti- 
cut would not be complete if the names of 
Joshua and David Atwater were omitted. 
"Genealogists have traced the English ances- 
try of the Atwaters of the United States in 
Royton. in Lenham, in Kent, by wills to John 
Atwater, of Royton, as follows: 

(I) John Atwater, of Royton, made a will 
which was proved July 14. 1501. This will 
mentions his wife Maryan, sons Robert and 
John, daughters Florence, Spyce and Thom- 
asyn Turner, also grandchildren and god- 
children, and property at Royton in Lehham. 
( H") Robert, "the elder", of Royton, son 
of John and Maryan Atwater, made a will 
which was proved December 22, 1522; it men- 
tions sons John and Thomas, brother John, 
sisters Florence and Thomasyn. Alice, wife 
of son John ; and properties at Langderfield, 
Parkfields, Little Scotland, land lying in Len- 
ham called Grant's Gate. 

(HI) Thomas, son of Robert Atwater, was 
of Royton: his will proved December i, 1547. 
mentions wife Johan, sons Thomas, Christo- 
pher. Edward and \\'illiam. and a daughter 
.Alice. He enumerates properties: "One 
Messuage called Ward's and gardeyn" : "an- 
other messuage and one gardeyn situate, at 
Grants Gate" : "my house, the which I now 
dwell in, and gardeyn. and twenty-two pieces 
of land, of which are named Edythe. West- 
broke. Churchfilde. Darbnlls, Broke, Under- 
croft. Hyfield. Symerfield, Agellcroft, Pyxes, 
Dervold", and "other two pieces" (Park- 
fields) in Royton, Bromfield, Bromecroft and 
Randalls, in IBoughton ATalherbe. 

(IV) Christopher, son of Thomas and 
Johan x\twater, of Royton. died before April 
fi, 1573, the date on which his will was proven. 
The will mentions wife Maryan, sons David, 
Matthew, George, and John, and daughter 
Joane, brothers Thomas and Wyllyam. and 
"Adam Water, my brother's son"; properties, 
lands and tenements in Lenham and Bough- 
ton ATalherbe, Parkfields. Randalls and Brom- 

(Y) John (2). youngest son of Christo- 
pher and Maryan Atwater. died intestate. Ad- 
ministration on his estate was granted to his 
son. Joshua, at request of his widow, Susan, 



November 29, 1636. He and his daughter 
Ann and sons Joshua and David were men- 
tioned in the wills of his brothers David and 
George, the will of his brother David convey- 
ing to him Parkfields in Lenham and Randalls 
in Boughton Malherbe during his life, and 
after his decease "unto David Attwater, his 
Sonne and to his heires forever." 

(VI) David, younger of the two sons of 
John (2) and Susan Atwater, was baptized 
in Lenham, October 8, 161 5, died in New 
Haven, Connecticut, October 5, 1692. Be- 
sides his interest in his father's estate, in 
which, according to the custom of gavelkind, 
he would retain the homestead, he became en- 
titled, by the will of his uncle and god-father 
David, upon the death of his uncle, George, 
in 1622, when he was seven years old, to the 
place "called the Vyne, with all the appurten- 
ancesi', in Lenham, and by the same will, upon 
the death of his father, John, to the lands 
called P'arkfields in Lenham and of Randalls 
in Boughton Malherbe, and by the will of his 
uncle, George, upon the death of his aunt, 
Ann, wife of his uncle, George, to the "house, 
barns and buildings, with all lands thereunto 
belonging, at a place called Grant's Gate, in 
Royton. In the month in which David at- 
tained his majority, October, 1636, his fath- 
er died, and his mother died scarcely more 
than two months later, in January, 1637. In 
less than six months from the latter event, 
June 26, 1637, the brothers Joshua and Da- 
vid, with their sister Ann, arrived in Boston. 
It cannot be doubted that their arrangements 
for removal, so hastily made at that time of 
general discontent and apprehension in church 
and state affairs, involved large pecuniary 
sacrifices. They came in the company of 
Messrs. Eaton, Davenport and others, and 
with them were among the founders of the 
New Haven Colony. He and his sister Ann 
probably sailed from Boston where they had 
spent the winter and with the company 
reached their new home in the spring of 1638. 
He signed the plantation covenant June 4, 
1639, the day of the meeting of the constituent 
assembly in Mr. Newman's .barn. In 1643 he 
was one of twenty-nine planters whose es- 
tates were on the list at £500 or more upon 
the union of the New Haven and Connecticut 
colonies, consummated at a general court held 
at Hartford, May 11, 1665. David Atwater 
was the first of the New Haven colonv who 
was sworn a freeman of the L^nited Colonv. 
Besides the town lot assigned to him, as to 
each of the original settlers, the plantation as- 

signed to David Atwater in the original di- 
vision of lands among the planters was in the 
Neck, between Mill and Quinnipiack rivers. 
at the north side of what is now the city of 
New Haven. There appear to have been 
three of these divisions in his lifetime, the 
first division being about one hundred acres 
to him, as appears in the inventory of his 
estate. The general name of Cedar Hill has 
been given to this region. Descendants of Da- 
vid Atwater still reside at Cedar Hill. The 
eldest male representative in each succeding 
generation was born here, and for a time at 
least resided there. Witchcraft made little im- 
pression on the steady going inhabitants of 
New Haven ; but it is stated that in 1654 the At- 
waters, the Lambertons and even Mr. Hooke, 
the colleague of Davenport, attempted to ef- 
fect the death of a woman whose sharp tongue 
had rendered her obno.xious, and therefore 
suspicious to her acquaintances; but their 
combined influence effected nothing, and she 
died peacefully in her bed some years later. 
David Atwater's will was dated April 14, 
1 69 1, and to this an "appendix" was added, 
dated December 9, 1691. David Atwater mar- 
ried Damaris, daughter of Thomas Savre. of 
Southampton, Long Island, before March 10, 
1647, the date of the general court, when the 
name of "David Atwater's wife" was read 
among those settled in the meetinghouse. 
She died April 7, 1691. Their children: 
^lercy, Damaris, David, Joshua, John, Jona- 
than, Abigail, Mary, Samuel and Ebenezer. 

(VII) John (3). third son of David and 
Damaris fSayre) Atwater, was bom in New 
Haven. November i, 1654, died in 1748. aged 
ninety-four. He was called "weaver", and 
his name was in the list of proprietors in 1685. 
The following is a transcript from the will 
of his father : "Item, I doe give and bequeath 
unto my son, John Attwater, ye House and 
accommodations at Wallingford, with ye 
Rights and privileges and appurtenances 
thereunto belonging, wch I bought of Sam- 
uel Potter, with two acres of meadow I had 
of John Dod. formerly Ephraim Young's 
land, and one more acre of silt marsh next 
ye river, lying near my son David's." He 
settled in Wallingford upon a farm which be- 
longed to his brother Joshua. He married 
('first) September 13, 1682, .Abigail ]Mans- 
field, born February 7, 1664, died September 
24. 1717. He married ("second") November 
27, T718, Mary Beach. His children, all by 
first wife, were: John, Abigail. Mercy. Han- 



nah, Joshua, Moses, Phineas, Caleb, Benja- 
min and Ebenezer. 

(VIII) John (4), eldest child of John (3) 
and Abigail (Mansfield) Atwater, was born 
August 17, 1683, and lived in Cheshire, where 
he died March 11, 1765, aged eighty-two. He 
married, August 4, 1713, Elizabeth ;\Iix, who 
died February 20, 1758. Their children were: 
Stephen (died young), Enos, John, Stephen, 
Elizabeth, Hannah, Sarah, Titus, Amos and 

(IX) John (5), third son of John (4) and 
Elizabeth (Mix) Atwater, was born June 27, 
1 718, and lived in Cheshire. He married, 
February 22, 1744, Hannah Thompson. An 
item in the Connecticut Journal states : "Died 
suddenly at Cheshire, December 14, 1804, 
Mrs. John Atwater, aged 87." Their chil- 
dren were: Jeremiah, Phebe, Hannah, John 
and Mary. 

(X) Jeremiah, eldest son of John (5) and 
Hannah (Thompson) Atwater, was born No- 
vember 10, 1744, lived at the corner of Chapel 
and Orange streets, and died October i, 1835, 
aged ninety-one. He married Lois Hurd, of 
Killingworth, who died July 23, 1824. Their 
children were: James (died young), Jere- 
miah, John (died young), John, Lois, James, 
Charles, Fanny, Nancy and Polly. 

(XI) Rev. Charles, sixth son of Jeremiah 
and Lois (Hurd) Atwater, was born August 
18, 1786, lived in North Branford, died Feb- 
ruary 21, 1825. He graduated from Yale 
College in 1805, and was installed pastor of 
the Congregational church at North Branford, 
March i, 1809. He married, October 4, 1809, 
Mary Merwin, born February 18, 1785, died 
October 13, 1879, aged ninety- four, daughter 
of Miles and Abigail Ann (Beach) Merwin, 
of Milford. She married (second) June 22, 
1827, Abijah Fisher, of New York, by whom 
she had one child, Charles A. Fisher. The 
childern of Charles and Mary (Merwin) At- 
water were: Charles ^lerwin, George Mer- 
win, David Fisher and James Chaplin. The 
following is a brief account of the Beach 
family including the revolutionary record of 
Thomas and Landa Beach, the grandfather 
and great-grandfather of Mary Merwin. 

(i) Thomas Beach first appeared in New 
Haven in 1646, migrated to Milford, and in 
1652 married Sara, daughter of Deacon Rich- 
ard Piatt, and a settler. (2). John, son of 

Thomas Beach, married Mary , and 

settled in Wallingford, Connecticut. (3). 
Thomas (2), son of John Beach, born in 1686, 
married Hannah Atwater, a daughter of John 

Atwater and Abigail Mansfield, and she was 
the daughter of Major Moses Mansfield, as- 
sistant governor of the colony of Connecticut. 
Their children were: Abigail Ann, born 1718; 
Landa, 1727; Samuel, 1729; Hannah or Ann, 
1735- (4^- Landa, son of Thomas (2) 
Beach, born March 5, 1727, married, in 1743, 
Abigail, daughter of Lieutenant Nathan Bald- 
win, who had command of the fort in Mil- 
ford, also of governmental sloops. Their chil- 
dren were : Thomas, Daniel, Abigail Ann, 
Thaddeus, Samuel and Sara. (5). Abigail 
Ann, daughter of Landa Beach, married Miles 
Alerwin. Their children were : Abigail Ann, 
Miles, Samuel, Mary, Anson, Nathan and 
Benedict. From the report in the "Connecti- 
cut State Records" it appears that Thomas 
Beach, father of Landa, served in General 
Wolcott's brigade in 1777. He was in the bat- 
tle of White Plains and Fishkill Fort. 'Con- 
necticut history shows that Sergeant Landa 
Beach was in Colonel Webb's regiment at the 
battle of \Miite Plains, at Trenton with Cap- 
tain Peter Perritt and Lieutenant Samuel San- 
ford, of Milford ; also in Captain Hale's com- 
pany which acted as coast guard. Sergeant 
Beach was one of the force which crossed the 
Delaware river with Washington on the 
memorable 25th of December, 1776. 

(XII) George Merwin, second son of 
Rev. Charles and Mary (Merwin) Atwater, 
was born in Branford, October 29, 1814, died 
in Springfield, Massachusetts, January 14, 
1902. Rev. Dr. J. L. R. Trask of the 
Memorial Church preached an eloquent dis- 
course commemmorative of Mr. Atwater, one 
of the principal founders of the church, and 
gave an ajjpreciative characterization of his 
parishioner, emphasizing especially his love 
of nature, his strong and tender friendships 
and his breadth of religious views, and giv- 
ing with the portraiture glimpses of the life 
of the unique man years ago in Virginia and 
of his hospitality at Rockrimmon. The dis- 
course is so unique, so vivid, and evidenty so 
truthful that a great part of it is transcribed 
in the following account. 

For fifty years — a little more — and more 
than half of his entire life, Mr. Atwater had 
been identified with the growth of Spring- 
field. A New Englander by birth and by in- 
heritance, it was not a difficult matter for him 
to affliate himself with our life. And to say 
that he loved Springfield is to say that he 
chose one of its most pisturesque rural sites 
for his home, and built there the house and 
developed there the land to which he gave the 



name Rockrimmon. The uniqueness of Mr. 
Atwater's mind was apparent in all he did. It 
was greatly apparent in this selection of a 
place for his home — for the site was an iso- 
lated knob of clay and sand which he could 
approach only as he filled a large gulch 
which yawned between the knob and others 
to the south of it. He loved to do the im- 
practicable and the impossible. So he bridged 
the ravine with a plateau of earth and over 
this he made the road which led to his house. 
After this was done he attempted nothing fur- 
ther. A few meandering paths wide enough 
for a wagon track led you through the woods 
he loved so well to his hospitable door. He 
never permitted the rustic charm to be in- 
vaded by the fantastic conceptions of the 
landscape architect. It was nature and At- 
water. The first part of his commercial life 
was passed in Mrginia, and it was Virginia 
he was importing into New England when he 
built Rockrimmon, and left the woodland 
trails to tell their own story. One of the 
happy events in Mr. Atwater's life was his 
falling in with Mr. Upjohn, the architect of 
New York and Brooklyn. And when he dis- 
covered this peculiar location Mr. Atwater 
said: "The man to project me a house there 
is Mr. Upjohn." The architect had one piece 
of advice from the owner. "Build me such 
a house as my great-grandfather would have 
put up" — ordinary men build in the form of 
the present age. This unusual man went back 
to ancestral dates. And in the large hall 
which in the lower floor of the house is near- 
ly one-half its area, we get the true baronial 
dimension. Easily could a hundred have 
dined in the commodious apartment ; and in 
an earlier age the game could have been found 
in the adjoining woods. The log house not 
far from the mansion was a reminder of the 
same historic age. North and west the house 
commands a romantic view of the river, and 
the meadows and the hills. Mount Tom is 
fully in sight and ]\Iount Holyoke not far 
out of the visual range, while far to the 
northwest the village of Blandford and its 
white church lie on the rim of the horizon. 
But no distant view, or even one closer at 
hand, was as fine in Mr. Atwater's eye as the 
primeval trees, in the midst of which his 
house was set. To say that this unusual man 
loved trees is but half the truth. He wor- 
shipped them. No ax could be laid either to 
the root or the trunk of one until it menaced 
the house or threatened to barricade the rus- 
tic thoroughfares. In the owner's eyes a tree 

was a divine thought. He would crook around 
to save a tree. The civil engineer might argue 
till doomsday about the impropriety of irregu- 
lar lines in a road. In vain. The trees al- 
ways had the right of way. He told me that 
he must have planted in the thirty-five active 
years of his life fifteen thousand trees. He 
imported them by the wholesale. If he built 
a road, the first thing was to set trees gi-owing 
along the sides. He loved an open fire, but 
he begrudged the wood when it came from 
his own trees. He bought land partly with the 
idea of selling it again. But as the trees grew 
on it he had great difticully in separating him- 
self from them. Once when a three-cornered 
piece of land, heavily timbered, lying between 
two converging roads, was about to be de- 
nuded of its trees, he bought the worthless land 
in order to save the timber. And this superb 
passion for trees was probably a thing which 
he imbibed sixty years ago in Virginia where 
he rode on horseback, as his mercantile duties 
summoned him, across those eastern counties 
famous for statesmen, colonial residences, 
wide estates, and woods crowned with grand- 
eur. Of Springfield as a future home he did 
not know, as he tarried for a night as the 
guest of the famous John Randolph. And 
there were others less renowned than this 
sharp debator who killed men with his tongue, 
whose hospitality the young traveler enjoyed ; 
and hospitality was the golden chain that 
bound these widely scattered households. And 
up from the South this young man from Con- 
necticut brought to Rockrimmon the Virginia 
atmosphere. In his praise let us say, thirty 
years ago Mr. Atwater had here his south- 
ern home. Some black servants — no slaves, 
of course — and such warmth of welcome! 
His front doors were large, of double fold — 
so that all his friends could come at the same 
time if it should please them. The house was 
never too full. Horses, some of the best in 
Springfield, and wagons were at your service. 
He had his dogs — numerous and various 
fancy breeds, which in true Virginia style 
sported about the place or followed him as 
he rode to his business at Hadley Falls. In- 
deed, it was on one of these mounts that he 
saw in the distance the sandy knoll on which 
later his house was built. And he turned to 
follow the cart track until, to his suprise, it 
ended in paradise. He never could get away 
from the enchantment, nor did he ever, un- 
till the rural Eden became his property. Here 
the tired traveler or the preacher, worn with 
his morning's work, would see the kindly host 



himself approaching with a bit of fruit or a 
glass of milk to beguile the fatigue while 
dinner waited to be announced. There was 
no need of this, for j\Irs. Atwater was atten- 
tion itself. But he loved to lead you to your 
chamber to see that all was ready for the 
nights repose. And he never failed to tell 
you from which window in the morning the 
loveliest outlook was commanded. Rare in- 
deed was this gentleman's gift of household 
entertainment. There have been great days 
of refined and delicate courtesty at Rockrim- 
mon. Alas! that he, the prince of hosts, will 
utter there his word of welcome no more for- 
ever. No doubt the fire will burn again on 
the dining-room hearth and the shadows will 
flame and flicker and wave on the walls. But 
he will not be there to show you how he saw 
Andrew Jackson light his pipe with a cinder 
from the coals of the White House, or to be- 
guile you with happy reminiscences of lordly 
spirits who had sat dreaming above the hot 
ashes until the smal.l hours of a new day 
sounded the matin calls on the mantel. Here 
the preacher enumerated a list of prominent 
clergymen who had been entertained at Rock- 
rimm'on. Among them were Rev. Dr. Rich- 
ard Salter Stoors, Henry Ward Beecher, Rev. 
Dr. William Adams, Rev. Dr. Andrew L. 
Stone, of Boston, and San Francisco, and his 
Boston friends, Edwin B. Webb, and Henry 
M. Dexter, President Magoun of Iowa Col- 
lege, Zachary Eddy and Gordon Hall, of 
Northampton, Dr. William M. Taylor, Pres- 
ident Julius H. Seelye of Amherst College, 
Profes"sor Roswell D. Hitchcock. Lyman H. 
Atwater, and Rev. Dr. Brodhead, father of 
Mrs. Atwater, and many another illustrious 

In speaking of Mr. Atwater's personal 
characteristics, the speaker said: Mr. At- 
water saw clearly all around a subject, and 
saw it so suddenly, that speech could not keep 
pace with his vision. It is not strange that 
men misunderstood him. Sometimes they 
finished his incomplete sentences for him and 
mistook their own words for his utterances. 
It often happens that men who do not them- 
selves use figures of speech fail to understand 
those who use them as normal modes of ex- 
pression. No man could surpass Mr. At- 
water in that straight, direct, unhesitating 
and unequivocal form of speech which was 
his when aroused to the exigencies of thought. 
The sunlight was not clearer then. He rare- 
ly quoted. He originated. This gave his sen- 
tences piquancy, individuality and force. Men 

thought him visionary. I, too, have thought 
so. And they have wondered how he could 
have made any successes. But he was not al- 
ways visionary. He had great keenness, too, 
and practical sagacity that stood him in good 
stead. If he was slow in giving his judgment, 
it was because he was slow in forming his 
judgment. How could he give his verdict un- 
til all the facts were in? He was a better pro- 
jector than he was a permanent constructor. 
He launched things. C>thers brought them to 
port with a cargo. No man who knew him 
well could say that he did not know what he 
wanted or that he failed in plans for secur- 
ing it. So far from being irresolute, his was 
a strong and persistent will. He saw a way — 
he believed in it — he was fond of having it. 
If he was defeated, the loss was unpleasant. 
Ordinarily the shortest day was a circuitous 
one, but there were occasions when he 'crost 
lots.' He was not fond of straight lines, ex- 
cept in morals. He told the truth or kept 
silent. He was visionary and he was prac- 
tical. His horse fair was scouted as imprac- 
ticable and ungodly. But for many a year 
and with increasing regard this institution 
held its way with the public. His horse rail- 
road was deemed a whim. But he anticipated 
what the public wanted. His successors have 
developed it into a beneficent and richly re- 
munerative enterprise. Mr. Atwater had 
long sight. His commercial abilities were of 
a high, searching and accomplishing order. 

George M. Atwater married, October 2, 
1850. Harriet Romeyn, daughter of Jacob 
Brodhead, D. D., and Eliza Bleeker, his 
wife, of Brooklyn. New York. She was born 
August 8, 1826. Children: i. Harriet Brod- 
head, born November 8, 1853, at Springfield ; 
married, September, 1880, George Walton 
Green, of New York. 2. Mabel Bleeker, born 
November 28, 1856; married, December 19, 
1893, Albert Weaver, of New York, and has 
one child, Howard Brodhead Atwater. born 
November i, 1894. 

(The Beach Line). 

Beach is an ancient English surname and 
there have been many prominent men of the 
family in England as well as America. \"ari- 
ous branches of the family in England bear 

(]) Thomas Beach, immigrant ancestor, 
appeared in New Haven in 1648, and settled 
in Milford, Connecticut, as early as 1658, 
died 1662. He married, in 1652, Sarah, 
daughter of Deacon Richard Piatt, an immi- 



grant from England. She married (^ second j 
Miles Merwin. Children of Thomas and 
Sarah Beach: i. Sarah, born at New Haven, 
March i, 1654. 2. John, born October 19, 
1O55, at Milford; mentioned below. 3. Mary, 
born at Milford, 1657. 4. Samuel, born at 
Milford, 1660. 5. Zopher, born at Milford, 

(Hj John, son of Thomas Beach, was born 
in Milford, October 19, 1655, and died in 
1709. He was one of the lirst planters in 
\Vallingford, Connecticut, and his descend- 
ants have been numerous and prominent there. 

He married Mary . Children, born at 

Wallingford, except perhaps the eldest: i. 
Nathaniel. 2. Lettice, December 24, 1679; 
married William Ward. 3. Mary, January 
II, 1681 ; died September i, 1688. 4. Han- 
nah, ^larch 17, 1684; married, August 5, 
1708, Eliphalet Parker. 5. Thomas, Febru- 
ary 14, 1686; mentioned below. 6. John, Oc- 
tober 5, 1690; married, February 22, 1717, 
Mary Rogers. 7. Samuel, November 29, 
1696; married, April 29, 1718, Phebe Tyler. 

(III) Thomas (2), son of John Beach, 
who is called "Jr." in some of the records, 
was born February 14, 1686, at Wallingford. 
(A Thomas Beach was in General W'olcott's 
brigade in 1777, and took part in the battles 
of White Plains and Fishkill Fort.) He mar- 
ried. May 9, 171 1, Hannah Atwater. Chil- 
dren, born at Wallingford: i. Damaris, 
April 5, 1714. 2. Amzi, July 14, 1716. 3. 
Abigail, October 15, 1718. 4. Landa, March 

5, 1727; mentioned below. 5. Samuel, 1729. 

6. Asa, October 3, 1732. Hannah (Atwater) 
Beach was a daughter of John and Abigail 
(Mansfield) Atwater, and granddaughter of 
Major Moses Mansfield, assistant of the gov- 
ernor of Connecticut. 

(IV) Landa, son of Thomas (2) Beach, 
was born in Wallingford, March 5, 1727; mar- 
ried, 1743, Abigail, daughter of Lieutenant 
Nathan Baldwin, who had command of the 
fort at ^lilford and of various government 
vessels. Children : Thomas ; Daniel ; Abigail 
Ann, mentioned below ; Thaddeus ; Samuel ; 
Sara. Landa Beach was sergeant in Colonel 
Webb's regiment at the battle of White 
Plains, and at Trenton, with Captain Peter 
Perritt and Lieutenant Samuel Sanford of 
Milford ; also in Captain Hale's company, and 
served in coast guard duty ; was one of the 
party that crossed the Delaware river with 
General Washington on the memorable De- 
cember 25, 1776. 

(V) Abigail Ann, daughter of Sergeant 

iv — 30 

Landa Beach, was born in Wallingford ; 
married Miles JMerwin. Children: i. Abi- 
gail Ann Merwin. 2. Samuel Merwin. 3. 
i\Iiles Merwin. 4. ^lary Alerwin, married 
October 4, 1809, Rev. Charles Atwater (see 
Atwater). 5. Anson Merwin. 6. Nathan 
Merwin. 7. Benedict Merwin. 

(For preceding generations see Robert Morse 1). 

(VI) Captain Ezra (2) Morse, 
MORSE son of Ezra (i) Alorse, was 
born January 28, 167 1, died Oc- 
tober 17, 1760. He was deacon of the second 
church of Dedham for twenty-four years. He 
was captain of the militia company. He mar- 
ried Alary -, who died September 17, 

1746. Children: i. Captain Ezra, born De- 
cember 12, 1694. 2. John, November 10, 
1703; mentioned below. 3. Captain Joseph, 
April 29, 1706. 4. Mary, April 8, 1710; died 

(VII) John, son of Captain Ezra (2) 
Morse, was born November 10, 1703, in Ded- 
ham, died November 22, 1750. He resided 
in Dedham and Stoughtonham, Alassachu- 
setts. He married Mary, born October 24, 
1709, died January 20, 1750, daughter of Na- 
thaniel and Alehitable Guild. Children : i. 
John, born September 12, 1727. 2. Mary, 
November 29, 1729. 3. Captain Nathaniel, 
July 12, 1732. 4. Mary, February 2, 1734- 
35. 5. Gilead, October 3, 1737; mentioned 
below. 6. Ebenezer, February 19, 1739-40. 7. 
Levi, November 15, 1741. 8. Major Samuel, 
November 18, 1744. 9. Phillius, October 19, 

1747. 10. Tahpnes, May 13, 1750. 

(VIII) Gilead, son of John Morse, was 
born October 3, 1737, in Sharon, formerly 
Stoughtonham, Massachusetts. He married 
(firs.t) October 7, 1762, Deliverance, born in 
Dedham, August 31, 1738, died October 8, 
1785, daughter of William and Abigail El- 
lis. He married (second) April 28, 1787, 
Mary (Pettee) Fisher, daughter of Samuel 
and Mary (Coney) Pettee and widow of 
Thomas Fisher. She was bom February 26, 
1742, died April 27, 1825. He was a soldier 
in the French and Indian war under General 
Wolfe. He was a soldier in the revolution, in 
Captain Edward Bridge Savel's company, Col- 
onel Robinson's regiment in 1776, and in Col- 
onel Mcintosh's regiment in 1778 at Rox- 
bury. Children: i. Chloe, born March 26, 
1764. 2. Esrom, October 24, 1765. 3. 
Gilead, March 24, 1767. 4. Captain John, 
October 4, 1768; mentioned below. 5. L'r- 
bane, August 17, 1770. 6. Luther, Novem- 



ber 12, 1773. 7. Irene, March 3, 1776. 8. 
Hannah, February 10, 1778. 9. Abner, Jan- 
uary 16, 1780. 10. Luther, May 8, 1782. 

(IX) Captain John (2), son of Gilead 
Morse, was born in Sharon, October 4, 1768. 
He commanded a company of mihtia and was 
a prominent citizen. He resided at Dedham, 
Massachusetts. He married, October 30, 1792, 
Lucy, born November 10, 1768, daughter of 
Thomas and Mary (Pettee) Fisher. Chil- 
dren, born at Sharon: i. Lucy, August 5, 
1793; Hved at Mobile, Alabama. 2. John, 
February 16, 1796. 3. Julia, January 19, 
1799; lived at Mobile. 4. Willard, Aprd 24, 
1802; mentioned below. 5. Mary Pettee, 
May 24, 1806. 

(X) Willard, son of Captain John (2) 
Morse, was born April 24, 1802, at Sharon. 
He married, July 3, 1827, Eliza Glover. Chil- 
dren, born at Sharon: i. Esrom, April 25, 
1828. 2. Willard, June 16, 1829. 3. Eliza, 
October 11, 1830. 4. Bushrod, May 24, 1832. 

5. Gilford, January 5, 1836. 6. Elijah, May 

6, 1838. 7. Warren Thomas, July 4, 1846. 

(XI) Hon. Bushrod IMorse, son of Willard 
Morse, was born in Sharon, May 24, 1832. 
He attended the public schools of his native 
town and prepared for college in Providence 
Conference Seminary and at Pierce Acad- 
emy, Middleborough, from 1853 to 1856. He 
entered Amherst College in the fall of 1856 
and had a promising career as a student, but 
before the end of the year was obliged by ill 
health to relinquish his college course. He 
soon afterward undertook the study of law 
in North Easton and Boston and was ad- 
mitted to the Suffolk bar in October, 1864. 
He began to practice in the city of Boston and 
has continued with marked success to the 
present time, taking rank among the foremost 
lawyers of his day. He retained his home in 
Sharon until 1895, since then has been a resi- 
dent of Brookline. He and his brothers in- 
herited the Morse homestead near Lake Mas- 
sapoag, purchased by their great-grandfather, 
Gilead Morse, on his return from the French 
and Indian war in 1764, who in 1776 enlisted 
in the American revolution, rendered service 
and contributed money for the cause. It is 
a picturesque and historic place, alive with 
tender associations and memories of past gen- 

In politics Mr. Morse is a loyal Democrat 
of the old school and he has performed con- 
spicuous service for his party and the people. 
In municipal affairs he has been independent, 
however, and has held many offices of trust 

and honor. He has been chairman of the Sharon 
school committee; representative of the gen- 
eral court in 1870-83-84, serving on important 
committees, being chairman of the committee 
on probate and chancery in 1884. For many 
years he was chairman of the Norfolk county 
Democratic committee and a member of the 
Democratic state central committee, of Mas- 
sachusetts ; a presidential elector on the Demo- 
cratic ticket in 1884-88; delegate to the Demo- 
cratic national convention at Cincinnati, Ohio, 
in 1880; candidate of his party for congress- 
man in the second district against Governor 
John D. Long in 1886, and carried his own 
county by two hundred and thirty-three ma- 
jority, losing by only one thousand eight hun- 
dred and twenty-two votes. In 1890 he was 
again a candidate for congress when he re- 
ceived the highest vote ever cast for a Derno- 
cratic candidate for congress in this district. 
He has been a justice of the peace since 1864 
when he was first commissioned by Governor 
John A. Andrew. He is keenly interested in 
public questions and especially in public edu- 
cation. When a young man he taught school 
for several terms and his interest in the public 
schools has never abated. He has been dis- 
tinguished for his advocacy of reform legis- 
lation in the interests of laboring men 
and of tariflf, and many of his pub- 
lic speeches have been effectively used 
by his party in campaigns. He was in great 
demand as a campaign speaker in his younger 
days. In religion he is Unitarian. He is a 
member of Boston Art Club. 

The surname Beebe is of very 
BEEBE ancient origin. Ancient family 

papers said to be in the archives 
of Aston Hall, Warwickshire, England, show 
that this family descended from two Norman 
Knights, Richard and William de Boebe, who 
were of the royal guard of William the Con- 
queror, and went to England at the time of 
the Conquest. They were granted lands in 
Warwickshire, where the family afterwards 
lived. The name has many variations of spell- 
ing, Beebe, Beby, Beeby, Beebee, etc. The 
coat-of-arms borne by the Dillev Court family 
of England is : Azure a chevron or, three bees 
of the" second. Crest : A beehive or. Motto : 
Se Defendendo. 

During the parliamentary wars, John Beebe, 
of county Warwick, with two sons, having ar- 
dently stood by the popular cause against the 
Stuarts, fighting under Essex and Hampden, 
and all through Cromwell's campaign, were 



at the restoration of the Monarchy exposed 
to persecution by the court officials. They 
were summoned to take the' oath of allegiance 
before the king's governor at Warwick, but 
refused to recognize the right of that court. 
They, with others, at once emigrated to the 
province of York, and settled on estates with- 
in the royal demesne. Soon afterwards an- 
other branch of the family settled in Roxbury, 
Massachusetts, and held correspondence with 
Lord Stanley and Henry Fairfax of Durham. 
These letters were preserved by William 
Watt, Esq., lord of the manor of Aston, War- 
wickshire. The immigrant mentioned below 
is undoubtedly connected with this family. 

(I) John IJeebe, immigrant ancestor, was 
born in Broughton, county Northampton, Eng- 
land, and sailed for New England in April or 
May, 1650. He was accompanied by five chil- 
dren. His will was written on shipboard, and 
indicates that he died the same day, as he 
writes, "Being by Gods good hand brought on 
a voyadge towards New Engl'd to sea and 
there smitten by the good hand of God, so as 
that my expectation is for my chaynge". The 
will is dated May 18, 1650. He married Re- 
becca , who died in England. Children : 

I. John, baptized November 4, 1628; settled 
in New London, Connecticut. 2. Rebecca, 
baptized August 11, 1630. 3. Thomas, bap- 
tized June 23, 1633 (twin) ; settled in New 
London and was a shipmaster. 4. Samuel, 
baptized June 23, 1633 ; mentioned below. 5. 
Nathaniel, baptized January 23, 1635 ; settled 
in New London and later in Stonington, Con- 
necticut. 6. Mary, baptized March 18, 1637. 
7. Hannah, baptized June 23, 1640; probably 
died in England. 8. John, baptized about 
1641 : settled in Hadley, Massachusetts. 

(H) Samuel, son of John Beebe, was bap- 
tized at Broughton, England, June 23, 1633. 
He came to New England and settled at New 
London, Connecticut, where land was granted 
him, December 2, 1651, and afterwards. He 
married (first) Agnes Keeney. daughter of 
William Keeney. He married (second) Mary 
Keeney, born 1642, sister of his first wife. 
She resided, a widow, in Colchester, and on 
May 8, 1716, conveyed to Samuel Fox, of 
New London, land granted originally to Wil- 
liam Keeney, her father. Samuel Beebe prob- 
ably moved to Plum Island and died there 
early in 1712, as administration was granted 
on his estate April 6, 1712, to his widow Mary 
and son Samuel, of Southold, Long Island. 
Children: i. Samuel, born about 1660. 2. 
Susannah, about 1663. 3. William, about 

1665. 4. Agnes, about 1667. 5. Nathaniel, 
about 1667. 6. Ann, about 1672. 7. Jonathan, 
1674, mentioned below. 8. Mary, about 1678. 
9. Thomas, about 1682. 

(III) Jonathan, son of Samuel Beebe, was 
born in New London, Connecticut, in 1674. 
He settled at Millington, Connecticut, near the 
northeast corner of Long Pond, in East Had- 
dam, coming from New London as early as 
1704. He was a man of consequence in the 
town. He also owned land in Colchester. He 
died at East Haddam, October 12, 1761, aged 
eighty-seven. He married (first) Bridget 
Brockway, born at Lyme, January 9, 1671-72, 
died April 5, 1756, daughter of Wolstan and 
Hannah (Briggs) Brockway, He married 
(second) October 4, 1759, Elizabeth Staples, 
widow, of Millington, "each aged about eighty 
years" at the time of their marriage. Chil- 
dren : I. Jonathan, born about 1693. 2. Wil- 
liam, about 1700, mentioned below. 3. 
Joshua, about 1713. 4. Caleb, before 1717. 

(IV) William, son of Jonathan Beebe, was 
born at New London about 1700, died in East 
Haddam, Connecticut, January 29, 1788. He 

married (first) Phebe ; (second) 

Eleanor . Children : i. Abner, born 

1720. 2. Silas, 1728, mentioned below. 3. 
Asa, 1730. 4. William, 1732. 5. Elihu, 1735. 
6. Fannie, married Bixby Isham. 7. Eleanor, 
married Captain Amasa Day. 8. Phebe, 
married Ebenezer Dutton. 9. Ann, married 
Jabez Chapman. 

(V) Silas, son of William Beebe, was born 
in East Haddam in 1728. He married (first) 
Elizabeth Emmons; (second) Esther Cone. 
Children: i. Gehiel. 2. Ansel, mentioned 
below. 3. Silas, died in Madison county. New 
York. 4. Nathaniel, died 1850; lived in 
Onedia county. New York. 

(VI) Ansel, son of Silas Beebe, married 
Charlottee Arnold, and had son Ansel, men- 
tioned below, and Jared. 

(VII) Ansel (2), son of Ansel (i) Beebe, 
was born in 1792, died at Millington, 1866. He 
married Mary Elizabeth Starr. Children: i. 
Mary Elizabeth, born December 10, 1823, died 
1896; married Emmons. 2. Alden Joseph, 
August 24, 1825, mentioned below. 3. Henry 
G., February 22, 1828, died young. 4. 
Laura, died young. 5. Lucy, January 8, 

1834, married Treadway, 6. Julia 

Ann 1836; married Harvey; died 


(VIII) Alden Joseph, son of Ansel (2) 
Beebe, was born August 24, 1825, died in 
1897. He was educated in the public schools. 



and learned the carpenter's trade. He en- 
gaged in business as a carpenter and builder 
and took many contracts in Millington, 
Moodus and Colchester, Connecticut. He was 
one of the leading builders of this section and 
had a reputation for skill, economy and 
promptness in his business. He was thor- 
oughly upright and honorable in his dealings 
and commanded the respect of the entire com- 
munity. He was a Baptist in religion and a 
Republican in politics. He was a member of 
the Odd Fellows. He married Harriet L. 
Andrews, of Bashan, born there. Children : 
I. Kate, died aged seventeen years. 2. Har- 
riet, died aged twelve years. 3. Ella, died 
aged eighteen years. 4. William, married a 
Miss Wrisley and resides at Rocky Hill. 5. 
Frank D., born November i, 1856, mentioned 
below. 6. Elmer (twin), July i, 1866, men- 
tioned below. 7. Nellie (twin), July I, 1866. 

(IX) Frank D., son of Alden Joseph Bee^ 
be, was born at Colchester, Connecticut, No- 
vember I, 1856. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Bashan and Moodus, Connecti- 
cut. He learned the trade of molder of soft 
metals. At the age of eighteen he went to 
Cobalt, Connecticut, and learned the trade of 
casket trimming. He worked at this trade 
for a number of years at Meriden, Connecti- 
cut, and in various cities in Ohio and Penn- 
sylvania. He has resided in Holyoke since 
1893 when he engaged in the restaurant busi- 
ness there. Ten years later he opened his 
present bakery and has enjoyed an extensive 
and flourishing trade. He married, in 1893, 
Elizabeth Door, of New York state. 

(IX) Elmer, son of Alden Joseph Beebe, 
was born at Moodus, Connecticut, July i, 
1866. He was educated in the public schools 
of that town. .\t the age of fifteen he started 
upon his career, walking to Middletown, Con- 
necticut. He entered the employ of the Meri- 
den Silver Plate Company, looking after the 
stock in trade. After a short time he became 
a clerk for the firm of Russell Brothers, pro- 
duce dealers, and was promoted from time to 
time until he was manager of a branch store 
of the firm in ATeriden, Connecticut. In 1889 
he came to Holyoke to fill a similar position 
for the same firm in a branch store there. 
Since 1892 he has been in the same line of 
business on his own account, having a store 
in Holyoke and scoring a marked success. He 
is well known and popular in business circles. 
He is a l^niversalist in religion, a Republican 
in politics. He is a member of Mt. Tom 
Lodge of Free Masons and of the Benevolent 

and Protective Order of Elks, No. 902, of 

(For ancestry see preceding sketch). 

(VII) Jared, son of Ansel (i) 
BEEBE Beebe, was born in Monson, 
Massachusetts, in 1814. He was 
engaged in milling nearly all his life. His 
first undertaking was with Holmes, Reynolds 
& Company, in Somerville, Connecticut, 
where he remained until i860 and then re- 
moved to Holyoke. Here he started in busi- 
ness for himself and erected a small woolen 
mill. In 1863 he erected a large mill, four 
stories high, with eight sets of machinery, the 
main building being one hundred and ninety 
feet long and two hundred and three feet 
deep, affording space for two hundred and 
fifty employes. In connection with his son- 
in-law, Mr. Holbrook, Mr. Beebe erected the 
factory of the Holbrook Paper Company. He 
served as a director of the Agawam Bank, 
and was a large owner in the Farr Alpaca 
Company, which he was very active in remov- 
ing to Springfield, and of which he was presi- 
dent when he died. He died July 31, 1876. 
He married Mary Stacy. She was a devoted 
member of the First IJaptist Church. Chil- 
dren: I. Maria Louisa, born 1841 ; died 
1894; married Joel S. Webber. 2. Henry 
Hared, born July 3, 1843 ; mentioned below. 
3. Mary Laura, born 1846: married E. W. 
Chapin, of Holyoke. 4. Frank, I)orn 1849. 
5. Ellen, born 1852; married George B. Hol- 
brook. 6. Nettie R., born 1856; married E. 

D. Robbins. 7. Carrie, born ; married 

Rev. George £. Merrill. 

(\TII) Henry Jared, son of Jared Beebe, 
was born in Monson, July 3, 1843, and was 
educated in the public schools of that town, 
with a course at Wilbraham Academy, where 
he graduated in i860 at the age of seventeen. 
He at once began work with R. B. Johnson, a 
Holyoke clothing dealer, and the next year 
engaged with Wells & Younglove, in Chico- 
pee. He then began business in his father's 
mill, where he continued three years. In 1864 
he went to New York City as a representative 
of O. H. Sampson & Company, of Holyoke. 
Four years later he took a position as treas- 
urer of the Springfield Silver Plate Company. 
In 1870 he and his father bought the North 
Monson woolen, mill, and engaged in business 
under the firm name of Beebe & Son, until his 
father's death, when the firm became Beebe, 
\\'ebbcr & Compan\', and brought the Mon- 
son and Holvoke mills under one manasfement. 



and the business has prospered steadily from 
that time. The mills produce doeskin and cas- 
simere in large quantities. Mr. Beebe was 
elected to succeed his father as director of the 
Farr Alpaca Company, which position he held 
as long as his health would permit. He was 
also a director in the Holbrook Paper Com- 
pany, the First National Bank of Springfield, 
the Indian Orchard Company and the United 
Electric Light Company of Springfield ; and 
vice-president of the National Automatic 
Weighing Machine Company of New York. 
He is a member of the Nayasset and Winthrop 
Clubs, a charter member of the former. In 
1880 and 1881 he was a member of the alder- 
manic financial committee, and was a delegate 
to the Rej^ublican convention. He attends the 
First Congregational Church. He married 
(first) in 1870. Othalie \'aughan. died 1878, 
daughter of George \'aughan, of Springfield ; 
(second) Kate Elizabeth Glover Olmstead, 
daughter of John Olmstead (see Olmstead 
family). Children, all by first wife: Henry 
Jared, Albert Augustus and Arthur Vaughan, 

Olmstead is an ancient and 
OLMSTEAD honorable English surname, 

derived from the name of 
a place, as indicated by the etymology of the 
word. All of the early New England families 
of the name are descended from the immi- 
grant ancestor of this sketch. The name was 
spelled variously, Olmsted, Omsted, Home- 
stead, Holmsted, Homsted, etc. 

(I) James Olmsted, born in England, came 
to Boston in the ship "Lion", embarking 
June 22. 1632, and landing September 16, 

1632. He settled at Cambridge, where he 
was admitted a f reman, November 6, 1632 ; 
was one of the proprietors of the town in 

1633. and constable in 1634. His residence 
was near the site of the famous old Wads- 
worth house, on Harvard street. In 1636 he 
went with the colony from Massachusetts Bay 
and was one of the original settlers and pro- 
prietors of Hartford, Connecticut, where he 
died ; he bequeathed fifty pounds to the Hart- 
ford Church. Children: i. Nicholas, men- 
tioned below. 2. Nehemiah, was of Hart- 
ford in 1649. Perhaps other children who 
did not come to this country. 

(II) Captain Nicholas, son of James Olm- 
stead, was born in England, about 161 5. He 
doubtless came with his father or soon after- 
ward, for he was a proprietor of a house lot 
and other land in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 

as early as 1635. He sold his property, Feb- 
ruar}' 20, 1636, and removed with his father 
to Hartford. He was an officer in the Pequot 
war. He was a representative from Hart- 
ford in the general assembly. In 1640 he 
married (first) Sarah Loomis ; (second) 
Mary Lord, a widow. Children, born at 
Hartford: i. Sarah, about 1641 ; married, 
1662, Captain George Gates. 2. Mary, No- 
vember 20, 1646. 3. Rebecca, March 12, 
1647-48; died 1712. 4. John, baptized Feb- 
ruary 3, 1649-50; died young. 5. Samuel, 
born 1653; died January 13, 1726, as East 
Haddam. 6. Deacon Joseph, born in 1654; 
mentioned below. 7. Thomas, married, June 
25, 1691, Hannah Mix. 8. Mabel, married 
Daniel Butler and Michael Taintor. 

(III) Deacon Joseph, son of Nicholas 
Olmsted, was born in Hartford, in 1654, and 
died there October 5, 1726. He resided in 
East Hartford and was prominent in town 
and church. He married Elizabeth Butler. 
Children, born at East Hartford: i. Deacon 
Joseph, 1674; mentioned below. 2. James, 
1677; died April 14, 1744. 3. Nicholas, 1679; 
died November 29, 1717. 4. Richard, 1681 ; 
died January 9, 1760. 5. Elizabeth, married, 
January 28, 1707-07, Joseph Skinner. 6. Ne- 
iiemiah, baptized August 26, 1688; died No- 
vember 13, 1690. 7. Hannah, baptized No- 
vember 2, 1690. 8. Rebecca, baptized August 
20, 1693; died January 14, 1778. 

(IV) Deacon Joseph (2), son of Deacon 
Joseph ( I ) Olmstead, was born in 1674, and 
died at East Hartford, February 25, 1762. 
He was deacon of the church, as his father 
had been before him, and was also prominent 
and influential in public affairs. He married 
Hannah Marsh, who died August 22, 1760. 
Children, born at East Hartford: i. Joseph, 
May 25, 1705 ; mentioned below. 2. Jonathan, 
November 14. 1706; died December 9, 1770. 
3. William, September 4. 1708. 4. Hannah, 
.\ugust 6, 1710: died August 29, 1770. 5. 
Mabel, July 29, 1712; died June 17, 1774. 6. 
Asahel, November 19. 1714: died September 
15, 1750. 7. Sarah, November 10, 1716; died 
September 3, 1810. 8. Anna, November 30, 
1718: died in 1808. 9. Naomi, March i, 1721 ; 
died November 7. 1775. 10, Elihu, May 7, 
1723; died June 3. 1723. 11. Ashbel, Febru- 
ary II, 1725-6; died May 17, 1791. 

(V) (Taptain Joseph (3), son of Deacon 
Joseph (2) Olmstead, was born in East Hart- 
ford, May 25, 1705. He settled in Enfield, 
Connecticut, and was prominent in military 
and public affairs. His epitaph at Enfield 



reads : "Who having served his generation 
according to the will of God in several im- 
portant offices civil and military, died in ye 
faith of ye Gospel, September 30, 1775, at 

"Forbear to weep my loving friends 
Deatli is the voice Jeliovali sends 
To call us to our home 
Thro these dark shades from pain 
Is the right path to endless rest." 


He married, at Enfield, November i, 1732, 
Martha White, his "amiable relict", according 
to town records. She died September 8, 1791, 
aged eighty-five years. Children, born at En- 
field : I. Joseph, August 22, 1733; died No- 
vember 16, 181 5. 2. Hannah, baptized May 
25, 1735; married Benjamin Terry Jr.; she 
died February 18, 1766, aged thirty-one. 3. 
Martha, ]\Iarch :, 1737; married Ephraim 
Terry. 4. John, baptized March 11, 1739; 
died May 15, 1761 (gravestone). 5. David, 
born 1741, baptized March 8, 1741. 6. Elijah, 
May I, 1743; married Sarah Terry. 7. Asa, 
December 2"], 1745. 8. Simeon, mentioned 

(VI) Simeon, son of Captain Joseph (3) 
Olmstead. was born in Enfield. September 21, 
1748, and died December 22, 1803, aged fifty- 
five years, at Enfield (gravestone). He mar- 
ried Roxalena (or Roxy) Abbey, who died 
February 20, 1847, aged ninety-five years. Her 
epitaph on her tombstone at Enfield : "Blessed 
are the dead which died in the Lord from 
henceforth. Yea, saith the spirit that they 
may rest from their labours and their works 
do follow them." 

"The aged know that thej' must die 
Nor do they know how soon 'twill come 
When they shall wing their way on high 
And leave this for their heavenly home." 

Children, born at Enfield: i. Roxa, Febru- 
ary 14, 1772, died June 22, 1809. 2. Simeon, 
born April 10, 1774. 3. Joseph, May 14, 1776; 
married Dorothy Terry. 4. Sarah, March i, 
1781 : died November 10, 1783. 5. Silvanus, 
born July 16, 1783. 6. George, December 27, 
1785 ; mentioned below. 7. Ebenezer, June 
28, 1788; died September 20, 1802. 8. Sally, 
born April 5, 1791. 9. Timothy, July 2, 1793. 

(VH) George, son of Simeon Olmstead, 
was born in Enfield, December 27. 1785. He 
married, March 2, i8og, at Enfield, Sylvia 
Russell. Children: i. George, born October 
5, 181 1. 2, Albert, March 13, 1814. 3. John, 
mentioned below. 4. Dolly, married Daniel 
Welch, of Somers, Connecticut. 

(Vni) John, son of George Olmstead, was 
born in Enfield, June i, 1820, and died at 

Springfield, April 8, 1905. He was educated 
in the public schools of his native town. He 
removed to Springfield, Massachusetts, and 
became one of the most successful business 
men and most prominent citizens of that place. 
He married Rodelia Langdon, daughter of 
Calvin and Sybil (Pease) Langdon, of Som- 
ers, Connecticut. Children: i. Kate Eliza- 
beth, born at Hazardsville, Connecticut ; mar- 
ried (first) Edward Weston Glover, of New 
York, and had one daughter, Ann P. Glover, 
who married W. J. Price of Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania. Kate E. married (second) 
May, 1880, Henry J. Beebe of Springfield (see 
Beebe). 2. Amelia Elizabeth, died aged six 
years. 3. Mary R., married F. H. Goldthwait, 
of Springfield, Massachusetts ; children : John 
O., Stuart E. and Katherine. 

(For ancestry see John Porter 1). 

(VI) Major Jonathan (2), 
PORTER son of Jonathan (i) Porter, 
was born January 2, 1789, died 
April 19, 1864. He resided at Hatfield, Mas- 
sachusetts. He married, December 17, 1817, 
Electa Allis, daughter of William and Sophia 
(Smith) Allis, of Heath, Massachusetts, 
granddaughter of Elisha Allis, great-grand- 
daughter of Ichabod and Mary (Belden) Al- 
lis. Ichabod was the son of John and grand- 
son of William Allis. Children, born at Hat- 
field : I. Moses Chapin, December 30, 1819, 
mentioned below. 2. Henry S., December 24, 
1 82 1, married Matilda Granger. 3. Sophia 
A., April 18, 1824, married Quartus Sykes. 4. 
Jonathan D., July 3, 1826, married Phila D. 
Morton. 5. James. 

(VII) Moses Chapin, son of Jonathan (2) 
Porter, was born at Hatfield, December 30, 
1819. He married, December 17, 1846, Emily 
Porter, daughter of Moses and Amy (Colt) 
Porter, granddaughter of Eleazer and Susan- 
nah ( Edwards ) Porter. Susannah Edwards 
was daughter of Jonathan and Sarah (Pier- 
pont ) Edwards, granddaughter of Rev. Timo- 
thy and Esther (Stoddard) Edwards, great- 
granddaughter of Richard and Elizabeth 
(Tuttle) Edwards. Richard was the son 
of William and Agnes (Spencer) Edwards, 
and grandson of Rev. Richard Edwards. Por- 
ter's wife was also descended from William 
Pitkin (i) and his wife Elizabeth (Stanley) ; 
Thomas Olcott (i), Nathaniel Foote (i), 
John Pierpont (i). Rev. John Davenport (i), 
John Haynes (i), Roger Harlakenden (i), 
John Colt (i), Walter Harris (i), Richard 
Ely ( I ) Aaron Cook, a very distinguished an- 




cestry. His first wife died January 19, 1856, 
and he married (second) April 14, 1857, 
Louise Bridgman. He lived at Hatfield. He 
had a common school education and followed 
farming for a calling. He was a prominent 
member of the Hatfield Congregational 
Church and largely through his efiforts a ves- 
try was built and a pipe organ installed. He 
was a Republican in politics. Children, born 
at Hatfield, by the first wife: i. Augusta A., 
born December 13, 1847, rnarried Myron C. 
Graves. 2. Jonathan E., November, 22, 1849, 
mentioned below. 3. Moses, September 8, 
1854, died aged ten years. 

(Vni) Jonathan E., son of Moses Chapin 
Porter, was born at Hatfield, November 22, 
1849. He was educated in the public schools 
of his native town and at Bernardston Acad- 
emy. At the age of twenty-two years he en- 
gaged in the manufacture of firearms and his 
firm was successful in the venture. Subse- 
quently the firm reorganized and Mayor 
Charles S. Shattuck became his partner. Af- 
ter their factory had been destroyed by fire 
he sold his interest in the business to his 
partner and bought a new factory site on the 
opposite side of the river, and with six jour- 
neymen he began to manufacture machine 
tools and engine lathes under the firm name of 
the Porter ^Machine Company. From time to 
time his business facilities were increased and 
in 1888 he enlarged his factory, in which fifty 
men are now regularly employed. In 1898 his 
son-in-law, Hugh ]\IcLeod. became a member 
of the firm. Mr. Porter continues at the head 
of his extensive business and is one of the 
most energetic, enterprising and industrious 
manufacturers of the town of Hatfield. He 
is interested in public aiifairs and especially in 
the welfare and improvement of his native 
town. In politics he is a Republican. He at- 
tends the Congregational church. He mar- 
ried, December 13. 1871. Mary D. Smith, born 
in Deerfield, daughter of Silas and Eliza (Wil- 
liams) Smith, of Deerfield. Children, born at 
Hatfield: i. Mary E., died young. 2. Helen 
Louise, June 27, 1877, married, December 28, 
1899, Hugh McLeocI. son of Kenneth and ^ane 
(McCullough) McLeod, and a descendant of 
a long lineage of shipbuilders in Scotland ; 
his parents settled in Halifax, Nova Scotia, 
and he was born at Wine Harbor, May i, 
1867 : came to Worcester, Massachusetts, at 
the age of fifteen and entered the Mechanical 
Institute, now the Worcester Polytechnic In- 
stitute ; in 1890 entered the employ of Mr. 
Porter and became a partner in 1898; chil- 

dren: Doris P., Helen M. and Mildred Mc- 

The Rice name and family are of 
RICE Welsh origin, and in Wales was 

written Ap Rice. It has produced 
many college graduates and men in profes- 
sional pursuits. Hon W. W. Rice, member 
of congress, and Governor Alexander H. Rice, 
may be mentioned as holding positions of 

(I) The ancestor of all the name in New 
England was Edmund, who came from Bark- 
hampstead, county of Hertfordshire, England, 
and settled in Sudbury, Massachusetts, in 
1638. His residence was on the east side of 
Sudbury river, in what is now Wayland. He 
was selectman in 1644, deacon of the church 
in 1648, and in 1657 was one of thirteen pe- 
titioners who besought the general court for 
a new plantation. He was trusted with vari- 
ous important duties by the general court, 
which he discharged with conspicuous fidelity, 
and which occasioned repeated calls for his 
services. He died May 3, 1663, at Marlboro, 
Massachusetts, a sexagenarian, and was bur- 
ied at Sudbury. His estate inventoried 743 
lbs. eight s. four p. His first wife, Tamazine 

, died at Sudbury, June 13, 1654. His 

second wife was Mercy, widow of Thomas 
Brigham, of Cambridge, whom he married 
March i, 1665. She afterward married Wil- 
liam Hunt, of Marlboro, and she died Decem- 
ber 27. 1661. Children of Edmund and Tama- 
zine: Henry, Edward, Thomas, Matthew, 
Samuel, Joseph, Lydia, Edmund, Benjamin, 
Ruth and Ann. 

(II) Deacon Edmund, second son of Ed- 
mund ( I ) and Tamazine Rice, was born prob- 
ably in England, about 1619, and died an 
nonagenarian in Marlboro. He resided in 
Sudbury, removed to Marlboro in 1664, and 
was deacon of the church there. His house 
in Marlboro stood on the old county road lead- 
ing from Marlboro to Northboro, and in the 
bend as it passes around the northerly side of 
the pond, a short distance north of the ancient 
Williams Tavern. In 1686 he deeded to his 
son Edmund, a piece of land in Sudbury. He 
married Agnes Bent ; children : John, Lydia 
Mied on her natal day), Daniel, Caleb, Jacob, 
Annie, Dorcas, Benjamin and Abigail. 

(III) Daniel, fourth child of Deacon Ed- 
mund and Agnes (Bent) Rice, was born in 
Sudbury, December 9, 1653, and died at Marl- 
boro, where he resided, an octogenarian. His 
will was probated December 19, 1737. He 



married Berthia, daughter of William Ward. 
She died in 1G58, and he married (second) 
Elizabeth, widow of John Wheeler, of Marl- 
boro, jMay 9, 1825, whose maiden name was 
Wells. Children: Berthia, Daniel, Judith, 
Luke, Priscilla, Elesia, Deborah, and Hope- 

(IV') Luke, second son of Daniel and 
Berthia (Ward) Rice, was born November 
30, 1689, in Marlboro, and died there Inde- 
pendence Day, 1754. In 1740 he removed to 
Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, and occupied the 
farm improved by his brother Daniel. He was 
assessor six years, selectman six years, and 
five years town treasurer. His will was pro- 
bated in July, 1754. He married Rachel 
Stowe, of Marlboro, December 14, 1715. Chil- 
dren : Azubah, Hezekiah, Dinah, Rachel, Abi- 
gail, Lydia, Priscilla and Sarah. 

(V) Hezekiah, eldest son of Luke and 
Rachel (Stowe) Rice, was born in Shrews- 
bury, February 18, 1718, and died there in his 
forty-second year. His estate inventoried 1306 
lbs. 18 s. four p. He married Mary, daughter 
of William and Elizabeth (Hapgood) Tay- 
lor of Shrewsbury, January, 1739. She sur- 
vived her husband thirty-seven years. Chil- 
dren : Lemuel, Asa, Luke, Jonah, Lydia and 

(\T) Luke, third son of Hezekiah and 
Mary (Taylor) Rice, was born October 23, 
1744, at Shrewsbury, and died at Worcester, 
Massachusetts, having attained his sixty-sec- 
ond year. He and his brother Lemuel had a 
joint funeral and occupied one grave. They 
died within fifteen minutes of each other. He 
lived first at Worcester, then at Petersham, 
Massachusetts, returning to Worcester again 
later to live. He married Prudence Gates, of 
Worcester, by whom he had twelve children, 
all dying in infancy but William, Prudence 
and Luke. 

(VH) William, first son of Luke and Pru- 
dence (Gates) Rice, was born in Petersham, 
in 1773, and died in Hartford, Connecticut, a 
septugenarian. He resided at Worcester, 
Lancaster, Massachusetts, and Hartford, Con- 
necticut. He was a sign-painter, and a sign he 
painted until recently hung from the old tav- 
ern at West Springfield, also the one at the 
Elm Tree Inn, Farmington, Connecticut. He 
married Martha, daughter of Abel and Josiah 
(Jolmson) Goulding, of Shrewsbury. Chil- 
dren : Charles Goulding. William R., George, 
Henry, Mary, Martha, Hezekiah. Frederick, 
Maria and James. 

(\TII) Charles Goulding. eldest son of Wil- 

liam and Martha (Gouldiifg) Rice, was prob- 
aly born in Worcester. He resided and died 
in Springfield. He married Maria, daughter 
of William Blake, 

(IX) Charles Blake, son of Charles Gould- 
ing and Maria (Blake) Rice, was born in 
Springfield, and married Mary J., daughter of 
Walter Coombs. 

(X) Cora Lee, daughter of Charles Blake 
and Mary (Coombs) Rice, was born June 12, 
1859, and married Edward Carroll Washburn, 
December 25, 1877. Their children: i. Wal- 
ter Rice, born in Springfield, March 12, 1879; 
educated in Springfield high school, and grad- 
uated in A. B. at Amherst College, 1903. 2. 
Howard Cheney, March 20, 1881 : educated at 
Gunnery School in Washington, Connecticut, 
and is now travelling. 

(The Coombs Line). 

Richard Coombs, first of the family known 
to have been in this country, was living in En- 
field, Connecticut, before 1735. The Coombs 
family of Marblehead was, according to 
tradition, French Huguenots, and it is 
thought there may have been some connection 
between the Marblehead and Enfield families. 

He married Hejjsizah . His land, or 

part of it, lay near the Somers line in Enfield. 
His appears from time to time on the town 
records. He appears also to have lived in the 
adjoining town of Springfield, Massachusetts. 
Children: i. Samuel, mentioned below. 2. 
John, soldier in the French and Indian war, 
1758; settled in Enfield. 3. Ebenezer, born 
May 13, 1736, at Enfield. 

(II) Samuel, son of Richard Coombs, was 
born at Springfield, January 26, 1730 ; died 
April 25, 1796. The surname was often spell- 
ed Coomes. The family settled in what is now 
Longmeadow, where they have been numer- 
ous down to the present day. He married May 
18, 1761. Miriam Hale, who died .\pril 25, 
1796, daughter of Noah and Miriam Hale. 
Children: i. Samuel, born August 30. 1761. 

2. Silence, January 22, 1765, died in infancy. 

3. Walter, mentioned below. 4. Silence, born 
April 27, 1768. 5. Noah, August 3, 1770. 6. 
Achsah, March 10, 1773. 7. Moses Newell, 
July 16, 1775. 8. Miriam, November 6, 1782. 

(III) W'alter, son of Samuel Coombs, was 
born at Longmeadow. April 23. 1766: died 
December 25, 1842. He married, January 6, 
1790. Flavia Colton, daughter of Festus and 
Eunice. Children: i. Sally, born October 6, 
1790: died young. 2. Miriam, born February 
'• 1793- 3- Sally, born February 18, 1796. 4. 



Walter, mentioned below. The mother of 
these children died August i6, 1799, and he 
married (second) Abigail Skinner, of East 
Windsor. Connecticut. December 4, 1799. 
Children: 5. Chauncey Bliss, born January i, 
1801. 6. Flavia Colt'on, April 25, 1803. 7. 
Samuel Skinner. January 12, 1805. 8. Achsa, 
August 16, 1807. 9. Lucinda, May 12. 1809. 
10. Aurelia B., December 2, 18 15. 

(IV) Walter (2), son of Walter (i) 
Coombs, or Coomes, was born at Longmead- 
o\v. January 2, 1798: died June 5, 1843: mar- 
ried" Emily Ashley. He lived and died in 
Longmeadow. Children: i. Emily Naomi. 
born September 24. 1827 : still living. 2. Mary 
J., married Charles Blake Rice (see Rice). 3. 
Ellen, married \\'illiam D. Chandler : she died 
in Portland, Oregon. 4. Gilbert H., died July, 
1907, at Hartford. Connecticut. 5. Edward 
Pavson, died in Bridgeport. Connecticut. 

(For preceding generations see John Lowthroppe 1). 

(VI) John (3) Lathrop. son 
LATHROP of Samuel and Elizabeth 

(Scudder) Lathrop, was born 
in Boston and baptized there December 7, 
1645, died Wallingford, Connecticut, August 
25, 1685 ; married probably in Norwich, De- 
cember 15, 1669, Ruth, daughter of Robert 
Royce, of New London. They have seven 

(VII) John (4), son and fourth child of 
John (3) and Ruth (Royce) Lathrop, was 
born in Wallingford, May 19, 1680, died af- 
ter August 4, 1753. He married twice; (sec- 
ond) February 14, 1721, in Norwich, Lydia 
Palmeter. and by her had four children. 

(VIII) John (5), youngest son and child 
of John (4) and Lydia (Palmeter) Lathrop, 
was born in Norwich, Connecticut, February 
17, 1728-29; married, July 15. 1752, Sarah, 
daughter of Simon Peck, of LTxbridge, Mas- 
sachusetts. She was born October 24, 1735, 
and bore her husband ten children. 

(IX) Daniel, son and sixth child of John 
(5) and Sarah (Peck) Lathrop, was born in 
Bethel, ^^ermont, March 3, 1768, died in Do- 
ver, Maine, March 3, 1841. He married, in 
Bethel, Lucy Smith, born February 2, 1773, 
probably in Windsor, Vermont, died in Wa- 
tertown, Connecticut. November 14, 1859, 
having borne her husband nine children: r. 
Erastus, born September 2, 1793. 2. James 
Smith. Granby, Alassachusetts, ^lay 20, 1796. 
3. Lucy. August 24, 1798. 4. Pamelia, Au- 
gust 25, 1800. 5. Daniel Jr., Bethel, Vermont. 
August 16, 1802. 6. Sabra, May 24, 1806. 7. 

Albert, twin, Windsor, \'ermnnt, Alarch 18, 
1 8 10. 8. Alfred, twin, March 18. 1810. 9. 
John, Granby, July 24, 1814. 

(X) Erastus, eldest son and child of Daniel 
and Lucy (Smith) Lathrop, was born in Gran- 
by, Massachusetts. September 2, 1793, died in 
\Voodbury. Connecticut, November 26, 1884. 
He was a substantial farmer and lived many 
years in Granby on his own farm, on which 
eight of his ten children were born. He was 
a member of the Masonic order, and also a 
consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. He married in Sufifield, Massachu- 
setts. June 18. 1 81 7, Rebeckah \\'ard, born 
Wilbraham. Massachusetts. March 22, 1793, 
died Woodbury. November i, 1884. Her fath- 
er, Nehemiah Ward, was born in Weymouth, 
Massachusetts, June 20, 1761, died Granby, 
November 24, 1831 : married Hannah Pack- 
ard. His father. Lemuel Ward, was born 
in Hingham, Massachusetts, September 7, 
1729; married, August 29, 1754, ^Fary Bates. 
His father, presumably Nehemiah Ward, was 
born in Hingham, November 26. 1708; mar- 
ried (published) June 2, 1728. Deborah Bry- 
ant. His father, Edward Ward, was baptized 
in Hingham, July 24, 1672; married, 1702-03, 
Deborah Lane, born November 21. 1679, 
daughter of Josiah and Deborah (Gill) Lane. 
His father. Henry Ward, was born probably 
in England about 1635, died in Hingham, 
Massachu.setts, April 4, 1715: married, Feb- 
ruary 3, 1659-60, Remember Farrow, bap- 
tized August. 1642. died September 11, 1715, 
daughter of John and Francis Farrow. His 
father. Samuel Ward, married in England, 
was made freeman in Hingham. Massachu- 
setts, March 9. 1636-37. His wife died No- 
vember 28. 1638. Both came from England. 
Erastus and Rebecka (Ward) Lathrop had 
ten children: i. Charles, born Granby, Sep- 
tember 18, 1818; married, August 29, 1844. 
Susan Hutchinson, born Ware, Massachusetts. 
September 16, 1822, daughter of Samuel and 
Lovey (Snow) Hutchinson. Charles Lathrop 
died in Dresden. Iowa. September 22. 1888. 2. 
Nancy, Granby, March 11. 1820; married, 
Apri 1 3, 1859, John Ashley Atwood. born 
April 14. 1810. died April 2, 1898. 3. Eras- 
tus Jr.. Granby, January 3, 1822, died West 
Springfield, Massachusetts, October 16, 1899; 
married, November 20. 1845, Samantha Clark, 
born December 14, 1823. died February 3, 
1899. 4. Oliver Ward. 1823. 5. Clarissa 
Adeline, Granby. September 29, 1825, died Ni- 
antic, Connecticut, .\ugust 17. 1899: married, 
October 8. 1846, John Davis Eager, born 



Northboro, Massachusetts, May i, 1826. 6. 
William, Granby, May 4, 1827; married (first) 
May 15, 1849, Lucy Jane Ward, born Dover, 
Maine, ]\Iay 12, 1833, died Palmer, Massachu- 
setts, June 26, 1853, daughter of Sumner and 
Sabra (Lothrop) Ward; married (second) 
January 2, 1854, Rozella Ward, born Dover, 
Maine, March 9, 1835, daughter of Sumner 
and Sabra (Lothrop) Ward. 7. Sarah, Gran- 
by, October 27, 1829; married, September 11, 
1849, George Hosmer, born February 8, 1826. 
8. Lucinda Ann, Granby, September 5, 1831, 
died Belchertown, Massachusetts, July 15, 
1833. 9. Francis, Belchertown, October 26, 
1833 ; married, July 16, 1865, Mary Rosabelle 
Lathrop, born December 8, 1841, daughter of 
Rev. Alfred and Deborah Ann (Robinson) 
Lathrop. 10. Daniel, Granby, January 26, 
1836, died November 17, 1877; married. May 
10, 1856, IMartha Sophia Morrison, born Feb- 
ruary 17, 1829. 

(XI) Oliver Ward, son of Erastus and Re- 
beckah (Ward) Lathrop, was born in Gran- 
by, Massachusetts, October 17, 1823, died in 
Springfield, ^Massachusetts, ]\Iarch 3, 1879. 
He was a machinist by trade, and in connec- 
tion with his business life lived at various 
times in Springfield, Chicopee, and Holyoke, 
to each of which cities he was called by the 
demands of his machine manufacturing inter- 
ests. He was a man of good business quali- 
ties, straightforward in his dealings and en- 
joyed the confidence and respect of all men 
with whom he was brought into association. 
He was a member of Hampden Lodge, F. and 
A. M., a Republican in politics, and in relig- 
ious preference a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. Mr. Lathrop married in 
West Springfield. January I, 1846, Esther 
Huldah, born Suffield, Connecticut. February 
5, 1828, daughter of Jabez and Eliza (Rem- 
ington) Hendrick, by whom he had two chil- 
dren : I. Wells, born February 2, 1847. 2. 
Eliza Deett, born Chicopee Falls, August 4, 

(XH) Wells, son and elder of the two chil- 
dren of Oliver Ward and Esther Huldah 
(Hendrick) Lathrop, was born in West 
Springfield, Massachusetts, February 2, 1847. 
He acquired his education in the public 
schools of the city of Springfield, and at the 
age of eighteen years began his business ca- 
reer in the United States arsenal at Spring- 
field. In the course of a few years he be- 
came a practical man in the manufacture of 
firearms and afterward was classed as an ex- 
pert : and it was in the latter capacity that he 

went to Providence, Rhode Island, as an in- 
spector for the Turkish government, for 
whom the Providence Tool Company was un- 
der contract to make a large order of fire- 
arms. Later on he became inspector for the 
Smith & Wesson Company of Springfield, 
makers of the finest grades of small arms in 
this country, .\fter leaving the employ of the 
Smith & Wesson Company Mr. Lathrop was 
employed by ex-Mayor Dickinson and re- 
mained with him until 1892, when he became 
proprietor of an undertaking establishment in 
Holyoke. April 15, 1909, he retired from 
business and purchased a residence on Sum- 
ner Terrace, Springfield, where he is now liv- 
ing. He holds membership in the several 
subordinate Masonic bodies, the lodge, chap- 
ter, council and commandery, also the An- 
cient Arabic Order of Nobles of the 'Mystic 
Shrine. He is an Odd Fellow, a Pythian 
Knight, a Republican in politics, and in relig- 
ious preference a Congregationalist. Mr. La- 
throp married (first) February 22, 1875, Nel- 
lie Nancy, born January 2, 1851, died child- 
less May 7, 1876, daughter of George and 
Jane (Munroe) Field. He married (second) 
November 18, 1880, Mary Josephine, born 
Springfield, August 10, 1856, daughter of Al- 
bert Palmer and Parnel (Cleveland) Casey. 
Of this marriage two children have been 
born: i. Nellie De'Ette, born Springfield, 
June 19, 1882; married, September 14, 1904, 
Winfield E. Holmes, of Springfield. 2. Mil- 
lie Christine, Springfield, December 12, 1883, 
died July I, 1891. 

Solomon Adams Woods, a dis- 
WOODS tinguished inventor and manu- 
facturer of wood-working ma- 
chinery, was born in Farmington, Maine, Oc- 
tober 7, 1827. He was a son of Colonel Na- 
thaniel and Hannah (Adams) Woods, and a 
descendant on the paternal side of Samuel 
Woods, one of the first settlers in the region 
which includes the present towns of Shirley, 
Groton and Pepperell, Massachusetts, and was 
the ancestor of a numerous line of descendants 
who in later generations became scattered 
throughout the New England states, notably 
Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Maine. 
Samuel Woods was living in Shirley as early 
as 1662, and was one of the proprietors of that 
town, having a grant of eleven acres of land. 
By his wife Alice, whose family name does not 
appear, he had six children: i. Thomas, born 
Alarch 9, 1663 ; Elizabeth, September 17, 1665 ; 
Nathaniel. March 27, 1667-68: ]\Iary, August 



2. 1670: Abigail, August 19, 1672; Hannah, 
July 18, 1674. He was a descendant on the 
maternal side of Captain Samuel Adams, who 
was a magistrate and representative of 
Chelmsford, Massachusetts, in its first half 
century, built the first mills at what is now the 
great milling centre, Lowell, Massachusetts, 
and elder brother of Joseph Adams, the an- 
cestor of the presidential line. His maternal 
grandfather was Major Solomon Adams, a 
revolutionary soldier, pioneer surveyor of the 
Sandy River Valley, and afterwards one of 
the earliest of cotton manufacturers in this 

Solomon A. Woods attended the district 
school, part of the time taught by his father, 
and later pursued a course in Farmington 
Academy. But his talents were not scholastic ; 
on the other hand, he had a great natural love 
for machinery and tools and devoted many 
spare moments to their use in a neighboring 
carriage shop. In the spring of 1847, before 
he was twenty years of age, he engaged with 
a local carpenter, who was impressed with his 
ability, to learn the house building trade. ]\Ias- 
tering this business, in 1851 he went to Boston 
with a view of purchasing a steam engine and 
boiler, together with machinery for the manu- 
facture of sash, doors and blinds, and erecting 
a mill in his native town, as he contemplated 
forming a copartnership with his former em- 
ployer. That prolonged trip, however, gave 
him the idea of securing a wider and more 
varied experience in the city, and resulted in 
his abandoning the factory enterprise and en- 
gaging as a journeyman with Solomon S. 
Gray, who was engaged in the same business 
in Boston, and this relationship continued 
from April to December, Mr. Woods then 
purchasing the business for the sum of three 
hundred and fifty dollars, his own earnings, 
and with a few crude machines started in busi- 
ness for himself. At about this time Mr. Gray 
conceived the idea of a machine for planing 
wood that would not infringe on the then all- 
powerful Woodworth patents, but because of 
the lack of capital he was only partially suc- 
cessful. Mr. Woods, having purchased this 
mechanical device together with his business, 
by his ingenuity and skill made the machine 
practicable. The machine afterward became 
world famous under the name of the Gray & 
Woods Planer. It was considered a decided 
improvement on the Daniels Planer, with 
which every old time woodworker is familiar, 
and was particularly acceptable at that time 
on account of overcoming the Woodworth 

patents. This machine was exhibited by Mr. 
Woods in 1855 at the Smithsonian Institution 
fair in Washington, where it was awarded a 
gold medal, the first of many received by Air. 
Woods. In 1854 the firm of Gray & Woods 
was formed for the manufacture of this planer 
and this copartnership lasted for five years, 
when Mr. \Voods again assumed the interests 
of ]Mr. Gray and conducted business on his 
own account. In 1865 he added to his business 
the manufacture of the Woodworth planer 
with, the James A. Woodbury patent improve- 
ments, of which he was the sole licensee. To 
meet the demands of his growing business, 
which had by this time become extensive, he 
erected works in South Boston and established 
branch houses in New York and Chicago, still, 
with additions, in existence. In 1873 th^ busi- 
ness was incorporated under the style of the 
S. A. Woods ]\Iachine Company, with a paid 
up capital of $300,000. Of this company Mr. 
\Voods became president. To the successive 
concerns of Gray & Woods, S. A. Woods and 
the S. A. Woods Machine Company have been 
issued more than eighty patents for machines, 
devices and improvements for the manufac- 
ture of dressed lumber and moldings. It was 
this business of which Air. \\'oods at the time 
of his death was the head, though the more ac- 
tive management of the business had for years 
been delegated to his son, Frank F. Woods. 

It was the inventors and perfectors of 
woodworking machinery who made possible 
the thousands — yes, millions — of comfortable 
homes and the business edifices that are tang- 
ible evidences of our country's prosperity and 
wealth. Without them men would still have 
had places in which to live and to conduct 
business, but progress would have been slow- 
er and at much higher cost. Perhaps the 
most notable service which Mr. Woods ren- 
dered to the business world, and which en- 
deared him to the entire woodworking fra- 
ternity, was in connection with the success- 
ful defense of the famous patent suit brought 
by the Woodbury Patent Planing Machine 
Company against Allen W. Keith for the al- 
leged infringement of the well known hinged 
pressure bar or chip breaker. This defense 
Mr. Woods organized and conducted at a 
heavv expense in time, energy and money. It 
is, perhaps, not generally known to the pres- 
ent generation of planing machine users that 
the right to employ this familiar device, with- 
out the payment of exorbitant royalties, was 
the subject of one of the greatest patent suits 
in this country, and forms one of the most in- 



teresting chapters in its patent history. To 
the men who spent their time and money to 
free the planing machine owners from what 
threatened to be an oppressive monopoly 
every credit is due, and it is of interest to re- 
view the events leading up to this critical 
period in the history of the planing machine. 
It seems that in 1848 Joseph P. Woodbury 
applied for a patent for a yielding pressure 
bar for planing machines, to act on the stock- 
preceding the cutter head. As yielding pres- 
sure rolls and flat springs supported by bars 
had previously been used for the same pur- 
pose it was rejected by the patent office and 
in 1852 he withdrew his application, relin- 
quished his claim to the model and received 
back a part of his fee, as provided by law. 
The alleged invention was then abandoned to 
the public and for over eighteen years no 
claim was made to it. During this time a 
bar similar to that claimed by \\^oodbury was 
adopted and used by nearly all planing ma- 
chine manufacturers and Inmdreds of ma- 
chines were sold embodying this device. In 

1869 an act of congress permitted the taking 
up of certain rejected applications, and in 

1870 Woodbury again applied for a patent up- 
on this device and on April 29, 1873, it was 
granted. Thereupon he organized the Wood- 
burv Patent Planing Machine Company, 
which immediately put forth its claims to roy- 
alties on all machines embodying a yielding 
pressure bar and threatened suit and claims 
for damages to all who failed to comply. This 
was practically exacting a tribute from every 
planing machine owner and operator in the 
country. Mr. Woods was approached by 
Mr. Woodbury and a tempting offer was 
made to him to enlist his co-operation in favor 
of the new patent. He, however, rejected all 
advances of this nature, considering them dis- 
honorable and against the interests of the 
users of his machines. To defeat these claims 
several manufacturers of planing machines 
gathered in Mew York and, at a meeting over 
which Mr. Woods presided as chairman, pro- 
ceeded to organize what was termed the 
Planing & Molding Machine Manufacturers' 
Association. By an active campaign through 
the mails and the press, notifying the planing 
machine users not to yield to any demands 
for shop licenses or royalties, the association 
partially blocked the efforts of the Woodbury 
company, although many millmen did take 
out licenses, in order to avoid possible trou- 
ble. In 1875, however, the Woodbury com- 
panv, seeing that its demand could not be en- 

forced without the backing of a court deci- 
sion, began suit against Allen W. Keith, a 
mill operator in Maiden, Massachusetts, for 
alleged infringements and damages. The 
defense of this suit was immediately taken up 
bv the Planing & Molding Machine Manufac- 
turers' Association and the case was bitterly 
contested by both sides. The deposition and 
testimony of over eighty witnesses were tak- 
en and extensive experiments were made by 
Mr. Woods in his factory, establishing the 
fact that a pressure bar patented by one Bur- 
nett in England in 1839 accomplished all the 
results claimed by Woodbury and was its me- 
chanical equivalent. Mr. Woods was also in- 
strumental in showing up a sash sticker built 
in Norwich, Connecticut, by one Alfred An- 
son, in 1844, embodying all the features of the 
Woodbury bar. The builder had attempted 
to obtain patents, but had been unsuccessful 
long before Woodbury's original application. 
The machine was found still running with the 
original pressure bar in it in a Connecticut 
mill, and was purchased and taken bodily 
into the court room as one of the exhibits in 
the case. In view of all this overwhelming 
testimony the claims of Woodbury were over- 
thrown and the yielding pressurer bar once 
more became free to the public. Mill oper- 
ators were saved the payment of many thou- 
sands of dolla'rs in royalties yearly, which 
would have continued through the life of the 
patent, or until 1890. The entire expense of 
the litigation on both sides aggregated near- 
ly $100,000. 

Mr. Woods never sought public recognition, 
but from 1869 to 1871 was a member of the 
city council of Boston; for 1870-71 he was a 
director for city of the East Boston ferries, 
and from 1870 until his death was a trustee of 
the South Boston Savings Bank and for many 
years was chairman of its board of inves- 
tors. From a technical standpoint his career 
was remarkable, but it was made more note- 
worthy by his fidelity to the highest business 
ideals, by the public spirit which he carried 
into his business life and by his practical phil- 
anthropy. He was a man who, while de- 
voted to business, recognized higher claims 
than those involved in the mere making of 
money in his vocation. He stood for what we 
sometimes call old fashioned honesty and in- 
dependence in his business life. His life his- 
tory was the outgrowth of hereditary influ- 
ence, guided by his own high conceptions of 
personal and business character. He was at 
time of his death probably the largest manu- 



facturer of wood planing machines in the 

Mr. Woods married (first) August 21, 1854, 
Sarah Elizabeth Weathern, of \'ienna, Maine, 
who died in 1862. He married (second) in 
1867, Sarah Catherine Watts, of Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, who died in 1905. Mr. Woods 
died suddenly of apoplexy, at his home in 
Brookline, Massachusetts, October i, 1907. 
He was survived by three children : Frank 
F., treasurer and general manager of the com- 
pany organized by his father ; Florence : and 
Dr. Frederick Adams Woods, the biologist 
and author. 

( Most of the facts contained in this sketch 
were taken from the "American Lumberman", 
a Chicago paper, issue of October 12, 1907). 

Barnabas Davis, immigrant an- 
DA\'IS cestor, was born in England and 
came to New England from 
Tewksbury, England, on the ship "Blessing" 
in July, 1635. He gave his age on the ship list 
as thirty-six years. He settled in Charles- 
town, Massachusetts, and was in the employ 
of John and William Woodcock, making sev- 
eral journeys to Connecticut. The records 
show that he brought suit against his employ- 
er for wages in 1640-41. He mentions his 
father James and brother Reade in England. 
He deposed April 4, 1659, that he was aged 
about sixty years. He was a tallow chandler 
by trade. Elizabeth Davis, perhaps his first 
wife, was admitted to the church in Charles- 
town, January 8, 1635. His wife Patience 
died November 15, 1690, aged eighty-two 
years. He owned Lovell's Island and consid- 
erable other real estate. He died at Charles- 
town, November 28, 1685. Children: i. 
Samuel, mentioned below. 2. Barnabas, aged 
twenty-eight in 1662. 3. Patience. 4. Na- 
thaniel, aged forty in 1682. 

(H) Samuel, son of Barnabas Davis, was 
born in Charlestown ; died December 28, 1699. 
at Groton. He went to Groton about 1663, 
but had to return in 1675 on account of King 
Philip's war with wife and five children. In 
his will he mentions John, Nathaniel and Sam- 
uel, and daughters Elizabeth Church, Mary 
Pratt, Sarah and Patience. Children; i. 
' Elizabeth, born at Charlestown in 1658. 2. 
Mary, January 21, 1662-63. 3- John. March 
10, 1664. 4. Sarah, August T2. 1667. 5. 
Samuel, January 10, 1669. 6. Barnabas, April 
17, 1672. 7. Patience, April 10, 1673. 8. Na- 
thaniel, mentioned below. 

(Ill) Nathaniel, son of Samuel Davis, was 

born about 1675. He married Rose 

and settled in Groton. Children, born at Gro- 
ton : I. Joanna, January 26, 1702. 2. Sarah, 
March 10, 1704. 3. Eleanor, December 2, 
1706. 4. Martha, June 4, 171 1. 5. Mary, 
March 8, 1712. 6. Nathaniel, March 12, 1714- 
15. 7. Zachariah, March 11, 1716-17. 8. 
Benjamin, mentioned below. 9. Ezekiel, Jan- 
uary 8, 1723. 10. Elizabeth, August 28, 1724. 
II. Isaac, May 13, 1727. 12. Eleazer, August 

^' ^729- 

(IV) Benjamin, son of Benjamin Davis, 
was born about 1720. He was a farmer at 
Groton. Children, born at Groton: i. Anna, 
February 2, 1742. 2. Benjamin, mentioned 
below. 3. Joseph, ]\Iarch 14, 1746. 4. Joshua, 
August 30, 1748. 5. David, August 6, 1751. 
6. Sarah, May 24, 1754. 7. James, June 22, 
1756. 8. Henry, October 11, 1758. 9. Eliz- 
abeth, March 10, 1761. 10. Eleazer, Septem- 
ber 6, 1763. II. Joseph, September 27, 1765. 

(A) Benjamin (2), son of Benjamin (i) 
Davis, was born April 11, 1744. He removed 
to Stoddard, New Hampshire, in 1772, and is 
said to have lived for a time at Chelmsford, 
Massachusetts, a town adjacent to Groton. He 
lived most of the remainder of his life in the 
northeast part of the town of Stoddard. He 
married three times. His third wife died at 
Stoddard in 1853, aged ninetv-four years. 
Children : Isaac, Benjamin, Susan, Sarah, 
Nathaniel Friend, mentioned below. 

(\T) Nathaniel Friend, son of Benjamin 
(2) Davis, was born in Stoddard. He mar- 
ried Mary Osborn. Among their children 
was Charles Addison, mentioned below. 

(VII) Charles Addison, son of Nathaniel 
Friend Davis, was born in Stoddard, March 
II, 1830. He received his education in the 
district schools, and during his boyhood 
worked for his father on the homestead. He 
left home at the age of nineteen and found 
employment in a sash and" blind factory, later 
for Dalphon Osborn, State street, Cambridge. 
He learned the trade of piano-maker and for 
many years was employed in the piano and 
organ factory of Mason & Hamlin in the man- 
ufacture of pianos. He married Sarah Moul- 
ton. of Biddeford, Maine, daughter of Jere- 
miah and Julia Ann (Strowm) Moulton, 
granddaughter of Jothan Moulton. Children : 
I. Charles Edward, born January 27, i860; 
president and treasurer of the A. M. Roths- 
child Company, dry goods, Chicago ; married 
Sadie Gordon ; child, Gordon Charles. 2. 
Mary, July 30, '1865; married Frank Bryant 
Hawley, foreman of the Forbes Lithographic 



Company of Boston. 3. Frank N., January 
24, 1868; sales agent for the Blake Pump 
Works ; resides in Cambridge ; children : 
Helen S., Paul W., Frank H., Norman Eu- 
gene. 4. Jennie S., March 24, 1870; married 
Lawrence Pedrick, of Beverly, Massachusetts ; 
children : Lawrence Davis and Marion Ped- 

(For first generation see Thomas Hastings 1). 

(H) Dr. Thomas (2), son of 
HASTINGS Deacon Thomas (i) and Mar- 
garet (Cheney) Hastings, was 
born in Watertown July i, 1652, died in Hat- 
field, Massachusetts, April 13, 1734. He was 
made a freeman February 8, 1678, at Hat- 
field, where he had removed and was a phy- 
sician for the country round. There was not 
much business in those days for doctors ; 
ministers frequently practiced, and bleeding 
was the remedy for everything; the good 
housewife also gathered herbs. Dr. Hastings 
treated in the adoining towns, and drove as 
far as Springfield, Suffield, Westfield, Enfield 
and even Brookfield. He found time to keep 
the neighborhood school. It is worthy of re- 
mark that in his school girls pursued the 
same studies as the boys, said to be the first 
instance of co-education in New England. 
Some effects of this good seed thus earlv 
sown are discoverable in the fact that a Hat- 
ley woman founded the first woman college 
in New England, Smith's at Northampton. 
Dr. Hastings had a still valued at forty shil- 
lings ; a great many people even ininisters 
had stills and malt-houses to brew their own 
beer, and they not only brewed it but drank 
it, and gave freely to the neighbors. Dr. 
Hastings was a member of the committee of 
correspondence and safety. He married 
Anne, daughter of John Hawkes. She died 
October 25, 1705. He married (second), 
Mary, daughter of David Burt, of North- 
ampton. Children of Anne : Margaret, born 
July 7, 1674: Hannah, January 19, 1677; 
Thomas, (of whom more anon) ; Hepzibah, 
April 16, 1682; Mehitable, January 23, 1685. 
John, September 17, 1689. Children by Mary 
(Burt) Hastings: Silence, Februarv 26. 1707; 
Thankful, May 3. 171 1 : Sylvanus, September 
ID, 1712. 

(HI) Dr. Thomas (3), eldest son of Dr. 
Thomas (2) and Anne (Hawkes) Hastings, 
was born in Hatfield, September 24, 1679, 
died there April 14, 1728. He succeeded to 
his father's practice, and was quite celebrated, 
frequently being called to Boston on profes- 

sional visits. He died of slow poison con- 
tracted in his practice. He married Mary, 
daughter of John Field, of Hatfield. Chil- 
dren : Mary, born Deceinber 24, 1701 ; Thom- 
as, November 6, 1702 (died young) ; Mary, 
July 26, 1704; Anna, October 13, 1706; Dor- 
othy, July 27, 1709; Thomas, December 12, 
1713 (died young) ; Waitstill, January 3, 1714; 
Tabitha, October 6, 1715 ; Hopestill, April 17, 
1718; Dorothy May 7, 1720; Thomas, (of 
whom more anon); Lucy, February 17, 1723. 

(IV) Lieutenant Thomas (4), youngest son 
of Dr. Thomas (3) and Mary (Field) Hast- 
ings, was born in Hatfield, January 28, 1721, 
died January 22, 1787. He lived in Amherst, 
Massachusetts, on the south road near the 
place of the late Frederick Williams. He 
married Mary, daughter of Joseph Belden, of 
Hatfield, and she died July 31, 1801. Chil- 
dren: Esther, born February i, 1743; Sarah, 
July 13, 1744; Thomas, May 20, 1746; Anna, 
April 22, 1748; Waitstill, May 8, 1750; Sam- 
uel (of whom more anon) ; Sybil, October 14, 
1753; Moses, August 31, 1755: Mary, April 
24, 1757 (died young) ; Mary, August 12, 
1759; Elisha, April 12, 1761 ; Tabitha and 
Lucy, March 31, 1765. 

(V) Samuel, second son of Lieutenant 
Thomas (4) and Mary (Belden) Hastings, was 
born in Amherst, March 6, 1752. He inar- 
ried, September 15, 1784, Lucy, daughter of 
Simeon Pomeroy, of Amherst, who was of 
the familv from whom came the Hon. Samuel 
C. Pomeroy, L^nited States senator froin 
Kansas. After Samuel's death, she married 
Martin Kellogg, and herself died September 
23, 1739. Children: Waitstill, born June 13, 
1785 (died young); Waitstill, July 24, 1786; 
Elisha (of whom more anon) ; Samuel. 

(VI) Elisha, eldest son of Samuel and Lucy 
(Pomeroy) Hastings, was born July 31, 1788, 
died July 18, 1856. He married Abigail, 
daughter of Benjatnin Potwine, who was 
from John Potwine : Children : Mary, Sam- 
uel, (of whom more anon), Abigail, Joseph, 
Henry Elisha, Lucy and Eliza. 

(VII) Samuel (2), eldest son of Elisha and 
Abigail (Potwine) Hastings, was born March 
9, 1816, died November 16, 1885. He lived 
in Amherst and was a toolmaker, working 
for over forty years for one man. He was 
a Republican. He married Alvira, daughter of 
Isaiah Cooley. Children : Elmira, born Feb- 
ruary 2, 1841, died young; Henry B., Jan- 
uary 28, 1843, died August 24, 1909, married 
Marv Ann Lovett, (second) Mary Talcott, 
Mav 17. 1883: Willard B., October 9, 1845, 




married Anne Smith ; Lucy E., April 27, 1848, 
married Clarence Wheaton, both of whom 
are dead ; Herbert A., born November 3, 
1850 (of whom more anon) ; Amelia, March 
20, 1853 (died young). 

(VHI) Herbert Ashton, third son of Sam- 
uel and Alvira (Cooley) Hastings, was born 
in Amherst, November 3, 1850. He attended 
the public schools of his native town. He 
was a farmer until twenty-one years of age, 
then he went to Springfield, Massachusetts, 
in the employ of George Reynolds, for whom 
he was foreman. In 1892 he formed a part- 
nership with H. S. Reynolds, and engaged in 
landscape gardening, excavating cellars, 
road-building and sewerage-construction. 
For nine years he was superintendent of For- 
est Park. He is a member of the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows, American Order 
of Modern Woodmen. He attends the South 
Congregational Church. He is a devotee of 
the rod and gun, and they are his principal 
recreations. He married Louise Maria Rey- 
nolds, November 16, 1876. 

(For preceding generations see Jolin Wright 1). 

(V) James Wright, son of 
WRIGHT Samuel Wright lived on the 

homestead, and died in 1723. 
He married, June 18, 1664, Abigail Jess. 
Children, born at Northampton: i. Abigail, 
December 7, 1665 ; died young. 2. Helped, 
July 2, 1668; died 1745. 3. James, Novem- 
ber 9, 1670; died 1689. 4. Lydia, March, 
1674; died young. 5. Samuel, May 16, 1675; 
removed to Connecticut. 6. Preserved, 1678 ; 
mentioned below. 7. Hester, 1684; married 
Nathaniel Curtis. 8. Jonathan, 1686. 9. 
Hannah, 1688; died young. 

(VI) Preserved, son of James Wright, was 
born in 1678. He married, in 1709, Sarah 
Hannvmi. Children: i. Ephraim, born 1712 ; 
mentioned below. 2. Preserved, born 171 5, 
died young. 3. Moses, born 1719. 4. Sarah. 
5. Preserved. 

(VII) Ephraim, son of Preserved Wright, 
was born in 1712. He married, about 1745, 
Miriam Wright. Children : Ephraim, men- 
tioned below ; Esther, Moses, Seth, Miriam, 
Eunice, Tabitha. 

(VIII) Ephraim (2), son of Ephraim (i) 
Wright, was born in Northampton. He 
served in the revolution, in Captain Jonathan 
Wall's company. Colonel Dickinson's regi- 
ment in August, 1777, on an alarm of August 
17, four days. They afterwards guarded Hes- 
sian prisoners to Springfield, by order of Bri- 

gadier General Fellows. He settled in West- 
hampton in 1773, where he kept a tavern. He 
married, July 4, 1772, Abigail Lyman. Chil- 
dren: I. Levi, born August 19, 1773; died 
January 9, 1825. 2. Preserved, born July 2, 
1775; died September 8, 1839. 3. Luther, 
born .\pril 10, 1777; died May 9, 1846. 4. 
Charlotte, born May 22, 1779; died February 
to, 1814. 5. Medad, born June 9, 1781 ; died 
April 14, 1864. 6. Abigail, born June 13, 
1783 ; died December 4, 1844. 7. Zenas, born 
September 10, 1785; mentioned below. 8. 
Zadock, born January 24, 1788; died Decem- 
ber 10, 1844. 9. Marian, laorn October 31, 
1790; died July 10, 1864. 10. Martin, born 
Fel^ruary I, 1793; died October 21, 1832. 

(IX) Zenas, son of Ephraim (2) Wright, 
was born September 10, 1785, and died No- 
vember II, 1861, at Westhampton. He mar- 
ried, in 181 1, Patty Clapp, born at West- 
hampton, October 24, 1791. He was a farm- 
er. Children: i. Ozro C, born February 3, 
1812; died December 9, 1884. 2. Ephraim 
Monroe, born July 24, 1813; died May 17, 
1878. 3. j\lartin, born August 5, 1815; died 
January 30, 1880. 4. Charles C., born Oc- 
tober I, 1819; mentioned below. 5. Mary 
Asenath, born May 5, 1828. 

(X) Charles C, son of Zenas Wright, was 
born in Westhampton, October i, 1819, and 
died November 30, 1887. When a young man 
he taught school and studied law. His occu- 
pation was farming, and he was a prominent 
man in the community. In politics he was a 
Republican, and he held many public offices, 
serving as county commissioner, town clerk, 
school committeeman, selectman, and as jus- 
tice of the peace from 1862 to 1887. He 
married, August 13, 1846, Jennet L. Taylor, 
born in Chesterfield, Massachusetts, December 
10, 1823, daughter of David and Eliza (Bart- 
lett) Taylor, granddaughter of Seth, and 
great-granddaughter of Seth Taylor. Chil- 
dren: I. Austin T., born July 7, 1847; died 
December 9, 1853. 2. Edwin Matson, born 
October 28, 1848; died May 22, 1849. 3- 
Henry M., born April 26, 1850. 4. Charles 
Albert, born February 23, 1852 ; died Febru- 
ary 4, 1906. 5. David Taylor, born December 
13, 1854; mentioned below. 6. Jennie Eliza, 
born October 3, 1857. 7. Mary Louise, born 
September 11, 1859. 8. Edward Monroe, 
born July 30, 1865. 

(XI) David Taylor, son of Charles C. 
Wright, was born at Agawam, November 13, 
1854, and was educated there in the common 
schools. From 1882 to 1892 he was engaged 



in the grocery business, and from 1893 to 
1897 he conducted a retail milk business. He 
was agent for the American Express Com- 
pany at Springfield for five years. Since 1897 
he has been connected with the Gilbert & 
Barker Manufacturing Company in the manu- 
facture of gas engines. In politics he is a Re- 
publican. He was collector of taxes and 
postmaster of Feeding Hills, Massachusetts. 
He is a member of the first Church of Christ, 
Springfield (Congregational). He belongs to 
no secret societies. He married at Brookfield, 
Massachusetts, May 5, 1880, Cynthia B. 
Draper, born in Brookfield, March 13, 1854, 
daughter of Lyman Jr. and Sarah L. (Oakes) 
Draper. Her father was a farmer. She had 
two sisters, Mary J. and Lottie E. Draper. 
Children: i. Louis Draper, mentioned below. 
2. M. Theresa, graduate of Springfield high 
school and Mount Holyoke College, was a 
teacher of mathematics in the public schools 
at Dalton ; married Arthur Williams. 3. 
Charles Lyman, graduated from Technical 
High School, and is now a draftsman. 

(XH) Louis Draper, son of David Tay- 
lor Wright, was born at Feeding Hills, Mas- 
sachusetts, November 13, 1883, and educated 
in the public schools of Springfield, gradu- 
ating from the high school in the class of 1902. 
He was a clerk in the purchasing department 
of the Wason Car Manufacturing Company 
one year, and in the employ of the Holyoke 
Valve and Hydrant Company three years. In 
1907 he organized the Holyoke Supply Com- 
pany, of which he owns a third interest and 
is secretary and treasurer. In politics he is 
a Republican, and in religion a Congregation- 
alist. He is a member of the Springfield 
Board of Trade. He married, January 15, 
1906, Katherine Powers; child: Florence 
Mari'an, born January 14, 1909. 

This family have dwelt so long 
FOSTER on the earth that somebody 

jocularly (not irreverently, it 
is to be hoped) said, "God made Adam and 
Eve, and then the Fosters". They trace their 
start to Flanders, in the year 837, where lived 
Anacher Great Forester, whp exercised the 
honorable callin.g of tree warden. In those 
davs this was an important office, forestry 
protection and preservation being the con- 
stant thought of the old Flemish markgrafts. 
The early English home of the Flemings was 
in Northumberland, and Richard Forester 
was the first to cross the channel at the con- 
quest with the Con<|ueror. William married 

the Flemish beauty Maud, sister to Richard. 
Sir John Forester went on one of the cru- 
sades and saved the precious life of King 
Richard at Acre, in iioi, and his Flemish 
heart was made glad by royal tokens of re- 
gard and gratitude. The hereditary seat of 
the Foresters was at Bambough Castle, 
Fame Island, off the rugged eastern coast of 
Northumberland, which was the scene of the 
daring exploits of Grace Darling. They 
(Foresters) were lords of Blanchland, knights 
bannerets, lords warden of the Middle 
Marches, high sheriffs of Northumberland, 
and governors of Bambough Castle. They 
were connected by marriage with the North- 
umbrian stocks of Russell, Radclyff and Fen- 
wicks. There is a continuous line of twenty- 
three generations from Anacher Great For- 
ester to Reginald, who with his good wife 
Judith embarked for America in 1638. The 
Fosters are as numerous as the leaves of the 
forest after which they were named, and are 
everywhere found where the sun shineth. 
They have been credited with large families, 
and one Foster in particular had twenty-one 
sons and daughters gather around his ma- 
hogany to listen to grace and partake of 
meat. Four hundred eight)--three of the 
name were in our war for independence : one 
hundred and fifty were graduated from New 
England colleges up to the year 1900; The 
arms of the family: An arm in armor em- 
bowered, holding in the hand a broken, tilt- 
ing spear, proper, blotto: 'Tf broken, still 

The roll of fame includes Stephen C. Fos- 
ter, who wrote "My Old Kentucky Home"; 
Stephen Symonds Foster, the abolition leader ; 
Bishop Randolph S. Foster; Rufus Choate ; 
Horace Mann; Nathaniel Hawthorne; Wil- 
liam C. Endicott, secretary of war under 
Cleveland; George Peabody, the philanthrop- 
ist ; Hon. George S. Boutwell : and David 
Starr Jordan, president of Leland Stanford 

(I) Joiin Foster was born in England, in 
1626. and was progenitor of the Salem branch. 
His exact relationship to the first American 
Foster Reginald who planted the Ipswich 
branch is not known. John came over with 
Roger Conant, and they landed at Plymouth 
in 1628. With him came Christopher Foster, 
who founded the Long Island line. John set- 
tled at Naumkeag, now Salem. Prior to the 
advent of the Conant contingent, Cape Ann 
had been a rendezvous of European fishermen. 
A luimber of Devonshire men had established 



a fishing and trading place there, but it proved 
a failure. The first mention found of John 
at Salem is in 1657, when he was paid eight 
pounds for work on a bridge. He was made 
a freeman May 24, '1682. His name appears 
in the following real estate transaction : he 
deeded to Nathaniel Putnam, April 14, 1669, 
thirty acres on Ipswich river, which land was 
given him by the town ; April i, 1672, he gave 
to son John, for natural love and affection, a 
parcel of- land near the river; September 9, 
1670. he gave his deposition in a case of acci- 
dental shooting of Aaron Reed by Joseph 
Small, and testified that he heard Reed say, 
just before he died, that said Small was not 
at fault. He died in March, 1688. His will 
was made November 16, 1687, and proved 
March 14, 1688. The inventory of his estate 
was one hundred thirty-six pounds. He mar- 
ried Martha, daughter of Ralph and Kather- 
ine (Aborn) Tompkins. She was born about 
1630, and survived her husband, marrying 
(second) Richard Adams. Children of John : 
Mary, baptized, March 29, 1649 ; Samuel, bap- 
tized. May 7, 165 1 ; John, baptized, June 3, 
1655; Benjamin, born July 3, 1658; Jonathan 
(deceased) ; Jonathan (deceased) ; Joseph, 
born 1664; David, October 16, 1665; Eliza- 
beth, November 22, 1667 ; Jonathan, baptized, 
June 12, 1670; Hannah, baptized. July 21, 
1672; Martha, baptized, September, 1674; 
Ebenezer (see forward). 

(II) Ebenezer, youngest child of John and 
Martha (Tompkins) Foster, was born in Sa- 
lem, August 5, 1677, and died there in 1718. 
He lived in what is now South Danvers. His 
will was dated March 23, 171 7. He devised 
his property to his wife "during her widow- 
hood, and if she came to marry, then one-third 
part during her natural life of all the estate". 
She married (second) Isaac Wilkins and she 
accordingly did release to her children the 
lands aforesaid. Ebenezer married Annie, 
daughter of Benjamin and Priscilla (Baxter) 
Wilkins. Children : Abigail, born September 

10, 1701 ; Jonathan, September 9, 1703; Ste- 
phen, February 28, 1705; Ebenezer (see for- 
ward) ; Anna, April 3, 1715 : Joshua, 1718. 

(III) Ebenezer (2), fourth child of Eben- 
ezer (i) and Anna (Wilkins) Foster, was 
born in Salem, August 23, 1710; died there in 
1769. He lived in that part of Salem now 
South Danvers, having lands also in the north 
field. His home was struck by lightning July 

11. 1734, and a horse and two oxen killed. 
He removed to Rutland, Massachusetts, and 
bought land of Jonas Clarke of Boston, being 

iv— 31 

lot No. 25 on Pine plain. He was a weaver 
and farmer. He died intestate and adminis- 
tration was granted to John Walton, February 
6, 1793. He married December 11, 1731, 
Lydia, daughter of Skelton and Hepsibah 
(Sheldon) Felton. She married (second) 
Stephen Lincoln, of Oakham, and she died in 
Salem in 1793. Children of Ebenezer: Eben- 
ezer, born 1733 ; Lydia, Skelton, Samuel, Ben- 
jamin, Deborah, John (see forward). 

(IV) John (2), youngest child of Ebenezer 
and Lydia (Felton) Foster, was born in Rut- 
land, 1752, and died in Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, February 13, 1829. He resided in 
Paxton and Springfield. He married (first) 
Sara Hair; (second) in 1803, in Springfield, 
Phebe Doan, of West Springfield. Children : 
John (see forward) ; William Hammond, 
April 5, 1784; Elizabeth Buckminster; Polly 
Hudson, November 12, 1785; Sally, May 21, 
1780; Edwin, August 14, 1804; Eliza; Har- 

(V) Captain John (3), eldest child of John 
(2) and Sara (Hair) Foster, was born in Rut- 
land, October 14, 1777, and died in Peter- 
sham, Massachusetts, Alarch 8, 1828. He was 
a farmer in Petersham, where he owned and 
operated a saw mill and .was engaged in 
trade. His mother died when he was young, 
and he went to reside with a relative. He 
was a man of marked ability, holding town 
offices, and was captain of the town military 
company. His will was probated at Worces- 
ter in 1828. He married November 8, 1807, 
Hannah, daughter of Enos and Sarah (Burt) 
Lincoln, of Petersham, who was from Thom- 
as Lincoln, the miller of Hingham, the emi- 
grant of 1630. This Hingham Lincoln was a 
brother to that Thomas who was the ancestor 
of Abraham Lincoln. Children : William 
Hammond, born January 15, 1809; John B., 
June 5, 1819; Emory Burt (see forward) ; Al- 
fred Nelson, April 14, 1812; Lucy Lincoln, 
Alarch 4, 1814. 

(VI) Emory Burt, third child of Captain 
John (3) and Hannah (Lincoln) Foster, was 
born in Petersham, January 3, 181 1, and died 
in Hardwick. Massachusetts. December 13, 
1892. In early life he went to Ohio, where he 
was storekeeper. Returning east to Belcher- 
town. Massachusetts, he learned the carriage 
maker's trade. He moved to Hardwick and 
he married Adeline Littlefield. Children : 
George Emory (see forward) : Fred, born Au- 
gust 2, 1852. deceased, formerly in the flour 
and grain trade at Bangor, Maine ; William, 
born'March i, 1858, a machinist and farmer 



in East Granby, Massachusetts, member of 
the legislature several times ; he married El- 
len Boynton, and has one child, Nellie Ade- 
line, married Clyde Clark, of Windsor, Con- 

(V'll) Dr. George Emory, eldest son cf 
Emory Burt and Adeline ( Littlefield) Foster, 
was born in Hardwick, October 27, 1850. He 
was educated at Monson Academy and Wil- 
braham Academy, where he fitted for college. 
He graduated from Amherst, xA. B., class of 
1867. He taught school as a boy to raise 
funds for his education. He went to Bowdoin 
Medical College one term, and graduated 
from the College of Physicians and Surgeons 
in New York, in 1871, coming to Springfield 
to practice, where he has been very success- 
ful. He was always a Jacksonian Democrat, 
and recently he has voted independently. He 
was a member of the city government under 
Mayor Bradford. He attends Christ Episco- 
pal Church. He is a lover of horse flesh, driv- 
ing some fast steppers. He married Flor- 
ence Ada Smith, of Hartford, Connecticut. 
No children. 

We find the name of Gibbs in this 
GIBBS country as early as 1654. and dare 

say the ancestor of this family 
was here much earlier. They were from Len- 
ham, Yorkshire, England, and arrived here 
not far from 1654, as before stated. We find 
them in nearly every walk of life, and they 
have done much in settling and developing 
this country in whatever part they have taken 

(I) Matthew Gibbs, ancestor of this branch 
of the family, was a planter in Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, sold his house at Charles- 
town in 1654, in 1659 had a grant east of his 
house at Lundham, and 1661 bought of 
Thomas Reed, Senior, one third of a farm 
once of Rev. Edmund Brown, near Doeskin 
Hill, and in 1665 he was on a committee of 
the town of Sudbury. In 1673 and 1678 he 
bought other parts of the same farm at Doe- 
skin Hill, in 1670 had a grant east side of the 
brook near his house, and in 1681 bought of 
Samuel Howe ten acres at Lanham Plain. He 
died previous to 1697. He married Mary, 
daughter of Robert Bradish, of Cambridge, 
who died about 1659. Their children were : 
Matthew, John, Elizabeth, Hannah, Mary, 
Thomas (died young) and Thomas. 

(II) John, second son of Matthew and 
Mary (Bradish) Gibbs, married (first) in 1688, 
Anna Gleason, of Sudbury, Massachusetts, 

who died, and he married (second) Sarah Cut- 
ler, of Reading. Massachusetts. He died 
April 2, 1718, in Sudbury, his will proven the 
same month, the estate valued at six hundred 
and twenty-seven pounds three shillings. 
Children of first wife were : Thomas, Mercy 
and John, by second wife : Sarah, Nathaniel, 
Isaac, Jacob, Israel and Ephraim. 

(HI) Deacon Israel, son of John and Sarah 
(Cutler) Gibbs, was born July 11, 1706, in 
Sudbury. He was disowned by his brothers 
and sisters, joined the "Scotch-Irish Com- 
pany," which was then on the eve of starting 
for a place in the wilderness, went with them 
and became a pioneer in the town of Glasgow, 
now Blandford, Massachusetts, in 1735. The 
settlers selected their farms by lot, and he 
was one of those who obtained farms on the 
west side of the town street. The team which 
drew- the first cart that entered the town was 
driven by Widow Closes Carr, and it is said 
to have belonged to Israel Gibbs. The farm 
on which he settled was in the possession of a 
descendant in the male line one hundred years 
later. In those days farm tools were of a 
verv rude and primitive type. The method of 
harvesting hay was curious, and tradition 
states that the laborers in the "North Mead- 
ow" — and especially Israel Gibbs — used a 
straight stick, which answered a three-fold 
purpose, that is, as swath, rake and fork, and 
it was so awkard that it was then, and even 
now anything that is coarse, is called a ''Gibb- 
sey." He was a hard working man, and also 
a man of progress. In 1759 was the first year 
a school was taught by a female, as appears 
by the records : "Granted six pounds for 
schooling this year. Voted. Chosen Israel 
Gibbs, James Montgomery, William ^Michel, 
to be committee to Hiar a School Deame, 
and so Dispurs the money Granted by the 
town to Defra the charges of the schooling, 
and to employ a school master when they 
think it will be Best for the town for this 
year." From another entry in the records it 
appears that Israel Gibbs was a leader in the 
church and that those Scotch settlers were as 
fond of spirits as their y\nglo Saxon neigh- 
bors. In 1756 it was voted, "That the town 
shall pay to Dea. Israel Gibbs and Samuel 
Carnahan the first cost for the Rum and su- 
gar the Council shall Need while they Seat 
Hear." He was married in 1727 to Mary 
Hambleton. of Hopkinton, Massachusetts. 
Their children were: Mary, John, Rebecca, 
Israel, Ephraim, Isaac, Elizabeth and Sarah. 
(IV) John (2), eldest son of Israel and 



Mary (Hambleton) Gibbs, accompanied his 
parents to their wilderness home when an in- 
fant, spent his hfe in Blandford, and hved to 
be over eighty years of age, as did all of his 
father's children except Elizabeth. His brother 
Israel was said to be the first white child born 
in the town. He was the father of four chil- 
dren namely : Israel, Samuel, Alary and Ellen. 

(V) Sarnuel, the second son of John (2) 
Gibbs, was born in Blandford, and resided 
there all his life. He was the owner of a good 
farm in the northern part of the town, which 
he cultivated, and upon which he spent his last 
years. In the seating of a church in 1797, in 
Blandford. Massachusetts, we find the names 
of Samuel, Levi, Ephraim Israel, Isaac Silas 
and Abner Gibbs, and in the same account we 
find that in 1791. Isaac G. Gibbs bought the 
first single wagon in the town, which was a 
great curiosity to his neighbors, and when he 
went to church it frightened horses. The name 
of his wife is not known. He had the follow- 
ing children : Lyman E., Olive, Foster E. and 

(VI) Lyman Elam, eldest son of Samuel 
Gibbs, was born in Blandford, was reared on 
a farm, and died there aged fifty-eight years. 
He chose agriculture as his life occupation, 
and was a large dealer in horses. He married 
Polly Boies, daughter of David Boies, a farm- 
er of Blandford. Their children were : Julia, 
Jarvis W., Samuel, David, Isabella. Maria, 
Russell, Edward and Edson. 

(VII) Jarvis \\'atson, eldest son of Lyman 
Elam and Polly (Boies) Gibbs, was born De- 
cember 9, 1820, in Blandford, died March 18. 
1895, and was buried in the cemetery at Rus- 
sell, Massachusetts. He was educated in the 
public schools, and at the age of twenty began 
teaching in Blandford. where he received a 
salary of fifteen dollars a month and "boarded 
around." Subsequently he taught in Chester. 
In each of these places only the winter months 
were occupied in teaching. At a later date he 
took charge of a school in New Jersey, to 
which he devoted a full year of his time. At 
twenty-four years of age he returned to Mas- 
sachusetts and engaged in mercantile business 
at Russell, conducting a general store with 
success for several years. Later he sold out 
and was idle for some years, but tiring of an 
unprofitable life he bought another store and 
again carried on business, this time about a 
year. He then sold out and lived retired till 
the time of his death. He was a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, to which his 
widow also belongs. He was a Republican in 

politics, and served as a member of the town 
committee, and for four years, 1889-1893, 
was postmaster at Russell. Fraternally he 
was connected with Mount Alesiah Lodge, An- 
cient Free and Accepted Masons. He mar- 
ried (first) April, 1845, Tryphena, daughter 
of Ashley and Janet (Cannon) Mann, born in 
Chester, died in 1854, leaving one child, How- 
ard A. He married (second) in 1857, Olive 
C, daughter of Roland and Marcy (Culver) 
Parks, born in Blandford, died in June, 1887, 
leaving one child, Mary T. He married 
(third) June 27, 1889, Sarah Sophronia, 
daughter of Ebenezer and Jane (Hazelton) 
Combs, born in Middlefield, Massachusetts, 
who survives him. 

(VIII) Howard Ashley, only -son of Jar- 
vis Watson and Tryphena (Mann) Gibbs, was 
born in Huntington, December 19, 1843, died 
July 19, 1899. He spent his early life in 
Russell, and at the age of sixteen went to 
Springfield, Massachusetts, where he became 
a clerk in the employ of N. G. Gibbs, and later 
became proprietor of the business, which was 
carried on under the name of Howard A. 
Gibbs. He dealt in shoes twenty-five years, 
and then, six years before his death, bought 
out B. F. Nichols, of Holyoke, manufacturer 
of belting, and carried on that industry under 
the name of the Holyoke Belting Company, as 
long as he lived. He was an active and suc- 
cessful business man, was interested in good 
government and public affairs generally, voted 
the Republican ticket, and was a member of 
the Springfield city council during the years 
1894-95. He was a member of the Masonic 
Order in which he had attained the rank of 
Knight Templar. He married, October 23, 
1872, Kate Chapin, daughter of Stephen C. 
and Julia Emeline (Skeele) Bemis. (See 
Bemis VH). who was born in Springfield, May 
30, 1846. Their children are: Ralph Bemis 
and Edith. 

(IX) Ralph Bemis, only son of Howard 
Ashley and Kate Chapin (Bemis) Gibbs, was 
born December 26, 1875. He was educated 
in the public schools of Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, and Amherst College, and is now in 
New York City. He married, December i, 
1907, Harriet Belle, daughter of Hiram B. 
and Maria (Hitchcock) Lane. 

(IX) Edith, only daughter of Howard 
Ashley and Kate Chapin (Bemis) Gibbs, was 
born December 14, 1879, married, September 
18, 1902, Walter Cockrill, son of James A. H. 
and Mary (Pierce) Carroll, of Baltimore, 
Maryland. They now reside in Pittsburgh, 



Pennsylvania, where Mr. Carroll has a place 
with the United States Steel Company. They 
are the parents of the following children: 
Walter Cockrill and Katherine, twins, born 
June 19, 1903, and Mary, born June 16, 

It is said by antiquarians and oth- 
DEAN ers who have made careful study 

of the origin and signification of 
our English patronymics that the surname 
Dean or Deane is derived originally from the 
Latin word decanus, which was the title of a 
Roman military officers of minor rank com- 
manding a force of ten men, and its English 
equivalent Dean was long ago adopted as an 
ecclesiastical title, next in dignity to that of 
bishop. In Spanish the name is written Dean ; 
in old French it is written both Dean 
and Dien ; and in both Norman and English 
it is nearly always written Dean. In England 
the name doubtless has existed from the time 
of Alfred the Great (loth century), who was 
the first English sovereign to encourage the 
adoption of surnames. 

In New England the first of the name of 
whom history gives an account were Rachel 
Dean, widow, and Stephen Dean, both of 
whom came over in the "Fortune" in 162 1 
and arrived at Plymouth in November of that 
year. Stephen Dean built and operated the 
first grist mill in the Plymouth colony. In 
1637 two other immigrants of the Dean sur- 
name — John and Walter — brothers, came over 
from Chard, a place of some importance about 
twelve miles from Taunton in Somersetshire ; 
and it said by some authorities that these 
brothers were sons of William Dean, of 
Chard. They landed at Boston and after 
spending a winter in Dorchester went to 
Taunton, Massachusetts, where they were 
admitted freemen December 4, 1638. John 
Dean, who was born about the year 1600 and 
died 1660, directed in his will that "in case 
there be no settled ministry in Taunton, my 
administrators shall have full power to sell 
either the whole or a part of these my hous- 
ings and lands, so as my children and posteri- 
tie may remove elsewhere, where they may 
enjoy God and His Ordnances". 

fl) Walter Dean, immigrant, son of Wil- 
liam Dean, of Chard, was born between the 
years 1615 and 1617. He came with his 
brother to New England, as is mentioned, set- 
tled in Taunton, Massachusetts, and died 
there about the year 1693. He appears to 
have been somewhat prominently identified 

with the afifairs of the town and church, and 
in the latter fulfilled the office of deacon for 
many years. He was selectman for eight 
years, held various other town offices, and in 
business occupation was a tanner. His wife 
was Eleanor, daughter of Richard Strong, of 
Taunton, England, and sister of Elder John 
Strong, whom she accompanied to New Eng- 
land in the "Mary and John" in 1630. The 
children of Deacon Walter and Eleanor 
(Strong) Dean whose names are found in the 
Taunton records were, Joseph, Ezra, Benja- 
min and Abigail. 

(II) Ezra, son of Deacon Walter Dean, 
settled at Taunton and died there between Oc- 
tober 28, 1727, and February 15, 1732. He 
married, December 17, 1676, Bethiah, daugh- 
ter of Deacon Samuel and Susanna (Orcutt) 
Edson. Deacon Edson was one of the first 
settlers in Bridgewater, Massachusetts, and 
built and owned the first mill in that town. He 
died in 1692, aged eighty years, and his wife 
Susanna died in 1699, aged eighty-one years. 
Ezra and Bethiah (Edson) Dean had six 
children: i. Bethiah, born October 14, 1677, 
died November 27, 1679. 2. Ezra, October 
14, 1680, see forward. 3. Samuel, April 11, 
1681, died February 16, 1682-83. 4. Seth, 
June 3, 1683; lived at Taunton: from him de- 
scended Rev. Paul Dean, formerly of Boston 
and afterward of Easton, Massachusetts, who 
published a course of lectures on the "Final 
Restoration of All Men" and various occa- 
sional sermons ; also of Amos Dean, of Al- 
bany, New York, who was author of "Phil- 
osophy of Human Life" and other notable 

works. 5. Margaret, married Shaw. 

6. Ephraim, married Mary Allen, of Reho- 

(III) Ezra (2), eldest son of Ezra (i) and 
Bethiah (Edson) Dean, was born in Taunton, 
October 14, t68o, died there July i, 1727. He 
was a physician and practiced in Taunton. 
The Rev. Samuel Danforth, of Taunton, who 
died November 14, 1727, is said to have prac- 
ticed the healing art in that town, and if so 
he and Dr. Dean were contemporaries in 
their labors. Dr. Dean married (first) Abi- 
gail, daughter of Captain James Leonard, and 
(second) Abigail Bretnell. He had in all six- 
teen children, whose united ages reached 
one thousand three hundred and seven vears. 
Eleven of the family lived more than one 
thousand years, and one of them, Theo- 
dora, lived to see her descendants to the 
fifth generation. Dr. Ezra Dean's chil- 
dren: I. Ezra, born October 30. 1706; at- 



tained the age of eighty-nine years ; married 
Silence Danforth. 2. Stephen, September 
29, 1708, died October 19, 1749. 3. Theo- 
dora, December 31, 1712, died January 14, 
1813, aged one hundred years and fourteen 
days ; married, February 5, 1734, Major Rich- 
ard Godfrey, of Taunton. 4. Abigail, at- 
tained the age of ninety-tive years ; married 
Caleb Walker. 5. Bethiah, attained the age 
of ninety-six years ; married Stephen French, 
of Rehoboth. 6. Nehemiah, attained the age 
of ninety years. 7. James, 1717, died 1803. 8. 
Solomon, died aged sixty years. 9. Nathan- 
iel. 10. Seth. 1 1. Elkanah, died aged eigh- 
ty-seven years. 12. Prudence, died aged 

eighty years; married Hayward. 13. 

Elisha, died aged eighty-three years ; mar- 
ried (first) ;\Iolly Wood, (second) Molly Dur- 
fee. 14. William, 1731 ; married Lydia Leon- 
ard. 15. George, see forward. 16. Esther, 
1733; married (first) Higgins, (sec- 
ond) Robert Grossman. 

(IN) George, second child of Dr. Ezra (2) 
Dean, was born in Taunton, about 1728, died 
February 20, 1814, in Taunton, at the age of 
€ighty-six years. He married Tabitha Cross- 
man ; had two sons, George, married 
Wealthy Dean, and Abiathar, see forward. 

(\') Abiathar, son of George and Tabitha 
(Grossman) Dean, was born September 30, 
1768, in Taunton, Massachusetts, died at 
Keene, New Hampshire, at the home of his 
son, George Grossman Dean, October 2, 
1832. He was a physician of the old school, 
and used to ride on horseback and carry his 
medicines in saddle-bags. He married Free- 
love, of Winchester, New Hampshire, daugh- 
ter of Daniel and Thankful (Bennett) Haw- 
kins, born June 4, 1773, died April 16, 1829, 
at the home of her son, Daniel H. Dean, in 
Lowell, Massachusetts. Children: i. Wil- 
liam Augustus, born March 25, 1793, in St. 
Johnsbury, Vermont. 2. Stephen Hawkins, 
April 23, 1796, St. Johnsbury. 3. Frinda, Au- 
gust 22, 1798, St. Johnsbury. 4. George 
Grossman, see forward. 5. Thurza Maria, 
]\Iay 4, 1802, in Winchester, New Hampshire. 
6. Daniel, died young. 7. Daniel Hawkins, 
June 16, 1805. 8. Weltha Grossman, January 
27, 1807. Q- Horace Gomstock, October 18, 

(\T) George Grossman, son of Abiather 
and Freelove (Hawkins) Dean, was born 
June 16, 1800, died October 2, 1835, in Keene, 
New Hampshire. He married, June 16, 1819, 
at Lancaster, Massachusets, Dolly, born 
March 8, 1797, died in Constableville, New 

York, July 24, 1856, daughter of Thomas and 
Isabel (Phelps) Bennett. She married (sec- 
ond) February 15, 1855, Ebenezer Wheeler. 
Children: i. George Berinett, see forward. 
2. Frances Porter, wife of Paige Lovejoy ; 
died in Constableville, New York. 3. Henry 
Augustus, died at Council Bluffs, Iowa, 1857. 
4. Martha Priscilla, wife of John Dutcher ; 
died at Trenton, New Y'ork. 5. Cornelia Isa- 
bel, married Richard Morrill ; lived at Du- 
buque, Iowa. 6. Horace Gomstock, resided 
in Hastings, Nebraska. 7. Thomas Abiathar 
resided in Sandwich, Illinois. 8. Daniel Haw- 
kins, settled at Princeton, Illinois. 

(\TI) George Bennett, eldest child of 
George Grossman and Dolly (Bennett) Dean, 
was born April 22, 1820, in Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts, and on account of the death of his 
father was early compelled to start out and 
make his own way in life. He first learned 
the tailor's trade with an uncle, who died in 
1909, at the advanced age of one hundred 
years. Having learned the trade, and becom- 
ing a practical workman, he went to Constable- 
ville, New York, and worked there for several 
years ; during the dull seasons of each year he 
turned his hand to house painting, for he al- 
ways was an industrious young man and 
possessed the same spirit of determination 
which characterized the lives of several of his 
ancestors. Mr. Dean married Caroline, daugh- 
ter of Peultha Clark, one of the pioneers of 
Constableville, and who removed to that town 
from East Granby, Connecticut, taking his 
family and household effects in a wagon 
drawn by a team of oxen. Mr. Dean's mar- 
riage took place in Constableville, in the open 
air under a plum tree. 

(\ III) Wilbert T., son of George Bennett 
and Caroline (Clark) Dean, was born in Con- 
stableville. New York, December 21, 1845. 
At the early age of fourteen years he was 
compelled to assume full care of himself, his 
education and maintenance. He gained a good 
education in the common schools of his native 
town, then learned the trade of painting, and 
at the age of twenty years was engaged in 
business for himself. He made his home in 
Constableville until 1873, ^"d then removed 
to Holyoke, Massachusetts, and entered into 
a partnership with his brother-in-law, William 
F. Wheelock. After twenty-one years of 
profitable business association the firm was 
dissolved and since that time, 1894, Mr. Dean 
has continued in business alone. During the 
more than thirty-five years of his residence in 
Holyoke, Mr. Dean has engaged in active pur- 



suits, and in that respect his efforts have been 
rewarded with gratifying success. During this 
same period he has been somewhat closely 
identified with events of political history in 
the city, and for many years has been looked 
upon as one of the leading Democrats of the 
region. In 1882-83, he was a member of the 
city board of aldermen, and in 1884 was elect- 
ed representative to the general court by a 
majority of over one hundred votes in a dis- 
trict that is normally Republican from three 
hundred to five hundred. He has served five 
years as member of the city park commission, 
and was chosen civil service examiner. He is a 
member of the several subordinate Masonic 
bodies up to the commandery. On October 31, 
1865, Mr. Dean married Julia M., daughter of 
Cyril and Amelia (Clark) Davis, of Suffield, 
Connecticut. Of the nine children born of this 
marriage four are now deceased. Those who 
grew to maturity are : F. Daisy, Lena, George 
Howard, Blanche and Lula Dean. 

Among the Smiths who came to 
SMITH New England was a family of 
four brothers and one sister. 
Their names were : Christopher, who lived 
in Northampton and died childless. Joseph, 
who lived in Hartford and was the father of 
a large family. Simon, place of residence un- 
known, William, see forward. Mary, married 
William Partridge, of Hartford and Hadley. 
Mary in her will names her four brothers. Their 
father may have come to this country, but his 
name is unknown. There was a William 
Smith at Wethersfield who it is supposed was 
the same as the William who afterward lived 
in Farmington. 

(I) William Smith was an early settler in 
Farmington, and in 1657 united with the 
church in that town under the Rev. Samuel 
Hooker. His wife Elizabeth bore him the fol- 
lowing named children: i. Jonathan, born 
January, 1647. 2. Jobana, January. 1649; 
was slain at Hatfield, May 30, 1676. by the In- 
dians ; he was a soldier sent up from Connec- 
ticut; he had no family. 3. Susanna, March, 
1651. 4. and 5. Elizabeth and Mehitable, 
twins, May, 1653. 6. Joseph, August, 1655. 
7. Benjamin, April. 1658, see forward. 8. 
William, April, 1661. 9. Samuel, May, 1663. 
William Smith ("father) died December, 1669 
or 1670. His wife Elizabeth made her will 
November 15. 1676, and died in 1678, at which 
time si.x children were living, as follows : Jon- 
athan, Joseph, Benjamin, Samuel, Susanna, 

(IIj Benjamin, fourth son of William and 
Elizabeth Smith, of Farmington, born April, 
1658, settled in Westfield, removed to West 
Springfield, somewhere about Paucatuck, in 
1685. He was taxed for forty-three acres of 
land had of Major Pynchon valued at ten 
pounds and ten shillings. He married (first) 
Ruth Judd Loomis, daughter of Samuel and 
Elizabeth Loomis. Their children, born in 
Westfield, were: i. William, not recorded; 
married, possibly, Sarah Miller, born March 
15, 1700. 2. Ruth, born February 8, 1685; 
married, ]\Iay i, 1714, Samuel Taylor, born 
April 6, 1686. 3. Benjamin Jr., February 14, 
1687 ; married Alary Bedortha, born Septem- 
ber 19, 1691. 4. Samuel, August 24, 1689, 
died 1725 : married Irene Bedortha, born June 
20. 1696 : they left one son, Samuel. 5. Eliza- 
beth, February 14, 1693 ; married Ebenezer 
Miller Jr., born ^Nlarch 11, 1692. 6. Rachel, 
1694: married Samuel Morgan. 7. Jonathan, 
1697, see forward. 8. Job, 1700, married 
Martha Bedortha. born July 15, 1703. 9. 
Mary, 1703; married Ebenezer Day: had one 
child, Ebenezer Jr. Air. Smith married (sec- 
ond) Hannah Phelps, born Hebron, Connecti- 
cut, 1706. He died about 1738. In his will 
he names his wife Hannah ; heirs of daughter 
Ruth, who was deceased: Samuel, son of his 
son Samuel, deceased: and William, Benja- 
min, Elizabeth, Rachel, Jonathan, Job and 
Alary. His will was made in 1735 and proved 
in 1738. 

(Ill) Jonathan, fourth son of Benjamin 
and Ruth (Loomis) Smith, married Alargaret, 
daughter of Samuel Ball. Their children, pre- 
vious to Air. Ball's will made in 1746, were: i. 
Jonathan. 2. David, see forward. 3. Solo- 
mon. 4. Caleb. 5. Daniel. 6. Alargaret, 
married Stephen Aliller and died July 2, 1789, 
aged eighty-five years. 7. Simeon, married 
Xabby Warner, of Hadley, Alassachusetts. 

(I\') David, second son of Jonathan and 
Alargaret (Ball) Smith, born August 12, 1731, 
died September 24, 1804. He married Alar- 
garet Day, born Alay 10, 1730, died June 14, 
1803, daughter of Ebenezer Day. Their chil- 
dren were: i. David, born June 21, 1757, died 
July 24. 1814. 2. Asaph, Alarch 15, 1759, 
died August 17. 1760. 3. Alargaret, Septem- 
ber 17, 1761, died August 20, 1848; married 
Simeon Ely. 4- Thankful. June 20, 1766, died 
September 25, 1842: married Levi Ely Jr., son 
of Captain Levi Ely. 5. Lydia. July 3, 1769, 
died October 24, 1853. unmarried. 6. Seth, 
Alarch 13, 1773, died September, 1849: mar- 



ried Eunice Rice, born September i8, 1784, 
died August 24, 1854. 

(\") David (2j, eldest cliild of David (i) 
and Margaret (Day) Smith, born June 21, 
1757, died July 24, 1814. He was a drummer 
and fifer boy in the revolutionary war, enlist- 
ing July, 1780. and serving in Colonel Brown's 
regiment under Captain Levi Ely, and at the 
battle of Stone Arabia, New York, October 
19, 1780, became nearly exhausted and was 
injured for life by the long run of four or five 
miles in the retreat. The men were ambushed 
and fired upon by three hundred each of Brit- 
ish, Tories and Indians. Colonel Brown was 
killed and so was Captain Levi Ely and about 
sixty men of the regiment. William Howard 
Smith, grandson of David Smith, has in his 
possession a letter written by his grandfather, 
David Smith Jr. at Schenectady while going to 
Ft. Paris dated August 16, 1780. After the 
war Mr. Smith returned to his home at Pauca- 
tuck, (West Springfield) and died there on 
the very spot which his ancestors had pur- 
chased in 1685. Mr. Smith married Naomi 
Howard, of Chicopee, and among their chil- 
dren was a son David, see forward. Mr. 
Smith died July 24, 1814, aged fifty-seven 
years; his wife died March 31, 1814, aged 
forty-seven years. 

(VI) David (3), son of David (2) and 
Naomi (Howard) Smith, was born March 19, 
1803. died April 9, 1875. He was apprenticed 
in 1817 to Spencer Flower, of Feeding Hills, 
as a wheelwright. In the autumn of 1824 he 
engaged in the services of G. & H. Francis, of 
Hartford, and in the spring of 1827 engaged 
in business on his own account at what is now 
the corner of Main and Park streets, Spring- 
field, Massachusetts. He married Harriet Grif- 
fin, daughter of Captain Micah Griffin, of 
West Sufifield. She died Alarch 5. 1870, aged 
sixty-nine years. Among their children was 
a son \\'illiam Howard, see forward. 

(VH) William Howard, son of David (3) 
and Harriet (Griffin) Smith, was born in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, November 24, 
1832. He was educated in the public schools, 
and early in life engaged in the carriage busi- 
ness, becoming the proprietor of the extensive 
carriage manufactory on the death of his 
father, which business was established in 1827 
and has been continued to the present time 
(1909). George H. Hubbell is now associated 
with Mr. Smith. ]\Ir. Smith served the city 
as alderman, performing the duties of said 
office in a highly creditable and efficient man- 
ner. Through the liberal gifts and persevering 

efforts of both Mr. Smith and his father Grace 
Methodist Episcopal Church was organized in 
1867 and the building dedicated in 1875. Mr. 
Smith is a member of the Sons of the Ameri- 
can Revolution and of Hampden Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons. He is a Republican in 
politics. Air. Smith married Martha Young, 
daughter of the Rev. Mark Trafton ; she died 
November 16, 1862, in Springfield. They were 
the parents of one child, Minnie Lee, born in 
Springfield, October 5, 1859, "^'ed there April 
29, 1907; she married, October 9, 1889, Nor- 
man N. Fowler, born in Agawam, Massachu- 
setts, educated in common schools, Springfield 
high school and at Yale College. Shortly after- 
ward he engaged in the manufacture of glazed 
paper and is now (1909) secretary of the 
Hampden Glazed Paper Company. ]\lr. and 
Mrs. Fowler were the parents of three chil- 
dren : Constance. William Smith and Roger 
W. Fowler. 

(For first generations see Thomas Sawyer 1). 

(II) Nathaniel Sawyer, son of 
SAWYER Thomas Sawyer, was born in 

Lancaster, September 24, 
1670. died in Sterling. November 10. 1756. 
The christian name of his first wife was ]\Iary 
and that of his second wife was Elizabeth. 
His children were: i. Amos, born June 20, 
1693. 2. Nathaniel, see forward. 3. Ephraim. 
4. Samuel, 1698, died in 1784. 5. Ezra, 1702. 

6. John. 7. Alanassah. 8. Thomas, 171 1, 
died in 1787. 9. Phineas. 10. Eunice. 

(Ill) Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel (i) 
Sawyer, was born in Lancaster, and spent the 
last years of his life in that part of the town 
called Sterling, Alay 19, 1734, he married 
Mary Houghton: children: i. Oliver, born 
July 7. 1735, died young. 2. Mary, January. 
^7?>7- .?• Elizabeth, July, 1741, died in in- 
fancy. 4. Elizabeth. July, 1742. 5. Nathaniel. 
see forward. 6. Thankful, October 8, 1752. 

7. Jonathan, killed by the Indians. 

(I\') Nathaniel (3), son of Nathaniel (2) 
Sawyer, was born in that part of Lancaster 
which is now Sterling, February 21, 1744, 
died in Stow, [Massachusetts. He was a pros- 
perous farmer. October 30, 1771. he married 
Catherine Ellis, born in Lancaster, Septem- 
ber 28, 1748. Children: i. Oliver, born in 
May, 1772. 2. Dolly. November 8, 1773. 3. 
Mary. November 12, 1775. 4. Jonathan, see 
forward. 5. Nathaniel. January 8, 1780. 6. 
Catherine, March, 1782. 7. Cynthia, March 
1784. 8. Alpheus, Tune, 1786. 9. John, Oc- 
tober, 1788. 



(V) Jonathan, son of Nathaniel (3) Sawyer, 
was born in Lancaster, March, 1778. For 
some time he resided in Boston, where for 
many years he followed the cooper's trade, 
and his death occurred in Medford, Massa- 
chusetts, August 7, 183 1. He married in Bos- 
ton, April 29, 1819, Mary Crane Wild, born 
in Braintree, IMassachusetts, November 29, 
1796, died in Campello, Massachusetts, Octo- 
ber 21, 1890, at the advanced age of ninety- 
three years. She was a daughter of Silas and 
Abigail (Thayer) Wild, of Braintree, and a 
descendant of John 'Wild, an early settler in 
that town, through Jonathan (2), Silas (3) and 
Silas (4). Silas (4) Wild was born January 
13, 1762, died October 11, 1828. He married 
(first) March 2, 1785, Abigail Thayer, daugh- 
ter of James and Deborah (Arnold) Thayer. 
She was born February 4, 1761, died Janu- 
arv 8, 1803. He married (second) June 30, 
1808, Deborah, widow of William Hayden 
and daughter of John and Jane Noyes. She 
was born about 1753, died September 12, 
1845. His children, all of his first union, were : 
I. Silas, born January 23, 1787. 2. James 
Thaver, September 16, 1788, died May 10, 
1845. 3- Abigail, June 17, 1792. 4. Elisha, 
1794. 5. Betsey, March 31, 1795, died July 

8, 1855. 6. Mary Crane, November 21, 1796; 
married Jonathan Sawyer. 7. John Alden, 
September 12, 1798. 8. Lydia, May 3, 1800. 

9. Washington, May 5, 1802. 10. Adams, 
May 5, 1802 (twins), died January 29, 1803. 
The children of Jonathan and Mary Crane 
(Wild) Sawyer: i. George, born July 26. 
1823 ; married (first) Susan Fames ; (second) 
Lois Knight. 2. Warren, see forward. 3. 
Marv Elizabeth, September 19, 1827, married 
Jonas R. Perkins ; died February, 1909. 

(VI) Warren, son of Jonathan Sawyer, was 
born in Boston, May 23, 1825. His educa- 
tional opportunities were confined to the pub- 
lic school system in vogue during his boy- 
hood, and that the instruction thus afforded 
was both ample and excellent is sufficiently 
attested by his successful career. In 1839, 
when but fourteen years of age, he began his 
business training in an extensive wholesale 
leather establishment in Boston, and in an 
unusually short period he rose from a subor- 
dinate position to one of responsibility and 
trust. In 1849 his practical experience, am- 
bition for advancement and perfect confi- 
dence in his own ability to succeed, prompted 
him to engage in the leather trade on his own 
account, and for more than twenty years he 
transacted a wholesale business, from which 
he withdrew in 1870. He did not, however, 

wholly relinquish his business activities, as 
for many years afterward he was prominent- 
ly identified with the financial interests of 
Boston, and he rendered valuable assistance 
in forwarding the welfare of the various en- 
terprises with which he was associated. May 
3, 1865, the Everett National Bank of Bos- 
ton was organized under the then recently 
enacted national banking law, sixteen promi- 
nent citizens, among whom was Warren 
Sawyer, obtaining its charter on March 8, of 
that year, and each subscriber for one hun- 
dred shares at one hundred dollars per share. 
Mr. Sawyer became a member of its first 
board of directors and the following year 
was chosen its second president, retaining 
that position until 1893, when he resigned. He 
continued to serve as a director, however, 
and when he retired from the board in 1897 
he had outserved every one of its original 
members. He was also one of the organizers 
and for many years a director of the Boston 
Pennv Savings Bank, was a director of the 
New England Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
panv, and having invested extensively in the 
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railway, was 
a director of that corporation from 1877 to 
1882, and again from 1884 to 1890. He was 
largelv instrumental in organizing the New 
England Shoe and Leather Manufacturers' 
Association, of which he was the first treasur- 
er, and at the general gathering of influential 
Boston merchants held at the Revere House 
on the evening of July 3, 1869, with that end 
in view, he was one of the principal speakers. 
In his religious belief he is a Unitarian. In 
politics he is a Republican, but has not been 
active in civic afifairs, neither has he aspired 
to public office. Since his retirement from ac- 
tive business pursuits he has passed the 
greater portion of his time at his pleasant 
home at Welleslev Hills. 

Mr. Sawver married (first) Mary E. Fuller, 
who died August 30, 1852: (second) Rachel 
Alphia Fuller, who died October 14, 1872; 
(third) Ellen Reed White, born in Waterville, 
Maine, October 27, 1843. Children: i. Fan- 
nv Fuller, born October 15, 1851 : married 
Walter L. Hayes, in Boston ; one child, Mary 
Sawyer. 2. Herbert, November 26, 1855; in 
business in Enosburg Falls, \'ermont. 3. 
Mary Cummings, March 28, 1864. 

Samuel Holmes, the first of 
HOLMES this family of whom we have 

record, died in Marshfield, 
Massachusetts. It is said that he came to 
Marshfield when a young man with documents 

/fOAt^i^ j^e^^^. 



concerning a legacy to the Phillips family of 
Marshfield, and married and settled there. He 
was a thrifty and successful farmer, acquiring 
considerable property, his homestead being 
known as Holmes Corner. He married Eliza- 
beth Sherman. Children: i. Eliza, born Jan- 
uary 6, 1801 : married Charles Ewell : chil- 
dren: John, George, Arthur, Samuel and El- 
vira. 2. William, see forward. 3. Mary, 
January i, 1805. 4. Sarah, March 6, 1807. 
5. Thomas, August 13, 1809; children: Em- 
ma ; Elizabeth, married Charles Adams ; JNIary, 
married Nathan Hopkins. 6. Jane, July 8, 
1812; married, 1829, Zenas Ewell: children: 
Frederick Holmes, born May 18. 1842 ; ^lary ; 
Isaiah Alonzo; Susan, married George Leon- 
ard; Zenas; Amanda, born July 12, 1849. /■ 
Harriet, March 11, 1815; married John Hath- 
away ; children : John, William and Harriet. 8. 
Susan, married Enoch Pratt ; child, Enoch. 

(H) William, eldest son and second child 
of Samuel and Elizabeth (Sherman) Holmes, 
was born in Marshfield, ^Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 22, 1802, died in the same town, De- 
cember 12, 1859. He acquired a common 
school education and assisted in the cultivation 
of the farm of his father. In early manhood 
he went to East Boston and served an appren- 
ticeship to the trade of ship's carpenter. This 
was in the days when seven years were con- 
sidered the proper time for learning a trade. 
He worked in various ship yards, also in Med- 
ford, Massachusetts, and the Charlestown 
navy yard, but considered none of these places 
as his residence, and returned to Marshfield 
each week. He was thus employed until 1857 
when he retired from active work. During 
this time, with the assistance of his sons, he 
also managed a farm of twenty acres, which 
he had purchased at Marshfield, this property 
later passing into the possession of his son Al- 
bert. He was of an amiable and social dispo- 
sition and possessed in a strong degree the 
courage of his convictions. He and his family 
were attendants at the Unitarian church at 
Marshfield Hills. In politics he was at first a 
Whig, and was one of the first to Join the Re- 
publican party. He married, February 14, 
1830, Susan, born in Yarmouth, Massachu- 
setts, November 5, 1809, died in Marshfield, 
March 5, 1894, daughter of Allen and Lydia 
Farris. Children : i. William Allen, born Jan- 
uary 4, 1831, died April 17, 1900; married 
Jane M. Bolton ; children : i. William Austin ; 
ii. Annie Farris, married Millard George; 
children : Doris and Edna. 2. Susan Eliza- 
beth, October 6, 1832, died November 6, 1906; 

married Marcellus W. Rogers ; children : i. 
Osborne, married Caroline Currier ; children : 
Muriel and Osborne; ii. Howard: iii. Mabel, 
married Newell Trickey ; child, John ; iv. 
\\'ales, died at the age of twenty-two years ; v. 
Olive, married Henry \\'. Wright ; child, Liv- 
ingstone : vi. Elizabeth. 3. Albert, February 
8, 1837: married, July 11, 1858, Mary Esther 
Carpenter ; children : i. Frederick Albert, born 
January 4, 1861 : married, October 2, 1887, 
Alice S. Damon : child. Doris, born March i, 
1906 : ii. Charles Burton, born February 22, 
1866, died January 11, 1903; iii. William 
Henry, born November 15. 1870; married 
(first) Florence McLaughlin: children: Ruth 
and Charles Burton; married (second) Olive 
Russell ; iv. Herbert Hartman, born October 
16, 1872; married, August, 1906, Martha M. 
\\'hite. 4. Henry Wallace, August 11, 1841, 
died December 21, 1867; married Lucy Nich- 
ols. 5. Osborne Farris, April i, died Septem- 
ber 19, 1846. 6. Joseph Crowell, see forward. 
(Ill) Joseph Crowell, youngest child of 
William and Susan (Farris) Holmes, was 
born in Marshfield, Massachusetts, September 
16, 1851. He was educated in the common 
schools of his native town and this training 
was supplemented by a course in the private 
school of Colonel Hiram Oakman. In 1867 
he entered Phillips Academy, Exeter, remain- 
ed there one year and then spent some time in 
teaching. He entered the employ of the Bos- 
ton Five Cent Savings Bank in 1869, and was 
gradually advanced until he was appointed as- 
sistant treasurer in 1890: served in this capac- 
ity until 1896, when by a vote of the trustees 
he was made treasurer, an ofiice he now holds. 
Mr. Holmes resides in Park avenue, Arlington 
Heights, Massachusetts, where he purchased 
a part of the old Penn property, and his resi- 
dence commands a magnificent outlook. He is 
decidedly Republican in his political views, 
has served his party as delegate to various con- 
ventions, has been a member of the school 
committee of Arlington, a trustee of the Rob- 
bins Public Library, and served for two years 
in the Fourth Battalion, Boston Tigers. He is 
a member of the Massachusetts Savings Bank 
Treasurers* Club and of Boston Council, 
Royal Arcanum. His religious affiliations are 
with the Park Avenue Congregational Church, 
which he has served as a member of the stand- 
ing committee and as treasurer of the insti- 
tution. He married, at Arlington, September 
fi, 1877, Mary Alice, born April 10, 1856. 
daughter of \Villiam and Alice Maria Lloyd, 
of Boston, the former at one time a glass' man- 



ufacturer, later a car builder for the Boston 
and Albany railroad. Children : Charles Lloyd, 
see forward, Joseph Edwin, see forward. 

(IV) Charles Lloyd, elder child of Joseph 
Crowell and Mary Alice ( Lloyd j Holmes, was 
born in Arlington Heights, Massachusetts, 
September 3, 1878. His educational training 
was received in the public and high schools of 
Arlington, and in 1897 he found employment 
with the Boston Five Cent Savings Bank, in 
which he has served as clerk since that time. 
He is a member of Dr. Little's Second Con- 
gregational Church, having joined in 1907, and 
in his political views is independent with 
strong Republican tendencies. He married, 
September 6, 1904, Edith Thayer Capen, of 
Dorchester, Massachusetts. Children : Vir- 
ginia Capen, born June 16, 1905 ; Alice, Oc- 
tober 19, 1906; Charles Lloyd Jr., February 
10, 1908. 

(IV) Joseph Edwin, younger son of Joseph 
Crowell and Mary Alice (Lloyd) Holmes, was 
born at Arlington Heights. Alassachusetts, 
February 11, 1880. He was educated in the 
public schools of that town and at Dartmouth 
College, from which institution he was gradu- 
ated in 1902 with the degree of A. B. In the 
fall of that year he entered the employment 
of the Old Colony Trust Company of Boston, 
where he remained for three years. He then 
accepted a position with Bond & Goodwin, 
bankers of Boston, where he is now employed 
as a salesman. He is a Republican in politics. 

(For ancestry see p. 470 et seq.). 

(V) Wvman, son of 
RICHARDSON John and Elizabeth 

Richardson, born at At- 
tleboro. May 13, 1746, married. October 31, 
1771, Ruth Lane, born at Norton, Massachu- 
setts, December i, 1752. They removed to 
Swanzey, New Hampshire, October, 1779. 
His wife died at Acworth, New Hampshire, 
January 2, 1835. He died October 14, 1839, 
at the age of ninety-three years. Children : i. 
Ruth, born August 8, 1772. 2. Orra, twin of 
Ruth. 3. Azubah, February 8, 1775, died at 
Acworth, New Hampshire, August, 1838. 4. 
Wyman, see forward. 5. Elhanah, June 9, 
1780. died at Stow, Ohio, January 8, 1836. 6. 
Stephen, June 4. 1783. 7. Luna, May 10, 
1785, died July 11, 1824. 8. Ruth, September 
18, 1878. 9. Calvin, July 17, 1790, died at 
Wolcott, Vermont, July 12, 1828. 10. Lucy, 
1793. died at Newfane. Vermont, May, 1830. 
II. Sophia, July 8, 1796, died at Swanzey, 
New Hampshire, September 25, 1813. 12. 

Esther, April 2j, 1799, died at Newfane, May 
12, 1833. 

(VI) Wyman (2), son of Wyman ( i) and 
Ruth Richardson, born at Attleboro, June 
ID, 1777, married at Richmond. New Hamp- 
shire, October 22, 1802, Deliverance, daugh- 
ter of Elder Nathaniel Bolles, of Rochester 
and Richmond, New Hampshire, born at 
Richard, July 23, 1782. Wyman Richardson 
learned the blacksmith's trade from his father 
who was also a proficient cooper, and worked 
at both trades. He died February 26. 1868, 
aged ninety years. His wife died August 11, 
1870. Children: I. W'yman, see forward. 2. 
Nathaniel, born December 21, 1804, married 
Eurelia Young. 3. Delia, April 23, 1807; 
married Hiram Boardman. 4. Luna Bolles, 
December 2"], 1809; married Mary Kimball. 
5. Thankful, January 17, 1813 ; married Than 
Lord ; five children. 6. Almira, October 16,. 
1817; married Jonathan Goodell ; one son, 
Jonathan. 7. Nathan Henry, May 31, 1823; 
married Martha Ann Barber. 8. Phebe So- 
phia, April 19, 1826; married Lorenzo N. 
Hewes ; seven children. 

(VII) Wyman (3), son of Wyman (2) and 
Deliverance Richardson, born at Swanzey, 
New Hampshire, March 5, 1803, married at 
Athol, Massachusetts, August 13, 1827, Are- 
thusa Southwick (Lee), born at Shutesbury, 
Massachusetts, March 6, 1809. They settled 
at Corinth. \'ermont, where the three eldest 
children were born, then removed to Athol 
and Fitchburg, Massachusetts. They resided 
at Barre, Petersham and Boston. At Peter- 
sham he was superintendent of a button fac- 
tory which was burned in 1847, when the 
familv moved to a part of Barre known as 
Smithville, from the name of the mill owner, 
John Smith, whose machinery Richardson 
was put in charge of, after being employed 
first as a machine hand. In 1850 David J. 
Foster, one of the proprietors of the button 
factory that was burned at Petersham, opened 
a new shop in Boston, and Richardson, to- 
gether with his sons, moved thither to work 
for him. After a few years in Boston, Rich- 
ardson moved to Fitchburg and went into 
business as a rattan manufacturer, his sons 
working for him. Their children were: i. 
Solon Oscar, born July 3, 1828 ; married Nan- 
cy Nichols Fairbanks; died March 31, 1872. 
2. Seneca Merrill, December 5, 1829 ; mar- 
ried Emily D. Earle : Worcester ; was partner 
in manufacturing firm of Wetherbee, Rugg & 
Richardson ; had daughter, Harriet. 3. Ly- 
man Collins, November 26, 1831, never mar- 



ried ; located on Pacific coast : was in British 
service. 4. William Augustus, December 20, 
1833, see forward. 5. Charles Oswald, No- 
vember 13, 1839, died at Athol, September 26, 

(\'III) William Augustus, son of Wyman 
(3) and Arethusa Richardson, was born at 
Athol, Massachusetts, December 20, 1833. 
When the family moved to Barre, William A. 
was seven years old, and there he obtained 
most of his schooling, though for a time he 
attended school at Petersham. His first 
work was in the mill at Smithville as a ma- 
chine hand. He work at the various branches 
of the machinist's trade with and for his fath- 
er, becoming a machinist of extraordinary 
skill. He went with his father to Foster's 
button factory, in Boston, and was with him 
in his rattan factory at Fitchburg. In i860 
he went to Waltham as an expert machinist 
for the American Watch Company. In 1863 
he started in business for himself in New 
York, manufacturing rattan goods, but after 
one year gave it up and entered the employ 
of Ball & Williams, gun manufacturers, at 
Worcester. Later he went into the factory of 
Frank Wesson, at W^orcester, to manufacture 
pistols under the patents of Gilbert H. Har- 
rington, who subsequently became a partner 
of ]Mr. Richardson, and whom he met there 
for the first time. In 1874 the foundation of 
the Harrington & Richardson Arms Com- 
panv was made, in a partnership between 
William A. Richardson and Gilbert H. Har- 
rington, to manufacture guns. The settled in 
quarters at 18 Manchester street, but these 
soon were too small and they moved to 31 
Hermon street, where they continued until 
March i. 1894, enlarging their factory from 
time to time as business grew. The firm of 
Harrington & Richardson were exclusive 
manufacturers of the celebrated Anson & 
Deely hammerless gun, the first of its kind 
made in this country, from 1880 to 1887. 
They secured a patent in April, 1887, for the 
safety hammerless gun, and in October of 
same year patented the cylinder catch which 
is still used. They took out a design patent in 
1889, applying to stocks, and in 1895 a patent 
applying to a lever springs. They own other 
valuable patents. In January, 1888, the firm 
was incorporated as The Harrington & Rich- 
ardson Arms Company. The capital was 
$75,000. Mr. Harrington was president, Mr. 
Richardson, treasurer, and George F. Brooks 
secretarv. Since the death of the two part- 

ners Air. Brook has been the manager. The 
present handsome building was built in 1893- 
94. It is a five story brick structure, situated 
at the corner of the Boulevard and Chandler 
street. In 1900-01 large additions were made 
to the factory. It now covers 100,000 square 
feet, and about five hundred hands are em- 
ployed. No more attractive building archi- 
tecturally has been built for manufacturing in 
this city of many mills and factories. N(5 
more prosperous and well-ordered business is 
to be found in New England. It is one of the 
shops to which Worcester people point with 
pride, and it constitutes perhaps the most 
substantial and enduring monument to the 
mechanical skill and business sagacity of Mr. 
Richardson and his partner. Mr. Richard- 
son's skill and love for the mechanics must 
have been largely inherited from his ances- 
tors, who were blacksmiths and machinist. He 
was conceded to be one of the most skillful 
machinists in the state. Personally Mr. 
Richardson was a careful, unostentatious 
man, generous with his wealth, but preferring 
domestic life above all things. He was a 
member of no societies or clubs. He was a 
member and trustee of the First Universalist 
Church, and was liberal in his gifts to church- 
es and charities. He gave a large sum to All 
Soul's Church. Since his death his widow has 
continued to donate as she thinks he would 
have done had his life been spared. She re- 
centlv gave to St. Lawrence University, of 
which Rev. Dr. Gunnison, formerly pastor of 
the First Universalist Church, is president, a 
gift of $10,000. Mr. Richardson was a Re- 
publican in politics. The dominant charac- 
teristics of Mr. Richardson were those of most 
self-made men — untiring energy and tenacity ; 
he stuck to an idea, and followed up a pro- 
ject to the end. He took an honorable satis- 
faction in the knowledge that his success in 
life had come without outside aid. His only 
capital was his skillful hands at the start. He 
never would accept his wife's fortune to aid 

Mr. Richardson married Mary Ann Cow- 
en, daughter of Captain Robert and Ann (Til- 
den) Cowen. Her father was an eminent 
shipmaster at Plymouth, Massachusetts. 
Thev had no children, but reared several. Mr. 
Richardson died November 21, 1897. Mrs. 
Richardson, who has been and is closely iden- 
tified with many prominent charities, lives at 
their handsome home, 921 Main street, Wor- 



The origin of the De Welles 
WELLS family of Lincolnshire, barons 
by summons to parliament, was 
in the Vaux (or Bank, or Bayeux, or de Val- 
libus) family of France, one of the most il- 
lustrious families known to history. The de- 
rivation is traced to the year 794, from which 
period they held the highest rank, personally 
and by royal intermarriages. It was founded 
in England after the conquest by Harold de 
Vaux (a near connection of William the con- 
queror), and his three sons, Barons Hubert, 
Ranulph and Robert, were all surnamed de 
Vallibus. The descent is through the young- 
er son, Robert, whose grandson, William, had 
four sons: Robert de Dalston, baron; Adam 
and William de Welles, of Lincolnshire, 1194; 
and Oliver de Vallibus, prior of Pentney Ab- 
bey. Adam de Welles died S. P. and his 
brother W' illiam thus became founder of that 
long line of noblemen of Lincolnshire, whose 
history is given in full by Dugdale in his 
standard work on "Baronage of England." 

Among the different branches of the Welles 
family in America are traditions of origin, 
varied, but not contradictory, nor inconsist- 
ent with each other. Thus the descendants of 
George (afterwards of Southampton, Long 
Island), Richard (afterwards of Salisbury, 
Massachusetts) and William (afterwards of 
Southold, Long Island), known as among 
the first settlers of Lynn, Massachusetts, 
1638, claim that there were three brothers 
came over together; also those from Isaac 
(of Barnstable, Massachusetts), Edward (of 
Boston) and Thomas (of Ipswich) have the 
same tradition ; also those of Hugh (of Hart- 
ford) (comtemporary 1636 to 1650) with Gov- 
ernor Thomas and John (his son) ; whilst the 
descendants of Joseph (of Boston, 1636) ; 
thence into Rhode Island, about 1640, at 
Wickford, state that he was the first emigrant 
of the family, fled about 1629 from London 
to avoid religious persecution and to save his 
life, and was soon followed by his seven sons 
or brothers who may reasonably be supposed 
to be all named above, viz : Isaac, Edward, 
Thomas Richard, George, William and Hugh, 
although there is no evidence of their consan- 

It is said by Albert Wells, the historian of 
this family, and who has more than any one 
else devoted himself to its study, that the ac- 
count of its ancestry is voluminous and very 
satisfactory, being of ancient origin (794) and 
of high rank in Normandy and England with 
royal intermarriages for over seven centur- 

ies, when the title and estates merged into 
the Willoughby and Dymoke families. 

From this English source came over in 
1636 Thomas Wells, who was the common 
ancestor of many of the Wells in this country. 
He was eminent among that band of worth- 
ies who planted in this western world the 
germs of civil and religious freedom. He 
was not only deputy governor but the gover- 
nor of Connecticut. He was elected one of 
the six magistrates first chosen at the organ- 
ization of the government at Hartford in 
Connecticut and annually re-elected until his 
death, a period of more than twenty years. 
The magistrates at that time constituted the 
highest legislature and judicial tribunal in the 
colony. In 1639, on the full organization of 
the colonial government, he was chosen treas- 
urer of the colony, the first ever elected. In 
1643 he was chosen secretar\' of the state. In 
1649 he was chosen as one of the two com- 
missioners to represent Connecticut in the 
confederation of the New England colonies. 

(I) Hugh Wells, born in the county of 
Essex, England, probably came to New Eng- 
land in the "Globe" in 1635. He was of Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, in 1636, and removed from 
that place to Wethersfield, where he died 
about 1645. His wife, whose name was 
Frances, survived him, and married (second) 
Thomas Coleman, of Hatfield, and died in 
March, 1698. Children : Thomas, Hugh, 
Mary and John. 

(II) Thomas, eldest child of Hugh and 
Frances Wells, was born about 1620, died Oc- 
tober or December, 1676. He evidently came 
with his father's family to America. He re- 
moved from Wethersfield to Hadley, 1659, 
as one of the "Engagers" to settle the latter 
town. He left a good estate in Wethersfield 
and Hadley, and house and lands in England. 
He married. May, 165 1, Mary, daughter of 
William Beardsley, of Hartford. She sur- 
vived him and married (second) June 25, 1678, 
Samuel Belding, of Hatfield. She died -Sep- 
tember 20, 1691, aged sixty. Children : Thom- 
as, Mary (died young), .Sarah, John (died 
young), Jonathan, John, Samuel, Mary, 
Noah, Hannah, Ebenezer, Daniel, Ephraim 
and Joshua. 

(III) Ebenezer, seventh son of Thomas 
and Mary (Beardsley) Wells, was born July 
20, 1669. He had a grant of a home lot and 
twenty acres on Green river, in 1688, on con- 
dition that he should occupy it three years af- 
ter he was twenty-one. How long he re- 
mained there cannot be told. He returned to 



Hatfield where he died. He married (first) 
December 4, 1690, Mary, daughter of Ser- 
geant Benjamin Waite, of Hatfield; (second) 
August 15, 1705, Sarah, daughter of Samuel 
Smith, widow of John Lawrence, who had 
been killed by Indians at Brookfield in 1694. 
Children : Ebenezer, Thomas, Joshua, Mar- 
tha, John, Jonathan and Mary. 

(IV) Jonathan, fifth son of Ebenezer and 
Mary (Waite) Wells, was born September 26, 
1702. He settled in Roadtown, went to Deer- 
field about 1754, and lived at Great River. He 
died in February, 1797, aged ninety-six. He 
married .\bigail, daughter of John Dickinson, 
of Hatfield. She died in Shelburne, at the 
house of Enoch Bardwell, in 1800, aged nine- 
ty-two. Children : Rebecca, Joseph, Abigail. 
Hepzibah, Martha, Asenath, John and Jona- 

(V) John, second son of Jonathan and 
Abigail (Dickinson) Wells, was born in Deer- 
field. April 25, 1756. He was known as "Bot- 
tle John" ; he lived at "Rocky Mountain" in 
1775 and later in a small house between the 
Street and Cheapside. Three persons named 
John Wells were soldiers from Deerfield in 
the revolutionary war. It is probable that the 
John Wells of this sketch was one of the 
three ; but without further knowledge of him 
it is impossible to determine which of the 
three records is his. He married (first) (pub- 
lished March 3, 1781 ) Desire Elliott, of 
Greenfield ; by another account he married a 
Burnham; (second) Margaret Griffin. Chil- 
dren : Horace, Martha, John, George, Sophia, 
Edward, Joseph, RTary and Rebecca. 

(VI) John (2), son of John (i) and De- 
sire (Elliott) \\'ells. was born about 1798, 
died July 27, 1855. He lived in Deerfield, 
Montague and Bernardston, and was a 
wheelwright and farmer. He married Lu- 
cinda, daughter of Israel and Rachel (Felt) 
Bagg. She was born in 1805 and died Feb- 
ruary 27, 1862, aged fifty-seven. Children: 
Charles William, George, John and Caroline. 
Caroline married Hosea .Aldrich and lived in 
New York state. 

(VII) Charles William, eldest child of 
John (2) and Lucinda (Bagg) Wells, was 
born 1836, died at North Leverett, Massachu- 
setts, August 16, 1867, of typhoid pneumonia. 
He was educated in the public schools, and at 
an early age began to work in his father's 
shop. Being a natural mechanic, he followed 
woodworking all his life. He resided some 
time at North Leverett, Franklin cnuiitv. and 
at Bernardston. He married Mart'ia Eliza- 

beth, born in 1832, died in 1883, daughter of 
Justin and Frizzell Salisbury, of Reading, 
Vermont, by whom he had two sons : Edwin 
Dwight, see forward, and Alfred Charles, 
born August 6, 1859. 

(VIII) Edwin Dwight, eldest son of 
Charles William and Martha Elizabeth (Salis- 
bury) Wells, was born in Bernardston, 
March 13, 1857. The death of his father com- 
pelled him to help himself. A hand printing 
press assisted him to earn the money to at- 
tend the academy at Bernardston. While con- 
fined to the house by injuries received in an 
accident, at the age of nineteen, he wrote and 
delivered a first prize oration on intemperance, 
which has since been extensively quoted and 
also published in full in a book gotten out by 
the St. Jerome Temperance Society of Hol- 
yoke. Until the age of twenty-four he re- 
mained on the farm, teaching school and cul- 
tivating the ground. In March, 1881, he left 
home with the sum of sixty dollars and a de- 
termination to learn the hardware business, 
and with that end in view went to Holyoke, 
securing work in a hardware store at three 
dollars a week. About one and a half vears 
later he entered the employ of J. Russell & 
Company, hardware dealers of Holyoke, with 
whom he remained about ten years. He left 
their employ to engage in business for himself, 
and now has one of the largest hardware 
stores in the city. For about si.xteen years he 
lived in South Hadley Falls, and while there 
served as chairman of the school board, and 
at his suggestion many lasting improvements 
were eftected. He removed to Holyoke in 
1902. He is president of the noted Men's 
class of the First Congregational Church in 
Holyoke, is a member of the Free and Accept- 
ed ]\Iasons, and a Republican in politics. For 
several years Mr. Wells has visited the West 
Indies in the winter season and has written 
and given interesting addresses on the coun- 
tries visited. 

Mr. Wells married (first) April 17, 1883, 
Estella R., daughter of Thomas J. Newcomb, 
of Bernardston, who survived but a short 
time. He married (second) May 4, 1886, 
Mary J., daughter of Lorenzo O. and Abbie 
Copley Wetmore. Children : Martha E., died 
at the age of three days. Edna Beatrice, born 
April 30, 1892, died March 10, 1893. Esther 
\'ivian, born April 27, 1894, died ]\Iay 26, 
1905. In February, 1908, Mr. Wells gave a 
beautiful statue of Apollo to the Highland 
grammar school of Holyoke. There were 
special exercises for the occasion, many promi- 



nent people taking part. Professor E. D. 
Scott, of Worcester, giving a most excellent 
address on Greek sculpture and art to a large 
audience. Mr. Wells has also given a li- 
brary to grade \T of the same school, both 
gifts being in memory of his daughter, Esther 

Old Strawberry Bank in the Ma- 
LANG sonian grants, whilom ycleped 
Laconia, now New Hampshire 
state, was the landfall of some fine old Eng- 
lish stock in the middle of the seventeenth 
century. The Masons were near to the 
throne, and the folk they spirited across the 
Atlantic to people their wooded domain in 
the new world were tradesmen, sons of 
tradesmen, and the artisan class. There were 
the Langdons. Sherburnes, Chattertons, Pud- 
dingtons, Bracketts, Walfords and Langs. 
They were not driven away by religious per- 
secution like the pilgrims ; it is a question if 
they had any religion at all. They were men 
commercially inclined, seeking to better 
their fortune in the new Eldorado. Among 
those who were thus induced to embark was 
a rnan of the name of John Lang ; whence he 
came, out of what conditions he issued, or 
of what quality he was, we know not for cer- 
tainty. But judging from the character of 
the emigrants who followed the Masonian 
proprietors, he was probably of the better 
class, and perhaps of London. The Langs 
were always strongly affected toward Massa- 
chusetts ; for did not old John Lang sign the 
petition to be annexed thereto. This rever- 
ence for things Massachusetts finally blos- 
somed into fruitage some generations later, 
when a descendant of John, the signer, 
packed his belongings, and shook the dust of 
Newtown plains from his moccasins and be- 
took himself to the favored land. The story 
of the Langs will now be taken up in more 
fulness of detail. 

(I) John Lang was at Strawberry bank, 
now Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in 1695. 
He signed the bond of his mother-in-law, 
Mary Brookin, who administered on her 
husband's estate. This indicates he was a 
man of some means. He was on a committee 
of partition in the estate of Aaron Moses, in 
1733, and this also elicits the inference that 
he was a man of note and consequence in his 
community ; no dullard, no incompetent was 
appointed by the court to fill this office. He 
was a witness to the will of Captain John 
Pickering, a lawyer and noted character, to 

which he made his mark. But that was noth- 
ing to his discredit. Penmanship in those 
days was confined to the clergymen and a 
few others. Captain Pickering called none 
but a substantial citizen to witness his will. 
His house was next to Francis Jones. He 
married, in 1695, Grace, daughter of William 
and Mary (Walford) Brooklin. Her grand- 
father, Thomas Walford, was one of Ma- 
son's stewards. Her grandmother, Jean Wal- 
ford, was accused of witchcraft, and this is 
the first and only instance where that fanati- 
cal delusion appeared in New Hampshire. She 
later sued her detractors for slander, and ob- 
tained a verdict. 

"Portsmouth, April 21, 1707. 

At a church meeting legally convened, it 
was voted that persons having a competent 
Knowledge and making of a serious pro. of 
ye Xian Religion & being of a conversation 
void of scandal upon yr owning yee cove- 
nant & subjecting themselves to yee govern- 
ment of X in the church, shall be admitted 
to baptism & have the like privilege for yr 

Grace Lang owned the covenant 1708, and 
all her children received baptism. 

(H) John (2), son of John (i) and Grace 
(Brookin) Lang, was born at Strawberry 
bank, or in that part of it now known as 
Greenland. It may be supposed that he 
bore a part in the resistance to the tyranny 
of the Alasons, and was involved in the law- 
suits regarding the Masonian titles. He suf- 
fered like others from Indian molestations. 
He worked on the government fort then 
building at Portsmouth, perhaps the first 
harbor defence constructed in this country. 
He signed the peition in 1739 to have New 
Hampshire annexed to Massachusetts. He 
married Sarah Bickford. 

(Ill) Thomas, son of John (2) and Sarah 
(Bickford) Lang, was born in Greenland, 
New Hampshire, lived and died in Lee, that 
state. He took up land in the new town of Lee, 
an arid and uninviting district to the north- 
ward, which was settled from the coastal re- 
gion, and was a farmer and charcoal-burner, 
marketing his product at Portsmouth. He 
married Slary Simpson. 

(I\') .\aron, son of Thomas and Mary 
(Simpson) Lang, was born in Lee, September 
14, 1797, died in Chicopee, Massachusetts. 
He married Rhoda, daughter of Aaron 
Leighton, of Nottingham, New Hampshire. 

(V) Cyrus, son of Aaron and Rhoda 
(Leighton) Lang, was born in Lee, 1822, died 



in Springfield. 1882. He was a representa- 
tive and useful citizen of Chicopee and iden- 
tified with its interests. He married Ann M., 
daughter of Nathaniel and Bathsheba (Cart- 
ter) Gaylord. of West Springfield. 

(\T) George Dexter, son of Cyrus and 
Ann ( Gaylord ) Lang, was born in Chicopee, 
December 18, 1857. He attended the public 
schools in Springfield, and at the age of six- 
teen entered the employment of the Massa- 
chusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company 
and has served in every department of the 
company, now occupying the position of as- 
sistant ' secretary and superintendent of 
agents. He is one of the leading life under- 
wTiters in this country, and the great success 
of this old and reliable company has been due 
to the selection of trusted and competent ser- 
vants, who have faithfully subserved its inter- 
ests. He was formally a member of the 
Nyassett, Winthrop and Springfield country 
clubs. He is Republican in politics, but has 
lived privately and taken no office. He mar- 
ried Ada, daughter of Isaac P. Dickinson ; 
one child, Ruth Dickinson Lang, born May, 
1882, died aged three and a half months. 

The Leighton line into which the Langs 
married in the fourth generation was from 
Thomas Leighton, an early emigrant to Ports- 
mouth before 1700. In this line was Celia 
Laighton Thaxter, the sweet island singer. 
Her father. Tom Laighton, soured at the 
world which he thought had ill-treated him, 
resigned his position as editor of a newspaper, 
retired to a lonely island, and secured the ap- 
pointment of lighthouse keeper. Here young 
Celia was reared in childhood, with no com- 
panions but books and the shells of the sea- 
shore her playmates. Her poetry possesses 
a wonderful charm in its simplicity, sweetness 
of idealism and delineation of sea and sky. 

There is a tradition that the 
SICKMAN ancestor of the family here 

considered came to this coun- 
try as a soldier in the British army during the 
revolution and that after the war he settled in 
Pennsylvania and lived there to the end of 
his days. He came of German ancestors, held 
fast to the teachings of the Lutheran church, 
and recollections of him run to the efifect that 
he was an industrious and useful citizen ; and 
after his death he was buried in the church- 
yard in Baldwin township. Beyond these in- 
teresting facts little else appears to be known 
of this ancestor, not so much even as his chris- 
tian name, nor the name of his wife nor the 
number of their children. 

(II) Jacob Sickman, son of the soldier an- 
cestor, was born probably in the town of East- 
port in Pennsylvania, and lived during the 
greater part of his life in Baldwin township. 
He was a soldier in the American army dur- 
ing the second war with the mother country 
and fought in the battle of historic Lundy's 
Lane. In business life he was a farmer. He 
married Jane Kirkland, and by her had six 
children, John H., Barnet, Elizabeth, Joel, 
Isaac, John H., Hiram and Harriet. 

(III) John Henry Sickman, son of Jacob 
and Jane ( Kirkland ) Sickman, was born in 
Baldwin township, Pennsylvania, about 1820, 
and from early youth made his own way in 
life. He earned the means with which to se- 
cure his early education and afterward became 
a carpenter and pattern maker, working many 
years at these occupations and afterward turn- 
ing his attention to farming in Snowden town- 
ship, where he died in 1886. Mr. Sickman 
is remembered as having been a strong aboli- 
tionist, and during the several years ne.xt pre- 
ceding the late civil war he was actively con- 
nected with the operation of the "underground 
railroad" bv which fugitive slaves were trans- 
ported through the state of Pennsylvania to 
places of safety in states farther north and in 
the Canadas. Naturally he developed into a 
strong republican, and was a man of much in- 
fluence in the township in which he lived. He 
held various local offices of minor importance 
and for many years was commissioner of 
highways. In religious preference he was a 
Baptist. About the year 1847 Mr. Sickman 
married Martha Pomerine, daughter of Henry 
and Elizabeth (Boyer) Pomerine/ of Snowden 
township, and granddaughter of Jules Pom- 
erine, who was a sergeant of a company in one 
of the regiments that came to this country 
with General Lafayette to fight with the 
Americans during the war for independence. 
John Henry and Martha (Pomerine) Sickman 
had three children, James Madison, .\lbert 
Franklin, and one other child who died in ex- 
treme infancy. 

(IV) James Madison Sickman, son and 
eldest child of John Henry and Martha (Pom- 
erine ) Sickman, was born in Snowden town- 
ship, Alleghany county, Pennsylvania. Decem- 
ber 30, 1847, ^'id received his early educa- 
tion in the common schools of his native town- 
ship. After leaving school he took up the 
study of civil and mining engineering under 
the instruction of Professor Stilly, of Jeffer- 
son College, and finished his course under F. 
N. Jarrett, of Lock Haven, Pennsylvania, se- 
curing a thorough practical as well as theo- 



retical knowledge of his profession by actual 
experience in the coal mining regions of Penn- 
sylvania. In 1873 he went to Holyoke, Mas- 
sachusetts, and at once entered upon his duties 
as engineer in the service of the Holyoke 
Water Power Company ; and in 1903 he be- 
came the company"s chief engineer. In 1893 
he was elected member of the board of coun- 
ty commissioners of Hampden county, and 
.still serves in that capacity, having been re- 
elected at the expiration of each succeeding 
term. ^Mr. Sickman married, November 19, 
1874, Ellen Gallagher, daughter of Patrick 
and Mary Gallagher, of Woodstock, New 
Brunswick, and by whom he has six children : 
I. James F., born Holyoke, October 14, 1875; 
married Catherine McDonnell, of Kalama- 
zoo, Michigan. 2. John H., born August 25, 
1877; married Elsie Smith, of Great Barring- 
ton, Massachusetts, and lives in Bridgeport, 
Connecticut. 3. Nazie, born August 16, 1879. 
4. Guy L., born August 18, 1884; lives m 
Roanoake Rapids, North CaroHna. 5. iMar- 
tha P., born December 16. 1886. 6. Rachel, 
born March 5, 1891. 

(IV) Albert Franklin Sickman, son of 
John Henry and Martha ( Pomerine ) Sick- 
man, was born in Snowden township, Al- 
legheny county, Pennsylvania, December 10, 
1852, and received his education at the West- 
ern University at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
class of 78. He worked his own way 
through college, and after graduating joined 
an engineering party under charge of his 
brother and still later became connected with 
the engineering department of the Holyoke 
Water Power Company. He has since con- 
tinued in the service of the company, and since 
1902 has filled the responsible position of hy- 
draulic engineer. Mr. Sickman married, in 
November. 1878, Mary Elizabeth Gallagher, 
daughter of Patrick and Mary Gallagher, of 
Woodstock, New Brunswick. She was born 
May 6, 1857, and died September 14, 1888, 
having borne her husband five children : i . 
Louis F., born January 16. 1880. died in in- 
fancy. 2. Bertha M', born May 6, 1881 ; 
married June 6, 1906, James H. Bigelow. 3. 
Lottie E.", born March 27,. 1883. 4. Albert F., 
born January 26, 1885. 5. John Edwin, born 
January 11, 1887: student at Dartmouth, "lo. 

It is not known what year the an- 
BAGG cestor of this family emigrated to 

New England, but the name is 
found in records about 1650 and very often 
after that time. Its origin is English, and it is 

represented in this country by numerous 
branches who have descended from the family 
first described below. Among them have been 
many soldiers, and they have been well repre- 
sented in professional and civil lines as well. 
Alembers of this family have been ever ready 
to stand by their principles and to fight for 
them if need arose. 

(I) John Bagg is supposed to have emi- 
grated from Plymouth, England, and died in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, September 5, 1683. 
In 1660 he conveyed lands in the "Second Di- 
vision," probably on the west bank of the 
river, to Hugh Dudley, and in 1668 his name 
is signed to a petition against imposts. In 
1678, on the first day of the year, he was one 
of the citizens to take the oath of allegiance, 
administered by Major John Pynchon. He 
married, October 24, 1657, Hannah, daughter 
of Deacon Henry and Ulalia Burt, born April 
28, 1641, died August i, 1680. Children: 
Hannah, Mercy, Daniel, John, Daniel, Jona- 
than, Abigail, James, Sarah and Abilene. 

(II) John (2), second son of John (i) and 
Hannah (Burt) Bagg, was born March 26, 
1665, died November, 1740. He married, 
March 30, 1689, Mercy Thomas, born May 15, 
1671 ; children: Mercy, Hannah, Sarah, John, 
Abigail, James. Thankful, Rachel (born and 
died in 1706), Rachel, Thomas and Ebenezer. 

(III) John (3), eldest son of John (2) and 
Mercy (Thomas) Bagg, was born April 23, 
1696, died January 28, 1776. He married 
Elizabeth Stockwell. who died June 11, 1792, 
aged eighty-eight, and had five or more chil- 
dren : John, Elizabeth, Aaron, Sarah and 

(IV) John (4), eldest son of John (3) and 
Elizabeth (Stockwell) Bagg, was born Octo- 
ber 8, 1730, died June 13, 1809. He married, 
June 19. 1755, Rebecca Phelps, born December 
10, 1737, died April 18. 1797; children: Clara, 
.Varon, Chloe. Charlotte. Clarissa, Sophia, Or- 
rel. Helen and Mary Meekins. 

(V) Aaron, eldest son of John (4) and Re- 
becca (Phelps) Bagg, was born September 23, 
1757, died August 16, 1839. He was a soldier 
in the revolutionary war, was disabled by sick- 
ness at the battle of White Plains, New York, 
and returned home, where he resumed his oc- 
cupation of farmer. He married, September 
27, 1775, Sarah Miller, who died September 
7, 1829. aged sixty-nine, and they had five or 
more children, as follows : Nancy, Annah, 
John. Lucy and Laura. 

fVI) John (5), only son of Aaron and 
Sarah (Miller) Bagg, was born September 29, 



1780, died October 26, 1820. He married, in 
1805, Sophronia Woodruff, who died Novem- 
ber 26, 1843, aged fifty-five. Children: So- 
phronia, Annah, Aaron (born in 1808 and died 
in 1809), Aaron, Sarah Miller, John, Sullivan 
and Lucy Jane. 

(VH) Colonel Aaron {2), son of John (.5) 
and Sophronia (Woodruff) Bagg, was born 
February 6, 1810, died in 1881. When he was 
ten years old his father died, and his mother 
and the children were cared for by the grand- 
father till his death. He received his educa- 
tion in the public schools and for a short time 
attended the Monson Academy. When six- 
teen years of age, he began teaching school 
and continued for three years, then took 
charge of his grandfather's farm, where most 
of his life was spent. He was a member of 
the state militia and rose to the rank of col- 
onel, by which title his friends called him. He 
was twice elected to the general court, and in 
1858-59 was a member of the state senate. He 
was interested in the irnportant enterprises of 
Springfield and Holyoke, Massachusetts ; he 
was one of the founders of the Parsons Paper 
Company, and was director and president from 
its organization until his death. He was also 
connected with several other paper companies, 
and various other companies, having been 
president and director of Hampden Watch 
Company, and connected with two banks at 
Springfield. Until the war of the rebellion he 
was a supporter of the Democratic party, but 
after that time was a staunch Republican. He 
married (first) November 17, 1834, Hannah 
Mather, born September 12, 1819, died Sep- 
tember 5, 1836; one child, Hannah Mather, 
born in 1836, and in 1856 married Ethan 
Brooks. Mr. Bagg married (second) October 
16, 1837, Lucy Maria Mather, born June 5, 
1820; children: i. Aaron, born June 21, 1839; 
married Mary Heath. 2. Lucy Maria, June 
26, 1842. 3. Rufus Mather, December 20, 
1844 ; married Mary E. Bartholomew. 4. 
John Sullivan, December 31, 1848; married 
Louise E. Shevelin. 5. Edward Parsons. 

(Vni) Edward Parsons, fourth son of Col- 
onel Aaron (2) and Lucy Maria (Mather) 
Bagg, was born August 28, 1855, at West 
Springfield, Massachusetts. He attended the 
public schools of that place and Springfield. 
On leaving school he spent five years in the 
employ of a bank, and then entered the em- 
ploy of the Parsons Paper Company as 
clerk: in 1884 he was made treasurer of this 
concern and still holds this position. He is a 
member of the Second Congregational Church 

at Holyoke, Massachusetts, and is a Republi- 
can. He married Eliza C, daughter of Jona- 
than and Mary (Colt) Parsons, and has four 
children: I. Edward Parsons Jr., was edu- 
cated at Yale College and Harvard Aledical 
School. 2. Aaron, graduated from Hamilton 
College with the class of 1907 and is now asso- 
ciated with his father, being in the employ of 
the Parsons Paper Company. 3. John L., at- 
tended Yale College and Massachusetts Insti- 
tute of Technology. 4. Robert P., attended 
Hamilton College. 

Charles Loomis, son of Thom- 
LOOIVHS as Loomis, was born Decem- 
ber 23, 1829. In business he 
was a mill operative. He married Sarah 
Aspden, daughter of John Aspden. Children : 
George Alfred, born February 23, 1853, at 
Mohawk, New York; James Henry, men- 
tioned below. 

James Henry, second son of Charles Loom- 
is, was born at Thorndike, Palmer, Massa- 
chusetts, July 7, 1858. He attended the pub- 
lic schools of Holyoke until he was nine years 
old, and afterward at Chicopee, whither the 
family moved, graduating from the Chicopee 
Falls' high school in the class of 1875. He 
entered Boston University, where he was 
graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1879. 
He began the study of law in the office of 
Judge Charles L. Long, of Springfield, was 
admitted to the bar in 1883, and continued 
in the office of Judge Long until 1889. Since 
then he has had his office in Chicopee, occu- 
pying the same office with George M. Stearns 
untifhe died in 1893. He has occupied the 
same offices to the present time, but has had 
no partner. Mr. Loomis has been prominent 
in public life. He was a member of the Chi- 
copee school board from 1884 to 1896; city 
auditor from 1895 to 1901 ; mayor of the city 
from 1901 to 1903 ; and is at present associate 
justice of the police court. In politics he is 
a Republican. His administration as mayor 
was one of the most successful in the history 
of the city. 

He is a member of Belcher Lodge of Free 
Masons: Unitv Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons : of Chicopee Lodge of Odd Fellows ; of 
Cabot Lodge, Knights of Pythias; of the 
Hampden County Bar Association ; of the U. 
S. Bar Association ; and of the Oxford Club. 
He attends the Methodist church at Chicopee 

Falls. . T, , 

He married, November 22, 1892, Ruth 
Crowther, born at Blackstone, Massachu- 

iv — 32 



setts, daughter of Benjamin Crowther, of Chi- 
copee Falls, Massachusetts. Children: i. 
George Perkins, born at Chicopee, June ii, 
1894. 2. James Henrv, Jr.. born March 7, 


Edward H. Bell, father of Clinton 
BELL E. Bell, was born at Southampton, 
Massachusetts, 1847. Later he 
removed to Northampton, where he engaged 
in the dry goods business, becoming a pros- 
perous merchant, and retiring from active 
pursuits in 1899, since which time he has re- 
sided at the Tree Hill Earm at Southampton. 
He was a man of sound judgment and un- 
questioned integrity, and was held in high es- 
teem by his neighbors and business asso- 
ciates. He married Josephine, daughter of 
Wharton and Mary (Lyman) Searl, of South- 
ampton. Children: i. Clinton E., see for- 
ward. 2. Edith Josephine ; married Rev. 
Frederick R. Grififin, at the present time 
(1909) pastor of a Unitarian Church at Mon- 
treal, Canada ; children ; Cynthia and Freder- 
ick Griffin. 

(H) Clinton E., only son of Edward H. 
and Josephine (Searl) Bell, was born at 
Southampton, Massachusetts, June 8, 1872. 
He removed with his parents to Northamp- 
ton, where he attended the public schools, af- 
ter which he prepared for college under Pro- 
fessor Isaac Bridman, of Northampton. He 
was graduated from Amherst College in 1895, 
Columbia Law School 1898, and practiced 
law in New York for three years, during 
which time was associated with the law firm 
of Eaton & Lewis. He still has business in- 
terests in New York, although he removed to 
Springfield, Massachusetts, 1901, where he 
has a large practice. Mr. Bell is well known 
professionally and socially in Springfield ; is 
a member of the Nayasset Club and Country 
Club, attends the North Congregational 
Church, and is a Republican in politics. He 
married, February 14, 1900, Charlotte, daugh- 
ter of Rev. George N. and Caroline (Ladd) 
Webber. They have one child, Lucie McMil- 
lan, born December 7, 1901. 

Rev. Dr. George N. Webber, father of Mrs. 
Ointon E. Bell, was born in Pomfret, Con- 
necticut, August 2~. 1826, died at Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, December 20, 1907, son 
of Ariel and Lucine (Holmes) Webber, and a 
descendant on the paternal side of Dutch an- 
cestors, they having come to this country 
from the Hague. He graduated from Am- 
herst College with the class of 1852, and 

from Andover Theological Seminary two 
vears later. After leaving Andover he re- 
turned to Amherst, where he taught one 
year. His first pastorate was in St. Johns- 
bury, Vermont, where he settled in Decem- 
ber, 1855. In November, 1859, he was called 
to the North Church of Hartford, Connecti- 
cut, now called the Park Church, and he re- 
mained there until June, 1862, when he en- 
listed as chaplain of the First Connecticut 
Regiment, with which he served three 
months. His next pastorate was over the 
First Congregational Church of Lowell, 
where he was situated in 1867, when he was 
elected to the chair of Moral and Mental Sci- 
ence in Middlebury College, where he served 
until 1874, when he was called to the pastor- 
ate of the First Presbyterian Church of Troy, 
New York, and it was there that he was in 
the prime of his physical and mental powers. 
He became widely known in Troy and that 
section of New York state as an able preach- 
er and vital force. During his professorship 
at Middlebury he was given the decree of 
Doctor of Divinity by Amherst. In the early 
days of Smith College, Dr. Webber was 
called there as lecturer on Mental Philosophy 
and Ethics, and continued this connection un- 
til the early nineties, when he retired to pri- 
vate life, residing in Northampton, Massa- 
chusetts. He was well known to all the older 
alumnae of Smith College, his long residence 
in that city having brought him into a wide 
circle of acquaintance and friends, by whom 
he was respected and loved. 

Rev. Dr. Webber married (first) May, 1858, 
Charlotte, daughter of Thaddeus Fairbanks, 
of St. Tohnsbury, Vermont. He married (sec- 
ond) 187 1, Caroline K., daughter of Rev. 
Daniel Ladd, of Middlebury, Connecticut. 

The Hobert family proposed to 
HOBERT be briefly treated in this place 

came into this state within a 
comparatively recent period, and springs di- 
rectly from the family of the same name 
which for several and probably many genera- 
tions has been seated in county Kerry, Ireland. 
The surname of the family under considera- 
tion here appears to have been written Hobert 
throughout the several generations of which 
we have authentic knowledge, but at the same 
time there is ample ground for the belief that 
the Hoberts and Hobarts of Ireland are 
of the same ancestral family, and that 
both names are derived from the an- 
cient English family of Hubbard, and 



are among the numerous modifications of 
that familiar patronymic in both Eng- 
land and America, and is itself traced remote- 
ly to the time of the Norman conquest, al- 
though a derivative of a surname quite as un- 
like Hubbard as either Hobert or Hobart ap- 
pear to be. Antiquarians and other students 
of the origin and signification of our English 
surnames are of the opinion that Hobert, like 
Hobart, is a broad variation of Hubbard, and 
the researches of quite recent investigators 
seem to confirm the belief. 

(I) James Hobert, earliest known ancestor 
of the family now under consideration, was 
born and spent his life in county Kerry, Ire- 
land. The tradition is that he was a husband- 
man, a tiller of the soil, but other than this 
little appears to be known of him. He mar- 
ried Mary Hennessey, and she bore him four 
children. Patrick, John, James and Margaret. 

(II) Patrick, son of James and Mary (Hen- 
nessey) Hobert. was born in county Kerry, 
Ireland, about 1825, and still lives there, at the 
advanced age of almost eighty-five years. He 
married Catherine Hennessey, and she bore 
him seven children, Margaret. Patrick, Mary, 
Johanna, James P., John and Chatterton. 

(III) James P., son of Patrick and Cath- 
erine (Hennessey) Hobert, was born in coun- 
ty Kerry, Ireland, December 25, 1868, and was 
a young man just of full age when he came to 
this country (1889), settled in Holyoke, Mas- 
sachusetts, and began working in Connell's 
brickyard at South Hadley Falls. He was an 
industrious and faithful employee, of temper- 
ate and saving habits, hence after four years 
he was able to start out for himself as proprie- 
tor of an undertaking establishment and busi- 
ness in Holyoke, which he has since continued 
with gratifying success. For several years 
also he has been agent in Holyoke for several 
trans-Atlantic steamship company lines, 
among the more important of which may be 
mentioned the .\llan. Anchor, American, At- 
lantic Transportation and the Cunard lines. 
He is a member and past chief oflicer of the 
American Order of Foresters, a member of 
the Ancient Order of Hibernians, Knights of 
Columbus and of the Emmet Club, all of Hol- 
yoke. He married, June 21, 1898, Libbie Gro- 
gan, born in Holyoke, daughter of Thomas 
and Mary Grogan, both natives of county 
Kerry, Ireland. Mr. and Mrs. Hobert have 
two children, Viola and Jerome Hobert, both 
born in Holyoke. 

This family traces its Ameri- 
SAFFORD can ancestry from Thomas 

Safford, the immigrant to 
Ipswich, Massachusetts Colony, through a 
long line prominent in the formation and ad- 
vancement of the growth of the American 
colonies. From the English ancestral rec- 
ords we find that the surname occurs fre- 
quently in the early part of the thirteenth 
century and appears to be of Saxon deriva- 
tion. The name appears in the inscription en- 
graved on the seal of an ancient town on the 
English coast, and reads as follows : "Sigil- 
lum Burgensium de Saft'ordia". It also ap- 
pears among the lists of immigrants who came 
from England to the Colony of Virginia be- 
tween 1613 and 1623. 

(I) James Safford, the first of the line 
herein treated of whom we have definite in- 
formation, was born in the state of New York, 
died aged about thirty years. During early 
manhood he came to Brimfield, Massachu- 
setts. He married Eunice, daughter of Reu- 
ben and Abigail (Morgan) Townsley, and 
among their children was Reuben Towns- 
ley, mentioned below. Eunice (Townsley) 
Safford married (second) Walter Upham. 
Reuben Townsley, father of Eunice (Towns- 
ley) Saiford, was born March 6, 1747, died 
August, 1828 ; he was son of Reuben and Sarah 
(Blodgett) Townsley, and grandson of Michael 
Townsley, an original proprietor of Brimfield, 
who came to this country as a licensed ex- 
horter or preacher, and married Hannah Steb- 
bins, February 20, 1712-13. Reuben Towns- 
ley Sr. served in the revolution ; he married, 
August 6, 1741, Sarah Blodgett. 

(II) Reuben Townsley, son of James Saf- 
ford, was born in Brimfield, Massachusetts, 
and later removed to Springfield. He mar- 
ried Delia Stebbins, daughter of John and 
Hannah (Bliss) Stebbins. Children: i. Henry. 
2. Fanny, married Ersline Allen. 3. Clara, un- 
married. 4. James DeForest, mentioned below. 
Delia (Stebbins) Safford traces her ancestry 
on the paternal side to Rowland and Sarah 
Stebbins, the immigrant ancestors, and 
through them to Thomas and Hannah 
(Wright) Stebbins, Edward and Sarah 
(Graves) Stebbins, Thomas and Mary (Ely) 
Stebbins, Caleb and Elizabeth (Warriner) 
Stebbins, Caleb and Mehitable (Chapin) Steb- 
bins, John and Hannah (Bliss) Stebbins. 

(III) James DeForest, son of Reuben 
Townsley Safford, was born in Springfield, 
Massachusetts. August 2, 1841, died in Au- 
gust, 1896. He was a prominent citizen of 



Springfield, a leader in financial and banking 
circles, and served as president of the City Na- 
tional Bank of Springfield and of five diiferent 
manufacturing concerns. He married May 
Cooper Kirkham, born October 5, 1855, 
daughter of General Ralph W. and Maria 
Cooper (Mix) Kirkham. Children: i. Ralph 
Kirkham, mentioned below. 2. Leila Steb- 
bins, born August 11, 1884. 3. Gladys Marie, 
born July 16, 1889. 

(IV) Ralph Kirkham, son of James De- 
Forest Saflford, was born in Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, November 18, 1880. He prepared 
for college at St. Paul's School, Concord, New 
Hampshire, and graduated at Harvard College 
in 1903. He was employed for a time with 
the Chapman Valve Company and also with 
his father in the City National Bank. He en- 
gaged in business as a broker and banker at 
321 Main street, Springfield, where he was 
loacted as assistant manager for three years. 
In January, 1907, he was made manager of the 
banking house of Darr & Moore at No. 274 
Main street, Springfield. He is a director of 
the Chapman Valve Company, the Green- 
field Gas Light Company, the German Ameri- 
can Company at Spray, North Carolina. He is a 
member of Christ Episcopal Church of Spring- 
field, the Nayassett, Country and Automobile 
clubs of Springfield, the Harvard Club of New 
York, the Corinthian Club of Marblehead, and 
the Aztec Club of 1847. He married, Octo- 
ber 10, 1907, Lillian Upson, born April 19, 
1881, daughter of Lyman Allen and Emma 
(Douglass) Upson, of Thompsonville, Con- 
necticut. They are the parents of one child, 
Ralph Kirkham Jr., born July 18, 1908. 

Silas Curtis Wilson was proba- 
WILSON bly a descendant of Gowen 
Wilson, who settled at Hing- 
ham, Massachusetts, before 1641. He was 
born August 13, 1841, at Berwick, Maine, 
and received his education in the public 
schools of his native town. With the excep- 
tion of a short time during which he lived in 
Boston, he lived in South Wakefield, New 
Hampshire, and carried on a farm. In his 
earlv manhood he taught school for a time. 
He married (first) Sarah E. Sibley, and after 
her death married again. Children, all by first 
wife; I. Norris Sibley, born August 17, 
1868: mentioned below. 2. Grace, born 
INIarch 2, 1872: married Walter Twiss. 3. 
Edith, liorn May 9, 1879 ■ f^'^^ '" Boston, De- 
cember 5, 1882. 

(II) Norris Sibley, son of Silas Curtis Wil- 

son, was born in Boston, August 17, 1868. He 
received his education in the schools of his 
native city. He began to work in early youth 
and his later schooling was obtained in the 
night schools of Boston and by private study. 
He was salesman for various Boston firms. 
He entered the employ of the American Lin- 
seed Oil Company and was promoted from 
time to time until he became head of the 
concern. 'Mr. Wilson is a typical selfmade 
man, starting in life with no capital or other 
advantages over his fellow-workers. His in- 
dustry, perseverance and application made 
him a master of the details of the business, at 
the same time making him of great value to 
his employers. His executive ability, fore- 
sight and acumen in business problems have 
made him a prominent figure in the commer- 
cial world. In politics he is a Republican, 
though he has never been active in politics in 
his life. He is a member of the Advent 
Church. He married Lucy A. Peck, born 
September 12, 1864, at Bear River, Nova 
Scotia, daughter of Joshua Peck, a prominent 
and wealthy farmer. Joshua Peck was born 
in 1832, married Zebudah Rice, born 1840, at 
Bear River, died September, 1875 ; children : 
i. Alice Burna Peck, born January 13, 1861, 
married Edgar McKay of South Boston ; ii. 
Clara Etta Peck, born 1862 ; iii. Lucy A. 
Peck, born September 12, 1864, married Nor- 
ris Sibley Wilson, mentioned above ; iv. Jo- 
seph O. Peck, born 1866, married Harriet 
Buffum ; v. Levi Joshua Peck, born 1869; vi. 
Meriam Peck ; vii. Enoch Peck. 

Children of Norris Sibley and Lucy A. 
(Peck) Wilson: i. Clarence Thornton, bori? 
December 22, 1888. 2. Stanley Livingstone, 
December 27, 1890. 3. Ruth Zebudah, Feb- 
ruary 16, 1892 ; died aged si.x months. 4. 
Chester Burnham, born August 10, 1894. 5. 
Helen Norris, July 18, 1895. 6. Malcolm 
Curtis, November 4, 1897. 7. Alice Sibley, 
October 7, 1899. 8. Edith May, February 21, 
1900. 9. Harold, July 7, 1902. 10. Warren 
Hobbs, September 10, 1905. 

Charles Henry Rood, son of 
ROOD Charles Rood, was born in Wil- 

liamsville, Windham county, Ver- 
mont. October 7, 1843. He attended the pub- 
lic schools of his native town until old enough 
to be apprenticed to the trade of stone and 
marble cutter. He also was clerk in a country 
store. He worked at his trade as a marble cut- 
ter in Woodstock and Bennington, Vermont, 
and then removed to Ware, Massachusetts, and' 



there found work in the mills of Otis & Com- 
pany as overseer. In 1898 he left the employ 
of the Otis Company and purchased the gen- 
eral store of F. P. Clark, one of the largest 
stores in the town of Ware. As a citizen of 
Ware he became conspicuous for his good 
works in the Methodist church and Sunday 
school as a teacher, class leader and church 
member. His political party was the Republi- 
can, but he held no office or allowed his name 
to go before the public as a candidate for of- 
fice. He married (first) a JMiss Huse, by 
whom he had no children. He married (sec- 
ond) a Miss Huse, by whom he had one child, 
William B. Rood, who married May Shaw, of 
\\isconsin. He married (third) Sarah L., 
daughter of Daniel C. and Lovisa Hartshorn 
Spear, of West Brookfield, Massachusetts. 
Sarah L. Spear married (first) in 1861, Wil- 
liam Eno Nichols, of West Brookfield, Massa- 
chusetts, born December 4, 1836, died in 
Ware, Massachusetts, November 12, 1881 ; 
.she had five children : Justin D. Nichols, born 
in Ware, Massachusetts, in 1862, married and 
had no children. Ellen F. Nichols, born in 
Munson, Massachusetts, February 26, 1865, 
married Eliot Barnes, of Ware, Massachu- 
setts. Alice Nichols, born in Ware, Massa- 
chusetts, November 19, 1869, married William 
Harrison, of Ware, Massachusetts, and had 
three children. William E. Nichols, born in 
Belchertown, Massachusetts, December 13, 
1872, lived in Warren, Massachusetts, where 
he carried on the business of jeweler and had 
two children. Charles S. Nichols, born in 
Ware, October 2, 1880, died there in 1881. 
William Eno Nichols was a farmer, lumber- 
man and dealer in real estate in Ware, Massa- 

Daniel C. Spear, father of Sarah L. 
(Spear) (Nichols) Rood, was born in West 
Brookfield, Massachusetts, in 1820, and lived 
in Ware, Massachusetts, in 1886. He married 
Louisa Hartshorn and they had seven chil- 
dren born in West Brookfield, Alassachusetts, 
as follows: Sarah L., 1844; Mary, Edwin, 
Harlow, Abbey, Lucy, Lizzie Spear. Mr. 
Spear was a soldier in the civil war, serving 
in Company I, recruited in West Brookfield, 
Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. 

Richard Billings, immigrant 
BILLINGS ancestor, was in Hartford, 

Connecticut, with his wife 
Margery, in 1640. He moved to Hatfield, 
Massachusetts, in 1661, died there March 3, 
1679. She died December 5, 1679. They had 
a son Samuel, mentioned below. 

(II) Samuel, son of Richard Billings, lived 
in Hatfield. He married, about 1661, Sarah 
Fellows, who married (second) October 9, 
1678, Samuel Belden Jr., and died February 
5, 1713. She was daughter of Richard and 
Ursula Fellows. He died February i, 1678. 
Children: i. Samuel, born January 8, 1665, 
mentioned below. 2. Ebenezer, October 29, 
1669. 3. Sarah, died July 15, 1674. 4. Rich- 
ard, born April 7, 1672, married, March 18, 

1703, Hannah Marsh; (second) Sarah . 

5. John, October 11, 1674, killed by the In- 
dians July 15, 1698. 6. Sarah, C)ctober 18, 
1676, married Samuel Dickinson. 

(III) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Bill- 
ings, was born January 8, 1665, in Hatfield. 
He married (first) November 18, 1686, Han- 
nah Wright, who died November 18, 1687; 
(second) Widow Rebecca Miller, born 
March 26, 1661, daughter of John and Sarah 
(Heald) Leonard. Children: i. Samuel. 2. 
Sarah, born March 15, 1697, married, Janu- 
ary 16, 1724, Deacon Samuel Smith. 3. Jo- 
seph, November 15, 1700, married, January 7, 
1726, Elizabeth Kellogg. 4. Zechariah, No- 
vember 29, 1702, mentioned below. 5. Ben- 
jamin, January 18, 1705, married, November 
13, 1729, Mary Hastings. 

(IV) Zechariah, son of Samuel (2) Bill- 
ings, was born in Hatfield, November 29, 
1702, died October 11, 1771. He married Ruth 
Meekins, born June 6, 1700, died December 
18, 1 78 1, daughter of John (3) and Ruth 
(Belknap) Meekins. Thomas (2), Thomas 
( I ) . Among his children was Silas, men- 
tioned below. 

(V) Silas, son of Zechariah Billings, was 
born November 13, 1741, died June 6, 1808. 
He married, November 25, 1773, Miriam 
Dickinson, born May 9, 1746, died February 
II, 1836, daughter of Aloses and Anna 
(Smith) Dickinson, and granddaughter of 
Canada Waite. x\mong their children was 
Erastus, mentioned below. 

(VI) Colonel Erastus, son of Silas Bill- 
ings, was born June 30, 1778, and was a 
farmer in Hatfield. He was a member of the 
militia and fought in the war of 1812. He 
married Abigail Allis. In religion he was a 
Congregationalist. Among his children w^ere 
Silas, mentioned below, John A., Erastus, 
mentioned below. 

(VID Captain Silas (2), son of Colonel 
Erastus Billings, was born October 29, 1800. 
He was captain of militia. He owned a grist 
mill and also made a business of raising and 
selling cattle for beef, driving them to the Bos- 
ton market. He was considered the best judge 



of cattle in the vicinity. He was a Whig in 
pohtics and an active worker in the Congre- 
gational church. He married, December 9, 
1824, Mary S. Graves, daughter of Levi and 
granddaughter of Perez Graves. ( See Graves 
family). Children: i. Samuel, drowned at the 
age of two years by falling into a partly-filled 
tub of water. 2. Samuel F., born January 18, 
1828, mentioned below. 3. Abbie, died young. 
4. Abbie. 5. Mary Jane. 6. Cornelia. 7. 
Sarah Ann. 

(Vni) Samuel F., son of Captain Silas 
(2) Billings, was born January 18, 1828. in 
Hatfield, where he was educated in the public 
schools. Until the death of his father he re- 
mained on the homestead, and then assumed 
the management of the farm. Like his father, 
he was a Whig and in religion a faithful Con- 
gregationalist. He married, January i, 1857, 
Elizabeth Hastings Allis, daughter of Dexter 
Allis: Children: i. Edward, born April 29, 
1859. 2. Silas, died young. 3. Louis A., No- 
vember 28, 1 861, mentioned below. 4. Eliza- 
beth H., October 11, 1864, married Charles J. 
Abbott, who died 1901 ; had Howard B. Ab- 
bott. 5. Samuel F., August 21, 1866, men- 
tioned below. 6. Silas, 1869, died yotmg. 

(IX) Louis A., son of Samuel F. Billings, 
was born in Hatfield, November 28, 1861. 
He received his education in the public 
schools of his native town and in Smith Acad- 
emy, and assisted his father on the farm. Af- 
ter his father's death he became associated 
with his brother Samuel F. in raising tobac- 
co on the farm, and carries on an extensive 
business in this line, .-\lthough interested in 
local politics as a Republican, he has never 
sought office. He attends the Congregation- 
al church. He is vmmarried. 

(IX) Samuel F. (2), son of Samuel F. (i) 
Billings, was born in Hatfield, August 21, 
i86fi. He was educated in the public schools 
and Smith Academy, and like his brother re- 
mained on the homestead. He is engaged 
with him in carrying on the farm, raising a 
large amount of tobacco. He is a Republican 
and a Congregationalist. He married, Sarah 
G. Jenny, widow of Arthur G. Jenny, and 
daughter of William B. and Sarah A. (Gibbs) 
Langdon. Her father was born October 31, 
1828, and married, April 2, 1855, Sarah A. 
Gibbs, born April 28, 1837. Child of Samuel 
F. Billings : Ciordon-Langdon, born May 25, 

(VII) Erastus (2), son of Colonel Erastus 
(i) Billings, was born in Hatfield, May 11, 
i8og, died March 4, 1887. He was educated 

in the public schools, and at an early age be- 
came a member of the firm composed of the 
family, and engaged in carrying on the Bil- 
lings farm. He was a Whig in politics and 
one of the early Abolitionists of this section. 
He was keenly interested in public affairs, 
but never sought public office. He married 
.\rtemisia F. Ford, of Somers, Connecticut. 
Children, born at Hatfield: i. Albert, died in 
infancy. 2. Henry P., June 9, 1835, died Oc- 
tober 2, 1891. 3. Erastus F., November 6, 
1838, died September 20, 1904. 4. George A., 
mentioned below. 

(Mil) George A., son of Erastus (2) Bil- 
lings, was born in Hatfield, May 26, 1846, 
and was educated there in the public schools 
and in Monson Academy, from which he was 
graduated in the class of 1866. He began to 
work for his father on the Billings farm. 
Later he took charge of his father's farm 
and was very successful in growing tobacco. 
Since 1874 he has represented the firm of 
Sutter Brothers of Chicago, tobacco buyers, 
and has had charge of the business of this 
firm through the entire Connecticut valley, 
buying some five thousand cases annually. 
He also represents a large cigar manufactur- 
ing concern of Pennsylvania that makes five 
million cigars a year.' Mr. Billings is a Re- 
publican in politics and a Congregationalist 
in religion. He is well known and highly es- 
teemed by the tobacco planters, an excellent 
judge of tobacco and of exceptional business 
abilitv. He is a member of the school board. 
He is a member of the Congregational 
church and is a deacon. He married, Decem- 
ber 6, 1871, Abbie F. Graves, daughter of 
Jonathan S. Graves, of Hatfield (see Graves, 
Vll). Children: i. Mabel L., born August 
7, 1873, married Harry L. Howard. 2. Al- 
bert G., August 4, 1878. 3. Laura F., July 
17, 1882. 4. George Raymond, December 30, 
1883. 5. Minnie Alice,'April 13, 1888, mar- 
ried Harry W. Alarsh. 

(The Graves Line, see Thomas Graves 1). 

(\'I) Levi Graves, son of Captain Perez 
Graves (q. v.), was born at Hatfield, January 
12, 1771, died there in November, 1858, aged 
eighty-seven years. He married, Mary Smith, 
born' March, 1773, died March 23, 1857, 
daughter of Jonathan and Bathsheba Smith, 
of South Hadley. Children: i. Harvey, born 
August 10, 1800. 2. ?^Iary S., March 5, 1803, 
married, December 9, 1824, Captain Silas Bill- 
ings, of Hatfield. 3. Levi, January 13, 1810. 


' -i.- 




4. Jonathan Smith, April 23, 1818, mentioned 

(VII) Jonathan Smith, son of Levi Graves, 
was born in Hatfield, April 23, 1818, died 
there February 26, 1883. He married, Janu- 
ary 17, 1844, Caroline Smith, born November 
22. 1825, at Charlemont, died in Hatfield, 
daughter of Justin Smith, of Whately, Mas- 
sachusetts. Children: i. Son, born Septem- 
ber 8. 1845. died next day. 2. Alfred How- 
ard, August 7, 1847. 3- Abbie Frances, May 
6, 1850, married, December 6, 1871, George 
A. Billings. (See Billings. \'III). .|. Louisa 
Malinda, April 19, 1853, married, July 2, 1878, 
Rev. Edward Sampson Tead : died November 
24, 1888. 5. Carrie Elizabeth, October 26, 
1857, married, October 22, 1879, Roswell Bill- 
ings, of Hatfield. 

The earliest American ances- 
WESSON tor of this name was the pro- 
genitor of many if not all the 
Massachusetts families of Wesson, as well as 
those known as Weston, the cognomen ap- 
pearing in both these forms. The family is 
known to have existed in very early times in 
Staffordshire, England, where its members 
owned valuable estates. 

(I) John Wesson, first of the name in 
America, was born in 1630 or 1631, in Buck- 
inghamshire, England, and died in Wakefield, 
Massachusetts, about 1723, aged over ninety 
years. About 1644, when only thirteen years 
old. his father being dead, he sailed as a stow- 
away in a ship bound for America. Arriving 
in ]\Iassachusetts Bay Colony he settled at 
Salem, where in 1648. at the age of eighteen, 
he was a member of the First church. .About 
1633 he removed to that part of Reading now 
Wakefield, and accumulated one of the largest 
estates in the town, his lands adjoining the 
meeting house square. He is said to have 
served in King Philip's war, but the name of 
the organization of which he was a member 
is not given. In 1653 he married Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Zachariah Fitch, of Reading, and this 
is the first marriage there of which record ex- 
ists. He had at least eight children, four sons 
among them, each of wliom became the head 
of a family, and his numerous descendants are 
in all parts of the country. Children: i. 
Sarah, born July 15, i6,s6. 2. Mary, May 25, 
1659. 3. John, ]\Iarch 8, 1661. 4.' Elizabeth, 
born at Reading. 5. Samuel (see below). 6. 
Stephen, born 1607 ; had a farm in Reading, 
where he died in 1750, aged nearly ninety. The 
facts here given with reference to John \\'es- 

son are from a manuscript record left by his 
son John. 

(II) Samuel, son of John and Sarah 
( Fitch ) Wesson, was born at Reading, in 
1665. His name usually appears in the rec- 
ords as Weston. About 1688 he married Abi- 
gail (surname unknown J and settled in Read- 
ing. Children: Abigail, born 1689; Samuel, 
next mentioned. 

(III) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) and 
Abigail Wesson, was born in Reading in 1690, 
and died in 1713. He went to Framingham 
in 171 1, and there married Alay 7, 171 1, Mar- 
tha, daughter of Nathaniel Haven, grand- 
daughter of Richard Haven, of Lynn, who 
came over in 1675. ^Martha married (second) 
Isaac Cousins, of Sherborn, January 12, 1746. 
She died the following year. 

(IV) John (2), only child of Samuel (2) 
and ^Martha (Haven) Wesson, was born in 
Framingham, December i, 171 1. He moved 
as early as 1749 to Grafton, near the Sutton 
and Worcester lines, where in the same year 
he bought of John Gould nine acres in Sut- 
ton and became the owner of other tracts of 
land in the neighborhood, having land in Graf- 
ton, \\'orcester and Sutton, and in that part 
now ^lillbury, but part of which, called "the 
(jore", was annexed to Worcester in 1785. He 
was a revolutionary soldier in Captain Joseph 
Winch's (Framingham) company. Colonel 
Samuel Bullard's regiment, in 1777, and was 
in the campaign under General Gates which 
ended at Saratoga with the surrender of Bur- 
goyne. He married (first) January 22, 1740, 
Ruth Death, of Sherborn, born April 20, 171 1, 
(laughter of Henry and Rachel (Leland) 
Death, her father being son of John, who 
came from Natick to Sherborn in 1678. Mr. 
Wesson married (second) Rebecca Daniel, 
August 24, 1757. Children of John and Ruth : 
I. Samuel, born at Sherborn, July 14, 1741 : 
was a revolutionary soldier. 2. Levi. 3. 
Joel. 4. John, married Mehitable Elliott. 5. 
.Abel, married Sarah Drury. 6. Silas, was one 
of twelve soldiers who joined Major Timothv 
Bigelow of ^^■o^cester, and marched to Can- 
ada, where he was killed at the attack of Que- 
bec, December 31, 1775. 

(V) Joel, third son of John (2) and Ruth 
(Death) \\'esson, was born probably about 
1746, in Framingham. He lived for a few 
years in the seventies in Brookfield, but the 
greater part of his life in Worcester. He held 
much real estate and paid one of the largest 
taxes in that town. He was a juror in 1785 
and on the school committee in 1787. He was 



a plow-maker by trade, and was in Framing- 
ham in 1789, plying his trade there. Joel Wes- 
son and his brothers were owners of a large 
part of "the Gore", which was claimed by both 
Worcester and Grafton. Joel was considered 
an inhabitant of Grafton until 1785, when the 
title of Worcester to the section was acknowl- 
edged formally. A very important deed in 
tracing this genealogy is recorded in Worces- 
ter. Joel Wesson and his brother Levi deeded 
to their brothers John and Samuel, October 
24, 1777, certain lands in "the Gore", and the 
deed gives the names of the children of John 
and Ruth (Death) Wesson. Joel sold his farm 
in North Brookfield to his brother, John Wes- 
son, June 25, 1789. Joel \\'esson married 
Hannah Bigelow, born in Worcester, July 3, 
1748, daughter of Joshua and Lydia Bigelow. 
She survived her husband and died December 
29, 1829, aged eighty-two years. Children: i. 
Huldah, married Lewis Witherby, of Shrews- 
bury. 2. Hannah, married a Bartlett. 3. 
Mary (Polly), married Charles Warren, No- 
vember 6, 1808. 4. Sewell. 5. Joel, born 
April 7, 1775, at Brookfield, married Thank- 
ful Newton, September 15, 1796, in Shrews- 
bury. 6. Rufus, next mentioned. 

(VI) Rufus, youngest son of Joel and Han- 
nah (Bigelow) Wesson, was born at Worces- 
ter, Massachusetts, in 1786, and died at Wor- 
cester in 1874, aged eighty-seven. While still 
a young man he became famous in the region 
of his residence for the excellence of his 
plows. These implements were of wood, and 
yet their construction was so thorough that 
their work was entirely satisfactory to the ag- 
ricultural community. The skill of the in- 
ventor and maker was especially shown in the 
carving of the convexed curves, and while 
furrows were turned with shares of wood the 
Wesson plow found high favor. When the 
demand for these excellent implements fell off 
owing to the advent of the cast iron plow, Mr. 
Wesson abandoned their manufacture and 
took up farming. He acquired much real es- 
tate and bought what is known as the Wesson 
place, near Lake Quinsigamond, March 7, 
1814, of Lewis Baird. He was a highway 
surveyor and collector of taxes in 1825, fence 
viewer in 1816, and served in the militia in the 
Grafton company. He married at Worcester, 
September 18, 1808, Betsey Baird, member of 
a well known family in Worcester. The 
Bairds were from the West of England, and 
of earlier date from Scotland. The English 
and Scotch pedigrees have been carefully kept 
(see vol. I, Proceedings of the Worcester So- 

ciety of Antiquity. She attained a green old age, 
dying at the home of one of her children in 
\Vorccster in 1876, being then in her eighty- 
eighth year. Five sons and five daughters were 
born of this marriage, nine of whom are re- 
corded in Worcester. The boys all inherited 
their father's love of mechanics, i. Cornelia, 
born January 28, 1810; married H. H. Har- 
rington, of Shrewsbury, 1833; she lived to be 
upwards of ninety years old. 2. Martin, mar- 
ried Abigail H. ("ireen, of Grafton, at Marlboro, 
January 6, 1840: he was a shoe manufacturer 
in Springfield. 3. Edwin, born December 13, 
181 1; married in Marlboro, Nancy H. Har- 
rington, of Grafton, June 10. 1838; he was a 
rifle manufacturer and operated a factory at 
Northboro, Massachusetts, and afterward at 
Hartford, Connecticut. 4. Betsy, born Janu- 
ary 26, 1814 : married W. H. H. Connor, of 
Grafton. October 17, 1844. 5. Rufus, born 
May 17, 1815 ; engaged in shoe manufacturing 
in Worcester ; married Miriam Harrington, 
July 23, 1840, daughter of Colonel Daniel and 
Zillah Harrington, of Shrewsbury. 6. Char- 
lotte, born September 31, 1819. 7. Jane, May 
8, 1823. 8. Daniel B., mentioned below. 9. 
Franklin, born November 8, 1828 ; went to 
Shasta, California, in 185 1, and was an expert 
rifle maker. 10. Frances, born August 8, 

(\ H) Daniel Baird, fourth son of Rufus 
and Betsey (Baird) Wesson, was born in 
Worcester, Massachusetts, May 18, 1825, and 
died in Springfield, August 4, 1906. Until he 
was eighteen years of age he resided at home, 
devoting his time about equally to duties on 
the farm and schooling, slighting neither, yet 
nursing a hope that he might soon go free to 
follow the bent of his inclination, as he shared 
with his father and older brothers the taste 
for mechanics and invention. His father de- 
sired him to learn the shoe business under his 
brothers Rufus and Martin. Against his in- 
clination, Daniel was constrained to follow his 
father's suggestion, but soon found the busi- 
ness uncongenial and returned to the farm. 
There he essayed some boyish pistol making 
with the old flintlock of his father as a model. 
He patiently whittled out wooden stocks and 
made barrels from abandoned vessels of pew- 
ter, and fearlessly tested them. The lad hoped 
to be sent oflf to the shop of his brother Ed- 
win, but his father did not readily entertain 
the notion of a second departure, and in the 
end Daniel had to pay for his time to gain his 
freedom. He was eighteen when he made his 
bargain, and finding that his father valued his 



time until attaining his majority at $150, he 
paid him that sum out of his savings and at 
once went to join his eldest brother. It was 
a good school for the ambitious lad, since it 
opened an opportunity to master the trade of 
gun-making in every detail. In three years 
he had completed his apprenticeship. He then 
worked for a time as a journeyman under his 
brother, first at Northboro, then at Hartford, 
Connecticut, being a partner and superinten- 
dent of the shop at the last-named place. 
Upon the death of his brother Edwin in 1850, 
i\!r. Wesson formed a partnership with 
Thomas Warner, a master armorer of ac- 
knowledge skill, who had long resided in Wor- 
cester. Mr. Warner retired from business 
about two years later. i\Ir. Wesson then join- 
ed his brother Frank, who had a gunmaking 
establishment at New England village, in the 
town of Grafton, and there devoted himself 
to the manufacture of single-barreled target 
pistols, turning out a fine arm. About this 
time a Mr. Leonard began to make a stir with 
an improvement in firearms. He was an edu- 
cated man with theories, and, having capital 
at command, organized the Leonard Pistol 
!\Ianufacturing Company, with shops at 
Charlestown, Massachusetts. Mr. Wesson 
was employed as superintendent of the factory 
and founded a somewhat erratic set of inven- 
tions, submitted for treatment at his skilled 
hands. Mr. Leonard had in mind some idea 
of a rapid firing gun, but his plans did not 
produce an arm which could discharge with 
regularity or handled with safety. He had 
better success, however, with the old "pepper 
box", the cluster of barrels of which was fired 
by a revolving hammer. As the weapon had 
no center of fire it was of course inaccurate 
and useless for target practice, yet it obtained 
some vogue and its manufacture was con- 
tinued at Windsor, \^ermont. The change re- 
leased Mr. Wesson, who then went to the as- 
sistance of Allen & Luther, of Worcester, who 
sought his aid in making gun barrels. It was 
while with this firm that Mr. Wesson became 
acquainted with his subsequent partner, Hor- 
ace Smith. An experiment about this time 
came very near costing Mr. Wesson his life. 
It was not made with one of his own construc- 
tion, however, but with the invention of Col- 
onel Porter, who had come up from the south 
to find some gimmaker capable of making 
practical his so-called magazine firing arm. 
The practical eye of Mr. Wesson saw at once 
that the weapon was a ludicrous thing which 
no skill could render available : but pressed by 

the colonel, he undertook to experiment with 
it and even to exhibit it before a board of 
ordnance officers, although heartily ashamed 
of his task. Notwithstanding every precau- 
tion in handling it. one chamber went off in- 
dependently, sending a bullet through Air. 
Wesson's hat. while another chamber, pointed 
directly at his body, narrowly missed fire. 
While giving his days of labor Mr. Wesson 
devoted a large part of his nights to thought 
and study. Out of his reflections and experi- 
ments came a decidedly great invention, name- 
ly, a practice cartridge that rendered percus- 
sion caps a superfluity. P.ut men without am- 
ple means at command are forced to remain 
inactive or proceed slowly. Mr. Wesson was 
brooding over his invention, convinced of its 
incontestible merit, when Courtland Palmer, 
of New York, came forward with an improve- 
ment bullet, that is, one hollowed out in part 
to receive a charge of powder which was held 
in place by a plug of cork, the latter perfor- 
ated to permit the flash from a primer to ig- 
nite the explosive. Although believing his 
own to be the better invention, Mr. Wesson 
felt constrained to accept the offer of the rich 
Mr. Palmer to enlarge his outlook as a pistol- 
maker, provided the Palmer invention was 
given the preference. While studying the 
Palmer cartridge Mr. Wesson made an im- 
provement on it for which he received a pa- 
tent — the addition of a steel disk on which 
the hammer could explode the fulminate, thus 
doing away with the primer. It was in work- 
ing out this plan that Mr. Wesson became as- 
sociated with the late Horace Smith, with 
whom in 1852 he formed a partnership and es- 
tablished a factory at Norwich, Connecticut. 
It was here that the two men worked out the 
principles of the arm now known as the Win- 
chester rifle, an arm which has been much im- 
proved but which in its main points is prac- 
tically unchanged to-day. They made this 
rifle for a time at Norwich, and later applied 
a similar principle to pistols and other small 
arms. Eventually they disposed of their pat- 
ents to the Volcanic Arms Company. In 1855 
Mr. Smith retired from the business and be- 
came otherwise engaged in Worcester. Mr. 
Wesson was at once called to the position of 
superintendent of the \'olcanic Arms Com- 
pany, to which the Winchester Arms Com- 
pany had since succeeded, and under its au- 
spices the Smith & Wesson cartridge (the 
self -primed metallic one that had proved prac- 
tical) was put into use. This cartridge was 
used in the Spencer rifles during the civil war. 



although the government was slow to adopt 
either cartridges or rapid fire guns. For years 
the inventors received a royalty on it. Ex- 
perimenting and testing his ideas incessantly, 
Mr. Wesson at length succeeded in perfect- 
ing a revolver, the peculiarity and merit of 
which consisted in the fact that the chambers 
ran entirely through the cylinder. The op- 
portunity for its manufacture came upon the 
reorganization of the A'olcanic Arms Com- 
pany, when, freed from his engagement, Mr. 
Wesson joined again with his old partner, Mr. 
Smith, who still remained in touch with him 
and was cognizant of the development. They 
hired premises on jMarket street, Springfield, 
in 1857, and with twenty-five workmen began 
operations. In i860, success having attended 
their efforts, they built a large factory on 
Stockbridge street, where owing to the large 
demand for their weapon starting during the 
civil war they came in time to employ six hun- 
dred workmen. The army, it is true, supplied 
only the old fashioned arm with percussion 
caps ; but the public with less conservatism and 
more wisdom, demanded the perfect weapon. 
In 1870 the attention of the wide-awake or- 
dinance officers of the Russian government 
was attracted to the Smith & \\'esson revolver, 
and the result was a contract to supply the 
Russian arm. Two hundred thousand were 
required for this purpose, and four years were 
consumed in filling the contract. In 1874 Mr. 
Smith retired, selling out his interest to Mr. 
Wesson, who, however, had not cared to 
change the style under which the business was 
conducted. The contract with the Russian 
government was but the prelude to a succes- 
sion of contracts from governments and firms 
all over the world, and the filling of these 
brought not only wealth to Mr. Wesson but a 
very great degree of prosperity to hundreds of 
skillful workmen, and incidentally to the city 
of Springfield. Since 1874 the plant has been 
materially increased, and it is to-day probably 
the finest and largest in America for pistol 
manufacturing, and a model in point of neat- 
ness, order and thoroughness, presenting the 
most pleasing aspect whether viewed without 
or within. 

Mr. Wesson was a man of unflagging in- 
dustry, and in this respect his habits remained 
practically the same when he was struggling 
to make his place in the world. His efforts 
and studies to improve his inventions were 
never relaxed. Out of these came a number 
of notable improvements which make the 
weapon of his invention indisputably first of 

its kind. One of the most important of these 
in the automatic extractor which expels the 
cartridge shells. Another is the safety de- 
vice in the handles, which makes it necessary 
to apply force in two directions to fire the 
weapon, although no additional eft'ort is re- 
quired. A means of preventing the accidental 
discharge of revolvers had been devised by 
Mr. Wesson and is applied in what is now 
known as "hammerless safey revolver". Since 
their introduction in 1887 at least one hundred 
thousand of these arms have been placed upon 
the market. The invention known as the "re- 
bounding lock" is an additional source of safe- 
ty. Fully one-third of the yearly output is of 
tile thirty-eight caliber. The other principal 
models are the thirty-two, thirty-eight, and 
forty-four, or army size. Single and double 
action weapons are made, also target pistols, 
and a central fire repeating rifle. All parts are 
made to gauge and are interchangeable. Re- 
loading and (lismounting tools are also manu- 
factured. The self-lubricating cartridge, long 
desired and upon which Mr. Wesson expended 
great thought, was perfected by him and 
placed on the market. Through its use the 
highest degree of accuracy is secured with 
practically no fouling of the barrel. 

Two of Mr. Wesson's sons. Walter H. and 
Joseph H., were associated with him in busi- 
ness. Both have won their place in the com- 
munity. The loyalty and devotion of the .sons 
was a reinforcement which any father would 
value. The large wealth which came to Mr. 
Wesson had been honestly earned along these 
lines of legitimate endeavor which have dis- 
tinguished his generation of the rich men of 
New England. In their success the personal 
equation has been the chief factor. The pow- 
er to originate came first, and then industry 
and sagacity, with the patient ability for sus- 
tained effort. 

While always concentrating his chief atten- 
tion upon his own extensive business, Mr. 
Wesson had his share in developing other local 
enterprises, while his investment interests 
were extensive. He was president of the 
Cheney Bigelow Wire Works, in Iowa, and 
he was one of the founders of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Springfield, and for many years 
one of its directors. He was largely inter- 
ested in the New York, New Haven & Hart- 
ford railroad, and had other railroad inves- 
ments. The amount of the fortune he left 
was large, being estimated at from five to 
twenty-five million dollars. Mr. Wesson was 
happily situated to give play for his love for 



architectural construction, which had been de- 
veloped and illustrated in the erection of his 
city and country residences. These are the 
most notable buildings of their localities in 
their handsome exteriors and in the perfection 
of their interior arrangements. From 1862 to 
about 1896 he occupied with his family a fine 
house on High street, which was built for 
them. Many years ago he erected in North- 
boro an elegant summer residence upon an at- 
tractive estate, the old homsetad where Mrs. 
Wesson was born and lived until her mar- 
riage. It is a landmark in central ]\Iassachu- 
setts, and is an object of admiration and pride 
to the people of the region. He died in the 
residence on ]\Iaple street, which takes rank 
as one of the finest in New England. It was 
designed by Bruce Price, of New York, is of 
red Maine granite, was some six years in con- 
struction, is one hundred and forty feet by 
ninety-six feet in dimensions, and an orna- 
ment to the city, being a slight departure 
from the French chateau style. Its interior 
decorations are exceptionally beautiful. This 
imposing and attractive home, the most costly 
residence in the city, overlooks from its sight- 
ly location the great pistol-making plant. 

Mr. \\'esson took but little active part in 
public aft'airs. although on one occasion, in 
1866, during a crisis, he consented to serve in 
the common council of Springfield. In politi- 
cal views he was strongly Republican. A man 
of pronounced views on temperance, he em- 
bodied his sentiments in two massive drinking 
fountains, erected on conspicuous sites for the 
benefit of the people. He enforced temper- 
ance so far as he could among his employees. 
He was a reliable and generous contributor to 
causes and institutions which appealed to his 
sympathy and good judgment. Two large and 
perfectly equipped hospitals constitute endur- 
ing memorials of Mr. and Mrs. Wesson. To- 
gether they joined, early in 1900, in establish- 
ing the Wesson Memorial Hospital in the res- 
idence on High street which they left for the 
splendid mansion on Maple street. A new hos- 
pital was erected by the side of the former 
High street home, which took the name of 
Wesson Memorial Hospital. Both of these, 
one provided to serve the homeopathic school 
of medicine, and the other to meet general 
need of the community, were equipped at all 
points equal to the best institutions of their 
kind anywhere. The homoeopathic hospital 
was completed in November. 1906, at a cost 
of $350,000, and then the former Wesson 
house, valued at 859,000, came to be used as 

a home for nurses ; November 20, 1908, was 
dedicated what is known as the Wesson Ma- 
ternity Flospital, on the same block as the 
Memorial hospital. This is perfectly ecjuipped 
in every way. It was begun some time before 
Air. Wesson's death but was not completed 
until after he had been dead two years. Mr. 
Wesson made specific provisions for the fu- 
ture maintenance of the hospital by an en- 
dowment of $250,000. This fund is to be held 
in perpetuity and the income applied to the 
support of the hospital. These three build- 
ings, the two hospitals and the nurses' home, 
constitute one of the grandest and noblest gifts 
ever made to the people of Massachusetts, and 
in the amount of their cost and the scope of 
their usefulness have seldom been equalled in 
this country by the donations of a single indi- 
vidual. Mr. Wesson never cared to talk about 
himself, and it was not easy to get at the facts 
of his career. Some years before his death, 
however, he requested a member of the staff of 
the Springfield Republican to prepare a sketch 
of his life for publication, and at that time al- 
most all that has been said above concerning 
him was obtained from Mr. Wesson and veri- 
fied by him, and was published in the Republi- 
can of August 5, 1906, succeeding his death. 
The following from the editorial columns of 
the Republican is a fitting summary of the 
life of Mr. Wesson : 

"The death of Daniel B. Wesson of this 
city, Saturday afternoon, in the ripeness of 
years and when the undertakings of his life 
had been perfected and yielded a great for- 
tune, will not afifect the active business life 
of to-day. The great Smith & Wesson es- 
tablishment will go on as before, with the two 
sons controlling it. In his personal relation- 
ship he will be pleasantly remembered, for he 
was of a friendly nature ; he gave much and 
cordially in a great variety of ways, while not 
always suiting his action to the things other 
people wanted him to do ; in the two great hos- 
pitals for which he provided, the Homoeopath- 
ic and the Maternity, there are left important 
and useful memorials of Air. and Mrs. Wes- 
son. It is expected that these will be further 
provided for in the will. \\'hile not active in 
community life outside of his business, Mr. 
W^esson was not neglectful of the obligations 
of citizenship as this or that cause was brought 
to his attention. He was an intelligent em- 
ployer of labor, masterful but progressive, and 
if at times of stress the men of his factory 
may have deemed him a stern employer, the 
story is that of fair dealing, and the record of 



the establishment, which was planted here in 
1857, almost half a century ago, is one in 
which Mr. Wesson was justified in taking 
pride. His business went on with an even 
productive flow that was proof of a forceful 
leadership that remained in command. One 
personality dominated. The Smith & Wesson 
establishment has been a substantial element 
in the industrial life of Springfield, going on 
its quiet and successful way and giving em- 
ployment to an army of men during the many 
years of its existence. To its directing spirit 
the city owes much. As an inventor and me- 
chanic Mr. Wesson took his place among the 
exceptional men. Not only did he devise and 
perfect the Smith & Wesson revolver, carry- 
ing it by personal ingenuity and resource to re- 
markable completeness, but the rifle made by 
the Winchester Arms Company, the favorite 
of frontiersmen, was also in its beginnings the 
product of Mr. Wesson's inventive skill. In 
the industrial life of his time Mr. Wesson was 
a large figure, and factor in carrying the name 
of Springfield over the earth. In him there 
was the unusual union of an inventor who was 
also a competent manufacturer. Mr. Wesson 
was thus, albeit in his modesty he probably 
never stopped think it out, our most import- 
ant and distinguished business man." 

Daniel B. Wesson married, May 26, 1847, 
Cynthia M. Hawes of Northboro, Massachu- 
setts. She was born in Northboro in 1825, 
and died July n, 1906. Her parents were 

Calvin and (Hemingway) Hawes. 

Their children were: Sarah Jeanette, Walter 
Herbert, Frank Luther, and Joseph Hawes. 

(VIII) Sarah Jeanette, eldest child of 
Daniel B. and Cynthia M. (Hawes) Wesson, 
was born in Hartford, Connecticut. May 21. 
1848, and was educated in the public schools 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, and at Miss 
Porter's boarding school at Farmington, Con- 
necticut. May 4, 1870. She married Dr. 
George Joseph Bull. After a visit to Europe 
they settled in Worcester, Massachusetts. 
where they lived some years. Mrs. Bull has 
long resided in Springfield, her present resi- 
dence being in Longhill street. Five children 
were born of this marriage : 

I. Florence Annie, born March 13, 1871, in 
Florence, Italy : was educated by a private tu- 
tor in Springfield, Massachusetts. She mar- 
ried (first) October 26, 1892, George M. 
Holbrook, by whom she had two children : 
Rachel and Esther. She married (second) 
William B. Houghton, of Brattleboro, Ver- 

mont, bi.irn July 6, 1872, bv whom she had 
one child, David Bradley, born May 13, 1905. 

2. Maria Beatrice, born February 23, 1872; 
was educated in the same manner as her older 
sister. She married Adam McKay Ganson, of 
New York City, who built the Flatiron build- 
ing, the Realty, the Penn.sylvania Terminal, 
the Trinity, and the Trinity Annex buildings. 
Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Ganson : Jeannette and Charles McKay. 

3. George Walter, died at nine years of age. 

4. Harcourt Wesson ; see forward. 

5. Alice Maud, died in infancy. 
Harcourt Wesson Bull, M. D., son of Dr. 

George Joseph and Sarah Jeanette (Wesson) 
Bull, was born at 55 Pearl street, Worcester, 
June 25, 1879. He was educated by private 
tutors, and in the Springfield grammar school, 
the Cornwall Heights school at Cornwall-on- 
Hudson, and at the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. He was connected with the 
Smith & Wesson business for seven years, and 
is now vice-president of the Monarch Valve 
and Manufacturing Company. In politics he 
is a Republican, and since 1907 has been a 
member of the common council of the city of 
Springfield. He is a member of the Spring- 
field Country Club, the Nayasset Club of 
Springfield, and St. Anthony's Club of Bos- 
ton. He and his family belong to Christ Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church of Springfield. He 
married, October 21, 1903, at Springfield, 
Edith Laurie Brooks, born April 24, 1879, at 
Springfield, daughter of Lawton Stickney and 
Annie (Laurie) Brooks. Her father is a phy- 
sician in Springfield, Massachusetts. Children, 
born in Springfield: i. Harcourt Wesson Jr., 
born September 25, 1904. 2. Jean Inglis, 
.A.pril 5, 1906. 3. Dana L. Lawton, Septem- 
ber 13, 1907. 

(For ancestry see preceding sketch). 

(VIII) Walter Herbert, eld- 
WESSON est son of Daniel B. and Cyn- 
thia M. (Hawes) Wesson, was 
born in Grafton, Massachusetts, January 23, 
1850, and was educated in the public schools 
of Springfield and at Williston Seminary. East 
Hampton. After leaving school he entered 
the office of Smith & Wesson and gave his en- 
tire attention to the business of the firm of 
which he became a member in 1882. His life 
has been devoted to the single purpose of car- 
rying on the manufacture of arms, and none 
of his time or energy has been employed in 
any other field. He is a member of no secret 
society and of but one club — the Nayasset. He 



married, in Springfield, September 7, 1881, 
Madeline Burt, who was born April 7, 1858, 
daughter of Francis and Hannah (Adams) 
Burt. They have two daughters, Madeline B., 
born July 17, 1882, and Vera J., born January 
4, 1884; both graduates of the MacDuffie 
School of Springfield. 

(Vni) Frank Luther, third son of Daniel 
B. and Cynthia AI. (Hawes) Wesson, was 
killed in a railroad accident at Hartford, Ver- 
mont, February 5, 1887. He received his early 
education in the public schools, and was a fel- 
low student with his brother, Walter H., at 
Williston. After his marriage he was for 
about three years a partner in the firm of 
Lovell, Adam & Wesson, printers and publish- 
ers, of New York City and Montreal, with a 
printing plant at Rouse's Point, New York, 
where Mr. Wesson was employed. About 
1877 he returned to Springfield, and for the 
remainder of his life was assistant superin- 
tendent of the Smith & Wesson revolver fac- 
tory. Like the other men of his family he de- 
voted his time to his business, taking no part 
in politics, except to vote, and belonging to no 
societies. He married Sarah Kurczine Lovell, 
of Montreal, Canada, daughter of John Lovell. 
of Montreal. !Mr. Lovell was publisher of the 
Canadian Gazeteer, Lovell's Geography, and 
other school books. The children of this mar- 
riage are: i. Mabel, was born in New York 
City; married John Murray, an English sub- 
ject, now an instructor in English literature in 
Harvard LTniversity. 2. Harold, mentioned 
below. 3. Frank Herbert, see below. 4. Cyn- 
thia, Maria, a student at Brvn Mawr, class of 

(IX) Harold, elder son of Frank L. and 
Sarah Kurczine (Lovell) Wesson, was born in 
Springfield. After graduating from the high 
school he attended the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology and the Lawrence Scientific 
School of Harvard LTniversity. After leaving 
the latter institution he entered the employ of 
Smith & Wesson, where he has since re- 
mained. He married Helen Mitchell Stedman, 
of Jamaica Plain. They have one child, 
Helen, born Sunday, December 13, 1908. 

(IX) Frank Herbert, second son of Frank 
L. and Sarah K. (Lovell) Wesson, was born 
Sunday. January 9, 1881. He took his early 
education in the grammar and high schools of 
Springfield, and entering Harvard, graduated 
B. A. S. with the clas of 1904, and then took 
a post-graduate course of one year in land- 
scape architecture. Preferring a life of im- 
mediate activity, he took employment in Oc- 

tober, 1905, with Smith & Wesson. He has 
filled various places, and since 1907 has been 
the firm's advertising manager. He is a Re- 
publican and an Episcopalian. He is a mem- 
ber of Gamma Chapter of the Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon, a college fraternity ; the Winthrop, 
the County, the Economic, the Connecticut 
Valley, Harvard, and Springfield Yacht clubs. 
He married, November 8, 1905, in Memphis, 
Tennessee, Mabel Victoria Wilson, born No- 
vember 23, 1885, daughter of Robert E. Lee 
and Elizabeth A. Wilson. They have a daugh- 
ter, ]Mary \'ictoria, born June i, 1908. 

(For ancestry see preceding sketches). 

(VIH) Joseph Hawes, young- 
WESSON est child of Daniel B. and Cyn- 
thia M. (Hawes) Wesson, was 
born September 27, 1859, and was educated in 
the grammar schools and Professor Stebbins' 
private school in Springfield, completing his 
course at the age of twenty years. After leav- 
ing school he accompanied his parents to Eu- 
rope, where he spent six months in travel. 
Shortly after attaining his twenty-first year he 
entered the Smith & Wesson factory, where 
he worked at the bench as an artisan one year, 
and another year in the draughting room, 
where he made drawings of tools and fixtures. 
Too close application to his work had a bad 
effect on his health, and he sought to restore 
lost vigor, first by a short visit to Europe, and 
then by a residence for a year and a half at 
Colorado Springs, Colorado. Finding himself 
again in health, he returned to the factory 
where he became superintendent, which posi- 
tion he filled until 1905, since which time his 
work has been of a more general character. He 
has been a partner in the business since 1887. 
Air. Wesson has an especial bent for me- 
chanics and to him numerous improvements in 
machinery are due, some of which he perfect- 
ed before he was twenty-one years of age. 
His invention of an automatic machine for 
drilling pistol barrels enables one man to do 
the work of five by the former methods in 
use. With his automatic machine for drilling 
cylinders, two men do the work formerly done 
by five. Another labor-saving device of his 
invention is an automatic machine for drilling 
holes in small pieces. Besides these he had 
devised many improvements that are referred 
to by him as "little things." In 1900 he spent 
three months in Europe, having the oversight 
of the firm's exhibit at the LIniversal Exposi- 
tion at Paris. He is a director of the LTnion 
Trust Company of Springfield. In political 



sentiment ho is a Republican, with a tendency 
to hberal views. He is a member of the Nay- 
asset and the Springfield Automobile clubs. 
He is fond of travel in his own country and 
has a familiar knowledge of most parts of the 
United States. 

He married, June 7, 1882, Florence May 
Stebbins, born November 27, i860, daughter 
of Professor Milan C. and Sophia (Pitts) 
Stebbins, of Springfield. Children : i. Eleanor 
Sanford, born April 21, 1883 ; married, No- 
vember 4, 1908, Flynt Lincoln, teller of the 
Springfield Safe Deposit and Trust Company. 
2. Douglas B., born October 23, 1884, see for- 
ward. 3. Victor Hawes, born October 6, 1890; 
now a student in the technical department of 
the high school, Springfield. 

(IX) Douglas Bertram, second child of Jo- 
seph H. and Florence :M. Stebbins) Wesson, 
was born in Springfield, October 23, 1884. He 
was educated by a private tutor primarily and 
then entered the high school from which he 
graduated in 1902. Following this he took a 
course in mechanical engineering in Sibley 
College, of Cornell University, graduating in 
1907. He was in the employ of the Union 
Trust Company of Springfield from January 
to September, 1908, and then became a clerk 
in the employ of Smith & Wesson. He is a 
member of the Delta Upsilon, a college fra- 
ternity, and the Winthrop Club of Springfield. 
He married, November 21, 1907, in Green- 
ville, North Carolina, Elba Brown Cotten, 
born near Greenville, October 29, 1886, daugh- 
ter of Robert Randolph and Sallie Simms 
(Southall) Cotten. 

(For preceding generations, see John Wesson 1). 

(HI) William, son or nephew 
WESSON of Samuel Wesson, was born 
about 1700. He and his brother 
Jeremiah settled at Sudbury, Massachusetts. 
William married, at Sudbury, March 30, 1721- 
22, Marv Stanhope, of an ancient Sudbury 
family. He appears to have been an early set- 
tler of Hopkinton, Massachusetts, with other 
Sudbury men. Some of his descendants have 
a tradition that he was an immigrant, but all 
the evidence at hand tends to show that he 
belongs in the Reading family of which the 
Springfield Wessons are also descended, ex- 
cept perhaps the following interesting adver- 
tisement copied from the Boston Evening 
Post, of June 11, 1753: "H William Pullen 
who was born in Shobrook, six miles from 
Exeter, England, and came to these parts 
thirty or forty years ago (about the same 

time that Williani Wesson settled in Sud- 
bury ) is yet alive and will come to William 
Wesson of Hopkinton in New England he 
may hear of an estate in land worth 500 sterl- 
ing per annum left him by one Mr. Pullen of 
Thorverton near Exeter and there is no heir 
found to enjoy it." William Wesson was a 
member of the Hopkinton church in 1752, and 
must have been of age. A Captain William 
Wesson, probably of this family, died at Marl- 
borough, March 21, 1816, aged forty-four. 
Children: i. William, mentioned below. 2. 
John, soldier in the revolution. Perhaps oth- 

(IV) William (2), son of William (i) 
Wesson, was born about 1730-40: married, 
April II, 1764, at South borough, Mary Bruce. 
He married (second) at Southborough, being 
then of Hopkinton. February 9, 1789, Mrs. 
Sally Bixby, of Hopkinton. He was a soldier 
in tile revolution, credited to Dudley, Massa- 
chusetts, in Captain Corbin's company, Col- 
onel Davis's regiment, in 1777. According to 
the federal census there were two of the fam- 
ily in Hopkinton in 1790 — John; a brother 
Levi, who appears to be a relative, probably 
son of John (IV). William was then in Athol 
and had one son over sixteen, one under that 
age, and three females in the family. Chil- 
dren: I. Josiah, whose will at Worcester has 
made clear much of the family history, dated 
May 23, 1843, at Athol, filed June 20, 1843, 
bequeathing to sister Susanna Priest, niece 
Mary Brown, to children of brother William 
Wesson, to other heirs not named, and leav- 
ing the greater part of his estate to Maria, 
wife of Samuel Cummings Jr., including lands 
in Athol and Petersham. 2. William Brig- 
ham, mentioned below. 3. Daughter, married 

Brown. 4. Susanna, married 


(VI) Rev. William Brigham Wesson, 
eldest son of William Wesson, was born 
at Hopkinton, Massachusetts, May 29, 1777. 
He removed while young with his parents 
to Athol, and mainly by his own exertions 
was enabled to graduate at Williams College, 
in 1802. On August 7, 1805, he was called to 
be pastor of the Hardwick church, and his 
salary was fixed at five hundred dollars a year. 
He was ordained October 20, 1805, and for 
several years continued as their pastor. In 
the pulpit his stately form and magnificent 
voice gave full effect to his di-scourses, while 
in private life his afifability of manners and 
buoyancy of spirit attracted a multitude of 
friends. In 1810 sixty-five persons became 



members of his church, the same number that 
were admitted during the entire pastorate of 
his predecessor. In 1820 there was an addi- 
tion of a hundred and fourteen members, a 
larger number than ever before or since ad- 
mitted in one year. About 1815 the Trinitar- 
ian and Unitarian controversy became promi- 
nent, and Mr. Wesson was not an active par- 
tisan on either side, preserving comparative 
harmony in the parish. The Hardwick church 
was in the territory of the Brookfield Associa- 
tion, wliicli was strongly Trinitarian, and soon 
his faith was questioned. A committee was 
appointed to confer with him as to his belief, 
and relations grew strained in the parish. May 
29, 1824, Mr. Wesson tendered his resignation 
to the church, and the church accepted it June 
14, 1824. During his ministry he received 232 
persons into the churcli, baptized 395 adults 
and children, and attended 463 funerals. Af- 
ter his dismission he engaged temporarily in 
mercantile business, but chiefly devoted his 
attention to the cultivation of his farm, which 
was inherited by his eldest son. He married, 
November 5, 1807, (intentions dated October 
II, 1807), Azubah Maria Graves, of Athol. 
(See Graves). He died Alay 9, 1836, aged 
nearly fifty-nine, and was buried in the new 
cemetery. His wife, died August 13, 1863, 
aged about seventy-nine. Children: i. ]\Iaria 
Loraine, born November 19, 18 10: married, 
September 27, 1831, Moses F. Dickinson. 2. 
William Cutler, born December 23, 1814. 3. 
Theresa Rivers. April 8, i8r6; died May 7, 
1816. 4. William Brigham, born March 21. 
1820. 5. Ezekiel Lysander Bascom, Septem- 
her 5, T823: mentioned below. 6. Alice 
Graves, August 14, 1827; died young. 

(VH) Ezekiel Lysander Bascom Wesson. 
son of Rev. William Brigham Wesson, was 
horn September 5, 1823, at Hardwick, and 
died there 1896. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of his native town. He was a 
farmer and wholesale butcher for many years, 
and dealt extensively in real estate. In poli- 
tics he was a Republican, in religion a Uni- 
tarian. His home was the old Timothy Paige 
place near his father's fann, beautifully lo- 
cated and commanding a magnificent view of 
the surrounding country. He married Martha 
S. Dow, born 1831, at New Braintree, Massa- 
chusetts, died in 1903, at Hardwick, daughter 
of Plinny and \'iah Dow. Children, born in 
Hardwick: i. Edwin L., born August 14, 
1852; married, September 23, 1880, NelHe 
Dow. 2. George Cutler, born October 13, 
1862, mentioned below. 3. Almon Frank, 

born April 4. 1864; married Cora Wiley; son, 
Fred. 4. William Plinny, born May 21, 1868. 

5. Ellen M., October 31. 1870. 6. Elizabeth, 
October 12, 1872. 

(VIII) George Cutler Wesson, son of 
Ezekiel Lysander Bascom Wesson, was born 
at Hardwick, October 13, 1862. He received 
his education in the public schools. He worked 
for his father in the meat and provision busi- 
ness until he was twenty years old. Then he 
bought ^ horse and wagon and started in the 
teaming business in a modest way, adding to 
his facilities from time to time as business in- 
creased. He removed to Ware in 1887. He 
does an extensive business as a general con- 
tractor, having had some large street railway 
contracts for grading and filling. He is also 
in the wood and lumber business, buying 
wood-lots and cutting the timber. He has a 
large express business in Ware and vicinity. 
Mr. Wesson is a Republican in politics, and is 
at present superintendent of streets in Ware. 
He is a prominent member of the Unitarian 
church. He is a member of Ware Lodge No. 
209, of Odd Fellows: Eden Lodge of Free 
Masons ; King Solomon Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons ; Northampton Commandery, Knights 
Templar, of Springfield : Melha Temple, Mys- 
tic Shrine : of Oasis Lodge, No. 145, Daugh- 
ters of Rebekah ; of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen ; of Ware Grange, Patrons 
of Husbandry. 

He married. August 2, 1882, Lizzie Abbott, 
born May 3, 1863, at Prescott, Massachusetts, 
daughter of John and [ane (\'aughan) Ab- 
bott. (See Abbott, VII). Children: i. 
Harry, born September 10, 1883, graduate of 
\\'are High school, now associated with his 
father. 2. Earle, born in 1901 ; died 1902. 

(The Graves Line). 

(III) Nathaniel Graves, son of John 
Graves, grandson of Thomas Graves (q. v.), 
was bom at Hatfield, June 10, 1671, and died 
about 1757. He resided in Hatfield, and mar- 
ried, April 30, 1702, Rebecca, born April 16, 
1683. daughter of John Allis. Children: i. 
Rebecca, born October 25, 1703. 2. Mary, 
February 22, 1706; married Isaac Graves. 3. 
Nathaniel, November 16, 1707. 4. Ruth, z\u- 
gust 16, 1709. 5. Eleazer. December 12, 1711; 
mentioned below. 6. Israel. June 23, 1716. 7. 
IMartha, October 29, 1718; married, December 

6, _ 1739, Eleazer Cowles, of Hatfield. 8. 
Oliver, August 6. 1725. 

(IV) Eleazer, son of Nathaniel Graves, 
was born in Hatfield. December 12, 171 1, and 



died September 24, 1756. He married, Oc- 
tober I, 1736, Sarah Belding, died September 
26, 1766, daughter of Samuel Belding, of Hat- 
field. He removed about 1745 to Athol, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he became a leading citizen. 
Children, born at Hatfield: i. Samuel, Octo- 
ber 12, 1737. 2. Mary, October 12, 1737. 2. 
Mary, October 14, 1739. 3. Sarah, February 
20, 1742; died January 31, 1772. 4. Lucy, 
born April 10, 1744. Born at Athol: 5. 
Eleazer, 1746; died young. 6. Abner, 1748; 
mentioned below. 7. Lois, February'^, 1755; 
married, August 30, 1804, Captain Lucius Al- 
lis, of Conway, Massachusetts. 8. Eleazer, 
January 14, 1759. 9. Elijah, 1762; died Au- 
gust 6, 1773. 

(V) Lieutenant Abner, son of Eleazer 
Graves, was born in Athol, in 1748. and died 
March 26, 1830. He resided at Athol, and 
served in the revolution ; he was lieutenant in 
Captain Ichabod Dexter's company of minute- 
men. Colonel Doolittle's regiment, April, 
1775; also lieutenant of Ninth company, Col- 
onel Wesson's regiment. Continental army. He 
married, February 12, 1768, Alice Richardson, 
of Royalston, who died October 3, 1824. Chil- 
dren : I. Lucinda, born October 30, 1769; 
married, November 5, 1787, Freeborne Ray- 
mond. 2. Hannah, born Alay 27, 1770; mar- 
.ried, October 3, 1793, Aaron Lord, of Athol. 
3. Alice, born October 18, 1772; married, No- 
vember 9, 1806, Jonathan Orcutt, of Temple- 
ton. 4. Susa, born October 28, 1775 ; mar- 
ried, October 24, 1799, Jonathan Newhall. 5. 
Abner, born July 8, 1780; married, June 12, 
1806, Dolly Smith. 6. Azubah, born Septem- 
ber 2, 1784; married, November 5, 1807, Rev. 
William B. Wesson, of Hardwick. (See 
Wesson, VI). 

George Abbott (not of An- 
ABBOTT dover), immigrant ancestor, 
was probably born in England, 
and died in Rowley, Massachusetts, in 1647. 
He was one of the first settlers of Rowley, 
coming from England there in 1642. He deed- 
ed most of his estate to his eldest son Thomas 
before his death. He had two acres granted 
him for a house lot, and had other land. He 
was one of the thirty contributors towards 
buying land of the Rogers Company in 
Rowley. He had four sons, two named 
Thomas, one being called "senior," the other 
"junior." This practice was somewhat com- 
mon in England at that time, but seems to 
have confused the genealogist of the family, 
who concludes the younger was adopted. The 

younger Thomas was apprenticed to John 
Boynton, and at the death of his father, 
Humphrey Reynor and George Mighill were 
appointed as guardians of the minor sons, 
George, Nehemiah, and Thomas. The elder 
Thomas had received land from his father, 
being the eldest son, and was doubtless of 
age at the time of his father's death. Mark 
Simons was executor of the estate, and 
George Abbott's will is referred by the gen- 
eral court to the Salem court, November 11, 
1647, though no will has been found. Chil- 
dren : I. Thomas, Sr. ; received land from his 
father by deed of gift; died September, 1659; 
married, July 13, 1655, E)orothy Swan ; re- 
sided at Rowley ; bequeaths to his brothers 
George, Nehemiah and Thomas, in a nun- 
cupative will dated August 31, 1659. 2. 
George, mentioned below. 3. Nehemiah. 
4. Thomas, Jr. 

(H) George (2), son of George (i) Abbott, 
was born in England, about 1631, and came 
to New England with his father about 1642, 
and lived at Rowley for about fourteen 
years. In 1655 he settled in that part of An- 
dover afterwards North Andover, but now 
Andover Center. He was a tailor and hus- 
bandman, and was one of the five wealthiest 
men in the town. He was a member of Ser-. 
geant James Osgood's military company, and 
previously of Sergeant Stevens' company. He 
was admitted freeman IMay 19, 1669, and 
elected constable June 3, 1680. For many 
years he had charge of the North meeting 
iiouse at Andover. He had land granted 
him and his first house was probably on the 
site occupied by the house of John Bannon in 
1900. He died intestate March 22, 1688-9, 
aged about fifty-eight years. He married, in 
Ipswich, .April 26, 1658, Sarah, daughter of 
Ralph and Alice Farnum, who came from 
England in 1635. She married (second: A; ■ 
gust I, 1689, Sergeant Henry Ingalls, and 
died in 1728, aged ninety. Children; i. 
George, born January 28, 1658-9 ; mentioned 
below. 2. Sarah, born September 6, 1660; 
died November 6, 1723 ; married, October 19, 
1 68 1. John Faulkner. 3. John, born August 
26, T662. 4. Alary, born March 20, 1664-5; 
married. May 13. 1687, Lieutenant Stephen 
Barker. 5. Nehemiah. born July 20, 1667. 6. 
Hannah, born September 22. 1668; married, 
April 16. 1695, James Ingalls. 7. Mehitable, 
born February 17, 1671 ; died young. 8. 
Lvdia, born March 31, 1675; died March 11, 
1739; married, November 28, 1695, Ensign 
Henrv Chandler. 9. Samuel, born May 30, 



1678. 10. Mehitable, born April 4, 1680; 
died March 28, 1757; married, June 11, 1701, 
Gershoin Cutter. 

(Ill) George (3), son of George (2) Ab- 
bott, was born January 28, 1658-9, in Andov- 
er, and resided there. He was a farmer and 
shoemaker. His father gave him sixteen 
acres of upland on which he built his house, 
probably opposite his father's. The vacant 
site is now probably a part of the Kittredge 
estate. He died January 24, aged sixty-five 
years. His will was dated October i, 1724, 
and proved December 7, 1724, his son Urish 
being executor. He married (first) Septem- 
ber 13, 1689, Elizabeth Ballard, died May 6, 
1706, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth 
(Phelps) Ballard and granddaughter of Wil- 
liam Ballard, a pioneer settler of Andover. 
He married (second) July 21, 1707, Hannah 
Estey, born in Topsfield, 1667, died Novem- 
ber 5, 1741, daughter of Isaac and Mary 
(Towne) Estey, and granddaughter of Jef- 
frey Estey, of Salem, in 1636. -Her mother, 
Mary Estey, was executed in Salem for witch- 
craft September 22, 1692, a "woman of sound 
judgment and exalted Christian character." 
Children, all bv first wife: i. George, born 
July 28, 1691. 2. Uriah, November 20, 1692. 

3. Captain Jacob, March 19, 1694; died April 
22, 1771 ; married, May i, 1722, Ruth Foster. 

4. Elizabeth, born November 5, 1695; died 
December i, 1715; married, November 25, 
1714, Deacon David Foster. 5. Obed, born 
March 16. 1696-7 ; mentioned below. 6. 
Moses, born February 14, 1698. 7. Peter, 
July 27, 1701. 8. Sarah, :\Iarch 17, 1702-3; 
married, September 6, 1728, Deacon Com- 
fort Barnes. 9. Hannah, born April 16, 
1706; married, August 30, 1727, David Gil- 

(IV) Obed, son of George (3) Abbott, 
was born March 16, 1696-07, in Andover. He 
lived on the Salem road, probably in Salem, 
on land bought of his father. He was a farm- 
er and weaver. On January 13, 1721, he 
bought land in Billerica and removed there. 
He resided in that part of Billerica which is 
now Bedford. He was fence viewer 1729-30- 
31-50; tythingman 1732-38; constable 1733; 
highway surveyor 1735-39-42-56-58; modera- 
tor iV39-46-'49-5o-52-56-68-7i ; selectman 
1739; grand juror 1745; town treasurer 1746- 
47-48-49-50-56; assessor 1749; deer reeve 
1754; warden 1761 ; school committee many 
years, and also on other committees of im- 
portance. That he was a man of tact and 
ready wit is shown by the following occur- 
iv— 33 

ence. It is said that when Rev. ^Ir. Penne- 
man was ordained there was some objection 
to one of the men sitting in the council. The 
ministers assembled wrangled concerning this 
point until the people feared there would be 
no ordination. IMr. Abbott called for the in- 
gredients, and made a fine punch. He carried 
it to the council chamber, and said that they 
had been laboring long and doubtless needed 
refreshment, and hoped they would receive it 
kindly, and if, perchance, they should discover 
a fiy or mote in the punch, they would care- 
fully remove it without spilling the punch or 
breaking the bowl. The gentlemen drank the 
punch and took the hint, and the ordination 
was accomplished speedily. He married, in 
Salem, February i, 1721-22, Ehzabeth Tar- 
bell, born ]\Iarch 22, 1693-94, died yiay 29, 
1752, daughter of John and I\Iary Tarbell. He 
died in Bedford, May 11, 1773, aged seventy- 
six years. His will was dated January 4, 1758 
and proved Januar\- 8, 1773. Children: i. 
Jonathan, born in Salem, April i, IJ723 ; men- 
tioned below. 2. Elizabeth, born in Salem, 
February 5, 1724-25; died young. 3. Moses, 
born in Bedford, January 13, 1727-28. 4. 
Sarah, born in Bedford, April 22, 1729; died 
January 9, 1815; married, February 11. 1747- 
48, Hon. Isaac Stearns. 5. Elizabeth, bom 
March 16, 1751 ; died April 12, 1773; married, 
December 9, 1756, Lieutenant Abijah Cutler. 
6. John, born February 4, 1732-33 ; in the rev- 
olution. 7. Mary, born February 16, 1734- 
35; married, August 4, 1774, Daniel Parker. 
(Y ) Ensign Jonathan, son of Obed Abbott, 
was bom in Salem, April i, 1723, and died 
January 26, 1805, aged eighty-one. He lived 
in West Brookfield, on the main road to New 
Braintree, on the last farm in Brookfield, and 
was quite a large land owner in New Brain- 
tree, Warren and West Brookfield. He 
is called "gent" and lieutenant in the records. 
He was ensign in Captain Aaron Rice's com- 
pany, Colonel Brown's regiment, on the Crown 
Point expedition in 1755 ; was probably also in 
his uncle Captain Jacob .Abbott's company as 
clerk in expedition to Fort \\'illiam Henry in 
1757. He served in the revolution in Captain 
Asa Danforth's company, which marched 
from Brookfield in 1777 to join General Gates' 
army, and was at the battle of Saratoga. He 
was constable in Brookfield in 1774. His will 
was dated January 23, 1805, and his estate 
was inventoried August 13, 1805, at $2,244.75. 
Children, born in West Brookfield: i. John, 
1762: mentioned below. 2. Mary, March 12. 
1764; married, February i. 1784, Ebenezer 



Bartlett. 3. David, January 14, 1766. 4. 
Jonathan, March 23, 1768. 5. Moses, Novem- 
ber 2, 1770. 

(VI) John, son of Ensign Jonathan Ab- 
bott, was born in West Brookfield, August 23, 
1762, and died in Ohio, November 20, 
1818 (?), aged fifty-six years. He was a 
farmer, and hved in the homestead in West 
Brookfield, and was collector of taxes in 
Brookfield in 1789. He was in the revolution, 
in Captain Joseph Boynton"s company, Col- 
onel Wood's regiment ; served from July 25, 
1778 to January i, 1779, and was in North 
Kingston, and twice in East Greenwich, 
Rhode Island. He married, September 17, 
1789, Anna Nichols, born August 27, 1760, 
daughter of James Nichols, of West Brook- 
field. Children, born in West Brookfield: i. 
James, July 29. 1790. 2. Elizabeth, March 
21, 1792; died April 29, 1868; married Dr. 
Alvah Annis. 3. Sophia, February 22, 1794; 
married May 17, 1818, Calvin Stowe. 4. 
Jonathan, December 17, 1795; died October 
14, 1796. 5. Martha, December 7, 1797; 
married, February 23, 1824, Ridley Bannister. 
6. Pamelia, October 20, 1779; died February 
5, 1866; married, 1820, Hon, Bonum Nye. 7. 
George, October 19, 1802; mentioned below. 
8. Mary, March 30, 1806; died July 28, 1842; 
married Norman Baker. 

(VII) George, son of John Abbott, was 
born in West Brookfield, October 19, 1802, 
and died August 13, 1887, at Prescott, Massa- 
chusetts. He was a farmer, and bought the 
homestead at West Brookfield, conditionally, 
of his brother James. He removed in 1832 to 
Prescott, where he died. He married, in 1832, 
Hannah Harwood, born 1796, in Shutesbury, 
died November 28, 1870, daughter of Jacob 
and Lydia (Tailor) Harwood, of New Salem. 
Children: i. John, born May 13, 1833; men- 
tioned below. 2. Sophia Stone, born Septem- 
ber 6, 1834; died July 24, 1853. 3. Charles, 
born 1836; died 1837. 4. Mary Harwood, 
"born May 6, 1838. 5. Charles James, Septem- 
ber 15, 1839. 

(VIII) 'John (2), son of George Abbott, 
was born in Prescott, Massachusetts, May 13, 
1833, and died in Ware, December 23, 1896. 
He served four years in the civil war. He 
married, in September, 1831, Mary Jane 
Vaughn, born 1837, died 1902. He resided in 
Ware, Massachusetts. Children: i. Nettie, 
married Lucius Harris, of East Brookfield. 2. 
Sophia, married Myron Pierce. 3. Eoline, 
married Munroe Hartshorn, of Orange. 4. 
Wilfrod, died unmarried. 5. Martha, mar- 
ried William Tobin, of Ware. 6. Lizzie, born 

May 3, 1863, married George C. Wesson. (See 
Wesson, VIII). 7. Elmer, died young. 8. 
Henry, married Kate Sullivan. 9. Frederick, 
married Minnie Harrington. 10. Lilla, mar- 
ried Frank Allen, of Ware. 

The real germ of a human 
RUSSELL stock is undiscoverable, 
though, as expressed in the 
family, like Tennyson's brook, "it goes on 
forever." Through change of habitation 
came the change of name. Some families 
now common here have been traced in a 
connected line to the plains of Lombardy ; 
others to the fastnesses of Scandinavia. The 
flow of emigration in continental Europe in 
the Middle .\ges was from the north, the 
south and the east, concentrating in the allu- 
vial valleys of the Seine, the Rhone, the 
Rhine and the Danube. Transferred to Eng- 
land in 1060 this stock was reinforced by the 
Anglo-Saxons. The present family began 
with a line of preachers, but it drifted into 
other walks, and within the memory of men 
now living it was an important factor in the 
introduction of railroads in western Massa- 
chusetts and concerned in their management. 
Following its peregrinations from Cam- 
brige, thence to Connecticut where it helped 
found Wethersfield, then to the banks of the 
Connecticut river where it founded Hadley, 
Massachusetts, returning to its own again, 
it remained for a time in the state of "nut- 
megs and steady habits," coming back to the 
Connecticut valley to the splendid city of 

(I) We begin this statistical history with 
John Russell, who was born in England in 
1595, was a widower with two sons, and 
came to Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1636. 
He was a glazier. He was made a freeman 
in 1636, town clerk in 1645, constable in 
1648, and removed to Wethersfield, Con- 
necticut, the same year. He occupied the 
homestead of his second wife's deceased hus- 
band. The Sergeant John Strickland house 
was given to a John Russell by the town, and 
was either he or his son. He had a bitter 
church controverssy over doctrinal points 
with the Rev. Henry Smith and a portion of 
his flock, during which Smith died. He re- 
moved to Hadlev, Massachusetts, and died 
there Mav 8, 1680. He married, in Wethers- 
field, Dorothv, widow of his late enemy. Rev. 
Mr. Smith. Children by first marriage: John, 
and Philip, who married the daughter of his 

(II) Rev. John (2), eldest son of John (i) 



Russell, was born in the British Isle, and 
died in Hadley, Massachusetts, December 10, 
1692. He came to New England with his 
father, graduated from Harvard College in 
1645, there having been but thirteen previous 
graduates. At \\'ethersf:eld he succeeded the 
Rev. Henry Smith as pastor, him whom he 
and his father quarrelled with. This religious 
dissension led to his removal to Massachu- 
setts, taking with him the ''withdrawers,' 
where he founded the town of Hadley, then 
called Norwottuck, one of the first towns to 
be settled in the Connecticut valley. He was 
the founder of the church there, the oldest in 
the Connecticut valley, and his salary was 
eighty pounds per annum. He cut his own 
firewood, and drew the same up by handsled. 
He had a town lot of eight acres, thirty-two 
acres of tillage, and his tax-rate was fifteen 
shillings and five pence. Although he left 
Wethersfield in a religious disturbance, he 
appears to have got along well in Hadley, ex- 
cept he alienated some of his supporters in 
the Hopkins school measure, which was a 
very worthy cause. This school is among the 
grand deeds of his useful and eventful life. 
He fought for it when others who did not 
value education opposed it. It exists to-day, 
and is one of the most endurable monuments 
of Parson Russell. Its pupils have numbered 
Professor William D. Whitney, of Yale, 
President L. Clark Seelye, of Amherst, Em- 
ma Ballard, the wife of Henry Ward Beech- 
er, and General Joseph Hooker. 'Sir. Russell 
preached the election sermon in Boston in 
May, 1665, from Psalms CXXII-6. He con- 
cealed in his cellar the regicides judges Goffe, 
Whalley and Dixwell, who were of the sixty- 
seven to condemn Charles I. to the scaffold. 
He considered them friends of civil liberty. 
Goffe and Whalley died in Hadley, and were 
buried in the Russell cellar and their bones 
have since been discovered there. Parson 
Russell had decision of character, and was 
constant in his friendships, as is seen in the 
case of the regicides. His estate inventoried 
one hundred and six pounds, and among the 
items were three negroes valued at sixty 
pounds. He is buried at Hadley, and on his 
tablet is this inscription: "Reverend Russell's 
remains, who first gathered & for 33 years 
faithfully governed the flock of Christ in 
Hadley, til the Chief Shepherd suddenly 
called him off to receive his reward in his 
66th year of his age, December 10, 1692. 
Rebekah, made by God a meet help to Mr. 
John Russell & fellow-laborer in Christ's 

work : a wise, virtuous, pious mother in Is- 
rael lyes here in full assurance of a joyful 
resurrection. She died in her 56th year of 
her age, November 21, 1628." Mr. Russell 
married (first) January, 1649, Mary, daughter 
of worshipful John and Dorothy (Moot) Tal- 
cott, of Hartford. He married (second) Reb- 
ekah, daughter of Thomas Newbury. He 
married (third) Phebe, daughter of Thomas 
Gregson and widow of Rev. John Whitney. 
Children : John, Jonathan, Samuel, referred 
to hereafter ; Eleazer and Daniel. 

(HI) Rev. Samuel, third son of Rev. John 
(2) and Rebekah (Newbury) Russell, was 
born in Hadley, November 4, 1668, died in 
Branford, Connecticut, June 15, 1731. He 
graduated from Harvard College in 1681. It 
is said that history repeats itself; family his- 
tory surely does, and Samuel was ordained 
as a preacher of the gospel at Deerfield, 
Massachusetts, in March, 1687. He had pre- 
viouslv been a teacher at the Hopkins school, 
which had been the solicitude of his reverend 
father. He owned in Deerfield a house-lot 
which he sold to William Arms. In 1687 he 
settled at Branford, near New Haven. He 
married Abigail, daughter of Rev. John 
Whitney, and a sister to his step-mother, he 
and his father marrying sisters. Children: 
John, Abigail, Samuel, Timothy, Daniel, 
Jonathan, Ebenezer, hereafter noted. 

(I\^) Ebenezer, youngest son of Rev. Sam- 
uel and Abigail (\\''hitney) Russell, was born 
probably in Branford, May 4, 1703, and lived 
in Windsor, Connecticut. We do not know 
the name of his wife. He had children: i. 
Ellis, born about 1725. 2. Susannah, March 
14, 1736. 3. Anna. October 26, 1739. 4. 
Ebenezer, referred to later. 5. Hannah, 
March 16, 1745. 6. Jonathan, May i. 1748. 
7. Lucy, July 30, 1749. 8. Jerusha, June 21, 
1751- 9- Joliii. August 27, 1755. 

(V) Ebenezer (2), son of Ebenezer (i) 
Russell, was born in Windsor, in 1740, and 
had several children. His son is the subject of 
the next paragraph. 

(VI) Wyllis, son of Ebenezer (2) Russell, 
was born in W'indsor, died in Ellington, Con- 
necticut, after 1847. He was a representative 
to the general court in 1 806-08-11 -12. His 
son is the subject of the next paragraph. 

(MI) Stephen Otis, son of Wyllis Russell, 
was born in East Hartford, Connecticut, De- 
cember 13, 1793, died in Ellington. November 
26, 1837. He removed to Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, engaged in the hotel business and 
was landlord of the Franklin, Eagle and Rock- 



ingham hotels. He held the office of constable 
from 1827 to 1846, inclusive, was a selectman, 
member of the school committee in 1830, and 
tax collector from 1831 to 1838. He was 
highway surveyor in the years 1837-38-39-40- 
41, and it was while serving in this office that 
the road from Cabotville to Round Hill was 
built. He took a great interest in beautifying 
the town, and set out a row of trees on State 
street in front of Benton lawn. He was one 
of the active promoters in the beginning of 
the Boston & Albany Railroad, and secured 
subscriptions of stock at a time when the con- 
fidence of the public in the enterprise was at 
a low ebb, and it took much persuasion on his 
part to induce men to invest their money. It 
was with this road that three of his sons were 
afterward closely identified. The name of 
his wife was Mary McCrae. Children: i. 
William H., who was chief engineer on the 
Boston & Albany. 2. Charles Otis, referred 
to hereafter. 3. James, a conductor on the 
Boston & Albany. 4. George, who went to 
Cleveland, also two daughters. 

(VHI) Charles Otis, second son of Stephen 
Otis and ']\Iary (McCrae) Russell, was born 
in Ellington, August 30, 1824, died in Spring- 
field, January 8, 1895. Early in life he came 
to that city with his father. His opportunities 
for education were meager, and he studied by 
himself to be informed on the great questions 
of the day. His first employment was in a 
drug store in a subordinate position, and later 
in a general store. He began his long railroad 
career as a surveyor, carrying the chain. In 
1845 he went to the office of the Western road 
as a clerk, and soon made paymaster. In 1858 
he was made assistant superintendent under 
Henry Grey, and in 1867 promoted to be su- 
perintendent. When the consolidation of the 
Western road occurred in 1868, he held the 
same position on the Boston & Albany. Mr. 
Russell knew the railroad business from A 
to Z, and was well adapted to such a career, 
for which he was admirably trained. When 
an emergency arose, he rose with it with 
splendid reserve strength, and there are many 
emergencies in railroad life. The details of 
a manager in those days were many and 
varied, and there was no specialization of du- 
ties that obtains to-day. A superintendent was 
expected to man a train for fire relief, or a 
wreck, listen to complaints, as well as issue 
tickets. It required an all-around man. He 
did not hesitate to run as spare conductor if 
occasion were. Chester W. Chapin picked his 
men with a discriminating hand, and the fact 

that Mr. Russell was one of his trusted lieu- 
tenants speaks volumes in itself. When he re- 
signed the directors spread these resolutions 
on the record : "The directors of the Boston 
& Albany railroad sincerely regret that 
Charles O. Russell has occasion on account of 
ill health to resign his position as superin- 
tendent of the road, and the directors bear 
greatful testimony to the ability, integrity and 
faithful devotion with which for so many 
years he has performed the duties of his of- 
fice." To his late employes Mr. Russell issued 
the following circular letter: "To the em- 
ployes of the Boston & Albany railroad: On 
the first of December I sever my connection 
with this company. I take this means of ex- 
pressing to you my heartfelt appreciation of 
the kindness and courtesy which I have re- 
ceived from you at all times. If any have been 
wronged during my service for the company I 
sincerely regret it. Wishing you happiness, 
I remain yours respectfully, Charles O. Rus- 
sell." In social and public life Mr. Russell 
filled his niche, though he was disinclined to 
official preferment. He was a Mason of 
Knight Templar rank. He was a director in 
the Chapin National Bank, and trustee in the 
Hampden Savings Bank. The Russells were 
hereditary Democrats from way back, but 
Charles O. voted independently at times. He 
was a member of the city council in 1856-57. 
He joined the City Guards in 1855, and was 
connected with the Old Ocean fire company, 
No. 4. Charles O. Russell was as true a gen- 
tleman as ever lived, kind-hearted, but not so 
demonstrative as his brother, James. He pos- 
sessed in an uncommon degree the qualities of 
courtesy, fine reserve and great energy. He 
was very popular among the trainmen, and 
moved among them as one of their number. 
He never forgot he came from the ranks him- 
self, yet this familiarity was of a kind that 
did not lesson in the least his authority over 
his men. His word was a command. He was 
shy even to sensitiveness and despised no- 
toriety. When he went to California for his 
health, the men on his road were greatly con- 
cerned about him. They arranged to get word 
to Springfield when he was on his way east,, 
and the Chester operator wired the message 
of his coming. On arrival he was horrified to 
find the old battery drawn up at the depot fir- 
ing a salute in his honor. Hundreds of men 
were out to greet him. Such demonstrations 
were utterlv distasteful to him, though he 
knew it sprang from hearts longing for his re- 




He married (^firstj Alarriette Linsley, of 
Branford, and they had one child, a daughter. 
He married (second) Eugenia, daughter of 
WiUiam and Mary Jane Bradley, also of 
Branford, and a granddaughter of Captain 
John and Deborah Bradley, of New Haven, 
who was a prominent railroad man of that 
city. , 

(For preceding generations, see Jolin Russell 1). 

(V) Ellis Russell, son of 
RUSSELL Ebenezer Russell, was born 
about 1752. He settled in 
Windsor, Connecticut, and married there 
November 14, 1751, Jane Catherine Wolcott, 
born February 22, 1733, daughter of Thomas 
and Catherine (Loomis) Wolcott. Catherine 
Loomis was born December 19, 1702, daugh- 
ter of Moses Loomis. Thomas Wolcott, born 
April I, 1702, was son of Henry and Jane (Al- 
ley) Wolcott. His parents were married 
April I, 1696; his mother was born July 22, 
1670, died April 11, 1702, daughter of Thom- 
as Alley. Henry \\'olcott, born May 20, 
1670, son of Simon Wolcott (2), grandson of 
Henry Wolcott (i), brother of Governor 
Roger Wolcott. Ellis Russell removed to 
Hadley, ]\Iassachusetts, thence to Spring- 
field. Children of Ellis Russell, born at Wind- 
sor : I. Stephen,- November 9, 1752. 2. 
Mary, November 20, 1754. 3. Miriam, Feb- 
ruary I, 1757. 4. Abner, March 22, 1759. 5. 
Roxa, April 27, 1762. 6. Wolcott, 1766, men- 
tioned below. 

(VI) Wolcott, son of Ellis Russell, was 
born in Windsor and baptized there August 
17, 1766. He removed to Hadley, Massachu- 
setts, and thence to Springfield, with his fath- 
er. He married Lucy Smith. Children: i. 
Charles. 2. Daniel. 3. Austin, mentioned 
below. 4. Sophia. 5. Delany. 

(VH) Austin, son of Wolcott Russell, was . 
born in Springiield in 1803. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools, and learned the 
trade of machinist. For a period of thirty 
years he was employed in the United States 
armory at Springfield and there he was acci- 
dentally killed in the autumn of 1848. He was 
an armorer and general mechanic of much 
skill and a useful citizen. He married Sophia 
Bruce, daughter of John Bruce, an old resi- 
dent of Springfield, also employed in the 
armory at his trade as blacksmith. Children 
of Austin Russell: i. John Wolcott, born 
September i, 1824, mentioned below. 2. 
Eunice Emeline, August 14, 1826, married 
William W. Day, a resident of Agawam and 

for twenty years or more partner of John W. 
Russell in the firm of Russell & Day, machin- 
ists. 3. Mary A., September i, 1828, mar- 
ried Marcus Hollaway. 4. Elmira, Septem- 
ber 30, 1830, died aged fourteen. 5. Charles 
Henry, born Alarch, 1832. 6. George Frost, 
March, 1834. 7. Rufus, 1836. 8. William O., 
1838. 9. Fanny, 1840, married Dickson 
Parmalee (deceased). 10. Alonzo, deceased. 
(VHI) John Wolcott, son of Austin Rus- 
sell, was born in Springfield, September i, 
1824. He attended the public schools of 
Springfield and of Millbury, where his par- 
ents lived for two years, completing his stud- 
ies at the Springfield high school. At the age 
of fifteen he was apprenticed to Zelotus Lom- 
bard in his machine shop, and worked for 
him as a; journeyman a short time after com- 
pleting his apprenticeship. He was subse- 
quently employed by the Ames Manufactur- 
ing Company at Chicopee, going from there 
to Windsor' Locks, Connecticut, where he 
worked three years as superintendent of 
shops for Slate' & Brown. In 1849 he was 
one of a party of one hundred and twenty- 
three who contributed three hundred dollars 
each to buy and equip a ship to go to Cali- 
fornia. They went by way of Cape Horn, 
the voyage taking two hundred and four 
days. His first employment after reaching 
the Pacific slope was with Professor Shepard 
who was engaged in Sacramento in introduc- 
ing a primitive kind of a water system, which 
consisted in storing the river water in vessels, 
allowing it to settle over night, and dispens- 
ing it the next day at twenty-five cents a pail. 
For this work he received sixteen dollars a 
day, but the gold fever possessed him and he 
went north to Weaverville to enter the dig- 
gings. Here he was taken sick and after a 
four weeks' illness, he returned to Sacramen- 
to and took a position as clerk in a store. 
There was but one frame building in Sacra- 
mento when he first visited that place. The 
next year he started again for the diggings, 
staving at Placervi-lle until the following 
spring. He next went to Georgetown, send- 
ing men to make reports regarding the pros- 
pects of gold in that region. He decided to 
try in the diggings at Georgetown and for a 
time did very well, taking out one afternoon 
three hundred and forty-three dollars worth 
of gold. But his expenses were high, amount- 
ing to two hundred dollars a week and in July 
he returned to Placerville. He built a house 
where there was a large amount of aurifer- 
ous earth which had been washed once, and 



proceeded to give it a second washing. The 
experiment was satisfactory, the poorest 
earth yielding ten hundred and sixty dollars 
worth of pure gold dust per ton. On account 
of the dry season of the winter of 1851, he 
was obliged to cease operations. He was of- 
fered seventy-five hundred dollars for his 
claim, but refused to sell. Later, finding that 
he could not hold it longer, he was obliged 
to sell for two thousand dollars. He then 
took a position on a steamer running be- 
tween Sacramento and San Francisco at a 
salary of two hundred and fifty dollars a 
month and board, which was no small item 
in those times of high prices. In the spring 
he returned to Placerville and tried the mer- 
curial process which was then but little used. 
In this he was quite successful, working 
two weeks, on the last day of which he ob- 
tained ninety-seven dollars worth from a 
space two by three feet. But he was tired of 
the rough life and decided to return east, and 
on May 4, 1851, he sold his outfit and taking 
with him a quantity of fine gold' dust started 
home by way of the isthmus, arriving in 
Springfield after thirty-seven days journey, 
one week of which was spent in crossing the 
isthmus. After a visit to Elgin, Illinois, he 
established a gun and model shop on the 
same street in Springfield on which he is now 
located, commencing on a small scale with 
but two or three assistants. He started in 
business about January i, 1852, and secured 
a contract for a large number of revolving 
pistols which kept him busy until the spring 
of 1855. He then went to Quincy, Wiscon- 
sin, and bought a farm, where he lived until 
1861. Returning to Springfield, he obtained 
a position in the United States armory, where 
he worked twenty-one months during the 
Civil war. On May I, 1863, he made a trip to 
Wisconsin to sell his farm, and since then he 
has lived in Springfield. He was superintend- 
ent for two years for the Bemis & Call Com- 
pany and then re-established himself in busi- 
ness on Hampden street as a general ma- 
chinist. In 1866 he bought the business of 
Williams Brothers and with his brother-in- 
law, William W. Day, engaged in business 
under the name of Russell & Day, continuing 
for aljout twenty years. He then bought out 
his partner and continued alone. He re- 
moved later to his present location at Nos. 
47 and 49 Taylor street, where he employs 
about twenty experienced workmen. He 
owns the block which is built substantially of 
brick, five stories high, part of which he 

rents. He carries on an extensive jobbing 
business, manufacturing to order many pat- 
ent devices, among them the chainless bicycle 
and a great amount of envelope machinery, 
and also making a specialty of cutting gear 
of every description. Mr. Russell married 
June I, 1853, Maria L. Smith, born Novem- 
ber I, 1834, daughter of Philip and Ruth 
(Pease) Smith. Children: i. William J., 
born April i, 1854, died young. 2. John W., 
April I, 1854, a twin of William J., died aged 
nine. 3. Charles P., November 25, 1855, died 
aged six years. 4. Frank W., January 20, 1863, 
died in 1886. 5. William, August 11, 1866, 
foreman for his father; he married (first) 
June I, 1893, Harriet C. Cook, who died No- 
vember 20, 1895 ; hs married (second) May 
B. Alaver, October i, 1896; children: Clara 
M., born July 17, 1897; John V., September 
16, 1899; Chester B., June 21, 1901 ; Viola A., 
December 7, 1905. 6. Horace B., January 
I, 1869, died at the age of thirty-eight years. 
7. Charles P., December 31, 1872, associated 
in business with his father and brother; mar- 
ried Nellie Nichols, March 22, 1897. 

( For preceding generations, see Robert Morse 1 ) . 

( IV ) Joseph, third son of Sam- 
iNIORSE ucl and Elizabeth Morse, was 

born about 1615, in England, 
and died in 1654, in Medfield, where he was 
at the time engaged in building a house for 
his family, which was then residing in Dor- 
chester. He lived first in Watertown ; re- 
moved to Dedham in 1637 and thence to Med- 
field. The growing corn upon his newly 
cleared land, and unfinished log house were 
left for his widow and children to care for. 
In 1638 he married Hannah Phillips, and in 
1658 she married (second) Thomas Boyden. 
She died in Boston in 1676, at the home of her 
eldest daughter. He subscribed to the free- 
man's oath in Watertown in 1635, and was 
early a member of the church there. At the 
first recorded meeting of the proprietors, Au- 
gust 15, 1636, he was among the first allotted 
land. He was one of the proprietors of the 
Dedham land beyond the river first called 
Meadfield, later Medfield. The settlers of this 
region were of such high character that the 
usual restrictions regarding the settlement of 
a minister and provision of the church and 
school was omitted from the grant. The 
inventory of Joseph Morse's estate, made 4 
mo., 1654, amounted to one hundred eighty- 
three pounds. His sons settled in Medfield. 
From him were descended Rev. Jasper Adams, 



president of Geneva College, Xew York ; Rev. 
Dr. Eliphas, president of Waterville College, 
Alaine ; Rev. Dr. Aaron Kneeland, president of 
a theological seminary in South Carolina ; and 
Hon. Abbot Lawrence, ambassador from the 
United States to Great Britain. Their chil- 
dren were : Hannah, married James Flood, 
of Boston ; Sarah, married Mathaniel Law- 
rence, of Groton ; Dorcas, married Benjamin 
Clark; Elizabeth, married Peleg Lawrence, of 
Groton : Joseph ; Jeremiah ; and another child 
who died young. 

(V) Samuel, son of Joseph Morse, was 
born in Dedham. Massachusetts, in 1639. He 
inherited part of his father's and grandfath- 
er's estate. His house, built in 1663 on the 
knoll east of Alain and Pound street junction, 
was burned by the Indians in 1676 and was 
not rebuilt on that site, where the old cellar 
hole was at last accoimts still visible. He 
built his second house near that lately of John 
Ord Jr., and the old well is still in use. In 
1705 he was lieutenant of militia, and teacher 
of the school of Medfield. In 1706 he ob- 
tained permission to flow the land "near the 
cowpens" for a fulling mill, which was built 
on the site of the stone mill lately owned by 
Crehore. He was selectman six years, and 
deputy to the general court in 1707. He mar- 
ried, February 16, 1664. Elizabeth Wood, died 
June 26, 1682; (second) April 29, 1684, Sarah 
Thurston, born 1662. died April 29. 1686, 
daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Thaxter) 
Thurston. He died February 28, 1717-18. 
"Children of first wife: i. Samuel, born Feb- 
ruary 8. 1665-66; married Abigail, daughter 
of Robert Barbour. 2. Elizabeth, born March 
21. 1667-68; married John Darling. 3. Han- 
nah, born August 31. 1669, died young. 4. 
Hannah, born Xovember 8. 1670, died young. 
5. Ruth, born March 21, 1672, died July 4, 
1 7 16. 6. Joseph, born January 16, 1674, died 
young. 7. Joshua, born .April 2, 1677, men- 
tioned below. 8. Eleazer. born August 10, 
1680. 9. Benoni. born June 19, 1682, died 
1704; married, September 28, 1702, Rachel 
Bullard. Children of second wife: 10. Solo- 
mon, born January 5. 1684-85, died November 
28, 1704. II. Sarah, born July 11, 1686, mar- 
ried Isaac Bullard, of Sherborn. 

(\'I) Hon. Joshua Alorse, son of Samuel 
Morse, was born on the homestead at Aled- 
field, April 2, 1677, and died April 26, 1749. 
He inherited part of the farm of his father, 
and bought much land on his own account. 
He was an inn holder, and owned a grist mill 
and saw mill. He built the house now or 

lately on the Jeremiah Johnston place. He" 
married ( first ) Xovember 8, 1699, Elizabeth 
Penniman, born November 15, 1679, died 
1705, daughter of Samuel Penniman, of 
Braintree; (second) Mary Page, widow, of 
Braintree, born October 27, 1680, died Alarch, 
1746-47. He was largely interested in the set- 
tlement of Sturbridge, and the first meetings 
were held at his tavern to organize the pro- 
prietors. He was deputy to the general court 
six years. Children of first wife, born in 
Braintree: i. Elizabeth, October 20, 1700; 
married February 4, 1724, Thomas Ellis. 2. 
Zipporah, April 20, 1702; married, Alay 30, 
1722, Samuel Smith, of Needham. 3. Sam- 
uel, Alay 4, 1703; settled in Uxbridge. Chil- 
dren of second wife. 4. Alary, born Septem- 
ber 14, 1707; settled in Worcester; married 

Lovell. 5. Jemima, Alarch 16, 1709; 

married, August 15, 1726, Henry Adams. 6. 
Joshua, December 28, 1710; married Alary 
Partridge. 7. Ruth, October 6, 1716; mar- 
ried. Alay 13, 1735, Simon Plympton. 8. 
Ebenezer, Alarch 2, 1717-18, mentioned be- 
low. 9. Lydia, October 17, 1719. 10. Elia- 
kim, Xovember 22, 1721. 11. Joseph, No- 
vember 30, 1723; married Olive Alason ; set- 
tled in Xova Scotia. 

(VIII Rev. Ebenezer Alorse, son of Hon. 
Joshua Alorse, was born in Aledfield, Alarch 2, 
1 717-18. He graduated at Harvard College in 
1737, and was settled as minister at Shrews- 
bury, Xorth District, now Boylston, Alassachu- 
setts, December 26, 1743. His relations with his 
parish were pleasant until just before the 
revolution, when political feeling was intense. 
He was summarily dismissed in June, 1775, 
and excluded from the pulpit for toryism, 
confined to the town, and later redismissed by 
advise of the ecclesiastical council. He prac- 
tised medicine during the remainder of his ac- 
tive days. He died January 3, 1802, aged 
eighty-four years. He married, November 27, 
1745. Persis, born Alay 28, 1727, died 
Alay 6. 1788, daughter of John and Alar- 
tha Bush; (second) Rebecca Symmes, wid- 
ow of Thomas Symmes, who died in 
the revolution. Children, all by first wife: 
I. Dr. John, born July 15, 1746; mar- 
ried. Alav II, 1769, Elizabetli .Andrews. 2. 
Alary, December 24, 1747; married December 
26, 1765, Rev. Asaph Rice, who was first, a 
doctor and then minister of Westminster ; she 
died Xovember, 1766. 3. Eliakim, Alarch 8, 
1750, died 1758. 4. Joshua, Alarch 8, 1752; 
married Levina Holland. 5. Ebenezer, June 
Ti, 1754, died July 28, same year. 6. Ebene- 



zer, July lo, 1755. 7. Joseph, Janiiarj', 1757: 
married Sophia Bigelow. 8. Dr. Eliakim, 
February 14, 1759; sse forward. 9. Amherst, 
November 11, 1760. 10. Annis, May 19, 1764; 
married, October 5, 1800, Samuel Andrews. 
II. Mary, August 12, 1767; married, April 
2, 1797, Jason Abbott. 

(VIII) Dr. Eliakim Morse, son of Rev. 
Ebenezer Morse, was born in Shrewsbury, 
February 14, 1759, and died January 9, 1858. 
He read medicine with his father, and com- 
menced practice in ^Voodstock, Connecticut, 
whence he removed to Boston, Massachusetts. 
Here he engaged in the London trade, and ac- 
cumulated an ample estate. Later he settled 
in Watertown, ]\Iassachusetts, where he re- 
sumed practise and became a leading and most 
successful physician. His business in Boston 
was conducted under the style of Eliachim 
Morse & Son, on Elm street. In his ninety- 
first year he was accustomed to ride into Bos- 
ton on horseback, and possessed a vigor of 
mind and body common at the age of seven- 
ty years. He married, in ^^'atertown, Septem- 
ber 22, 1780, Mary Eddy, born July 22, 1766, 
daughter of Captain Benjamin and Martha 
(Bronsdon) Eddy. She was one of the most 
beautiful women of her day in Boston, where 
they resided. She died April 25, 1800. Dr. 
Morse married (second) Mary Hunt, born 
January 9, 1778. daughter of William and 
Mary (Collidge) Hunt. Children of first 
wife: I. Benjamin Eddy, born September 11, 
1787, died May 22, 1814. 2. John, see for- 
ward. 3. Ebenezer, born July 11, 1790, died 
May 3, 1 79 1. 

(IX) John, son of Dr. Eliakim Morse, was 
born in Boston, February 12, 1789, died May 
7, 1817. He was educated in private schools 
and at Harvard College, from which he was 
graduated A. B. in 1808. He was by occupa- 
tion a supercargo, but died at the age of 
twenty-eight, just as his career was well 
opened out and with brilliant prospects. He 
married, June 9, 181 2, Frances Hicks Tor- 
rev, born January 26, 1793, died May 9, 1865, 
daughter of Samuel Torrey, niece of Gover- 
nor Gore. Children : John Torrey, Benja- 
min Eddy, Samuel Torrey, all mentioned 
below. The mother of these children married 
(second) Eben Rollins ; children : Eben Wil- 
liam, Francis, and Charles Mertens Rollins. 

(X) John Torrey, son of John Morse, was 
born March 27, 1813, and died September 20, 
1906. He attended at Northampton, the 
Round Hill School, conducted by Dr. J. G. 
Gogswell, and graduated from Harvard Col- 

lege with the class of 1832. He was a mem- 
ber of the Bostonian Society from 1886. He 
married, in 1839, Lucy Cabot Jackson, born 
March 4, 18 15, daughter of Judge Charles 
Jackson, of the Massachusetts supreme 
court. Children: i. John Torrey, born Jan- 
uary 9, 1840, see forward. 2. Charles Jack- 
son, November 5, 1843. 3- Eben Rollins, 
October 21, 1845. 

(X) Benjamin Eddy, second son of John 
and Frances H. (Torrey) Morse, was born 
February 22, 1814, in Boston, and died Jan- 
uary 24, 1894. The following tribute of a 
contemporary is from the Boston Transcript, 
of February 3, 1894. 

"A group of relatives, a number of old 
East India captains and merchants, a larger 
number of fellow club men, possibly in the 
crowd one or two Round Hillers, were drawn 
to King's Chapel last week by their affection 
for an old comrade or kinsman. He who had 
passed away was not a public character : there 
were no delegations, social, financial or polit- 
ical ; it was an affectionate meeting and part- 
ing of friends. As I sat waiting for the fun- 
eral procession, I involuntarilv glanced up at 
the gallery, where for over sixty years we 
had sat side by side in adjoining pews ; and 
my memory conjured up a stalwart, hand- 
some boy, playing in Otis Place : and then 
the going and coming of a supercargo. I 
saw him first welcomed home, embrowned by 
his voyage and cordially greeting his many 
friends, or proudly escorting his mother on 
the mall, for we all lived in Boston, summer 
and winter. From those young days till now 
— as boy, as youth, as man — Ben Morse was 
the same — an obedient and devoted son, a 
guardian brother, a loyal friend, a Good Sa- 
maritan to those who had fallen among 
thieves, an honest man. Resolute in pursu- 
ing his own straightforward course, he turned 
aside to interfere with no man's affairs, and 
would suffer no man to interfere with his. 
Following the advice of the apostle, he stud- 
ied to be quiet and to do his own business. 
Retiring and unobtrusive, he invaded no 
man's province, encroached upon no man's 
rights, detracted from no man's character ; 
his heart was tender, and over his friendly 
deeds, as over the escapades of others, he 
threw a veil of secrecy, letting not his left 
hand know what his right hand was doing. 
While his life was emphatically a life of duty, 
daily, wearing duty, faithfully performed, he 
had such a cheery way with him that one 
would infer that he was having a jolly time ; 



and the fact that nobody in speaking of or 
to him ever got further than the first syllable 
of his name, indicates his kindly, unassuming 
relations with all, young and old. And they 
all gathered together to signify by their pres- 
ence how much they valued that kindness, 
and how conscious they were of their loss." 

(X) Samuel Torrey, third son of John and 
Frances H. (Torrey) Morse, was born May 
16, 1816, in Boston, and died November 6, 
1890, in that city. He was educated at the 
Round Hill School, Northampton, Massachu- 
setts ; at jNIr. Ingraham's private school, in 
Boston; and at Air. Hubbard's school, in 
Brookline. At the time when he and his 
brother Benjamin should have entered Har- 
vard College, their mother, left a widow for 
the second time, needed their assistance, and 
both went to work, Samuel entering the 
counting house of Messrs. Atkinson & Rollins. 

In March, 1836, he went on a voyage to 
Russia, and between that date and October, 
1841, when he arrived home from India, he 
made five long voyages, four of them to In- 
dia, and on three of them acting as supercar- 
go. Although he had missed, for his moth- 
er's sake, the college education which he 
would have valued much, he profited largely 
bv his travels and the experience of a super- 
cargo, which often leads to unexpected re- 
sponsibilities. His interest in the countries 
he visited, their people, their commerce, their 
government, was deep and lifelong. For 
about twenty years he was engaged in the 
East India trade as partner in the firm of 
Gray & Morse, at 40 Central Wharf, Boston. 
He was a member of the Union Club from 
the time of its organization during the civil 
war ; of the Somerset Club : and of the Bos- 
tonian Society ; and he was also a life member 
of the Boston Port and Seaman's Aid Socie- 
ty. It might be said as truly of him as of his 
brother Ben, that "he invaded no man's prov- 
ince, encroached upon no man's rights, de- 
tracted from no man's character," and that he 
was tender of heart, and deeply loving and 
faithful in all family relations. He married 
December 6, 1848, Harriet Jackson Lee, born 
April 16, 1826, daughter of Henry and Mary 
(Jackson) Lee. Children : i. Frances Rol- 
lins, born in Boston, January 21, 1850. 2. 
Henry Lee, born in Boston, November 18, 
1852; graduate of Harvard College, 1874; of 
Harvard Medical School, 1878: married, at 
IMontreal, Canada, Jessie F. Scott ; one child, 
Jessie Gwendolen, born October 21, 1886. 3. 
Marv Lee, born in Brookline, October 28, 

1855 : married John Wheelock Elliot : one 
child, John Morse Elliott, born November 5, 
1891. " 

(XI) John Torrey, son of John Morse and 
Lucv Cabot (Jackson) Morse, was born Jan- 
uarv 9, 1840. In early life he attended the 
school then kept in the basement of the Park 
Street Church, bv Thomas Russell Sullivan; 
afterwards attended the school of Epes Sar- 
gent Dixwell : and graduated from Harvard 
College in i860, with the degree of A. B. He 
immediatelv entered the law office of Hon. 
John Lowell, Boston, later judge of the 
United States district and circuit courts. Af- 
ter two vears of study he was admitted to the 
bar. at the age of twenty-two. While in the 
practice of his profession his tastes led him 
to contribute more or less to newspapers, 
magazines and reviews, and he was author of 
two valuable professional works : "The Law 
of Banks and Banking," and "The Law of 
Arbitration and Award." He wrote for the 
Aincricaii Laii.' Reznczc many articles on nota- 
ble criminal trials, many of which were after- 
ward collected and published in a volume by 
Little, Brown & Company ; and he wrote the 
"Life of Alexander Hamilton", two volumes, 
published by the same house. He was for 
several vears a constant contributor of lead- 
ing articles to the Boston Daily Advertiser, 
when edited' by Professor Dunbar, and after- 
wards by Mr. Goddard : and was also a con- 
tributor to the Saturday Rei'ieK'. North 
American Rcviezv. Atlantic Monthly, Nation, 
and Frasers Magazine (English). In the win- 
ter of 1879-80 he retired from the practice of 
law, and has since been mostly engaged in 
literary labors. For four years, in association 
with Henry Cabot Lodge, he edited the In- 
ternational Rez'ieiiJ: and he also edited the 
"Lives of American Statesmen," for Hough- 
ton, MilTlin & Company, his own contribu- 
tions to this series comprising biographies of 
John .A.dams. Thomas jefiferson, John Quin- 
cy Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and Abraham 
Lincoln ; "Life and Letters of Oliver Wen- 
dell Holmes," two volumes ; and "Memoirs of 
Colonel Henry Lee." Mr. Morse was a 
member of the House of Representatives in 
1875. He was one of the overseers of Har- 
vard University for two terms, and a trustee 
of the Boston Athenaeum, and is now a mem- 
ber of the Massachusetts Historical Socie- 
ty. Mr. Morse married, 1865, Fanny Pope 
Hovev, born May 27, 1840, daughter of 
George Otis and \lary Ann Levely (Cotton) 
Hovev. Children: i. Cabot Jackson, born 



AEav 21, 1868; married Alice Burns; has son, 
Cabot Jackson Jr. 2. John Torrey, born 
i<"ebruary 4, 1873, unmarried. 

(For preceding generations, see John Frencli 1). 

(Ill) Josiah French, son of 
FRENCH Samuel French, was born 

March 20, 1700. He died at 
Braintree, November 15, 1760. He married 
Mary, daughter of John and Mary French. 
She died March 5, 1770. Children, born in 
Braintree: i. Josiah, January 22, 1736; died 
young. 2. Nathaniel, October 13, 1737; men- 
tioned below. 3. Mary, August 26, 1742. 4. 
Anaz, October 31, 1746. 5. Josiah, July 8, 


(IV) Nathaniel, son of Josiah French, was 
born at Braintree, October 13, 1737. He mar- 
ried Silence, daughter of Peter and Dorothy 
Dyer, 1762. Children, born at Braintree or 
Weymouth: i. Ahaz, December 12, 1762; 
inarried Judith French. 2. Samuel, January 
9, 1765; mentioned below. 3. Nathaniel, Jan- 
uary 12, 1767: married, 1790, Eunice Spear. 
4. James, April 6, 1769; married Lydia Hol- 
lis. 5. Silence, November 3, 1771. 6- Mary, 
married, 1795, Barzilla Penniman. 7. Josiah, 
married, 1801, Rachel Penniman. 

(V) Samuel French, son of Nathaniel 
French, was born January 9, 1765; married, 
June 14, 1789, Susanna Penniman. Children: 
John and Samuel. 

(VI) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) 
French, was born 1790, and died September, 
1874, at Braintree, Massachusetts. He mar- 
ried Rachel Weld. He had a common school 
education, and in his younger days followed 
the trade of butcher, was also a farmer, and 
had a large and successful dairy. He bought 
a large tract of land in Braintree, still owned 
by his descendants. He contributed gener- 
ously to the churches and charities of his na- 
tive town. Children: i. .Ann Frances, mar- 
ried Hiram Clark. 2. Rachel T., married 
Elisha Moss, of Braintree. 3. Samuel Strong, 
mentioned below. 

(VII) Samuel Strong, son of Samuel 
French, was born at Braintree, July 20, 1818, 
and died there April 11, 1897. He was edu- 
cated in the common schools, and learned his 
father's trade. He was associated with his 
father for many years in the meat and provi- 
sion business, and continued through his ac- 
tive life in this business with marked success. 
He was interested also in other lines of busi- 
ness and active in town affairs, was highway 
surveyor, and did much to improve the roads 

of the town. He attended the Congregational 
church. He married, December i, 1842, at 
South Braintree, Caroline Elizabeth 13ates, 
born at South Weymouth, April 24, 1822, 
died July 23, 1907, at Braintree. She was 
buried in the cemetery at Mount Wollaston, 
by the side of her husband. Children, born at 
Braintree: i. Samuel Strong Bates, mentioned 
below. 2. George Addison, mentioned below. 
3. Caroline Elizabeth, born June 30, 1853; 
married Charles Minchin. 

(VIII) Samuel Strong Bates French, son- 
of Samuel Strong French, was born March 
2, 1848, at Braiiitree. He was educated in the 
public schools and Hunt's Academy at North 
Bridgewater. He worked for his father un- 
til he came of age, and then engaged for him- 
self in the dairy and provision business for 
several years, then sold out and retired. He 
attends the First Congregational Church. He 
belongs to no clubs or secret societies. In 
politics he is a Republican. He married, De- 
cember 5, 1870, Chloe Jane Cobb, born July, 
1849. at West Bridgewater, Massachusetts, 
daughter of Otis and Lydia Lorane (Pack- 
ard ) Cobb. Her father was born in Carver, 
Massachusetts, March 7, 1827, and is living at 
Campello; he is a successful builder and con- 
tractor ; a member of the order of Odd Fel- 
lows, popular and highly respected in the com- 
munity, a member of the Congregational 
church. Her mother was born February 16, 
1827, at West TVidge water and lives at Cam- 
pello ; children : i. Chloe Jane Cobb, born 
Tulv, 1849, mentioned above; ii. Sarah Raw- 
son Cobb, born at Campello, married Frank 
P. Brown ; iii. Norman Otis Cobb, born at 
Campello, married Fannie Hayden, of Wey- 
mouth. Children of Samuel Strong Bates and 
Chloe Jane (Cobb) French: i. Edward W., 
married Lena Stoddard ; children : Caroline 
and Mildred. 2. Arthur B., married Edith 
Holbrook ; child, Beatrice. 3. Otis H., at 

(Mil) George Addison French, son of 
.Samuel Strong French, was born at South 
Braintree, May 21, 1850. He attended the 
public schools of his native town. He worked 
at his father's trade until he was twenty-one, 
and then started in the same line of business 
on his own account. He is not now engaged 
in active business. He is fond of fine horses, 
and is a leading member of the Gentlemen's 
Driving Club. He has owned many valuable 
horses, and has many cups and trophies won 
by them on the race track, and in horse shows. 
He attends the Congregat'onal church. He 



married, November 22, 1872, Katie Putnam 
Bishop, born May 21, 1852, at South Brain- 
tree, died ^lay 28, 1897, at Braintree. They 
had no children. 

(II) Lieutenant Samuel, son 
LOOMIS of Joseph Loomis (q. v.), was 
born in England, and came to 
New England with his father in 1638. He 
was admitted a freeman in 1654 and to the 
church November 26, 1661. He was a lieu- 
tenant and removed to Westfield, Massachu- 
setts, between 1672 and 1675. He sold his 
house in Windsor in 1679 and died October 
I, 1689. He married, December 27, 1653, 
Elizabeth Judd, who died May 7, 1696, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Judd. Children: i. Sergeant 
Samuel, married Hannah Hanchett, April 4, 
1678; died November 6, 171 1. 2. Elizabeth, 
married, 1673, Thomas Hanchett. 3. Ruth, 
born June 14, 1660, at Farmington ; married 
Benjamin Smith. 4. Sarah, February 3, 
1662-63; married, November 12, 1689, John 
Bissell. 5. Joanna, October 22, 1665 ; mar- 
ried, November 20, 1691, Joseph Smith. 6. 
Benjamin, February 11, 1667-68; married, 
January 6, 1703, Ann Fitch; died 1726. 7. 
Nehemiah, July 15. 1670; married, January 3, 
1694, Thankful Weller ; died February 4, 
1740. 8. William, Alarch 18, 1672, mentioned 
below. 9. Philip. February 22, 1675 • mar- 
ried, 1704, Hannah ; died December i, 

1746. 10. ^lary, August 16. 1678. 

(HI) William, son of Lieutenant Sanuiel 
Loomis, was born at Westfield, Alassachu- 
setts, March 18, 1672, died in 1738. He mar- 
ried. January 13, 1703, Martha Morley, who 
died February 22, 1753. aged seventy-one. 
Children: I. Martha, born February 24. 
1704, died April, 1804, aged one hundred 
years, two months. 2. Joshua, August 24, 
1706; married, April, 1735, Abigail Langdon ; 
died 1779. 3- Benjamin, August 30, 1708; 
married (first) Elizabeth Noble, 1734! (sec- 
ond) Rachel ; died 1787. 4. Ann, Au- 
gust 27, 1710. 5. William, September 15, 
1712; married, 1739, Experience Smith. 6. 
James, November 15, 1714: married, 1739, 
"Eunice Stricklen. 7: Thankful, November 
19, 1716. 8. Jonathan, January 23, 1719, 
mentioned below. 9. Hezekiah, March 14, 
1721. 10. Captain Noah, [May 12, 1724; mar- 
ried. November 5, 1747, Rhoda Clark: died 
August 9, 1808. 

(IV) Jonathan, son of William Loomis, 
was born at Westfield, January 23, 1719, died 
in 1798. He settled at West Springfield. He 

married. May 11. 1747, Hannah Selden, of 
Springfield. Children, born at West Sprmg- 
field: I. Jonathan, December 13, 1747; mar- 
ried, November 19, 1772. Louisa Lamb; died 
April 16, 1836. 2. Noadiah, August 14, 1750, 
mentioned below. 3. Hannah, April 19, 1752; 
married Benjamin Copley. 4. Justus, March 
7, 1754: married, 1782, Mary Bow; died May 
14, 1818. 5. Uriah, June 2-/, 1756; married 
Mav 20, 1783, Sarah Sheldon : was in the rev- 
olution ; died March, 1844. 6. Pliny. August 
26, 1758; married Louisa Stephenson; died 
February 20, 1839. 7. Josiah, October 14, 
1761 : married, July 16, 1789, Sabra Ely; died 
julv 2, 1844. 8. Lucy, November 25, 1763; 
married Kendall King. 9. Clarke, INIarch 12, 
1766; married Nancy Bagg; died 1820. 10. 
Charlotte. Mav 21. 1768: married Simeon 
Norton: died 1805. 11. Hezekiah, January 6, 
1771 : married Rosa Rice: died December 12, 


(V) Noadiah, son of Jonathan Loomis, 
was born at West Springfield, August 14, 
1750, died November 14. 1818. He lived all 
his life at West Springfield and married 
Thankful Bagg. Children: i. Amanda, born 
August 16. 1779; died 1856: married Zoluth 
Ho'lton. 2. Howland. July 7. 1781 : married 
(first) .\pril TO, 1804, Asenath Butler: (sec- 
ond) Tune 10, 1816, Laura Walcott ; (third) 
August 15, 1818, Sarah Clapp ; died July 25, 
1849. 3- Rodney, mentioned below. 

(\T)"Rodnev. son of Noadiah Loomis, was 
born at West Springfield, October 2-], 1786, 
died there Mav 28, 1828. He married Lucy 
M. Mumford, who died :\larch 3, 1829. Chil- 
dren, born at West Springfield: i. William, 
;Mav 28, 1809 ; died unmarried September 7, 
1832. 2. Timothy Horton. November 12, 
1810; married. May i, 1834. Caroline Broad. 
3. Marv Ann, April 21, 1813: married, 1835, 
James Llovd : died June 10, 1838. 4. Amanda 
H., Julv 17. 1816; married. 1837, Thomas H. 
Hastings; died August 12, 1839. 5. Francis 
Dwight, March 9, 1820, mentioned below. 6. 
Sophia Jane, October 22, 1824; married 
(first) William T. Southworth ; (second) Dav- 
id A. Reeves. 

(\'II) Francis Dwight. son of Rodney 
Loomis. was born in West Springfield. March 
9, 1820, died in 1905. at Westfield. He mar- 
ried. Mav 19. 1841. Laura M. Brown, and 
who died':March 23, 1907, at the age of eigh- 
ty-five. She was born at Lebanon, Connecti- 
cut. Mr. Loomis resided at New Haven, 
Connecticut, and Westfield. Massachusetts. 
Children, born at New Haven: i. William 



Horton, April 17, 1842: married, May 19, 
1866, Anna R. IMerrifield. 2. Violet Eldora, 
May 31. 1845, died September, 1896; mar- 
ried, FelM-uary 12, 1872, Frederick L. Jack- 
son. 3. John Elwin, March 13, 1850, died 
October 22, 1857. 4. Francis Northrop, 
mentioned below. 

(VIII) Francis Northrop, son of Francis 
Dvvight Loomis, was born at New Haven, 
Connecticut, January 12, 1857. He attended 
the public schools of his native town. He be- 
gan his business life as clerk in a hardware 
store. He began to manufacture buttons for 
the whip manufacturers at Westfield and then 
engaged also in making whips. He after- 
wards started a store on Elm street. West- 
field. After conducting this business success- 
fully for a number of years he sold it. At 
present he is not engaged in business. Mr. 
Loomis has an excellent business reputation 
and enjoys the fullest confidence and esteem 
of his townsmen. He married Wary Louise, 
born 1857, at Westfield, daughter of Henry 
and Sarah (Cooper) Shepard. (See Shepard, 
VII). Child, Annie Laura, born September 
6. 1887, at Westfield. 

(The Shepard Line). 

John Shepard, immigrant ancestor of the 
Westfield family of this sketch, was born at 
Wetheringset, county Suffolk, England, 167 1. 
He died .\ugust 10, 1756. He was a descend- 
ant of John Shepard, of Mendlesham, Suflfolk, 
living in 1550. He settled in Westfield, Mas- 
sachusetts. He married Elizabeth Woodruff, 
of Westfield. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Shepard, 
was born in Westfield in 1706, died in 1783. 
He married Elizabeth Noble. Children: i. 
David, born 1744, died 1817; lived at Chester, 
Massachusetts, and Amsterdam, New York; 
married Lucinda Mather, niece of Rev. Cot- 
ton Mather: graduate of Yale College in 1766, 
surgeon in the American army in the revolu- 
tion, captain at Bunker Hill ; delegate to the 
state constitutional convention in 1788; had 
son Mather. 2. Jonathan, settled at Bland- 
ford and had sons, Ezra, Jonathan, Elijah and 

(III) Jonathan, son of John (2) Shepard, 
was born about 1700-10. He married Rachel 
Lamkton, of Westfield (intention dated June 
6, 1730). Children: i. Rachel, born March 
23, 1731, died April 2, 1731. 2. Jonathan, 
March 23, 1732. 3. Eleanor, April, 1734, died 
February i, 1745. 4. Desire, May i, 1736, 
died September. 1738. 5. Amos, May 4, 1738, 

died December 9, 1749. 6. Solomon, .\pril i, 
1742 ; soldier in the revolution. 7. Mary, 
November 22, 1744. 8. Noah, October 27, 
1746, died August 2, 1747. 9. Eleanor, Au- 
gust 2, 1748. ID. Sarah, December 29, 1750. 
II. Amos, June 27, 1754. 

(R) William, son or nephew of Jonathan 
Shepard, was born about 1750. He was a sol- 
dier in the revolution. According to the cen- 
sus of 1790 he had a family of si.x males over 
sixteen, one under sixteen and four females 
in his family at that time. 

(V) Jesse, son or nephew of William Shep- 
ard, was born about 1780. The records of 
Westfield do not reveal his family. 

(VI) Warren, son of Jesse Shepard, was 

born in Westfield. He married (first) ■ 

Curtis; (second) Jerusha Sackett. Children: 
Lyman, William, Henry, mentioned below, 

(VII) Henry, son of Warren Shepard, 
was born in Westfield in 1824, died in his na- 
tive town. He married Sarah Cooper, born 
1828, died 1890, at Westfield. Children, born 
at Westfield: i. Frederick H., 1852; married 
Minnie Finch and had a son Edwin. 2. Mary 
Louise, 1857 ; married Francis Northrop 
Loomis. (See Loomis, VIII). 3. Carrie J., 
1859; married William Connell. 

Timothy Palmer was not the 
PALMER son but probably a near rela- 
tive of Nicholas Palmer, of 
Windsor, Connecticut, who had a son Timo- 
thy. Timothy settled in Suffield, Connecticut, 
and died there November 28, 1696. He was a 
surveyor of highways in 1682; constable 1684; 
selectman 1686-88. His name appears on the 
list of freemen in 1681-82. His home was 
on Feather street, where he owned sixty acres 
as early as 1674. He was granted another lot 
of ten acres in 1682. He married (first) Eliz- 
abeth ; (second) June 3, 1670, Eliza- 
beth Huggins. She died October i, 17 16. 
Children: Timothy; Esther, born 1676; child, 
died young ; child, died young ; Thomas, born 
1682 : Samuel, mentioned below. 

(II) Samuel, son of Timothy Palmer, was 
born at Suffield, May 17, 1686; married, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1720-21, Elizabeth Smith. 

(III) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) 
Palmer, was born at Suffield, September 23, 
1723; married October 17, 1751, Margaret 
Leonard, at Springfield. She died June 6, 
1 76 1, aged twenty-nine. Her gravestone is 
standing in the graveyard at Agawam. He 
was appointed guardian of her children April 



10, 1762. He was a cordwainer by trade. He 
removed to Springfield when a young man. 
He made a nuncupative will June i, 1798, be- 
queathing to daughter Margaret. None of the 
other children objected to the probate of the 
will. He bequeathed his weaving materials 
and other personal property. Children : Alar- 
garet, Thankful, Temperance, Edmund, Gad, 
Samuel, mentioned below. 

(IV) Samuel (3), son of Samuel (2) 
Palmer, was born May 31, 1761, in Spring- 
field. The family lived in West Springfield. 
He died January 2, 1833, aged seventy-one 
years, according to his gravestone in the Aga- 
wam burying ground. Horace Palmer was ap- 
pointed guardian of his children, and before 
1844 married his widow. He married, about 

1788, Abiah , born 1756, died October 

8, 1833. He was a soldier in the revolution, 
in Captain Nathan Rowley's company, Col- 
onel John Moseley's regiment, from Hamp- 
shire county, July and August, 1777. Of his 
eight children : Samuel ; James A., mentioned 
below ; Francis ; Louis. 

(V) James A., son of Samuel (3) Palmer, 
was born in Feeding Hills, formerly West 
Springfield, and baptized in 1794. He died 
December 20, 1864, aged seventy years. He 
was a blacksmith and wagon maker by trade. 

He married Lucy , born 1797, died 

April 14, 1867. Children: Asa Northam, men- 
tioned below ; Lucy Ann, married Carlton 
Strong, of Granville, Massachusetts ; Adeline, 
born August 14, 1826, died January 16, 1853, 
at Feeding Hills, married Henry Wilcox, born 
December 11, 1821, brother of Lucinda, who 
married Asa Nathan Palmer. 

(\T) Asa Northam, son of James A. Pal- 
mer, was born in West Springfield or Feed- 
ing Hills, and lived at Feeding Hills. He 
was educated in the public schools, learned 
the trade of carpenter, and followed it for a 
time. In later years he was a farmer. He 
married Lucinda A. Wilcox, of an old Con- 
necticut family. He died July 3, 1889 ; his 
wife in 1901. Children: Albert; Adeline L. ; 
Henry A. ; Edward and Frederick, twins, died 
in infancy ; Henry Asa, mentioned below. 

(A"II) Henry Asa, son of Asa Northam 
Palmer, was born in Feeding Hills, Novem- 
ber II, 1868, and was educated in the public 
and high schools of Westfield, Massachu- 
setts, whither his parents removed. He 
learned the trade of machinist, and worked 
at his trade manufacturing machinery used 
in making whips. He has a machine shop 
at Westfield, the center of the whip industry. 

and has built up a flourishing industry in this 
speciahy. He is a member of Mount Moriah 
Lodge of Free Masons, of Westfield; of 
Westfield Chapter, Royal Arch Alasons ; of 
Springfield Commanderv, Knights Templar ; 
and of Alelha Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. In 
religion he is a Congregationalist. He mar- 
ried, April, 1893, Frances Caroline, daughter 
of James B. Freeman of Westfield. Children : 
Lewis, born 1894, died 1900; Frances Caro- 
line, born December, 1901. 

John Tead, immigrant ancestor of 
TEAD the Tead and Tidd families, was 
born in England, before 1600, and 
died at Woburn, jMassachusetts, April 24, 
1657. He was a tailor by trade. The name 
is spelled Tead, Todd, Tedd and Tidd in the 
early records. He was an inhabitant of 
Charlestown in 1637; admitted to the church 
March 10, 1639; selectman in 1647 at Wo- 
burn, where he settled. He was on the com- 
mittee on the country rate at Woburn in 1655. 
He was sergeant of the military company, the 
first man of the town bearing a military title. 
He bought Thomas Moulton's old house in 
Woburn, and sold a house the next year to 
Nathaniel Hadlock. He owned eight lots in 
Charlestown in 1638, the sixth of which was 
at \\'aterfield, now Winchester. He owned 
other land in \\'oburn. His wife Margaret 
died at Woburn, 1651. He married (second) 
Alice , who married (second) at Cam- 
bridge, June II, 1657, William Mann. His 
will was dated April 9 and proved November 
10, 1656. Children : John, mentioned below ; 

Samuel, died 1651, married Sarah ; 

Elizabeth, married June 13, 1642, Thomas 
Fuller, of Woburn ; Mary, married December 
24, 1644, Francis Kendall; Hannah, married 
William Savell, of Braintree. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Tead, was 
born about 1618, in England. He was a tailor, 
and embarked at Yarmouth, England, May 12, 
1637, as servant for Samuel Greenfield, of 
Norwich, weaver. He was said to have been 
of Hartford, England. He settled at Cam- 
bridge Farms, where he died April 13, 1703. 
He married, at Woburn, April 14, 1650, Re- 
becca Wood, who died at Lexington, January 
10, 1 7 17, aged ninety-two years. He" resided 
for a time in Woburn, and in 1686 removed 
to Cambridge Farms, the present town of 
Lexington, and by grant and purchase ac- 
quired a large amount of real estate. His 
homestead there was probably bought of 
David Fiske, June i, 1686, and' the property 



remained in the hands of his descendants al- 
most if not to the present day. Children: i. 
Hannah, born September 21, 1652; married 
Joseph Smith. 2. John, born February 26, 
1654-5 ; mentioned below. 3. Mary, born 
November 13, 1656. 4. Samuel, born Janu- 
ary 16, 1658-9: died unmarried May 9, 1699. 
5. Joseph, born January 18, 1660- 1 ; died Feb- 
ruary, 1660-1. 6. Joseph, born January 20, 
1661-2. 7. Daniel, married Lydia Carley. 8. 
Rebecca, married Thomas Blodgett. 

(HI) John (3), son of John (2) Tead, was 
born at Woburn, February 26, 1654-5, and 
died there August 3, 1743. He married, June 
12, 1678, Elizabeth Fifield, born September 

7, 1657, died at Woburn, October 6, 1732, 
daughter of William and Mary Fifield of 
Hampton, New Hampshire. He served in 
King Philip's war, 1675-76, first in the garri- 
son at Groton, and also under Lieutenant Ed- 
ward Oakes in Captain Thomas Prentice's 
troop, June, 1676. He was sergeant of the 
Woburn militia from 1694 to 1737. Children: 

1. Elizabeth, born September 19, 1679. 2. 
John, November 2, 1681. 3. Joseph, March 

8, 1684. 4. Rebecca. August 4, 1687; died 
May 21, 1738. 5. Mary, April 25, 1690. 6. 
Ebenezer, mentioned below. 

(IV) Ebenezer, son of John (3) Tead, was 
born at Woburn, August 31, 1693, and died 
there August 18, 1725. He married ]\Iartha 
Wyman, born October 13, 1695, daughter of 
Jacob and Elizabeth TRichardson) Wyman, 
of Woburn. She married (second) March 23, 
1731, Major Joseph Richardson, of Woburn. 
On August 30, 1717, Ebenezer Tidd and Ed- 
ward Winn were chosen gaugers, the notice 
of which appointment is preserved in the Wo- 
burn Public Library. Children: i. Samuel, 
born August 20, 1716. 2. Ebenezer, Septem- 
ber 24, 1718; mentioned below. 3. Jonathan, 
November 7, 1724. 

(V) Ebenezer (2), son of Ebenezer (i) 
Tead, was born at Woburn, September 24, 
1718. He married (first) ]\Iay 8, 1744, Eliza- 
beth Faulkner (Fortner in the records), of 
Medford, who died May 19, 1752: (second) 
January i, 1755, Lucy Polly, of Medford. He 
resided in Charlestown and Medford. Chil- 
dren of first wife: i. Elizabeth, died young! 

2. Ebenezer, born February 8, 1745-6; died 
young. 3. Ebenezer, born October 11, 1748; 
died January 12, 1757. 4. John, born June 
28, 1751. Children of second wife: 5. Jacob, 
mentioned below. 6. Ebenzer, baptized Feb- 
ruarv 27, 1757. 7. Lucv, born August 13, 

(\'I) Jacob, son of Ebenezer (2) Tead, was 
born October 18, 1755, and was baptized with 
other children of the family, February 27, 
1757. He served in the revolution as matross 
in Captain James Swan's first company. Col- 
onel Craft's artillery, November i to Decem- 
ber I, 1776; also in Captain Philip Maret's 
company, same regiment, December i, 1776, 
to May 8, 1777; in Captain Robert Davis's 
company. Colonel Freeman's regiment, on 
duty at Rhode Island, December 4, 1777. He 
lived in Boston, where he married (first) Oc- 
tober 15, 1780, Sarah Floyd; (second) in Bos- 
ton, July 18, 1786, Ruth Dawes; Rev. Samuel 
Stillman officiated at both marriages. This is 
the only family mentioned in the Boston vi- 
tal records of the surname Tead or Tidd. 
In 1790 he was the only Tidd a head of fam- 
ily in Boston. There were eight in his family 
at that time. He may have lived also at 
Medford. He was of that town in 1794, when 
he owned land at Corde's, Charlestown. He 
conveyed this land in 1817. Sarah, probably 
a daughter, married, November 23, 1808, 
Nathaniel P. Russell, at Boston. 

(\ ID Edward Long Jennings, son of 
Jacob Tead, was born in Boston, September 
16. 1799. He was a sail maker on Commer- 
cial street, Bos.ton. He died October 7, 1839, 
at the age of forty years. He married, Janu- 
ary 18, 1823. Hannah Berry, born October 16, 
1800. Children: William; Angelina; Lucy, 
married William Learned ; Sarah, married 
Hilliard Coodale ; Helen, unmarried ; Edward 
Long, mentioned below. 

(\'IH ) Edward Long, son of Edward 
Long Jennings Tead, was born July 15, 1826, 
in Boston. He attended the public schools 
there and won the Franklin medal for scholar- 
ship. He was a student in the Chauncey Hall 
School for one year. He began his business 
life in the employ of the Kimball Company, 
wholesale dealers in woolens. He left this 
position to become messenger of the newly 
organized Suffolk Bank of Boston, was pro- 
moted after a time to the position of paying 
teller, and was afterward cashier of the 
Faneuil Hall Bank. He was elected president 
of the National Exchange Bank of Boston, 
and filled this office with ability for a period 
of twenty-three years. He was honored by 
many private trusts and was executor and 
trustee of a number of large estates. He was 
a trustee of the Eliot Fund, Jamaica Plain. 
He was a modest man, seeking no public 
honors and accepting no public office. Once 
he declined the honor of having a steamship 



named for him, when a committee named for 
the purpose waited upon him to secure his 
consent. He was a member of the Old South 
church of Boston. He died April 2, 1899. He 
married. Mav 8, 1851. Lucretia Hovey Cleas- 
by. born March 20, 1831, daughter of Ezekiel 
and Elizabeth Burnham (Hovey) Cleasby. 
Her sister Lucy never married; her sister 
Sarah Frances married Air. Riley; her sister 
Mary married Hiram Hill, of Campton, New 
Hampshire. Children: Edward Sampson, 
mentioned below ; Mary E., unmarried. 

(IX) Rev. Edward Sampson Tead, son of 
Edward Long Tead, was born in Boston. He 
attended the public schools at Jamaica Plain 
and fitted in the Boston high school for col- 
lege. He graduated from Amherst College in 
the class of 1875 with the degree of A. B. He 
was a student at Yale Divinity School in 1876- 
"j-j, then entered Andover Theological Semin- 
ary, from which he was graduated in the class 
of' 1878. His first parish was at Westbrook, 
Maine, where he preached in the Congrega- 
tional church from 1878-84. He was pastor 
of the Prospect Hill Congregational Church, 
Somerville. Massachusetts, 1884-1901. Since 
then he has been secretary of the Congrega- 
tional Education Society. ' He is a trustee of 
the Atlanta Theological Seminary of Atlanta, 
Georgia: trustee of the Tabor Academy at 
Marion, Massachusetts ; member of the Bos- 
ton Congregational Club. In politics he is a 
Republican. He married (first) Louisa M., 
daughter of Jonathan S. and Caroline (Smiths 
Graves, of Hatfield. Massachusetts; (second) 
Louise M.. daughter of John 'W. and Virginia 
(]\Ioore) Ordway. Her father was a gradu- 
ate of Dartmouth College, and the salutator- 
ian of his class ; taught school several years 
in Missouri: employed several years a chemist 
in the Amoskeag Mills, Manchester, New 
Hampshire ; became professor of chemistry in 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technolog}': 
professor of chemistry at Tulane University, 
New Orleans, for more than twenty years : 
•died July, 1909, at Saugus, Massachusetts. 
Children of first wife: I. Donald Graves, 
"born March 5, 1880. 2. Stanley Hovey, Octo- 
ber 6, 1882. 3. Constance. June 15, 1886. 
Children of second wife: 4. Ordway, born 
September 10. 1891. 5. Phillips. September 
29, 1893. 

Benjamin Cooley. immigrant 
COOLEY ancestor, was an early settler 

in that part of Springfield 
called Longmeadow. From him are descend- 
ted all of the name in this country, as far as 

known. He married Sarah , who died 

August 23, 1684. He died August 17, 1684, 
and his will and inventory were filed Septem- 
ber 30 following and and agreement for divi- 
sion accepted. Children: i. Bethiah, born 
September 16, 1643, died December 9, 1771 ; 
married, December 5, 1664, Henry Chapin. 2. 
Obediah, September 27, 1646, mentioned be- 
low. 3. Elakin, January 8, 1648, died De- 
cember I. 171 1. 4. Daniel. Alay 2. 1651, died 
February 9. 1727. 5. Sarah, February 27. 
1653, married, January 5. 1679, Jonathan 
Morgan. 6. Benjamin, September i. 1656, 
died November 29. 1731. 7. Mary, June 22, 
1659, married, April 21, 1687, Thomas Terry. 
8. 'Joseph. :\larch 6, 1661, died :\lay 20, 1740. 

(II) Obadiah, son of Benjaman Cooley, 
was born September 27, 1646, died Septem- 
ber 3, 1690. He married, November 9, 1670, 
Rebecca Williams, who married (second) No- 
vember 26, 1 69 1, John Warner, and died Oc- 
tober 18, 1715. Children: i. Rebecca, born 
August 23, 1671. 2. Sarah. August 2, 1673. 
3. ]\Iarv, December 9, 1675, married, IMay 28, 
1696, John Ferry. 4. Obadiah, August i. 
1678. mentioned below. 5. Anna, ]\Tarch 5. 
1681, married, 171 1, Nathan Collins. 6. Jo- 
seph. November 12, 1683, died September 20. 
1767. 7. Jonathan. June 28. 1686, died Au- 
gust 2, 17S2. 

(III) Obadiah (2). son of Obadiah (i) 
Coolev. was born in Springfield, .\ugust t. 
1678,' died October 6, 1764. He married. 
January 22, 1702, Dorcas Hale. He bought 
land in Springfield, on the west .side of the 
Great river, in 17.30. and in 1738 purchased 
of Benjamin Ball three acres of land on the 
bank of the river, now known as the Isaac 
Humiston place, where he is supposed to have 
died. Children: i. Obadiah, born January 
9. 1705, settled in Brookfield. 2. Noah. Au- 
gust 10, 1706, settled in Brimfield. 3. Moses. 
March 13. 1710, settled in Springfield. 4. 
David, June 27, 1712, settled in Palmer. 5. 
.^bel. April 12. 1717, mentioned below. 6. 
Jacob, November 18. 1720. settled in Spring- 

(IV) Abel, son of Obadiah (2) Cooley, 
was born in Springfield, .^pril 12, 1717. He 
was a soldier in the revolution, in Captain 
Enoch Chapin's companv. Colonel Timothy 
Danielson's regiment, on the Lexington alarm. 
April 19, 1775. He was also in Captain Caleb 
Keep's companv. Colonel ^^'illiam Shepard's 
regiment, in 1777-78. and wintered at A^allev 
Forge. Pennsvlvania. He purchased of ]\Toses 
Milier six acres on the corner opposite his 
father's homestead in West Springfield, ^^'ith 



the exception of the house, which was on the 
lot of the late Joshua Ela and was sold many 
years ago, the original homestead is still 
owned by his descendants. He married Alercy 
Cooley, of one of the old Springfield families. 
Children: i. John, mentioned below. 2. Wal- 
ter. Probably several daughters. 

(V) John, son of Abel Cooley, was born in 
West Springfield, 1750-60, and settled in 
Tatham on a farm opposite that of Talcott A. 
Rogers. He married Elizabeth Day. Chil- 
dren : I. John, died unmarried. 2. Abel, men- 
tioned below. And probably several daughters. 

(\T) Abel (2), son of John Cooley, was 
born at Tatham and spent his life in West 
Springfield. He married Lois Gofl:". Children, 
born at West Springfield : Lorin, Linas, Rob- 
ert, Lucy, Sarah, Henry, mentioned below; 
Maria, married James Wallace; and Fannie, 
married Nathan Morgan. 

(VH) Rev. Henry, son of Abel (2) Cooley, 
was born at West Springfield, December 23, 
1809. He attended the public schools of his 
native town. When a young man he was post- 
master of West Springfield. He decided to 
study for the ministry and after two years of 
private instruction he entered the Yale Divin- 
ity School, in which he studied four years, 
graduating in 1846. He was ordained Decem- 
ber 2, 1846, and preached first at Southwick, 
Massachusetts. He was the first pastor of the 
Congregational church at Mittineague. He 
preached for seven years in West Suffield. 
He resigned from the ministry in 1863, on ac- 
count of ill health, and died at his home in 
Springfield, October i, 1894, aged eighty-five 
years. In his will he left legacies to two of 
the parishes in which he had been minister. 
He married, June, 1836, Lois Maria Brown, 
born 1814, in Bloomfield, Connecticut. Chil- 
dren: I. Frances Maria, born August 6, 1837, 
died January 23, 1896: married Israel Har- 
mon, of Springfield ; three children : Martha 
F., Clara E. and Lilla. 2. :\Iary. born Janu- 
ary 21, 1851, married Samuel J. Whyte, of the 
Fire and ]\Iarine Insurance Company of 
Springfield; has no children. 3. Emma, born 
March 3, 1853. died November 14. 1885 ; mar- 
ried Dwight L. Wing; had two children : Ray- 
mond C. and Helen C. 4. Henry Jr., born 
February 20, 1855, died October 29, 1885 ; 
■ educated in the public and high schools of 
Springfield : was bookkeeper several years for 
Meekms, Packard & Wheat, of Springfield; 
was in business later on his own account in 
Springfield ; removed to Charleston, Illinois, 
where he was in business and where he died. 

Abercrombie or Aber- 
ABERCROMBIE cromby is a surname 

derived from a barony 
of that name in Fifeshire, Scotland. Aber 
means "beyond" and crombie, "the crook", 
or bend in the stream of fifeness. The parish 
was known as St. Monanco, but has been 
known as Abercromby since 1174, and the 
family were chiefs of the name until the sev- 
enteenth century, when that line became ex- 
tinct. Then Abercrombie of Birkenbog, Banff- 
shire, was created the head of the clan of 
Abercrombie. In 1637 Alexander Abercrom- 
bie, of Birkenbog, was made a baronet of 
Scotland and Nova Scotia, and distinguished 
himself as a royalist during the civil wars. 
The baronetcy is still in the family. The coat- 
of-arms used by all the Abercrombie families 
is : Argent a chevron gules between three 
boars' heads erased azure. Crest : An oak tree 
acorned on a mount proper. Motto, "Tace". 
The crest and motto vary in diiTerent branches 
of the family. A branch of the family in 
South Carolina used the following arms be- 
fore the revolution : Argent a chevron gules 
between three boars' heads erased azure 
langued of the field, an antique crown or. 
Crest: A cross calvary gules. Motto: "In 
Cruce Salva". 

(I) Rev. Robert Abercrombie, immigrant 
ancestor, was born in 1712, and graduated at 
the L^niversity of Edinburgh, Scotland, where 
he had a reputation of being a profound 
scholar, familiar with Latin, Greek, Hebrew 
and Syriac. He also brought testimonials 
from the Presbytery of Edinburg and Kirk- 
caldy, and recommendations from distinguish- 
ed Scotch divines. He was a descendant in 
an unbroken line of Abercrombies back to the 
twelfth century, in Fifeshire, Scotland. He 
landed in Boston in the autumn of 1740, and 
preached among Presbyterians at Boston, 
Worcester, and other places, going about on 
horseback among the Scotch-Irish Presby- 
terians who went from Worcester to Pelham, 
Massachusetts. On May it, 1742, he was 
asked to supply the pulpit at Pelham, and the 
following year a call was extended to him to 
become the settled minister. A protest, how- 
ever, was signed by twenty-two of the par- 
ishioners, against his settlement there, al- 
though no reason was given for the act in the 
document. It was unavailing, and he was or- 
dained August 30, 1744. Rev. Jonathan Ed- 
wards preaching the ordination sermon. He 
was granted Lot No. i on the north side of the 
middle range road, and a house was built for 



him which he occupied probably until his 
death. The relations between pastor and peo- 
ple were never very satisfactory, and there 
was constant trouble, after the first two years, 
concerning the payment of his salary. There 
was radical disagreement in regard to the doc- 
trine of infant baptism, and other difficulties 
as well, and about 1754 his pastorate was ter- 
minated, and the church doors were closed 
against him. In 1748 he had expressed a de- 
sire to be dismissed from the Presbytery, but 
his request w-as refused. In the correspond- 
ence which ensued between him and the Pres- 
bytery, his communications were sound and 
able. He was a man of strong mind and will, 
conscientious to a degree, and a strict dis- 
ciplinarian. The absence of harmonious feel- 
ing at the first prevented a good understand- 
ing between pastor and people, and his concep- 
tion of duty would not allow him to deal 
gently with the more liberal of his people. The 
Scotch character was too firm and tenacious 
to admit of any half-way measures. He died 
in Pelham, March 7, 1786. In August, 1900, 
his grave was marked by a huge boulder, 
weighing five tons. He had five sons in the 
revolution. He married Margaret Stevenson, 
who died November 2, 1765, daughter of John 
Stevenson. Children: i. David. 2. Andrew. 
3. Margaret. 4. Samuel. 5. John. 6. Wil- 
liam. 7. James, born 1754. 8. Sarah, Octo- 
ber II, 1756. 9. Robert. 10. Isaac, Septem- 
ber 30, 1759, mentioned be1ow^ 11. Mehit- 
able, July 4, 1762 (?). 

(II) Captain Isaac, son of Rev. Robert 
Abercrombie, was born in Pelham, September 
30, 1759, died December 4, 1847. ^^■ben a 
boy he made his home with William Hyslop, 
of Brookline, a wealthy Englishman and 
friend of his father. He returned to Pelham, 
where he settled, and lived on the homestead. 
He was a man of fine presence, erect and state- 
ly, and filled many offices of honor and trust. 
He was deputy to the general court in 1799- 
1800-01-02-04-06-09-19. He was a selectman 
often, justice of the peace for Hampshire and 
Hampden counties, and captain in the militia. 
He served in the revolution from Brookline in 
Captain Thomas Mayo Jr.'s company. Col- 
onel Eleazer Weld's regiment, in December, 
1776. at Bull and Castle Island: also in Cap- 
tain Lemuel May's company. Colonel Mcin- 
tosh's regiment at Roxbury in 1778. He re- 
moved to New Salem, thence to Greenfield, 
and finally in 1830 to Deerfield, where he died. 
He married, January 26, 1790, Martha Mc- 
Culloch, who died April 15, 1837. Children: 
iv— 34 

I. William Hyslop, born August 4, 1791. 2. 
Isaac, July 20, 1793. 3. Ira, September 25, 
1795, died young. 4. Sally, May 12, 1797. 5. 
Lucinda, May 13, 1798, died young. 6. Otis, 
June 25. 1802, mentioned below. 7. Ira, Janu- 
ary 28, 1805. 8. Asiel, October 21, 1807, men- 
tioned below. 9. Lucinda, April 20, 1809. 

(Ill) Otis, son of Captain Isaac Aber- 
crombie, was born in Pelham, Massachusetts, 
June 25, 1802. He graduated at Williams Col- 
lege in 1823; studied medicine in Richmond, 
Virginia, and New Haven, Connecticut, and 
received degree of M. D. from Yale in 1827. 
He was licensed by the Massachusetts Medical 
Society in May, 1827, and then located in 
Ashburnham, Massachusetts, where he was 
favorably received and soon acquired a high 
rank in his profession. In 1829 he removed to 
Fitchburg, Massachusetts, and there was as- 
sociated with Jonas A. Marshall, M. D., in 
the practice of medicine and surgery. He was 
a man of rare intellectual ability, eminently 
skillful as a surgeon, and his keen powers of 
observation, knowledge and good judgment 
made him a trusted practitioner and one of 
the most successful physicians and surgeons in 
the vicinity. After a successful practice of 
nine years in Fitchburg, his health failed and 
he retired from the active duties of his pro- 
fession and removed to Lunenburg, ^lassa- 
chusetts, where he was interested in public af- 
fairs, serving several years as selectman and 
]30stmaster. He died in Lunenburg, January 
24, 1851. He married, June 16, 1835, Dorothy 
Lovina, daughter of Major Daniel and Mary 
( Sawyer ) Putnam, of Lunenburg, Massachu- 
setts. Children: i. Otis Putnam, born in 
Fitchburg, Alassachusetts, September 3, 1836; 
graduated at Harvard, 1858; read law 
in Springfield, Worcester and Harvard 
Law School, graduated LL. B., 1861 ; 
admitted to the bar at Springfield. June 
16, 1861 ; went to Chicago in that year and 
there practiced law until 1885, when he re- 
turned to Lunenburg, where he died August 
20, 1904; he married in Chicago, May 22, 
1873, Kate, daughter of Josiah E. and Har- 
riet (Johnson) McClure, of Milwaukee: she 
died in Chicago, October 18, 1873. 2. Mar- 
tha Anna, born April 21, 1839. 3. Daniel 
Putnam, born January 21, 1844; graduated at 
Harvard, 1866; married in Montague, IMassa- 
chusetts, October 7, 1874, Julia Abby, daugh- 
ter of Cyrus and Sophia (Brown) Clapp. 

(Ill) Asiel, son of Captain Isaac Abercrom- 
bie, was born at Pelham, October 21, 1807, died 
March lo, 1874. He w-as educated in the pub- 



lie schools and at the New Salem Academy, 
and assisted his father on the farm. He settled 
in New Salem, where he was a merchant. He 
removed to Deerfield, and engaged in the hotel 
business until the advent of the railroad. He 
then conducted a farm. He was director of 
the Franklin County National Bank in Green- 
field, and a trustee of the Greenfield Savings 
Bank and the Deerfield Academy until his 
death. He married, June 19, 1845. Elizabeth 
F. Fuller, daughter of Aaron Fuller. Chil- 
dren: I. Robert, born April 24, 1846; married 
(first) December 30, 1873, Ellen M. Craw- 
ford, who died June 6, 1892; (second) Ma- 
thilda I'lrich ; children: i. Robert Crawford, 
born November 9, 1874: ii. Elizabeth Brooks, 
December 31, 1876, died December 11. 1890: 
iii. James Douglas, August 29, 1878, married 
Ella" M. Brigham ; iv. Harold Francis, Sep- 
tember 17, 1880: v. William Huntington, born 
September 6, 1885; vi. Edward Marion, born 
May 26, 1892. 2. Elizabeth, September 26, 
1848. 3. William Hyslop, September 23, 
1851. 4. Hattie Fuller. July 11, i860. 

The surname Draper is derived 
DRAPER from the trade of some remote 

ancestor, and belongs to the 
class of English names represented by Smith, 
Carjienter Cook, Weaver, Farmer, etc. The 
family in England is very ancient, and has 
produced many distinguished men. 

(D Thomas Draper, father of the Ameri- 
can immigrant, lived and died in the parish 
of Heptonstall, vicarage of Halifax, York- 
shire, England. He himself was a clothier by 
trade. Children: Thomas, John, William, 
James (mentioned below), Mary, Martha. All 
remained in England excepting James. 

(H) James, son of Thomas Draper, was 
the immigrant ancestor. He was born in Hep- 
tonstall, in 1618, and came to New England 
about the time he caine of age, and from 
1640 to 1650 was a pioneer and proprietor of 
the town of Roxbury, Massachusetts. In 
1654 he became a proprietor of Lancaster, 
Massachusetts, but remained in Roxbury, and 
died there in July 1694, aged seventy-three 
years. His grave in the old Roxbury church- 
yard is marked by a stone. He was admitted 
a freeman in 1690. From his exceedingly 
strict piety he was known in his day as "James 
the Puritan", and thus is still known to genea- 
logists and historians. He was the owner of 
several looms, and followed his trade of cloth- 
ier in this country. He married, April 21, 
1646, at Heptonstall. England, Miriam Stans- 

field. born there November 27, 1625, daughter 
of Ciideon and Grace (Eastwood) Stansfield. 
She died at Roxbury, December-January, 
1697. Her epitaph reads: "Here lyes ye 
body of Mrs. Marrian Draper, wife of Mr. 
James Draper, aged about J"] years. Dec- 
Jan. 1697." The stone appears to be one of 
the oldest in the burying ground. Children: i. 
Miriam, born in England, February 7, 1646- 
47 ; died there. 2. Susannah, born 1650, at 
Roxbury ; married John Bacon, of Charles- 
town. 3. Sarah, born 1652, at Roxbury. 4. 
James, mentioned below. 5. John, born April 
24, 1656, at Dedham, Massachusetts; died 
.\pril 5, 1749. 6. Moses, born at Dedham, 
September 26, 1663; died at Boston, August 
14, 1693. 7. Daniel, born May 30, 1665, at 
Dedham, and died there. 8. Patience, born 
.\ugust 17, 1668, at Rox bury. 9. Jonathan, 
born March 10, 1670, at Roxbury; died there 
F'ebruary 28, 1746-47; married Sarah Jack- 

(HI) James (2), son of James (i) Draper, 
was born in Roxbury, in 1654, and died there 
.\])ril 30, 1698. He was a soldier in King 
Philip's war in 1675-76. He married, F'ebru- 
ary 18, 1681, Abigail Whiting, died in Rox- 
bury, (October 25, 1721, aged fifty-nine years. 
The gravestones of both husband and wife are 
to be found in the Roxbury burial ground, 
now part within the city of Boston. In 1683 
leave was granted to James Draper and Na- 
thaniel Whiting to erect a fulling mill in Ded- 
ham below the corn mill on Mother Brook. 
The Draper interests in this mill property 
were gradually sold out to the Whitings. 
Draper injured a sinew while wrestling, and 
was never able to leave his house afterward. 
He was said to be the strongest wrestler in the 
town. Children, born at Roxbury: I. Abigail, 
December 29, 1681 ; married James Griggs. 
2. Nathaniel, April 2, 1684: died December 
30, 1721. 3. William, May 15, 1686; died 
young. 4. Eunice, June 5, 1689. 5. James, 
1691 ; died April 24. 1768; ancestor of Gover- 
nor Eben S. Draper, General William F. 
Draper, and the other Drapers of Hopedale. 
6. Gideon, 1694 ; mentioned below. 7. Eben- 
ezer, April 27, 1698; died at Attleborough, 
lune 3, 1784. 

(IV) Gideon, son of James (2) Draper, 
was born in Roxbury, in 1694. He settled at 
Dedham. Children: i. Abigail, born May 26, 
1714; died December 4, 1729. 2. James, born 
September 29, 1715; died January 7, 1719. 3. 
John, born July 29, 1717. 4. Ruth, Novem- 
ber 29. 1718. 3. Gideon, .'\ugust 25, 1722; 



mentioned below. 6. Nathaniel, February 17, 
1724; major in the revolution; married Grace 

(\') Gideon (2), son of Gideon (ij Drap- 
er, was born August 25, 1722, and died at 
Dover, New York, in 1778. He went from 
Roxbury to settle in the Connecticut Gore, in 
what was afterward Dover, New York. Chil- 
dren : I. William, mentioned below. 2. Jo- 
seph, married Benson. 3. Reuben. 4. 

John. 5. Ebenezer, married Hannah Worces- 
ter. 6. Benjamin. 7. Ezekiel, unmarried. 8. 
Gideon. 9. Nathan. 10. Millie, married 
Oliver Grigs; family of Quakers. 11. Abi- 
gail, married Caspar Elster, a Hession soldier 
who settled in this country. 12. Son. 

(\'l) William, son of Gideon (2) Draper, 
was born in Roxbury. He was a Quaker, and 
it being against his religious principles to en- 
gage in warfare, he was induced to go to Long 
Island during the revolution to escape con- 
cription. He lived at Akron. Children : Gid- 
eon, born in Connecticut in 1769, died August, 
1S50; Daniel: Nathaniel, mentioned below; 
William ; David. 

(VH) Nathaniel, son of William Draper, 
was born about 1770, in Connecticut or New 
York. Children: I. Nathaniel, resided at 
High River Junction and Rochester, New 
York; married Rachel Casten, of Milo, Yates 
county. New York ; teacher, farmer and jus- 
tice of the peace. 2. Thomas Penniman, men- 
tioned below. 3. Samuel. 4. Grace. 5. 
\nna. 6. Mary. 7. Sallie. 8. Betsey. 

( \'ni ) Thomas Penniman, son of Na- 
thaniel Draper, was born about 1800. He 
married Sarah Parmenter. Children: i. 
Charles T., died aged two years. 2. George 
Parmalee, or Parmenter, born August 9, 1833. 
3. Samuel, mentioned below. 

(IX) Samuel, son of Thomas Penniman 
Draper, was born about 1825-30. He lived at 
Charlestown. New Hampshire. Children: 
Ezra, mentii )nod below ; Nathaniel L.. resided 
at West Randol]ih, \'ermont ; Sarah, Eli, John. 

(X) Ezra J., son of Samuel Draper, was 
educated in the public schools and at Chastia 
or Claremont, New Hampshire. He was a 
bridge and wharf builder. He resided at 
Castine, Maine, and Somerville, Massachu- 
setts. He married Frances Emeline Butler. 
Children: Frank L., mentioned below; Wil- 
lard J,. Ada. 

(XI) Frank L., son of Ezra J. Draper, was 
born at Castine, Maine, July 31, 1852. He at- 
tended the public schools of Somerville. Mas- 
sachusetts, and graduated from the Somer- 

ville high school, class of 1868. For thirty- 
eight years (now 1909) he has been associated 
with the Somerville fire department. Begin- 
ning in 1871 as "callman", in 1892 he went 
into the electrical department, where he was 
employed for nine years, and was then ap- 
pointed "permanent". Since February, 1906, 
he has been and is acting captain of Ladder 
Company No. i, Somerville. He is a member 
of John Abbott Lodge of Masons, Oasis 
Lodge, No. 146, I. O. O. F., and the Veteran 
h'iremen's .\ssociation, all of Somerville. He 
married, July 15. 1873, Lizzie M. Moore, born 
.\pril I, 1858, daughter of Abram and Maria 
(Marple) Moore. Children: i. Frank E.. 
born June 15. 1874; educated in Somerville 
]5ublic and high schools ; enlisted in Company 
M, Eighth Massachusetts Regiment, Massa- 
clnisetts \'olunteer Militia, and was in service 
during the Spanish War ; died of typhoid 
fever at Chattanooga, Tennessee, aged twenty- 
three years. 2. Nina. 3. Bertie. 4. Lottie, 
graduate of Somerville high school ; teacher 
for some years in Norwood high school ; mar- 
ried Frank E. Webster, 1905 ; child, Pauline 
Kellogg Webster, born at Somerville. 1907. 

All the old families of the 
CHEEVER surname Cheever in New 

England appear to come from 
the same stock. There were several immi- 
grant ancestors, but all nearly related. Bar- 
tholomew Cheever, born in England, settled in 
l^.oston, a shoemaker by trade, admitted free- 
man Atay 2fi, 1647, ti'ifl 'o the church May 31, 
iCi4fi. died 1693: his will dated October 21, 
proved December 28, 1693. bequeathed to wife 
Lydia, brother Daniel, and seven children by 
name ; to cousin Ezekiel Cheever, mentioned 
below, and Richard Cheever with his son Bar- 
tholomew ; to cousins Elizabeth Harwood, 
William and Samuel Barrett, to William 
Thwing and Benjamin Marsh ; to Stephen 
Palmer, who married brother Daniel Cheever's 
daughter Elizabeth ; to children of cousin 
Ballantine and to poor of the old church ; his 
widow Lydia was a sister of William Barrett, 
and her will v^'as proved March 14, 1701 ; they 
had no children. Daniel Cheever, brother of 
the above, born in England, was a husband- 
man of Cambridge, deposing .April 7, 1664, 
that he was aged about forty-three years; his 
wife Hester was a member of the church; he 
died March. 1703-4; his will dated .\pril 30, 
1698, proved June 21, 1704, refers to Pirother 
Bartholomew Cheever, of Boston, deceased, 
to sons Israel. James; daughters Lydia Lux- 



ford, Elizabeth Palmer and Hannah Barrett, 
wife of William liarrett, son-in-law of Joseph 
Champney. Peter Cheever, another immi- 
grant ancestor, was a nephew of Ezekiel 
Cheever, mentioned below. 

(I) Ezekiel Cheever, immigrant ancestor of 
this branch of the family, born in London, 
January 26, 1614-15, came to Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1637, and became the famous and 
worthy schoolmaster of the Boston Latin 
School. He removed in 1638 to New Haven, 
afterwards to Ipswich, where he resided in 
1650; then to Charlestown, in November, 
1661, and finally to Boston again in 1671, 
where he died August 21, 1708. He was an 
interesting figure in the early history of the 
colonies. President Eliot, of Harvard Col- 
lege, has recently written a book about him. 

He married (first) in 1638, Mary , who 

died at New Haven, January 20, 1649; (sec- 
ond) November 18, 1652, Ellen, sister of Cap- 
tain Thomas Lothrop of Beverly. She died 
September 10, 1706. His will, dated J-'ebruary 
16, 1705-06, proved August 24, 1708, he- 
<|ueathed to wife Ellen, children Sanniel, 
Mary, Elizabeth, Ezekiel, Thomas and Su- 
sanna; to grandson Ezekiel Russell. Children: 
I. Samuel, born September 22, 1639. 2. Mary, 
baptized November 29, 1640; married Wil- 
liam Lewis. 3. Ezekiel, baptized June 12, 
1642; died young. 4. Elizabeth, baptized 
April 6, 1645 ; married Samuel Goldthwaite. 
5. Sarah, baptized September 21, 1646. 6. 
Hannah, baptized June 25, 1648. Chiklren of 
second wife: 7. Abigail, born October 20, 
1653. 8. Ezekiel, July i, 1655; mentioned be- 
low. 9. Nathaniel, born in Ipswich, June 23, 
1657; f^'^d there July 12, 1657. 10. Thomas, 
born August 23, 1658. 11. William, born in 
Charlestown, January 23, died February 5, 
1664. 12. Susanna, married, June 5, 1693, 
Joseph Russell. 

(II) Ezekiel (2), son of Ezekiel (i) 
Cheever, was born July i, 1655, and was a 
tailor by trade. He was one of the signers of 
the petition of the Salem troop for commis- 
sioned officers in 1678, and took the oath of 
fidelity that year. He lived in Salem, and 
took the freeman's oath May 11, 1681. He 
was a charter member of the church at Salem 
\'illage, November 19, 1689, and was soon 
subjected to its discipline. "Sab. 30 March 
1690, Brother Cheevers who having in distress 
for a horse upon his wives approaching travell 
about five or six weeks past taken his neigh- 
bour Joseph Putnams horse out of his stable 
& without leave or asking of it, was called 

forth to give satisfaction to the olifended 
Church as also the last Sabbath he was called 
forth for the same purpose, but then he failed 
in giving satisfaction, by reason of his some- 
what minsing the latter part of his confession, 
which in the former he had more ingenuously 
acknowledged, but this day the Church re- 
ceived satisfaction as was testifyed by their 
holding up of their hands. And upon the 
whole a word of caution by the Pastor was 
dropt upon th oft'endour in particular, & upon 
us all in generall." At the hearing before the 
magistrates, iNlarch I, 1691-2, in Salem Vil- 
lage, in the cases of the first persons charged 
with witchcraft, he was deputed to take down 
the examination of the unfortunates. At the 
trial of Martha Corey he made the following 
deposition; March 19 following: "Mr. Ezekiel 
Cheevers affirmed to ye jury of inquest : that 
he saw IMartha wife to Giles Cory examined 
before ye Majestrates at which time he ob- 
served that ye sd Cory sometimes did bite her 
lip ; and when she bit her lip mercy Lewis and 
Elizath Hubbard and others of ye afflicted 
])ersons were bitten also when s'd Cory pinch- 
ed her fingers together : then mercy lewise 
I''lizabetli Hubbard and others were pinched ; 
and according to ye motions of s'd martha 
Coryes body; so was yea fficted persons; af- 
llicted ; this he affirmed to be true acording to 
ye best of his observation Mr. Edward Put- 
nam affirmed ye same to ye jury of inquest 
that Mr. Cheevers doth Mr. Thomas Putnam 
affirmed ye same: all upon oaths of all of 

He owned lands in Dracut, antl was one of 
the committee of proprietors to lay out lands 
there, and his name ajipears on the rate list 
of Salem as late as 1731. F^Iis will was dated 
November 18, 1724, and iiroved December 30, 
1 73 1. He married, in Salem, June 17, 1680. 
Abigail Lippingwell. Children: I. Abigail 
born March 22, 1679-80. 2. Ezekiel, bap- 
tized July 31, i68r. 3. Thomas, born Febru- 
ary 28, 1683; died December 17, 1690. 4. 
Ezekiel, born March 15, 1685-6; died I<\Mjru- 
ary 15, 1689-90. 5. Samuel, born February 9, 
1689-90; mentioned below. 6. Ebenezer, bap- 
tized June 26, 1692. 7. Nathaniel, settled in 
Dracut. 8. Ezekiel, settled in Dracut. 0. 
r>enjamin, baptized July 6, 1701. 

(Ill) Samuel, son of Ezekiel (2) Cheever, 
was born in Salem, February 9, 1689-00, and 
baptized at Salem Village, April 13. following. 
He was a weaver by trade, and administration 
on his estate was granted his widow Mary, on 
January 14, 1733- Children, born in Salem: 



I. Abigail, October 3, 1715. 2. Samuel, April 
30, 1719; mentioned below. 3. Israel, June 
18, 1721 ; married Rutli Perkins of Topstield. 
'4. Mary, April 30, 1725. 5. Elizabetli. -Au- 
gust 28, 1728. 

(TV) Sanuiel (2), son of Samuel ( i ) 
Cheever, was born April 30, 17 19, and ba])- 
tized in Salem \'illage, afterwards Danvers, 
June 7, 1719. He was in Captain John Put- 
nam's company on the Lexington alarm. He 
lived in Danvers, and may have married twice. 
Children of Samuel and wife Elizabeth, born 
at Danvers: i. Elizabeth, April 20, 1752 
(old style). 2. Leefe, February 14, 1754. 3. 
Samuel, September 12, 1756. 4. Samuel, bap- 
tized December 3, 1758. 5. Mary, born .April 
23. 1760. fi. Ezekiel. August 19, i/C)2. 7. 
Nathan, mentioned below. 8. Sarah, ba])- 
tized July 31, 1768. 

(Y) Nathan, son of Samuel (2) Cheever, 
was born June 17, 1763, he lived at Danvers. 
He married Mehitable Porter. Children, born 
at Danvers, (except Ira) : i. Porter, January 
6, 1793. 2. Ezekiel. September 28, 1794. 3. 
Nathan, August 26, 1790. 4. Ira, mentioned 
below. 5. Sallv. November 2C;, 1800. fi. 
Marv. December i, 1802. 7. Cynthia Porter, 
Alarch ifi, 1805. 8. .^anuiel. July 8, 1807. q. 
Mehitable Rea, June 8, 18 10. 

(\I) Ira, son of Nathan Cheever, was 
born at Hopkinton, New Hampshire, where 
his parents resided fnr a short time (accord- 
ing to the Danvers vital records) July 20. 
1798. He died in Chelsea, Massachusetts. 
September 11, 1876. He married (first) Mar- 
tha ( Safford ) Patch, widow of Ca])tain Tracy 
Patch, of Marblehead: (second) Meliitabl'.- 
Felt, of Salem. He lived in Salem. L'hildreii 
of first wife: Tracy Patch, mentioned below: 
Nancy. Children of second wife: Joseph 
Charles Felt, Henrv .Augustus, .\nna. Twn 
others died in infancy. 

(ATI) Tracy Patch, son of Ira Clieever, 
was born in Marblehead .March 28, 1824. He 
lived at Chelsea, Massachusetts, where many 
of the Cheever famil\- have lived for many 
generations. He married Louisa Rebecca Kil- 
burn. born July 12, 1833, daughter of John 
and Maria ( (lage) Kilburn. Children, all 
born in Chelsea: i. .Albert Safford, born Sep- 
tember 17, 1857 ; mentioned below. 2. Alartha 
Louise, born .A]3ril 13, 1863; never married. 
3. Tracv Patch Tr., born February 12, 1865. 

(\Ili) .\lbert S.. .son of Tracy Patch 
Cheever, was born in Chelsea, September 17, 
1857. He was educated in the public and high 
schools of his native town. He entered the 

engineering department of the Fitchburg rail- 
road, and for nine years was chief engineer. 
In 1900, when the Fitchburg road was leased 
b\- the ISoston & Maine Railroad Company in 
upo, he was appointed superintendent of the 
I'"itchburg division. He is well known and 
highly esteemed in railroad circles. He mar- 
ried, June 7, 1893, Josephine M., daughter of 
John J. and Mary ( Brown ) Grant, of Deer- 
iield, Massachusetts. He makes his home in 
Somerville, Massachusetts, at fi Aldersey 
street. Children: i. Walter G.. born at Fitch- 
burg, Mav 22. i8i;5. 2. Alice, born at Somer- 
ville, June 2, 1900. .Another child, died in in- 

Thomas Brown, immigrant an- 
l'.l\( )WX cestor, was born in 1628 and 

settled in Lynn, Massachusetts, 
lie luarried Mary, born 1637, youngest child 
of Thomas and Mary Newall, of Lynn. 
Children: I. Thomas, mentioned below. 2. 
Mary, born February 10, 1655, died May 18, 
Tfifi2. 3. Sarah, .August 20, 1657, died .Au- 
gust I, 1658. 4. Joseph, February ifi, 1658. 
5. Sarah, September 13, 1660, died April 2, 
ifi62. 6. Jonathan, born and died .April 12, 
\(-tfi2. 7. John, removed to Stonington. 8. 
AIar\-, born Julv 26, ifififi. 9. Jonathan, Feb- 
ruar)- 11. 1668. 10. Eleazer, .August 4, 1670: 
removed to Stonington. 11. I'lbenezer, March 
Id, i6y2. died 1700. 12. Daniel. April 24. 
ifi73, (lied voung. 13. .Ann (twin), February 
4, (lied February 7, 1674. 14. Cirace (twin), 
l-'ebruary 4. died h'ebruary 7, ifi74. 13. Dan- 
iel, I-'ebruarv 1. ifi7fi, went to Stonington. 

(II) Thomas (2), son nf Thomas (i) 
Brown, was born at Lynn and died December 
zy. 1723. He settled in Stonington, Connec- 
ticut, soon after his marriage. He married. 
I'^ebruary 8, 1677, Hannah Collins, at Lynn. 
Children, born in Stonington: t. Samuel, 
December 8, 1678. 2. Hannah. December 3, 
ifi8o. 3. Mary, May 2fi, if^'^^^. 4. Jerusha, 
December 23, 1688. 3. Sarah, July 11, 1689. 
fi. Thomas, Februarv 14. ifi92, mentioned be- 
low. 7. Elizabeth, May 9, 1694. 8. Daniel, 
October 9, Tfi96. 9. Priscilla, January 30, 
1699. 10. Hum])hrey. September 16. 1701. 

(III) Thomas (3), son of Thomas (2) 
Brown, was born in Stonington, February 14. 
ifi()2: married, October 4, 1713. Deborah 
Holdridge. Children: i. Thomas, born 
.April 3, 1717, mentioned below. 2. William, 
July 9, 1720. 3. Deborah. May 30, 1722. 4. 
Dorothy, February 20, T724. 3. Jesse. .\u- 
gust 18. T73r. fi. Samuel. July 14. 1734. 7. 



Lois, Sepleiiibcr i, 173O. 

(IV) Thomas (4), son of Thomas (3) 
Brown, was born April 5, 1717, at Stonington. 
He married (first) April 27, 1737, Deborah 
Holdridge. He married (second) March 29, 
1753, Sarah Randall. Children of first wife, 
born at Stonington: i. Collins, born June 13, 
1743, mentioned bel(3w. 2. Benoni, November 
16, 1746. Children of second wife: 3. Wealthy, 
October i, 1753. 4. Lucy, March 9, 1755. 5. 
Samuel, November 16, 1757. 6. Sarah, Oc- 
tober I, 1758. 7. Perez, October 2, 1760. 8. 
.•\bel, August 7, 1762. 

(\ ) Collins, son of Thomas (4) Brown, 
was born June 13, 1743. He settled in Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, but removed later to Ma- 
sonville, Delaware county. New York. He 
married Margaret, daughter of John Chapin, 
who was born May i, 1753, married, August 
5- I775> -Margaret Ely. His father was 
Phineas Cha])in. Collins Brown lived some 
time in Springfield, where some of his children 
were born. He was the only Collins Brown in 
the state at the time of the census of 1790, 
and at that time had in his family at Spring- 
field two males over sixteen, one under six- 
teen, and three females. Children: i. Abel, 
a farmer of Springfield. 2. Patty, married 
Ichabod Whitney. 3. Ouartus. married Thirza 
.Smith. 4. .\ra, married Silas Kneeland. 5. 
Ann, died unmarried. 6. Polly, scalded to 
death. 7. Collins. 8. t'nevilda, married 
David Teed. 9. Mary Ann, married Stephen 
Whitman. 10. Roland. 

(\T) Roland, son of Collins Brown, was 
born in Chicopee. September 24, 1775. He 
married Lucy, daughter of John Frink Jr. 
She was born May 12. 1783. Children: i. 
Almena, born .August 22. 1802. 2. .\nson, 
February 3, 1805. 3. Lyman, October 2, 1807. 
4. Sumner, Decemljer 31, 1810. 5. .\lden, 
June 19, 1815. fi. Edmund R.. Febrnar\- 20, 
1820. 7. James M., November 4, 1822. 

(\TI) .\lden, son of Roland Brown, was 
born in Chico])ee. Massachusetts. June K), 
1815. He was educated in the comnmn schools, 
and when a young man went to Middlctown, 
Connecticut, and learned the trade of machin- 
ist. Later he went to Philadel])iiia, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he worked at his trade until 1843, 
when he engaged in the manufacture of paper, 
continuing until about 1848, where he return- 
ed to Springfield and there found employment 
in the United States armory as machinist and 
continued there until a short time before his 
death. In religious belief he was a Universal- 
ist and in ixilitics a Democrat. He married, 

January 5, 1843, Amy Arthur, a native of 
Philadelphia, daughter of Robert Arthur. 
Children: i. George Alonzo, born October i, 
1843. 2. Margaret Louise, February 3, 1847. 
3. Luman Spencer, mentioned below. 

( VHI) Luman Spencer, son of Alden 
Brown, was born at No. 29 Orleans street, 
Springfield, Massachusetts, November 4, 1855 
He was educated in the puljlic schools of his 
native city, and lived in the house in which he 
was born until his marriage ; he began house- 
keeping at No. 21 Orleans street, later re 
moved to No. 29 and 25 Orleans street, re- 
maining until December, 1901, when he moved 
to 71 Dartmouth Terrace. As a pupil in the 
])ublic schools he had the privilege of instruc'- 
tion under Charles Barrows, whom so many 
Springfield men and women remember for his 
ability as a teacher and his many fine c|ualities 
as a man. In 1870 Mr. Brown left school and 
started upon a mercantile career as clerk in 
Rude's stationery store. Afterward he was a 
clerk in his sister's store at 467 State street. 
This sister, Margaret Louise Brown, was a 
very capable and successful business woman. 
In 1882 Mr. Brown engaged in the manufac- 
ture of foundry facings at Willimansett, Mas- 
sachusetts, a suburb of Chicopee, Massachu- 
setts. He established the Springfield Facing 
Company and is the largest manufacturer of 
this line in New England. He is also presi- 
dent and treasurer of the L. S. Brown Char- 
coal t'om]iany, dealers in charcoal, Spring- 
field. In all these diversified industries and 
business interests Mr. Brown has achieved 
substantial success. He is a director of the 
Cha]iin National Bank, and an active member 
of tlie .Springfield Board of Trade. He is a 
lueniber of the St. Paul's I'niversalist Church 
of .Springfield and has always been actively 
engaged in the work of the parish, first as a 
Sunday school scholar in the old I'niversalist 
church, corner of Stockbridge and Main 
streets : then at the new location, corner of 
llridge and Chestnut streets for many years, 
and was an active member of the committee 
which advised selling the church and purchas- 
ing the beautiful stone structure at the corner 
of .State and S])ring streets, which was 
brduglit from the First Baptist parish late in 
the vear 1908, thoroughly repaired, and open- 
ed for service as a L^niversalist church in 
March, 1909. He belongs to Springfield Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, Nayasset Club 
and the Country Club. In politics he is inde- 
pendent. He married. March 8, i87r). Clara A. 
Rowland, of Hvde Park, Massachusetts, born 



October 24, 1857, daughter of James Freder- 
ick- Rowland, of Boston. Children: i. Amy 
L., born January 22, 1880; married. August 
20, 1899, Harry E. Steece, now of Steece, Cal- 
ifornia. 2. Sumner E., April 6, 1881 ; edu- 
cated in public schools of Springfield and Mas- 
sachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, 
Massachusetts ; mining engineer by profes- 
sion. 3. Bessie, June 11, 1885; married, Feb- 
ruary 24, 1904, C. H. Evans: resides at Hud- 
son, New York. 4. Frances S., September 
24, 1887, died September 11, 1891, aged four 
years. 5. Helen, November 16, 1891. 

(For prtceding generations, see Richard Towne 1). 

(HI) Joseph, fourth and young- 
TOW'XE est son of William and Joanna 
( Blessing ) Towne, was born 
about ifi.V). and baptized at .Salem, .Massachu- 
setts, September 3. 1648. March 22. 1690, 
he removed from Salem to Topsfield, where 
he became a prominent citizen and member 
of the church, and died there in 1713. He 
married Phebe, daughter of Thomas Perkins, 
of Topsfield : children : Phebe, born May 14, 
1666, died January 3, i66g; Joanna, born 
January 22, 1668; Mary, March 27, 1670: 
Susannah, December 24, 1671 : Joseph, March 
22, 1673: Sarah, December 30, 1675; John, 
February 20, 1678: Martha, May 19, 1680: 
I'hebe. July 23, 1685. 

( 1\' ) Joseph (2), elder son of Joseph (i) 
and Phebe (Perkins) Towne, was born March 
22, 1673, at Topsfield, and died May 28, 1757. 
He married (first) November 9, 1699, Mar- 
garet Case, of Salem: (second) November 5, 
1707, Abigail Curtis, born October 21, 1680, 
died March 8. 1729; (third) February 21. 
1730, Mary Mower, of Lynn, who died Oc- 
tober 2, 1739. His children, four by his first 
wife, ten by his second and one by his third, 
were: Margaret, born .August 6, 1700: Jo- 
seph, December 26, 1701 : .Archaelus, .August 
31, 1703: Israel: Elisha, September 5, 1708: 
Bartholoiuew, May 10, 1710: Mary, February 
18. 1712: David, I-'ebruary 13, 1715: -Abigail, 
May 3. |7i''i: I'hebe. May 31. 1718: Hannah, 
Februarv 15. 1720: Martha, August 25, 1722; 
Sarah, .April 2, 1726; Jonathan, September 6, 
1728; Eunice, August 22, 1733, died 1736. 

( \' ) Israel, third son of Joseph ( 2 ) and 
.Margaret (Case) Towne, was born March 24, 
1705, at Topsfield, Massachusetts, and died in 
.Amherst, Xew Hampshire, in 1791. He was 
one of the early settlers of Narragansett, later 
called Soughegan, and in 1760 incorporated by 
New Hampshire and named .Amherst. Tradi- 
tion has it his faniilv was the fourth to settle 

there, and his name is found connected with 
the organization of the church, lie shared in 
the grants of land made by the general court 
between 1728 and 1733, to those and the de- 
scendants of those who in 1675 took part in 
King Philip's war, Amherst being No. 3. of 
these grants. He married. Alay 23, 1729. 
Grace Gardner, of Micldleton, who died in 
1803; children: Thomas, born 1732; Arche- 
laus, 1734: Israel: Moses, May 6, 1739; Gard- 
ner, June 6, 1741 ; -Elizabeth, January 13, 
1745: Susannah, Alav 2?: 1748: Mary, A]iril 
20, 1 75 1. 

(\T) Israel (2), third son of Israel (i) 
and (irace (Gardner) Towne, was born No- 
vember 16, 1736, at Topsfield, Massachusetts. 
He went with his parents to .Amherst, New 
Hampshire, and in 1762 purchased land in 
Stoddard, New Hampshire, where he became 
a ])rominent citizen, and died there, April 28, 
1813. He has numerous descendants in this 
vicinitv. He married, July 31, 1760, Lydia, 
daughter of r.enjamin Hopkins: children: 
Israel: \\'illiam, born July 21, 1763: Gardner, 
Alay I, 1765; Benjamin, March 23, 1767; An- 
drew, July II, 1769: Lydia, .April 11, 1772, 
died .August 28, 1777: Daniel, August 20, 
1774; Hannah, .August 28, 177^1 : Lemuel, May 
10. 1782. 

( \'II ) Israel (3), eldest son of Israel (2) 
and Lydia ( Hopkins) Towne, was born June 
14, 1 761, at Stoddard, New Hampshire, and 
died May 2, 1848. He married Hannah .Ab- 
bott, of Stoddard, who died March 9, 1847: 
children: Lydia, born September 11, 1781 : 
.Archelaus, November 24, 1782: Israel; Han- 
nah, October 9, 178(1: Esther, June 24, 1788: 
Grace, March 24, 1790: Gardner. February 16. 
1792: Ebenezer, .August 3, 1793; and Lucy. 
August 16. 1797. 

( \' II I ) Israel ( 4 ) , second son of Israel (3) 
and Hannah (.Abbott) Towne, was born No- 
vember 22, 1784-5. at Stoddard, New Hamp- 
shire, and died at .Amherst. New Hampshire. 
October 25, 1858. He married (first) June 
14, 1812, Clarissa \\'eld, born December 3, 

1795. died January 13, 1815 : (second) July 
23, 1815, Sarah L. Brazier, born June 11. 

1796, died May 22. 1874. Children, two by 
first wife and eight by second wife: Sarah, 
born February 8, 1813, died .April 15, 1813: 
Clarissa \\'eld, born October 9, 1814: Maria 
B., August 7, 1817: Pamelia C, May i, 1822; 
Hannah C, .April 5, 1825; Elizabeth B., 
March 29, 1827: James Weld: Emily R., June 
14, 1832; ^^'illiam Henry-, May 27, 1835; 
Charles G., July 12, 1838. 

(IX) James W^eld, eldest son of Israel 



(4) and Sarah L. (Brazier) Towne, was born 
May 29, 1829, at Amherst, New Hampshire. 
There he received his early education, and 
learned the printer's trade, serving an appren- 
ticeship to the local paper, the "Farmers' 
Cabinet." He afterwards spent a short time 
in Pioston. employed as journeyman printer, 
but becoming interested in the possibilities of 
the Pacific coast region, after the discovery of 
gold in 1852 he removed to the then young city 
of San Francisco and engaged in business. A 
few years later he returned east and married, 
after which he returned to San Francisco and 
resided there thirteen years, during which 
time he was successfully connected with the 
])ioneer printing firm of ^\'hiton, Towne &• 
Company, later Towne & P)acon. In i8f)8 his 
health became poor and he returned east, tak- 
ing up a residence in East Orange, New Jer- 
sey, and acting as the New York representa- 
tive of the paper house of Rlake, Moffatt & 
Towne, of San Francisco. He married (first 1 
at Amherst, May 29, 1855, Cynthia Gowing, 
who died July 8. 1875: (second) October 3. 
1877, Rebecca Eames, of Wilmington. Chil- 
dren, all by first wife: I. Arthur C. born 
May 12. 1856. 2. Emma. August 18, 1858: 
married Hugo Richards; lives in Prescott, 
Arizona. 3. Carrie, December 18, 1861 ; mar- 
ried Frank W. Wilson, of East Orange, New 
Jersey. 4. I'Vank P.., Januarv /, 18^5. 3. 
Edward S. 6. Charles, "died 1868. 7. \\'illie. 
died 1870. 8. P)essie. December 8, 1871. died 
1886. 9. Joseph M., born July 7, 1875. 

(X) Edward S., third son of James Weld 
and Cynthia (Gowing) Towne. was born 
.April 18, 1866, at San Francisco, California. 
.\t the age of two years he was brought by his 
parents to East Orange, New Jersey, where he 
received his early education, attended the high 
school, where he graduated, and s]3ent a year 
at \N'illiston .Ncademy. He then went to New 
York City, where he entered the employ of a 
wholesale house dealing in stoves, being con- 
nected with same about two and a half years, 
and then spent about the same length of time 
in the employ of a wholesale ])aper house. In 
1888 he removed to Holyoke, Massachusetts, 
where he became coiniected with the National 
lilank Rook Company, of which he is now as- 
sistant treasurer and secretary. He is a wide- 
awake progressive business man, and takes in- 
terest in the ]niblic afifairs and improvements 
of Holyoke. He is a man of influence and 
probity, is a Republican in his political views, 
and for ten years has been treasurer of the 
."second Congregational S<iciety and assistant 

superintendent of its Sunday school. He be- 
longs to several Masonic orders — the Blue 
Lodge, Royal Arch Chapter and Council ; 
Springfield Commandery, Knights Templar, 
and Melha Temple, Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine: he is thrice illustrious commander of 
Holvoke Council, by virtue of which he is a 
life member, and is a member of the grand 
council of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 
through previous chairs. He is one of the 
thirteen charter members of the Holyoke 
Canoe Club, organized Holyoke Yacht Club : 
and was the first commodore : is vice-president 
of the Holyoke Club, and member of the 
S])ringfield Automobile Club. He married. 
.SejUember 14, 1893. at Richmond. Indiana, 
Joanna Maude, daughter of John D. and .Mary 
E. (Sands) Hogan, and they have one child, 
Herbert Sands, born October 9, 1899. 

This name, which was formerly 

.\MF,S .Amyas, dates back to the early his- 
tory of England, and the more 
modern form of the name is of frequent oc- 
currence in the history of this country, both 
in military and tivil annals. Coat-of-arms : 
Argent, on a bend sable three roses of the 

(1) John Ames, of liruton, Somersetshire, ^^^^^ 
England, was born about 1565. He came to wJ*V^ 
Massachusetts, in 1640, and settled in Bridge- r^.^^ | 
water: his brother, William, came in 1638, anfl,jfli4-*{,, 
settled in Ikaintree. John was distinguished ^lX*^ T 
during King Philip's war and left considerable *****'^ 
|)ropertv. He married Elizabeth Hayward. 
(^'hildren : William (see forward). John and 

(H) William, son of John and I'".lizabeth 
(Hayward) .Ames, was born in U)05, died in 

iri54. He married Hannah . Children: 

Hannah. Rebecca, Lydia. John (see forward), 
.^arah and Deliverance. 

(HI) John (2), only son of William and 
Hannah .Ames, was born in 1(147, died in 1726. 
He married Sarah, daughter of John and Eliz- 
abeth Hodgkins (Palmer) Willis. Children: 
John. William. Nathaniel (see forward), Eliz- 
abeth, Thomas, .Sarah, David and Hannah. 

( I\' ) .Nathaniel, son of John (2) and Sarah 
( Willis) .Ames, was born in 1677, died in 1736. 
He was an astronomer, captain and town 
officer. He married Susannah, daughter of 
John and Sarah (Latham) Howard, and 
granddaughter of John and Martha (Hay- 
ward) Howard. .Sarah (Latham) Howard 
wns daughter of Robert and Susannah (Wins- 
low ) Latham, granddaughter of John and 



Mary (Chilton) Winslow. and great-grand- 
daughter of Edward and (Gilbert) 

\\'ins!ow, and of James Chilton, who came in 
the "Maytiower" in 1620, and died the same 
year. Edward Winslow was the father of 
Edward Winslow. the governor of Plymouth 
Colony. Nathaniel and Susannah (Howard) 
Ames had children: Nathaniel (see forward), 
Susannah, Seth, Sarah, Anne and Mary. 

(\") Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel (i) 
and Susannah (Howard) Ames, was born in 
1708, died in 1764. He removed to Dedham, 
Massachusetts, where he was considered re- 
markable for his wit and wisdom. He was a 
physician and possessed of an astrological and 
litigious turn of mind, and was the author of 
"The Conceits of Nathaniel Ames." Dr. Ames 
was a maker of almanacs, and in one of them 
he predicted a snow storm about June 22 ; the 
announcement of such an unheard of thing 
w^as received with ridicule, but when the actual 
fact came true and there was a bona fide snow 
storm on that summer day. his prognostications 
were very much trusted, the sales of his future 
almanacs enormous, and the patrimony of the 
Ames family became greatly increased. He 
was known as "The inventor of the June snow 
storm." He was the keeper of a public inn in 
Dedham, which was known as the Woodward 

Tavern. He married (first) Fisher; 

( second ) Deborah Fisher. Children : Na- 
thaniel. Seth, Fisher (see forward). Deborah, 
William, Nathaniel, Seth and W^illiam. 

The line of descent of Deborah Fisher is as 
follows: .-Xnthony Fisher, born about 1555. of 
Syleham, Suffolk county, England, married 
Alary Fiske : ,\nthony, born in Syleham in 
1591, came to Dedham, Massachusetts, in 1637, 
married Mary ; Daniel, born in Syle- 
ham. about 1618, came to Dedham in 1637, 
served as captain of militia, judge of court of 
assistants and of superior court of judicature, 
held other offices, and married .\bigail Mariott ; 
Daniel, of Dedham, headed a delegation to 
I'oston in 1689 and was personally active in 
■-eizing and imprisoning Governor Andros. 
married Mary Fuller : Jeremiah, of Dedham. 
served as ca])tain of militia, selectman, town 
clerk and other offices, and married Deborah 
(Colburn) Richards: their daughter, Deborah, 
married Nathaniel Ames. 

(\T) Fisher, son of Nathaniel (2) and 
Deborah ( Fisher) .Ames, was born in Dedham, 
in 1758: died July 4, 1808. He was graduated 
from Harvard University at the early age of 
si.xteen years. In 1778 he was a member of 
the state legislature, was elected to congress 

from Suffolk county the same year, in opposi- 
tion to Samuel Adams, and was accounted the 
youngest member of the house of representa- 
tives ; was a delegate to the state convention to 
consider the Federal constitution the same year, 
and was a member of the governor's council, 
1800. He remained in congress during the 
whole of Washington's administrations and 
was one of that great man's most trusted 
friends, and was the leader of the Federal party 
in the house of representatives. W'hen the 
first President died the state of Massachusetts 
selected him as the most proper man to de- 
liver the state eulogy on Washington. As an 
orator he was more than most of the agitators 
of the revolutionary period. His style is 
calmer than theirs and his classical allusions 
are more chaste and severe. His information 
was very extensive, and from this source he 
drew hundreds of most happy instances. In 
fact, he rarely argued out a question logically, 
but intuitively sprang to his conclusion with an 
ajit illustration, a word picture, a startling 
metaphor or a scintillating epigram. He was 
more instrumental than anyone else in securing 
the passage of the earliest copyright law. His 
influence in New England among the Federal- 
ists was all-powerful. His hatred of the Deni- 
ocrats was intense, as indicated in one of his 
most eloquent speeches when he was inveigh- 
ing against them and their principles: "If 
every gravestone of a departed republic bore 
a lesson of wisdom and warning, the Demo- 
crats would shut their eyes rather than look 
upon it. They have no idea of any principles 
e.vcept their extremes, when they are no longer 
principles. It never happened in the world, 
and it never will, that a democracy has been 
kept out of the control of the fiercest turbu- 
lent spirits in the society. They breathe into 
it all their fury and make it subservient to the 
worst designs of the worst men. All history 
lies open for our warning — open like a church- 
vard, all whose lessons are solemn, and chiselled 
for eternity in the hard stone ; lessons that 
whisper. O! that they would thunder to re- 
publics. 'Your passions and your vices forbid 
you to be free !' " Fisher Ames was a most 
charming personality and possessed of a most 
admirable character: pure in private life and 
above the temptation of worldly gain. Still he 
did show himself once as a rather practical poli- 
tician. .\t the beginning of our national govern- 
ment the grave, pressing question was what was 
to be done with the depreciated continental 
money? Fisher .\mes, being a friend of the 
President, a member of congress, was on the 



inside and knew what was about to happen ; 
he bought up all the depreciated paper currency 
he could obtain and reaped a harvest when the 
nation redeemed the continental bills. He mar- 
ried Frances, daughter of Hon. John and Han- 
nah ( Hopkins) Washington. Children: John 
W'orthington, Nathaniel, Hannah, Jeremiah F., 
William, Seth (see forward) and Richard. 

Hannah (Hopkins) Worthington, mother 
of Frances (Worthington) Ames, was the 
daughter of Dr. Samuel and Esther (Ed- 
wards) Hopkins, the former a distinguished 
divine, and granddaughter of Timothy Ed- 
wards, also a distinguished minister in Con- 
necticut, whose son, Jonathan, followed worth- 
ily in his footsteps ; Jonathan Edwards had a 
daughter Esther, who married Rev. Aaron 
Burr and became the mother of Aaron Burr, 
\'ice-President of the United States. The 
paternal line of Mrs. Ames is as follows : Hugh 
Worthington, born about 1400; William, born 
about 1433, married Jane, daughter of "Xorisse 
of the Speke ;" Richard, born about 1466, mar- 
ried Jane Holcroft, of Holcroft ; Thomas, born 
about 1500, married Anne, daughter of Rich- 
ard Ashton, of Croston ; Edward, born about 
1 533, married Margaret. daughter of John Crell, 
of Torton : Thomas, born about 1566, married 
Dorothy. daughter of Gilbert Langtree.of Lang- 
tree : XVilliam. married Bradshaw, of 

Litherland ; Nicholas, married Jane, daughter 
of Richard Langtree, of Langtree ; Alexander ; 
Nicholas, married Agnes, daughter of Thomas 
and Dorothy (Langtree) Worthington; Nich- 
olas, born about 1620, died in 1683, married 
(second) Susannah White; John, born 1679, 
died 1744, married, 1713, Mary Pratt; Hon. 
John, mentioned above, of Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, was born in 1719, died in 1800, was 
graduated from Yale in 1740. 

(VTI) Seth, son of Fisher and Frances 
(Worthington) Ames, was born April 19, 
1805: died .August 18, i88r. He was grad- 
uated from Harvard L^niversity in 1825, and 
lived in Lowell. Cambridge and Brookline. He 
was chief justice of the superior court, asso- 
ciate justice of the supreme judicial court of 
Massachusetts, and was an admirable speci- 
men of a jurist. He was an accurate lawyer, 
a patient courteous judge, allowing lawyers to 
try their own cases, and justice was personified 
in his court. In stature he was of medium height 
and inclined to stoutness, but with a dignity of 
carriage and a grace of demeanor. Judge Ames 
married, in 1831. Margaret S. Bradford, born 
in 1803, (lied in 1847. daughter of Gamaliel 
and Elizabeth fllickling) Bradford. Children: 

Frances W., married Francis Howland ; John 
W., married Margaret Plumley ; Fisher (see 
forward) ; Pelham W., married Augusta 
Hooper; Susan and Richard, died in infancy. 
The paternal line of descent of Mrs. Ames 
is as follows: William Bradford, of Auster- 
field, Yorkshire, England, was born about 
1550; married Alice Hanson. William, son of 
\\ illiam and Alice (Hanson) Bradford, born 
about 1588, in Austerfield, died in 1657; he 
came to Plymouth in the "Mayflower," and 
was the governor of Plymouth Colony for 
thirty-one years; he married (second) Alice 
Southworth. William, son of William and 
Alice (Southworth) Bradford, was born in 
1624, and died in 1704; he served as deputy- 
governor, as major in the Indian war, and was 
wounded in King Philip's war at Fort Narra- 
gansctt ; he married Alice Richards. Samuel, 
son of William and Alice (Richards) Brad- 
ford, was born in 1668; married Hannah 
Rogers (see forward). Gamaliel, son of Sam- 
uel and Hannah (Rogers) Bradford, was born 
May 18, 1704, died April 20, 1788; he was 
judge of county court; married, August 30, 
1728, Abigail Bartlett, born May 4, 1703, died 
August 30, 1776 (see forward). Gamaliel 
(2), son of Gamaliel (i) and Abigail (Bart- 
lett) Bradford, was born in 1731 ; served in 
the French and Indian wars, and as colonel in 
the revolutionary army ; married Sarah Alden 
(see forward). Gamaliel (3), son of Gamaliel 
(2) and Sarah (Alden) Bradford, and the 
father of Mrs. Seth Ames, was born in 1763, 
dietl in 1843 ; he was a lieutenant in the revolu- 
tionary army at the age of seventeen years, 
was captain of a ship, and lost a leg while en- 
gaged in defeating these French privateers ; 
married Elizabeth Hickling (see forward). 
Hannah (Rogers) Bradford is descended as 
follows : Thomas Rogers, who came over in 
the "Mayflower" in 1620. John, son of Thomas 
Rogers, married Ann Churchman. John, son 
of John and Ann (Churchman) Rogers, and 
father of Hannah (Rogers) Bradford, mar- 
ried (second) Elizabeth Pabodie, a grand- 
daughter of John Alden. Abigail (Bartlett) 
F)ra(lford is descended as follows: Richard 
Warren, who came in the "Alayflower," mar- 
ried Elizabeth ; Mary, daughter of 

Richard and Elizabeth Warren, married Rob- 
ert Bartlett; Benjamin, son of Robert and 
Mary (Warren) Bartlett, married Sarah 
Brewster, daughter of Love and Sarah (Col- 
lier) Brewster, and granddaughter of Elder 
William and Mary Brewster ; Benjamin, son 
of Benjamin and .Sarah (Brewster) Bartlett, 



and father of Abigail ( Bartlett j Bradford, 
married Ruth Pabodie, daughter of William 
and Elizabeth (Alden) Pabodie, and grand- 
daughter of John Alden. Sarah (Alden) 
Bradford is (lescended from John Alden as 
follows: John Alden, born 1599, died 1687; 
married Priscilla Mullins; he was the last to 
die of those who signed the compact on the 
"Mayflower." David, son of John and Pris- 
cilla (Mullins) Alden, born about 1640, died 
in 1719; married Mary Southworth ; Samuel, 
son of David and Mary (Southworth) Alden, 
and father of Sarah (Alden) Bradford, was 
born in 1689, died in 1781 ; married Sarah 
Sprague. Elizabeth (Hickling) Bradford, 
mother of Mrs. Seth Ames, is descended as 
follows: Thomas Leverett, born 1585, died 
1650 : was an alderman in Boston, England, 
and came to Boston, Massachusetts, in the 
"Griffin" in 1633; married Anne Fisher. Anne, 
daughter of Thomas and .-\nne (Fisher) 
Leverett. married Isaac Addington, who came 
from England to Boston, was a surgeon and 
"entitled Mr." Sarah, daughter of Isaac and 
Anne (Leverett) Addington, was born in 
1652; married Penn Townsend, born 1651, 
died August 27, 1727: he served as colonial 
representative, speaker of the house, justice 
and chief justice, court of judicature. Anne, 
(laughter of Penn and Sarah (Addington) 
Townsend, was born in 1690; married John 
Sale. Sarah, daughter of John and Anne 
CTownsend) Sale, was born in 1714, and died 
in 1786; married, 1734, William Hickling, who 
came to Boston, Massachusetts, from Notting- 
hamshire, England, in 1730. William, son of 
William and Sarah (Sale) Hickling, was born 
in Boston in 1742: he served as captain in the 
revolutionary army, built a fort, and command- 
ed the cannon in the Mohawk Valley, and was 
commended for brave behavior ; married Eliza-